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1.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(1): e14734, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389778

RESUMO

We present hybrid reconstruction of distal lateral "through-and-through" nasal defects (skin, cartilage, and mucosa) due to resection of tumor and/or infection. Retrospective descriptive study. The study was performed in multicenter clinics between July 2011 and September 2016. 13 patients with full thickness distal nasal defects secondary to tumor and/or infection were included. Defects included dorsal and/or caudal septum, upper lateral cartilage, or inner/outer nasal valve. Caudal-based turn-in flaps were planned and used to repair inner lining of nasal cavity. Conchal and septal cartilages were used as cartilage grafts. Skin defects were reconstructed with lateral nasal artery perforator flaps. All flaps healed uneventfully, without flap loss. Nasal passage collapse, adhesion, or difficulty in breathing were not seen. No hematoma, infection, and deformity at cartilage graft donor areas was observed. During nasal reconstruction, it is mandatory to consider 3D complex and functional structure of nose. The repair of skin defects may not be enough for functional restoration. We believe that single step reconstruction of full thickness nasal defects through hybrid reconstruction may lead to anticipated successful results.

2.
Surg Innov ; 25(2): 110-114, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327648

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Preoperative planning is an essential prerequisite for the success of plastic surgery. In procedures such as breast reduction, freehand drawings may be associated with a number of challenges during the determination of axes vertical and parallel to the surgical site. Furthermore, many procedures involve subjective maneuvers, such as attempts aimed at positioning both nipples on the same line and transferring nipple-areola complexes in a well-matched manner. Our newly designed instrument, that is, the goniometer (TG), aims to ensure metric measurements appropriate for the axes, and it may also be used in circumstances that require angle measurements. Moreover, it incorporates a canal system to facilitate surgical designing of the area, to which the nipple-areola complex will be transferred. METHOD: From April 2013 to September 2015, TG device was used in superior pedicle breast reduction operation of 96 patients and 50 of them were randomly selected for the purpose of study analyses. An additional randomly selected 50 patients, in whom surgical planning was based on conventional techniques were served as controls. At postoperative 1 year, symmetry analysis was carried out on patient photographs. RESULTS: No partial or total necrosis occurred at the nipple-areola complex, and symmetrical volume and shape could be achieved in all cases. TG device exhibited superiority in all criteria used for postoperative symmetry analyses (P < .05). CONCLUSION: We believe that this device may effectively accelerate the planning process in various types of plastic and aesthetic operations and may help ensure symmetry, especially in reduction mammoplasty and mastopexy.


Assuntos
Mama/cirurgia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Mamoplastia/instrumentação , Mamoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fotografação , Smartphone
3.
J Surg Res ; 209: 70-78, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28032573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To describe a new design for an extended lateral thoracic artery (LTA) perforator flap and investigate its anatomical, dynamic, and potential territories. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess vascular territories, rats were randomized according to LTA perforator flap type into the surgical groups A, hemidorsal island flap; B, entire dorsal island flap; and C, reduced-size dorsal island flap. RESULTS: On postsurgical day 7, the surviving flap areas were 95%, 92%, and 89% in groups A, B, and C, respectively. Necrosis most commonly occurred in the contralateral LTA territories in groups B and C. The immunoreactivities of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 in dynamic territories, as choke vessel markers, were increased. CONCLUSIONS: We clarified the LTA perforator flap nomenclature and defined its pedicle course and anastomosing patterns; furthermore, we demonstrated that the LTA perforator did not anastomose with its counterpart because of its unidirectional, oblique, and craniocaudal course. The LTA perforator flap was found to be a good model comprising multiple vascular territories and exhibiting continuous necrosis.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Artérias Torácicas , Angiografia , Animais , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
J Surg Res ; 206(1): 126-132, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27916351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chimeric osteomyocutaneous flaps harvested from the subscapular artery system have been used in clinical practice. We describe the use of a novel circumflex scapular artery myocutaneous and/or vascularized scapular chimeric flap in a rat model and demonstrate optimal skin flap dimensions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 8 × 4-cm-rectangular skin flap based on the circumflex scapular artery flap was harvested, and the mean percentage of the surviving flap area and the necrotic area were calculated to be 71% ± 17.9% and 29% ± 17.9%, respectively. Using flap dimensions determined in the first part of our study, a 4 × 3-cm quadrangular portion of skin was marked over the scapula, and the serratus anterior muscle and a portion of the scapular bone were included in our chimeric flap model. RESULTS: The mean percentages of the surviving flap and necrotic areas were 74% ± 6% and 25% ± 6%, respectively. Microangiographic and histologic studies revealed the vascularity of the skin island and identified the branches of the circumflex scapular artery that supplied the bone and muscle. CONCLUSIONS: The circumflex scapular artery myocutaneous and/or vascularized partial scapular chimeric flap may be considered a branch-based chimeric flap and can be an acceptable flap model due to its simplicity, reliability, and consistent vascularity. Furthermore, this flap may have potential applications in studying chimeric flap hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Retalho Miocutâneo/irrigação sanguínea , Retalho Miocutâneo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Escápula/irrigação sanguínea , Escápula/cirurgia , Animais , Artérias/cirurgia , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Retalho Miocutâneo/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Escápula/patologia
5.
Wounds ; 28(9): 328-333, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27701128

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Irregularly shaped wounds or flap borders usually require specified software or devices to measure their area and follow-up wound healing. In this study, an easy way of area measurement called histogram planimetry (HP) for wounds with irregular geometric shapes is defined and compared to conventional millimetric wound measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten irregularly bordered geometric shapes were measured by 4 different individuals working as surgical assistants using both HP and manual millimetric measurement tools. The amount of time for each wound shape calculation as well as the measurements of the wound areas were noted. All measurements were compared for each method and between each individual using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between 2 measurement methods by means of measured areas; however, measurement time was significantly lower when the HP method was used. There also was no significant difference between the individuals' measurements and calculation times. These results indicated that HP is useful as a conventional millimetric square wound measurement technique with significantly lower measurement times. CONCLUSION: Due to the development of photo-editor software technologies, measurements in the surgical field have become more accurate and rapid than conventional manual methods without consuming the time and energy needed for other studies. A future study including comparisons between the presented method and complex computerized measurement methods, in terms of duration and accuracy, may provide additional supportive data for the authors' method.


Assuntos
Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Fotografação , Software , Ferimentos e Lesões/patologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Fotografação/economia , Fotografação/instrumentação , Fotografação/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Software/economia , Cicatrização , Ferimentos e Lesões/classificação
6.
Microsurgery ; 36(7): 598-603, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27735080

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this report we present two cases of gunshot injury related midfoot defects, reconstructed with a chimeric partial scapula and latissimus dorsi muscle flap and short perforator-based skin flap. The first case, a 14 years old male, had 10 × 8 cm medial plantar and 6 × 4 cm dorsal foot defects and the second case, a 55 years old female, had only 8 × 6 cm dorsal foot defect. In both cases the defects were associated with fractures, one with lateral cuneiform and cuboid with 90% bone loss and the other with navicular bone, respectively. After 6 months, the patients could walk well without support, and radiographs confirmed bony union. A chimeric partial scapula and latissimus dorsi muscle flap and short perforator-based skin flap may be used for the reconstruction of combined bony and soft tissue defects of the midfoot and to promote bone healing. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 36:598-603, 2016.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Escápula/transplante , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso/transplante , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Feminino , Ossos do Pé/lesões , Ossos do Pé/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Facial Plast Surg ; 32(4): 431-7, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27494588

RESUMO

Local skin flaps are important tools for performing plastic surgery. Skin flaps are used for closure of defects after tumor excision or in tissue losses after trauma. However, problems associated with these flaps are commonly encountered, particularly in areas of marginal necrosis. Bosentan is a vasodilator that exerts its effect through endothelin receptor blockade, and has been shown to prevent ischemic tissue damage. However, no reports have addressed the effect of bosentan on skin flaps. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of bosentan, which may be applied clinically to promote survival of ischemic skin flaps. A modified McFarlane flap was elevated in the dorsum of 20 Albino Wistar rats with a width-to-length ratio of 3 to 10 cm, respectively, with the caudal base. Perioperatively, 0.9% of physiologic NaCl and injectable distilled water of identical volume were injected into rats in Group 1 (n = 10), and 5 mg/kg bosentan was injected intraperitoneally into rats in Group 2 (n = 10). All of the rats were followed up for 7 days postoperatively. The surviving parts of the flaps were measured at the end of day 7. Acute and chronic inflammation, amount of granulation tissue, fibroblast maturation, amount of collagen, and amounts of reepithelialization and neovascularization present in the ischemic zones of the distal parts of the flaps were evaluated histopathologically, and results were compared statistically. The mean flap survivals were 61.1% in Group 1 and 91.1% in Group 2; the percentage of the surviving flap area in Group 2 was higher than that in Group 1 (p < 0.005). In both groups, there was significantly less acute inflammation in the ischemic zones in Group 2 than in Group 1 (p < 0.005). No significant difference was found in the amounts of chronic inflammation and granulation tissue between the two groups (p > 0.005). Fibroblast maturation, amount of collagen, and amounts of reepithelialization and neovascularization investigated in Group 2 were statistically significantly higher than those in Group 1 (p < 0.005). We believe that bosentan may be used prophylactically to increase survival in risky skin flaps because it decreases ischemic necrosis distal to skin flaps, thus exerting favorable effects on flap survival.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/farmacologia , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Animais , Bosentana , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/patologia , Isquemia/patologia , Masculino , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reepitelização/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
8.
Int Braz J Urol ; 42(1): 113-7, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27136476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circumcision is performed as a routine operation in many countries, more commonly for religious and cultural reasons than for indicated conditions, such as phimosis and balanitis. There are many techniques available, and recently electrocautery and both Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers, instead of blades, have been used for skin and mucosal incisions. However, the infection risk in circumcisions performed using a CO2 laser was 10% higher. There are also reports of sutureless procedures using cyanoacrylate, but these have higher risks of hematoma and hemorrhage. We combined a CO2 laser and cyanoacrylate to shorten the operation time and to decrease bleeding complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Circumcisions were performed under general anesthesia with CO2 laser and cyanoacrylate combination in 75 6-9-year-old boys between May 2013 and August 2014 only for religious reasons. As a control, we compared them retrospectively with 75 age-matched patients who were circumcised using the conventional guillotine method in our clinic. RESULTS: No hematomas, bleeding, or wound infections were observed. One wound dehiscence (1.33%) occurred during the early postoperative period and healed without any additional procedures. The median operating time was 7 (range 6-9) minutes. The conventional guillotine group comprised one hematoma (1.3%), two wound dehiscences (2.6%), and two hemorrhages (2.6%), and the median operating time was 22 (range 20-26) minutes. The difference in surgical time was significant (p<0.001), with no significant difference in the rate of complications between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The combined CO2 laser and cyanoacrylate procedure not only decreased the operating time markedly, but also eliminated the disadvantages associated with each individual procedure alone.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Masculina/métodos , Cianoacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Adesivos Teciduais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Circuncisão Masculina/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Técnicas de Sutura , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; 50(4): 233-8, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27072670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ischaemic preconditioning and postconditioning, which consist of one or a series of short ischaemic events. This study aimed to determine the efficiency of post-conditioning a flap in the minimisation of flap loss after a preconditioned skin flap. METHODS: The rats were divided into five groups: sham group, control group, pre-con group, post-con group, and pre + post-con group. On postoperative days 3 and 7, the entire flaps along with the margins of necrosis were traced onto transparent sheets. The areas of intact skin and tissue were recorded. RESULTS: The flap necrosis area and percentage of necrosis were calculated for each animal. The necrotic area percentage of the control group was found to be significantly higher than those of the other groups on Days 3 and 7 (p = 0.01 and p = 0.03, respectively). The necrotic area percentage of the pre-con group was significantly higher than the pre + post-con group on Day 7 (p = 0.01). VEGFR-3 expression was observed at a rate of more than 50% in the post-con group. The presence of a protective effect in the late period was separately investigated by immunohistochemical staining of VEGFR-3 in the proliferating vessels. The necrotic areas was reduced in the flaps of the pre-con, post-con, and pre + post-con groups and the combined preconditioning and postconditioning group has reduced necrotic area compared to preconditioning of the skin flap. CONCLUSION: The protective effect was observed on day 7 for combined ischaemic preconditioning and postconditioning. The presence of a protective effect in the late period was separately investigated by immunohistochemical staining of VEGFR-3 in the proliferating vessels.


Assuntos
Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico , Precondicionamento Isquêmico , Pele/patologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Animais , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Necrose/prevenção & controle , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Pele/irrigação sanguínea , Pele/metabolismo , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
10.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; 50(5): 291-7, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27109505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to assess the effects of ozone gas on the viability of flaps for reconstruction and to determine the optimum application method. The antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and reperfusion effects of ozone gas have been previously assessed, and successful results have been reported. However, only one study has investigated the effect of ozone gas on flap viability. In the present study, it was hypothesised that the antioxidant and reperfusion effects of ozone gas would enhance flap viability. METHODS: Forty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups of 10 rats each. A cranial-based, 3 × 11 cm modified McFarlane flap including the panniculus carnosus was raised from the dorsum of a rat and re-sutured to its own bed using 3/0 sharp propylene. Group 1 (n = 10): no pharmacological agent was used after the operation. Group 2 (n = 10): vegetable (olive) oil group; vegetable-oil-impregnated gauze was used as a dressing for 7 days. Group 3 (n = 10): Vegetable (olive) oil with ozone peroxide group; vegetable oil with ozone peroxide-impregnated gauze was used as a dressing for 7 days. Group 4 (n = 10): Hemo-ozone therapy group; hemo-ozone therapy was applied rectally once every day for 7 days. All rats were sacrificed at the end of week 1 and assessed macroscopically and histopathologically. RESULTS: The proportion of substantive necrosis was less in group 4 than in the other three groups. Survival area ratios were better in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1; however, there was no significant difference between groups 2 and 3. No significant differences in the histopathological scores were observed among the groups. CONCLUSION: Ozone gas enhanced flap viability. No differences in flap viability were observed between the vegetable oil and vegetable oil with ozone peroxide groups. The greatest benefit ratios were found in the hemo-ozone therapy group.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bandagens , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Ozônio/farmacologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Animais , Feminino , Ratos Wistar
11.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 54(6): 664-8, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27090026

RESUMO

The orbital floor is the thinnest part of the orbital wall, and in 20% of all maxillofacial injuries it is fractured. Autografts, allografts, and alloplastic materials are used in reconstruction, but there is no consensus about which material is the most appropriate. Nail is a semirigid material that is easy to reshape and is not antigenic. Alloplastic materials, which are used in reconstructions of the orbital floor, have various complications and are expensive. Autografts have donor-site problems, high rates of resorption, and take a long time to do. We created bilateral 10mm defects in the orbital floors in 18 New Zealand rabbits. We reconstructed the left orbital floors with double-ground human nail while the right orbital floors were left open as controls. The orbital floors were examined macroscopically and microscopically at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postoperatively, and there were no macroscopic signs of infection, inflammation, or extrusion. Forced duction tests showed that it was possible to induce movement of the eyeball for all 18 of the reconstructed sides throughout the observation period, and in 14 of the 18 rabbits on the control sides. Positive forced duction test shows us that orbital muscles are trapped in orbital floor defect and due to this movement of eyeball is restricted. Acute and chronic inflammation, fibrosis, vascularisation, and the presence of foreign body giant cells were evaluated microscopically. Acute inflammation and the presence of foreign body giant cells were recorded as mild, whereas fibrosis, chronic inflammation, and vascularisation were severe, as were epithelialisation on the maxillary sinus side of the nails, calcification, and progression of collagen. We found no signs of resorption of the nails.


Assuntos
Fraturas Orbitárias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante Autólogo , Animais , Humanos , Traumatismos Maxilofaciais , Unhas/transplante , Órbita , Coelhos
12.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 5: 49-51, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26862395

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In parallel with technological improvements, humankind encounter with equipments/devices transforming chemical energy to electrical energy. Especially automobile batteries, watch and mobile phone batteries are the most encountered ones. In the literature, there are mainly facial burn cases due to mobile phone battery explosion. On the other hand very few examples of serious lower limb. injury is present. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 12-year-old female patient referred to emergency room with skin and soft tissue injuries on bilateral anteromedial thigh area as a result of battery explosion. The widest axis of skin defect was approximately 16 × 8 cm on the right side, and 17 × 4 cm on the left side. In addition, there were tattooing caused by chemical injury and multiple pin-point like lesions extending to dermal level on anterior region of thigh. Chemically dirty and necrotized dermal and subdermal tissues were debrided and foreign materials were removed from regions with multiple tattooing. Left thigh was closed primarily. In order to close the defect on right anterior thigh, skin flap from right medial thigh is advanced in Y-V fashion. DISCUSSION: Battery explosion causing lower extremity tissue defect is a type of injury that is rarely seen in the literature. Regardless of battery size and energy level, they should be considered as potential explosive material and protector masks, clothing should be worn during contact with this type of material.

13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(1): 113-117, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-777318

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background Circumcision is performed as a routine operation in many countries, more commonly for religious and cultural reasons than for indicated conditions, such as phimosis and balanitis. There are many techniques available, and recently electrocautery and both Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers, instead of blades, have been used for skin and mucosal incisions. However, the infection risk in circumcisions performed using a CO2 laser was 10% higher. There are also reports of sutureless procedures using cyanoacrylate, but these have higher risks of hematoma and hemorrhage. We combined a CO2 laser and cyanoacrylate to shorten the operation time and to decrease bleeding complications. Materials and Methods : Circumcisions were performed under general anesthesia with CO2 laser and cyanoacrylate combination in 75 6–9-year-old boys between May 2013 and August 2014 only for religious reasons. As a control, we compared them retrospectively with 75 age-matched patients who were circumcised using the conventional guillotine method in our clinic. Results No hematomas, bleeding, or wound infections were observed. One wound dehiscence (1.33%) occurred during the early postoperative period and healed without any additional procedures. The median operating time was 7 (range 6–9) minutes. The conventional guillotine group comprised one hematoma (1.3%), two wound dehiscences (2.6%), and two hemorrhages (2.6%), and the median operating time was 22 (range 20–26) minutes. The difference in surgical time was significant (p<0.001), with no significant difference in the rate of complications between the two groups. Conclusion The combined CO2 laser and cyanoacrylate procedure not only decreased the operating time markedly, but also eliminated the disadvantages associated with each individual procedure alone.

14.
Burns ; 42(2): 243-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26777447

RESUMO

The Z-plasty is used frequently in hand surgery to release post-burn scar contractures. Correct angles and equalization of each limb are the most important parts of the Z-plasty technique. A simple ruler is enough for equalization of limb but a goniometer is needed for accuracy and equalization of angles. Classically, angles of 30°, 45°, 60°, 75°, and 90° are used. These angles are important when elongating a contracture line or decreasing tension. Our method uses only trigonometry coefficients and a simple ruler, which is easily obtained and sterilized, enabling surgeons to perform all types of Z-plasty perfectly without measuring angles using a goniometer.


Assuntos
Artrometria Articular/métodos , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Contratura/cirurgia , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Queimaduras/complicações , Cicatriz/etiologia , Contratura/etiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/complicações , Humanos
15.
Dermatol Surg ; 41(9): 1024-9, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26317808

RESUMO

Skin grafts are a standard option for closing skin defects that cannot be closed primarily. A split -thickness skin graft entirely transfers the epidermis and a part of the dermal layer to the wound site. Using conventional techniques, the skin graft is fixed to the wound using sutures and kept closed for 3 to 7 days with a pressed bolster dressing. Continued care includes applying routine graft dressings after the bolster dressing has been removed. The use of fibrin glue and cyanoacrylate derivatives-which shortens the duration of surgery and improves graft fixation to the recipient bed-has become widespread. However, applying fibrin glue during skin graft surgery is limited because there are considerable disadvantages in terms of preparation and cost. Many studies have been conducted on the use of cyanoacrylate derivatives during skin grafting; however, few reports have investigated the effects of cyanoacrylate derivatives on skin graft survival and related histopathologic changes.In this study, the authors used n-butyl cyanoacrylate to prepare split-thickness skin grafts that were subsequently applied to Wistar albino rats, and the authors evaluated the results both histopathologically and macroscopically. The authors also statistically analyzed the effects of graft fixation according to surgical duration. The findings of authors suggest that n-butyl cyanoacrylate can be safely applied during split-thickness skin graft surgery because it significantly reduces surgical duration, demonstrates substantial advantages in terms of graft fixation and monitoring, and, most importantly, demonstrates no notable disadvantages in comparison with conventional methods.


Assuntos
Embucrilato/farmacologia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
16.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 39(4): 644-5, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26044394

RESUMO

Skin tags (acrochordon) are skin colored or hyperpigmented, usually pedunculated benign skin lesions and often occur on the neck, axilla, and groin regions. It is difficult choice to excise these multiple, widespread, and pedinculated lesions with or without local anesthesia. One option is to infiltrate local anesthesia to every single skin tag, while cutting pedicle with single move is another option. However, both of these options are painful to some degree. We routinely use ethyl chloride spray anesthesia for skin tag excision with micro-scissor and micro-forceps. We received positive feedback from patients, who underwent skin tag excision before with conventional techniques. They declare that ethyl chloride procedure is more comfortable and painless.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Cloreto de Etil/uso terapêutico , Dermatopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
17.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 43(6): 796-802, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25943968

RESUMO

In rhinoplasties, a spreader flap is a widely used alternative to dorsal reconstruction with spreader grafts; however, it has a limited ability to provide sufficient nasal dorsal width. The upper lateral cartilage (ULC) thickness is four times thinner than a spreader graft. This report presents an accordion suture technique for the ULC that involves simple sutures which fix each ULC (3 times folded) to the septum. We performed this technique in 64 primary rhinoplasties, and the patients were followed up for approximately 18 months. The patients completed a questionnaire 12 months postoperatively, and reported marked satisfaction with the aesthetics and function. Furthermore, rhinomanometric analysis showed that nasal airway resistance (NAR) decreased significantly in the postoperative period.


Assuntos
Rinoplastia/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/classificação , Adulto , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/fisiologia , Estética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Osso Nasal/cirurgia , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Mucosa Nasal/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Nariz/fisiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Rinomanometria/métodos , Rinoplastia/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 12: 60-2, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26022341

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Various injuries are associated with winter sports, of which the most frequently encountered are traumas to the extremities. Sledding on hills using plastic-based materials appears to be one of the major forms of entertainment for children living in cities during winter. However, this can lead to injury because such areas are inappropriate for winter sports. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We herein document a case of a 32-year-old male who presented to the emergency department following severe injury to the sacral region, caused by contact with a metal object while sledding with plastic bags. Patient had sacral defect including coccyx and sacral vertebrae and soft tissue. Primary closure, vacuum assisted closure and reconstruction with de-epithelized skin flap techniques were performed in 35 days period after injury. DISCUSSION: Winter sports are associated with a wide variety of injuries, but tissue defects are rare. Seroma formation due to dead spaces can occur in traumas causing bony and soft tissue loss in sacral region as seen in our case. In order overcome this problem primary closure can be delayed or defect can be filled with a bulky flaps. CONCLUSION: This case represents the first report of this particular combination of injury and treatment.

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