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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016472

RESUMO

Non­small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is prevalent worldwide. Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is one of the main subtypes of NSCLC yet, currently, few biomarkers are available for the diagnosis of LUSC. The present study aimed to investigate the expression and role of adenosine deaminase RNA specific B1 (ADARB1) in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). Integrative bioinformatics analysis was used to identify the effects of ADARB1 expression on the occurrence and prognosis of LUSC. The expression of ADARB1 was further examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Bioinformatics analysis suggested that ADARB1 was downregulated in LUSC, serving as a potential tumor suppressor, and these results were verified by IHC performed on a lung cancer tissue array. Clinical studies suggested that ADARB1 expression and methylation levels were significantly associated with patient characteristics in LUSC. Moreover, ADARB1 global methylation levels were upregulated in LUSC tissues compared with normal lung tissues. Higher methylation levels of cg24063645 were associated with shorter overall survival time of patients with LUSC. A negative correlation was identified between ADARB1 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in LUSC. Using the Gene Expression Omnibus database, it was suggested that the expression of ADARB1 in LUSC was significantly different compared with that in lung adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, protein­protein interactions were studied and a biological process annotation analysis was conducted. The present study suggested that ADARB1 was downregulated in LUSC; therefore, ADARB1 may serve as a specific biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for LUSC.

2.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048122

RESUMO

Like other countries, China has been experiencing drug shortages during the past years, including drugs on the National Essential Medicine List and emergency drugs. Drug shortages have raised public concerns in China and have severe impacts on all stakeholders in the supply chain, especially patients and hospitals. Recently, Chinese governments have ramped up several measures to ensure a steady supply of essential and first-aid drugs. In this commentary, we share our experiences of addressing drug shortages at Hunan Province, central China. We focus on the establishment of a provincial drug shortage monitoring center, and the Center's efforts to standardize practices on the management of drug shortages and identify therapeutic alternatives for drugs in short supply based on international best practices.

3.
J Cell Commun Signal ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933275

RESUMO

Pembrolizumab monotherapy has been demonstrated as a first-line therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with a programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score (TPS) of ≥50%; however, the clinical efficacy is limited by the unreasonable threshold of the TPS. A recent study published by Mok et al. (Lancet 393:1819-1830, 2019) showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy could also be extended as an effective first-line therapeutic strategy for NSCLC patients with low TPS. However, this needs to be further evaluated in detail after considering the following issues. In Mok's report, the survival curves were much lower in a pembrolizumab-treated group in the first 6 months of treatment compared with a chemotherapy group. These contradictory findings might have been due to anecdotal occurrences of rapid progression, especially hyperprogressive disease.

4.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(1): 360-370, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939622

RESUMO

The gasdermin (GSDM) superfamily has been demonstrated to consist of several important molecules that modulate multifunctional signal processes, such as cell pyroptosis. In this research, the roles of the GSDM superfamily on the occurrence and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) were evaluated using integrative bioinformatic analyses and in vitro methods. Here, data from several bioinformatic platforms revealed that GSDMC is significantly upregulated in LUAD tissues and cell lines. Real­time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) demonstrated that GSDMC was obviously upregulated in radio­resistant LUAD cells, compared with their parental cells. Moreover, upregulated GSDMC expression was confirmed to be an independent indicator of poor first progression (FP) and overall survival (OS) in LUAD patients. DNA methylation analysis showed an evidently negative correlation between GSDMC expression and methylation status of one CpG site (cg05316065) in its DNA sequence. Patients with high methylation values had significantly higher Karnofsky performance scores (KPSs) and prolonged OS rates. Together, we confirmed that overexpression of GSDMC acts as a promising predictive factor for the poor prognosis of LUAD patients.

6.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(20): 541, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807523

RESUMO

Background: Gliomas are the most frequently occurring malignant brain cancers. Recently, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation, and 1p/19q co-deletion have been suggested to indicate a favorable prognosis in gliomas. However, the clinical prognostic value of these genetic tests in human gliomas is not fully understood. Methods: We included glioma patients who accepted genetic testing including IDH, MGMT and 1p/19q at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in China (Jan 2015 to Jun 2017) and further analyzed the effect of the above gene states in high-grade gliomas. Results: In 103 high-grade glioma patients, IDH mutation, MGMT promoter methylation, and 1p/19q co-deletion had better progression-free survival (PFS) than IDH wild-type (P=0.005), MGMT unmethylated promoter (P=0.002), and without 1p19q co-deletion (P=0.008), respectively. Additionally, we classified the above gliomas into 5 molecular groups, triple-positive, IDH mutation and MGMT methylation, methylation in MGMT only, mutation in IDH only, and triple-negative, according to characteristics of recruited patients. We found that triple-positive gliomas had better PFS than triple-negative cases in high-grade patients (P=0.016). Moreover, the IDH mutation and MGMT methylation groups had prolonged PFS compared to triple-negative (P=0.029). Conclusions: Our study reinforced the clinical value of biomarkers, including 1p/19q co-deletion, IDH mutation, and the most prominent MGMT methylation, as previously described in glioma prognosis. Further, triple-negative patients have poorer PFS, indicating that the states of these genes can be divided into subgroups as a potential prognostic marker for clinical treatment, which requires a larger, multicenter study to testify.

7.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 2683-2691, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695444

RESUMO

Purpose: To describe trends and correlation between antibacterial exposure and bacterial resistance from hospitalized patients in a hospital in southern China. Patients and methods: This study used hospital-wide data regarding antimicrobial resistance and consumption between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2018. Antibacterial consumption was expressed as antimicrobial use density (AUD). The changes in trends and associations between antibacterial utilization and resistance were analyzed using linear regression and time series analysis. Results: The total AUD of all antimicrobials decreased year by year (50.66 in 2014 vs 44.28 in 2018, P=0.03). The annual use of antimicrobials, such as penicillins, monobactams, aminoglycosides, macrolides, and lincosamides, significantly decreased (P<0.05), while the annual use of quinolones and tetracyclines significantly increased (P<0.05). Among the top ten isolated bacteria, antimicrobial resistance trends of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis significantly decreased (P<0.05). Significant positive correlation was found between AUD of carbapenems and resistance rate of Acinetobacter baumannii to imipenem (ß=32.87, P<0.01), as well as the correlation between AUD of quinolones and resistance rate of Enterococcus faecium to levofloxacin (ß=104.40, P<0.01). Conclusion: The consumption of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance has been significantly improved in this tertiary hospital. Additionally, the efforts of China's antibiotic management may be suggested by the relationship between indicated antibiotic resistance and consumption. However, overall AUD levels and poor control of the use of antibiotics, such as quinolones and tetracyclines, still require strengthened management.

8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 7: 217, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632968

RESUMO

Background: LncRNAs have been shown to play essential roles in cancer therapeutic response. However, the detailed mechanism of lncRNAs in temozolomide (TMZ) resistance in glioblastoma (GBM) remain to be elucidated. Methods: To elucidate the mechanism maintaining TMZ resistance, we constructed two TMZ-resistant GBM cell lines (T98G-R/U118-R). LncRNAs from four public datasets were reanalyzed, and the candidate lncRNA ADAMTS9-AS2 was evaluated in TMZ-treated GBM patients and in vitro cell lines. Results: Reanalysis of lncRNA expression profiles identified ADAMTS9-AS2 as significantly overexpressed in TMZ-resistant GBM cells and as positively associated with the IC50 of TMZ in GBM cells. Overexpression of ADAMTS9-AS2 was also significantly associated with poor TMZ response and shorter progression-free survival (PFS) in TMZ-treated GBM patients. Knockdown of ADAMTS9-AS2 inhibited proliferation and attenuated the IC50 of TMZ, as well as mitigating invasion and migration in TMZ-resistant GBM cells. Subsequent investigations indicated that reduced expression of ADAMTS9-AS2 significantly suppressed expression of the FUS protein, which was predicted as a direct substrate of ADAMTS9-AS2. Expression trends of FUS were directly correlated with those of ADAMTS9-AS2, as shown by increasing concentrations and prolonged treatment with TMZ. RNA pull-down and RIP assays indicated that both endogenous and exogenous ADAMTS9-AS2 directly binds to the RRM and Znf_RanBP2 domains of FUS, consequently increasing FUS protein expression. Knockdown of ADAMTS9-AS2 reduced the half-life of FUS and decreased FUS protein stability via K48 ubiquitin degradation. Moreover, the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase MDM2 interacts with and down regulates FUS, while the RRM and Znf_RanBP2 domains of FUS facilitate its binding with MDM2. ADAMTS9-AS2 decreased the interaction between MDM2 and FUS, which mediates FUS K48 ubiquitination. Additionally, knockdown of the ADAMTS9-AS2/FUS signaling axis significantly alleviated progression and metastasis in TMZ-resistant cells. Conclusion: ADAMTS9-AS2 possessed a novel function that promotes TMZ resistance via upregulating the FUS/MDM2 axis in GBM cells. The RRM or Znf_RanBP2 domains of FUS facilitate the combination of ADAMTS9-AS2 and FUS, competitively inhibiting MDM2-dependent FUS K48 ubiquitination and resulting in enhanced FUS stability and TMZ resistance. Our results suggest that the ADAMTS9-AS2/FUS/MDM2 axis may represent a suitable prognostic biomarker and a potential target in TMZ-resistant GBM therapy.

12.
Front Oncol ; 9: 852, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552177

RESUMO

Nafamostat mesylate (NM), a synthetic serine protease inhibitor first placed on the market by Japan Tobacco in 1986, has been approved to treat inflammatory-related diseases, such as pancreatitis. Recently, an increasing number of studies have highlighted the promising effects of NM in inhibiting cancer progression. Alone or in combination treatments, studies have shown that NM attenuates various malignant tumors, including pancreatic, colorectal, gastric, gallbladder, and hepatocellular cancers. In this review, based on several activating pathways, including the canonical Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor receptor-1 (TNFR1) signaling pathway, and tumorigenesis-related tryptase secreted by mast cells, we summarize the anticancer properties of NM in existing studies both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the efficacy and side effects of NM in cancer patients are summarized in detail. To further clarify NM's antitumor activities, clinical trials devoted to validating the clinical applications and underlying mechanisms are needed in the future.

13.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222298, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491024

RESUMO

Adenosine deaminase RNA-specific B1 (ADARB1), an adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA-editing enzyme, has been found to play an essential role in the development of cancer. However, the specific function of ADARB1 in lung cancer, especially in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), is still not fully understood and requires further study. In our study, integrative bioinformatics were used to analyze the detailed function of ADARB1 in LUAD. By conducting bioinformatics analyses of several public databases, such as Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), GE-mini, and Oncomine, we found significantly decreased ADARB1 expression in LUAD cells and tissues. Moreover, RT-PCR and Western blot showed lower ADARB1 expression in H358 and A549 LUAD cells compared to human bronchial epithelial Beas-2B cells. Wound Healing Assay indicated that knockdown ADARB1 could promote LUAD cell metastasis. By using the Kaplan-Meier Plotter tool, we found that downregulation of ADARB1 was related to shorter first progression (FP), overall survival time (OS) and post-progression survival time (PPS). The relevant clinical data acquired from the Wanderer database indicated that the expression and methylation values of ADARB1 were significantly associated with the clinical characteristics of LUAD. Using DNA methylation inhibitor, we found DNMT inhibitor 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-azaD) could promote the expression of ADARB1 and reverse the inhibition effect of ADARB1 in migration. In addition, functional enrichment analysis of ADARB1-associated coexpression genes was further conducted. Our investigation demonstrated that low levels of ADARB1 were specifically found in LUAD, and this gene might be a potential target in the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of LUAD patients.

14.
PeerJ ; 7: e7652, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534865

RESUMO

Objective: Aloperine (ALO), an alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Sophora alopecuroides, has been suggested to exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties and is traditionally used to treat various human diseases, including cancer. However, limited information is available about the mechanisms that determine the anti-tumor activities of ALO. Methods: Herein, through comprehensive bioinformatics methods and in vitro functional analyses, we evaluated the detailed anti-tumor mechanisms of ALO. Results: Using the databases Bioinformatics analysis tool for molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine and PubChem Project, we identified the potential targets of ALO. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed to determine the relationship among these probable targets. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that ALO is potentially involved in the induction of apoptosis. In addition, molecular docking demonstrated that ALO expectedly docks into the active pocket of the Bcl2 protein, suggesting Bcl2 as a direct target of ALO. Moreover, western blot and qPCR analysis showed that ALO downregulated Bcl2 expression in human glioma cell lines, SK-N-AS and U118. Using flow cytometry methods, we further confirmed that ALO significantly promotes apoptosis in SK-N-AS and U118 cell lines, similar to the effect induced by ABT-737, a well-known Bcl2 inhibitor. In addition, Bcl-2 overexpression could rescue ALO-induced Bcl-2 inhibition and suppress pro-apoptotic effects in glioma cells. Conclusion: Taken together, these findings suggest that the natural agent ALO effectively enhances apoptosis by acting as a potential Bcl2 inhibitor in human glioma cells.

15.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3642-3648, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485643

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that human complement factor H­related protein 1 (CFHR1) plays a crucial role in the development of malignant diseases. However, few studies have identified the roles of CFHR1 in the occurrence and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). In the present study, comprehensive bioinformatic analyses of data obtained from the Oncomine platform, UALCAN and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) demonstrated that CFHR1 expression is significantly reduced in both LADC tissues and cancer cells. The patients presenting with downregulation of CFHR1 had significantly lower overall survival (OS) and post progression survival (PPS) times. Through analysis of the datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus database, we found that the compound actinomycin D promoted CFHR1 expression, further displaying the cytotoxic effect in the LADC cell line A549. In addition, the expression level of CFHR1 in the cisplatin­resistant LADC cell line CDDP­R (derived from H460) was also significantly reduced. Our research demonstrated that low levels of CFHR1 are specifically found in LADC samples, and CFHR1 could serve as a potential therapeutic target for this subset of lung cancers. Determination of the detailed roles of CFHR1 in LADC biology could provide insightful information for further investigations.

16.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(7): 818-822, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the development of medical social work in China, and provide reference and basis for promoting medical social work in the next stage.
 Methods: A random sampling method was used to survey and analyze the data from questionnaires distributed to hospitals at or above the second level in China.
 Results: Medical social work had been carried out in all parts of the country, but the development was not balanced with the establishment of specialized agencies accounting for about 7.9% of the total survey. Only 17.5% of the hospitals carried out medical social work as a routine work. The medical social work service mainly included volunteer operation and management, patient psychological counseling, and so on.
 Conclusion: The development of medical social work in hospitals in China is still in its infancy, and the regional development is not balanced. Lack of professionals, unclear responsibilities of medical social workers and low social identity of medical social work are the main factors restricting development.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Serviço Social , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 41(5): 1133-1137, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468253

RESUMO

This article reviews the current status of the overuse of intravenous (IV) infusions in China and implications to patient safety, and analyzes factors associated with the overuse. Although many factors contribute to the overuse of IV infusions in China, we focus on the construction of an IV infusion management system and tackling cultural problems as the first step to address issues of IV therapy in this commentary.

20.
Clin Ther ; 41(8): 1631-1637.e4, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174860

RESUMO

This study categorizes the types of inappropriate intravenous prescriptions in hospitalized patients in China. Prescription data from 2016 were retrospectively analyzed based on predefined categories of inappropriateness. Of the 123,521 patients included, 89.2% received intravenous medications, contributing to 80% of the patients' hospital medication costs. Of significant concern, antibiotics and traditional Chinese medicines were administered to 44.3% and 14.5% of hospitalized patients, respectively. Overall, 11.4% of all intravenous prescriptions were classified as inappropriate, with improper diluent and diluent volumes being the primary cause. A team-based collaborative approach is necessary to address this widespread issue in China.

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