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1.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696999

RESUMO

To assess the spectrum of pediatric clinical phenotypes in TJP2 disease, we reviewed records of our 7 patients in whom intrahepatic cholestasis was associated with biallelic TJP2 variants (13; 12 novel) and correlated clinical manifestations with mutation type. The effect of a splicing variant was analyzed with a minigene assay. The effects of 3 missense variants were analyzed with protein expression in vitro. Our patients had both remitting and persistent cholestasis. Three exhibited growth retardation. Six responded to treatment with cholestyramine, ursodeoxycholic acid, or both. Two had cholecystolithiasis. None required liver transplantation or developed hepatocellular or cholangiocellular malignancy. None manifested extrahepatic disease not attributable to effects of cholestasis. The variant c.2180-5T>G resulted in exon 15 skipping with in-frame deletion of 32 amino acid residues in TJP2. The 3 missense variants decreased but did not abolish TJP2 expression. Patients with truncating or canonical splice-site variants had clinically more severe disease. Conclusion: TJP2 disease in children includes a full clinical spectrum of severity, with mild or intermittent forms as well as the severe and minimal forms hitherto described. Biallelic TJP2 variants must be considered in children with clinically intermittent or resolved intrahepatic cholestasis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584087

RESUMO

Animal-ImputeDB (http://gong_lab.hzau.edu.cn/Animal_ImputeDB/) is a public database with genomic reference panels of 13 animal species for online genotype imputation, genetic variant search, and free download. Genotype imputation is a process of estimating missing genotypes in terms of the haplotypes and genotypes in a reference panel. It can effectively increase the density of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and thus can be widely used in large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs) using relatively inexpensive and low-density SNP arrays. However, most animals except humans lack high-quality reference panels, which greatly limits the application of genotype imputation in animals. To overcome this limitation, we developed Animal-ImputeDB, which is dedicated to collecting genotype data and whole-genome resequencing data of nonhuman animals from various studies and databases. A computational pipeline was developed to process different types of raw data to construct reference panels. Finally, 13 high-quality reference panels including ∼400 million SNPs from 2265 samples were constructed. In Animal-ImputeDB, an easy-to-use online tool consisting of two popular imputation tools was designed for the purpose of genotype imputation. Collectively, Animal-ImputeDB serves as an important resource for animal genotype imputation and will greatly facilitate research on animal genomic selection and genetic improvement.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629473

RESUMO

Loss of glomerular podocytes is the crucial event in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs), a newfangled branch of small non-coding RNA (sncRNA), recently reported to play a vital part in several diseases. In present study, we aimed to detect and reveal the role of tRFs in podocyte differentiation. The expression levels of tRFs between undifferentiated and differentiated podocytes were sequenced by illumina nextseq 500, and further verified by quantitative RT-PCR. 69 upregulated and 70 downregulated tRFs in total were singled out (Fold change > 2, P < 0.05). Gene ontology (GO) analysis indicated they are involved in the biological processes of transcription, DNA-templated, positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter, angiogenesis, cell adhesion. Besides, KEGG analysis suggested that these differentially tRFs are associated with PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and Wnt signaling pathway. Therefore, the differentially tRFs might regulate the differentiation of podocyte and the process of CKD. The functions and mechanisms of tRFs in podocytes are needed to be further explored.

4.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4562, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594934

RESUMO

Enhancer RNA (eRNA) is a type of noncoding RNA transcribed from the enhancer. Although critical roles of eRNA in gene transcription control have been increasingly realized, the systemic landscape and potential function of eRNAs in cancer remains largely unexplored. Here, we report the integration of multi-omics and pharmacogenomics data across large-scale patient samples and cancer cell lines. We observe a cancer-/lineage-specificity of eRNAs, which may be largely driven by tissue-specific TFs. eRNAs are involved in multiple cancer signaling pathways through putatively regulating their target genes, including clinically actionable genes and immune checkpoints. They may also affect drug response by within-pathway or cross-pathway means. We characterize the oncogenic potential and therapeutic liability of one eRNA, NET1e, supporting the clinical feasibility of eRNA-targeted therapy. We identify a panel of clinically relevant eRNAs and developed a user-friendly data portal. Our study reveals the transcriptional landscape and clinical utility of eRNAs in cancer.

5.
Cell Transplant ; : 963689719874048, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526054

RESUMO

Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is a common complication that results from treatment with mechanical ventilation (MV) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. The present study investigated the effect of endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation on VILI. Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 8): sham (S), VILI model (V) induced by tidal volume ventilation (17 mL/kg), and VILI plus EPC transplantation (VE) groups. The lung PaO2/FiO2 ratio, pulmonary wet-to-dry (W/D) weight ratio, number of neutrophils, total protein, neutrophil elastase level, and inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and serum were examined. Furthermore, the histological and apoptotic analysis, and lung tissue protein expression analysis of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, total nuclear factor kappa B (total-NF-κB), phosphorylated NF-κB (phospho-NF-κB) and myosin light chain (MLC) were performed. The ventilation-induced decrease in PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and the increase in W/D ratio and total protein concentration were prevented by the EPC transplantation. The EPC transplantation (VE group) significantly attenuated the VILI-induced increased expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-8, MMP-9, phospho-NF-κB and MLC, neutrophil elastase levels and neutrophil counts in BALF. In addition, the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 increased in the VE group. Furthermore, pulmonary histological injury and apoptosis (TUNEL-positive cells, increase in Bax and cleaved caspase-3) were considerably diminished by the EPC transplantation. The EPC transplantation ameliorated the VILI. The mechanism may be primarily through the improvement of epithelial permeability, inhibition of local and systemic inflammation, and reduction in apoptosis.

6.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511885

RESUMO

Alternative polyadenylation (APA) is an important post-transcriptional regulation that recognizes different polyadenylation signals (PASs), resulting in transcripts with different 3' untranslated regions, thereby influencing a series of biological processes and functions. Recent studies have revealed that some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could contribute to tumorigenesis and development through dysregulating APA. However, the associations between SNPs and APA in human cancers remain largely unknown. Here, using genotype and APA data of 9082 samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and The Cancer 3'UTR Altas (TC3A), we systematically identified SNPs affecting APA events across 32 cancer types and defined them as APA quantitative trait loci (apaQTLs). As a result, a total of 467 942 cis-apaQTLs and 30 721 trans-apaQTLs were identified. By integrating apaQTLs with survival and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data, we further identified 2154 apaQTLs associated with patient survival time and 151 342 apaQTLs located in GWAS loci. In addition, we designed an online tool to predict the effects of SNPs on PASs by utilizing PAS motif prediction tool. Finally, we developed SNP2APA, a user-friendly and intuitive database (http://gong_lab.hzau.edu.cn/SNP2APA/) for data browsing, searching, and downloading. SNP2APA will significantly improve our understanding of genetic variants and APA in human cancers.

7.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479177

RESUMO

The typical phenotype of arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction, and cholestasis (ARC) syndrome involves three cardinal symptoms as the name describes, harboring biallelic mutations on VPS33B or VIPAS39. Except for ARC syndrome, low gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) cholestasis often implies hereditary hepatopathy of different severity; however, some remain undiagnosed. Several monogenic defects typically with multiorgan manifestations may only present liver dysfunction at times, such as DGUOK defect and AGL defect. Previously, four VPS33B mutated cases were reported without arthrogryposis, or with less severe symptoms and longer lifespan, indicating the possibility of incomplete ARC phenotype of isolated hepatopathy. So we retrospectively reviewed all patients with confirmed VPS33B/VIPARS39 defect in our center and identified three presenting isolated low-GGT cholestasis with intractable pruritus. Distinguished from others with typical ARC phenotype, these patients did not suffer the other two typical characteristics, survived much longer, and shared a novel missense VPS33B variation c.1726T>C, p.Cys576Arg, causing declined protein expression and abolished interaction with VIPAS39 in-vitro. Serum bile acid profiles of our VPS33B/VIPAS39 mutated patients revealed similar changes to primary defect of bile salt export pump, among which those with isolated cholestasis phenotype had a higher level of total secondary bile acids than that with typical ARC phenotype, indicating the partial residual function of VPS33B.

8.
RNA Biol ; : 1-6, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432762

RESUMO

Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) play critical roles in human cancer. Currently, no database provides the expression landscape and clinical relevance of tRNAs across a variety of human cancers. Utilizing miRNA-seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we quantified the relative expression of tRNA genes and merged them into the codon level and amino level across 31 cancer types. The expression of tRNAs is associated with clinical features of patient smoking history and overall survival, and disease stage, subtype, and grade. We further analysed codon frequency and amino acid frequency for each protein coding gene and linked alterations of tRNA expression with protein translational efficiency. We include these data resources in a user-friendly data portal, tRic (tRNA in cancer, https://hanlab.uth.edu/tRic/ or http://bioinfo.life.hust.edu.cn/tRic/ ), which can be of significant interest to the research community.

9.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 135, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382973

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Results from studies of internal mammary lymph node sentinel biopsy are inconsistent. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane database, and Clinical Trials. Studies reporting the rate of internal mammary lymph node sentinel biopsy (IMN-SLNB) positivity were identified. We performed pooled proportion meta-analysis using random-effects meta-analyses. The correlation of IMN and axillary lymph node (AXN) metastasis was also investigated. RESULTS: After application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 18 articles (total number of patients = 2427) were included. The pooled estimate for IMN-SLNB positivity rate was 15% (95% confidence interval (CI) 12-17%). Significant between-study heterogeneity was observed. Our results indicate that axillary lymph node metastasis is a strong predictor of IMN involvement (OR 6.01, 95% CI, 3.49, 10.34). CONCLUSION: Internal mammary lymph nodes metastasis might be underestimated. Patients with positive axillary lymph nodes have a higher risk of internal lymph nodes metastasis. As a result, IMN-SLNB might be considered in these patients. Future work needs to be done to assess whether pathological confirmed IMN metastasis can affect patients' survival.

10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 117: 109194, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) is a major complication after lung transplantation. Annexin A1 (AnxA1) ameliorates inflammation in various injured organs. This study aimed to determine the effects and mechanism of AnxA1 on LIRI after lung transplantation. METHODS: Thirty-two rats were randomized into sham, saline, Ac2-26 and Ac2-26/L groups. Rats in the saline, Ac2-26 and Ac2-26/L groups underwent left lung transplantation and received saline, Ac2-26, and Ac2-26/L-NIO, respectively. After 24 h of reperfusion, serum and transplanted lung tissues were examined. RESULTS: The partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) was increased in the Ac2-26 group compared to that in the saline group but was decreased by L-NIO treatment. In the Ac2-26 group, the wet-to-dry (W/D) weight ratios, total protein concentrations, proinflammatory factors and inducible nitric oxide synthase levels were notably decreased, but the concentrations of anti-inflammatory factors and endothelial nitric oxide synthase levels were significantly increased. Ac2-26 attenuated histological injury and cell apoptosis, and this improvement was reversed by L-NIO. CONCLUSIONS: Ac2-26 reduced LIRI and improved alveoli-capillary permeability by inhibiting oxygen stress, inflammation and apoptosis. The protective effect of Ac2-26 on LIRI largely depended on the endothelial nitric oxide synthase pathway.

11.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410488

RESUMO

Numerous studies indicate that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have critical functions across biological processes, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could contribute to diseases or traits through influencing ncRNA expression. However, the associations between SNPs and ncRNA expression are largely unknown. Therefore, genome-wide expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis to assess the effects of SNPs on ncRNA expression, especially in multiple cancer types, will help to understand how risk alleles contribute toward tumorigenesis and cancer development. Using genotype data and expression profiles of ncRNAs of >8700 samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we developed a computational pipeline to systematically identify ncRNA-related eQTLs (ncRNA-eQTLs) across 33 cancer types. We identified a total of 6 133 278 and 721 122 eQTL-ncRNA pairs in cis-eQTL and trans-eQTL analyses, respectively. Further survival analyses identified 8312 eQTLs associated with patient survival times. Furthermore, we linked ncRNA-eQTLs to genome-wide association study (GWAS) data and found 262 332 ncRNA-eQTLs overlapping with known disease- and trait-associated loci. Finally, a user-friendly database, ncRNA-eQTL (http://ibi.hzau.edu.cn/ncRNA-eQTL), was developed for free searching, browsing and downloading of all ncRNA-eQTLs. We anticipate that such an integrative and comprehensive resource will improve our understanding of the mechanistic basis of human complex phenotypic variation, especially for ncRNA- and cancer-related studies.

12.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 27(5): 773-803, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Radiogenomics investigates radiographic imaging phenotypes associated with gene expression patterns. This study aims to explore relationships between CT imaging radiomics features and gene expression data in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Eighty-nine NSCLC patients are included in the study. Radiomics features are extracted and selected to quantify the phenotype of tumors on CT-scans. Co-expressed genes are also clustered and the first principal component of the cluster is represented, which is defined as a metagene. Then, statistical analysis was performed to assess association of CT radiomics features with metagenes. In addition, predictive models are built and metagene enrichment are conducted to further evaluate performance of NSCLC radiogenomics statistically and biologically. RESULTS: There are 187 significant pairwise correlations between a CT radiomics feature and a metagene of NSCLC, where eighteen metagenes are annotated with Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) terms. Metagenes are predicted in terms of radiomics features with an accuracy of 41.89% -89.93%. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the associations between CT imaging radiomics features and NSCLC co-expressed gene sets. The findings suggest that CT radiomics features can reflect important biological information of NSCLC patients, which may have a significant clinical impact as CT is routinely used in clinical practice, assisting in improving medical decision-support at low cost.

13.
Infect Genet Evol ; 75: 103984, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369864

RESUMO

Fasciolosis, a foodborne zoonotic disease, caused by Fasciola species which is considered an important problem for human health and livestock husbandry development. Snails are intermediate hosts of F. hepatica, the epidemiological surveillance of snails can evaluate the transmission risk of this disease in human and livestock. In this study, we developed a nest-polymerase chain reaction (nest-PCR) to detect the DNA of F. hepatica in Radix cucunorica, a prevalent intermediate host of this parasite in northwestern China. The nest-PCR was used to amplify a 208 bp fragment of the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) of F. hepatica with two pairs of primers. The method was able to detect up to 0.16 fg genomic DNA in a 25 µL PCR reaction system even effected with high concentrations of snail DNA, and no cross reaction was observed from the genomic DNA of Paramphistomum cervi, Clonorchis sinensis, Orientobilharzia turkestanicum, Metorchis orientalis, Dicrocoelium chinensis. To evaluate the transmission risk of this disease, 409 snail samples collected from different areas of Gansu province were used to detect and analyze the transmission risk of F. hepatica in this area. Of 409 snail samples, the overall prevalence is 43.76%. The prevalence was 92.75% in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, while no snail was positive for F. hepatica in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture. The nest-PCR was firstly used to detect the infection of F. hepatica in snail. It is a novel, useful and convenient method with high sensitivity and specificity. This study is the first report about the epidemiological surveillance of snail infection by F. hepatica in northwestern China, which will help to evaluate the transmission risk of F. hepatica in northwestern China.

14.
Schizophr Res ; 212: 6-14, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387828

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the relationship between autistic and schizotypal traits in the non-clinical population. We first conducted a meta-analysis to quantify the correlation between self-reported autistic traits and the three dimensions of schizotypal traits (positive, negative and disorganization). The strongest correlation was found between autistic traits and negative schizotypal traits (r = 0.536, 95% CI [0.481, 0.586]), followed by the disorganization (r = 0.355, 95% CI [0.304, 0.404]) and positive (r = 0.256, 95% CI [0.208, 0.302]) dimensions. To visualize the partial correlations between dimensional behavioural traits, we constructed a network model based on a large sample of college students (N = 2469). Negative schizotypal traits were strongly correlated with autistic social/communicative deficits, whereas positive schizotypal traits were inversely correlated with autistic-like traits, lending support to the psychosis-autism diametrical model. Disentangling the overlapping and diametrical structure of autism and schizophrenia may help to elucidate the aetiology of these two neurodevelopmental disorders.

15.
Pediatr Res ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic defects account for a substantial proportion of pediatric cholestasis. This study explored the molecular findings in a large cohort of Chinese patients with inherited cholestasis. METHODS: Between January 2012 and June 2016, 809 Chinese pediatric patients with suspected inherited intrahepatic cholestasis were evaluated by Sanger sequencing and/or panel sequencing. RESULTS: Of the 809 patients, 273 (33.7%) obtained a genetic diagnosis. The rate of positive genetic diagnosis in patients with disease onset at 0-3 month of age was higher than that in patients with disease onset at 4 month of age or later. There were 17 distinct genetic defects diagnosed. The top 4 resulted from mutations in SLC25A13 (44.3%), JAG1 (24.5%), ABCB11 (11.0%), and ATP8B1 (5.9%). All 17 genetic disorders were diagnosed in patients with disease onset at 0-3 months of age; but only 5 were diagnosed in patients with disease onset beyond 4 months of age. A total of 217 distinct pathogenic variants, including 41 novel variants, were identified. Ten recurrent mutations were detected in SLC25A13, ATP8B1, and CYP27A1. They accounted for 48.2% of the total 477 mutant alleles. CONCLUSIONS: There were 17 distinct genetic disorders diagnosed in Chinese pediatric patients with inherited cholestasis.

16.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 120, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zinc therapy is considered an effective and safe treatment for Wilson's disease. Hypocupremia-related anemia is rarely reported after long-term zinc administration or combination therapy with copper-chelating agent. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report a 12-year-old girl with pre-symptomatic Wilson's disease diagnosed 5 years ago who presented with severe anemia after high-dose oral zinc for 4 years and 4 months. Her hemoglobin was gradually restored to the normal range after the adjustment of zinc dose and diet therapy for 4 months. A review of the literature revealed eight patients with hypocupremia-associated anemia following zinc therapy for Wilson's disease, including 7 adults and 1 child. The only child patient was a 16-year-old boy, in whom the zinc therapy was succession to penicillamine administration. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report worldwide that a child developed severe anemia following high-dose single zinc administration for Wilson's disease. It highlights the importance of regular follow-up during zinc treatment and the involvement of specialists in the long-term management of Wilson's disease. We hope that this will alert pediatricians the issue of zinc over-treatment.

17.
Exp Lung Res ; 45(7): 209-219, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347410

RESUMO

Purpose: Mechanical ventilation (MV) is an essential life support tool for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, MV for ARDS can result in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). This study aimed to assess whether alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) can reduce VILI in ARDS rats. Materials and Methods: Rats were randomly divided into five groups: the sham (S) group, MV (V) group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (L) group, MV/LPS (VL) group and MV/AAT (VA) group. Rats in the S group were anesthetized. The rats in the L group received LPS but not ventilation, the rats in the V group received only MV, and the rats in the VL and VA groups received LPS and MV. Additionally, the rats in the VA group were treated with AAT, and the other rats were injected with saline. The PaO2/FiO2 ratio and the wet/dry weight were assessed. The total protein and neutrophil elastase concentrations and the neutrophil and macrophage counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were evaluated. Proinflammatory factors in BALF and ICAM-1 and MIP-2 in serum were also tested. Furthermore, the oxidative stress response was detected, and histological injury and apoptosis were evaluated. Results: All the rats in the V, L and VL groups had significant lung injury, with the VL group exhibiting the most severe injury. Compared with the findings in the VL group, AAT significantly upregulated the PaO2/FiO2 ratio but decreased the wet/dry weight ratio and protein levels in BALF. AAT also reduced proinflammatory cytokine levels and inflammatory cell counts in BALF. Lung tissue injury and cell apoptosis were mitigated by AAT. Conclusions: AAT ameliorated VILI in ARDS rats. The protection conferred by AAT may be associated with the anti-inflammatory, antioxidative stress response and anti-apoptotic effects of AAT.

18.
EMBO J ; 38(14): e100978, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304625

RESUMO

Viral infection triggers the formation of mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) aggregates, which potently promote immune signaling. Autophagy plays an important role in controlling MAVS-mediated antiviral signaling; however, the exact molecular mechanism underlying the targeted autophagic degradation of MAVS remains unclear. Here, we investigated the mechanism by which RNF34 regulates immunity and mitophagy by targeting MAVS. RNF34 binds to MAVS in the mitochondrial compartment after viral infection and negatively regulates RIG-I-like receptor (RLR)-mediated antiviral immunity. Moreover, RNF34 catalyzes the K27-/K29-linked ubiquitination of MAVS at Lys 297, 311, 348, and 362 Arg, which serves as a recognition signal for NDP52-dependent autophagic degradation. Specifically, RNF34 initiates the K63- to K27-linked ubiquitination transition on MAVS primarily at Lys 311, which facilitates the autophagic degradation of MAVS upon RIG-I stimulation. Notably, RNF34 is required for the clearance of damaged mitochondria upon viral infection. Thus, we elucidated the mechanism by which RNF34-mediated autophagic degradation of MAVS regulates the innate immune response, mitochondrial homeostasis, and infection.

19.
J Clin Pathol ; 72(11): 748-754, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262952

RESUMO

AIMS: Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is a newly recognised entity in the WHO 2016 classification defined as the germline mutation of FH gene. Fumaratehydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-deficient RCC) is recommended for tumours with FH deficiency but lacking of genetic evidences of FH germline mutation. In this study, we described the clinicopathological and molecular changes of 13 FH-deficient RCCs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Histology features, clinicopathological data, radiology performance and outcomes were collected for each patient. Next-generation sequencing and DNA sequencing of FH gene were performed to examine FH mutations. The patient group included five females and eight males. Different morphological patterns of papillary, nested, adenoid, foam adenoid, cribriform, tubular, tubulocystic, cystic and loose oedema stroma were observed. Except typical big nuclei with or without eosinophilic nucleoli and perinucleolar halos, raisin-like, hobnail-like and even low-grade nuclei were also observed in these tumours. Eleven cases with high-grade nuclei showed disease progression or death, but no disease progression was detected in two cases with low-grade nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm. FH expression was absent in tumour cells except for case 11. Next-generation sequencing and DNA sequencing verified seven FH germline mutations and four somatic mutations out of 13 cases. CONCLUSIONS: FH-deficient RCC is a rare renal tumour and has a wide morphological spectrum. Most of the tumours had high-grade nuclei and were aggressive. However, we observed a morphological subtype of FH-deficient RCC with low-grade nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, which might mainly occur in young women and show a relatively good prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Fumarato Hidratase/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/deficiência , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/enzimologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Núcleo Celular/patologia , Citoplasma/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Fumarato Hidratase/deficiência , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Renais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Fenótipo
20.
J Viral Hepat ; 26(10): 1178-1185, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177598

RESUMO

The SLC10A1 Ser267Phe (S267F) variant has been reported to severely inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and taurocholate transport activity. This study aimed to clarify the effects of this variant on HBV infection and bile acid metabolism. SLC10A1 S267F was genotyped in 2907 HBV-exposed subjects (including HBV persistent carriers and spontaneously recovered subjects) and 1364 unexposed subjects (HBV marker-negative subjects), followed by replication I, comprising 914 exposed subjects and 1123 unexposed subjects, and replication II, comprising 355 children born to HBsAg-positive mothers (226 HBV-infected children and 129 controls). Intriguingly, SLC10A1 AA was observed only in the unexposed group, but not in the exposed group. The SLC10A1 A allele consistently decreased HBV infection risk compared with the G allele (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.64-0.90 in combined samples). In addition, children with the SLC10A1 GA genotype had a reduced risk of perinatal transmission (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.14-0.71). Moreover, unexposed subjects with the SLC10A1 AA genotype exhibited decreased serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to those with the GG or GA genotypes (P = 2.975 × 10-4 and 0.004, respectively). The study highlighted the role of the SLC10A1 S267F variant in the loss of the ability to support HBV infection and taurocholate transport activity. Subjects with the AA genotype may escape from HBV infection and present decreased cholesterol levels as a consequence of impaired bile acid uptake.

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