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1.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(1): 102429, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734402

RESUMO

Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been the focus of intensive research because of its crucial role in the pathogenesis of different diseases across many medical specialties. In this context, the present review in which a panel of 13 experts in immunology, dermatology, rheumatology, neurology, hematology, infectious diseases, hepatology, cardiology, ophthalmology and oncology have been involved, puts in common the mechanisms through which IL-17 is considered a molecular target for the development of novel biological therapies in these different fields. A comprehensive review of the literature and analysis of the most outstanding evidence have provided the basis for discussing the most relevant data related to IL-17A blocking agents for the treatment of different disorders, such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, cardiovascular disorders, non alcoholic fatty liver disease, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, uveitis, hematological and solid cancer. Current controversies are presented giving an opening line for future research.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the plasma apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 ratio and its potential association with cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A baseline analysis was made of the CARdiovascular in rheuMAtology Project (CARMA), a 10-year prospective study evaluating the presence of at least one CVE in 775 Spanish patients with RA. Of them, 29 had already experienced CVE prior to the inclusion in the study. We assessed the association between the elevation of the apoB/apoA1 ratio with the presence of CVE according to a logistic regression model for possible confounding factors. We also analysed the main parameters of activity of RA and parameters related to lipid metabolism. RA patients were classified according to treatment: patients treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs without biologics and those undergoing biologic therapy (anti-TNF-α, anti-IL-6 receptor, and other biologic agents). RESULTS: The apoB/apoA1 ratio of patients who had experienced CVE was higher than that of patients without previous CVE (0.65 vs. 0.60). However, the difference between both subgroups did not reach statistical significance (p=0.197). It was also the case after the multivariate analysis [OR: 1.48 (95% CI: 0.15-14.4); p=0.735]. RA patients from the group with CVE were more commonly receiving lipid-lowering treatment with statins than those without CVE history (41.4% vs. 20%, p=0.005). High HAQ and high atherogenic index were significantly associated with the presence of CVE. There was no statistical association between the type of biologic therapy used in RA and the presence of CVE. CONCLUSIONS: No association between ApoB/apoA1 ratio and CVE was found at the baseline visit of patients with RA from the CARMA study.

3.
Acta Reumatol Port ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate serum Endothelin-1(ET-1) levels in women Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients compared with healthy controls, examine possible associations between ET-1 with different characteristic of the disease and investigate possible associations between ET-1 with surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in Vega-Baja Hospital, Orihuela (Spain) from November 2016 to May 2018. Sixty-three women with RA and sixty-five age and sex healthy controls were included in this study. Serum ET-1 was analyzed using ELISA. RESULTS: Serum levels of ET-1 in RA women patients were higher than those in healthy controls (p ˂0.001). Serum levels of ET-1 were positively associated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (r = 0.27, p < 0.05) and with C-reactive protein (CRP) (r = 0.36, p < 0.05). ET-1 levels in women with RA were higher in smokers. Prednisone use was associated with lower ET-1 levels. No association with carotid intima media thickness was found. CONCLUSIONS: we observed the presence of higher levels of serum ET-1 in RA women patients compared with healthy controls. These increased levels of ET-1 are associated with inflammation and smoking and reduced by prednisone intake.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare serum Klotho and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) levels between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy controls. Possible association between FGF-23 and soluble Klotho with different characteristic of the disease as well as their potential role as surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were studied. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with RA recruited at Vega-Baja Hospital, Orihuela (Spain) from November 2016 to May 2018 and sixty-five age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included in this study. Serum Klotho and FGF-23 were analysed using ELISA. RESULTS: Patients had higher serum levels of Klotho than healthy controls (p˂0.0001). They were positively associated with the presence of anticitrullinated peptide antibody and rheumatic factor (p<0.05). Klotho serum levels were higher in RA patients treated with biologic agents than in those undergoing conventional therapy (p=0.008). However, no association with carotid intima media thickness was found. Although no significant differences in serum FGF-23 levels between patients and controls were found (p=0.43), FGF-23 levels were positively associated with low-density lipoprotein (LDL-c) level (p<0.05) and smoking (p=0.008) in patients with RA. CONCLUSIONS: The increased serum Klotho levels in RA patients, especially in those undergoing biologic therapy, may indicate a potential implication in the pathogenesis of the disease. Although levels of FGF-23 were related to LDL-c levels, the FGF-23-Klotho axis does not seem to be related to subclinical arteriosclerosis in RA.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027158

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is a chronic, expensive, and high-incidence musculoskeletal disorder largely responsible for back/neck and radicular-related pain. It is characterized by progressive degenerative damage of intervertebral tissues along with metabolic alterations of all other vertebral tissues. Despite the high socio-economic impact of IVDD, little is known about its etiology and pathogenesis, and currently, no cure or specific treatments are available. Recent evidence indicates that besides abnormal and excessive mechanical loading, inflammation may be a crucial player in IVDD. Furthermore, obese adipose tissue is characterized by a persistent and low-grade production of systemic pro-inflammatory factors. In this context, chronic low-grade inflammation associated with obesity has been hypothesized as an important contributor to IVDD through different, but still unknown, mechanisms. Adipokines, such as leptin, produced prevalently by white adipose tissues, but also by other cells of mesenchymal origin, particularly cartilage and bone, are cytokine-like hormones involved in important physiologic and pathophysiological processes. Although initially restricted to metabolic functions, adipokines are now viewed as key players of the innate and adaptative immune system and active modulators of the acute and chronic inflammatory response. The goal of this review is to summarize the most recent findings regarding the interrelationships among inflammation, obesity and the pathogenic mechanisms involved in the IVDD, with particular emphasis on the contribution of adipokines and their potential as future therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/genética , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/genética , Obesidade/genética , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
6.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184357

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Gastroenteropatias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Comorbidade , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(14): 3845-3853, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875206

RESUMO

Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the main source of fat in the Mediterranean diet. Phenolic compounds of EVOO, in particular, secoiridoids, are minor components that have generated special interest due to their positive effects on human health, supported by several clinical trials. This review summarizes the most recent findings on the pharmacological properties and action's mechanisms of secoiridoid oleocanthal, focusing attention on inflammation, oxidative stress, cancer, neurodegenerative processes, and rheumatic diseases. Being of relevance to the clinical effects of EVOO intake, the bioavailability and biotransformation of EVOO polyphenols are addressed. Moreover, this review summarizes the factors that may influence the oleocanthal concentration in EVOO. With the growing incidence of age- and lifestyle-related diseases, the current data indicated that the administration of EVOO rich in secoiridoids may be helpful in the prevention or treatment of different pathologies with an inflammatory component. Although promising, the future raises several questions and challenges, which are discussed here. The real beneficial effects of olive oil phenols on human health need to be clarified in new, well-designed clinical studies.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/metabolismo , Inflamação/dietoterapia , Azeite de Oliva/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Aldeídos/química , Animais , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Olea/química , Olea/metabolismo , Azeite de Oliva/química , Fenóis/química
8.
J Rheumatol ; 46(3): 279-284, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30442823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) features of patients with antisynthetase syndrome (AS) and to investigate possible correlations with clinical and serological features of the disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed NVC images of 190 patients with AS [females/males 3.63, mean age 49.7 ± 12.8 yrs, median disease duration 53.7 mos (interquartile range 82), 133 anti-Jo1 and 57 non-anti-Jo1-positive patients]. For each patient, we examined number of capillaries, giant capillaries, microhemorrhages, avascular areas, ramified capillaries, and the presence of systemic sclerosis (SSc)-like pattern. Finally, we correlated NVC features with clinical and serological findings of patients with AS. Concomitantly, a historical cohort of 75 patients with antinuclear antibody-negative primary Raynaud phenomenon (RP) and longterm followup was used as a control group (female/male ratio 4.13/1, mean age 53.9 ± 17.6 yrs) for NVC measures. RESULTS: NVC abnormalities were observed in 62.1% of AS patients compared with 29.3% of primary RP group (p < 0.001). An SSc-like pattern was detected in 67 patients (35.3%) and it was associated with anti-Jo1 antibodies (p = 0.002) and also with a longer disease duration (p = 0.004). Interestingly, there was no significant correlation between the presence of SSc-like pattern and RP, and only 47% of patients with SSc-like pattern had RP. CONCLUSION: NVC abnormalities are commonly observed in AS, independently from the occurrence of RP. The presence of an SSc-like pattern could allow identification of a more defined AS subtype, and prospective studies could confirm the association with clinical and serological features of AS.

9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37(3): 373-379, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30299246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The chemokine molecule CXCL5 (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 5, also known as epithelial neutrophil activating peptide 78 -ENA78-) constitutes a link between obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) in the general population. CXCL5 has also been found to play a role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. Since chronic inflammation promotes IR and impairs pancreatic beta cell function in RA patients, we assessed the role of CXCL5 in the development of IR in RA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that encompassed 141 non-diabetic patients with RA. IR assessed by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2), insulin and C-peptide serum levels and lipid profile, and CXCL5 serum levels were studied. Regression analysis was performed to evaluate how CXCL5 was related to IR, disease activity, and disease characteristics in RA patients. RESULTS: HOMA2-IR indexes showed high values for both IR and beta cell production (%B), and low insulin sensitivity (%S) in patients with RA. C reactive protein (beta coef. 0.2 [95%CI -1.5-1.9], p=0.80) and disease activity through DAS28 (beta coef. 13 [95%CI -14-41], p=0.34) revealed no relation with CXCL5. Other disease characteristics, such as disease duration, serological status, or use of methotrexate or anti-TNF alpha therapies, were not associated with CXCL5 serum levels. While glucocorticoids were related to insulin, C-peptide serum levels, and HOMA2-IR and HOMA2-%B-C peptide, the use of prednisone was not associated with CXCL5 serum levels. Insulin and C peptide serum levels and IR indexes showed strong correlations among each other, but not with CXCL5 (insulin r2=-0.034, p=0.69; C peptide r2=-0.050, p=0.56). CONCLUSIONS: CXCL5 is not related to IR in RA patients. Therefore, the mechanisms leading to IR in patients with RA may be different from those in the general population.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Quimiocina CXCL5/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Peptídeos/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
10.
Reumatol Clin ; 15(2): 102-108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8195, 2018 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29844438

RESUMO

A rare variant (BAFF-var) of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily 13b (TNFSF13B) gene has been recently associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between TNFSF13B BAFF-var and susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and replicate that association in SLE. 6,218 RA patients, 2,575 SLE patients and 4,403 healthy controls from three different countries were included in the study. TNFSF13B BAFF-var was genotyped using TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. PLINK software was used for statistical analyses. TNFSF13B BAFF-var was significantly associated with RA (p = 0.015, OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.03-1.41) in the Spanish cohort. A trend of association was observed in the Dutch (p = 0.115) and German (p = 0.228) RA cohorts. A meta-analysis of the three RA cohorts included in this study revealed a statistically significant association (p = 0.002, OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.10-1.38). In addition, TNFSF13B BAFF-var was significantly associated with SLE in the Spanish (p = 0.001, OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.14-1.74) and the German cohorts (p = 0.030, OR = 1.86, 95% CI = 1.05-3.28), with a statistically significant p-value obtained in the meta-analysis (p = 0.0002, OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.09-2.32). The results obtained confirm the known association of TNFSF13B BAFF-var with SLE and, for the first time, demonstrate that this variant contributes to susceptibility to RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Mutação INDEL , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Espanha/epidemiologia
13.
Br J Pharmacol ; 175(10): 1569-1579, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29486050

RESUMO

Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the Western society and is increasing in the developing world. It is considered as one of the major contributors to the global burden of disability and chronic diseases, including autoimmune, inflammatory and degenerative diseases. Research conducted on obesity and its complications over the last two decades has transformed the outdated concept of white adipose tissue (WAT) merely serving as an energy depot. WAT is now recognized as an active and inflammatory organ capable of producing a wide variety of factors known as adipokines. These molecules participate through endocrine, paracrine, autocrine or juxtacrine crosstalk mechanisms in a great variety of physiological or pathophysiological processes, regulating food intake, insulin sensitivity, immunity and inflammation. Although initially restricted to metabolic activities (regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism), adipokines currently represent a new family of proteins that can be considered key players in the complex network of soluble mediators involved in the pathophysiology of immune/inflammatory diseases. However, the complexity of the adipokine network in the pathogenesis and progression of inflammatory diseases has posed, since the beginning, the important question of whether it may be possible to target the mechanism(s) by which adipokines contribute to disease selectively without suppressing their physiological functions. Here, we explore in depth the most recent findings concerning the involvement of adipokines in inflammation and immune responses, in particular in rheumatic, inflammatory and degenerative diseases. We also highlight several possible strategies for therapeutic development and propose that adipokines and their signalling pathways may represent innovative therapeutic strategies for inflammatory disorders.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/imunologia , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/imunologia , Obesidade/complicações , Animais , Humanos , Obesidade/imunologia , Obesidade/patologia
14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(2): 302-309, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Due to the high incidence of cardiovascular disease in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), the search of potential biomarkers that may help to identify patients with high cardiovascular risk is of main importance. Therefore, in this study we assessed the implication of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and sclerostin (SCL), two biomarkers associated with cardiovascular disease and bone metabolism, in the clinical spectrum and atherosclerotic disease of patients with axSpA. METHODS: OPG and SCL serum levels were determined in 163 axSpA Spanish patients (119 ankylosing spondylitis and 44 non-radiographic axSpA) and 63 healthy controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Carotid ultrasound was performed in axSpA patients to determine the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis (by the identification of abnormally increased carotid intima-media thickness [cIMT] and presence of plaques). RESULTS: Patients displayed higher OPG but lower SCL levels than controls (p=0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Association of these molecules with some metabolic syndrome features was seen. In this regard, OPG negatively correlated with body mass index (p=0.04) whereas SCL levels were higher in hypertensive patients (p=0.01) and in men (p=0.002). However, serum OPG and SCL were not significantly correlated with cIMT values or presence of plaques when data were adjusted by age at the time of the study, sex, classic cardiovascular risk factors and anti-TNF therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest an association of OPG and SCL in axSpA with some metabolic syndrome features that are associated with an increased risk of CV disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Osteoprotegerina/sangue , Espondilartrite/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(4): 652-657, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of golimumab (GLM), a fully humanised anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody, in refractory juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. METHODS: This was a multicentre study of JIA-associated uveitis refractory to standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and in most cases to other anti-TNF-α agents. Results were expressed as mean±standard deviation or as median (range or interquartile range). The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare continuous variables. A literature review of the efficacy of GLM in uveitis related to JIA was also conducted. RESULTS: We studied 7 patients (5 females; mean age 21.7±7.5 years; 13 affected eyes). Uveitis was bilateral in 6. Cystoid macular oedema (CME) occurred in 3 patients (5 eyes). Besides corticosteroids and synthetic immunosuppressive drugs, patients had received before GLM a median of 2 biologic agents (range 0-3) including adalimumab (n=6), etanercept (n=2), infliximab (n=3) and abatacept (n=2). GLM dose was 50 mg/sc every 4 weeks. After 6 months of therapy the number of anterior chamber cells decreased from 1 [0.25-1.5] to 0 [0-0.5] (p=0.02) and optical coherence tomography (in patients with CME) from 313.6±77.05 to 261.4±75.1 µm (p=0.03). The best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.5 to 0.62 (p=0.018). Complete remission of uveitis was achieved in 4 of 7 patients after 16.8±11.4 months of follow-up. However, 2 of the seven patients had to be switched to tocilizumab due to inefficacy. Local erythema at the injection site was observed in 2. CONCLUSIONS: GLM may be considered in the management of refractory JIA-related uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(3): 421-427, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29352842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Amylin, which is co-secreted with insulin, plays a role in glycemic regulation and is impaired in type 2 diabetes. In the present study we assess, for the first time, the implication of amylin in the development of insulin resistance (IR) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 361 non-diabetic individuals, 151 patients with RA and 210 sex-matched controls. Insulin, C-peptide, amylin, lipoprotein serum concentrations, and IR indexes by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2) were evaluated in patients and controls. A multivariable analysis, adjusted for IR-related factors, was performed to determine the differences between patients and controls vis-à-vis amylin and how it is related to IR in RA. RESULTS: Insulin, C-peptide and HOMA2-IR indexes were higher in RA patients than in controls. Amylin serum levels were found to be upregulated in RA patients compared to controls (1.36 ± 0.81 vs. 1.79 ± 1.51 ng/ml, p=0.011), although this difference was lost after adjusting for covariates (p=0.46). While amylin positively correlated with the presence of rheumatoid factor (beta coef. 0.90 [95%CI -0.23-1.56], p=0.009) and SDAI (beta coef 0.01 [95%CI 0.00-0.03], p=0.034), no significant association with other disease activity scores, glucocorticoid intake, methotrexate use or TNF-alpha inhibitors was found. CONCLUSIONS: IR in RA does not appear to be mediated by amylin. This would imply that the mechanisms associated with IR in RA patients differ from those at work in type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Apolipoproteína A-I/metabolismo , Apolipoproteínas B/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeo C/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , HDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fator Reumatoide
17.
J Orthop Res ; 36(2): 594-604, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29080354

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a high-incidence painful and debilitating disease characterized by progressive degeneration of articular joints, which indicates a breakdown in joint homeostasis favoring catabolic processes. Biomechanical loading, associated with inflammatory and metabolic imbalances of joint, strongly contributes to the initiation and progression of the disease. Obesity is a primary risk factor for disease onset, and mechanical factors increased the risk for disease progression. Moreover, inflammatory mediators, in particular, adipose tissue-derived cytokines (better known as adipokines) play a critical role linking obesity and osteoarthritis. The present article summarizes the knowledge about the role of adipokines in cartilage and bone function, highlighting their contribution to the imbalance of joint homeostasis and, consequently, pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. © 2017 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 36:594-604, 2018.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Animais , Humanos , Osteoartrite/metabolismo
18.
Drug Discov Today ; 22(10): 1557-1564, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28651064

RESUMO

Progranulin is a cysteine-rich secreted protein with diverse pleiotropic actions and participates in several processes, such as inflammation or tumorigenesis. Progranulin was first identified as a growth factor and, recently, it was characterised as an adipokine implicated in obesity, insulin resistance and rheumatic disease. At a central level, progranulin acts as a neurotropic and neuroprotective factor and protects from neural degeneration. In this review, we summarise the most recent research advances concerning the potential role of progranulin as a therapeutic target and biomarker in cancer, neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Preparações Farmacêuticas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/metabolismo , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/metabolismo
19.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 28(8): 726-730, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28489469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Psoriasis patients have high risk of atherosclerosis, characterized by endothelial dysfunction. We aimed to study the association of the endothelial activation biomarkers monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), soluble (s) E-selectin and P-selectin with disease activity and severity in psoriasis patients treated with anti-TNF-α therapy. Also, to evaluate the relationship of metabolic syndrome features with these biomarkers and the effect of anti-TNF-α therapy on these molecules. METHODS: Twenty-nine consecutive non-diabetic patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis who underwent 6 months of anti-TNF-α-adalimumab therapy were studied. Metabolic and clinical evaluation was performed prior to anti-TNF-α treatment (time 0) and 6 months later. MCP-1, sE-selectin and sP-selectin serum levels were determined by ELISA. RESULTS: Dyslipidemic and obese patients showed higher MCP-1 levels at month 6 from the onset of anti-TNF-α therapy (p = .05 and .01, respectively). sE-selectin positively correlated with pro-inflammatory molecules such as asymmetric dimethylarginine, sP-selectin and resistin at baseline and month 6 (p < .05). sE-selectin levels significantly reduced after 6 months of therapy (p = .0006). CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic syndrome features are associated with endothelial activation in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Adalimumab therapy led to a reduction in sE-selectin levels, supporting the beneficial effect of anti-TNF-α therapy on mechanisms associated with the development of atherosclerosis in psoriasis.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Selectina E/sangue , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Quimiocina CCL2/sangue , Dislipidemias/complicações , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Selectina-P/sangue , Psoríase/complicações , Psoríase/patologia , Resistina/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
20.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35(6): 885-892, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28281456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Insulin resistance (IR) plays a role in the increased cardiovascular risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. This study aimed to determine the potential association of IR with disease activity, drug exposure and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with SLE. METHODS: This cross-sectional study encompassed 87 non-diabetic SLE patients and 82 sex-matched controls. Insulin and C-peptide serum levels, IR indexes by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2) (both insulin-based: HOMA2-IR, and with C-peptide: HOMA2-IR-C-peptide) and lipid profiles were assessed in patients and controls. Activity (SLEDAI), severity (Katz) and damage (SLICC) index scores, as well as carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaques, were determined in SLE patients. A multivariable regression analysis, adjusted for classic IR related factors, was performed to evaluate the differences in IR indexes between patients and controls and how IR is associated with disease-related characteristics, including carotid ultrasound results, in SLE patients. RESULTS: SLE patients had higher C-peptide serum levels (2.61±1.51 vs. 1.34±0.62 ng/ml, p=0.00) and elevated HOMA2-IRC-peptide index (1.90±1.12 vs. 0.97±0.45, p=0.00) than controls. These differences remained statistically significant after adjusting for classic cardiovascular risk factors and prednisone intake. Traditional IR-related factors, such as body mass index, waist circumference or hypertension, and prednisone intake were significantly associated with HOMA2-IR and HOMA2-IRC-peptide in SLE patients. SLICC damage index was independently associated with HOMA2-IR-C-peptide. The presence of carotid plaques and cIMT values were associated with IR indexes in SLE patients only in the univariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: C-peptide serum levels are independently up-regulated in SLE patients. Although classic IR factors and prednisone are associated with IR, SLE damage over time also contributes to IR in an independent way.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/etiologia , Resistência à Insulina , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Peptídeo C/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico
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