Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 989
Filtrar
1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(5): 1051-1058, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558532

RESUMO

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to effectively improve impaired swallowing in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with dysphagia. However, little is known about how rTMS affects the corresponding brain regions in this patient group. In this case-control study, we examined data from 38 PD patients with dysphagia who received treatment at Beijing Rehabilitation Medicine Academy, Capital Medical University. The patients received high-frequency rTMS of the motor cortex once per day for 10 successive days. Changes in brain activation were compared via functional magnetic resonance imaging in PD patients with dysphagia and healthy controls. The results revealed that before treatment, PD patients with dysphagia showed greater activation in the precentral gyrus, supplementary motor area, and cerebellum compared with healthy controls, and this enhanced activation was weakened after treatment. Furthermore, before treatment, PD patients with dysphagia exhibited decreased activation in the parahippocampal gyrus, caudate nucleus, and left thalamus compared with healthy controls, and this activation increased after treatment. In addition, PD patients with dysphagia reported improved subjective swallowing sensations after rTMS. These findings suggest that swallowing function in PD patients with dysphagia improved after rTMS of the motor cortex. This may have been due to enhanced activation of the caudate nucleus and parahippocampal gyrus. The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital of Capital Medical University (approval No. 2018bkky017) on March 6, 2018 and was registered with Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration No. ChiCTR 1800017207) on July 18, 2018.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662104

RESUMO

In this work, we fabricate multidimensional silicon-graphene hybrid nanostructures composed of three-dimensional (3D) out-of-plane graphene flakes on a silicon nanowire core. By changing the synthesis temperature (700 and 1100 °C) and time (5, 10, and 20 min), we obtain two different types of 3D graphene flakes with tunable dimensions and structure parameters. We characterize the thermal transport behavior of this hybrid multidimensional material in a broad temperature range of 20-460 K. With different morphologies and structures, the effective thermal conductivity of the silicon-graphene hybrid nanostructures varies from 1 to 7 W/(m·K) at room temperature. We also apply molecular dynamics simulation and density functional theory to elucidate the thermal transport mechanisms in the silicon-graphene hybrid nanostructures.

3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(9): 9415-9426, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise is generally recognized as beneficial to prevent obesity; however, it is not clear which indicator can better reflect the benefits, especially in adolescents. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of exercise on body mass and fat indexes and to clarify the significance of different indexes in clinical use. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study involving 1,941 freshmen from 2014, followed-up biennially until 2018. Various body mass and fat indexes, including weight, height, waist and hip circumference and body fat percentage (BFP), were measured. Physical activity and other variables were collected by questionnaire. All study participants were divided into two groups according to the frequency and intensity of exercise. RESULTS: Compared with the low frequency and intensity exercise group, the high frequency and intensity exercise group had a lower increase in BFP during the 4-year follow-up, and no significant differences were observed in the changes of other indexes between the groups. Even after adjusting, the high frequency and intensity exercise group still exhibited a higher likelihood of reducing BFP. CONCLUSIONS: High frequency and intensity exercise provides benefits for reducing BFP. No other body mass or fat indexes showed any association. BFP could be a much more sensitive indicator to detect and control obesity in adolescents.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Exercício Físico , Tecido Adiposo , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Seguimentos , Humanos , Obesidade , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581005

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-7 is known to enhance the macrophages cytotoxic activity and that macrophages play a pivotal role in the development and progression of myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the effects of IL-7 on macrophages infiltration and polarization in myocardial I/R injury are currently unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the IL-7 expression on myocardial I/R injury and their relationship with macrophages. The data showed that IL-7 expression in mouse heart tissue increases following I/R injury and that IL-7 knockout or anti-IL-7 antibody treatment significantly improve I/R injury, including reduction in myocardial infarction area, a serum troponin T level decreases and an improvement in cardiac function. On the other hand, recombinant IL-7 (rIL-7) supplementation induces opposite effects and the anti-IL-7 antibody significantly reduces the cardiomyocyte apoptosis and macrophage infiltration. rIL-7 cannot directly cause apoptosis, but it can induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis through macrophages, in addition to increase the macrophages migration in vitro. Anti-IL-7 antibody affects the cytokine production in T helper (Th) 1 and Th2 cells and also promotes the macrophages differentiation to M2 macrophages. However, anti-IL-7 antibody does not reduce the M1 macrophage number, and it only increases the ratio of M2/M1 macrophages in mice heart tissues after I/R injury. Taking together, these data reveal that IL-7 plays an intensifying role in myocardial I/R injury by promoting cardiomyocyte apoptosis through the regulation of macrophage infiltration and polarization.

5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120331, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536894

RESUMO

Both electroporation-assisted and ultrasound-assisted delivery methods can rapidly deliver nanoparticles into living cells for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection, but these two methods have never been compared. In this study, electroporation-assisted SERS and ultrasound-assisted SERS were employed to detect the biochemical changes of degranulated mast cells induced by mast cell stimulator (C48/80). The results showed that the cell damage of electroporation based on controllable electric pulse was smaller than that of ultrasound based on cavitation. Transmission electron microscope images of cells indicated that the nanoparticles delivered by electroporation were mainly distributed in the cytoplasm, while ultrasound could transport nanoparticles to the cytoplasm and nucleus. Therefore, electroporation-assisted SERS mainly detects the biochemical information of cytoplasm, while ultrasound-assisted SERS gets more spectral signals of nucleic acid. Both methods can obtain high quality SERS signal of cells. With drug treatment, the SERS peak intensity of 733 cm-1 attributed to phosphatidylserine decreased significantly, which may be due to the activation of mast cell degranulation pathway stimulated by C48/80 agonist, resulting in a large amount of intracellular serine being used to synthesize tryptase, while the production of phosphatidylserine decreased. Further, based on principal component analysis and linear discriminant analysis (PCA-LDA approach), ultrasound-assisted SERS could achieve better sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in the discrimination and identification of drug-treated degranulated mast cells than electroporation assisted SERS. This exploratory work is helpful to realize the real-time dynamic SERS detection of intracellular biochemical components, and it also has great potential in intracellular SERS analysis, such as the cytotoxicity assay of anti-tumor drugs or cancer cell screening.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(40): 16777-16785, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590851

RESUMO

The most recent global health crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and the alarming use of chemical warfare agents highlight the necessity to produce efficient protective clothing and masks against biohazard and chemical threats. However, the development of a multifunctional protective textile is still behind to supply adequate protection for the public. To tackle this challenge, we designed multifunctional and regenerable N-chlorine based biocidal and detoxifying textiles using a robust zirconium metal-organic framework (MOF), UiO-66-NH2, as a chlorine carrier which can be easily coated on textile fibers. A chlorine bleaching converted the amine groups located on the MOF linker to active N-chlorine structures. The fibrous composite exhibited rapid biocidal activity against both Gram-negative bacteria (E. coli) and Gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus) with up to a 7 log reduction within 5 min for each strain as well as a 5 log reduction of SARS-CoV-2 within 15 min. Moreover, the active chlorine loaded MOF/fiber composite selectively and rapidly degraded sulfur mustard and its chemical simulant 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES) with half-lives less than 3 minutes. The versatile MOF-based fibrous composite designed here has the potential to serve as protective cloth against both biological and chemical threats.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44418-44426, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495649

RESUMO

With the depletion of nonrenewable resources such as oil/coal/gas, more and more research studies began to focus on the high-value utilization of residual biomass resources. Herein, for the first time, honeycomb nanoporous microspheres fabricated from renewable biomass resources of cellulose were used as a carrier to fabricate a highly dispersed palladium (Pd) nanocatalyst. Various physicochemical characterizations presented convincing pieces of evidence for the good dispersion of Pd clusters with a mean diameter of 1.6 nm. As the carrier, cellulose microspheres with an interconnected nanoporous structure contributed to the adhesion and dispersion of Pd particles, and their rich hydroxyl groups could fix the Pd particles. Importantly, the cellulose matrix could in situ induce the formation of metallic Pd(0) during calcination without a reductant. The cellulose/Pd catalyst was applied to the Suzuki coupling reaction, which exhibited promising catalytic activity compared to commercial Pd/C and unsupported homogeneous Pd(OAc)2 catalysts, as well as good stability. The utilization of the residual biomass resource to build catalyst materials would be important for the sustainable chemistry.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501729

RESUMO

Instant messaging (IM) is increasingly used for family communication amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. However, evidence remains scarce on how family e-chat groups were used and their associations with family and individual wellbeing amidst the pandemic. The numbers of family e-chat groups, functions used, and messages sent and received daily in groups were reported by 4890 adults in May 2020, and their associations with family wellbeing and personal happiness and the mediation effect of family communication quality were examined. Results showed that sending/receiving text messages was most commonly used, followed by receiving/sending photos/pictures, making voice calls, receiving/sending short videos and voice messages, and making video calls. Women and older people used more non-text functions. Higher levels of family wellbeing and personal happiness were associated with having more groups, receiving/sending photos/pictures, video calls, more IM functions used, and more IM messages received/sent daily. Forty-six point two to seventy-five point five percent of their associations with more groups and more functions used were mediated by family communication quality. People having more family e-chat groups and using more IM functions may be more resilient amidst the pandemic, while those without or with low use of family e-chat groups amidst the pandemic would need more attention and assistance in the presence of social distancing.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Felicidade , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
9.
iScience ; 24(9): 102983, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485865

RESUMO

Rosiglitazone, a synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) ligand, has been reported to reduce growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in 10 patients with acromegaly. However, the mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we reveal that PPARγ directly enhances 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) expression, whose expression is decreased and negatively correlates with tumor size in acromegaly. Rosiglitazone decreases GH production and promotes apoptosis and autophagy in GH3 and primary somatotroph adenoma cells and suppresses hepatic GH receptor (GHR) expression and IGF-1 secretion in HepG2 cells. Activating the PGE2/cAMP/PKA pathway directly increases GHR expression. Rosiglitazone suppresses tumor growth and decreases GH and IGF-1 levels in mice inoculated subcutaneously with GH3 cells. The above effects are all dependent on 15-PGDH expression. Rosiglitazone as monotherapy effectively decreases GH and IGF-1 levels in all nineteen patients with active acromegaly. Evidence suggests that rosiglitazone may be an alternative pharmacological approach for acromegaly by targeting both pituitary adenomas and liver.

10.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 682409, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568442

RESUMO

Background: Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (Sfrp5) has been suggested to be a protective regulatory protein in coronary heart disease. However, the role of Sfrp5 in regulating ischemic injury and its consequences is not known. The aim of our study was to explore the effects of Sfrp5 on hearts after myocardial infarction (MI) and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. Methods and Results: We found that Sfrp5 was downregulated over time in the heart tissue of MI mice. To further elucidate the role of Sfrp5 during MI, we established a cardiac overexpression of an Sfrp5 mouse model using the cardiotropic adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9). Overexpression of Sfrp5 significantly reduced infarct size as demonstrated by a decrease in mortality owing to cardiac rupture. Moreover, cardiac overexpression of Sfrp5 increased left ventricular function and mitochondrial biogenesis, decreased cardiomyocyte apoptosis, suppressed inflammation reaction, inhibited oxidative stress, and ameliorated cardiac remodeling as demonstrated by left ventricular ejection fraction, mitochondrial morphology, heart weight, NADH oxidase activity levels, and myocardial fibrosis at 2 weeks post-MI. At the molecular level, overexpression of Sfrp5 significantly increased the expression of p-AMPKThr172 protein with higher expression of mitochondrial fusion protein (MFN1 and MFN2) and lower expression of mitochondrial fission protein (p-Drp1Ser616/Mid49/MFF/Fis-1). In isolated neonatal rat cardiac myocytes, Sfrp5 treatment attenuated hypoxia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Inhibition of AMPK activity with compound C abrogated this benefit. Conclusions: Sfrp5 overexpression inhibits ischemic injury, reduces risk of cardiac rupture, ameliorates post-MI remodeling, and decreases the progression to heart failure via disrupting mitochondrial dysfunction and partly through normalizing the AMPK activity.

11.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(9): 856-60, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effects of intraoperative arthrography monitoring assisted closed reduction and internal fixation for intercondylar fracture of humerus in children. METHODS: From January 2013 to July 2018, 18 children with intercondylar fracture of humerus were treated by operation, including 13 males and 5 females aged from 3 to 12 years old with an average age of (8.50±2.57) years old. According to Toniolo & Wilkinson classification, 8 children were typeⅠand 10 children were typeⅡ. During the operation, closed reduction and internal fixation were performed under the monitoring of intraoperative radiography, open reduction and internal fixation were performed in necessity. Mayo score of elbow joint was used to evaluate clinical effect at 6 months after operation. RESULTS: All children were underwent arthrography monitoring during operation, 5 children were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation for intraoperative arthrography found no fracture of articular cartilage, 11 children by closed reduction and internal fixation because of fracture of articular cartilage involving the joint space with displacement less than 2 mm, and 2 children by closed or open reduction and internal fixation for fracture of articular cartilage surface with displacement above 2 mm, which 1 child with smooth of joint surface was performed closed reduction and internal fixation, 1 child without smooth of joint surface and displacement above 2 mm was performed open reduction and internal fixation. All children were followed up from 8 to 26 months with an average of (20.28±4.40) months. All factures were healed from 6 to 9 weeks with an average of (7.33±0.77) weeks. Postoperative Mayo score of elbowjoint at 6 months was (89.44±11.36), and 12 patients got excellent results, 5 good and 1 poor. One patient occurred partial limitation of flexion or extension of elbow joint. No elbow deformity and other complications occurred. CONCLUSION: The treatment of intercondylar fracture of humerus in children under monitoring of intraoperative radiography could reduce opertaion injuries and complications, confirm the reduction effect of articular surface of cartilage in time and clearly, and promote recovery of elbow joint function.


Assuntos
Artrografia , Fraturas do Úmero , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(4): 1661-1672, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532118

RESUMO

Background: Coagulation and fibrinolysis activation are frequently observed in cancer patients, and the tumors in these cases are thought to be associated with a higher risk of invasion, metastasis and worse long-term outcome. The specific aim of this study was to develop an effective prognostic nomogram to help make individualized estimates for patients with resected gallbladder cancer (GBC). Methods: Patients with resected GBC who were diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 at Xinhua Hospital were selected. Model performance was measured by c-index and calibration curve. The results were further validated using bootstrap and a cohort of 38 patients from a branch hospital who underwent surgery from 2006 to 2014. Results: Backward stepwise selection and Lasso were applied respectively to select predictors. T stage, N stage, and preoperative serum fibrinogen were included in the final model. Predictions correlated well with observed 1- and 3-year survival. The c-index for predicting survival was 0.74 (95% confidence interval, 0.70-0.78), which was statistically higher than that of the AJCC 7th system and Nevin system (P=0.04, 0.04, respectively). In the validation cohort, the nomogram performed better than the other two staging systems (c-index: 0.71 vs. 0.67 and 0.67). Conclusions: The validated nomogram is a practical tool for predicting the overall survival (OS) of postoperative GBC patients. Preoperative serum fibrinogen levels were associated with tumor progression and may be an independent predictor for GBC patients.

13.
Anal Methods ; 13(36): 4143-4149, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554165

RESUMO

Herein, we proposed a simple one-pot sol-thermal strategy to prepare a highly sensitive and reproducible SERS substrate. The silver-doped hydroxyapatite nanocomposite (HAp/Ag) could suppress the oxidation of silver nanoparticles, which endow the SERS substrate with good stability and reproducibility. Due to the strong interaction between the HAp/Ag substrate and the analytes, a stronger Raman signal generated during the process of SERS detection. In particular, the HAp/Ag substrate enabled the determination of rhodamine 6G (R6G) and crystal violet (CV), and the limits of detection (LOD) were low at 10-6 M and 10-5 M, respectively. In addition, the HAp/Ag substrate could be used for the quantitative analysis of CV in wastewater with a good linear relationship between 10-2 and 10-5 M. In this context, the HAp/Ag substrate combines the superior properties of both Ag NPs and HAp particles, providing a potential method for monitoring the environment and building a convenient SERS platform to detect pollutants in wastewater.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2104681, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558123

RESUMO

Fiber electronics with mechanosensory functionality are highly desirable in healthcare, human-machine interfaces, and robotics. Most efforts are committed to optimize the electronically readable interface of fiber mechanoreceptor, while the user interface based on naked-eye readable output is rarely explored. Here, a scalable fiber electronics that can simultaneously visualize and digitize the mechanical stimulus without external power supply, named self-powered optoelectronic synergistic fiber sensors (SOEFSs), are reported. By coupling of space and surface charge polarization, a new mechanoluminescent (ML)-triboelectric synergistic effect is realized. It contributes to remarkable enhancement of both electrical (by 100%) and optical output (by 30%), as well as novel temporal-spatial resolution mode for motion capturing. Based on entirely new thermoplastic ML material system and spinning process, industrial-level continuously manufacture and recycling processes of SOEFS are realized. Furthermore, SOEFSs' application in human-machine interface, virtual reality, and underwater sensing, rescue, and information interaction is demonstrated.

15.
Chem Sci ; 12(33): 11181-11190, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522315

RESUMO

This study describes general methods for the enantioselective syntheses of pharmaceutically relevant 1-aryl-2-heteroaryl- and 1,2-diheteroarylcyclopropane-1-carboxylates through dirhodium tetracarboxylate-catalysed asymmetric cyclopropanation of vinyl heterocycles with aryl- or heteroaryldiazoacetates. The reactions are highly diastereoselective and high asymmetric induction could be achieved using either (R)-pantolactone as a chiral auxiliary or chiral dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalysts. For meta- or para-substituted aryl- or heteroaryldiazoacetates the optimum catalyst was Rh2(R-p-Ph-TPCP)4. In the case of ortho-substituted aryl- or heteroaryldiazoacetates, the optimum catalyst was Rh2(R-TPPTTL)4. For a highly enantioselective reaction with the ortho-substituted substrates, 2-chloropyridine was required as an additive in the presence of either 4 Å molecular sieves or 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP). Under the optimized conditions, the cyclopropanation could be conducted in the presence of a variety of heterocycles, such as pyridines, pyrazines, quinolines, indoles, oxadiazoles, thiophenes and pyrazoles.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is often related to cancer, and several inflammatory scores have been established to predict the prognosis of various types of cancer. Our study aimed to determine the prognostic value of the preoperative lymphocyte to C-reactive protein ratio (LCR) for predicting postoperative outcomes in patients with resectable gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 104 GBC patients who received curative surgery at Xinhua Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2000 to December 2016 was performed. A time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed to evaluate the accuracy of different markers. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to define factors associated with overall survival. RESULTS: Among the assessed variables, the preoperative LCR showed the highest accuracy in predicting the overall survival of GBC patients (AUC: 0.736). Decreased preoperative LCR was significantly associated with advanced tumor stage, including tumor invasion (P = 0.018), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.011) and TNM stage (P = 0.022). A low preoperative LCR (cutoff threshold = 145.5) was an independent risk factor for overall survival in patients with resectable GBC (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative LCR is a novel and valuable prognostic indicator of postoperative survival in patients with resectable GBC.

17.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 272, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) has been regarded as an important serological biomarker for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Hence, the construction of a highly sensitive detection method for RBP4 is the key to early prevention and multidisciplinary intervention of T2DM. In this work, a dual-quenched electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor has been fabricated for ultrasensitive detection of RBP4 by combining zeolitic imidazolate framework-67/AuPt-supported luminol (luminol@AuPt/ZIF-67) with MnO2 nanosheets-grown on carbon nanotubes (MnO2@CNTs). RESULTS: AuPt/ZIF-67 hybrids with high-efficiency peroxidase-like activity could provide multipoint binding sites for luminol and antibodies and significantly boost the amplified initial signal of the ECL immunosensor. Upon glutathione/H2O2 coreactants system, MnO2@CNTs composites could quench the initial signal by inhibiting mimic peroxidase activity of luminol@AuPt/ZIF-67. Moreover, the absorption spectrum of the MnO2@CNTs composites completely overlaps with the emission spectrum of luminol, which can further reduce initial signal by ECL resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET). CONCLUSIONS: Benefiting from the above-mentioned properties, the designed immunoassay sensitivity exhibited excellent sensitivity and relative stability for RBP4 detection range from 0.0001 to 100 ng mL-1 with a low detection limit of 43 fg mL-1. Therefore, our ECL immunosensor provides an alternative assaying strategy for early diagnosis of T2DM.

19.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400771

RESUMO

The amygdala, one of the most studied brain structures, integrates brain-wide heterogeneous inputs and governs multidimensional outputs to control diverse behaviors central to survival, yet how amygdalar input-output neuronal circuits are organized remains unclear. Using a simplified cell-type- and projection-specific retrograde transsynaptic tracing technique, we scrutinized brain-wide afferent inputs of four major output neuronal groups in the amygdalar basolateral complex (BLA) that project to the bed nucleus of the stria terminals (BNST), ventral hippocampus (vHPC), medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and nucleus accumbens (NAc), respectively. Brain-wide input-output quantitative analysis unveils that BLA efferent neurons receive a diverse array of afferents with varied input weights and predominant contextual representation. Notably, the afferents received by BNST-, vHPC-, mPFC- and NAc-projecting BLA neurons exhibit virtually identical origins and input weights. These results indicate that the organization of amygdalar BLA input-output neuronal circuits follows the input-dependent and output-independent principles, ideal for integrating brain-wide diverse afferent stimuli to control parallel efferent actions. The data provide the objective basis for improving the virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety disorders and validate the simplified cell-type- and projection-specific retrograde transsynaptic tracing method.

20.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 6129-6139, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385842

RESUMO

Purpose: Biomarkers of the systemic inflammatory response and nutritional-related indicators have been used to assess the host anti-tumor immune response and predict prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, a new indicator system combining platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and albumin-globulin ratio (AGR), AGR-PLR score (APS), has not yet been evaluated for the prognosis prediction among ESCC patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed, including 633 patients with ESCC, comprising 450 in the training cohort and 183 in the validation cohort. Results: In this study, we found that the overall survival time among patients with an APS of 2 was significantly shorter than that among patients with an APS of 1, and the survival time of patients with an APS of 1 was significantly shorter than that of patients with an APS of 0. Multivariate analysis showed that the APS was an independent prognostic factor for patients with ESCC. The APS demonstrated better prognostic accuracy and effectiveness for ESCC patients than either PLR or AGR alone. In addition, a new prediction nomogram was established according to tumor grade, APS, and tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) stage. Compared with the traditional 8th version of TNM staging system, this nomogram demonstrated improved sensitivity and specificity for the prediction of 3- and 5-year survival. Conclusion: APS is a novel independent prognostic indicator for the radical resection of ESCC and a potential biomarker for monitoring the therapeutic response.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...