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1.
Mar Drugs ; 19(5)2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923039

RESUMO

A Micromonospora strain, isolate MT25T, was recovered from a sediment collected from the Challenger Deep of the Mariana Trench using a selective isolation procedure. The isolate produced two major metabolites, n-acetylglutaminyl glutamine amide and desferrioxamine B, the chemical structures of which were determined using 1D and 2D-NMR, including 1H-15N HSQC and 1H-15N HMBC 2D-NMR, as well as high resolution MS. A whole genome sequence of the strain showed the presence of ten natural product-biosynthetic gene clusters, including one responsible for the biosynthesis of desferrioxamine B. Whilst 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that the isolate was most closely related to the type strain of Micromonospora chalcea, a whole genome sequence analysis revealed it to be most closely related to Micromonospora tulbaghiae 45142T. The two strains were distinguished using a combination of genomic and phenotypic features. Based on these data, it is proposed that strain MT25T (NCIMB 15245T, TISTR 2834T) be classified as Micromonospora provocatoris sp. nov. Analysis of the genome sequence of strain MT25T (genome size 6.1 Mbp) revealed genes predicted to responsible for its adaptation to extreme environmental conditions that prevail in deep-sea sediments.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797685

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was designed to determine the taxonomic provenance of a strain, isolate PRKS01-29T, recovered from an Indonesian sand dune and provisionally assigned to the Streptomyces violaceusniger clade. Genomic, genotypic and phenotypic data confirmed this classification. The isolate formed an extensively branched substrate mycelium which carried aerial hyphae that differentiated into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores, contained LL-as the wall diaminopimelic acid, MK-9 (H6, H8) as predominant isoprenologues, phosphatidylethanolamine as the diagnostic phospholipid and major proportions of saturated, iso- and anteiso- fatty acids. Whole-genome sequences generated for the isolate and Streptomyces albiflaviniger DSM 41598T and Streptomyces javensis DSM 41764T were compared with phylogenetically closely related strains, the isolate formed a branch within the S. violaceusniger clade in the resultant phylogenomic tree. Whole-genome sequences data showed that isolate PRKS01-29T was most closely related to the S. albiflaviniger strain but was distinguished from the latter and from other members of the clade using combinations of phenotypic properties and average nucleotide identity and digital DNA:DNA hybridization scores. Consequently, it is proposed that isolate PRKS01-29T (= CCMM B1303T = ICEBB-02T = NCIMB 15210T) should be classified in the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces sabulosicollis sp. nov. It is also clear that streptomycetes which produce spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores form a well-defined monophyletic clade in the Streptomyces phylogenomic tree., the taxonomic status of which requires further study. The genome of the type strain of S. sabulosicollis contains biosynthetic gene clusters predicted to produce new natural products.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406030

RESUMO

A novel sulphate-reducing, Gram-stain-negative, anaerobic strain, isolate XJ01T, recovered from production fluid at the LiaoHe oilfield, PR China, was the subject of a polyphasic study. The isolate together with Desulfovibrio oxamicus NCIMB 9442T and Desulfovibrio termitidis DSM 5308T formed a distinct, well-supported clade in the Desulfovibrionaceae 16S rRNA gene tree. The taxonomic status of the clade was underscored by complementary phenotypic data. The three isolates comprising the clade formed distinct phyletic branches and were distinguished using a combination of physiological features and by low average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values. Consequently, it is proposed that isolate XJ01T represents a novel genus and species for which the name Cupidesulfovibrio liaohensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain XJ01T (=CGMCC 1.5227T=DSM 107637T). It is also proposed that D. oxamicus and D. termitidis be reclassified as Cupidesulfovibrio oxamicus comb. nov. and Cupidesulfovibrio termitidis comb. nov., respectively.


Assuntos
Desulfovibrionaceae/classificação , Campos de Petróleo e Gás/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Desulfovibrio/classificação , Desulfovibrionaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sulfatos/metabolismo , Bactérias Redutoras de Enxofre/classificação , Bactérias Redutoras de Enxofre/isolamento & purificação
5.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 44(1): 126164, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360072

RESUMO

Two actinobacteria, strains NF3 and NH11T, isolated from a pine forest soil, near Torun, Poland were examined for diverse chemotaxonomic and morphological properties that placed them in the genus Catenulispora. They produced an extensively branched stable mycelium, contained LL-diaminopimelic acid as the diamino acid of the peptidoglycan, arabinose as the diagnostic whole-organism sugar, tetra-, hexa- and octa-hydrogenated menaquinones with nine isoprenoid units as the predominant isoprenologues, iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C17:0 as major fatty acids, and formed a well supported clade within the Catenulispora 16S rRNA gene tree together with Catenulispora acidiphila DSM 44928T and Catenulispora rubra DSM 44948T sharing sequence similarities with the latter of 98.8 and 99.0%, respectively. The sizes of whole genome sequences generated for the isolates and the C. rubra strain ranged from 11.20 to 12.80 Mbp with corresponding in silico DNA G+C values of 69.9-70.0%. The isolates and the C. acidiphila and C. rubra strains formed a well supported branch in the actinobacterial phylogenomic tree. Isolates NF3 and NH11T belong to the same species as they have identical 16S rRNA gene sequences, share many chemotaxonomic, cultural and phenotypic features and show very high average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA:DNA relatedness (dDDH) similarities. They can be distinguished from their closest phylogenomic neighbours by using a combination of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties and by ANI and dDDH values well below the thresholds of these metrics used to assign closely related strains to different species. Consequently, we propose that the isolates be classified as a new Catenulispora species, Catenulispora pinisilvae sp. nov., the type strain is NH11T (=DSM 111109T =PCM 3046T). An emended description is given for C. rubra based on data acquired in the present study. Analyses of the draft genomes of the isolates and the C. acidiphila and C. rubra strains revealed the presence of many biosynthetic gene clusters with the potential to synthesize novel drug-like metabolites. In vitro screens showed that the isolates inhibited the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and wheat pathogens belonging to the genus Fusarium.

6.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(6): 126153, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161356

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic position of six representative streptomycetes isolated from an alkaline soil adjacent to a meteoric alkaline soda lake in India. Chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties of the isolates were consistent with their classification in the genus Streptomyces. The isolates formed extensively branched substrate mycelia and aerial hyphae that differentiated in straight chains of spores with smooth surfaces. They contained LL-diaminopimelic acid in the wall peptidoglycan, produced either hexa- or octa-hydrogenated menaquinones with nine isoprene units, major amounts of saturated, iso- and anteiso- fatty acids and phosphatidylethanolamine as the characteristic polar lipid. The isolates grew well at 30 °C, pH 9 and in the presence of 3 to 5% (w/v) sodium chloride. Isolates OF1T, OF3 and OF8 formed a distinct clade within the Streptomyces 16S rRNA gene tree sharing relatively high sequence similarities with the type strains of Streptomyces durbertensis (99.3%), Streptomyces palmae (98.1%) and Streptomyces xinghaiensis (98.3%), but can be distinguished from them using combinations of phenotypic properties. A phylogenomic tree based on draft genome sequences of the isolates and S. durbertensis DSM 104538T confirmed the phylogenetic relationships. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values calculated from the whole genome sequences of isolate OF1T and S. durbertensis DSM 104538T were low at 92.0% and 45.2%, respectively, indicating that they belong to different genomic species. Consequently, on the basis of the genomic, phylogenetic and associated phenotypic data it is proposed that isolates OF1T, OF3 and OF8 be assigned to the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces alkaliterrae sp. nov. with strain OF1T (NCIMB 15195T =PCM 3001T) as the type strain. Isolates IF11, IF17 and IF19, and S. alkaliphilus DSM 42118T were shown to belong to the same taxospecies and together with S. calidiresistens DSM 42108T comprised a well supported clade in the Streptomyces 16S rRNA gene tree. Isolate IF17 and S. alkaliphilus DSM 42118T formed a well-supported clade in the phylogenomic tree, had almost identical digital G + C similarity values, produced long straight chains of smooth-surfaced spores and shared ANI and dDDH values (98.0 and 79.6%, respectively) consistent with their assignment to the same genomic species. In light of all of the data isolates IF11, IF17 and IF19 should be seen as authentic stains of S. alkalihilus. Data acquired in the present study have also been used to emend the descriptions of S. alkaliphilus, S. calidiresistens and S. durbertensis. The genomes of isolates IF17, and OF1T, OF3 and OF8 contain relatively high numbers of biosynthetic gene clusters some of which were discontinously distributed indicating ones predicted to express for novel specialised metabolites.

7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4874-4882, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821037

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the position of a Streptomyces strain, isolate PRKS01-65T, recovered from sand dune soil collected at Parangkusumo, Yogyakarta Province, Java, Indonesia. A combination of chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties confirmed its position in the genus of Streptomyces. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that the isolate was most closely related to Streptomyces leeuwenhoekii C34T (99.9 % similarity) and loosely associated with the type strains of Streptomyces chiangmaiensis (98.7 % similarity) and Streptomyces glomeratus (98.9 % similarity). Multilocus sequence analyses based on five conserved housekeeping gene alleles confirmed the close relationship between the isolate and S. leeuwenhoekii C34T, although both strains belonged to a well-supported clade that encompassed the type strains of S. glomeratus, Streptomyces griseomycini, Streptomyces griseostramineus, Streptomyces labedae, Streptomyces lomondensis and Streptomyces spinoverrucosus. A comparison of the draft genome sequence generated for the isolate with corresponding whole genome sequences of its closest phylogenomic neighbours showed that it formed a well-separated lineage with S. leeuwenhoekii C34T. These strains can also be distinguished using a combination of phenotypic properties and by average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization similarities of 94.3 and 56 %, values consistent with their classification in different species. Based on this wealth of data it is proposed that isolate PRKS01-65T (=NCIMB 15211T=CCMM B1302T=ICEBB-03T) be classified as Streptomyces harenosi sp. nov. The genome of the isolate contains several biosynthetic gene clusters with the potential to produce new natural products.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Genes Bacterianos , Indonésia , Família Multigênica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação
8.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 1417, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733398

RESUMO

Rhodococcus strain IGTS8 is the most extensively studied model bacterium for biodesulfurization of fossil fuels via the non-destructive sulfur-specific 4S pathway. This strain was initially assigned to Rhodococcus rhodochrous and later to Rhodococcus erythropolis thus making its taxonomic status debatable and reflecting the limited resolution of methods available at the time. In this study, phylogenomic analyses of the whole genome sequences of strain IGTS8 and closely related rhodococci showed that R. erythropolis and Rhodococcus qingshengii are very closely related species, that Rhodococcus strain IGTS8 is a R. qingshengii strain and that several strains identified as R. erythropolis should be re-classified as R. qingshengii. The genomes of strains assigned to these species contain potentially novel biosynthetic gene clusters showing that members of these taxa should be given greater importance in the search for new antimicrobials and other industrially important biomolecules. The plasmid-borne dsz operon encoding fossil fuel desulfurization enzymes was present in R. qingshengii IGTS8 and R. erythropolis XP suggesting that it might be transferable between members of these species.

9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3513-3527, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374252

RESUMO

Three presumptive Modestobacter strains isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil were the subject of a polyphasic study. The isolates, strains 1G4T, 1G51 and 1G52, were found to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties that were consistent with their assignment to the genus Modestobacter. They formed a well supported clade in Modestobacter 16S rRNA gene trees and were most closely related to the type strain of 'Modestobacter excelsi' (99.8-99.9% similarity). They were also closely related to the type strains of Modestobacter caceresii (99.6 % similarity), Modestobacter italicus (99.7-99.9% similarity), Modestobacter lacusdianchii (98.4-99.2% similarity), Modestobacter marinus (99.4-99.5% similarity) and Modestobacter roseus (99.3-99.5% similarity), but were distinguished from their closest relatives by a combination of phenotypic features. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA:DNA hybridization similarities drawn from comparisons of draft genome sequences of isolate 1G4T and its closest phylogenetic neighbours mentioned above, were well below the threshold used to assign closely related strains to the same species. The close relationship between isolate 1G4T and the type strain of M. excelsi was showed in a phylogenomic tree containing representative strains of family Geodermatophilaceae. The draft genome sequence of isolate 1G4T (size 5.18 Kb) was shown to be rich in stress related genes providing further evidence that the abundance of Modestobacter propagules in Atacama Desert habitats reflects their adaptation to the harsh environmental conditions prevalent in this biome. In light of all of these data it is proposed that the isolates be assigned to a novel species in the genus Modestobacter. The name proposed for this taxon is Modestobacter altitudinis sp. nov., with isolate 1G4T (=DSM 107534T=PCM 3003T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3210-3218, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320378

RESUMO

The taxonomic status of a Nocardiopsis strain, designated H13T, isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil, was established by using a polyphasic approach. The strain was found to have chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological characteristics consistent with its classification within the genus Nocardiopsis and formed a well-supported clade in the Nocardiopsis phylogenomic tree together with the type strains of Nocardiopsis alborubida, Nocardiopsis dassonvillei and Nocardiopsis synnematoformans. Strain H13T was distinguished from its closest relatives by low average nucleotide identity (93.2-94.9 %) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (52.5-62.4 %) values calculated from draft genome assemblies and by a range of phenotypic properties. On the basis of these results, it is proposed that the isolate be assigned to the genus Nocardiopsis as Nocardiopsis deserti sp. nov. with isolate H13T (=CGMCC 4.7585T=KCTC 49249T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Altitude , Clima Desértico , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Clin Transplant ; 34(4): e13814, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There remains a lack of consensus on the optimal storage method for deceased donor kidneys. This meta-analysis compares storage with hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) vs traditional static cold storage (SCS). METHODS: The Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Specialised Register was searched to identify (quasi-) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to include in our meta-analysis. PRISMA guidelines were used to perform and write this review. RESULTS: There is high-certainty evidence that HMP reduces the risk of delayed graft function (DGF) when compared to SCS (2138 participants from 14 studies, RR = 0.77; 0.67-0.90, P = .0006). This benefit is significant in both donation following circulatory death (DCD; 772 patients from seven studies, RR = 0.75; 0.64-0.87, P = .0002) and donation following brainstem death (DBD) grafts (971 patients from four studies, RR = 0.78; 0.65-0.93, P = .006). The number of perfusions required to prevent one episode of DGF was 7.26 and 13.60 in DCD and DBD grafts, respectively. There is strong evidence that HMP also improves graft survival in both DBD and DCD grafts, at both 1 and 3 years. Economic analyses suggest HMP is cost-saving at 1 year compared with SCS. CONCLUSION: Hypothermic machine perfusion is superior to SCS in deceased donor renal transplantation. Direct comparisons with normothermic machine perfusion in RCTs are essential to identify optimal preservation methods in kidney transplantation.

12.
Mar Drugs ; 18(3)2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106586

RESUMO

Dermacoccus abyssi strain MT1.1T is a piezotolerant actinobacterium that was isolated from Mariana Trench sediment collected at a depth of 10898 m. The organism was found to produce ten dermacozines (A‒J) that belonged to a new phenazine family and which displayed various biological activities such as radical scavenging and cytotoxicity. Here, we report on the isolation and identification of a new dermacozine compound, dermacozine M, the chemical structure of which was determined using 1D and 2D-NMR, and high resolution MS. A whole genome sequence of the strain contained six secondary metabolite-biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs), including one responsible for the biosynthesis of a family of phenazine compounds. A pathway leading to the biosynthesis of dermacozines is proposed. Bioinformatic analyses of key stress-related genes provide an insight into how the organism adapted to the environmental conditions that prevail in the deep-sea.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/genética , Aclimatação , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Animais , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Oceanos e Mares , Fenazinas/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
13.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(1): 126051, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892483

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of three Modestobacter strains isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil. The isolates, strains 1G6T, 1G14 and 1G50, showed chemotaxonomic and morphological properties characteristic of members of the genus Modestobacter. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, the whole cell sugars were glucose and ribose (diagnostic sugars) and arabinose, the predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4), polar lipid patterns contained diphosphatidylglycerol, glycophosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine (diagnostic component), phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol while whole cellular fatty acid profiles consisted of complex mixtures of saturated, unsaturated iso- and anteiso-components. The isolates were shown to have different BOX-PCR fingerprint and physiological profiles. They formed a distinct phyletic line in Modestobacter 16S rRNA gene trees, were most closely related to the type strain of Modestobacter italicus (99.9 % similarity) but were distinguished from this and other closely related Modestobacter type strains using a combination of phenotypic properties. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA:DNA hybridization similarities between the draft genome sequences of isolate 1G6T and M. italicus BC 501T were 90.9 % and 42.3 %, respectively, indicating that they belong to different species. Based on these phenotypic and genotypic data it is proposed that the isolates be assigned to a novel species in the genus Modestobacter, namely as Modestobacter excelsi with isolate 1G6T (=DSM 107535T =PCM 3004T) as the type strain. Analysis of the whole genome sequence of M. excelsi 1G6T (genome size of 5.26 Mb) showed the presence of genes and gene clusters that encode for properties that are in tune with its adaptation to extreme environmental conditions that prevail in the Atacama Desert biome.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/fisiologia , Clima Desértico , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/química , Actinobacteria/citologia , Altitude , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 636-647, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693475

RESUMO

Five actinobacteria isolates, KC201T, KC401, KC310T, KC712T and 6K102T, were recovered from the Karakum Desert during an investigation of novel actinobacteria with biotechnological potential. A polyphasic approach confirmed the affiliation of the strains to the genus Nonomuraea. The strains showed chemotaxonomic and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Nonomuraea. Furthermore, these strains clearly distinguished and formed well supperted clades in phylogenetic and phylogenomic trees. Low ANI and dDDH values and distinguishing phenotypic properties between isolates KC201T, KC310T, KC712T and 6K102T showed that these strains belonged to novel Nonomuraea species, the names proposed for these taxa are Nonomuraea deserti sp. nov., Nonomuraea diastatica sp. nov., Nonomuraea longispora sp. nov. and Nonomuraea mesophila sp. nov., with the type strains KC310T (=CGMCC 4.7331T =DSM 102919T =KCTC 39774T), KC712T (=CGMCC 4.7334T =DSM 102925T =KCTC 39776), KC201T (=CGMCC 4.7339T =DSM 102917T =KCTC 39781T) and 6K102T (=CGMCC 4.7541T =JCM 32916), respectively.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Turcomenistão , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1978, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507580

RESUMO

The present study was designed to clarify the taxonomic status of two species classified as Bacillus cereus sensu lato, namely B. cereus sensu stricto and Bacillus thuringiensis. To this end, nearly 900 whole genome sequences of strains assigned to these taxa were the subject of comparative genomic and phylogenomic analyses. A phylogenomic tree based on core gene sequences showed that the type strains of B. cereus and B. thuringiensis formed a well-supported monophyletic clade that was clearly separated from corresponding clades composed of the remaining validly published species classified as B. cereus sensu lato. However, since average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization similarities between the two types of Bacillus were slightly higher than the thresholds used to distinguish between closely related species we conclude that B. cereus and B. thuringiensis should continue to be recognized as validly published species. The B. thuringiensis strains were assigned to two genomically distinct groups, we propose that these taxa be recognized as genomovars, that is, as B. thuringiensis gv. thuringiensis and B. thuringiensis gv. cytolyticus. The extensive comparative genomic data clearly show that the distribution of pesticidal genes is irregular as strains identified as B. thuringiensis were assigned to several polyphyletic groups/subclades within the B. cereus-B. thuringiensis clade. Consequently, we recommend that genomic or equivalent molecular systematic features should be used to identify B. thuringiensis strains as the presence of pesticidal genes cannot be used as a diagnostic marker for this species. Comparative taxonomic studies are needed to find phenotypic properties that can be used to distinguish between the B. thuringiensis genomovars and between them and B. cereus.

16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3426-3436, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395106

RESUMO

A Micromonospora strain, designated 5R2A7T, isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil was examined by using a polyphasic approach. Strain 5R2A7T was found to have morphological, chemotaxonomic and cultural characteristics typical of members of the genus Micromonospora. The cell wall contains meso- and hydroxy-diaminopimelic acid, the major whole-cell sugars are glucose, ribose and xylose, the predominant menaquinones MK-10(H4), MK-10(H6), MK-10(H8) and MK-9(H6), the major polar lipids diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and an unknown glycolipid, and the predominant cellular fatty acids iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and 10-methyl C17 : 0. The digital genomic DNA G+C content is 72.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 5R2A7T was closely related to Micromonospora coriariae DSM 44875T (99.8 %) and Micromonospora cremea CR30T (99.7 %), and was separated readily from the latter, its closest phylogenetic neighbour, based on gyrB and multilocus sequence data, by low average nucleotide identity (92.59 %) and in silico DNA-DNA relatedness (51.7 %) values calculated from draft genome assemblies and by a range of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties. Consequently, strain 5R2A7T is considered to represent a novel species of Micromonospora for which the name Micromonospora acroterricola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 5R2A7T (=LMG 30755T=CECT 9656T).


Assuntos
Altitude , Clima Desértico , Micromonospora/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Micromonospora/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(12): 1863-1874, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407134

RESUMO

A set of oligonucleotide primers, Rubro223f and Rubro454r, were found to amplify a 267 nucleotide sequence of 16S rRNA genes of Rubrobacter type strains. The primers distinguished members of this genus from other deeply-rooted actinobacterial lineages corresponding to the genera Conexibacter, Gaiella, Parviterribacter, Patulibacter, Solirubrobacter and Thermoleophilum of the class Thermoleophilia. Amplification of DNA bands of about 267 nucleotides were generated from environmental DNA extracted from soil samples taken from two locations in the Atacama Desert. Sequencing of a DNA library prepared from the bands showed that all of the clones fell within the evolutionary radiation occupied by the genus Rubrobacter. Most of the clones were assigned to two lineages that were well separated from phyletic lines composed of Rubrobacter type strains. It can be concluded that primers Rubro223f and Rubro454r are specific for the genus Rubrobacter and can be used to detect the presence and abundance of members of this genus in the Atacama Desert and other biomes.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Primers do DNA/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Microbiologia do Solo , América do Sul
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3465-3471, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460855

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic provenance of a rapidly growing Mycolicibacterium strain, CECT 8783T, recovered from the plant Stellera chamaejasme L. in Yunnan Province, China. Phylogenetic analyses based upon 16S rRNA and whole-genome sequences showed that the strain formed a distinct branch within the evolutionary radiation of the genus Mycolicibacterium. The strain was most closely related to Mycolicibacterium moriokaense DSM 44221T with 98.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, but was distinguished readily from this taxon by a combination of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic features and by low average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of 79.5 and 21.1 %, respectively. Consequently, the strain is considered, to represent a novel species of Mycolicibacterium for which the name Mycolicibacterium stellerae sp. nov is proposed; the type strain is I10A-01893T (=CECT 8783T=KCTC 19843T=DSM 45590T).


Assuntos
Mycobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Thymelaeaceae/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mycobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1457, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333602

RESUMO

This study was designed to determine the plant growth promoting (PGP) potential of members of the genus Frankia. To this end, the genomes of 21 representative strains were examined for genes associated directly or indirectly with plant growth. All of the Frankia genomes contained genes that encoded for products associated with the biosynthesis of auxins [indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthases, anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferases (trpD), anthranilate synthases, and aminases (trpA and B)], cytokinins (11 well-conserved genes within the predicted biosynthetic gene cluster), siderophores, and nitrogenases (nif operon except for atypical Frankia) as well as genes that modulate the effects of biotic and abiotic environmental stress (e.g., alkyl hydroperoxide reductases, aquaporin Z, heat shock proteins). In contrast, other genes were associated with strains assigned to one or more of four host-specific clusters. The genes encoding for phosphate solubilization (e.g., low-affinity inorganic phosphate transporters) and lytic enzymes (e.g., cellulases) were found in Frankia cluster 1 genomes, while other genes were found only in cluster 3 genomes (e.g., alkaline phosphatases, extracellular endoglucanases, pectate lyases) or cluster 4 and subcluster 1c genomes (e.g., NAD(P) transhydrogenase genes). Genes encoding for chitinases were found only in the genomes of the type strains of Frankia casuarinae, F. inefficax, F. irregularis, and F. saprophytica. In short, these in silico genome analyses provide an insight into the PGP abilities of Frankia strains of known taxonomic provenance. This is the first study designed to establish the underlying genetic basis of cytokinin production in Frankia strains. Also, the discovery of additional genes in the biosynthetic gene cluster involved in cytokinin production opens up the prospect that Frankia may have novel molecular mechanisms for cytokinin biosynthesis.

20.
Microbiology (Reading) ; 165(12): 1252-1264, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184575

RESUMO

The rationale of our bioprospecting campaigns is that the extremobiosphere, particularly the deep sea and hyper-arid deserts, harbours undiscovered biodiversity that is likely to express novel chemistry and biocatalysts thereby providing opportunities for therapeutic drug and industrial process development. We have focused on actinobacteria because of their frequent role as keystone species in soil ecosystems and their unrivalled track record as a source of bioactive compounds. Population numbers and diversity of actinobacteria in the extremobiosphere are traditionally considered to be low, although they often comprise the dominant bacterial biota. Recent metagenomic evaluation of 'the uncultured microbial majority' has now revealed enormous taxonomic diversity among 'dark' and 'rare' actinobacteria in samples as diverse as sediments from the depths of the Mariana Trench and soils from the heights of the Central Andes. The application of innovative culture and screening options that emphasize rigorous dereplication at each stage of the analysis, and strain prioritization to identify 'gifted' organisms, have been deployed to detect and characterize bioactive hit compounds and sought-after catalysts from this hitherto untapped resource. The rewards include first-in-a-class chemical entities with novel modes of action, as well as a growing microbial seed bank that represents a potentially enormous source of biotechnological and therapeutic innovation.


Assuntos
Bioprospecção , Ambientes Extremos , Microbiota/genética , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Ecossistema , Genes Microbianos , Genoma Bacteriano/genética
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