Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 137
Filtrar
1.
J Infect ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are a lack of consistency among articles in regards to the evolution of peripheral immune biomarkers after HCV therapy. We aimed to detect the most relevant changes in peripheral immune biomarkers among HIV/HCV-coinfected patients who achieved sustained virologic response (SVR) following peg-IFN-α/ribavirin therapy and to evaluate its normalization with respect to an HIV-monoinfected control group. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study in 99 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients with samples at baseline (HIV/HCV-b-group) and at week 24 after SVR (HIV/HCV-f-group). We also used a control group of 39 HIV-monoinfected patients (HIV-group) negative for HCV and HBV infections, and who had undetectable HIV viral load and CD4+ >500 cells/mm3. Peripheral T cell subsets were assessed by flow cytometry and plasma biomarkers by immunoassays. RESULTS: HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had higher values of in IL-10, IL-4, IP-10, IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-18, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-12p70, TNF-α, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, and sTNFR-1 than HIV control subjects, both at the beginning and at the end of follow-up. Moreover, three biomarkers (CD4+CD38+, telomere length, and IL-1RA) were normalized in relation to the control group at the end of follow-up (the HIV/HCV-b group had higher values and the HIV/HCV-f group had similar values as the HIV-group). Additionally, LPS, IL-2, and IL-17A levels were higher in the HIV/HCV-f group than the HIV-group (24 weeks after SVR). During the follow-up, HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had a significant decrease by the end of follow-up in CD8+CD45RA-CD28+, CD4+CD38+, CD4+CD25+CD127-/low, CD4+CD25+CD127-/low CD45RA-, FABP2, LBP, IP-10, sVCAM1. Only CD4+CD38+ was normalized. CONCLUSION: HIV/HCV-patients showed a slight improvement in the overall profile of immune biomarkers after achieving SVR.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12163, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434968

RESUMO

The main targets for neutralizing anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies (HCV-nAbs) are the E1 and E2 envelope glycoproteins. We have studied the characteristics of HCV-nAbs through a retrospective study involving 29 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) with peg-IFNα + ribavirin anti-HCV therapy. Plasma samples at baseline and week 24 after SVR were used to perform neutralization assays against five JFH1-based HCV recombinant viruses coding for E1 and E2 from genotypes 1a (H77), 1b (J4), 2a (JFH1), 3a (S52) and 4a (ED43). At baseline, the majority of plasma samples neutralized 1a, 1b, 2a, and 4a, but not 3a, genotypes. Twenty-four weeks following SVR, most neutralizing titers declined substantially. Furthermore, titers against 3a and 2a were not detected in many patients. Plasma samples with high HCV-nAb titers neutralized all genotypes, and the highest titers at the starting point correlated with the highest titers at week 24 after SVR. In conclusion, high titers of broad-spectrum HCV-nAbs were detected in HIV/HCV-coinfected individuals, however, those titers declined soon after SVR.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220459, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393887

RESUMO

Certain host genetic variants, especially in the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) region, are associated with different progression of HIV-1-induced diseases and AIDS. Long term non progressors (LTNP) represent only the 2% of infected patients but are especially relevant because of their efficient HIV control. In this work we present a global analysis of genetic data in the large national multicenter cohort of Spanish LTNP, which is compared with seronegative individuals and HIV-positive patients. We have analyzed whether several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including in key genes and certain HLA-A and B alleles could be associated with a specific HIV phenotype. A total of 846 individuals, 398 HIV-1-positive patients (213 typical progressors, 55 AIDS patients, and 130 LTNPs) and 448 HIV-negative controls, were genotyped for 15 polymorphisms and HLA-A and B alleles. Significant differences in the allele frequencies among the studied populations identified 16 LTNP-associated genetic factors, 5 of which were defined for the first time as related to LTNP phenotype: the protective effect of HLA-B39, and the detrimental impact of HLA-B18, -A24, -B08 and -A29. The remaining eleven polymorphisms confirmed previous publications, including the protective alleles HLA-B57, rs2395029 (HCP5), HLA bw4 homozygosity, HLA-B52, HLA-B27, CCR2 V64I, rs9264942 (HLA-C) and HLA-A03; and the risk allele HLA bw6 homozygosity. Notably, individual Spanish HIV-negative individuals had an average of 0.12 protective HLA alleles and SNPs, compared with an average of 1.43 protective alleles per LTNP patient, strongly suggesting positive selection of LTNP. Finally, stratification of LTNP according to viral load showed a proportional relationship between the frequency of protective alleles with control of viral load. Interestingly, no differences in the frequency of protection/risk polymorphisms were found between elite controllers and LTNPs maintaining viral loads <2.000 copies/mL throughout the follow-up.

4.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 157(4): 231-238, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933949

RESUMO

Constitutional complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) are rare events that typically involve 2 or more chromosomes with at least 3 breakpoints and can result in normal or abnormal phenotypes depending on whether they disturb the euchromatic neighborhood. Here, we report an unusual balanced CCR involving chromosomes 1, 9, and 10 that causes an unbalanced karyotype in a severely affected toddler. The CCR was initially reported as a maternal 2-way translocation but was reclassified as a 3-way translocation after a microarray analysis of the propositus revealed the involvement of another chromosome not identified by G-banding in his phenotypically normal mother. FISH assays on maternal metaphase cells confirmed that the 1qter region of der(1) was translocated to der(10), whereas the 10qter segment was translocated to der(9), which in turn donated a segment to der(1). Subsequently, this CCR was also identified in her phenotypically normal father (the patient's grandfather). Thus, the patient inherited the previously unreported pathogenic combination of der(1) with a loss of 1q43→qter (including AKT3, ZBTB18, HNRNPU, and SMYD3) and der(9) with a gain of 10q25.2→qter (including FGFR2), leading to a compound phenotype with key features of the 1q43→qter deletion and distal 10q trisomy syndromes. Our observations suggest that the loss of SMYD3 accounts for cardiac defects in a subset of patients. Moreover, due to recurrent miscarriages in this family, our findings allowed improved genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 10/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Aconselhamento Genético , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Translocação Genética
5.
AIDS ; 33(4): 685-689, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We analysed hepatitis C virus (HCV) reinfection among participants in a prospective registry of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients treated with all-oral direct-acting antiretroviral (DAA)-based therapy in the region of Madrid. DESIGN: An observational cohort study. METHODS: The study period started on the date sustained viral response (SVR) was confirmed. The censoring date was 31 December 2017. SVR was defined as negative HCV-RNA 12 weeks after completion of treatment. Reinfection was defined as a positive HCV-RNA test result after achievement of SVR. RESULTS: Reinfections were detected in 17 of 2359 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients (0.72%) overall, in 12 out of 177 (6.78%) MSM and in five out of 1459 (0.34%) people who inject drugs (PWID). The incidence of reinfection [95% confidence interval (95% CI)] per 100 person-years was 0.48 (0.30-0.77) overall, 5.93 (3.37-10.44) for MSM and 0.21 (0.09-0.52) for PWID. Reinfections were detected a median of 15 weeks (interquartile range 13-26) after SVR. In 10 (58.82%) patients, the reinfection was caused by a different HCV genotype. All 12 MSM with reinfection acknowledged unprotected anal intercourse with several partners, seven used chemsex, six reported fisting and four practiced slamming. A concomitant STI was detected in five patients. Four IDU with reinfection reported injecting drugs following SVR. CONCLUSION: HCV reinfection is a matter of concern in HIV-positive MSM treated with all-oral DAA therapy in the region of Madrid. Our data suggest that prevention strategies and frequent testing with HCV-RNA should be applied following SVR in MSM who engage in high-risk practices.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1143, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718554

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has emerged as a relevant pathogen for HIV-infected patients. However, there is scarce data on HEV infection in HIV/HCV-coinfected individuals with advanced fibrosis, which seems to increase the risk of HEV infection and worsen the prognosis of liver disease. We aimed to determine the prevalence of anti-HEV antibodies, acute hepatitis E, resolved hepatitis E, and exposure to HEV in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients and to evaluate associations with clinical and epidemiological characteristics. We performed a cross-sectional study on 198 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, 30 healthy controls and 36 HIV-monoinfected patients. We found a low concordance between techniques used for detection of anti-HEV antibodies (ELISA versus Immunoblot), particularly in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients showed the highest prevalence of IgG against HEV, resolved hepatitis E, and exposure to HEV (19.2%, 17.2%, and 22.2% respectively). However, we did not find any samples positive for HEV-RNA nor significant differences between groups. Moreover, HIV/HCV-coinfected patients with CD4 T-cells <350 cells/mm3 had higher prevalence for anti-HEV IgG antibodies, resolved hepatitis E, and exposure to HEV than healthy controls or those with CD4 T-cells ≥ 350 cells/mm3 (p = 0.034, p = 0.035, and p = 0.053; respectively). In conclusion, HIV/HCV-coinfected patients in Spain have a high prevalence for IgG anti-HEV antibodies, resolved hepatitis E, and exposure to HEV; particularly patients with CD4+T-cells <350 cells/mm3.

7.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data of hepatitis C treatment with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in HIV infected patients are limited to a few number of antiretroviral therapies (ART). The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of non-conventional ART as monotherapy or dual therapy (MDT) when combined with DAA. METHODS: Retrospective review of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients treated with DAAs during one year in 3 centers. Sustained virologic response 12 weeks after therapy (SVR) and maintenance of HIV viral suppression were compared between patients receiving triple ART (TT) or MDT. RESULTS: Overall 485 patients were included (359 receiving TT and 126 MDT). HCV SVR was 93.4% (95%CI, 90.8% to 95.3%) in the intention-to-treat analysis without differences between groups: 92.8% on TT vs 95.2% on MDT (p=0.3). HCV virological failure was associated with lower CD4+cell count at baseline (for every 100-cell/µl increment: OR, 0.8; 95%CI, 0.7-0.9; p=0.01) and with liver stiffness (for every 10-unit increment: OR, 1.5; 95%CI 1.2-1.8; p<0.01). HIV-RNA during HCV treatment or 12 weeks after was detectable in 23 patients on TT (6.6%) and 9 (7.2%) patients on MDT (p=0.8). The median (IQR) change in CD4+cell count was not significantly different between the groups: 15 (-55 to 115) in TT vs -12 (-68 to 133) cells/µl in MDT (p=0.8). CONCLUSION: DAAs obtain high rates of SVR among HIV/HCV-coinfected patients independently of whether TT or non-conventional ART is used. Suppression of HIV was maintained in both groups.

8.
Cells ; 7(11)2018 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced cirrhosis is related to alterations in immunity. We aimed to evaluate the levels of peripheral CD4⁺ T cells (Tregs) and plasma cytokine in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) according to liver fibrosis stages [evaluated as liver stiffness measure (LSM)] and their linear relationship. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on 238 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients (119 had <12.5 kPa, 73 had 12.5⁻25 kPa, and 46 had >25 kPa). Peripheral T-cell subsets were phenotyped by flow cytometry, plasma biomarkers were assessed by multiplex immunoassays, and LSM was assessed by transient elastography. Results: We found HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had higher values of CD4⁺ Tregs (p < 0.001), memory Tregs (p ≤ 0.001), and plasma cytokine levels [IFN-γ (p ≤ 0.05) and IL-10 (p ≤ 0.01)] compared with healthy donors and HIV-monoinfected patients. In the multivariate analysis, higher LSM values were associated with reduced levels of IL-10 (adjusted arithmetic mean ratio (aAMR) = 0.83; p = 0.019), IL-2 (aAMR = 0.78; p = 0.017), TNF-α (aAMR = 0.67; p < 0.001), and IL-17A (aAMR = 0.75; p = 0.006). When we focus on HIV/HCV-coinfected patients analyzed by LSM strata, patients with ≥25 kPa had lower values of IL-2 (aAMR = 0.66; p = 0.021), TNF-α (aAMR = 0.565; p = 0.003), and IL-17A (aAMR = 0.58; p = 0.003) than patients with <12.5 kPa. CONCLUSION: HIV/HCV-coinfected patients showed an immunosuppressive profile compared to healthy controls and HIV-monoinfected patients. Additionally, HIV/HCV-coinfected patients with advanced cirrhosis (LSM ≥ 25 kPa) had the lowest plasma values of cytokines related to Th1 (IL-2 and TNF-α) and Th17 (IL-17A) response.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(38): e12238, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30235668

RESUMO

We assessed the effect of co-infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) on immunological and virological response at 48 weeks from initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART).We included patients from the Cohort of Spanish HIV Research Network (CoRIS) starting ART between January 2004 and November 2014, had at least 1 CD4 T-cell count and viral load measurements both in the previous 6 months and at 48 (±12) weeks from ART initiation, and HCV serology before ART initiation. We used linear regression for mean differences in CD4 T-cell count increase from ART initiation and logistic regression to estimate odds ratios for virological response.Of 12,239 patients by November 30, 2015, 5070 met inclusion criteria: 4382 (86.4%) HIV mono-infected and 688 (13.6%) HIV/HCV co-infected. Co-infected patients were more likely to have acquired HIV through injecting drugs use (57.4% vs. 1.1%), to be women, older, and Spanish, have a lower educational level, and having started ART with lower CD4 counts and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. CD4 T-cell count increase at 48 weeks was 229.7 cell/µL in HIV-monoinfected and 161.9 cell/µL in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. The percentages of patients achieving a virological response at 48 weeks were 87.0% and 78.3% in mono and coinfected patients, respectively. Multivariable analyses showed that at 48 weeks, coinfected patients increased 44.5 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 24.8-64.3) cells/µL less than monoinfected and had lower probability of virological response (odds ratio: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.44-0.88).HIV/HCV-coinfected patients have lower immunological and virological responses at 48 weeks from ART initiation than monoinfected patients.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Coinfecção/imunologia , Feminino , Hepatite C/imunologia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/epidemiologia , Carga Viral
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193823

RESUMO

Exosome-derived miR-21 was independently associated with CD4 T cell decline in HIV-1-infected elite controllers (OR 0.369, 95% CI 0.137-0.994, p = 0.049). Also, a negative correlation between miR-21 expression and MCP-1 level was found (r = -0.649, p = 0.020), while no correlation between soluble biomarkers or cellular immune activation was found.

11.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1399, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967620

RESUMO

Our aim was to analyze the relationship between plasma inflammatory biomarkers and CD4+ T-cells evolution in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) elite controllers (HIV-ECs) with a suppressed viremia. We carried out a retrospective study in 30 HIV-ECs classified into two groups: those showing no significant loss of CD4+ T-cells during the observation period (stable CD4+, n = 19) and those showing a significant decrease of CD4+ T-cells (decline CD4+, n = 11). Baseline plasma biomarkers were measured using a multiplex immunoassay: sTNF-R1, TRAIL, sFas (APO), sFasL, TNF-α, TNF-ß, IL-8, IL-18, IL-6, IL-10, IP-10, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-1ß, RANTES, SDF1α, GRO-α, and CCL11. Baseline levels of sTNF-R1 and CCL11 and sTNF-R1/TNF-α ratio correlated with the slope of CD4+ T-cells (cells/µl/year) during follow-up [r = -0.370 (p = 0.043), r = -0.314 (p = 0.091), and r = -0.381 (p = 0.038); respectively]. HIV-ECs with declining CD4+ T-cells had higher baseline plasma levels of sTNF-R1 [1,500.7 (555.7; 2,060.7) pg/ml vs. 450.8 (227.9; 1,263.9) pg/ml; p = 0.018] and CCL11 [29.8 (23.5; 54.9) vs. 19.2 (17.8; 29.9) pg/ml; p = 0.041], and sTNF-R1/TNF-α ratio [84.7 (33.2; 124.2) vs. 25.9 (16.3; 75.1); p = 0.012] than HIV-1 ECs with stable CD4+ T-cells. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve [area under ROC curve (AUROC)] were 0.758 ± 0.093 (sTNF-R1), 0.727 ± 0.096 (CCL11), and 0.777 ± 0.087 (sTNF-R1/TNF-α). The cut-off of 75th percentile (high values) for these biomarkers had 71.4% positive predictive value and 73.9% negative predictive value for anticipating the evolution of CD4+ T-cells. In conclusion, the loss of CD4+ T-cells in HIV-ECs was associated with higher levels of two plasma inflammatory biomarkers (sTNF-R1 and CCL11), which were also reasonably accurate for the prediction of the CD4+ T-cells loss.

12.
J Infect Dis ; 218(10): 1531-1540, 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912427

RESUMO

Background: Tenofovir is a potent inhibitor of human telomerase. The clinical relevance of this inhibition is unknown. Methods: A prospective cohort of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected participants with suppressed virological replication was recruited to compare whole-blood telomere length (measured by quantitative multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis) in participants with current exposure to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to that in participants never exposed to TDF. Results: A total of 172 participants were included: 67 were in the TDF group, and 105 were in the non-TDF group (75 were receiving 2 nucleosides [of whom 69 were receiving abacavir], 25 were receiving a nucleos[t]ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor [N{t}RTI]-sparing regimen, and 5 were receiving lamivudine as the only nucleoside). After 2 years, the mean blood telomere length increased significantly in the whole cohort. The TDF group had significantly smaller gains in telomere length than the non-TDF group. In the analysis restricted to participants receiving N(t)RTIs, TDF exposure was not associated with an independent negative effect. In the non-TDF group, participants treated with 2 nucleosides also had significantly smaller gains in telomere length than those receiving N(t)RTI-sparing regimens or lamivudine as the only nucleoside. Discussion: In HIV-infected adults with prolonged virological suppression, treatment with TDF or abacavir was associated with smaller gains in blood telomere length after 2 years of follow-up.

13.
Naturwissenschaften ; 105(3-4): 31, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616351

RESUMO

The role of badges as indicators of contest ability has been previously described. In hummingbirds, the exhibition of a badge is expected to save energy expenditure in agonistic interactions and to favor energy intake. Here, we investigate whether variable supercilium size in the white-eared hummingbird has a role in dominance status signaling. Firstly, 45 hummingbird males were captured and their superciliums were photographed to investigate variation in size and any possible allometric relationships. Secondly, 42 male birds were used to analyze whether the supercilium has a role in dominance status signaling in a dyadic contest. We found that supercilium size varied continuously but that despite variability between individuals, there was no relationship between supercilium size and body size. However, our dyad experiment indicated that birds with larger badges were able to make more visits to the feeders than individuals with smaller badges. We suggest a status signaling function of the supercilium.


Assuntos
Comunicação Animal , Aves/anatomia & histologia , Aves/fisiologia , Predomínio Social , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Masculino
14.
J Clin Lipidol ; 12(3): 693-701, 2018 May - Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29576406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disorder that causes accumulation of serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and premature cardiovascular disease. It is mainly related to mutations in the LDLR gene. Homozygous FH (HoFH) patients have the most severe form of the disease accounting for a worldwide prevalence of 1:1,000,000. In Mexico, at least 5 cases of HoFH have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, biochemical, and molecular data observed in patients with HoFH phenotype. METHODS: We included 13 patients, belonging to 11 families, with clinical and biochemical diagnoses suggestive of HoFH. Molecular analyses of the LDLR and APOB genes were performed by means of polymerase chain reaction followed by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The causal mutation of HoFH was found in 8 of 11 unrelated patients. Excepting 1, all were true homozygotes. Six different variants in LDLR were identified: c.-139delCTCCCCCTGC, p.Glu140Lys, p.Asp360His, p.Asn405Lys, p.Ala755Glyfs*7, and p.Leu759Serfs*6. Of these, p.Asp360His and p.Asn405Lys were detected for the first time in Mexico; p.Leu759Serfs*6 showed to be the most frequent (43.7% of the alleles 7/16), and c.-139delCTCCCCCTGC is a new variant located in the promoter region. CONCLUSIONS: This work increases knowledge of biochemical and genetic features in Mexican patients with HoFH. A novel mutation in the LDLR gene promoter was detected: c.-139delCTCCCCCTGC, which possibly inhibits its expression.

15.
AIDS ; 32(9): 1095-1105, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29438197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Immune dysregulation is a hallmark of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and biomarkers of T-cell activation, bacterial translocation, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and coagulopathy in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We studied 238 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, 32 healthy controls, and 39 HIV-monoinfected patients. Patients were stratified according to LSM into four groups: less than 12.5, 12.5-25, 25-40, and more than 40 kPa. T-cell subsets were measured using flow cytometry and plasma biomarkers using immunoassays. RESULTS: HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had higher biomarker levels of immune activation in peripheral blood [T-cell activation (CD4CD38 and CD8CD38), bacterial translocation (soluble CD14), inflammation [IL-1b, IL-6, IL-8, IL-18, IFN-γ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10)] endothelial dysfunction [soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM1), soluble intercellular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM1), and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNFR1)], and coagulopathy (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1)] than healthy controls and HIV-monoinfected patients. Moreover, in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, a direct relationship between LSM and immune activation [T-cell activation (CD8CD38 bacterial translocation (lipopolysaccharide), inflammation (IL-8, IP-10), endothelial dysfunction (sVCAM1, sICAM1, and sTNFR1), and coagulopathy (D-dimer)] was found. Subsequently, patients were stratified into different fibrosis stages, finding that patients with cirrhosis who had LSM at least 40 kPa showed higher biomarker values of immune activation [T-cell activation (CD4CD38 and CD8CD38), bacterial translocation (lipopolysaccharide), inflammation (IL-8, IL-6, IP-10), endothelial dysfunction (sVCAM1, sICAM1, and sTNFR1), and coagulopathy (D-dimer)] than patients from the other three groups (<12.5, 12.5-25, and 25-40 kPa). CONCLUSION: T-cell activation, bacterial translocation, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and coagulopathy increased with the severity of liver fibrosis in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, particularly in patients who had LSM at least 40 kPa.

16.
Hepatology ; 68(1): 32-47, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29377274

RESUMO

We evaluated treatment outcomes in a prospective registry of human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients treated with interferon-free direct-acting antiviral agent-based therapy in hospitals from the region of Madrid between November 2014 and August 2016. We assessed sustained viral response at 12 weeks after completion of treatment and used multivariable logistic regression to identify predictors of treatment failure. We evaluated 2,369 patients, of whom 59.5% did not have cirrhosis, 33.9% had compensated cirrhosis, and 6.6% had decompensated cirrhosis. The predominant HCV genotypes were 1a (40.9%), 4 (22.4%), 1b (15.1%), and 3 (15.0%). Treatment regimens included sofosbuvir (SOF)/ledipasvir (61.9%), SOF plus daclatasvir (14.6%), dasabuvir plus ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir (13.2%), and other regimens (10.3%). Ribavirin was used in 30.6% of patients. Less than 1% of patients discontinued therapy owing to adverse events. The frequency of sustained viral response by intention-to-treat analysis was 92.0% (95% confidence interval, 90.9%-93.1%) overall, 93.8% (92.4%-95.0%) for no cirrhosis, 91.0% (88.8%-92.9%) for compensated cirrhosis, and 80.8% (73.7%-86.6%) for decompensated cirrhosis. The factors associated with treatment failure were male sex (adjusted odds ratio, 1.75; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.69), Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention category C (adjusted odds ratio, 1.65; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.41), a baseline cluster of differentiation 4-positive (CD4+) T-cell count <200/mm3 (adjusted odds ratio, 2.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-3.92), an HCV RNA load ≥800,000 IU/mL (adjusted odds ratio, 1.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.36), compensated cirrhosis (adjusted odds ratio, 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.96-1.89), decompensated cirrhosis (adjusted odds ratio, 2.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-4.87), and the use of SOF plus simeprevir, SOF plus ribavirin, and simeprevir plus daclatasvir. CONCLUSION: In this large real-world study, direct-acting antiviral agent-based therapy was safe and highly effective in coinfected patients; predictors of failure included gender, human immunodeficiency virus-related immunosuppression, HCV RNA load, severity of liver disease, and the use of suboptimal direct-acting antiviral agent-based regimens. (Hepatology 2018;68:32-47).

17.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 5(1): ofx258, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29354658

RESUMO

Background: We assessed the prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV-Abs) and active HCV infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Spain in 2016 and compared the results with those of similar studies performed in 2002, 2009, and 2015. Methods: The study was performed in 43 centers during October-November 2016. The sample was estimated for an accuracy of 2% and selected by proportional allocation and simple random sampling. During 2016, criteria for therapy based on direct-acting antiviral agents (DAA) were at least significant liver fibrosis, severe extrahepatic manifestations of HCV, and high risk of HCV transmissibility. Results: The reference population and the sample size were 38904 and 1588 patients, respectively. The prevalence of HCV-Abs in 2002, 2009, 2015, and 2016 was 60.8%, 50.2%, 37.7%, and 34.6%, respectively (P trend <.001, from 2002 to 2015). The prevalence of active HCV in 2002, 2009, 2015, and 2016 was 54.0%, 34.0%, 22.1%, and 11.7%, respectively (P trend <.001). The anti-HCV treatment uptake in 2002, 2009, 2015, and 2016 was 23.0%, 48.0%, 59.3%, and 74.7%, respectively (P trend <.001). In 2016, HCV-related cirrhosis was present in 7.6% of all HIV-infected individuals, 15.0% of patients with active HCV, and 31.5% of patients who cleared HCV after anti-HCV therapy. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that with universal access to DAA-based therapy and continued efforts in prevention and screening, it will be possible to eliminate active HCV among HIV-infected individuals in Spain in the short term. However, the burden of HCV-related cirrhosis will continue to be significant among HIV-infected individuals.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-170109

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of single-tablet regimens (STR) and multiple-tablet regimens (MTR) with exactly the same or different components. Methods: A study was conducted on HIV-1-infected antiretroviral-naïve patients from 6 Spanish or French centers, who were started on treatment with STR-Atripla®, or the same components separately (MTR-SC), or a different MTR (MTR-Other). Effectiveness was measured as percentage of HIV-RNA <50copies/mL at 48 weeks (ITT). Efficiency was the ratio between costs (direct cost of antiretrovirals plus outpatient visits, hospital admissions, and resistance tests) and effectiveness. Results: The study included a total of 2773 patients (759 STR-Atripla®, 483 MTR-SC, and 1531 MTR-Other). Median age was 37 years, 15% were HCV co-infected, 27% had a CD4+ count <200cells/μL, and 30% had viral load ≥100.000copies/mL. The duration of the assigned treatment was longer for STR-Atripla® (P<.0001). Response rates (adjusted for CD4+ count, viral load, and clustered on hospitals) at 48 weeks were 76%, 74%, and 62%, respectively (P<.0001). Virological failure was more common in MTR patients (P=.0025), and interruptions due to intolerance with MTR-Other (P<.0001). Cost per responder at 48 weeks (efficiency) was euros12,406 with STR-Atripla®, euros11,034 with MTR-SC (0.89 [0.82, 0.99] times lower), and euros18,353 (1.48 [1.38, 1.61] times higher) with MTR-Other. Conclusions: STR-Atripla® and MTR-SC regimens showed similar effectiveness, but virological failure rate was lower with STR-Atripla. MTR-SC, considered less convenient, had a marginally better efficiency, mainly due to lower direct costs. MTR-Other regimens had both a worse effectiveness and efficiency. Similar efficiency analyses adjusting for baseline characteristics should be recommended for new STRs (AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la eficiencia de un régimen antirretroviral de comprimido único diario (STR) y de regímenes de múltiples comprimidos (MTR) con exactamente los mismos (MTR-SC) o distintos componentes (MTR-Other). Métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes con infección por VIH-1 no tratados de 6 centros españoles o franceses que iniciaron tratamiento con STR-Atripla®, MTR-SC, o MTR-Other. La eficacia se midió como el porcentaje de VIH-ARN <50copias/ml (48 semanas, ITT). La eficiencia fue el cociente entre los costes (costes directos de los antirretrovirales, visitas ambulatorias, ingresos y estudios de resistencia) y la eficacia. Resultados: Fueron incluidos 2.773 pacientes (759 STR-Atripla®, 483 MTR-SC, 1.531 MTR-Other) con una edad media de 37 años, el 15% coinfectados por VHC, el 27% con CD4+ <200células/μl y el 30% con carga viral ≥100.000copias/ml. La duración del tratamiento asignado fue mayor para STR-Atripla® (p<0,0001). La respuesta (ajustada para CD4+, carga viral y centro hospitalario) a 48 semanas fue del 76, 74 y 62%, respectivamente (p<0,0001). El fracaso virológico fue más frecuente con ambos MTR (p=0,0025), y las interrupciones por intolerancia lo fueron con MTR-Other (p<0,0001). El coste por respondedor a 48 semanas (eficiencia) fue 12.406euros con STR-Atripla®, 11.034euros con MTR-SC (0,89 [0,82-0,99] veces menor), y 18.353euros (1,48 [1,38-1,61] veces mayor) con MTR-Other. Conclusiones: STR-Atripla® y MTR-SC mostraron una eficacia similar, pero con menor fracaso virológico con STR-Atripla. MTR-SC, considerado menos conveniente, tuvo una eficiencia marginalmente mayor, principalmente debido a menores costes directos. MTR-Other tuvo una eficacia y eficiencia peores. Deberían recomendarse estudios similares con otros nuevos STR ajustados a las características basales de los pacientes (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/economia , Antirretrovirais/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , HIV-1 , Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos , Avaliação de Custo-Efetividade , Dose Única/métodos , Análise Estatística
19.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 36(1): 16-20, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27595183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of single-tablet regimens (STR) and multiple-tablet regimens (MTR) with exactly the same or different components. METHODS: A study was conducted on HIV-1-infected antiretroviral-naïve patients from 6 Spanish or French centers, who were started on treatment with STR-Atripla®, or the same components separately (MTR-SC), or a different MTR (MTR-Other). Effectiveness was measured as percentage of HIV-RNA <50copies/mL at 48 weeks (ITT). Efficiency was the ratio between costs (direct cost of antiretrovirals plus outpatient visits, hospital admissions, and resistance tests) and effectiveness. RESULTS: The study included a total of 2773 patients (759 STR-Atripla®, 483 MTR-SC, and 1531 MTR-Other). Median age was 37 years, 15% were HCV co-infected, 27% had a CD4+ count <200cells/µL, and 30% had viral load ≥100.000copies/mL. The duration of the assigned treatment was longer for STR-Atripla® (P<.0001). Response rates (adjusted for CD4+ count, viral load, and clustered on hospitals) at 48 weeks were 76%, 74%, and 62%, respectively (P<.0001). Virological failure was more common in MTR patients (P=.0025), and interruptions due to intolerance with MTR-Other (P<.0001). Cost per responder at 48 weeks (efficiency) was €12,406 with STR-Atripla®, €11,034 with MTR-SC (0.89 [0.82, 0.99] times lower), and €18,353 (1.48 [1.38, 1.61] times higher) with MTR-Other. CONCLUSIONS: STR-Atripla® and MTR-SC regimens showed similar effectiveness, but virological failure rate was lower with STR-Atripla. MTR-SC, considered less convenient, had a marginally better efficiency, mainly due to lower direct costs. MTR-Other regimens had both a worse effectiveness and efficiency. Similar efficiency analyses adjusting for baseline characteristics should be recommended for new STRs.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA