Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 69
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Med Genet ; 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494577

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lynch syndrome (LS) and constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) are hereditary cancer syndromes associated with mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency. Tumours show microsatellite instability (MSI), also reported at low levels in non-neoplastic tissues. Our aim was to evaluate the performance of high-sensitivity MSI (hs-MSI) assessment for the identification of LS and CMMRD in non-neoplastic tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood DNA samples from 131 individuals were grouped into three cohorts: baseline (22 controls), training (11 CMMRD, 48 LS and 15 controls) and validation (18 CMMRD and 18 controls). Custom next generation sequencing panel and bioinformatics pipeline were used to detect insertions and deletions in microsatellite markers. An hs-MSI score was calculated representing the percentage of unstable markers. RESULTS: The hs-MSI score was significantly higher in CMMRD blood samples when compared with controls in the training cohort (p<0.001). This finding was confirmed in the validation set, reaching 100% specificity and sensitivity. Higher hs-MSI scores were detected in biallelic MSH2 carriers (n=5) compared with MSH6 carriers (n=15). The hs-MSI analysis did not detect a difference between LS and control blood samples (p=0.564). CONCLUSIONS: The hs-MSI approach is a valuable tool for CMMRD diagnosis, especially in suspected patients harbouring MMR variants of unknown significance or non-detected biallelic germline mutations.

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 82, 2019 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telomeres are nucleoprotein structures present at the terminal region of the chromosomes. Mutations in genes coding for proteins involved in telomere maintenance are causative of a number of disorders known as telomeropathies. The genetic origin of these diseases is heterogeneous and has not been determined for a significant proportion of patients. METHODS: This article describes the genetic characterization of a cohort of patients. Telomere length was determined by Southern blot and quantitative PCR. Nucleotide variants were analyzed either by high-resolution melting analysis and Sanger sequencing of selected exons or by massive sequencing of a panel of genes. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients with telomere length below the 10% of normal population, affected with three telomeropathies: dyskeratosis congenita (4), aplastic anemia (22) or pulmonary fibrosis (21) were analyzed. Eighteen of these patients presented known pathogenic or novel possibly pathogenic variants in the telomere-related genes TERT, TERC, RTEL1, CTC1 and ACD. In addition, the analyses of a panel of 188 genes related to haematological disorders indicated that a relevant proportion of the patients (up to 35%) presented rare variants in genes related to DNA repair or in genes coding for proteins involved in the resolution of complex DNA structures, that participate in telomere replication. Mutations in some of these genes are causative of several syndromes previously associated to telomere shortening. CONCLUSION: Novel variants in telomere, DNA repair and replication genes are described that might indicate the contribution of variants in these genes to the development of telomeropathies. Patients carrying variants in telomere-related genes presented worse evolution after diagnosis than the rest of patients analyzed.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , Disceratose Congênita/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Encurtamento do Telômero/genética , Telômero/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Linhagem , RNA/genética , Telomerase/genética , Adulto Jovem
4.
Front Immunol ; 10: 586, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984175

RESUMO

Background: Immunodeficiencies (ID), in particular primary immunodeficiencies (PID), are often associated with haematological manifestations, such as peripheral cytopenias or lymphoproliferative syndromes. Early diagnosis and management have significant prognostic implications. Secondary immunodeficiencies (SID) may also be induced by oncohaematological diseases and their treatments. Haematologists and oncologists must therefore be aware of the association between blood disorders and cancer and ID, and be prepared to offer their patients appropriate treatment without delay. Our aim was to define the warning signs of primary and secondary IDs in paediatric and adult patients with oncohaematological manifestations. Methods: A multidisciplinary group of six experts (2 haematologists, 2 immunologists, and 2 paediatricians specializing in ID) conducted a literature review and prepared a document based on agreements reached an in-person meeting. An external group of 44 IDs specialists from all over Spain assessed the document and were consulted regarding their level of agreement. Results: This document identifies the haematological and extra-haematological diseases that should prompt a suspicion of PIDs in adults and children, in both primary care and haematology and oncology departments. Cytopenia and certain lymphoproliferative disorders are key diagnostic pointers. The diagnosis must be based on a detailed clinical history, physical exploration, complete blood count and standard laboratory tests. The immunological and haematological tests included in the diagnostic process will depend on the care level. Patients who are candidates for immunoglobulin replacement therapy must be carefully selected, and treatment should be offered as soon as possible to avoid the development of complications. Finally, this document recommends procedures for monitoring these patients. Conclusions: This document combines scientific evidence with the opinion of a broad panel of experts, and emphasizes the importance of an early diagnosis and treatment to avoid complications. The resulting document is a useful tool for primary care physicians and specialists who see both adult and paediatric patients with oncohaematological diseases.

6.
Clin Immunol ; 201: 30-34, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30776520

RESUMO

Severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCID) comprise a group of genetic diseases characterized by abrogated development of T lymphocytes. In some case reports of atypical SCID patients elevated proportions of γδ T lymphocytes have been reported. However, it is unknown whether these γδ T cells modulate or reflect the patient's clinical phenotype. We investigated the frequency of elevated γδ T cell proportions and associations with clinical disease manifestations in a cohort of 76 atypical SCID patients. Increased proportions of γδ T lymphocytes were present in approximately 60% of these patients. Furthermore, we identified positive correlations between elevated proportions of γδ T cells and the occurrence of CMV infections and autoimmune cytopenias. We discuss that CMV infections might trigger an expansion of γδ T lymphocytes, which could drive the development of autoimmune cytopenias. We advocate that atypical SCID patients should be screened for elevated proportions of γδ T lymphocytes, CMV infection and autoimmune cytopenias.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Doenças Hematológicas/imunologia , Linfócitos Intraepiteliais/imunologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/imunologia , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos
7.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 38(2): 157-160, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29613974

RESUMO

Newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency using T-cell receptor excision circles allows prompt diagnosis and initiation of supportive and curative therapy thereby reducing morbidity and mortality. However, profound combined immunodeficiencies with normal numbers of nonfunctional T cells will go undetected. We present a patient with calcium release-activated calcium channel gene (ORAI1) deficiency and normal T-cell receptor excision circle numbers observed after diagnosis at the age of 14 months who suffered from disseminated fatal cytomegalovirus and Pneumocystis jirovecii infection, demonstrating a potential pitfall of the current newborn screening program.

8.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(1): 359-368, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30273710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postzygotic de novo mutations lead to the phenomenon of gene mosaicism. The 3 main types are called somatic, gonadal, and gonosomal mosaicism, which differ in terms of the body distribution of postzygotic mutations. Mosaicism has been reported occasionally in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) since the early 1990s, but its real involvement has not been systematically addressed. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the incidence of gene mosaicism in patients with PIDs. METHODS: The amplicon-based deep sequencing method was used in the 3 parts of the study that establish (1) the allele frequency of germline variants (n = 100), (2) the incidence of parental gonosomal mosaicism in families with PIDs with de novo mutations (n = 92), and (3) the incidence of mosaicism in families with PIDs with moderate-to-high suspicion of gene mosaicism (n = 36). Additional investigations evaluated body distribution of postzygotic mutations, their stability over time, and their characteristics. RESULTS: The range of allele frequency (44.1% to 55.6%) was established for germline variants. Those with minor allele frequencies of less than 44.1% were assumed to be postzygotic. Mosaicism was detected in 30 (23.4%) of 128 families with PIDs, with a variable minor allele frequency (0.8% to 40.5%). Parental gonosomal mosaicism was detected in 6 (6.5%) of 92 families with de novo mutations, and a high incidence of mosaicism (63.9%) was detected among families with moderate-to-high suspicion of gene mosaicism. In most analyzed cases mosaicism was found to be both uniformly distributed and stable over time. CONCLUSION: This study represents the largest performed to date to investigate mosaicism in patients with PIDs, revealing that it affects approximately 25% of enrolled families. Our results might have serious consequences regarding treatment and genetic counseling and reinforce the use of next-generation sequencing-based methods in the routine analyses of PIDs.


Assuntos
Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Mosaicismo , Família , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Masculino
9.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 45-54, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30547383

RESUMO

Studies of chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with primary antibody deficiency syndromes (ADS) suggest a broad range of bronchial pathology. However, there are as yet no multicentre studies to assess the variety of bronchial pathology in this patient group. One of the underlying reasons is the lack of a consensus methodology, a prerequisite to jointly document chest CT findings. We aimed to establish an international platform for the evaluation of bronchial pathology as assessed by chest CT and to describe the range of bronchial pathologies in patients with antibody deficiency. Ffteen immunodeficiency centres from 9 countries evaluated chest CT scans of patients with ADS using a predefined list of potential findings including an extent score for bronchiectasis. Data of 282 patients with ADS were collected. Patients with common variable immunodeficiency disorders (CVID) comprised the largest subgroup (232 patients, 82.3%). Eighty percent of CVID patients had radiological evidence of bronchial pathology including bronchiectasis in 61%, bronchial wall thickening in 44% and mucus plugging in 29%. Bronchiectasis was detected in 44% of CVID patients aged less than 20 years. Cough was a better predictor for bronchiectasis than spirometry values. Delay of diagnosis as well as duration of disease correlated positively with presence of bronchiectasis. The use of consensus diagnostic criteria and a pre-defined list of bronchial pathologies allows for comparison of chest CT data in multicentre studies. Our data suggest a high prevalence of bronchial pathology in CVID due to late diagnosis or duration of disease.


Assuntos
Brônquios/patologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Parede Torácica/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bronquiectasia/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Espirometria/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Respir Res ; 19(1): 219, 2018 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30419907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications are common in primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) and contribute to morbidity and mortality in these patients. However, their varied presentation and a general lack of awareness of PID in this setting make early diagnosis and treatment difficult. The aim of this study was to define the warning signs of PID in patients with respiratory manifestations, the necessary diagnostic tests, and the therapeutic management of both children and adults. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed, and 43 PID interdisciplinary specialists were consulted. RESULTS: This document identifies the pulmonary and extrapulmonary manifestations that should prompt a suspicion of PID, the immunological and respiratory tests that should be included in the diagnostic process according to the level of care, recommendations regarding the use of immunoglobulin replacement therapy according to the specific immunodeficiency, and the minimum recommended immunological and pulmonary monitoring in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: This document is the first to combine scientific evidence with the opinion of a broad panel of experts specializing in the treatment of patients with immunodeficiencies. It aims to provide a useful tool for all practitioners who are regularly involved in the management of these patients.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/terapia , Prova Pericial/métodos , Prova Pericial/tendências , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia
11.
Pediatrics ; 142(3)2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30068713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The capsular group B meningococcal vaccine (4CMenB) is recommended for children with complement deficiencies, asplenia, and splenic dysfunction; however, data on the immunogenicity of 4CMenB in these "at-risk" children are missing. METHODS: Participants aged 2 to 17 years in Italy, Spain, Poland, the United Kingdom, and Russia with complement deficiencies, asplenia, or splenic dysfunction received 2 doses of 4CMenB 2 months apart, as did healthy children in the control group. Exogenous and endogenous human complement serum bactericidal activity (SBA) was determined at baseline and 1 month after the second immunization against 4 test strains: H44/76 (assessing vaccine antigen factor H binding protein), 5/99 (Neisserial adhesion A), NZ98/254 (Porin A), and M10713 (Neisserial heparin binding antigen). RESULTS: Of 239 participants (mean age 10.3 years, 45% female), 40 children were complement deficient (9 eculizumab therapy, 4 terminal-chain deficiencies, 27 "other"), 112 children had asplenia or splenic dysfunction (8 congenital asplenia, 8 functional asplenia, 96 splenectomy), and 87 children were in the control group. After immunization, the proportions of complement-deficient participants with exogenous complement SBA titers ≥1:5 were 87% (H44/76), 95% (5/99), 68% (NZ98/254), and 73% (M10713), compared with 97%, 100%, 86%, and 94%, respectively, for asplenic children and 98%, 99%, 83%, and 99% for children in the control group. When testing with endogenous complement, strain-specific bactericidal activity was evident in only 1 eculizumab-treated participant and 1 terminal chain complement-deficient participant. CONCLUSIONS: 4CMenB administration is similarly immunogenic in healthy children and those with asplenia or splenic dysfunction. The significance of the trend to lower responses of SBA titers in complement-deficient children (especially those with terminal chain complement deficiency or those on eculizumab therapy) must be determined by ongoing surveillance for vaccine failures.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/deficiência , Imunogenicidade da Vacina/fisiologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Meningocócicas/uso terapêutico , Baço/fisiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/fisiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Síndrome de Heterotaxia/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Heterotaxia/imunologia , Síndrome de Heterotaxia/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções Meningocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/imunologia , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/microbiologia
12.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 89(2): 124.e1-124.e8, ago. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177023

RESUMO

El síndrome hemofagocítico (SHF) o linfohistiocitosis hemofagocítica es una entidad con elevada mortalidad, típicamente reconocida en la edad pediátrica. Sin un correcto tratamiento, el SHF puede ser fatal: el riesgo de una rápida progresión a fallo multiorgánico y de afectación del sistema nervioso central con secuelas a largo plazo, son las consecuencias más graves de un retraso diagnóstico. Por lo tanto, el SHF es una urgencia médica que los pediatras deben saber identificar en un paciente con fiebre y afectación progresiva del estado general. La aplicación de los criterios diagnósticos de SHF, que consideran datos clínicos y analíticos (incluyendo un aspirado de médula ósea), y la búsqueda del factor desencadenante (infeccioso, oncológico, reumatológico, metabólico), son claves para poder instaurar un tratamiento dirigido, que neutralice el desencadenante y frene la hiperinflamación. En la presente revisión se exponen los datos más relevantes sobre la fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta grave enfermedad para pediatras generales


Haemophagocytic syndrome, or haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a disorder with high mortality, typically recognised at paediatric age. Without proper treatment, HLH can be fatal. The risk of a rapid progression to multi-organ failure and central nervous system involvement leading to long-term sequelae, are the most feared consequences of a diagnostic delay. Therefore, HLH is a medical emergency that paediatricians should be able to identify in a patient with fever and progressive worsening of general condition. The application of the HLH diagnostic criteria, which include clinical and analytical data (as well as a bone marrow aspirate), and the search for a trigger (infectious, oncological, rheumatological, or metabolic). These are decisive for the establishment of a targeted treatment, which aims at neutralising the trigger and reducing the hyper-inflammation. The most relevant data for general paediatricians are presented in this review, including the physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this serious disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Sepse , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/fisiopatologia
13.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 89(2): 124.e1-124.e8, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29871839

RESUMO

Haemophagocytic syndrome, or haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a disorder with high mortality, typically recognised at paediatric age. Without proper treatment, HLH can be fatal. The risk of a rapid progression to multi-organ failure and central nervous system involvement leading to long-term sequelae, are the most feared consequences of a diagnostic delay. Therefore, HLH is a medical emergency that paediatricians should be able to identify in a patient with fever and progressive worsening of general condition. The application of the HLH diagnostic criteria, which include clinical and analytical data (as well as a bone marrow aspirate), and the search for a trigger (infectious, oncological, rheumatological, or metabolic). These are decisive for the establishment of a targeted treatment, which aims at neutralising the trigger and reducing the hyper-inflammation. The most relevant data for general paediatricians are presented in this review, including the physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this serious disease.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia , Criança , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos
14.
Blood ; 131(21): 2335-2344, 2018 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653965

RESUMO

Integrity of the T-cell receptor/CD3 complex is crucial for positive and negative selection of T cells in the thymus and for effector and regulatory functions of peripheral T lymphocytes. In humans, CD3D, CD3E, and CD3Z gene defects are a cause of severe immune deficiency and present early in life with increased susceptibility to infections. By contrast, CD3G mutations lead to milder phenotypes, mainly characterized by autoimmunity. However, the role of CD3γ in establishing and maintaining immune tolerance has not been elucidated. In this manuscript, we aimed to investigate abnormalities of T-cell repertoire and function in patients with genetic defects in CD3G associated with autoimmunity. High throughput sequencing was used to study composition and diversity of the T-cell receptor ß (TRB) repertoire in regulatory T cells (Tregs), conventional CD4+ (Tconv), and CD8+ T cells from 6 patients with CD3G mutations and healthy controls. Treg function was assessed by studying its ability to suppress proliferation of Tconv cells. Treg cells of patients with CD3G defects had reduced diversity, increased clonality, and reduced suppressive function. The TRB repertoire of Tconv cells from patients with CD3G deficiency was enriched for hydrophobic amino acids at positions 6 and 7 of the CDR3, a biomarker of self-reactivity. These data demonstrate that the T-cell repertoire of patients with CD3G mutations is characterized by a molecular signature that may contribute to the increased rate of autoimmunity associated with this condition.


Assuntos
Complexo CD3/genética , Imunomodulação , Mutação , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
15.
Eur J Med Genet ; 61(7): 393-398, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29477862

RESUMO

Genetic defects of NKX2-1 are classically associated with hypothyroidism, benign chorea and neonatal respiratory distress. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic pathogenesis of the "NKX2-1 triad" in a 10 year-old female presenting additional features barely described in the disorder. In the neonatal period, she presented with generalized hypotonia and respiratory distress, with later episodes of frequent wheezing. At 3 month-age developmental dysplasia of the hip was diagnosed and at 10 months, primary hypothyroidism was detected and treated. Subsequently, delayed achievement of developmental milestones and then subtle choreic movements of extremities were identified at 2 years of age. Furthermore, delayed teeth eruption and agenesis of some dental pieces, short stature and joint hyperlaxity were also noticed. At 10 years, a poor immune response to polysaccharide antigens and hypogammaglobulinemia, including all IgG subclasses were detected. Surprisingly, no mutations were identified in the complete coding region of NKX2-1 by PCR and Sanger sequencing. MLPA showed a de novo loss of gene dosage in all 3 probes located in NKX2-1 exons. A CGH-array identified a deletion of 3.32 Mb in chromosome 14q13.2-q21.1 containing 20 genes, including NKX2-1, PAX9 and two candidate genes (NFKB1A and PPP2R3C) involved in immune response. The Brain-Lung-Thyroid syndrome (OMIM#610978; ORPHA:209905) associated with other clinical phenotypes should suggest monoallelic deletions of chromosome 14 causing haploinsufficiency of NKX2-1, and other contiguous genes like PAX9 (hypodontia) or other dosage-sensitive genes in the chromosomal vicinity that emerge as candidates for hypogammaglobulinemia, mainly NFKBIA.


Assuntos
Atetose/genética , Coreia/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/genética , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Feminino , Humanos , Fenótipo
17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(1): 322-328.e10, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28392333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare DNA breakage repair disorders predispose to infection and lymphoreticular malignancies. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is curative, but coadministered chemotherapy or radiotherapy is damaging because of systemic radiosensitivity. We collected HCT outcome data for Nijmegen breakage syndrome, DNA ligase IV deficiency, Cernunnos-XRCC4-like factor (Cernunnos-XLF) deficiency, and ataxia-telangiectasia (AT). METHODS: Data from 38 centers worldwide, including indication, donor, conditioning regimen, graft-versus-host disease, and outcome, were analyzed. Conditioning was classified as myeloablative conditioning (MAC) if it contained radiotherapy or alkylators and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) if no alkylators and/or 150 mg/m2 fludarabine or less and 40 mg/kg cyclophosphamide or less were used. RESULTS: Fifty-five new, 14 updated, and 18 previously published patients were analyzed. Median age at HCT was 48 months (range, 1.5-552 months). Twenty-nine patients underwent transplantation for infection, 21 had malignancy, 13 had bone marrow failure, 13 received pre-emptive transplantation, 5 had multiple indications, and 6 had no information. Twenty-two received MAC, 59 received RIC, and 4 were infused; information was unavailable for 2 patients. Seventy-three of 77 patients with DNA ligase IV deficiency, Cernunnos-XLF deficiency, or Nijmegen breakage syndrome received conditioning. Survival was 53 (69%) of 77 and was worse for those receiving MAC than for those receiving RIC (P = .006). Most deaths occurred early after transplantation, suggesting poor tolerance of conditioning. Survival in patients with AT was 25%. Forty-one (49%) of 83 patients experienced acute GvHD, which was less frequent in those receiving RIC compared with those receiving MAC (26/56 [46%] vs 12/21 [57%], P = .45). Median follow-up was 35 months (range, 2-168 months). No secondary malignancies were reported during 15 years of follow-up. Growth and developmental delay remained after HCT; immune-mediated complications resolved. CONCLUSION: RIC HCT resolves DNA repair disorder-associated immunodeficiency. Long-term follow-up is required for secondary malignancy surveillance. Routine HCT for AT is not recommended.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/genética , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/terapia , Reparo do DNA , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Alelos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/diagnóstico , Distúrbios no Reparo do DNA/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Mutação , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Viroses , Adulto Jovem
18.
Front Immunol ; 9: 3148, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761159

RESUMO

Background: NF-κB1 is a master regulator of both acquired and innate responses. NFKB1 loss-of-function mutations elicit a wide clinical phenotype with asymptomatic individuals at one end of the spectrum and patients with common variable immunodeficiency, combined immunodeficiency or autoinflammation at the other. Impairment of acquired and innate immunity and disseminated Mycobacterium genavense infection expands the clinical and immunological phenotype of NF-κB1 deficiency. Objective: Functional and molecular characterization of a patient with a novel phenotype of NF-κB1 deficiency. Methods: Circulating T, B, dendritic cell subsets and innate or unconventional T-cells were quantified. The cytokine production in stimulated whole blood samples was assessed and molecular characterization by next generation sequencing and gene expression assays were also performed. Results: We report a patient presenting with features of combined immunodeficiency (CID) and disseminated Mycobacterium genavense infection. Sequencing of genomic DNA identified a novel synonymous mutation (c.705G > A) in NFKB1 gene which resulted in exon 8 skipping and haploinsufficiency of the NF-κB1 subunit p50. The susceptibility to atypical mycobacterial infection has not been previously reported and may be the result of a dendritic cell deficiency. A selective deficiency of circulating follicular helper T (cTFH) cells responsible for mediating the differentiation of naive B cells into memory and plasma cells was also present in the patient. It could affect the maturation of innate or unconventional T cells where NF-κB1 could also be involved. Conclusion: These findings showed that the role of NF-κB1 in humans could be critical for the development of acquired and innate immunity and further highlights the role of human T cells in anti-mycobacterial immunity.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Imunidade Inata , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/etiologia , Mycobacterium/imunologia , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/deficiência , Biópsia , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Pele/patologia
19.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2959, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666249
20.
Front Immunol ; 8: 802, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28747912

RESUMO

GATA binding protein 2 (GATA2) deficiency is a rare disorder of hematopoiesis, lymphatics, and immunity caused by spontaneous or autosomal dominant mutations in the GATA2 gene. Clinical manifestations range from neutropenia, lymphedema, deafness, to severe viral and mycobacterial infections, bone marrow failure, and acute myeloid leukemia. Patients also present with monocytopenia, dendritic cell, B- and natural killer (NK)-cell deficiency. We studied the T-cell and NK-cell compartments of four GATA2-deficient patients to assess if changes in these lymphocyte populations could be correlated with clinical phenotype. Patients with more severe clinical complications demonstrated a senescent T-cell phenotype whereas patients with lower clinical score had undetectable changes relative to controls. In contrast, patients' NK-cells demonstrated an immature/activated phenotype that did not correlate with clinical score, suggesting an intrinsic NK-cell defect. These studies will help us to determine the contribution of T- and NK-cell dysregulation to the clinical phenotype of GATA2 patients, and may help to establish the most accurate therapeutic options for these patients. Asymptomatic patients may be taken into consideration for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation when dysregulation of T-cell and NK-cell compartment is present.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA