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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 384, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: C. sinensis is an important economic crop with fluoride over-accumulation in its leaves, which poses a serious threat to human health due to its leaf consumption as tea. Recently, our study has indicated that cell wall proteins (CWPs) probably play a vital role in fluoride accumulation/detoxification in C. sinensis. However, there has been a lack in CWP identification and characterization up to now. This study is aimed to characterize cell wall proteome of C. sinensis leaves and to develop more CWPs related to stress response. A strategy of combined cell wall proteomics and N-glycoproteomics was employed to investigate CWPs. CWPs were extracted by sequential salt buffers, while N-glycoproteins were enriched by hydrophilic interaction chromatography method using C. sinensis leaves as a material. Afterwards all the proteins were subjected to UPLC-MS/MS analysis. RESULTS: A total of 501 CWPs and 195 CWPs were identified respectively by cell wall proteomics and N-glycoproteomics profiling with 118 CWPs in common. Notably, N-glycoproteomics is a feasible method for CWP identification, and it can enhance CWP coverage. Among identified CWPs, proteins acting on cell wall polysaccharides constitute the largest functional class, most of which might be involved in cell wall structure remodeling. The second largest functional class mainly encompass various proteases related to CWP turnover and maturation. Oxidoreductases represent the third largest functional class, most of which (especially Class III peroxidases) participate in defense response. As expected, identified CWPs are mainly related to plant cell wall formation and defense response. CONCLUSION: This was the first large-scale investigation of CWPs in C. sinensis through cell wall proteomics and N-glycoproteomics. Our results not only provide a database for further research on CWPs, but also an insight into cell wall formation and defense response in C. sinensis.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/química , Parede Celular/química , Fluoretos/análise , Glicoproteínas/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , China , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Proteômica
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5800, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707704

RESUMO

Tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is a well-known Al-accumulating plant, showing a high level of aluminum (Al) tolerance. However, the molecular mechanisms of Al tolerance and accumulation are poorly understood. We carried out transcriptome analysis of tea plant leaves in response to three different Al levels (0, 1, 4 mM, for 7 days). In total, 794, 829 and 585 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained in 4 mM Al vs. 1 mM Al, 0 Al vs. 1 mM Al, and 4 mM Al vs. 0 Al comparisons, respectively. Analysis of genes related to polysaccharide and cell wall metabolism, detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS), cellular transport, and signal transduction were involved in the Al stress response. Furthermore, the transcription factors such as zinc finger, myeloblastosis (MYB), and WRKY played a critical role in transcriptional regulation of genes associated with Al resistance in tea plant. In addition, the genes involved in phenolics biosynthesis and decomposition were overwhelmingly upregulated in the leaves treated with either 0 Al and 4 mM Al stress, indicating they may play an important role in Al tolerance. These results will further help us to understand mechanisms of Al stress and tolerance in tea plants regulated at the transcriptional level.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3489, 2020 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103067

RESUMO

Qingzhuan tea (QZT), a post-fermented tea, has been reported to have anti-obesity and anti-hyperglycemic effects, perhaps due to bioactive compounds that inhibit lipase and α-amylase. It is unknown what chemical constituents' changes and what bioactive compounds occur during the manufacture of QZT. The aim of this study was to determine the secondary metabolites changes that occur during post-fermentation and how these changes affect the ability of QZT to inhibit the activities of lipase and α-amylase. During the processing steps, metabolites levels and their inhibitory effects on lipase and α-amylase were assessed. Changes in content and activities suggested that the first turn over or the second turn over was critical for the formation and conversion of bioactive compounds responsible for the anti-obesity and hypoglycemic effects. The relationship between constituents and activities was further evaluated by correlation analysis, which showed that amino acids and flavonoids might be responsible for the anti-obesity and anti-hyperglycemic effects of QZT. This study clarified that compounds were altered during pile fermentation of QZT and tentatively identified the bioactive compounds formed during QZT manufacture.


Assuntos
Lipase/metabolismo , Chá/química , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo , Cafeína/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fermentação , Lipase/antagonistas & inibidores , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Polifenóis/análise , Análise de Componente Principal , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14123, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575979

RESUMO

Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are widely known to be present in higher plants and are believed to play important functional roles in embryonic development and abiotic stress responses. However, there is a current lack of systematic analyses on the LEA protein gene family in tea plant. In this study, a total of 48 LEA genes were identified using Hidden Markov Model profiles in C. sinensis, and were classified into seven distinct groups based on their conserved domains and phylogenetic relationships. Genes in the CsLEA_2 group were found to be the most abundant. Gene expression analyses revealed that all the identified CsLEA genes were expressed in at least one tissue, and most had higher expression levels in the root or seed relative to other tested tissues. Nearly all the CsLEA genes were found to be involved in seed development, and thirty-nine might play an important role in tea seed maturation concurrent with dehydration. However, only sixteen CsLEA genes were involved in seed desiccation, and furthermore, most were suppressed. Additionally, forty-six CsLEA genes could be induced by at least one of the tested stress treatments, and they were especially sensitive to high temperature stress. Furthermore, it was found that eleven CsLEA genes were involved in tea plant in response to all tested abiotic stresses. Overall, this study provides new insights into the formation of CsLEA gene family members and improves our understanding on the potential roles of these genes in normal development processes and abiotic stress responses in tea plant, particularly during seed development and desiccation. These results are beneficial for future functional studies of CsLEA genes that will help preserve the recalcitrant tea seeds for a long time and genetically improve tea plant.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Genoma de Planta/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Sementes/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Chá/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Filogenia
5.
Int J Genomics ; 2018: 5963797, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967765

RESUMO

The tea plant (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) is an economically important woody perennial nonalcoholic health beverage crop. Tea seeds are categorized as recalcitrant and are sensitive to dehydration treatment. However, the molecular basis of this phenomenon has not been investigated. Thus, we analyzed the genome-wide expression profiles of three dehydration stages using RNA-Seq and digital gene expression (DGE) technologies. We performed de novo assembly and obtained a total of 91,925 nonredundant unigenes, of which 58,472 were extensively annotated. By a hierarchical clustering of differentially expressed genes (DEGs), we found that 8929 DEGs were downregulated and 5875 DEGs were upregulated during dehydration treatment. A series of genes related to ABA biosynthesis and signal transduction, transcription factor, antioxidant enzyme, LEA protein, and proline metabolism that have been reported to function in dehydration process were found to be downregulated. Additionally, the expression profiles of 12 selected genes related to tea seed dehydration treatment were confirmed by qRT-PCR analysis. To our knowledge, this is the first genome-wide study elucidating the possible molecular mechanisms of sensitivity of recalcitrant tea seeds to dehydration. The results obtained in this study contribute to the preservation of tea seeds as genetic resources and can also be used to explore the mechanism of dehydration sensitivity of other recalcitrant seeds.

6.
J Proteomics ; 176: 71-81, 2018 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29408313

RESUMO

The tea plant is a fluoride hyperaccumulator, and fluoride accumulation in its leaves is closely related to human health. To dissect molecular mechanisms underlying fluoride accumulation/detoxification, the leaves of tea seedlings exposed to different fluoride treatments for 30 days were sampled for physiological and proteomics analyses. The results showed that fluoride had no adverse effects on the growth of tea seedlings in spite of high content fluoride accumulation in their leaves. Through TMT coupled with UPLC MS/MS, 189 differentially accumulated proteins were quantified, of which 41 and 148 were localized in the cell wall and cellular compartments respectively. 41 cell wall proteins were mainly conductive to cell wall structure rearrangement, signaling modulation and the protection cells from damages; 148 cellular compartments proteins mainly contributed to diverse metabolisms reprogramming, energy reallocation and plant defense. Notably, upregulation of several proteins including GHs, smHSPs, DRT100, YLS2-like, primary amine oxidase, GDSL esterase/lipases and citrate synthase probably enhanced the defense of tea seedlings against fluoride. Collectively, our results presented a comprehensive proteomics analysis on the leaves of tea seedlings in response to fluoride, which would contribute to further deciphering of molecular mechanisms underlying fluoride accumulation/detoxification in tea plant. SIGNIFICANCE: The tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is an important economic crop with its made tea occupying up the third non-alcohol beverage in the world. Tea plant is also a fluoride hyperaccumulator with up to 98% fluoride accumulation in the leaves by initiative absorption. Due to the fact that about 40% to 90% of fluoride could be readily released into tea infusion and then absorbed by human body, overaccumulation of fluoride in tea leaves is closely related to human health. Therefore, it is very necessary to deeply dissect the mechanisms underlying fluoride accumulation/detoxification in tea plant. Previously, numerous studies were conducted to investigate fluoride specification and fluoride localization of tea plant at morphological, physiological and biochemical levels, which documented that fluoride was majorly immobilized in the cell walls and stored in the vacuoles in the form of fluoride-ligands complexes. However, the molecular mechanisms governing cell wall immobilization and vacuolar compartmentation of fluoride were still remaining unknown. Thus, a quantitative proteomics study into the leaves of tea seedlings upon exposure to fluoride was performed in current study. Our results showed that 41 and 148 of 189 differentially accumulated proteins were targeted into the cell wall and cellular compartments respectively, revealing that cell wall proteins and cellular compartments proteins played crucial roles in the response of tea seedlings to fluoride. Our results were also in good agreement with the idea that the cell wall was involved in fluoride accumulation/detoxification in tea plant. However, the functions of key interested differentially accumulated proteins need be further analyzed in follow-up work.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Proteômica/métodos , Compartimento Celular , Parede Celular/química , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Fluoretos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plântula
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