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1.
Bioact Mater ; 8: 409-419, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541410

RESUMO

Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) has attracted widespread interest in biomedicine, owing to its novel and noninvasive therapeutic method triggered by ultrasound (US). Herein, the Ti3C2 MXene nanosheets (Ti3C2 NSs) are developed as good sonosensitizers via a two-step method of chemical exfoliation and high-temperature treatment. With the high-temperature treatment, the oxygen defect of Ti3C2 MXene nanosheets (H-Ti3C2 NSs) is greatly increased. Therefore, the electron (e-) and hole (h+) generated by US can be separated faster due to the improved degree of oxidation, and then the recombination of e--h+ can be prevented with the abundant oxygen defect under US irradiation, which induced the sonodynamic efficiency greatly to improve around 3.7-fold compared with Ti3C2 NSs without high-temperature treatment. After PEGylation, the H-Ti3C2-PEG NSs show good stability and biocompatibility. In vitro studies exhibit that the inherent property of mild photothermal effect can promote the endocytosis of H-Ti3C2-PEG NSs, which can improve the SDT efficacy. In vivo studies further display that the increased blood supply by the mild photothermal effect can significantly relieve hypoxia in the tumor microenvironment, showing photothermal therapy (PTT) enhanced SDT. Most importantly, the H-Ti3C2-PEG NSs can be biodegraded and excreted out of the body, showing no significant long-term toxicity. Our work develops the defective H-Ti3C2 NSs as high-efficiency and safe sonosensitizers for photothermal-enhanced SDT of cancer, extending the biomedical application of MXene-based nanoplatforms.

2.
EMBO Mol Med ; : e14887, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779126

RESUMO

Early embryonic arrest and fragmentation (EEAF) is a common phenomenon leading to female infertility, but the genetic determinants remain largely unknown. The Moloney sarcoma oncogene (MOS) encodes a serine/threonine kinase that activates the ERK signaling cascade during oocyte maturation in vertebrates. Here, we identified four rare variants of MOS in three infertile female individuals with EEAF that followed a recessive inheritance pattern. These MOS variants encoded proteins that resulted in decreased phosphorylated ERK1/2 level in cells and oocytes, and displayed attenuated rescuing effects on cortical F-actin assembly. Using oocyte-specific Erk1/2 knockout mice, we verified that MOS-ERK signal pathway inactivation in oocytes caused EEAF as human. The RNA sequencing data revealed that maternal mRNA clearance was disrupted in human mature oocytes either with MOS homozygous variant or with U0126 treatment, especially genes relative to mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial dysfunction was observed in oocytes with ERK1/2 deficiency or inactivation. In conclusion, this study not only uncovers biallelic MOS variants causes EEAF but also demonstrates that MOS-ERK signaling pathway drives human oocyte cytoplasmic maturation to prevent EEAF.

4.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the success rate and prenatal outcomes of fresh embryo transfer in women undergoing their first in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment. METHODS: It is a post-hoc analysis of a prospective observational cohort study. 2569 Chinese women were grouped in quintiles of BMI and according to the official Chinese classification of body weight. IVF/ICSI and pregnancy outcomes were compared between groups. RESULTS: BMI was not associated with IVF/ICSI pregnancy outcomes including hCG positive rate, clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, early miscarriage rate, and live birth rate. However, it was negatively related to some pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertension. Additionally, the proportion of Cesarean-section was increased with BMI. As for prenatal outcomes, the current results showed no statistical difference in the number of male and female newborn, the proportion of low live birth weight (<2500 g), macrosomia (≥4000 g) (both in all live birth and full-term live birth), and premature delivery (<37 weeks). CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that BMI was not associated with embryo transfer outcomes after fresh embryo transfer in women undergoing their first IVF/ICSI treatment, whereas BMI was associated with GDM and gestational hypertension.

5.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(1): nwaa122, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691551

RESUMO

Magnetic hyperthermia therapy (MHT) is able to ablate tumors using an alternating magnetic field (AMF) to heat up magnetocaloric agents (e.g. magnetic nanoparticles) administered into the tumors. For clinical applications, there is still a demand to find new magnetocaloric agents with strong AMF-induced heating performance and excellent biocompatibility. As a kind of biocompatible and biodegradable material, magnesium (Mg) and its alloys have been extensively used in the clinic as an implant metal. Herein, we discovered that the eddy thermal effect of the magnesium alloy (MgA) could be employed for MHT to effectively ablate tumors. Under low-field-intensity AMFs, MgA rods could be rapidly heated, resulting in a temperature increase in nearby tissues. Such AMF-induced eddy thermal heating of MgA could not only be used to kill tumor cells in vitro, but also be employed for effective and accurate ablation of tumors in vivo. In addition to killing tumors in mice, we further demonstrated that VX2 tumors of much larger sizes growing in rabbits after implantation of MgA rods could also be eliminated after exposure to an AMF, illustrating the ability of MgA-based MHT to kill large-sized tumors. Moreover, the implanted MgA rods showed excellent biocompatibility and ∼20% of their mass was degraded within three months. Our work thus discovered for the first time that non-magnetic biodegradable MgA, an extensively used implant metal in clinic, could be used for effective magnetic thermal ablation of tumors under a low-field-intensity AMF. Such a strategy could be readily translated into clinical use.

6.
Theranostics ; 11(19): 9234-9242, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646368

RESUMO

Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) triggered by ultrasound (US) can overcome pivotal limitations of photo-therapy owing to its high depth-penetration and low phototoxicity. However, there is still a need to develop more efficient sonosensitizes to enhance the therapy efficiency. Methods: In this study, Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs) are reduced on silicon nanowires (SiNWs) by in situ reduction to prepare Si-Pt nanocomposites (Si-Pt NCs). Results: Si-Pt NCs can produce reactive oxygen radicals (ROS) under ultrasound (US) irradiation, which have sonodynamic therapy (SDT) effect. Meanwhile, Si-Pt NCs can convert excess hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into ROS in the tumor microenvironment, which endow strong chemodynamic therapy (CDT) effect. Taking the advantages of the mesoporous structure of SiNWs, the SDT and CDT effects of Si-Pt NCs are stronger than those of the pure Pt NPs and SiNWs. Besides, the mild photothermal effect of Si-Pt NCs further improves the SDT&CDT activity and realizes the combined cancer therapy. Conclusion: The developed Si-Pt NCs with the ability of photothermal enhanced SDT/CDT combined therapy play a momentous role in the novel cancer treatment.

7.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent preimplantation embryo developmental arrest (RPEA) is the most common cause of assisted reproductive technology treatment failure associated with identified genetic abnormalities. Variants in known maternal genes can only account for 20%-30% of these cases. The underlying genetic causes for the other affected individuals remain unknown. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was performed for 100 independent infertile females that experienced RPEA. Functional characterisations of the identified candidate disease-causative variants were validated by Sanger sequencing, bioinformatics and in vitro functional analyses, and single-cell RNA sequencing of zygotes. RESULTS: Biallelic variants in ZFP36L2 were associated with RPEA and the recurrent variant (p.Ser308_Ser310del) prevented maternal mRNA decay in zygotes and HeLa cells. CONCLUSION: These findings emphasise the relevance of the relationship between maternal mRNA decay and human preimplantation embryo development and highlight a novel gene potentially responsible for RPEA, which may facilitate genetic diagnoses.

8.
Biomaterials ; 277: 121125, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534859

RESUMO

Gallium indium (GaIn) alloy as a kind of liquid metal (LM) with unique chemical and physical properties has attracted increasing attention for its potential biomedical applications. Herein, a series of core-shell GaIn@Metal (Metal: Pt, Au, Ag, and Cu) heterogeneous nanoparticles (NPs) are obtained by a simple in-situ reduction method. Take core-shell GaIn@Pt NPs for example, the synthesized GaIn@Pt NPs after Pt growth on their surface showed significantly improved photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE) and thermal stability under near-infrared (NIR) II light irradiation. Moreover, the core-shell GaIn@Pt NPs also exhibited good Fenton-like catalytic effect due to the presence of Pt on their surface, and could convert tumor endogenous H2O2 to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) for cancer cell killing. With biocompatible polyethylene glycol (PEG) modification, such GaIn@Pt-PEG NPs showed efficient tumor homing after intravenous injection, and could lead to effective NIR II triggered photothermal-chemodynamic synergistic therapy of tumors as evidenced in a mouse tumor model. Our work highlights the ingenious use of the chemical properties of metals, providing a rather simple route for the surface engineering of LM-based multifunctional nanoplatforms to achieve a variety of functionalities.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Camundongos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
9.
J Reprod Immunol ; 147: 103362, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482188

RESUMO

Many factors impede embryonic implantation, and excluding obvious known factors such as chronic endometritis, the immune status of the endometrium may be related to pregnancy. Although an abundantly large number of immune cells infiltrate the endometrium during the secretory phase, whether these immune cells can be used as a predictor of prognosis in ART has not yet been clarified. In the present study we therefore retrospectively analyzed 97 CD138-negative women with a previous fresh-embryo-transfer failure. We assessed the expression of CD56+ uNK cells, CD16+ NK cells, CD57+ NK cells, CD68+ pan-macrophages, CD163+ M2 macrophages, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, FOXP3+ regulatory T cells, and CD19+ B cells in the endometrium by IHC to evaluate mid-luteal endometrial immune cells as prognostic indicators of pregnancy outcome in the next frozen-embryo-transfer cycle. CD19-positive cells and the intraglandular CD163-positivity rate increased significantly in the clinically non-pregnant group (0.47 % vs. 0.20 %, P = 0.021; 61 % vs. 30 %, P = 0.017). The ratios of CD4/CD8 were also higher in the non-pregnant group (1.96 vs. 1.45, P = 0.005).The area under the ROC curve of CD19 cell number alone, the intraglandular CD163-positivity alone, and CD19 number combined with the intraglandular CD163-positivity were 0.692 (95 % CI, 0.55-0.834), 0.661 (95 % CI, 0.514-0.809), and 0.748 (95 % CI, 0.614-0.882), respectively. The optimal cut-off value of CD19 was 0.464 %, and the clinical pregnancy rate and live-birth rate diminished significantly when the CD19 level was above this cut-off value. Our study suggests that CD19-positive cells and intraglandular CD163-positivity can be used as prognostic indicators of pregnancy outcome in CD138-negative patients who experienced first-fresh-embryo transfer failure.

10.
BMC Biol ; 19(1): 200, 2021 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although oocyte quality is the dominant factor determining embryo quality, few studies have been conducted to evaluate embryo quality based on the metabolites related to the oocyte. With quantification of the follicular fluid (FF) metabolites, in assisted reproductive technology (ART), this study sought to evaluate the embryo or oocyte quality through an informative approach. RESULTS: An evaluation model consisting of 17 features was generated to distinguish the embryo quality on day 3 post-fertilization, and phosphatidylcholines (PCs) were the key contributors to the evaluation. The model was extended to the patients under different ages and hyperstimulations, and the features were further enriched to facilitate the evaluation of the embryo quality. The metabolites were clustered through pathway analysis, leading to a hypothesis that accumulation of arachidonic acid induced by PCs might weaken embryo quality on day 3 post-fertilization. CONCLUSIONS: A discriminating model with metabolic features elicited from follicular fluid was established, which enabled the evaluation of the embryo or oocyte quality even under certain clinical conditions, and the increase of PCs in follicular fluid implies the attenuation of embryo quality on day 3 post-fertilization.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is higher in women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment than in women conceiving spontaneously. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the GDM risk after day-3 embryo transfer differs from the GDM risk after day-5 blastocyst transfer. METHODS: Prospective observational study in women becoming pregnant after first fresh embryo or blastocyst transfer. RESULTS: 1579 women got pregnant and had life birth. 1300 women got day three embryo transfer only, whereas 279 women received at least one blastocyst. 252 out of the 1579 women developed GDM. Age, body mass index, baseline estradiol, baseline high-density lipoprotein, and progesterone on the day of hCG injection were not different in women receiving day three embryos only versus women receiving at least one blastocyst. The number and quality of retrieved oocytes were not different in women receiving day 3 embryo transfer (ET) from those receiving blastocysts. Our study confirmed already established GDM risk factors such as age and body mass index, baseline estradiol and high-density lipoprotein, as well as progesterone after ovarian stimulation. We could furthermore demonstrate that the GDM incidence in women receiving day five blastocyst transfer was significantly higher than those who received day three embryo transfer (21.15% vs. 14.85%, P=.009). Considering confounding factors, we likewise saw that blastocyst transfer was an independent procedure-related GDM risk factor (P = 0.009, Exp (B): 1.56, 95% CI: 1.12-2.18). CONCLUSION: Blastocyst transfer after IVF/ICSI increases the risk of developing GDM.

12.
Am J Hum Genet ; 108(8): 1466-1477, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237282

RESUMO

Multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF)-induced asthenoteratozoospermia is a common cause of male infertility. Previous studies have identified several MMAF-associated genes, highlighting the condition's genetic heterogeneity. To further define the genetic causes underlying MMAF, we performed whole-exome sequencing in a cohort of 643 Chinese MMAF-affected men. Bi-allelic DNAH10 variants were identified in five individuals with MMAF from four unrelated families. These variants were either rare or absent in public population genome databases and were predicted to be deleterious by multiple bioinformatics tools. Morphological and ultrastructural analyses of the spermatozoa obtained from men harboring bi-allelic DNAH10 variants revealed striking flagellar defects with the absence of inner dynein arms (IDAs). DNAH10 encodes an axonemal IDA heavy chain component that is predominantly expressed in the testes. Immunostaining analysis indicated that DNAH10 localized to the entire sperm flagellum of control spermatozoa. In contrast, spermatozoa from the men harboring bi-allelic DNAH10 variants exhibited an absence or markedly reduced staining intensity of DNAH10 and other IDA components, including DNAH2 and DNAH6. Furthermore, the phenotypes were recapitulated in mouse models lacking Dnah10 or expressing a disease-associated variant, confirming the involvement of DNAH10 in human MMAF. Altogether, our findings in humans and mice demonstrate that DNAH10 is essential for sperm flagellar assembly and that deleterious bi-allelic DNAH10 variants can cause male infertility with MMAF. These findings will provide guidance for genetic counseling and insights into the diagnosis of MMAF-associated asthenoteratozoospermia.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia/complicações , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dineínas/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/patologia , Mutação , Fenótipo , Espermatozoides/patologia , Alelos , Animais , Homozigoto , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 680640, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262452

RESUMO

Objective: According to the treatment records of Yang deficiency syndrome (YDS) with characteristic decoction pieces of lateral root of Aconitum carmichaelii-Yinfupian (YF) in traditional Chinese medicine prepare school, known as "Jianchangbang". The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the composition and therapeutic mechanism of the unprocessed lateral root of Aconitum carmichaelii (ULRA) and its processed product (YF). Methods: Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis method were used to determine and screen the main components of ULRA and YF. Changes in the histological structure and morphology of gonads in rats were observed using hematoxylin-eosin. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the contents of serum cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate in YDS rats treated with ULRA and YF. Tandem mass tag proteomics analysis was used to identify the differentially expressed proteins in YDS rats treated with ULRA and YF. Results: Both ULRA and YF exerted certain therapeutic effects on rats with YDS. They improved the gonadal morphology and increased the contents of serum cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate. After processing of ULRA into YF, the content of C19-diester-diterpenoid alkaloids decreased (converted into C19-monoester-diterpenoid alkaloids and C19-alkylol amine-diterpenoid alkaloids), whereas that of C20-diterpene alkaloids increased. Proteomics analysis showed that cytochrome P450 and aldehyde oxidase 3 (AOX3) were downregulated, whereas cathepsin G (CTSG) was upregulated in rats with YDS. Treatment with ULRA mainly downregulated the expression of α-actinin, fast skeletal troponin, creatine kinase, and myosin. Treatment with YF mainly upregulated the expression of mitochondrial ribosomal protein and mitochondrial inner membrane protein. Conclusion: ULRA and YF exerted good therapeutic effects on YDS; the main difference in components between these preparations was in C19-diterpenoid alkaloids. ULRA mainly acts on the muscle contraction-related proteins and is closely related to inflammation and myocardial injury. YF mainly acts on the mitochondrial proteins and is closely related to adenosine triphosphate energy metabolism.

14.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 43(2): 215-222, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193357

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the incidence of complex mosaic in preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) blastocysts and can it be managed in clinical practice? DESIGN: A retrospective study of PGT cycles conducted between January 2018 and October 2019 at a single centre. Biopsies of blastocysts were collected and analysed by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Complex mosaic blastocysts were defined as those with three or more mosaic chromosomes. The cryopreserved complex mosaic blastocysts underwent a second round of biopsy, NGS analysis and vitrification. The euploid blastocysts identified by the re-biopsy were warmed again for embryo transfer. The main outcomes included the prevalence of the complex mosaic and the ongoing pregnancy rate. RESULTS: The prevalence of the complex mosaic was 2.4% (437/17,979). The prevalence of the complex mosaic was not associated with maternal age and morphological quality. A total of 89 complex mosaic blastocysts underwent re-biopsy and 96.6% (86/89) survived the first warming. For the re-biopsy samples, 61.6% (53/86) were euploid. The poor-quality blastocysts had higher rates of aneuploidy compared with good-quality blastocysts. The survival rate for blastocysts undergoing the second warming was 100% (18/18) and resulted in an ongoing pregnancy rate of 38.9% (7/18) as well as the birth of six healthy infants. CONCLUSION: Re-biopsy may rescue blastocysts with development potential for transfer and improve the cumulative pregnancy rate per stimulation cycle in patients containing complex mosaic blastocysts.

15.
Org Lett ; 23(15): 6084-6089, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286983

RESUMO

Herein we disclose the first example of the formal hydroacylation reactions of vinyl epoxides with chelating aldehydes enabled by rhodium catalysis for the efficient construction of functionalized esters. Detailed investigations of the mechanistic pathway reveal that the presence of a 2-vinyl group is essential in contributing to the success of this regioselective reaction, which might proceed through ß-carbon cleavage as the key procedure.

16.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(19): 4990-4997, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307549

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the infection of a novel coronavirus [severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)], has become a pandemic. The infection has resulted in about one hundred million COVID-19 cases and millions of deaths. Although SARS-CoV-2 mainly spreads through the air and impairs the function of the respiratory system, it also attacks the gastrointestinal epithelial cells through the same receptor, angiotensin converting enzyme 2 receptor, which results in gastroenteric symptoms and potential fecal-oral transmission. Besides the infection of SARS-CoV-2, the treatments of COVID-19 also contribute to the gastroenteric manifestations due to the adverse drug reactions of anti-COVID-19 drugs. In this review, we update the clinical features, basic studies, and clinical practices of COVID-19-associated gastroenteric manifestations.

17.
Front Genet ; 12: 690070, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093671

RESUMO

Background: Empty follicle syndrome (EFS) is defined as the complete failure to retrieve oocytes after ovarian stimulation. Although several mutations in ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and LHCGR have been identified as genetic causes of EFS, its pathogenesis is still not well-understood. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was employed to identify the candidate pathogenic mutations, which were then verified by Sanger sequencing. A study in CHO-K1 cells was performed to analyze the effect of the mutation on protein expression. Additionally, immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was used to examine follicular development and zona pellucida (ZP) assembly in the ovary of an EFS patient. Results: A novel heterozygous deletion in ZP3 (c.565_579del[p.Thr189_Gly193del]) was identified in the EFS patient. It was inherited dominantly and resulted in significant degradation of the ZP3 protein. Oocytes with degenerated cytoplasm and abnormal ZP assembly were observed in follicles up to the secondary stage, and many empty follicle-like structures were present. Conclusion: We identified a novel ZP3 mutation that expands the mutational spectrum associated with human EFS. We also showed the abnormal follicular development and ZP assembly of the EFS patient with the heterozygous ZP3 mutation, which provides new insights into the pathogenesis of EFS.

18.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 9(5): e1662, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mosaicism poses challenges for genetic counseling and preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disorders (PGT-M). NGS-based PGT-M has been extensively used to prevent the transmission of monogenic defects, but it has not been evaluated in the application of PGT-M resulting from mosaicism. METHODS: Four women suspected of mosaicism were confirmed by ultra-deep sequencing. Blastocyst trophectoderm cells and polar bodies were collected for whole genome amplification, followed by pathogenic variants detection and haplotype analysis based on NGS. The embryos free of the monogenic disorders were transplantable. RESULTS: Ultra-deep sequencing confirmed that the four women harbored somatic mosaic variants, with the proportion of variant cells at 1.12%, 9.0%, 27.60%, and 91.03%, respectively. A total of 25 blastocysts were biopsied and detected during four PGT cycles and 5 polar bodies were involved in one cycle additionally. For each couple, a wild-type embryo was successfully transplanted and confirmed by prenatal diagnosis, resulting in the birth of four healthy infants. CONCLUSIONS: Mosaic variants could be effectively evaluated via ultra-deep sequencing, and could be prevented the transmission by PGT. Our work suggested that an NGS-based PGT approach, involving pathogenic variants detection combined with haplotype analysis, is crucial for accurate PGT-M with mosaicism.

19.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 38(9): 2261-2272, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970371

RESUMO

PURPOSE: TUBB8 is a gene that is frequently analysed in the genetic diagnosis of female infertility; 102 variants of this gene have been identified. However, the evaluation of its pathogenicity and the resulting phenotypes vary. Here, we aimed to identify novel TUBB8 variants as well as to summarize the reported variants and phenotypes in order for them to be included in genetic counselling analyses. METHODS: We performed whole exome sequencing to screen for candidate variants in 100 infertile female subjects and 100 controls who were able to conceive naturally. All variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The effects of the variants in oocytes/arrested embryos were assessed by morphological observations, polar body biopsies, and chromosome analysis. A molecular modelling analysis was used to evaluate the possible effects of variants on protein secondary structure. RESULTS: We identified 29 TUBB8 variants, of which 20 were novel and five were maternally inherited. We identified three of a total of six recurrent variants that were specific for complete cleavage failure. Moreover, we obtained evidence that TUBB8 variants with large polar bodies had chromosome segregation errors. CONCLUSIONS: Our study expands the spectrum of TUBB8 variants, particularly for embryonic arrest. Together with the extant knowledge of TUBB8 variants, this study provides a foundation for the genetic counselling of female infertility.

20.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 43(1): 73-80, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931368

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the genetic cause of multiple congenital disabilities in a girl with a maternal balanced X-autosome translocation [t(X-A)]? Is preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), to distinguish non-carrier from euploid/balanced embryos and prioritize transfer, an effective and applicable strategy for couples with t(X-A)? DESIGN: Karyotype analysis, whole-exome sequencing and X inactivation analysis were performed for a girl with congenital cardiac anomalies, language impairment and mild neurodevelopmental delay. PGT based on next-generation sequencing after microdissecting junction region (MicroSeq) to distinguish non-carrier and carrier embryos was used in three couples with a female t(X-A) carrier (cases 1-3). RESULTS: The girl carried a maternal balanced translocation 46,X,t(X;1)(q28;p31.1). Whole-exome sequencing revealed no monogenic mutation related to her phenotype, but she carried a rare skewed inactivation of the translocated X chromosome that spread to the adjacent interstitial 1p segment, contrary to her mother. All translocation breakpoints in cases 1-3 were successfully identified and each couple underwent one PGT cycle. Thirty oocytes were retrieved, and 13 blastocysts were eligible for biopsy, of which six embryos had a balanced translocation and only four were non-carriers. Three cryopreserved embryo transfers with non-carrier status embryos resulted in the birth of two healthy children (one girl and one boy), who were subsequently confirmed to have normal karyotypes. CONCLUSIONS: This study reported a girl with multiple congenital disabilities associated with a maternal balanced t(X-A) and verified that the distinction between non-carrier and carrier embryos is an effective and applicable strategy to avoid transferring genetic and reproductive risks to the offspring of t(X-A) carriers.

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