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1.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 337, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123248

RESUMO

Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) of the kidney is a rare and polymorphic tumor, which has been previously considered to be a low-grade malignancy, predominantly occurring in women. To the best of our knowledge, MTSCC with bladder metastasis has never been reported. The current study presents five adult cases of MTSCC that included three male and two female patients. Among the male cases, two were of advanced stage, one with MTSCC and renal chromophobe cell carcinoma with bladder metastasis and the other with MTSCC with invasion of the renal vein. The other three cases with small masses were at an early stage. All five cases had a good prognosis and were without recurrence after several years of follow-up. A 70-year-old male with intermittent gross hematuria, intermittent renal colic, and groin radiation pain for a year (case 1), was incidentally detected to have a left renal density mass by total abdominal enhanced computed tomography scans. In the other four cases, renal masses were found by B-ultrasound. The patient in case 1 underwent a retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff resection and transurethral resection of the bladder tumor, and received gemcitabine hydrochloride via intravesical instillation therapy plus cisplatin chemotherapy every 3 months. The patient in case 2 underwent an open left radical nephrectomy and renal pedicle lymph node dissection. The other three patients underwent a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. All five patients had no recurrence or new metastasis in other organs after follow-up. In conclusion, the incidence of MTSCC in men and women is not as disparate as reported in previous publications. The characteristics of the images of the five adult cases in the present study showed a considerable consistency, with only minor differences. The malignancy and prognosis of MTSCC are still controversial, and thus inclusion and review of more cases is required to reach a definite final conclusion. Sunitinib and gemcitabine chemotherapy in combination with cisplatin may be effective for the therapy of MTSCC patients with metastasis, but a larger range of treatments needs to be identified.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 110059, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208321

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) ranks as the ninth common human tumor in the world with an increasing incidence. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been revealed to exhibit promotive or suppressive impacts on tumor progression of various human cancers, including BC. However, due to the variety of circRNAs, the whole circRNAs network in BC remains unclear. In our study, differentially expressed circRNAs between BC and normal samples in GSE92675 dataset was analyzed by microarray. Circ_102336 was identified to be sharply increased in both BC tissue samples and cell lines, and increased circ_102336 is correlated with a worse overall survival rate of BC patients. Overexpression of circ_102336 dramatically increased the cell proliferation viability of T24 and 5637 cells, while knockdown of circ_102336 exhibited opposite effects. Moreover, circ_102336 knockdown could increase the sensitivity of T24 and 5637 cells to CDDP. In mechanism, circ_102336 was demonstrated to directly bind to and negatively regulate miR-515-5p. Inhibition of miR-515-5p reversed the repressive effects of si-circ_102336 on BC cell proliferation viability. KEGG analysis showed that ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and apoptosis were the major two pathways associated with circ_102336/miR-515-5p axis. therefore, we suggested that circ_102336 indirectly regulate apoptosis and ABC transport pathways through miR-515-5p to finally modulate BC cell proliferation and chemo-resistance.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(29): e11176, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the transperitoneal approach with extraperitoneal approach in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) (including pure and robotic-assisted LRP) using meta-analytic techniques. METHODS: Medline (PubMed), Embase, Ovid, CMB, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies that compared the transperitoneal and extraperitoneal approaches in LRP from January 2000 to January 2017. Outcomes included were operative time, operative bloods joss (milliliters), rate of transfusion, rate of open conversion, rate of intraoperative complications, rate of postoperative complications, and time of postoperative catheterization. RESULTS: Thirteen studies including 1674 patients were selected for the meta-analysis. 850 (50.8%) cases had undergone transperitoneal LRP (TLRP) and 824 (49.2%) cases had undergone the extraperitoneal LRP (ELRP). Comparison of operative time between the TLRP group and the ELRP group showed no significant differences (weighted mean difference [WMD] = 21.21,95%CI = -1.16-43.57, P = .06). No significant differences were observed in blood loss (WMD = -6.04, 95%CI = -43.38-31.29, P = .75) and the rate of transfusion (odds ratio [OR] = 1.03, 95%CI = 0.55-1.96, P = .92) between the 2 groups. No significant differences were observed for the rate of intraoperative complications (OR = 1.25, 95%CI = 0.57-2.21, P = .75) and the rate of open conversion (OR = 1.12, 95%CI = 0.32-4.97, P = .75). Significant differences were observed in the TLRP group compared with the ELRP group (OR = 1.69, 95%CI: 1.23-2.32, P = .001) regarding the rate of postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis findings revealed that the TLRP group showed no significant differences in most important indicators compared with ELRP. Moreover, TLRP showed higher rate of postoperative complications compared with ELRP.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Próstata/cirurgia , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cateterismo , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Peritônio/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(24): e11023, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29901594

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Renal cell carcinoma associated with Xp11.2 translocations/TFE3 gene fusions is a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma. This predominantly occurs in juveniles, but rarely seen in adults with lymph node or organic metastasis and a worsened prognosis. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Herein, we presented 3 adult cases of Xp11-RCC. Two patients were in early stage and good condition, and the third patient had lymph node metastasis but showed no recurrence after a 3-month follow-up. DIAGNOSES: Case 1: A 50-year-old female without any lumbago and gross hematuria was incidentally detected by left renal mass by ultrasonography. Case 2: A 31-year-old female with 2-year hemodialysis was detected with right renal carcinoma during preoperative examination of renal transplant. Case 3: A 45-year-old male with right lumbago for 1 month was detected with a mass in the lower pole of right kidney by ultrasonography. INTERVENTION: The characteristics of these 3 images are not consistent with each other, and showed some differences with the previous ones. OUTCOMES: All these 3 patients underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, and case 1 patient underwent renal hilar lymphnode dissection at the same time. Immunohistochemistry was performed on all the 3 tumors, revealing that the tumor cells were positive for TFE3 and Melan-A. Case 1 showed lymph node metastasis, and received mTOR inhibitors. The 3 patients had no recurrent and new metastasis in other organs after follow-up for 3 months, 2 months, and 11 months, respectively. LESSONS: Whether the adult-onset Xp-RCC has an aggressive clinical course still remains controversial. Characteristics of the images of the 3 adult cases showed some uniformity but still have some differences. Immunohistochemistry results revealed tumor cell positive for TFE3, but have no consistency in carbonic anhydrase IX, CD117, Ki67, CK8/18 AE1/AE3 and so on. Therefore, the uniform and definitive diagnostic standards of the tumors are uncertain. Hence, more cases and findings are required to elaborate the standards of all the tumor subtypes. Vascular endothelial growth factor-targeted therapy showed some efficacious results in patients with metastasis, but more useful treatments are warranted.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Adulto , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Fusão Gênica , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Translocação Genética , Ultrassonografia
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