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1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(1): 93-102, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667644

RESUMO

The Collaborative National Quality and Efficacy Registry (CONQUER) for Scleroderma is a multicenter US-based longitudinal study of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) within 5 years of first non-Raynaud's symptom. The data collection methodology incorporates successful models from other SSc registries. The cohort is designed to provide linked bio-specimen and clinical outcomes data on a longitudinal cohort of SSc patients for validation of hypothesis-driven research and to provide a platform for studying patient-reported outcomes in scleroderma. The CONQUER registry was developed using the guidelines of the International Society for Biological Repositories, and was an iterative process between physicians with an expertise in SSc, patient stakeholders, and information technology experts. Enrollment commenced in June 2018. During the first 6 months of the CONQUER Scleroderma study, 151 SSc patients with less than 5 years of disease duration (from first non-Raynaud's symptom) have been recruited. The mean age is 51 ± 14 years, 83% are female, and 60% of patients have diffuse disease. Survey completion rates are above 88% for all patient-reported outcome surveys. Bio-specimen collection rates are over 97%, and disease severity score completion rates are over 98%. Pulmonary function test data is available on 91% of patients, and echocardiography is available 80%. The CONQUER scleroderma study provides a unique and growing resource for studying scleroderma in a longitudinal, US-based population. KEY POINTS : • The Collaborative National Quality and Efficacy Registry (CONQUER) for Scleroderma is a multicenter US-based longitudinal study of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) within 5 years of first non-Raynaud's symptom. • The CONQUER scleroderma study provides a unique and growing resource for studying scleroderma in a longitudinal, US-based population. • CONQUER is innovative in its design in that it is focused on prospective collection of paired clinical and patient outcome data with bio-specimens.

2.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(1): 125-136, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: T cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of early systemic sclerosis. This study was undertaken to assess the safety and efficacy of abatacept in patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: In this 12-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, participants were randomized 1:1 to receive either subcutaneous abatacept 125 mg or matching placebo, stratified by duration of dcSSc. Escape therapy was allowed at 6 months for worsening disease. The coprimary end points were change in the modified Rodnan skin thickness score (MRSS) compared to baseline and safety over 12 months. Differences in longitudinal outcomes were assessed according to treatment using linear mixed models, with outcomes censored after initiation of escape therapy. Skin tissue obtained from participants at baseline was classified into intrinsic gene expression subsets. RESULTS: Among 88 participants, the adjusted mean change in the MRSS at 12 months was -6.24 units for those receiving abatacept and -4.49 units for those receiving placebo, with an adjusted mean treatment difference of -1.75 units (P = 0.28). Outcomes for 2 secondary measures (Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index and a composite measure) were clinically and statistically significantly better with abatacept. The proportion of subjects in whom escape therapy was needed was higher in the placebo group relative to the abatacept group (36% versus 16%). In the inflammatory and normal-like skin gene expression subsets, decline in the MRSS over 12 months was clinically and significantly greater in the abatacept group versus the placebo group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively). In the abatacept group, adverse events occurred in 35 participants versus 40 participants in the placebo group, including 2 deaths and 1 death, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this phase II trial, abatacept was well-tolerated, but change in the MRSS was not statistically significant. Secondary outcome measures, including gene expression subsets, showed evidence in support of abatacept. These data should be confirmed in a phase III trial.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(1): 552-562, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871193

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease characterized by mutually exclusive autoantibodies directed against distinct nuclear antigens. We examined HLA associations in SSc and its autoantibody subsets in a large, newly recruited African American (AA) cohort and among European Americans (EA). In the AA population, the African ancestry-predominant HLA-DRB1*08:04 and HLA-DRB1*11:02 alleles were associated with overall SSc risk, and the HLA-DRB1*08:04 allele was strongly associated with the severe antifibrillarin (AFA) antibody subset of SSc (odds ratio = 7.4). These African ancestry-predominant alleles may help explain the increased frequency and severity of SSc among the AA population. In the EA population, the HLA-DPB1*13:01 and HLA-DRB1*07:01 alleles were more strongly associated with antitopoisomerase (ATA) and anticentromere antibody-positive subsets of SSc, respectively, than with overall SSc risk, emphasizing the importance of HLA in defining autoantibody subtypes. The association of the HLA-DPB1*13:01 allele with the ATA+ subset of SSc in both AA and EA patients demonstrated a transancestry effect. A direct correlation between SSc prevalence and HLA-DPB1*13:01 allele frequency in multiple populations was observed (r = 0.98, P = 3 × 10-6). Conditional analysis in the autoantibody subsets of SSc revealed several associated amino acid residues, mostly in the peptide-binding groove of the class II HLA molecules. Using HLA α/ß allelic heterodimers, we bioinformatically predicted immunodominant peptides of topoisomerase 1, fibrillarin, and centromere protein A and discovered that they are homologous to viral protein sequences from the Mimiviridae and Phycodnaviridae families. Taken together, these data suggest a possible link between HLA alleles, autoantibodies, and environmental triggers in the pathogenesis of SSc.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Determine global skin transcriptome patterns of early diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc) and how they differ from later disease. METHODS: Skin biopsy RNA from 48 patients in the Prospective Registry for Early Systemic Sclerosis (PRESS) cohort (mean disease duration 1.3 years) and 33 matched healthy controls was examined by next-generation RNA sequencing. Data were analysed for cell type-specific signatures and compared with similarly obtained data from 55 previously biopsied patients in Genetics versus Environment in Scleroderma Outcomes Study cohort with longer disease duration (mean 7.4 years) and their matched controls. Correlations with histological features and clinical course were also evaluated. RESULTS: SSc patients in PRESS had a high prevalence of M2 (96%) and M1 (94%) macrophage and CD8 T cell (65%), CD4 T cell (60%) and B cell (69%) signatures. Immunohistochemical staining of immune cell markers correlated with the gene expression-based immune cell signatures. The prevalence of immune cell signatures in early diffuse SSc patients was higher than in patients with longer disease duration. In the multivariable model, adaptive immune cell signatures were significantly associated with shorter disease duration, while fibroblast and macrophage cell type signatures were associated with higher modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS). Immune cell signatures also correlated with skin thickness progression rate prior to biopsy, but did not predict subsequent mRSS progression. CONCLUSIONS: Skin in early diffuse SSc has prominent innate and adaptive immune cell signatures. As a prominently affected end organ, these signatures reflect the preceding rate of disease progression. These findings could have implications in understanding SSc pathogenesis and clinical trial design.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 202, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the effect of riociguat, an oral, selective soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, on the net digital ulcer (DU) burden in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Participants with SSc-related active or painful indeterminate DUs were recruited in a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, proof-of-concept trial. Eligible participants were required to have at least one visible, active ischemic DU or painful indeterminate DU at screening, located at or distal to the proximal interphalangeal joint and that developed or worsened within 8 weeks prior to screening. Participants were randomized 1:1 to placebo or riociguat in individualized doses (maximum of 2.5 mg three times daily) during an 8-week titration period, followed by an 8-week stable dosing period. This was followed by an optional 16-week open-label extension phase for participants with active DU/reoccurrence of DUs within 1 month of the end of the main treatment phase. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline to week 16 in net ulcer burden (NUB), analyzed using ANCOVA. Other endpoints included plasma biomarkers and proportion of participants with treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Seventeen participants (eight placebo, nine riociguat) were randomized at five centers. Six participants in each group transitioned to the open-label extension. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the treatment groups, except participants randomized to placebo were older and had longer disease duration (p < 0.05). At baseline, the mean (SD) NUB was 2.5 (2.0) in the placebo and 2.4 (1.4) in the riociguat. No significant treatment difference was observed in the change from baseline to 16 weeks in NUB (adjusted mean treatment difference - 0.24, 95% CI (- 1.46, 0.99), p = 0.70). Four participants experienced five serious AE (four in riociguat and one in placebo); none was considered related to study medication. Statistically significant elevation of cGMP was observed at 16 weeks in the riociguat group (p = 0.05); no other biomarkers showed significant changes. In the open-label extension, participants in the riociguat-riociguat arm had complete healing of their DUs. CONCLUSION: In participants with SSc-DU, treatment with riociguat did not reduce the number of DU net burden compared with placebo at 16 weeks. Open-label extension suggests that longer duration is needed to promote DU healing, which needs to be confirmed in a new trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02915835 . Registered on September 27, 2016.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 46(12): 1605-1613, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by significant disability because of musculoskeletal involvement. Physical and occupational therapy (PT/OT) have been suggested to improve function. However, the rate of PT/OT use has been shown to be low in SSc. We aimed to identify demographic, medical, and psychological variables associated with PT/OT use in SSc. METHODS: Participants were patients with SSc enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) Cohort. We determined the rate and indication of PT/OT use in the 3 months prior to enrollment. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify variables independently associated with PT/OT use. RESULTS: Of the 1627 patients with SSc included in the analysis, 23% used PT/OT in the preceding 3 months. PT/OT use was independently associated with higher education (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04-1.12), having moderately severe small joint contractures (OR 2.09, 95% CI 1.45-3.03), severe large joint contractures (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.14-4.74), fewer digital ulcerations (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.51-0.95), and higher disability (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.18-2.02) and pain scores (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.06). The highest rate of PT/OT use was reported in France (43%) and the lowest, in the United States (17%). CONCLUSION: Despite the potential of PT/OT interventions to improve function, < 1 in 4 patients with SSc enrolled in a large international cohort used PT/OT services in the last 3 months. Patients who used PT/OT had more severe musculoskeletal manifestations and higher pain and disability.

7.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 4(1): 17-27, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30906878

RESUMO

The Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium (SCTC) represents many of the clinical researchers in the world who are interested in improving the efficiency of clinical trials in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). The SCTC has established 11 working groups (WGs) to develop and validate better ways of measuring and recording multiple aspects of this heterogeneous disease. These include groups working on arthritis, disease damage, disease activity, cardiac disease, juvenile SSc, the gastrointestinal tract, vascular component, calcinosis, scleroderma renal crisis, interstitial lung disease, and skin measurement. Members of the SCTC may join any one or more of these groups. Some of the WGs have only recently started their work, some are nearing completion of their mandated tasks and others are in the midst of their projects. All these projects, which are described in this paper, will help to improve clinical trials and observational studies by improving or developing better, more sensitive ways of measuring various aspects of the disease. As Lord Kelvin stated, "To measure is to know. If you cannot measure it you cannot improve it." The SCTC is dedicated to improving the lives of patients with SSc and it is our hope that the contributions of the WGs will be one important step in this process.

8.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 146-149, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This clinical trial was designed to study the safety and efficacy of blocking IL-1 in skin fibrosis of patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc), and to test the hypothesis that inhibition of IL-1 by rilonacept will downregulate expression of the 2G SSc gene biomarker as a surrogate for the modified Rodnan skin score (MRSS). METHODS: 19 dcSSc patients were randomised 2:1 active treatment:placebo in this double blinded trial. Study patients received weekly treatments with either subcutaneous rilanocept 320 mg loading dose at day 0 and then 160 mg for each of the 5 subsequent weekly doses, or placebo. Skin biopsies were taken to test 2G SSc biomarker gene expression at day 0 before treatment and one week after the final study drug dose, comparing gene expression changes between rilonacept- and placebo-treated patients, as well as the change in gene expression at week 6 compared to baseline in rilonacept-treated patients. Safety assessments extended to 6 weeks after the final dose of study drug or placebo. Other secondary outcome measures included global and IL-1-regulated gene expression, serum biomarkers and the MRSS. RESULTS: Rilonacept compared to placebo-treated patients did not show any treatment-related effect on the 2G SSc biomarker. Rilonacept treatment also failed to alter IL-6 expression in skin, serum IL-6, C-reactive protein, or CCL18, a marker of IL-6 activity in SSc. CONCLUSIONS: In this small trial we did not observe any effect of blocking IL-1 on clinical skin disease or biomarkers of IL-1 activity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/efeitos adversos , Esclerodermia Difusa/sangue , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/imunologia , Dermatopatias/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
9.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(10): 1654-1660, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) studies in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients of European American (EA) ancestry have identified variants in the ATP8B4 gene and enrichment of variants in genes in the extracellular matrix (ECM)-related pathway that increase SSc susceptibility. This study was undertaken to evaluate the association of the ATP8B4 gene and the ECM-related pathway with SSc in a cohort of African American (AA) patients. METHODS: SSc patients of AA ancestry were enrolled from 23 academic centers across the US under the Genome Research in African American Scleroderma Patients consortium. Unrelated AA individuals without serologic evidence of autoimmunity who were enrolled in the Howard University Family Study were used as unaffected controls. Functional variants in genes reported in the 2 WES studies in EA patients with SSc were selected for gene association testing using the optimized sequence kernel association test (SKAT-O) and pathway analysis by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis in 379 patients and 411 controls. RESULTS: Principal components analysis demonstrated that the patients and controls had similar ancestral backgrounds, with roughly equal proportions of mean European admixture. Using SKAT-O, we examined the association of individual genes that were previously reported in EA patients and none remained significant, including ATP8B4 (P = 0.98). However, we confirmed the previously reported association of the ECM-related pathway with enrichment of variants within the COL13A1, COL18A1, COL22A1, COL4A3, COL4A4, COL5A2, PROK1, and SERPINE1 genes (corrected P = 1.95 × 10-4 ). CONCLUSION: In the largest genetic study in AA patients with SSc to date, our findings corroborate the role of functional variants that aggregate in a fibrotic pathway and increase SSc susceptibility.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
10.
Pulm Circ ; 8(2): 2045893218757404, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29468935

RESUMO

Group classification of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is based on pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) on right heart catheterization (RHC). How hemodynamics, particularly PAWP, change over time in systemic sclerosis (SSc)-PH patients is unknown. SSc-PH patients enrolled in the prospective observational PHAROS registry who had > 1 RHC (n = 120) were included in this analysis. Patients were considered to have a "PAWP class change" if they had a PAWP ≤ 15 mmHg on RHC-1 and then a PAWP > 15 on RHC-2 or had a PAWP > 15 on RHC-1 and then PAWP ≤ 15 on RHC-2. There was a median time of 1.4 years between RHC-1 and RHC-2 and 75% of patients had a PH medication added after their initial RHC. PAWP increased significantly (11 ± 5 versus 13 ± 6 mmHg, P = 0.01) between RHC-1 and RHC-2, particularly for patients who were started on PH medications. Overall, 30% of patients who had a repeat RHC experienced a PAWP class change between their initial and follow-up RHC, independent of whether a PH medication was added. Patients initially classified as World Health Organization group 2 PH were most likely to change PAWP class over time. In conclusion, PAWP values commonly change to a significant degree in SSc-PH, which highlights the challenges in using a single time-point PAWP to define clinical classification groups.

11.
Sci Transl Med ; 10(423)2018 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29321259

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem life-threatening fibrosing disorder that lacks effective treatment. The link between the inflammation observed in organs such as the skin and profibrotic mechanisms is not well understood. The plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) is a key cell type mediating Toll-like receptor (TLR)-induced inflammation in autoimmune disease patients, including lupus and skin diseases with interface dermatitis. However, the role of pDCs in fibrosis is less clear. We show that pDCs infiltrate the skin of SSc patients and are chronically activated, leading to secretion of interferon-α (IFN-α) and CXCL4, which are both hallmarks of the disease. We demonstrate that the secretion of CXCL4 is under the control of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase δ and is due to the aberrant presence of TLR8 on pDCs of SSc patients, which is not seen in healthy donors or in lupus pDCs, and that CXCL4 primarily acts by potentiating TLR8- but also TLR9-induced IFN production by pDCs. Depleting pDCs prevented disease in a mouse model of scleroderma and could revert fibrosis in mice with established disease. In contrast, the disease was exacerbated in mice transgenic for TLR8 with recruitment of pDCs to the fibrotic skin, whereas TLR7 only partially contributed to the inflammatory response, indicating that TLR8 is the key RNA-sensing TLR involved in the establishment of fibrosis. We conclude that the pDC is an essential cell type involved in the pathogenesis of SSc and its removal using depleting antibodies or attenuating pDC function could be a novel approach to treat SSc patients.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/patologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Receptor 8 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Bleomicina , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator Plaquetário 4/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Pele/patologia , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/metabolismo
12.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(2): 308-316, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29073351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of treatment with belimumab in patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) treated with background mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). METHODS: In this 52-week, investigator-initiated, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study, 20 patients with dcSSc recently started on MMF were randomized 1:1 to additionally receive belimumab at 10 mg/kg intravenously or placebo. We assessed safety, efficacy, and differential gene expression. RESULTS: In the belimumab group, the median modified Rodnan skin thickness score (MRSS) decreased from 27 (interquartile range [IQR] 26.5, 31) to 18 (IQR 11, 23) (P = 0.039). In the placebo group, the median MRSS decreased from 28 (IQR 22, 28) to 21 (IQR 14, 25) (P = 0.023). The median change in MRSS was -10 (IQR -13, -9) in the belimumab group and -3.0 (IQR -15, -1) in the placebo group (P = 0.411). There were no significant differences between the groups in the number of adverse events (AEs). A significant decrease in expression of B cell signaling and profibrotic genes and pathways was observed in patients with improved MRSS in the belimumab group but not in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: Patients in both treatment groups experienced significant improvements in MRSS. The median difference was greater in the belimumab group but did not achieve statistical significance in this small pilot study. AEs were similar between the groups. Changes in gene expression were consistent with mechanism of action and showed that clinical response to treatment with belimumab is associated with a significant decrease in profibrotic genes and pathways. Additional studies are needed to determine the role of belimumab in the treatment of dcSSc.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Pele/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
13.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 3(3): 249-252, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705970

RESUMO

The episodic nature of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) has led to a reliance on patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments such as the Raynaud's Condition Score (RCS) diary. Little is known about the utilisation in routine clinical practice and health professional attitudes towards existing PRO instruments for assessing SSc-RP. Members of the Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium Vascular Working Group (SCTC-VWG, n=28) were invited to participate in a survey gauging attitudes towards the RCS diary and the perceived need for novel PRO instruments for assessing SSc-RP. Nineteen SCTC-VWG members (68% response rate) from academic units based in North America (n=9), Europe (n=8), South America (n=1) and Australasia (n=1) took part in the survey. There was broad consensus that RCS diary returns could be influenced by factors including seasonal variation in weather, efforts made by patients to avoid or ameliorate attacks of RP, habituation to RP symptoms, evolution of RP symptom characteristics with progressive obliterative microangiopathy, patient coping strategies, respondent burden and placebo effect. There was consensus that limitations of the RCS diary might be a barrier to drug development (79% of respondents agree/strongly agree) and that a novel PRO instrument for assessing SSc-RP should be developed with the input of both clinicians and patients (84% agree/strongly agree). Perceived potential limitations of the RCS diary have been identified along with concerns that such factors might impede drug development programs for SSc-RP. There is support within the systemic sclerosis community for the development of a novel PRO instrument for assessing SSc-RP.

14.
Respirology ; 22(7): 1386-1392, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28500695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune disease commonly associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). When associated with elevated pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is either in-proportion (post-capillary PH) or higher than expected (combined PH) relative to the increased PAWP. METHODS: Patients from the PHAROS registry (a prospective observational cohort of SSc-PH patients) who had mean PAP ≥ 25 and PAWP > 15 on right heart catheterization were stratified based on diastolic pressure gradient (DPG). Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to compare survival and PH-related hospitalization. Baseline factors were compared between patients dying and those who survived using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients were included, of whom 21 (36%) patients were classified as combined PH and 38 (64%) had post-capillary PH. No baseline characteristics were significantly different between the two groups. There were no differences in survival or PH-related hospitalization between the groups. The only baseline factor independently associated with death was lower 6-min walk distance (6MWD) (hazard ratio (HR): 1.33 per 25 m decrease, 95% CI: 1.11-1.59, P = 0.002). PH-specific medications were started during follow-up in significantly more patients in the combined PH group compared with the post-capillary group (86% vs 50%, P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Outcomes were similar between SSc patients with post-capillary PH and combined pre- and post-capillary PH. 6MWD at baseline can predict risk for death in SSc patients with PH and an elevated PAWP. More patients with combined PH were started on PH-specific medications, and the clinical benefit of treating this subgroup specifically in SSc patients needs further exploration.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pressão Propulsora Pulmonar/fisiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
J Rheumatol ; 44(6): 791-794, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28298560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter/intraobserver reliability of the tender and swollen joint counts (TJC, SJC) and the modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) and to assess content validity of the TJC/SJC. METHODS: Ten rheumatologists completed the SJC, TJC, and mRSS on 7 patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) was performed. RESULTS: Interobserver and intraobserver reliability for the TJC was 0.97 and 0.99, for the SJC was 0.24 and 0.71, and for the mRSS was 0.81 and 0.94, respectively. MSUS abnormalities did not correspond with SJC/TJC. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate excellent inter- and intraobserver reliability for the mRSS and TJC in dcSSc. However, the SJC and TJC did not correspond to MSUS.


Assuntos
Articulações/patologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Rheumatol ; 44(5): 631-638, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28298564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Imatinib has been investigated for the treatment of systemic sclerosis (SSc) because of its ability to inhibit the platelet-derived growth factor receptor and transforming growth factor-ß signaling pathways, which have been implicated in SSc pathogenesis. In a 12-month open-label clinical trial assessing the safety and efficacy of imatinib in the treatment of diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), significant improvements in skin thickening were observed. Here, we report our analysis of sera collected during the clinical trial. METHODS: We measured the levels of 46 cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in the sera of individuals with dcSSc using Luminex and ELISA. Autoantigen microarrays were used to measure immunoglobulin G reactivity to 28 autoantigens. Elastic net regularization was used to identify a signature that was predictive of clinical improvement (reduction in the modified Rodnan skin score ≥ 5) during treatment with imatinib. The signature was also tested using sera from a clinical trial of nilotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is structurally related to imatinib, in dcSSc. RESULTS: The elastic net algorithm identified a signature, based on levels of CD40 ligand, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 4 (CXCL4), and anti-PM/Scl-100, that was significantly higher in individuals who experienced clinical improvement than in those who did not (p = 0.0011). The signature was validated using samples from a clinical trial of nilotinib. CONCLUSION: Identification of patients with SSc with the greatest probability of benefit from treatment with imatinib has the potential to guide individualized treatment. Validation of the signature will require testing in randomized, placebo-controlled studies. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00555581 and NCT01166139.


Assuntos
Quimiocinas/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Esclerodermia Difusa/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteômica , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(51): e8980, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390428

RESUMO

Racial differences exist in the severity of systemic sclerosis (SSc). To enhance our knowledge about SSc in African Americans, we established a comprehensive clinical database from the largest multicenter cohort of African American SSc patients assembled to date (the Genome Research in African American Scleroderma Patients (GRASP) cohort).African American SSc patients were enrolled retrospectively and prospectively over a 30-year period (1987-2016), from 18 academic centers throughout the United States. The cross-sectional prevalence of sociodemographic, clinical, and serological features was evaluated. Factors associated with clinically significant manifestations of SSc were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses.The study population included a total of 1009 African American SSc patients, comprised of 84% women. In total, 945 (94%) patients met the 2013 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for SSc, with the remaining 64 (6%) meeting the 1980 ACR or CREST (calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia) criteria. While 43% were actively employed, 33% required disability support. The majority (57%) had the more severe diffuse subtype and a young age at symptom onset (39.1 ±â€Š13.7 years), in marked contrast to that reported in cohorts of predominantly European ancestry. Also, 1 in 10 patients had a severe Medsger cardiac score of 4. Pulmonary fibrosis evident on computed tomography (CT) chest was present in 43% of patients and was significantly associated with anti-topoisomerase I positivity. 38% of patients with CT evidence of pulmonary fibrosis had a severe restrictive ventilator defect, forced vital capacity (FVC) ≤50% predicted. A significant association was noted between longer disease duration and higher odds of pulmonary hypertension, telangiectasia, and calcinosis. The prevalence of potentially fatal scleroderma renal crisis was 7%, 3.5 times higher than the 2% prevalence reported in the European League Against Rheumatism Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) cohort.Our study emphasizes the unique and severe disease burden of SSc in African Americans compared to those of European ancestry.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Afro-Americanos , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 56(1): 87-94, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28028158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with SSc. The submaximal heart and pulmonary evaluation (step test) is a non-invasive, submaximal stress test that could be used to identify SSc patients with PH. Our aims were to determine whether change in end tidal carbon dioxide ([Formula: see text]) from rest to end-exercise, and the minute ventilation to carbon dioxide production ratio ([Formula: see text]), both as measured by the step test, differ between SSc patients with and without PH. We also examined differences in validated self-report questionnaires and potential PH biomarkers between SSc patients with and without PH. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 27 patients with limited or dcSSc who underwent a right heart catheterization within 24 months prior to study entry. The study visit consisted of questionnaire completion; history; physical examination; step test performance; and phlebotomy. [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], self-report data and biomarkers were compared between patients with and without PH. RESULTS: SSc patients with PH had a statistically significantly lower median (interquartile range) [Formula: see text] than SSc patients without PH [-2.1 (-5.1 to 0.7) vs 1.2 (-0.7 to 5.4) mmHg, P = 0.035], and a statistically significantly higher median (interquartile range) [Formula: see text] [53.4 (39-64.1) vs 36.4 (31.9-41.1), P = 0.035]. There were no statistically significant differences in self-report data or biomarkers between groups. CONCLUSION: [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] as measured by the step test are statistically significantly different between SSc patients with and without PH. [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] may be useful screening tools for PH in the SSc population.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Hipertensão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Esclerodermia Difusa/metabolismo , Esclerodermia Limitada/metabolismo , Idoso , Testes Respiratórios , Estudos Transversais , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar , Ventilação Pulmonar , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Esclerodermia Difusa/fisiopatologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/complicações , Esclerodermia Limitada/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 106-113, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27908301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the utility of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) in detecting and monitoring pulmonary hypertension (PH) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: PHAROS is a multicenter prospective cohort of SSc patients at high risk for developing pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-AR-PAH) or with a definitive diagnosis of SSc-PH. We evaluated 1) the sensitivity and specificity of BNP≥64 and NT-proBNP≥210 pg/mL for the detection of SSc-PAH and/ or SSc-PH in the SSc-AR-PAH population; 2) baseline and longitudinal BNP and NT-proBNP levels as predictors of progression to SSc-PAH and/or SSc-PH; 3) baseline BNP≥180, NT-proBNP≥553 pg/mL, and longitudinal changes in BNP and NT-proBNP as predictors of mortality in SSc-PH diagnosed patients. RESULTS: 172 SSc-PH and 157 SSc-AR- PAH patients had natriuretic peptide levels available. Median BNP and NT-proBNP were significantly higher in the SSc-PH versus SSc-AR-PAH group. The sensitivity and specificity for SSc-PAH detection using baseline BNP≥64 pg/mL was 71% and 59%; and for NT-proBNP≥210 pg/mL, 73% and 78%. NT-proBNP showed stronger correlations with haemodynamic indicators of right ventricular dysfunction than BNP. Baseline creatinine, RVSP > 40 mmHg, and FVC%:DLco% ratio ≥1.8 were associated with progression from SSc-AR-PAH to SSc-PH but no association with individual or combined baseline BNP and NT-proBNP levels was observed. Baseline and follow-up BNP or NT-proBNP levels were not predictive of death, however, a composite BNP/NT-proBNP group predicted mortality (HR 3.81 (2.08-6.99), p<.0001). CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP may be more useful than BNP in the detection and monitoring of PAH in SSc patients, but additional studies are necessary.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue
20.
J Clin Invest ; 126(11): 4331-4345, 2016 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27721238

RESUMO

Scleroderma is a group of skin-fibrosing diseases for which there are no effective treatments. A feature of the skin fibrosis typical of scleroderma is atrophy of the dermal white adipose tissue (DWAT). Adipose tissue contains adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADSCs) that have regenerative and reparative functions; however, whether DWAT atrophy in fibrosis is accompanied by ADSC loss is poorly understood, as are the mechanisms that might maintain ADSC survival in fibrotic skin. Here, we have shown that DWAT ADSC numbers were reduced, likely because of cell death, in 2 murine models of scleroderma skin fibrosis. The remaining ADSCs showed a partial dependence on dendritic cells (DCs) for survival. Lymphotoxin ß (LTß) expression in DCs maintained ADSC survival in fibrotic skin by activating an LTß receptor/ß1 integrin (LTßR/ß1 integrin) pathway on ADSCs. Stimulation of LTßR augmented the engraftment of therapeutically injected ADSCs, which was associated with reductions in skin fibrosis and improved skin function. These findings provide insight into the effects of skin fibrosis on DWAT ADSCs, identify a DC-ADSC survival axis in fibrotic skin, and suggest an approach for improving mesenchymal stromal cell therapy in scleroderma and other diseases.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Derme/metabolismo , Esclerodermia Difusa/metabolismo , Gordura Subcutânea/metabolismo , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Derme/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fibrose , Integrina beta1/genética , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Linfotoxina-beta/genética , Linfotoxina-beta/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia , Gordura Subcutânea/patologia
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