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1.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(5): 609-619, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few effective second-line treatments exist for women with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Accordingly, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tisotumab vedotin, a tissue factor-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in this patient population. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study was done across 35 academic centres, hospitals, and community practices in Europe and the USA. The study included patients aged 18 years or older who had recurrent or metastatic squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous cervical cancer; disease progression on or after doublet chemotherapy with bevacizumab (if eligible by local standards); who had received two or fewer previous systemic regimens for recurrent or metastatic disease; had measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST; version 1.1); and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. Patients received 2·0 mg/kg (up to a maximum of 200 mg) tisotumab vedotin intravenously once every 3 weeks until disease progression (determined by the independent review committee) or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was confirmed objective response rate based on RECIST (version 1.1), as assessed by the independent review committee. Activity and safety analyses were done in patients who received at least one dose of the drug. This study is ongoing with recruitment completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03438396. FINDINGS: 102 patients were enrolled between June 12, 2018, and April 11, 2019; 101 patients received at least one dose of tisotumab vedotin. Median follow-up at the time of analysis was 10·0 months (IQR 6·1-13·0). The confirmed objective response rate was 24% (95% CI 16-33), with seven (7%) complete responses and 17 (17%) partial responses. The most common treatment-related adverse events included alopecia (38 [38%] of 101 patients), epistaxis (30 [30%]), nausea (27 [27%]), conjunctivitis (26 [26%]), fatigue (26 [26%]), and dry eye (23 [23%]). Grade 3 or worse treatment-related adverse events were reported in 28 (28%) patients and included neutropenia (three [3%] patients), fatigue (two [2%]), ulcerative keratitis (two [2%]), and peripheral neuropathies (two [2%] each with sensory, motor, sensorimotor, and neuropathy peripheral). Serious treatment-related adverse events occurred in 13 (13%) patients, the most common of which included peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy (two [2%] patients) and pyrexia (two [2%]). One death due to septic shock was considered by the investigator to be related to therapy. Three deaths unrelated to treatment were reported, including one case of ileus and two unknown causes. INTERPRETATION: Tisotumab vedotin showed clinically meaningful and durable antitumour activity with a manageable and tolerable safety profile in women with previously treated recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Given the poor prognosis for this patient population and the low activity of current therapies in this setting, tisotumab vedotin, if approved, would represent a new treatment for women with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. FUNDING: Genmab, Seagen, Gynaecologic Oncology Group, and European Network of Gynaecological Oncological Trial Groups.

2.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(5): 632-642, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the phase 3 SOLO1 trial, maintenance olaparib provided a significant progression-free survival benefit versus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer and a BRCA mutation in response after platinum-based chemotherapy. We analysed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and patient-centred outcomes in SOLO1, and the effect of radiological disease progression on health status. METHODS: SOLO1 is a randomised, double-blind, international trial done in 118 centres and 15 countries. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older; had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0-1; had newly diagnosed, advanced, high-grade serous or endometrioid ovarian cancer, primary peritoneal cancer, or fallopian tube cancer with a BRCA mutation; and were in clinical complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to either 300 mg olaparib tablets or placebo twice per day using an interactive voice and web response system and were treated for up to 2 years. Treatment assignment was masked for patients and for clinicians giving the interventions, and those collecting and analysing the data. Randomisation was stratified by response to platinum-based chemotherapy (clinical complete or partial response). HRQOL was a secondary endpoint and the prespecified primary HRQOL endpoint was the change from baseline in the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Ovarian Cancer Trial Outcome Index (TOI) score for the first 24 months. TOI scores range from 0 to 100 (higher scores indicated better HRQOL), with a clinically meaningful difference defined as a difference of at least 10 points. Prespecified exploratory endpoints were quality-adjusted progression-free survival and time without significant symptoms of toxicity (TWiST). HRQOL endpoints were analysed in all randomly assigned patients. The trial is ongoing but closed to new participants. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01844986. FINDINGS: Between Sept 3, 2013, and March 6, 2015, 1084 patients were enrolled. 693 patients were ineligible, leaving 391 eligible patients who were randomly assigned to olaparib (n=260) or placebo (n=131; one placebo patient withdrew before receiving any study treatment), with a median duration of follow-up of 40·7 months (IQR 34·9-42·9) for olaparib and 41·2 months (32·2-41·6) for placebo. There was no clinically meaningful change in TOI score at 24 months within or between the olaparib and placebo groups (adjusted mean change in score from baseline over 24 months was 0·30 points [95% CI -0·72 to 1·32] in the olaparib group vs 3·30 points [1·84 to 4·76] in the placebo group; between-group difference of -3·00, 95% CI -4·78 to -1·22; p=0·0010). Mean quality-adjusted progression-free survival (olaparib 29·75 months [95% CI 28·20-31·63] vs placebo 17·58 [15·05-20·18]; difference 12·17 months [95% CI 9·07-15·11], p<0·0001) and the mean duration of TWiST (olaparib 33·15 months [95% CI 30·82-35·49] vs placebo 20·24 months [17·36-23·11]; difference 12·92 months [95% CI 9·30-16·54]; p<0·0001) were significantly longer with olaparib than with placebo. INTERPRETATION: The substantial progression-free survival benefit provided by maintenance olaparib in the newly diagnosed setting was achieved with no detrimental effect on patients' HRQOL and was supported by clinically meaningful quality-adjusted progression-free survival and TWiST benefits with maintenance olaparib versus placebo. FUNDING: AstraZeneca and Merck Sharp & Dohme.

3.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(5): 658-669, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811109

RESUMO

This is a report from the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology State-of-the-Art Virtual Meeting held December 14-16, 2020. The unique 3-day conference offered comprehensive state-of-the-art summaries on the major advances in the treatment of different types of gynecological cancers. Sessions opened with a case presentation followed by a keynote lecture and interactive debates with opinion leaders in the field. The speakers also presented scientific reviews on the clinical trial landscape in collaboration with the European Network of Gynecological Oncological Trial (ENGOT) groups. In addition, the new ESGO-ESRTO-ESP endometrial cancer guidelines were officially presented in public. This paper describes the key information and latest studies that were presented for the first time at the conference.

5.
Virchows Arch ; 478(2): 153-190, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604759

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multidisciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide. ESGO/ESTRO/ESP nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians and researchers who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in the care and research of endometrial carcinoma (27 experts across Europe). To ensure that the guidelines are evidence-based, the literature published since 2014, identified from a systematic search was reviewed and critically appraised. In the absence of any clear scientific evidence, judgment was based on the professional experience and consensus of the development group. The guidelines are thus based on the best available evidence and expert agreement. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 191 independent international practitioners in cancer care delivery and patient representatives. The guidelines comprehensively cover endometrial carcinoma staging, definition of prognostic risk groups integrating molecular markers, pre- and intra-operative work-up, fertility preservation, management for early, advanced, metastatic, and recurrent disease and palliative treatment. Principles of radiotherapy and pathological evaluation are also defined.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Oncologia/normas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biópsia/normas , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/normas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/normas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Br J Cancer ; 124(6): 1138-1149, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adoptive immunotherapy with tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) may benefit from the use of selective markers, such as PD-1, for tumour-specific T-cell enrichment, and the identification of predictive factors that help identify those patients capable of rendering tumour-reactive TILs. We have investigated this in ovarian cancer (OC) patients as candidates for TIL therapy implementation. METHODS: PD-1- and PD-1+ CD8 TILs were isolated from ovarian tumours and expanded cells were tested against autologous tumour cells. Baseline tumour samples were examined using flow cytometry, multiplexed immunofluorescence and Nanostring technology, for gene expression analyses, as well as a next-generation sequencing gene panel, for tumour mutational burden (TMB) calculation. RESULTS: Tumour-reactive TILs were detected in half of patients and were exclusively present in cells derived from the PD-1+ fraction. Importantly, a high TIL density in the fresh tumour, the presence of CD137+ cells within the PD-1+CD8+ TIL subset and their location in the tumour epithelium, together with a baseline T-cell-inflamed genetic signature and/or a high TMB, are features that identify patients rendering tumour-reactive TIL products. CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated that PD-1 identifies ovarian tumour-specific CD8 TILs and has uncovered predictive factors that identify OC patients who are likely to render tumour-specific cells from PD-1+ TILs.

7.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(1): 12-39, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397713

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multi-disciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide.

8.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(4): 617-622, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platinum based chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for ovarian cancer patients with a platinum treatment free interval of >6 months. Niraparib is an oral poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor approved as maintenance therapy after a response to platinum rechallenge, regardless of BRCA status. Atezolizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). A combination of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor and anti-PD-L1/programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) has shown synergy in preclinical models and promising clinical activity. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the addition of atezolizumab to carboplatin based chemotherapy and to subsequent maintenance with niraparib improves progression free survival compared with placebo in patients with recurrent disease and a platinum treatment free interval of >6 months. TRIAL DESIGN: The Atezolizumab and NIraparib Treatment Association (ANITA) trial is a GEICO (Grupo Español de Investigación en Cáncer de Ovario) led phase III, randomized, double-blinded, multicenter European Network for Gynecological Oncological Trials (ENGOT) study. Patients will be randomized to arm A (control arm) consisting of platinum based chemotherapy (investigator's choice) plus a placebo of atezolizumab followed by maintenance niraparib plus a placebo of atezolizumab, or to arm B (experimental arm) consisting of platinum based chemotherapy (investigator's choice) plus atezolizumab followed by maintenance niraparib plus atezolizumab. MAJOR INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria are women aged over 18 years, diagnosed with relapsed high grade serous, endometrioid, or undifferentiated ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma. Patients are eligible if they received no more than two previous lines of chemotherapy, relapsed ≥6 months after the last platinum containing regimen, and have at least one measurable lesion according to the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, version 1.1. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: The primary endpoint for this study is progression free survival. SAMPLE SIZE: Approximately 414 patients will be recruited and randomized in a 1:1 ratio, with the aim of demonstrating a benefit in progression free survival for the experimental arm with a hazard ratio of O.7, using a two sided alpha of 0.05 and a power of 80%. ESTIMATED DATES FOR COMPLETING ACCRUAL AND PRESENTING RESULTS: The trial was launched in the fourth quarter of 2018 and is estimated to close in the second quarter of 2021. Mature results for progression free survival are expected to be presented by 2023. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03598270.

9.
Future Oncol ; 17(3s): 9-19, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353406

RESUMO

Following the failure of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in ovarian cancer, options for further therapy in potentially platinum-responsive patients are: carboplatin doublets with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, gemcitabine or paclitaxel in association with bevacizumab, followed by maintenance with bevacizumab (for nonpretreated patients); or maintenance monotherapy with a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor after a response. The choice of biological therapy depends on a patient's previous treatments and priority for a symptomatic response. In cases of a rapidly growing tumor or need for symptomatic relief, the addition of bevacizumab should be considered. Patients with limited potential sensitivity to platinum, such as those with a platinum treatment-free interval of 6-12 months, may benefit from intercalation with trabectedin and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin to possibly restore platinum sensitivity.

10.
Lancet Haematol ; 8(2): e122-e134, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have shown efficacy and acceptable safety in a range of neoplasms, particularly in ovarian cancers. However, some concerns have emerged regarding rare and delayed adverse events including cases of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia, for which data are scarce. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia related to PARP inhibitors, via a systematic review and safety meta-analysis, and to describe clinical features of PARP inhibitor-related myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia cases reported in WHO's pharmacovigilance database (VigiBase). METHODS: We systematically reviewed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PARP inhibitor therapy versus control treatments (placebo and non-placebo) in adults (age ≥18 years) treated for cancer in MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the ClinicalTrials.gov registry with ongoing surveillance up to May 31, 2020. The date range for included studies was not restricted. By a stepwise method to capture all available adverse events, we first extracted data on myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia cases from ClinicalTrials.gov. If cases were not available, we extracted them from published manuscripts, or subsequently contacted corresponding authors or sponsors to provide data. RCTs without available data from ClinicalTrials.gov, publications, or corresponding authors or sponsors were excluded. The primary outcome was the summary risk of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia related to PARP inhibition versus placebo treatment in RCTs. We used a fixed-effects meta-analysis to obtain Peto odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs. In a separate observational, retrospective, cross-sectional pharmacovigilance study of VigiBase, cases of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia related to PARP inhibitor therapy were extracted on May 3, 2020, and clinical features summarised with a focus on median duration of PARP inhibitor exposure, median latency period between first drug exposure and diagnosis, and proportion of cases resulting in death. Our systematic review and safety meta-analysis were registered with PROSPERO, CRD42020175050. Our retrospective pharmacovigilance study was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04326023. FINDINGS: For our safety meta-analysis, initial searches identified 1617 citations, and 31 RCTs were systematically reviewed for eligibility. 28 RCTs with available adverse events were analysed (18 placebo and ten non-placebo RCTs), with 5693 patients in PARP inhibitor groups and 3406 patients in control groups. Based on the 18 placebo RCTs (n=7307 patients), PARP inhibitors significantly increased the risk of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia compared with placebo treatment (Peto OR 2·63 [95% CI 1·13-6·14], p=0·026) with no between-study heterogeneity (I2=0%, χ2 p=0·91). The incidence of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia across PARP inhibitor groups was 0·73% (95% CI 0·50-1·07; I2=0%, χ2 p=0·87; 21 events out of 4533 patients) and across placebo groups was 0·47% (0·26-0·85; I2=0%, χ2 p=1·00; three events out of 2774 patients). All 28 RCTs were rated as having unclear risk of bias. In VigiBase, 178 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (n=99) and acute myeloid leukaemia (n=79) related to PARP inhibitor therapy were extracted. In cases with available data, median treatment duration was 9·8 months (IQR 3·6-17·4; n=96) and median latency period since first exposure to a PARP inhibitor was 17·8 months (8·4-29·2; n=58). Of 104 cases that reported outcomes, 47 (45%) resulted in death. INTERPRETATION: PARP inhibitors increased the risk of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia versus placebo treatment. These delayed and often lethal adverse events should be studied further to improve clinical understanding, particularly in the front-line maintenance setting. FUNDING: None.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Razão de Chances , Efeito Placebo , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
ESMO Open ; 5(6): e001110, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310779

RESUMO

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor maintenance therapy is the latest breakthrough in the management of newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer. The results of the SOLO-1 trial in 2018 led to European Medicines Agency and Food and Drug Administration approval of olaparib as first-line maintenance therapy in patients with BRCA1/2 mutation, establishing a new standard of care. Subsequently, the results of three phase III trials (PRIMA, PAOLA-1, VELIA) evaluating the use of first-line PARP inhibitors beyond patients with BRCA1/2 mutations and as combination strategies were presented in 2019, leading to the recent approval of maintenance niraparib irrespective of biomarker status and olaparib in combination with bevacizumab in homologous recombination deficiency-positive-associated advanced ovarian cancer. An ESMO Open - Cancer Horizons round-table expert panel discussed the four phase III trials of first-line PARP inhibitor therapy and how they are changing the clinical management of advanced ovarian cancer.

12.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PAOLA1 is a phase III study assessing olaparib maintenance therapy in advanced high-grade ovarian carcinoma patients responding to first-line platinum-taxane-based chemotherapy plus bevacizumab as standard of care. Randomization was stratified by treatment outcome and tumor BRCA1/2 status (tBRCA) at screening. METHODS: tBRCA was tested on FFPE tumor blocks on 5 French platforms using 2 Next-Generation Sequencing methods based either on hybrid capture or amplicon technology. One of the exploratory objectives was to assess the concordance between germline (gBRCA) and tBRCA testing in French patients. gBRCA testing was performed on blood samples on the same platforms. RESULTS: From May 2015 to July 2017, tBRCA tests were performed for 1,176 screened patients. Only 52 (4.4%) tumor samples were non-contributive. The median interval between reception of the tumor sample and availability of the tBRCA status result was 37 days (range =8-260). A pathogenic variant (PV) was reported in 27.1% tumor samples (319 of 1,176 screened patients). tBRCA and gBRCA testing were both performed for 451 French patients with negative results for both tests in 306 patients (67.8%) and positive results for both tests in 85 patients (18.8%). Only one large genomic rearrangement of BRCA1 was detected, exclusively in the blood sample. Interestingly, tBRCA testing revealed 6.4% of PV (29 of 451) not detected by gBRCA testing. CONCLUSIONS: tBRCA testing is an appropriate tool with an acceptable turnaround time for clinical practice and a low failure rate, ensuring reliable identification of patients likely to benefit from PARPi therapy.

13.
Gynecol Oncol ; 159(2): 322-328, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To characterize the safety, tolerability, and anti-tumor activity of cemiplimab as monotherapy or in combination with hypofractionated radiation therapy (hfRT) in patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. To determine the association between histology and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. METHODS: In non-randomized phase I expansion cohorts, patients (squamous or non-squamous histology) received cemiplimab 3 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks for 48 weeks, either alone (monotherapy cohort) or with hfRT during week 2 (combination cohort). Due to insufficient tissue material, PD-L1 protein expression was evaluated in commercially purchased samples and mRNA expression levels were analyzed from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). RESULTS: Twenty patients enrolled in both cohorts in total; 10 had squamous histology. The most common adverse events of any grade were diarrhea, fatigue, and hypokalemia, occurring in 35%, 25%, and 25%, respectively. Objective response rate was 10% in each cohort; responders had squamous histology. Duration of response was 11.2 months and 6.4 months for the responder in the monotherapy and combination cohort, respectively. Irradiated lesions were not included in the response assessments. In separate archived specimens (N = 155), PD-L1 protein expression in tumor and immune cells was negative (<1%) more commonly in adenocarcinoma than in squamous tumors. PD-L1 mRNA levels were lower in adenocarcinoma than squamous cell tumors (1.2 vs 5.0 mean transcripts per million, respectively) in TCGA. CONCLUSIONS: Cemiplimab has activity in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. The phase I results, combined with results from other anti-PD-1 trials in cervical cancer and our biomarker analyses have informed the design of the ongoing phase III trial, with the primary overall survival hierarchical analyses being done first in patients with squamous histology.

14.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(10): 1603-1607, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients' reported outcomes and their perspectives around their therapeutic management is a field of continuously increasing relevance in gynecological oncology. We report the results of the Berlin dialog on seven patient-reported parameters and outcomes concerning chemotherapy and maintenance treatment in patients with gynecological cancer. METHODS: Key opinion leaders in gynecological oncology from different European counties and representatives of leading patients' advocate groups in Berlin held a consensus meeting in Berlin on April 6, 2019. Seven topics of interest were identified in advance around quality of life, iatrogenic toxicity, treatment decision-making processes, sexuality, participation in clinical trials, second opinion, and long-term survivors with the the following standard operating procedure for processing and discussion: (1) agreement on its relevance; (2) literature review, and (3) discussion and consensus statements. RESULTS: All main topics reached a consensus approval. The defined statements emphasized the importance of patients' role in incorporating and establishing quality of life as an outcome parameter in clinical trials. Furthermore, discussants raised the importance of identifying new tools for reflecting patient-reported iatrogenic toxicity as well as emphasizing patients' rights in providing personal information, access to second opinion in the decision-making process, and their participation in clinical trials. CONCLUSION: The results of this round table meeting could help redefine perspectives on the discussed topics and the importance for therapeutic management as well as for trial designs.

15.
Gynecol Oncol ; 159(1): 142-149, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adding bevacizumab to cisplatin-paclitaxel for advanced cervical cancer significantly improves overall and progression-free survival. We evaluated bevacizumab with a widely used carboplatin-paclitaxel backbone. METHODS: Patients with metastatic/recurrent/persistent cervical cancer not amenable to curative surgery and/or radiotherapy received 3-weekly bevacizumab 15 mg/kg, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2, and carboplatin AUC 5 until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Maintenance bevacizumab was allowed. Patients with ongoing bladder/rectal involvement, prior cobalt radiotherapy, a history of fistula/gastrointestinal perforation, or recent bowel resection/chemoradiation were excluded. The primary objective was to determine incidences of gastrointestinal perforation/fistula, gastrointestinal-vaginal fistula, and genitourinary fistula. RESULTS: Among 150 treated patients, disease at study entry was persistent in 21%, recurrent in 56%, and newly diagnosed metastatic in 23%. After 27.8 months' median follow-up, median bevacizumab duration was 6.7 months; 57% received maintenance bevacizumab. Seventeen patients (11.3%; 95% CI: 6.7-17.5%) experienced ≥1 perforation/fistula event: gastrointestinal perforation/fistula in 4.7% (1.9-9.4%), gastrointestinal-vaginal fistula in 4.0% (1.5-8.5%), and genitourinary fistula in 4.7% (1.9-9.4%). Of these, 16 were previously irradiated, several with ongoing radiation effects. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (25%), anemia (19%), and hypertension (14%). Five patients (3%) had fatal adverse events. Objective response rate was 61% (95% CI: 52-69%), median progression-free survival was 10.9 (10.1-13.7) months, and median overall survival was 25.0 (20.9-30.4) months. CONCLUSIONS: Bevacizumab can be combined with carboplatin-paclitaxel in the CECILIA study population. The fistula/gastrointestinal perforation incidence is in line with GOG-0240; efficacy results are encouraging. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02467907 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

16.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(30): 3528-3537, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749942

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In SOLO1, maintenance olaparib (300 mg twice daily) significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with newly diagnosed BRCA1- and/or BRCA2-mutated advanced ovarian cancer compared with placebo (hazard ratio [HR], 0.30; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.41; median not reached v 13.8 months). We investigated PFS in SOLO1 for subgroups of patients based on preselected baseline factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Investigator-assessed PFS subgroup analyses of SOLO1 included clinical response after platinum-based chemotherapy (complete [CR] or partial response [PR]), surgery type (upfront or interval surgery), disease status after surgery (residual or no gross residual disease), and BRCA mutation status (BRCA1 or BRCA2). Additionally, we evaluated PFS in patients with stage III disease who underwent upfront surgery and had no gross residual disease. We also report objective response rate. RESULTS: The risk of disease progression or death was reduced with olaparib compared with placebo by 69% (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.46) and 63% (HR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.58) in patients undergoing upfront or interval surgery; 56% (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.77) and 67% (HR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.46) in patients with residual or no residual disease after surgery; 66% (HR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.47) and 69% in women with clinical CR or PR at baseline (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.52); and 59% (HR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.30 to 0.56) and 80% (HR 0.20; 95% CI, 0.10 to 0.37) in patients with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer achieve substantial benefit from maintenance olaparib treatment regardless of baseline surgery outcome, response to chemotherapy, or BRCA mutation type.

17.
ESMO Open ; 5(Suppl 3)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718919

RESUMO

The rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection and its related disease (COVID-19) has required an immediate and coordinate healthcare response to face the worldwide emergency and define strategies to maintain the continuum of care for the non-COVID-19 diseases while protecting patients and healthcare providers. The dimension of the COVID-19 pandemic poses an unprecedented risk especially for the more vulnerable populations. To manage patients with cancer adequately, maintaining the highest quality of care, a definition of value-based priorities is necessary to define which interventions can be safely postponed without affecting patients' outcome. The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has endorsed a tiered approach across three different levels of priority (high, medium, low) incorporating information on the value-based prioritisation and clinical cogency of the interventions that can be applied for different disease sites. Patients with gynaecological cancer are at particular risk of COVID-19 complications because of their age and prevalence of comorbidities. The definition of priority level should be based on tumour stage and histology, cancer-related symptoms or complications, aim (curative vs palliative) and magnitude of benefit of the oncological intervention, patients' general condition and preferences. The decision-making process always needs to consider the disease-specific national and international guidelines and the local healthcare system and social resources, and a changing situation in relation to COVID-19 infection. These recommendations aim to provide guidance for the definition of deferrable and undeferrable interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic for ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancers within the context of the ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Oncologia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Oncologia/organização & administração , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sociedades Médicas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
18.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(6): 819-824, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopy is one of the diagnostic tools available for the complex clinical decision-making process in advanced ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal carcinoma. This article presents the results of a survey conducted within the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trial (ENGOT) group aimed at reviewing the current patterns of practice at gynecologic oncology centers with regard to the evaluation of resection in advanced ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal carcinoma. METHODS: A 24-item questionnaire was sent to the chair of the 20 cooperative groups that are currently part of the ENGOT group, and forwarded to the members within each group. RESULTS: A total of 142 questionnaires were returned. Only 39 respondents (27.5%) reported using some form of clinical (not operative) score for the evaluation of resection. The frequency of use of diagnostic laparoscopy to assess disease status and feasibility of resection was as follows: never, 21 centers (15%); only in select cases, 83 centers (58.5%); and routinely, 36 centers (25.4%). When laparoscopy was performed, 64% of users declared they made the decision to proceed with maximal effort cytoreductive surgery based on their personal/staff opinion, and 36% based on a laparoscopic score. To the question of whether laparoscopy should be considered the gold standard in the evaluation of resection, 71 respondents (50%) answered no, 66 respondents (46.5%) answered yes, whereas 5 respondents (3.5%) did not provide an answer. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that laparoscopy was routinely performed to assess feasibility of cytoreduction in only 25.4% of centers in Europe. However, it was commonly used to select patients and in a minority of centers it was never used . When laparoscopy was adopted, the treatment strategy was based on laparoscopic scores only in a minority of centers.

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