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Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 43(1): 9-13, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492425


BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the impact of patients' perception of injection pain on adherence to treatments, specifically in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to determine the impact of the pain associated with the subcutaneous administration of adalimumab in patients with IBD treated with the old formulation and the new low-volume/citrate-free formulation. METHODS: A specifically-designed questionnaire was completed by 76 patients with IBD, who started treatment with adalimumab before the availability of the low-volume/citrate-free formulation and were switched to this new formulation. Intensity of pain was measured by using visual analog scales (VAS). RESULTS: A total of 62 patients (82%) experienced injection-related pain with the initial formulation. The perception of pain was associated with a decreased adherence to the treatment (37%), an increase in pre-administration anxiety (25%) or, as a consequence, the patient required someone else to carry out the injection (21%). Younger age was the only factor associated with pain perception. After switching to the new formulation, perception of pain persisted only in 2 patients (3%). Among those who felt pain with the initial formulation, pre-administration anxiety disappeared in 44%; 32% and 42% stated that the new formulation eased adherence and self-administration. CONCLUSIONS: The perception of pain related to the subcutaneous administration of therapy negatively impacts on treatment adherence in IBD patients. Improved formulations for subcutaneous administration of drugs can positively impact patients' convenience and adherence.

J Crohns Colitis ; 13(12): 1492-1500, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063540


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis [PSC] is usually associated with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. An increased risk of malignancies, mainly colorectal cancer [CRC] and cholangiocarcinoma [CCA], has been reported in PSC-IBD patients. Our aim was to determine the clinical characteristics and management of PSC in IBD patients, and the factors associated with malignancies. METHODS: PSC-IBD patients were identified from the Spanish ENEIDA registry of GETECCU. Additional data were collected using the AEG-REDCap electronic data capture tool. RESULTS: In total, 277 PSC-IBD patients were included, with an incidence rate of 61 PSC cases per 100 000 IBD patient-years, 69.7% men, 67.5% ulcerative colitis and mean age at PSC diagnosis of 40 ± 16 years. Most patients [85.2%] were treated with ursodeoxycholic acid. Liver transplantation was required in 35 patients [12.6%] after 79 months (interquartile range [IQR] 50-139). It was more common in intra- and extrahepatic PSC compared with small-duct PSC (16.3% vs 3.3%; odds ratio [OR] 5.7: 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.7-19.3). The incidence rate of CRC since PSC diagnosis was 3.3 cases per 1000 patient-years [95% CI = 1.9-5.6]. Having symptoms of PSC at PSC diagnosis was the only factor related to an increased risk of CRC after IBD diagnosis [hazard ratio= 3.3: 95% CI = 1.1-9.9]. CCA was detected in seven patients [2.5%] with intra- and extrahepatic PSC, with median age of 42 years [IQR 39-53], and presented a lower life expectancy compared with patients without CCA and patients with or without CRC. CONCLUSIONS: PSC-IBD patients with symptoms of PSC at PSC diagnosis have an increased risk of CRC. CCA was only diagnosed in patients with intra- and extrahepatic PSC and was associated with poor survival.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 48(8): 839-851, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281832


BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of vedolizumab in real world clinical practice is unknown. AIM: To evaluate the short and long-term effectiveness of vedolizumab in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Patients who received at least 1 induction dose of vedolizumab were included. Effectiveness was defined based on Harvey-Bradshaw index (HBI) in Crohn's disease (CD) and Partial Mayo Score (PMS) in ulcerative colitis (UC). Short-term response was assessed at week 14. Variables associated with short-term remission were identified by logistic regression analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the long-term durability of vedolizumab treatment. Cox model was used to identify factors associated with discontinuation of treatment and loss of response. RESULTS: 521 patients were included (median follow-up 10 months [interquartile range 5-18 months]). At week 14, 46.8% had remission and 15.7% clinical response. CD (vs UC), previous surgery, higher CRP concentration and disease severity at baseline were significantly associated with impaired response. The rate of vedolizumab discontinuation was 37% per patient-year of follow-up (27.6% in UC and 45.3% in CD, P < 0.01). CD (vs UC), anaemia at baseline, steroids during induction and CRP concentration were associated with lower durability of treatment. Seven per cent of patients developed adverse events, infections being the most frequent. CONCLUSIONS: Over 60% of IBD patients respond to vedolizumab. Many patients discontinue treatment over time. CD and disease burden impair both short- and long-term response. Vedolizumab seems to be safe in clinical practice.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Espanha/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento