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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(4): 1609-1619, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900556


The emergence of antibiotic-resistant beta-hemolytic Streptococcus agalactiae strains poses increasing threat to human beings globally. As an attempt to create a novel lysin with improved activity against S. agalactiae, a chimeric lysin, ClyV, was constructed by fusing the enzymatically active domain (EAD) from PlyGBS lysin (GBS180) and the cell wall binding domain (CBD) from PlyV12 lysin (V12CBD). Plate lysis assay combined with lytic kinetic analysis demonstrated that ClyV has improved activity than its parental enzymatic domain GBS180 against multiple streptococci. Biochemical characterization showed that ClyV is active from pH 7 to 10, with the optimum pH of 9, and is stable under NaCl concentration of < 500 mM. In a S. agalactiae infection model, a single intraperitoneally administration of 0.1 mg/mouse of ClyV protected 100% mice, while it was observed that ~ 29% survive in group that received a single dose of 0.1 mg/mouse of GBS180. Moreover, a high dose of 0.8 mg/mouse ClyV did not show any adverse effects to the health or survival rate of the mice. Considering the robust bactericidal activity and good safety profile of ClyV, it represents a potential candidate for the treatment of S. agalactiae infections.

Front Microbiol ; 8: 1104, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28670301


Treating pathogens is becoming challenging because of multidrug resistance and availability of limited alternative therapies which has further confounded this problem. The situation becomes more alarming when multidrug resistant pathogens form a 3D structure known as biofilm. Biofilms are formed in most of the infections especially in chronic infections where it is difficult to eradicate them by conventional antibiotic therapy. Chemically synthesized nanoparticles are known to have antibiofilm activity but in the present study, an attempt was made to use amino acid functionalized silver nanoparticles alone and in combination with gentamicin to eradicate Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm. Amino acid functionalized silver nanoparticles were not only able to disrupt biofilm in vitro but also led to the lowering of gentamicin dose when used in combination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating the application of amino acid functionalized silver nanoparticles in the eradication of young and old K. pneumoniae biofilm.