Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 309
Filtrar
1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 232: 123481, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731690

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the gastroprotective effect of Evodiae fructus polysaccharide (EFP) against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in mice. Biochemical indexes along with untargeted serum and liver metabolomics were determined. Results showed that pre-treatment of EFP alleviated ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in mice. EFP lessened oxidative stress and inflammation levels of stomachs, showing as increments of SOD and GSH-Px activities, GSH content and IL-10 level, and reductions of MDA and IL-6 levels. Meanwhile, EFP activated the Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway through increasing Nrf2 and HO-1 protein expressions, and decreasing Keap1 protein expression. Serum and liver metabolomics analyses indicated that 10 metabolic potential biomarkers were identified among normal control, ulcer control and 200 mg/kg·bw of EFP groups, which were related to 5 enriched metabolic pathways including vitamin B6 metabolism, nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, pentose phosphate pathway, bile secretion and ascorbate and aldarate metabolism. Further pearson's correlation analysis indicated that there were some positive and negative correlations between the biomarkers and the biochemical indexes. It could be concluded that the gastroprotection of EFP might be related to anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation, activation of Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and alteration of metabolic pathways. This study supports the potential application of EFP in preventing ethanol-induced gastric ulcer.

2.
Crit Rev Biotechnol ; : 1-19, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642423

RESUMO

Nowadays, rapidly increasing production, use and disposable of plastic products has become one of the utmost environmental issues. Our current circumstances in which the food supply chain is demonstrated as containing plastic particles and other plastic-based impurities, represents a significant health risk to humans, animals, and environmental alike. According to this point of view, biodegradable plastic material aims to produce a more sustainable and greener world with a lower ecological impact. Bioplastics are being investigated as an environmentally friendly candidate to address this problem and hence global bioplastic production has seen significant growth and expansion in recent years. This article focuses on a few critical issues that must be addressed for bioplastic production to become commercially viable. Although the reduction of fruit and vegetable waste biomass has an apparent value in terms of environmental benefits and sustainability, commercial success at industrial scale has remained flat. This is due to various factors, including biomass feedstocks, pretreatment technologies, enzymatic hydrolysis, and scale-up issues in the industry, all of which contribute to high capital and operating costs. This review paper summarizes the global overview of bioplastics derived from fruit and vegetable waste biomass. Furthermore, economic and technical challenges associated with industrialization and diverse applications of bioplastics in biomedical, agricultural, and food-packaging fields due to their excellent biocompatibility properties are reviewed.HighlightsReview of the diverse types and characteristics of sustainability of biobased plasticsImproved pretreatment technologies can develop to enhance greater yieldEnzyme hydrolysis process used for bioplastic extraction & hasten industrial scale-upFocus on technical challenges facing commercialized the bioplasticsDetailed discussion on the application for sustainability of biodegradable plastics.

3.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1014244, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324378

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of volume changes in neurofunctional hippocampal subfields in patients with insomnia and their associations with risk of development of insomnia. Methods: A total of 120 patients with insomnia (78 females, 42 males; mean age ± standard deviation, 43.74 ± 13.02 years) and 120 good sleepers (67 females, 53 males; mean age, 42.69 ± 12.24 years) were recruited. The left hippocampus was segmented into anterior (L1), middle (L2), and posterior (L3) subregions. The right hippocampus was segmented into top anterior (R1), second top anterior (R2), middle (R3), posterior (R4), and last posterior (R5) subregions. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the associations of hippocampal volume (HV) of each subfield with the risk of the development of insomnia. Mediation analyses were performed to evaluate mediated associations among post-insomnia negative emotion, insomnia severity, and HV atrophy. A visual easy-to-deploy risk nomogram was used for individual prediction of risk of development of insomnia. Results: Hippocampal volume atrophy was identified in the L1, R1, and R2 subregions. L1 and R2 volume atrophy each predisposed to an ~3-fold higher risk of insomnia (L1, odds ratio: 2.90, 95% confidence intervals: [1.24, 6.76], p = 0.014; R2, 2.72 [1.19, 6.20], p = 0.018). Anxiety fully mediates the causal path of insomnia severity leading to R1 volume atrophy with a positive effect. We developed a practical and visual competing risk-nomogram tool for individual prediction of insomnia risk, which stratifies individuals into different levels of insomnia risk with the highest prediction accuracy of 97.4% and an average C-statistic of 0.83. Conclusion: Hippocampal atrophy in specific neurofunctional subfields was not only found to be associated with insomnia but also a significant risk factor predicting development of insomnia.

4.
Oncogene ; 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348012

RESUMO

Extensive protein synthesis is necessary for uncontrolled cancer cell proliferation, requiring hyperactive ribosome biogenesis. Our previous Pan-cancer study has identified EXOSC8 as a potential copy number variation (CNV)-driven rRNA metabolism-related oncogene in colorectal cancer (CRC). Herein, we further investigated proliferation-prompting functions and mechanisms of EXOSC8 in CRC by performing in silico analyses and wet-lab experiments. We uncovered that increased EXOSC8 expression and CNV levels are strongly associated with ribosome biogenesis-related factor levels in CRC, including ribosome proteins (RPs), eukaryotic translation initiation factors and RNA polymerase I/III. EXOSC8 silence decreases nucleolar protein and proliferation marker levels, as well as rRNA/DNA and global protein syntheses. Clinically, EXOSC8 is upregulated across human cancers, particularly CNV-driven upregulation in CRC was markedly associated with poor clinical outcomes. Mechanistically, EXOSC8 knockdown increased p53 levels in CRC, and the oncogenic proliferation phenotypes of EXOSC8 depended on p53 in vitro and in vivo. We discovered that EXOSC8 knockdown in CRC cells triggers ribosomal stress, nucleolar RPL5/11 being released into the nucleoplasm and "hijacking" Mdm2 to block its E3 ubiquitin ligase function, thus releasing and activating p53. Furthermore, our therapeutic experiments provided initial evidence that EXOSC8 might serve as a potential therapeutic target in CRC. Our findings revealed, for the first time, that the RNA exosome gene (EXOSC8) promotes CRC tumorigenesis by regulating cancer-related ribosome biogenesis in CRC. This study further extends our previous Pan-cancer study of the rRNA metabolism-related genes. The inhibition of EXOSC8 is a novel therapeutic strategy for the RPs-Mdm2-p53 ribosome biogenesis surveillance pathway in CRC.

6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 17(1): 381, 2022 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36271426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our understanding of work productivity impairment among patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is limited. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of work productivity loss in SAPHO syndrome patients through the use of the work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI) questionnaire, as well as to investigate the relationship between the WPAI and other disease-related indicators. METHODS: Patients for this cross-sectional study were recruited from Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing, China). The questionnaires incorporating the WPAI were administered, along with the inclusion of demographic data, disease-specific measures, and general health variables. The construct validity of the WPAI was evaluated via the correlations between WPAI outcomes and other measures. Wilcoxon rank-sum tests and nonparametric Kruskal‒Wallis tests were used for the comparison of the WPAI outcomes between known groups. RESULTS: A total of 376 patients were included, and 201 patients (53.5%) were employed. The medians (interquartile range [IQR]) of absenteeism, presenteeism, work productivity loss, and activity impairment were 0% (0-13%), 20% (0-40%), 20% (0-52%), and 30% (0-50%), respectively. All of the WPAI outcomes showed moderate to strong correlations with other generic and disease-specific measures (|r| = 0.43-0.75), except for absenteeism. Increasing disease activity and worse health status were significantly associated with increased impairments of work productivity and activity. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the negative effects of SAPHO syndrome on the work productivity and activity of patients, thus indicating good construct validity and discriminative ability of the WPAI. To reduce the economic burden, it is important to improve the work productivity and daily activity of patients by ameliorating clinical care.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Eficiência , Presenteísmo , Absenteísmo , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Acad Radiol ; 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220726

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of the preoperative prediction of pathological central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) status in patients with negative clinical lymph node (cN0) papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) using a computed tomography (CT) radiomics signature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 97 PTC cN0 nodules with CLNM pathology data (pN0, with CLNM, n = 59; pN1, without CLNM, n = 38) in 85 patients were divided into a training set (n = 69) and a validation set (n = 28). For each lesion, 321 radiomic features were extracted from nonenhanced, arterial and venous phase CT images. Minimum redundancy and maximum relevance and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator were used to find the most important features with which to develop a radiomics signature in the training set. The performance of the radiomics signature was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curves, calibration curves and decision curve analysis . RESULTS: Three nonzero the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator coefficient features were selected for radiomics signature construction. The radiomics signature for distinguishing the pN0 and pN1 groups achieved areas under the curve of 0.79 (95% CI 0.67, 0.91) in the training set and 0.77 (95% CI 0.55, 0.99) in the validation set. The calibration curves demonstrated good agreement between the radiomics score-predicted probability and the pathological results in the two sets (p= 0.399, p = 0.191). The decision curve analysis curves showed that the model was clinically useful. CONCLUSION: This radiomic signature could be helpful to predict CLNM status in cN0 PTC patients.

8.
Cells ; 11(19)2022 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231028

RESUMO

Cell type-specific drug delivery is a straightforward strategy to achieve targeted cancer therapy and reduce side effects. Hyaluronic acid (HA), an U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved biocompatible carbohydrate polymer, has been extensively employed as a targeting ligand for a drug delivery system due to its natural ability to bind to tumor cells overexpressing cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) receptors. Here, we report the preparation and antitumor efficacy of HA-coated bovine milk exosomes (HA-mExo) for tumor-specific delivery of microRNA-204-5p mimics (miR-204). The exosome-based delivery formulation was prepared with miR-204 encapsulated inside the lumen and HA displayed outside the membrane. The resultant formulation of HA-mExo-miR204 was able to specifically target CD44-positive cancer cells, with a concomitant increase in the intracellular uptake of miR-204. Compared to the uncoated mExo-miR204 formulation, HA-mExo-miR204 showed significantly increased antitumor efficacy both in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, HA-mExo-miR204 showed excellent biocompatibility and did not cause significant systemic toxicity. Given that both HA and bovine milk exosomes are low-cost and highly accessible biogenic materials with broad biomedical applications, HA-decorated bovine milk exosomes can be proven to be a practical drug delivery system of RNA drugs for targeted cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Exossomos , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Animais , Exossomos/patologia , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico , Ligantes , MicroRNAs/genética , Leite , Neoplasias/patologia , Polímeros , Estados Unidos
9.
Int J Anal Chem ; 2022: 1451633, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060535

RESUMO

In order to reasonably evaluate the stability of the embankment supported by the rigid pile composite foundation, a nonlinear algorithm calculation and analysis method for the stability of the nanosilica powder soft soil pile foundation is proposed. First, the soft soil foundation reinforced by the composite structure of "piles (prestressed pipe piles, (cement fly-ash gravel, CFG) piles)-pile caps-geotextile pads" is analyzed through the soft soil embankment test section of the Wenfu high-speed railway. Second, the compressive modulus under one-dimensional confining compression is calculated using the layered summation method. Finally, the deep lateral deformation of the pile foundation soil is measured by an inclinometer to evaluate the actual displacement of the pile foundation soil. In the standard method, the empirical coefficient 1.1-1.7 is multiplied on the basis of the calculation result of this method to correct the calculation error. Combined with the test results, it is shown that nanosilica powder can give full play to its excellent characteristics: promoting hydration speed and hydration degree through the reaction of pozzolan refining and consuming Ca(OH)2 crystals produced by cement hydration. Soft soils and modified soft soils: a certain amount of nanosilica powder can significantly improve the strength of soft soil at different ages.

10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 988326, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105818

RESUMO

Background: Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (NP), a severe form of acute pancreatitis (AP), has higher mortality and worse outcome than non-necrotizing pancreatitis (non-NP). Infected NP is a devastating subgroup of NP. To date neither NP nor infected NP has robust prediction strategies, which may delay early recognition and timely intervention. Recent studies revealed correlations between disturbed gut microbiota and AP severity. Some features of intestinal microbiota have the potential to become biomarkers for NP prediction. Methods: We performed 16S rRNA sequencing to analyze gut microbiota features in 20 healthy controls (HC), and 58 AP patients on hospital admission. The AP patients were later classified into NP and non-NP groups based on subsequent diagnostic imaging features. Random forest regression model and ROC curve were applied for NP and infected NP prediction. PIRCUSt2 was used for bacterial functional pathway prediction analysis. Results: We found that the three groups (HC, NP, and non-NP) had distinct microorganism composition. NP patients had reduced microbial diversity, higher abundance of Enterobacteriales, but lower abundance of Clostridiales and Bacteroidales compared with the non-NP group. Correlation analyses displayed that intestine bacterial taxonomic alterations were related to severity, ICU admission, and prognosis. By pathway prediction, species more abundant in NP patients had positive correlation with synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies, and benzoate degradation. Enterococcus faecium (ASV2) performed best in discriminating NP and non-NP patients. Finegoldia magna (ASV3) showed the maximal prediction capacity among all ASVs and had comparable accuracy with Balthazar CT to detect patients with infected NP. Conclusions: Our study suggests that NP patients have distinct intestinal microbiota on admission compared to non-NP patients. Dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota might influence NP progression through ketone body or benzoate metabolism. Enterococcus faecium and Finegoldia magna are potential predictors for NP and infected NP. Our findings explore biomarkers which may inform clinical decision-making in AP and shed light on further studies on NP pathophysiology and management.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda , Doença Aguda , Bactérias/genética , Benzoatos , Biomarcadores , Clostridiales/genética , Firmicutes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
11.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111884

RESUMO

The ascending arousal system plays a crucial role in individuals' consciousness. Recently, advanced functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has made it possible to investigate the ascending arousal network (AAN) in vivo. However, the role of AAN in the neuropathology of human insomnia remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore alterations in AAN and its connections with cortical networks in chronic insomnia disorder (CID). Resting-state fMRI data were acquired from 60 patients with CID and 60 good sleeper controls (GSCs). Changes in the brain's functional connectivity (FC) between the AAN and eight cortical networks were detected in patients with CID and GSCs. Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) was employed to differentiate CID patients from GSCs and predict clinical symptoms in patients with CID. Finally, these MVPA findings were further verified using an external data set (32 patients with CID and 33 GSCs). Compared to GSCs, patients with CID exhibited increased FC within the AAN, as well as increased FC between the AAN and default mode, cerebellar, sensorimotor, and dorsal attention networks. These AAN-related FC patterns and the MVPA classification model could be used to differentiate CID patients from GSCs with 88% accuracy in the first cohort and 77% accuracy in the validation cohort. Moreover, the MVPA prediction models could separately predict insomnia (data set 1, R2  = .34; data set 2, R2  = .15) and anxiety symptoms (data set 1, R2  = .35; data set 2, R2  = .34) in the two independent cohorts of patients. Our findings indicated that AAN contributed to the neurobiological mechanism of insomnia and highlighted that fMRI-based markers and machine learning techniques might facilitate the evaluation of insomnia and its comorbid mental symptoms.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990829

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the correlation for aortic occlusion and hydronephrosis and the pathogenesis of copathogenesis. Methods: A retrospective census was established to probe the correlation with renal cysts by gathering aortic coarctation details concerning generic symptoms, diabetes, and liver and kidney profiles from 244 hospitalized aortic clinographers from April 2014 to December 2021 (study category, SG category), 150 hypertensive clients with primary hypertension attending our institution in the same period (matched category, MG category), and 150 able-bodied volunteers (control category, CG category). Results: (1) Intercategory discrepancies in regard to aortic occlusion, diabetic malfunction, and kidney and liver abnormality were neither mutually nor predominantly measured (P > 0.05); (2) 244 enrolled SG for aortic occlusion and 150 CG for aortic occlusion were categorized by whether or not aortic occlusion was manifested, and the correlation between maternal age, gender, diabetic malfunction, and kidney and liver abnormality and renal cysts was estimated. The correlation of clogged aorta was demonstrated by a multifactorial logistic regression with gender and the presence of renal cysts (P < 0.05); (3) the correlation of clogged aorta was demonstrated by a multifactorial logistic regression with renal cysts as an independent risk factor for clogged aorta (95% CI: 1.028-10.291;P = 0.031). Conclusion: As renal cysts are an autonomous risk of aortic coarctation, it is recommendable to strengthen clinical investigations such as monitoring of clinical blood pressures in kidney cyst recipients to assess their aortic function in order to evaluate their prognosis and minimize the prevalence of aortic coarctation.

13.
Membranes (Basel) ; 12(8)2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36005682

RESUMO

The global scarcity of freshwater resources has greatly contributed to the development of desalination technologies, in which electrodialysis desalination is one of the most widely used and highly regarded methods. In this work, the first step was to design and assemble a experiment module for electrodialysis desalination. The ion removal efficiency and single membrane mass transfer flux of electrodialysis desalination were investigated. The results show that the desalination performance of the module is improved by increasing the voltage gradient, increasing the concentration of seawater and electrolyte and decreasing the membrane surface flux and that the optimum operating conditions for the module at 24 V operating voltage are feedstock concentration of 35 g/L, electrolyte concentration of 1.42 g/L which and system flow rate of 15 L/h. The results of the study will help to better investigate electrodialysis desalination technology.

14.
Br J Cancer ; 127(8): 1450-1460, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is characterised by a heterogeneous tumour microenvironment (TME) that is closely associated with the response to treatment, especially immunotherapies. However, most previous GC molecular subtyping systems need complex gene signatures and examination methods, restricting their clinical applications. Thus, we developed a new TME-based molecular subtype using only two genes. METHODS: Nine independent GC cohorts at the tissue- or single-cell level with more than 2000 patients were used in this study, including data we examined by single-cell sequencing, quantitative RT-PCR and immunochemistry/immunofluorescence staining. Nine different methods, five existing molecular subtypes and a series of signatures were used to evaluate the TME and molecular characteristics of GC. RESULTS: We established a CTSL/ZBTB7B subtyping system and uncovered the novel CTSLHighZBTB7BLow high-risk subgroup, but characterised by relative higher immune cell infiltration and lower tumour purity. This subgroup demonstrate higher levels of immune checkpoints and more enrichment of cancer-related pathways compared with other cases. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a high-risk subpopulation with unique TME features based on expressions of CTSL and ZBTB7B, suggesting a counterbalancing phenotype between immunostimulatory and immunosuppressive mechanisms. This subtyping system could be used to select treatment and management strategies for GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Catepsina L , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Fenótipo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
15.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 907978, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35873230

RESUMO

Depression is a common comorbid symptom in patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID). Previous neuroimaging studies found that the orbital frontal cortex (OFC) might be the core brain region linking insomnia and depression. Here, we used a machine learning approach to differentiate CID patients with depressive symptoms from CID patients without depressive symptoms based on OFC functional connectivity. Seventy patients with CID were recruited and subdivided into CID with high depressive symptom (CID-HD) and low depressive symptom (CID-LD) groups. The OFC functional connectivity (FC) network was constructed using the altered structure of the OFC region as a seed. A linear kernel SVM-based machine learning approach was carried out to classify the CID-HD and CID-LD groups based on OFC FC features. The predict model was further verified in a new cohort of CID group (n = 68). The classification model based on the OFC FC pattern showed a total accuracy of 76.92% (p = 0.0009). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the classification model was 0.84. The OFC functional connectivity with reward network, salience network and default mode network contributed the highest weights to the prediction model. These results were further validated in an independent CID group with high and low depressive symptom (accuracy = 67.9%). These findings provide a potential biomarker for early diagnosis and intervention in CID patients comorbid with depression based on an OFC FC-based machine learning approach.

16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 888757, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35812384

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a new non-apoptotic form that regulates cell death and is mainly dependent on iron-mediated oxidative damage and subsequent cell membrane damage. Ferroptosis may be a potential therapeutic strategy for immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy in human cancers. Numerous studies have analyzed ferroptosis-correlated signatures or genes, but a systematic landscape of associations among tumor ferroptosis, clinical outcomes, tumor microenvironment, and therapies in human cancers is lacking. Here, we developed a relative ferroptosis level (RFL) combined with drive/suppress regulators and validated it in the Gene Expression Omnibus datasets of ferroptotic drug treatment. Based on this effective evaluation method, we classified about 7,000 tumor samples into high and low RFL groups in each cancer type and observed that high RFL cases demonstrate favorable survival outcomes in nine cancer types from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Then, several RFL-correlated candidate genes that have not been reported to be ferroptosis-related were selected and experimentally validated in five cancer cell lines using Erastin treatment. We further showed that both immunostimulatory and immunosuppressive phenotypes were observed in high RFL tumors, suggesting that the consideration of ferroptosis could be a potential strategy in cancer immunotherapy. Moreover, we found that high RFL cases/cells showed responder or sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Our study provides a comprehensive molecular-level understanding of ferroptosis and may have practical implications for clinical cancer therapies, including immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias , Ferroptose/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
17.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(55): 83993-84005, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778664

RESUMO

Disentangling the relative contributions of deterministic and stochastic processes was critical to compressive understanding of underlying mechanism governing geographic pattern and assembly of phytoplankton community, while it was seldom performed in connected lakes under human pressure. Here, we investigated phytoplankton community pattern in relation to environmental and spatial factors over 81 lakes located in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River (MLYR) floodplain, where many lakes suffered from eutrophication and cyanobacterial blooms. A majority of MLYR lakes had higher phytoplankton abundance surpassing 107 cells/L and were dominated by common bloom-forming cyanobacterial genera, including Pseudanabaena, Microcystis, Merismopedia, Dolichospermum, Limnothrix, and Raphidiopsis. Phytoplankton community exhibited a striking geographical pattern both for taxonomic and functional compositions, while functional groups were less sensitive, and dissimilarity in communities displayed no significant increases with increasing geographical distance. Further, species richness explained much higher percentage of community variations than species turnover, indicating a reduced effect of environmental filtering of phytoplankton species with tolerance to similar environments in connected MLYR lakes. Both deterministic and stochastic processes governed assembly and biogeographic of phytoplankton community. Variation partition analysis showed that spatial factors exhibited greater influence on phytoplankton community compared to environmental variables. The stronger influence of spatial factors was further demonstrated by Mantel test and neutral community model. These findings indicate that deterministic and stochastic processes exhibited similar biogeographic patterns for phytoplankton community in MLYR lakes, but stochastic process was overwhelmingly dominated. Moreover, a large proportion of unexplained variation implies that complex interactions exist to shape assembly mechanism of phytoplankton community in MLYR lakes.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Fitoplâncton , Humanos , Lagos/microbiologia , Rios/microbiologia , Eutrofização , China
18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(38): e202208773, 2022 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35891606

RESUMO

Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) are next-generation therapeutics for complex cancer treatment. Herein, we developed a dual-targeting non-IgG format of bsAbs by using a bispecific nanobody (bsNb) that can simultaneously target EGFR and HER2 on tumor cells. Site-specific modification of the anti-EGFR-HER2 bsNb was conducted using the rhamnose (Rha) hapten via sortase A-mediated ligation to reconstitute the missing crystallizable fragment (Fc) effector biological functions. Functionally similar to bsAbs, bsNb-Rha conjugates retained dual-targeting activity and exerted potent anticancer effects via the Fc-domain-mediated engagement of endogenous anti-Rha antibodies. Further, an optimized bsNb-Rha conjugate exhibited markedly improved pharmacokinetics and efficient inhibitory effects against xenograft tumor growth in vivo. Our strategy provides a general and cost-effective platform to generate a new bsAb format for cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos , Neoplasias , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/farmacologia , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Ramnose
19.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 914352, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721176

RESUMO

Panax ginseng and Panax notoginseng, two well-known herbs with enormous medical value in Asian countries, have a long usage history in China for the therapy of some diseases, such as stroke. Ginsenoside Rb1 is one of most important active ingredients in Panax ginseng and Panax notoginseng. In the last two decades, more attention has focused on ginsenoside Rb1 as an antioxidative, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory agent that can protect the nervous system. In the review, we summarize the neuroprotective roles of ginsenoside Rb1 and its potential mechanisms in central nervous system diseases (CNSDs), including neurodegenerative diseases, cerebral ischemia injury, depression and spinal cord injury. In conclusion, ginsenoside Rb1 has a potential neuroprotection due to its inhibition of oxidative stress, apoptosis, neuroinflammation and autophagy in CNSDs and may be a promising candidate agent for clinical therapy of CNSDs in the future.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(25): 29131-29143, 2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652293

RESUMO

This work overcomes the long-standing challenge of cumbersome pretreatment methods in the detection of heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs). A UiO-66/nanocellulose composite aerogel (CMC-CNC-UiO-66) with layered pores and low density prepared by a self-cross-linking method is applied as a simple and rapid adsorbent for capturing 14 HAAs via strong electrostatic interactions, van der Waals force, and the steric effect. The adsorption capacity of CMC-CNC-UiO-66 to 14 HAAs reached 98.00-188.00 nmol/mg at equilibrium within 10 min. The adsorption and desorption abilities of CMC-CNC-UiO-66 were retained with values of 93.36 and 97.34% after two cycles. In the meantime, the kinetics study demonstrated the chemisorption between HAA molecules and CMC-CNC-UiO-66 due to the excellent agreement with the pseudo-second-order adsorption models. The fit with the Freundlich isotherm models suggested a multilayer adsorption mechanism between HAA molecules and materials with heterogeneous surfaces. Moreover, coupled with the ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry detection, the CMC-CNC-UiO-66 extraction process can be completed with a high average recovery ranging from 86.68 to 115.33%, indicating a potential application of CMC-CNC-UiO-66 in HAA adsorption for further quantitative analysis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...