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1.
Obes Surg ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) a year after being randomized to metabolic gastric bypass (mRYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and greater curvature plication (GCP). We also analyzed the association of gastrointestinal hormones with skeletal metabolism. METHODS: Forty-five patients with T2D (mean BMI 39.4 ± 1.9 kg/m2) were randomly assigned to mRYGB, SG, or GCP. Before and 12 months after surgery, anthropometric, body composition, biochemical parameters, fasting plasma glucagon, ghrelin, and PYY as well as GLP-1, GLP-2, and insulin after a standard meal were determined. RESULTS: After surgery, the decrease at femoral neck (FN) was similar but at lumbar spine (LS), it was greater in the mRYGB group compared with SG and GCP - 7.29 (4.6) vs. - 0.48 (3.9) vs. - 1.2 (2.7)%, p < 0.001. Osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase increased more after mRYGB. Bone mineral content (BMC) at the LS after surgery correlated with fasting ghrelin (r = - 0.412, p = 0.01) and AUC for GLP-1 (r = - 0.402, p = 0.017). FN BMD at 12 months correlated with post-surgical fasting glucagon (r = 0.498, p = 0.04) and insulin AUC (r = 0.384, p = 0.030) and at LS with the AUC for GLP-1 in the same time period (r = - 0.335, p = 0.049). However, in the multiple regression analysis after adjusting for age, sex, and BMI, the type of surgery (mRYGB) remained the only factor associated with BMD reduction at LS and FN. CONCLUSIONS: mRYGB induces greater deleterious effects on the bone at LS compared with SG and GCP, and gastrointestinal hormones do not play a major role in bone changes.

2.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(4): 188-210, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3390

RESUMO

Objetivo: Actualizar las recomendaciones sobre osteoporosis (OP) de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) basadas en la mejor evidencia posible. Métodos: Se creó un panel formado por nueve reumatólogos expertos en OP previamente seleccionados por la SER mediante una convocatoria abierta. Las fases del trabajo fueron: identificación de las áreas claves para la actualización del consenso anterior, análisis y síntesis de la evidencia científica (utilizando los niveles de evidencia del SIGN) y formulación de recomendaciones a partir de esta evidencia y de técnicas de consenso. Resultados: Esta revisión de las recomendaciones comporta una actualización en la evaluación diagnóstica de la OP y de su tratamiento. Propone unos criterios para considerar alto riesgo de fractura y unas indicaciones para iniciar tratamiento. Las recomendaciones abordan también cuestiones relativas a la seguridad de los tratamientos y al manejo de situaciones especiales como las enfermedades inflamatorias y el tratamiento con glucocorticoides. Conclusiones: Se presenta la actualización de las recomendaciones SER sobre OP


Objective: To update the recommendations on osteoporosis (OP) of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) based on the best possible evidence. Methods: A panel of nine expert rheumatologists in OP was created, previously selected by the SER through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of the key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of the scientific evidence (using the SIGN levels of evidence) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and consensus techniques. Results: This revision of the recommendations implies an update in the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of OP. It proposes some criteria to consider the high risk of fracture and some indications to start treatment. The recommendations also address issues related to the safety of treatments and the management of special situations such as inflammatory diseases and treatment with glucocorticoids. Conclusions: We present an update of SER recommendations on OP

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(6): e14361, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732168

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been related to an impairment of the nutritional status. Body mass index (BMI) has been used but questions arise about how to properly evaluate nutritional status in RA patients. Few studies have evaluated it by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.In women with RA, to analyze:Case-control study including 89 women with RA. The control group was composed by 100 patients affected by non-inflammatory rheumatic disorders. Study variables included age, RA duration, history, activity and disability, and in relation to nutritional status: BMI, serum albumin (ALB), whole body DXA assessment, and skeletal muscle index (SMI).Mean age of patients was 62 ±â€Š8 years, mean duration of RA was 14 ±â€Š9 years, mean disease activity score (DAS28) was 3.7 ±â€Š1.4 and mean Health Assessment Questionnaire was 0.88 ±â€Š0.77. BMI was 27.43 ±â€Š5.16 Kg/m in patients and 27.78 ±â€Š3.98 Kg/m in controls (P: ns). ALB was within normal range in all patients.By whole body DXA, RA patients presented a statistically significant lower lean mass in all locations and lower fat mass in limbs than controls. Patients had a redistribution of fat mass to trunk. Lean mass directly correlated with fat mass.Neither BMI nor ALB correlated with DXA parameters.BMI, appendicular lean mass and SMI correlated inversely with disease duration. Trunk lean mass correlated inversely, and fat mass directly, with RA disability parameters.RA patients fulfilled criteria of sarcopenia in 44% of cases versus 19% of controls (P <.001). In RA patients, regarding SMI, BMI showed a high specificity to detect sarcopenia (94% of the patients with low BMI had sarcopenia) but low sensitivity (47% of the patients with normal BMI or overweight had sarcopenia).RA patients have an impairment of nutritional status associated to disease duration that looks like sarcopenia and that is not predicted by BMI.


Assuntos
Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Estado Nutricional , Idoso , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Albumina Sérica/análise , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha
4.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30470636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the recommendations on osteoporosis (OP) of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) based on the best possible evidence. METHODS: A panel of nine expert rheumatologists in OP was created, previously selected by the SER through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of the key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of the scientific evidence (using the SIGN levels of evidence) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and consensus techniques. RESULTS: This revision of the recommendations implies an update in the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of OP. It proposes some criteria to consider the high risk of fracture and some indications to start treatment. The recommendations also address issues related to the safety of treatments and the management of special situations such as inflammatory diseases and treatment with glucocorticoids. CONCLUSIONS: We present an update of SER recommendations on OP.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371793

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the changes in body fat distribution(BFD) occurring over 60 months in a group of ART-naïve individuals starting different antiretroviral regimens. Methods: Prospective ongoing fat change assessment including clinical evaluation and DXA scan is being conducted in all consecutive patients initiating ART from January 2008. Arm, leg, trunk and total fat as well as fat mass ratio were determined. Results: 146 patients were included (80% male, 40% MSM). The mean age was 44 years, HIV-1 RNA 4.98 log10 copies/mL, and CD4 254 cells/µL. The most common initial antiretroviral combination included non nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) drugs followed by protease inhibitor (PI) and integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) based regimens. At month 36, an increase was seen in the body mass index (BMI), total fat, trunk fat, and limb fat. The FMR also showed a significant increase in both men and women (p=0.001). In patients receiving NNRTI- or INSTI-based regimens (but not PIs), there was a marginal but statistically significant increase in the FMR (0.10 and 0.07, respectively; p=0.01). Sixty-two subjects completed 60 months of follow up. FMR showed a significant increase even in the PI group at this time point (p<0.03). Conclusions: We observed a significant increase in the fat and lean body mass in all compartments and treatment groups over 36 and 60 months. Clinically irrelevant differences were found in fat distribution, regardless of the treatment group and baseline characteristics. This data suggest that current antiretroviral regimens have low impact on BFD during the first years of treatment.

6.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8195, 2018 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29844438

RESUMO

A rare variant (BAFF-var) of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily 13b (TNFSF13B) gene has been recently associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between TNFSF13B BAFF-var and susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and replicate that association in SLE. 6,218 RA patients, 2,575 SLE patients and 4,403 healthy controls from three different countries were included in the study. TNFSF13B BAFF-var was genotyped using TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. PLINK software was used for statistical analyses. TNFSF13B BAFF-var was significantly associated with RA (p = 0.015, OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.03-1.41) in the Spanish cohort. A trend of association was observed in the Dutch (p = 0.115) and German (p = 0.228) RA cohorts. A meta-analysis of the three RA cohorts included in this study revealed a statistically significant association (p = 0.002, OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.10-1.38). In addition, TNFSF13B BAFF-var was significantly associated with SLE in the Spanish (p = 0.001, OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.14-1.74) and the German cohorts (p = 0.030, OR = 1.86, 95% CI = 1.05-3.28), with a statistically significant p-value obtained in the meta-analysis (p = 0.0002, OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.09-2.32). The results obtained confirm the known association of TNFSF13B BAFF-var with SLE and, for the first time, demonstrate that this variant contributes to susceptibility to RA.

7.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 14(1): 78-83, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29057725

RESUMO

Objetive: Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and nasal carriers of Staphylococcus aureus have an increased risk of developing infections caused by S. aureus. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of S. aureus nasal colonization in patients with RA and its relationship to RA treatments. METHODS: Two hundred and seven patients with RA and 37 healthy controls were prospectively included in a cross-sectional study. A nasal secretion sample was collected by swab from both anterior nostrils and was referred to the hospital's microbiology department for culturing. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients (168 women, 78%) was 61 ± 12 years old. The mean disease duration was 13 ± 10 years. Seventy-six percent of the patients were positive for Rheumatoid Factor (RF), and 71% were positive for Anti-citrullinated Peptides Antibodies (ACPA). Seventy percent had joint erosions. The mean DAS28 was 3.1 ± 2.2. S. aureus nasal colonization was found in 36% of the RA patients and 35% of the controls. Three patients and no controls were resistant to oxacilin/ mupirocin. The patients who were positive for ACPA had a higher prevalence of S. aureus colonization (43% vs. 17%; p < 0.05). The colonization prevalence in the patients treated with glucocorticoids was 32% (n: 133); methotrexate and/or leflunomide, 37% (n: 167); anti-TNF agents, 46% (n: 54), p < 0.05 versus patients not treated with anti-TNF agents; rituximab, 22% (n: 18); tocilizumab, 39% (n: 18). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of S. aureus nasal colonization in patients with RA does not appear to be greater than that of the general population. Anti-TNF agents might confer a higher prevalence of colonization.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Nasal/microbiologia , Prevalência , Infecções Estafilocócicas/complicações , Staphylococcus aureus
8.
Nutrients ; 9(12)2017 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The effects of bariatric surgery on skeletal health raise many concerns. Trabecular bone score (TBS) is obtained through the analysis of lumbar spine dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) images and allows an indirect assessment of skeletal microarchitecture (MA). The aim of our study was to evaluate the changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and alterations in bone microarchitecture assessed by TBS in morbidly obese women undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), over a three-year follow-up. MATERIAL/METHODS: A prospective study of 38 morbidly obese white women, aged 46.3 ± 8.2 years, undergoing RYGB was conducted. Biochemical analyses and DXA scans with TBS evaluation were performed before and at one year and three years after surgery. RESULTS: Patients showed normal calcium and phosphorus plasma concentrations throughout the study. However, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3) decreased, and 71% of patients had a vitamin D deficiency at three years. BMD at femoral neck and lumbar spine (LSBMD) significantly decreased 13.53 ± 5.42% and 6.03 ± 6.79%, respectively, during the three-year follow-up; however Z-score values remained above those for women of the same age. TBS was within normal ranges at one and three years (1.431 ± 106 and 1.413 ± 85, respectively), and at the end of the study, 73.7% of patients had normal bone MA. TBS at three years correlated inversely with age (r = -0.41, p = 0.010), body fat (r = -0.465, p = 0.004) and greater body fat deposited in trunk (r = -0.48, p = 0.004), and positively with LSBMD (r = 0.433, p = 0.007), fat mass loss (r = 0.438, p = 0.007) and lean mass loss (r = 0.432, p = 0.008). In the regression analysis, TBS remained associated with body fat (ß = -0.625, p = 0.031; R² = 0.47). The fracture risk, calculated by FRAX® (University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK), with and without adjustment by TBS, was low. CONCLUSION: Women undergoing RYGB in the mid-term have a preserved bone MA, assessed by TBS.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Osso e Ossos/ultraestrutura , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Obesidade Mórbida , Adulto , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Osteoporose , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
9.
Clin Chim Acta ; 475: 169-171, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29056531

RESUMO

At present, data comparing the quantification methods for measurement of free vitamin D (direct assay [direct 25-OHDF] and estimated by calculation [calculated 25-OHDF]), are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyse the concordance between these two methods of 25-OHDF analysis (direct vs. calculated). METHODS: Serum values of total 25-OHD (25-OHDT), vitamin D binding protein (DBP) (by R&D Systems ELISA), calculated 25-OHDF (by DBP, albumin and 25-OHDT) and direct 25-OHDF (by DIAsource ELISA) were analysed in 173 healthy women (aged 35-45years). Assessment of concordance was evaluated by the Bland-Altman plot and the total deviation index (TDI). RESULTS: The mean values of calculated and direct 25-OHDF in these subjects were 5.27±2.5 and 3.83±1.01pg/mL, respectively. We found significantly lower values of 25-OHDF on comparing subjects with and without vitamin D deficiency, independently of the method used. The total deviation index evaluated by the Bland-Altman plot showed low concordance for both measurements. Only low 25-OHDF levels were concordant. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the concordance between these two methods of 25-OHDF analysis is low and has a concentration dependent bias. Further studies are necessary to clarify the reference values and the indications for 25-OHDF measurement.


Assuntos
Calcifediol/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico , Proteína de Ligação a Vitamina D/sangue
11.
Sci Rep ; 7: 40303, 2017 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28059143

RESUMO

A genetic component influences the development of atherosclerosis in the general population and also in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, genetic polymorphisms associated with atherosclerosis in the general population are not always involved in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in RA. Accordingly, a study in North-American RA patients did not show the association reported in the general population of coronary artery disease with a series of relevant polymorphisms (TCF21, LPA, HHIPL1, RASD1-PEMT, MRPS6, CYP17A1-CNNM2-NT5C2, SMG6-SRR, PHACTR1, WDR12 and COL4A1-COL4A2). In the present study, we assessed the potential association of these polymorphisms with CVD in Southern European RA patients. We also assessed if polymorphisms implicated in the increased risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in non-rheumatic Caucasians (ZHX2, PINX1, SLC17A4, LRIG1 and LDLR) may influence the risk for CVD in RA. 2,609 Spanish patients were genotyped by TaqMan assays. Subclinical atherosclerosis was determined in 1,258 of them by carotid ultrasonography (assessment of carotid intima media thickness and presence/absence of carotid plaques). No statistically significant differences were found when each polymorphism was assessed according to the presence/absence of cardiovascular events and subclinical atherosclerosis, after adjustment for potential confounder factors. Our results do not show an association between these 15 polymorphisms and atherosclerosis in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
12.
PLoS One ; 11(12): e0166691, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27911913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG) and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK-1) and radiological progression in patients with tightly controlled rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum levels of OPG and DKK-1 were measured in 97 RA patients who were treated according to a treat-to-target strategy (T2T) aimed at remission (DAS28<2.6). Radiologic joint damage progression was assessed by changes in the total Sharp-van der Heijde score (SHS) on serial radiographs of the hands and feet. The independent association between these biomarker levels and the structural damage endpoint was examined using regression analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of the 97 RA patients (68 women) at the time of the study was 54 ± 14 years, and the median disease duration was 1.6 ± 1.5 years. Most patients were seropositive for either RF or ACPA, and the large majority (76%) were in remission or had low disease activity. After a median follow-up time of 3.3 ± 1.5 years (range, 1-7.5 yrs.), the mean total SHS annual progression was 0.88 ± 2.20 units. Fifty-two percent of the patients had no progression (defined as a total SHS of zero). The mean serum OPG level did not change significantly over the study period (from 3.9 ± 1.8 to 4.07 ± 2.23 pmol/L), whereas the mean serum DKK-1 level decreased, although not significantly (from 29.9 ± 10.9 to 23.6 ± 18.8 pmol/L). In the multivariate analysis, the predictive factors increasing the likelihood of total SHS progression were age (OR per year = 1.10; p = 0.003) and a high mean C-reactive protein level over the study period (OR = 1.29; p = 0.005). Circulating OPG showed a protective effect reducing the likelihood of joint space narrowing by 60% (95% CI: 0.38-0.94) and the total SHS progression by 48% (95% CI: 0.28-0.83). The DKK-1 levels were not associated with radiological progression. CONCLUSION: In patients with tightly controlled RA, serum OPG was inversely associated with progression of joint destruction. This biomarker may be useful in combination with other risk factors to improve prediction in patients in clinical remission or low disease activity state.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue , Articulações/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoprotegerina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulações/metabolismo , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Sci Rep ; 6: 31979, 2016 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27534721

RESUMO

Association between elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) serum levels and subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiovascular (CV) events was described in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CRP, HNF1A, LEPR, GCKR, NLRP3, IL1F10, PPP1R3B, ASCL1, HNF4A and SALL1 exert an influence on elevated CRP serum levels in non-rheumatic Caucasians. Consequently, we evaluated the potential role of these genes in the development of CV events and subclinical atherosclerosis in RA patients. Three tag CRP polymorphisms and HNF1A, LEPR, GCKR, NLRP3, IL1F10, PPP1R3B, ASCL1, HNF4A and SALL1 were genotyped in 2,313 Spanish patients by TaqMan. Subclinical atherosclerosis was determined in 1,298 of them by carotid ultrasonography (by assessment of carotid intima-media thickness-cIMT-and presence/absence of carotid plaques). CRP serum levels at diagnosis and at the time of carotid ultrasonography were measured in 1,662 and 1,193 patients, respectively, by immunoturbidimetry. Interestingly, a relationship between CRP and CRP serum levels at diagnosis and at the time of the carotid ultrasonography was disclosed. However, no statistically significant differences were found when CRP, HNF1A, LEPR, GCKR, NLRP3, IL1F10, PPP1R3B, ASCL1, HNF4A and SALL1 were evaluated according to the presence/absence of CV events, carotid plaques and cIMT after adjustment. Our results do not confirm an association between these genes and CV disease in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/genética , Proteína C-Reativa/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Risco
14.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 147(3): 109-112, ago. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-154572

RESUMO

Objetivos: Evaluar la efectividad de una intervención sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular (FRCV) en pacientes con artritis reumatoide. Métodos: Tras determinar sus FRCV y su riesgo cardiovascular (RCV) mediante SCORE modificado, se entregó a los pacientes una carta dirigida a su médico de familia, en la que se solicitaba su colaboración en el control de los FRCV y se especificaba el objetivo respecto al colesterol LDL. Tres meses después se registraron las intervenciones terapéuticas realizadas y su resultado. Resultados: Se incluyeron 211 pacientes, el 29% con un alto RCV. Se realizaron nuevos diagnósticos de FRCV en 100 (47%) casos. El médico de familia cambió el tratamiento en 2/12 diabetes, 30/84 HTA, 74/167 con elevación del colesterol LDL y 21/51 hipertrigliceridemias. El porcentaje de pacientes con buen control de cada FRCV pasó: a) en HTA, del 25 al 73%; b) en elevación del colesterol LDL, del 10 al 17%; y c) en hipertrigliceridemia, del 25 al 38%. Conclusiones: Mediante esta intervención se diagnosticaron nuevos FRCV en casi la mitad de los pacientes. Su efectividad sobre el control de los FRCV fue baja (AU)


Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: After determining their CVRF and cardiovascular risk (CVR) by modified SCORE, we gave the patients a letter for their general practitioners in which they were requested for their cooperation in controlling CVRF and where the therapeutic goal for LDL cholesterol was specified. Three months later, any therapeutic intervention was recorded as well as the results. Results: We included 211 patients, 29% with a high CVR. There were new diagnoses of CVRF in 100 patients (47%). The general practitioner changed the treatment in 2/12 diabetes, 30/84 HBP, 74/167 with elevation of LDL cholesterol and 21/51 with hypertriglyceridemia. The percentage of patients with good control over CVRF was: a) in HBP, 25 to 73%; b) elevation of LDL cholesterol from 10 to 17%; and c) in hypertriglyceridemia, 25 to 38%. Conclusions: Through this intervention, a new CVRF was diagnosed in nearly half of the patients. The effectiveness of the intervention on CVRF was low (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Resultado de Ações Preventivas , Hipercolesterolemia/prevenção & controle , Atenção Primária à Saúde
15.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 147(3): 109-12, 2016 Aug 05.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27143527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: After determining their CVRF and cardiovascular risk (CVR) by modified SCORE, we gave the patients a letter for their general practitioners in which they were requested for their cooperation in controlling CVRF and where the therapeutic goal for LDL cholesterol was specified. Three months later, any therapeutic intervention was recorded as well as the results. RESULTS: We included 211 patients, 29% with a high CVR. There were new diagnoses of CVRF in 100 patients (47%). The general practitioner changed the treatment in 2/12 diabetes, 30/84 HBP, 74/167 with elevation of LDL cholesterol and 21/51 with hypertriglyceridemia. The percentage of patients with good control over CVRF was: a) in HBP, 25 to 73%; b) elevation of LDL cholesterol from 10 to 17%; and c) in hypertriglyceridemia, 25 to 38%. CONCLUSIONS: Through this intervention, a new CVRF was diagnosed in nearly half of the patients. The effectiveness of the intervention on CVRF was low.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Medicina Geral , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 54(2): 293-303, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26088062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to establish robust reference intervals and to investigate the factors influencing bone turnover markers (BTMs) in healthy premenopausal Spanish women. METHODS: A total of 184 women (35-45 years) from 13 centers in Catalonia were analyzed. Blood and second void urine samples were collected between 8 a.m. and 10 a.m. after an overnight fast. Serum procollagen type I amino-terminal propeptide (PINP) and serum cross-linked C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) were measured by two automated assays (Roche and IDS), bone alkaline phosphatase (bone ALP) by ELISA, osteocalcin (OC) by IRMA and urinary NTX-I by ELISA. PTH and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels were measured. All participants completed a questionnaire on lifestyle factors. RESULTS: Reference intervals were: PINP: 22.7-63.1 and 21.8-65.5 µg/L, bone ALP: 6.0-13.6 µg/L, OC: 8.0-23.0 µg/L, CTX-I: 137-484 and 109-544 ng/L and NTX-I: 19.6-68.9 nM/mM. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) influenced PINP (p=0.007), and low body mass index (BMI) was associated with higher BTMs except for bone ALP. Women under 40 had higher median values of most BTMs. CTX-I was influenced by calcium intake (p=0.010) and PTH (p=0.007). 25OHD levels did not influence BTMs. Concordance between the two automated assays for PINP and particularly CTX-I was poor. CONCLUSIONS: Robust reference intervals for BTMs in a Southern European country are provided. The effects of OCPs and BMI on their levels are significant, whilst serum 25OHD levels did not influence BTMs. Age, calcium intake, BMI and PTH influenced CTX-I. The two automated assays for measuring PINP and CTX-I are not interchangeable.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Remodelação Óssea , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Adulto , Fosfatase Alcalina/análise , Fosfatase Alcalina/normas , Biomarcadores/urina , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colágeno Tipo I/sangue , Colágeno Tipo I/normas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteocalcina/análise , Osteocalcina/normas , Hormônio Paratireóideo/análise , Hormônio Paratireóideo/normas , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/normas , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/urina , Peptídeos/sangue , Peptídeos/normas , Pré-Menopausa , Pró-Colágeno/sangue , Pró-Colágeno/normas , Pró-Colágeno/urina , Valores de Referência , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/análise , Vitamina D/normas
17.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 27(8): 2487-94, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26647424

RESUMO

Tertiary hyperparathyroidism is a common cause of hypercalcemia after kidney transplant. We designed this 12-month, prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized study to evaluate whether subtotal parathyroidectomy is more effective than cinacalcet for controlling hypercalcemia caused by persistent hyperparathyroidism after kidney transplant. Kidney allograft recipients with hypercalcemia and elevated intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentration were eligible if they had received a transplant ≥6 months before the study and had an eGFR>30 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) The primary end point was the proportion of patients with normocalcemia at 12 months. Secondary end points were serum iPTH concentration, serum phosphate concentration, bone mineral density, vascular calcification, renal function, patient and graft survival, and economic cost. In total, 30 patients were randomized to receive cinacalcet (n=15) or subtotal parathyroidectomy (n=15). At 12 months, ten of 15 patients in the cinacalcet group and 15 of 15 patients in the parathyroidectomy group (P=0.04) achieved normocalcemia. Normalization of serum phosphate concentration occurred in almost all patients. Subtotal parathyroidectomy induced greater reduction of iPTH and associated with a significant increase in femoral neck bone mineral density; vascular calcification remained unchanged in both groups. The most frequent adverse events were digestive intolerance in the cinacalcet group and hypocalcemia in the parathyroidectomy group. Surgery would be more cost effective than cinacalcet if cinacalcet duration reached 14 months. All patients were alive with a functioning graft at the end of follow-up. In conclusion, subtotal parathyroidectomy was superior to cinacalcet in controlling hypercalcemia in these patients with kidney transplants and persistent hyperparathyroidism.


Assuntos
Calcimiméticos/uso terapêutico , Cinacalcete/uso terapêutico , Hipercalcemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipercalcemia/cirurgia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim , Paratireoidectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 45(3): 328-33, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26186807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency and type of giant cell arteritis (GCA)-related ischemic complications in a series of patients with GCA who, for a substantial period of time (i.e., at least 3 mo), lacked vascular symptoms and presented with apparently isolated polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS: Retrospective follow-up study of an unselected population of 167 patients with GCA diagnosed from 1985 to 2014. RESULTS: In all, 18 patients (11%) developed GCA on a background of a prior history of PMR. They were diagnosed as having isolated PMR because they did not have clinical evidence of GCA at diagnosis and exhibited a prompt and complete response to low-dose steroid therapy. However, during the course of treatment, 17 patients later experienced an arteritic relapse with the development of typical craniofacial symptoms, and one patient developed signs of upper extremity vascular insufficiency, resulting in the diagnosis of large-vessel GCA. The median time to GCA diagnosis from the initiation of low-dose steroid therapy was 9 ± 14.4 mo (range: 3-39). At the time of GCA diagnosis, severe ischemic complications were observed in 50% (9/18) of the patients. Of these patients 22% (4/18) were considered to have "true" occlusive disease (i.e., permanent visual loss, stroke, and/or limb claudication). Late inflammation of the aorta and its branches occurred in 4 (22%) of the patients during long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: Patients with GCA presenting with apparently isolated PMR have a significant risk of developing transient or permanent disease-related ischemic complications; these complications occurred in 50% of the cases.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes/complicações , Isquemia/epidemiologia , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 45(1): 9-17, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25841801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency, location, characteristics, and clinical significance of subaxial involvement (below C1-C2) in a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and symptomatic involvement of the cervical spine. METHODS: A total of 41 patients with RA were examined via cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A comparative analysis of the incidence of the different types of subaxial lesions was performed between these patients and 41 age- and sex-matched patients with symptomatic cervical spondylosis. RESULTS: Stenosis of the spinal canal was found at the subaxial level in 85% of RA patients, and at the atlantoaxial level in 44%. Comparative analysis between these patients and the cervical spondylosis patients revealed significant differences in the types and frequencies of subaxial lesions. For both conditions, signs of discopathy and end-plate osteophytosis were the most common abnormalities observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, in the RA patients these abnormalities coincided with subchondral bone and ligamentous acute inflammatory changes and with secondary destruction (vertebral instability) or repair (vertebral ankyloses). Only evidence of subaxial myelopathy was significantly associated with an increased risk of neurological dysfunction among the RA patients [Ranawat class II or III; P = 0.01; odds ratio (OR) = 11.43], although subaxial cord compression tended toward a significant association with the risk of neurological dysfunction (P = 0.06; OR = 3.95). CONCLUSION: Subaxial stenosis seems to be the consequence of both the inflammatory process and mechanical-degenerative changes. Despite its frequency, it was not usually related to the occurrence of myelopathy symptoms, not even in cases with MRI evidence of spinal cord compression.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Vértebras Cervicais/patologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/patologia , Espondilose/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose Espinal/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2015: 318364, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25815310

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a polygenic disease associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. JAK/STAT signalling pathway is involved in autoimmune diseases and in the atherosclerotic process. JAK3 is a highly promising target for immunomodulatory drugs and polymorphisms in JAK3 gene have been associated with CV events in incident dialysis patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the potential role of JAK3 polymorphisms in the development of CV disease in patients with RA. 2136 Spanish RA patients were genotyped for the rs3212780 and rs3212752 JAK3 gene polymorphisms by TaqMan assays. Subclinical atherosclerosis was evaluated in 539 of these patients by carotid ultrasonography (US). No statistically significant differences were found when each polymorphism was assessed according to carotid intima-media thickness values and presence/absence of carotid plaques in RA, after adjusting the results for potential confounders. Moreover, no significant differences were obtained when RA patients were stratified according to the presence/absence of CV events after adjusting for potential confounders. In conclusion, our results do not confirm association between JAK3 polymorphisms and CV disease in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Janus Quinase 3/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/enzimologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/enzimologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Demografia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos Cíclicos/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Placa Aterosclerótica/enzimologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/genética
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