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1.
Am J Hematol ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625177

RESUMO

A total of 192 pediatric patients, median age 8.6 years, with high-risk hematological malignancies, underwent haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) using post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) or ex vivo T cell-depleted (TCD) graft platforms from January 1999 to December 2016 in 10 centers in Spain. Some 41 patients received an unmanipulated graft followed by PT-Cy for graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis. A total of 151 patients were transplanted with CD3-depleted peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) by either CD34+ selection, CD3+ CD19+ depletion, TCRαß+ CD19+ depletion or CD45RA+ depletion added to CD34+ selection for GvHD prophylaxis. PBSCs were the only source in patients following ex vivo TCD haplo-HSCT; bone marrow was the source in 9 of 41 patients following PT-CY haplo-HSCT. Engraftment was achieved in 91.3% of cases. A donor younger than 30 years, and the development of chronic GvHD were positive factors influencing survival, whereas positive minimal residual disease (MRD) before transplant and lymphoid disease were negative factors. The probability of relapse increased with lymphoid malignancies, a donor killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) haplotype A and positive MRD pretransplant. No difference was found in overall survival, disease-free survival or relapse incidence between the two platforms. Relapse is still of concern in both platforms, and it should be the focus of future efforts. In conclusion, both platforms for haplo-HSCT were effective and could be utilized depending on the comfort level of the center. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482597

RESUMO

Childhood cancer patients are at risk of developing important adverse effects, mortality and disease relapse after treatments, which has a substantial economic impact on healthcare systems. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of supervised inhospital exercise on clinical endpoints during childhood cancer treatment. 169 children with a new diagnosis of cancer were divided into an exercise intervention (n = 68, 11 ± 4 years) or a control group (n = 101, 11 ± 3 years). The cohort was followed up from the start of treatment for up to five years. Supervised inhospital exercise intervention was performed during the neoadjuvant (for solid tumors) or intensive chemotherapy treatment period (for leukemias). The median duration of the intervention was 22 (interquartile range, 14-28) weeks. We assessed survival, risk of disease relapse or metastasis, and days of hospitalization (primary outcomes), and cardiovascular function, anthropometry and blood variables (secondary outcomes). No exercise-related adverse events were noted. The exercise group had significantly less days of hospitalization than the control group (P = .031), resulting in a lower (~-17%) mean total economic cost of hospitalization in the former. Moreover, echocardiography-determined left ventricular function (ejection fraction and fractional shortening) was significantly impaired in the control group after treatment compared with baseline, whereas it was maintained in the exercise group (P = .024 and .021 for the between-group differences, respectively). In conclusion, supervised inhospital exercise intervention is safe and plays a cardioprotective role, at least in the short term, in children with cancer, also reducing hospitalization time, and therefore alleviating the economic burden.

3.
Eur J Haematol ; 102(6): 465-471, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828868

RESUMO

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is an infrequent complication of allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT). AIMS: To estimate the frequency and management of PTLD in Spain and to identify prognostic factors influencing outcomes. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective analysis of allo-SCT performed in 14 transplant units over a 15-year period. RESULTS: 102 PTLD were diagnosed among 12 641 allo-SCT, leading to an estimated frequency of 0.8%. PTLD was diagnosed at a median of 106 days after SCT. Eighty-seven cases (85%) were diagnosed between 2007 and 2013. At diagnosis, 22% and 17% of the patients had gastrointestinal tract and CNS involvement. Eighty-seven (85%) received rituximab treatment, alone or in combination with immunosuppression reduction, with an ORR of 50.6%. With a median follow-up for survivors of 58 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS) was 33% and the PTLD-related mortality 45%. Age ≥ 40 years, malignant underlying disease, non-response to rituximab, and severe thrombocytopenia or lymphocytopenia at PTLD diagnosis were associated with worse overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Only a small proportion of allografted patients were diagnosed a PTLD. Its clinical course was highly aggressive, and prognosis poor, especially in those failing rituximab. The prognostic impact found of the platelet, and lymphocyte count at diagnosis requires further confirmation.

4.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 152(4): 135-145, feb. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181880

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: El incremento descrito en la prevalencia de hemoglobinopatías, de ß-talasemia mayor (TM) y de enfermedad drepanocítica (ED) que ha ocurrido en las últimas dos décadas en nuestro país ha generado nuevas necesidades en cuanto a recursos médicos tanto para la prevención como para el tratamiento de estos pacientes. El trasplante alogénico de progenitores hematopoyéticos (alo-TPH) es el tratamiento curativo disponible en nuestro medio para pacientes con hemoglobinopatías graves. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue conocer los resultados del alo-TPH en pacientes pediátricos con TM o ED realizados en unidades de trasplante hematopoyético pediátrico incluidas dentro del Grupo Español de Trasplante de Médula Ósea en Niños (GETMON). Material y métodos: Revisión retrospectiva de los pacientes sometidos a TPH en unidades de TPH del GETMON hasta el año 2015. Resultados: Se analizaron un total de 65 pacientes (43 pacientes afectados de TM y 22 de ED) que recibieron el alo-TPH en 6 unidades GETMON entre noviembre de 1989 y diciembre de 2014. La supervivencia libre de eventos 3años postrasplante fue del 81% y la supervivencia global del 92% en pacientes con TM. La supervivencia libre de eventos 3años postrasplante fue del 79% y la supervivencia global del 85% en pacientes con ED. Conclusiones: Los resultados de esta serie son comparables a los resultados de otras series internacionales y ofrecen un punto de partida para continuar intentando mejorar la evolución de estos pacientes


Background and objectives: A recently occurring increase of the prevalence of haemoglobinopathies, ß-thalassaemia major (TM) and sickle cell disease (SCD) over the last two decades in our country has generated new needs in terms of medical resources for both prevention and treatment of these patients. Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) is a curative treatment available for patients who have severe haemoglobinopathies. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the results of allo-HSCT in paediatric patients with TM or SCD performed in paediatric hematopoietic transplant units within the Spanish Group of Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children (GETMON). Material and methods: Retrospective review of patients undergoing HSCT in the GETMON units until 2015. Results: A total of 65 patients were analysed (43 patients were affected with TM and 22 with SCD), who received allo-HSCT in 6 GETMON units between November 1989 and December 2014. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 81% and overall survival 92% in patients with TM. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 79% and overall survival 85% in patients with SCD. Conclusions: The results of this series are comparable to the results of other international series and offer a platform from which to continue trying to improve the evolution of these patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Talassemia/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinopatias/epidemiologia , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Neutrófilos/transplante , Hemoglobinopatias/prevenção & controle , Hemoglobinopatias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Sobrevivência
6.
Am J Hematol ; 94(3): 319-326, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536806

RESUMO

Ruxolitinib is a promising treatment for steroid refractory graft-vs-host disease (GvHD). However, data concerning effects on T cells are probably involved in increased risk of opportunistic infections. We analyzed clinical and immunological changes in children with GvHD taking ruxolitinib. Twenty-two children that underwent transplantation and received ruxolitinib were included. Ruxolitinib indication was acute and chronic GvHD in 13 and 9 patients, respectively. Overall response rate (ORR) in acute GvHD and chronic GvHD was high, of 77% and 89%, respectively. Ruxolitinib was associated with an increase in CD4 effector memory (EM), and decrease of CD4 central memory percentage. CD4 regulatory T cells percentage decreased significantly. Patients who achieved complete response to ruxolitinib had higher natural killer (NK) cells before ruxolitinib that patients who did not respond. Also there was an increase of CD4 lymphocytes percentage, with decrease of CD8 and NK cells percentage in responders against non-responders. There were 54%, 18% and 13% of infections caused by virus, bacteria and fungi, respectively. Cumulative incidence of relapse and non-relapse mortality was 19 ± 9%and 28 ± 10%, respectively. Overall survival and disease-free survival rate at 2 years were 62 ± 11% and 58 ± 11%, respectively. Ruxolitinib is a promising treatment for acute and chronic GvHD with a high ORR of 77% and 89%, respectively. It produces important changes in immune system, such as increase of CD4 EM cells and decrease in NK and regulatory T cells. Now, we need pharmacokinetic studies to determine ruxolitinib dose in children and close surveillance and antimicrobial prophylaxis.

7.
Eur J Haematol ; 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adenovirus (AdV) infections are potentially life-threatening for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) recipients. The AdVance study aimed to evaluate the incidence management and outcomes of AdV infections in European allo-HCT recipients. METHODS: As part of the study physician surveys were conducted to determine current AdV screening and treatment practices at their center. RESULTS: All of the 28 respondents who treat pediatric patients reported routine AdV screening practices with 93% screening all allo-HCT recipients and others screening those with transplant-related risk factors. Nearly all centers take a pre-emptive approach to AdV treatment in both high- (89%) and low-risk patients (75%). Among the 14 respondents who treat adult patients 5/14 (36%) reported routine screening practices and few (21%) screen all allo-HCT recipients unless risk factors are present. In adults, pre-emptive AdV treatment is uncommon and quantitative AdV thresholds are rare. Typical treatment for all patients with symptomatic AdV infection is off-label intravenous cidofovir. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that screening for AdV is more common in pediatric patients. Antiviral treatment is employed in both pediatric and adult patients, although adults are generally treated when AdV disease is diagnosed. The approach to AdV screening and treatment is risk-based and consistent with clinical guidelines. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 5(10): ofy235, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30349846

RESUMO

We report the first case, to our knowledge, of a child who presented with severe zonal hepatic necrosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation secondary to infection with the rubella virus RA27/3 vaccine strain.

10.
Curr Opin Oncol ; 30(6): 396-401, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307414

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nowadays, T-cell-depleted haploidentical transplantation is considered a valid approach for children lacking a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical donor for allogeneic transplantation. This kind of allogeneic transplant is now widely used especially for pediatric patients with high-risk hematological malignancies. However, relapsing disease and life-threatening viral infections are still relevant clinical problems as a consequence of delayed immune reconstitution. Adoptive cell therapies have been proposed to overcome this problem. RECENT FINDINGS: After initial clinical approach using CD34+ selection as method for T-cell depletion (TCD), it was observed that immune reconstitution was delayed and it resulted on high incidence of opportunistic infections and nonrelapse mortality. It is now evident that development over time of graft manipulation techniques for TCD, have provide clinicians a useful tool for overcoming transplant complication such as graft failure, severe graft-vs.-host disease and opportunistic infections. As such, several procedures of almost total or partial TCD have been developed including CD3/CD19 depletion, T cell receptor αß/CD19 depletion and more recently CD45RA+ depletion. Recent studies showed that immune reconstitution is associated with transplant outcomes. Based on this, haploidentical transplantation is now been explored as platform for cellular therapy to prevent disease recurrence or to treat clinical complications. SUMMARY: Allogeneic transplantation still remains a standard of care for pediatric patients with high-risk hematological malignancies. In absence of an HLA identical donor, T-cell-depleted haploidentical transplant is now considered a valid option and provide a platform for cellular therapy to prevent relapse disease or to treat opportunistic infections.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30244103

RESUMO

Children with acute leukemia who relapse after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have few therapeutic options. We studied 251 children and young adults with acute myelogenous or lymphoblastic leukemia who underwent a second HCT for relapse after their first HCT. The median age at second HCT was 11 years, and the median interval between first and second HCT was 17 months. Most of the patients (n = 187; 75%) were in remission, received a myeloablative conditioning regimen (n = 157; 63%), and underwent unrelated donor HCT (n = 230; 92%). The 2-year probability of leukemia-free survival (LFS) was 33% after transplantation in patients in remission, compared with 19% after transplantation in patients not in remission (P = .02). The corresponding 8-year probabilities were 24% and 10% (P = .003). A higher rate of relapse contributed to the difference in LFS. The 2-year probability of relapse after transplantation was 42% in patients in remission and 56% in those in relapse (P = .05). The corresponding 8-year probabilities were 49% and 64% (P = .04). These data extend the findings of others showing that patients with a low disease burden are more likely to benefit from a second transplantation. Late relapse led to a 10% decrement in LFS beyond the second year after second HCT. This differs from first HCT, in which most relapses occur within 2 years after HCT.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30142415

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an established treatment for high-risk hematological malignancies in the pediatric population, but relapse remains the leading cause of death. We analyzed risk factors associated with relapse. Data from 353 allo-HSCTs from 1989 to 2015 in our center were studied retrospectively. We performed a multivariate analysis of pre- and postransplantation variables and developed a predictive risk score for relapse using the significant factors in this training cohort. The results were confirmed in a validation cohort of 90 allo-HSCTs done in our institution from 2016 to the present. A total of 104 patients relapsed after allo-HSCT, with a relapse cumulative incidence of 31 ± 2%. In multivariate analysis, only 2 variables influenced relapse: disease phase (advanced versus early, HR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.76 to 4.57; P = .001) and presence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (acute GVHD versus chronic GVHD [HR, 4.27; 95% CI, 1.99 to 9.15; P = .0001] and no GVHD versus chronic GVHD [HR, 6.86; 95% CI, 3.63 to 12.97] P = .0001]. Applying the personalized risk score (0 to 3), the relapse cumulative incidence was 70 ± 5% in patients with a score of 3 (without GVHD and in the advanced phase) compared with 6 ± 4% in patients with a score of 0 (with chronic GVHD and in an early phase). This score has been verified in the validation set. With a median follow-up of 54 months, the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rate were 37 ± 3% and 45 ± 4%, respectively. The association of GVHD with the graft-versus-leukemia effect is clearly established in our study, and the form of GVHD associated with less relapse and the best DFS is the classical form of chronic GVHD according to the National Institutes of Health classification. The proposed relapse risk score was validated in an independent cohort and allows personalization of the prognosis.

13.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(12): 2493-2500, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30145228

RESUMO

Preliminary data suggest that ex vivo T cell-depleted matched related donor (MRD) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is feasible and confers a clinically beneficial reduction in graft-versus-host disease. Classically, T cell-depleted grafts were associated with reduction of the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect because of delayed T cell immune reconstitution. However, natural killer (NK) cell alloreactivity is also critical for an early GVL effect as well as for lymphocyte immune reconstitution. Here, we study the role of NK cells in MRD T cell-depleted HSCT, which is still poorly understood. Given that MRD ligands for inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are matched, we focused on activating KIR receptors. We retrospectively analyzed KIR genotyping in patients and MRDs in 40 ex vivo T cell-depleted pediatric HSCTs. The log-rank test and Cox proportional risk test were performed to correlate genotype with clinical outcome (relapse rate, disease-free survival, and overall survival) and immune reconstitution. The statistical analysis revealed poorer overall survival when donors have a KIR-B content score of ≥2, a best/better subtype, or present the KIR2DS1 gene. The patient's relapse rate was higher when donors present the KIR2DL5A gene, as well as a poorer probability of disease-free survival when the donor is classified with a best/better subtype. Regarding immune reconstitution, donor KIR haplotype A or the presence of inhibitory KIR genes promote best recovery of T lymphocytes, whereas donor KIR haplotype B or the presence of activating KIR genes confer better expansion of NK cells. These findings suggest that the selection of MRDs with an inhibitory KIR phenotype improve T cell expansion as well as the clinical outcome after pediatric ex vivo T cell-depleted HSCT.

14.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2018 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A recently occurring increase of the prevalence of haemoglobinopathies, ß-thalassaemia major (TM) and sickle cell disease (SCD) over the last two decades in our country has generated new needs in terms of medical resources for both prevention and treatment of these patients. Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) is a curative treatment available for patients who have severe haemoglobinopathies. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the results of allo-HSCT in paediatric patients with TM or SCD performed in paediatric hematopoietic transplant units within the Spanish Group of Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children (GETMON). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients undergoing HSCT in the GETMON units until 2015. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients were analysed (43 patients were affected with TM and 22 with SCD), who received allo-HSCT in 6 GETMON units between November 1989 and December 2014. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 81% and overall survival 92% in patients with TM. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 79% and overall survival 85% in patients with SCD. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this series are comparable to the results of other international series and offer a platform from which to continue trying to improve the evolution of these patients.

15.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 88(4): 196-203, abr. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172989

RESUMO

Introducción: El trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TPH) consiste en implantar elementos celulares capaces de generar un sistema hematopoyético nuevo y sano. El régimen de intensidad reducida (RIR) consiste en un tratamiento predominantemente inmunosupresor, para facilitar un implante progresivo con menor morbilidad. Este tipo de acondicionamiento puede también provocar mielosupresión, aunque potencialmente reversible en el tiempo. El acondicionamiento RIR permite aplicar TPH a pacientes con enfermedad genética en los que no es deseable añadir comorbilidad por las altas dosis de quimioterapia que conlleva el régimen mieloablativo convencional. Pacientes y métodos: Se analiza la evolución de 68 pacientes pediátricos con enfermedades genéticas que entre los años 2005-2013 se han sometido a un TPH con RIR en las Unidades pediátricas de Trasplante Hematopoyético de los hospitales españoles integrantes del Grupo Español para Trasplante de Médula Ósea en niños. Se trata de un estudio multicéntrico que incluye a 68 pacientes, de los cuales 43 presentan inmunodeficiencia primaria, 21 presentan hemopatía congénita y 4 están afectados de metabolopatía. Resultados: Cincuenta de los 68 pacientes se encuentran vivos (73,5%). La supervivencia global (SG) a 9 años es de 0,74. Veintitrés (33,8%) han presentado en el transcurso del TPH algún evento. Supervivencia libre de evento de 0,66. La SG en los pacientes con hemopatía es de 0,81; en las inmunodeficiencias primarias es de 0,70 y en las metabolopatías es de 0,4. No se observa diferencia significativa entre los 3 grupos de enfermedades. Respecto a la fuente de progenitores hematopoyéticos, la SG en los pacientes trasplantados con sangre periférica es de 0,74; con médula ósea es de 0,70 y con la sangre de cordón umbilical es de 0,70. No se observa tampoco diferencia estadística significativa. Conclusiones: En nuestro trabajo, de ámbito nacional, hemos evidenciado unos resultados favorables en TPH con régimen de intensidad reducida en las enfermedades genéticas. Cabe destacar que las metabolopatías requieren una consideración individualizada para sopesar en cada paciente los riesgos y beneficios que comporta el RIR


Introduction: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) involves implanting cellular elements capable of generating a new and healthy haematopoietic system. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) consists of an immunosuppressive treatment to facilitate a progressive implant with lower morbidity. This type of conditioning can also lead to myelosuppression, which is potentially reversible over time. Reduced intensity conditioning enables HSCT to be performed on patients with genetic diseases for whom added comorbidity is undesirable due to the high doses of chemotherapy that accompanies conventional myeloablative regimens. Patients and methods: An analysis was performed on the outcomes of 68 paediatric patients with genetic diseases who underwent HSCT with RIC between 2005 and 2013 in the of Paediatric Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Units that are part of the Spanish Working Group for Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children. A multicentre study was conducted including 68 patients, of whom 43 had Primary Immunodeficiency, 21 with congenital haematological diseases, and 4 with metabolic diseases. Results: Fifty (73.5%) of the 68 patients were still alive. The Overall Survival (OS) at nine years was 0.74. Twenty-three (33.8%) had some event during the course of the HSCT, with an event-free survival rate of 0.66. The OS in patients with haematological diseases was 0.81, being 0.7 in primary immunodeficiencies, and 0.4 in metabolic diseases. No significant difference was observed between the 3 groups of diseases. As regards the source of haematopoietic progenitors, there was an OS rate of 0.74 in patients transplanted with peripheral blood, 0.70 with bone marrow, and 0.70 and with cord blood, with no statistically significant differences. Conclusions: Favourable results have been obtained in HSCT with reduced intensity conditioning in genetic diseases. It should be noted that the risks and benefits of the RIC in patients with metabolic diseases need to be assessed on an individual basis


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/complicações , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Comorbidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Transfus Med Rev ; 2018 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29573905

RESUMO

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) associated with poor outcome. However, an optimal therapeutic approach is lacking. Between 2000 and 2015, 4099 allogeneic HSCT were performed in eight pediatric centers of the Grupo Español De Trasplante de Medula Osea en Niños (GETMON) and six adult centers of the Grupo Español de Trasplante Hematopoyetico (GETH). Sixty cases of AIHA were registered with a cumulative incidence of 1.5% occurring at a median of 6 months after HSCT. Patients aged less than 15 years (P=.005), and patients using cord blood (P=.005) or an HLA mismatch donor (P=.005) were more likely to develop AIHA. Most patients were lymphopenic at the time of diagnosis of AIHA, including a low number of regulatory T lymphocytes (median 3/µL). Median lines of treatment received for AIHA was 3 (range, 1-7). Almost all patients received corticosteroids (88%) and more than half received immunoglobulins or rituximab (63% and 67%, respectively). Complete resolution of AIHA was achieved in 33 of 60 cases (55%). Cumulative incidence of AIHA-related mortality was 17±6%. We found a correlation of AIHA outcome with age (better outcome in younger than 15 years, RR=1.87, P=.01) and rituximab response (higher rate of complete remission in patients responding to rituximab, RR=1.72, P=.025). We analyzed the factors involved in the response to rituximab and found a better response when there was ABO donor/receptor disparity (P=.014) and in those patients with B lymphocytes count above the median (38/µL) (P=.05).Thirty-six of 60 patients survived yielding a disease free survival of 52±8% at 40 months. In Cox analysis, age (children vs adults, HR: 8.19, CI 95%: 2.39-28.12, P=.001) and AIHA outcome (complete remission vs partial remission/non-response, HR: 4.18, CI 95%: 1.55-11.22, P=.005) were associated with a better survival. Our data suggest that patients who developed AIHA after HSCT are severely lymphopenic and have a high risk of mortality. Outcome is better in children and in patients treated with rituximab. We also propose an algorithm for treatment of AIHA after HSCT.

19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(3): 1036-1049.e5, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29241729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunodysregulation polyendocrinopathy enteropathy x-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a monogenic autoimmune disease caused by FOXP3 mutations. Because it is a rare disease, the natural history and response to treatments, including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and immunosuppression (IS), have not been thoroughly examined. OBJECTIVE: This analysis sought to evaluate disease onset, progression, and long-term outcome of the 2 main treatments in long-term IPEX survivors. METHODS: Clinical histories of 96 patients with a genetically proven IPEX syndrome were collected from 38 institutions worldwide and retrospectively analyzed. To investigate possible factors suitable to predict the outcome, an organ involvement (OI) scoring system was developed. RESULTS: We confirm neonatal onset with enteropathy, type 1 diabetes, and eczema. In addition, we found less common manifestations in delayed onset patients or during disease evolution. There is no correlation between the site of mutation and the disease course or outcome, and the same genotype can present with variable phenotypes. HSCT patients (n = 58) had a median follow-up of 2.7 years (range, 1 week-15 years). Patients receiving chronic IS (n = 34) had a median follow-up of 4 years (range, 2 months-25 years). The overall survival after HSCT was 73.2% (95% CI, 59.4-83.0) and after IS was 65.1% (95% CI, 62.8-95.8). The pretreatment OI score was the only significant predictor of overall survival after transplant (P = .035) but not under IS. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving chronic IS were hampered by disease recurrence or complications, impacting long-term disease-free survival. When performed in patients with a low OI score, HSCT resulted in disease resolution with better quality of life, independent of age, donor source, or conditioning regimen.

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