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1.
Joint Bone Spine ; : 105162, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and significance of dermatological disorders in primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). METHODS: We used 2 pSS French cohorts (ASSESS, in which prevalence of skin disorders in 395 patients was evaluated; and diapSS, in which 76 on 139 pSS patients had an examination by a dermatologist) and baseline data of the TEARS randomized trial (110 patients with recent or active pSS treated with rituximab or placebo and evaluated for skin dryness using a visual analogue scale (VAS) out of 100). RESULTS: Skin manifestations included in the EULAR Sjögren syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI) were rare in the ASSESS cohort (n=16/395, 4.1%, mainly purpuras; only 3 had high activity), but they were associated with activity in the other ESSDAI domains (peripheral neurological (p<0.001), muscular (p<0.01), haematological (p<0.05), biological (p<0.05), history of arthritis (p<0.01), splenomegaly (p<0.05) and higher gamma globulin levels (p<0.01)). In the diapSS cohort, compared to pSS patients not receiving a dermatological consultation, the pSS patients who had a dermatological consultation had significantly more dermatological involvement outside the ESSDAI score [38.2% (29/76) versus 15.9% (10/63); p<0.01]. The TEARS study showed a high prevalence of cutaneous dryness (VAS>50; 48.2%) and found that patients with dry skin had higher VAS pain (p<0.01) and drought (p<0.01) scores. CONCLUSION: ESSDAI skin activity is rare and associated with hypergammaglobulinemia and ESSDAI activity. Systematic dermatological examination is informative for non-specific lesions. The most common skin disorder is skin dryness, which is associated with a higher pain and overall subjective dryness.

2.
Drugs Aging ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619703

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) is a systemic autoimmune disease most commonly diagnosed in middle-aged women. Although the disease can occur at all ages, it is diagnosed between 30 and 60 years of age in two-thirds of patients. In more than 20% of cases, the people are older than 65 years. In this review, we focus on the therapeutic management of primary SjS in older patients, following the recently published 2020 European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of the disease with topical and systemic therapies. These recommendations are applicable to all patients with primary SjS regardless of age at diagnosis, although the therapeutic management in older patients requires additional considerations. Older patients are more likely to have pulmonary, liver, kidney, or heart-related comorbidities (even cognitive disturbances); caution is required when most drugs are used, including muscarinic agents, systemic corticosteroids and synthetic immunosuppressants. It is also important to monitor the use of eye drops containing steroids due to the increased risk of developing cataracts, a frequent ocular complication in the older population. In contrast, the majority of drugs that can be used topically (pilocarpine rinses, eye drops containing topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or cyclosporine A, topical dermal formulations of NSAIDs) have shown an acceptable safety profile in older patients, as well as rituximab. A rigorous evaluation of the medical history of older patients is essential when drugs included in the EULAR guidelines are prescribed, with special attention to factors frequently related to ageing, such as polypharmacy, the existence of organ-specific comorbidities, or the enhanced susceptibility to infections.

4.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(1): 36-42, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To screen for concomitant autoimmune disease in patients with systemic sclerosis (overlap SSc) and to describe their clinical characteristics and prognosis. METHODS: This was a two-center retrospective observational study. Patients diagnosed with SSc according to the 2013 ACR-EULAR scleroderma classification criteria were screened for concomitant rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjögren syndrome (SgS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Patient characteristics were retrieved from the medical records and were compared to those of a non-overlap SSc cohort. RESULTS: Among the 534 SSc patients studied, thirty-four (6.4%) were identified as having overlap SSc. There were 21 (3.9%) patients with RA, 14 (2.6%) with SgS and 4 (0.7%) with SLE (5 patients had 2 AISD) . The disease phenotype of overlap SSc was similar to that of non-overlap SSc in terms of cutaneous phenotype, prevalence of pulmonary arterial hypertension, interstitial lung disease, digital ulcers and mortality. Using a multivariate Cox model, age (HR = 1.04, 95% CI [1.02-1.07]), the modified Rodnan skin score (HR = 1.08 per point, 95% CI [1.05-1.11]), and the presence of concomitant SgS (HR = 3.79, 95% CI [1.38-10.40]) were significantly associated with mortality. Overlap SSc were more likely to receive corticosteroids (85.3% vs. 45%, p < 0.001), immunosuppressive drugs (82.4% vs. 49.2%, p < 0.001) and biologics (52.9% vs. 3.8%, p < ZZ0.001). CONCLUSIONS: While overlap and non-overlap SSc shared common characteristics, patients with SgS/SSc had a higher risk of mortality, and those with RA/SSc received more corticosteroids, methotrexate and biologics. Screening for an associated AISD should be promoted since their co-occurrence with SSc may affect prognosis and treatments.

5.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-21, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy and safety of filgotinib in Japanese RA patients who have failed or were intolerant to one or more biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARD) from the global FINCH 2 study (NCT02873936). METHODS: This subgroup analysis was performed using the predefined statistical analyses. The FINCH 2 study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 3 study in adult RA patients with inadequate response to bDMARDs. The randomized patients were treated with once-daily filgotinib 200 mg, filgotinib 100 mg or placebo on a background of csDMARDs for 24 weeks. RESULTS: Of 449 patients enrolled in the overall population, 40 patients were enrolled from Japan. In the Japanese population, the American College of Rheumatology 20% response rates at week 12 (primary endpoint) were 83.3% and 53.3% for filgotinib, 200 mg and 100 mg, respectively, vs 30.8% for placebo. Filgotinib was well tolerated, similar to the overall population. CONCLUSIONS: Both doses of once-daily filgotinib 200 mg and filgotinib 100 mg were effective, and generally well-tolerated in Japanese patients with active refractory RA.

6.
Eur J Intern Med ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have high risk of heart failure (HF). AIMS: Identifying the risk factors and mechanistic pathways associated with HF in patients with RA. METHODS: Cohort study enrolling 355 RA patients. HF was defined according to the ESC criteria. 93 circulating protein-biomarkers (91CVDIIOlink®+troponin-T+c-reactive protein) were measured. Regression modeling (multivariate and multivariable) were built and network analyses were performed - based on the identified relevant protein biomarkers. RESULTS: 115 (32.4%) patients fulfilled the ESC criteria for HF, but only 24 (6.8%) had a prior HF diagnosis. Patients with HF were older (67 vs. 55yr), had a longer RA duration (10 vs. 14yr), had more frequently diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, atrial fibrillation, and ischemic arterial disease. Several protein-biomarkers remained independently associated with HF, the top (FDR1%) were adrenomedullin, placenta-growth-factor, TNF-receptor-11A, and angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2. The networks underlying the expression of these biomarkers pointed towards congestion, apoptosis, inflammation, immune system signaling and RAAS activation as central determinants of HF in RA. Similar HF-associated biomarker-pathways were externally found in patients without RA. Having RA plus HF increased the risk of cardiovascular events compared to RA patients without RF; adjusted-HR (95%CI)=2.37 (1.07-5.30), p=0.034 CONCLUSION: Age, cardiovascular risk factors, and RA duration increase the HF odds in patients with RA. Few RA patients had a correct prior HF diagnosis, but the presence of HF increased the patients` risk. RA patients with HF largely share the mechanistic pathways of HF patients without RA. Randomized HF trials should include patients with RA. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV ID: NCT03960515.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy and safety of abatacept in adults with active primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) in a phase III, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Eligible patients (moderate-to-severe pSS [2016 ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria], EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index [ESSDAI] ≥5, anti-SS-related antigen A/anti-Ro antibody positive) received weekly subcutaneous abatacept 125 mg or placebo for 169 days followed by an open-label extension to day 365. Primary endpoint was mean change from baseline in ESSDAI at day 169. Key secondary endpoints were mean change from baseline in EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI) and stimulated whole salivary flow (SWSF) at day 169. Other secondary clinical endpoints included glandular functions and patient-reported outcomes. Selected biomarkers and immune cell phenotypes were examined. Safety was monitored. RESULTS: Of 187 patients randomised, 168 completed double-blind period and 165 continued into open-label period. Mean (SD) baseline ESSDAI and ESSPRI total scores were 9.4 (4.3) and 6.5 (2.0), respectively. Statistical significance was not reached for primary (ESSDAI -3.2 abatacept vs -3.7 placebo, p=0.442) or key secondary endpoints (ESSPRI, p=0.337; SWSF, p=0.584). No clinical benefit of abatacept over placebo at day 169 was seen with other clinical and PRO endpoints. Relative to baseline, abatacept was associated with significant differences vs placebo in some disease-relevant biomarkers (including IgG, IgA, IgM-rheumatoid factor) and pathogenic cell subpopulations (post hoc analyses). No new safety signals were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Abatacept treatment did not result in significant clinical efficacy compared with placebo in patients with moderate-to-severe pSS, despite evidence of biological activity.

8.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: No immunomodulatory drug has been approved for primary Sjögren's syndrome, a systemic autoimmune disease affecting 0.1% of the population. To demonstrate the efficacy of targeting interleukin 6 receptor in patients with Sjögren's syndrome-related systemic complications. METHODS: Multicentre double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial between 24 July 2013 and 16 July 2018, with a follow-up of 44 weeks, involving 17 referral centres. Inclusion criteria were primary Sjögren's syndrome according to American European Consensus Group criteria and score ≥5 for the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease activity Index (ESSDAI, score of systemic complications). Patients were randomised to receive either 6 monthly infusions of tocilizumab or placebo. The primary endpoint was response to treatment at week 24. Response to treatment was defined by the combination of (1) a decrease of at least 3 points in the ESSDAI, (2) no occurrence of moderate or severe activity in any new domain of the ESSDAI and (3) lack of worsening in physician's global assessment on a Visual Numeric Scale ≥1/10, all as compared with enrolment. RESULTS: 110 patients were randomised, 55 patients to tocilizumab (mean (SD) age: 50.9 (12.4) years; women: 98.2%) and 55 patients to placebo (54.8 (10.7) years; 90.9%). At 24 weeks, the proportion of patients meeting the primary endpoint was 52.7% (29/55) in the tocilizumab group and 63.6% (35/55) in the placebo group, for a difference of -11.4% (95% credible interval -30.6 to 9.0) (Pr[Toc >Pla]=0.14). CONCLUSION: Among patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome, the use of tocilizumab did not improve systemic involvement and symptoms over 24 weeks of treatment compared with placebo. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01782235.

9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 85-94, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the systemic phenotype associated with the presence of isolated anti-La/SSB antibodies in a large international registry of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) fulfilling the 2002 classification criteria. METHODS: The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry created in 2014. Baseline clinical information from leading centres on clinical research in SS of the 5 continents was collected. Combination patterns of anti-Ro/SSA-La/SSB antibodies at the time of diagnosis defined the following four immunological phenotypes: double positive (combined Ro/SSA and La/SSB,) isolated anti-Ro/SSA, isolated anti-La/SSB, and immunonegative. RESULTS: The cohort included 12,084 patients (11,293 females, mean 52.4 years) with recorded ESSDAI scores available. Among them, 279 (2.3%) had isolated anti-La/SSB antibodies. The mean total ESSDAI score at diagnosis of patients with pSS carrying isolated anti-La/SSB was 6.0, and 80.4% of patients had systemic activity (global ESSDAI score ≥1) at diagnosis. The domains with the highest frequency of active patients were the biological (42.8%), glandular (36.8%) and articular (31.2%) domains. Patients with isolated anti-La/SSB showed a higher frequency of active patients in all ESSDAI domains but two (articular and peripheral nerve) in comparison with immune-negative patients, and even a higher absolute frequency in six clinical ESSDAI domains in comparison with patients with isolated anti-Ro/SSA. In addition, patients with isolated anti-La/SSB showed a higher frequency of active patients in two ESSDAI domains (pulmonary and glandular) with respect to the most active immunological subset (double-positive antibodies). Meanwhile, systemic activity detected in patients with isolated anti-La/SSB was overwhelmingly low. Even in ESSDAI domains where patients with isolated anti-La/SSB had the highest frequencies of systemic activity (lymphadenopathy and muscular), the percentage of patients with moderate or high activity was lower in comparison with the combined Ro/SSA and La/SSB group. CONCLUSIONS: Patients carrying isolated La/SSB antibodies represent a very small subset of patients with a systemic SS phenotype characterised by a significant frequency of active patients in most clinical ESSDAI domains but with a relative low frequency of the highest severe organ-specific involvements. Primary SS still remains the best clinical diagnosis for this subset of patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sjogren , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Fenótipo , Sistema de Registros , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico
10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 218, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943098

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term efficacy of tocilizumab in treatment-naive patients with Takayasu arteritis (TAK). METHODS: Prospective open-labeled trial in naïve patients with TAK who received steroids at the dose of 0.7 mg/kg/day and 7 infusions of 8 mg/kg/month of tocilizumab. The primary endpoint was the number of patients who discontinued steroids after 7 infusions of tocilizumab. Secondary endpoints included disease activity and the number of relapses during 18-month follow-up. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with TAK were included, with a median age of 32 years [19-45] and 12 (92%) females. Six (54%) patients met the primary end-point. A significant decrease of disease activity was observed after 6 months of tocilizumab therapy: decrease of median NIH scale (3 [3, 4] at baseline, versus 1 [0-2] after 6 months; p < 0.001), ITAS-2010 score (5 [2-7] versus 3 [0-8]; p = 0.002), and ITAS-A score (7 [4-10] versus 4 [1-15]; p = 0.0001)]. During the 12-month follow-up after tocilizumab discontinuation, a relapse occurred among 5 patients (45%) out of 11 in which achieved remission after 6 months of tocilizumab. CONCLUSION: Tocilizumab seems an effective steroid sparing therapy in TAK, but maintenance therapy is necessary. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02101333 . Registered on 02 April 2014.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This phase 2 proof-of-concept study (NCT02610543) assessed efficacy, safety and effects on salivary gland inflammation of seletalisib, a potent and selective PI3Kδ inhibitor, in patients with moderate-to-severe primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS). METHODS: Adults with PSS were randomized 1:1 to seletalisib 45 mg/day or placebo, in addition to current PSS therapy. Primary end points were safety and tolerability and change from baseline in EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) score at week 12. Secondary end points included change from baseline at week 12 in EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI) score and histological features in salivary gland biopsies. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were randomized (seletalisib n = 13, placebo n = 14); 20 completed the study. Enrolment challenges led to early study termination with loss of statistical power (36% vs 80% planned). Nonetheless, a trend for improvement in ESSDAI and ESSPRI [difference vs placebo: -2.59 (95% CI: -7.30, 2.11; P=0.266) and -1.55 (95% CI: -3.39, 0.28), respectively] was observed at week 12. No significant changes were seen in saliva and tear flow. Serious adverse events (AEs) were reported in 3/13 of patients receiving seletalisib vs 1/14 for placebo and 5/13 vs 1/14 discontinued due to AEs, respectively. Serum IgM and IgG concentrations decreased in the seletalisib group vs placebo. Seletalisib demonstrated efficacy in reducing size and organisation of salivary gland inflammatory foci and in target engagement, thus reducing PI3K-mTOR signalling compared with placebo. CONCLUSION: Despite enrolment challenges, seletalisib demonstrated a trend towards clinical improvement in patients with PSS. Histological analyses demonstrated encouraging effects of seletalisib on salivary gland inflammation and organisation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02610543.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: RF and ACPA are used as diagnostic tools and their presence has been associated with clinical response to some biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) in RA. This study compared the impact of seropositivity on drug discontinuation and effectiveness of bDMARDs in patients with RA, using head-to-head comparisons in a real-world setting. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of 16 observational RA registries. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of RA, initiation of treatment with rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABA), tocilizumab (TCZ) or TNF inhibitors (TNFis) and available information on RF and/or ACPA status. Drug discontinuation was analysed using Cox regression, including drug, seropositivity, their interaction, adjusting for concomitant and past treatments and patient and disease characteristics and accounting for country and calendar year of bDMARD initiation. Effectiveness was analysed using the Clinical Disease Activity Index evolution over time. RESULTS: Among the 27 583 eligible patients, the association of seropositivity with drug discontinuation differed across bDMARDs (P for interaction <0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios for seropositive compared with seronegative patients were 1.01 (95% CI 0.95, 1.07) for TNFis, 0.89 (0.78, 1.02)] for TCZ, 0.80 (0.72, 0.88) for ABA and 0.70 (0.59, 0.84) for RTX. Adjusted differences in remission and low disease activity rates between seropositive and seronegative patients followed the same pattern, with no difference in TNFis, a small difference in TCZ, a larger difference in ABA and the largest difference in RTX (Lundex remission difference +5.9%, low disease activity difference +11.6%). CONCLUSION: Seropositivity was associated with increased effectiveness of non-TNFi bDMARDs, especially RTX and ABA, but not TNFis.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To refine the prevalence, characteristics and response to treatment of myositis in primary SS (pSS). METHODS: The multicentre prospective Assessment of Systemic Signs and Evolution in Sjögren's Syndrome (ASSESS) cohort of 395 pSS patients with ≥60 months' follow-up was screened by the 2017 EULAR/ACR criteria for myositis. Extra-muscular complications, disease activity and patient-reported scores were analysed. RESULTS: Before enrolment and during the 5-year follow-up, myositis was suspected in 38 pSS patients and confirmed in 4 [1.0% (95% CI: 0.40, 2.6)]. Patients with suspected but not confirmed myositis had higher patient-reported scores and more frequent articular and peripheral nervous involvement than others. By contrast, disease duration in patients with confirmed myositis was 3-fold longer than without myositis. Two of the four myositis patients fulfilled criteria for sporadic IBM. Despite receiving three or more lines of treatment, they showed no muscle improvement, which further supported the sporadic IBM diagnosis. The two other patients did not feature characteristics of a myositis subtype, which suggested 'pure' pSS myositis. Steroids plus MTX was then efficient in achieving remission. CONCLUSIONS: Myositis, frequently suspected, occurs in 1% of pSS patients. Especially when there is resistance to treatment, sporadic IBM should be considered and might be regarded as a late complication of this disease.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatic and musculoskeletal immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are observed in about 10% of patients with cancer receiving checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs). Given the recent emergence of these events and the lack of guidance for rheumatologists addressing them, a European League Against Rheumatism task force was convened to harmonise expert opinion regarding their identification and management. METHODS: First, the group formulated research questions for a systematic literature review. Then, based on literature and using a consensus procedure, 4 overarching principles and 10 points to consider were developed. RESULTS: The overarching principles defined the role of rheumatologists in the management of irAEs, highlighting the shared decision-making process between patients, oncologists and rheumatologists. The points to consider inform rheumatologists on the wide spectrum of musculoskeletal irAEs, not fulfilling usual classification criteria of rheumatic diseases, and their differential diagnoses. Early referral and facilitated access to rheumatologist are recommended, to document the target organ inflammation. Regarding therapeutic, three treatment escalations were defined: (1) local/systemic glucocorticoids if symptoms are not controlled by symptomatic treatment, then tapered to the lowest efficient dose, (2) conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, in case of inadequate response to glucocorticoids or for steroid sparing and (3) biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, for severe or refractory irAEs. A warning has been made on severe myositis, a life-threatening situation, requiring high dose of glucocorticoids and close monitoring. For patients with pre-existing rheumatic disease, baseline immunosuppressive regimen should be kept at the lowest efficient dose before starting immunotherapies. CONCLUSION: These statements provide guidance on diagnosis and management of rheumatic irAEs and aim to support future international collaborations.

16.
Medicines (Basel) ; 7(3)2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most important series devoted to antithyroid drug-induced severe neutropenia and agranulocytosis are Japanese studies, almost specifically in relation to the intake of methimazole. The clinical data of 30 Caucasian patients followed up for antithyroid drug-induced neutropenia at a third-level hospital are reported. Methods: The data of 30 patients with idiosyncratic antithyroid drug-induced neutropenia and agranulocytosis from a cohort study on drug-induced neutropenia and agranulocytosis conducted at the University Hospital of Strasbourg (France) were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The mean patient age was 61.7 years old (range: 20-87), and the gender ratio (F/M) was 4. Several comorbidities were reported in 23 patients (76.7%), with the mean Charlson comorbidity index of 1. The causative drugs were carbimazole and benzylthiouracil, in 28 (93.3%) and 2 cases, respectively, prescribed primarily for multi-hetero-nodular goiter or thyroid nodule to 18 patients (60%). Sore throat and acute tonsillitis (40%), isolated fever (20%), septicemia (13.3%), documented pneumonia (6.7%), and septic shock (6.7%) were the main clinical features upon admission. The mean neutrophil count at nadir was 0.02 and 0 × 109/L (range: 0-0.3). Regarding the patients' hospital course: 13 cases (43.3%) worsened during hospitalization, severe sepsis was found in 26.7%, systemic inflammatory response syndrome-in 13.3%, and septic shock-in 3.3% of the cases, respectively. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were indicated for all the patients, and 21 (73.3%) of them received hematopoietic growth factors. Hematological recovery (neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 109/L) was seen at 8.3 days (range: 2-24), but faster in those receiving hematopoietic growth factors (4.9 days, p = 0.046). Two patients died during hospitalization, and the rest had a favorable clinical outcome. Conclusions: Antithyroid drug-induced neutropenia represents a serious complication resulting from the rates of severe infections especially in those cases severe neutropenia. In this setting, an established procedure for the management of patients seems useful or even indispensable in view of potential mortality.

17.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(9): 2553-2562, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating disease, but patient management and treatment have been revolutionized since the advent of bDMARDs. However, about one third of RA patients do not respond to specific bDMARD treatment without clear identified reasons. Different bDMARDs must be tried until the right drug is found. Here, we sought to identify a predictive protein signature to stratify patient responsiveness to rituximab (RTX) among patients with an insufficient response to a first anti-TNFα treatment. METHODS: Serum samples were collected at baseline before RTX initiation. A proteomics study comparing responders and nonresponders was conducted to identify and select potential predictive biomarkers whose concentration was measured by quantitative assays. Logistic regression was performed to determine the best biomarker combination to predict good or nonresponse to RTX (EULAR criteria after 6 months' treatment). RESULTS: Eleven biomarkers potentially discriminating between responders and nonresponders were selected following discovery proteomics. Quantitative immunoassays and univariate statistical analysis showed that fetuin-A and thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) presented a good capacity to discriminate between patient groups. A logistic regression analysis revealed that the combination of fetuin-A plus TBG could accurately predict a patient's responsiveness to RTX with an AUC of 0.86, sensitivity of 80%, and a specificity of 79%. CONCLUSION: In RA patients for whom a first anti-TNFα treatment has failed, the serum abundance of fetuin-A and TBG before initiating RTX treatment is an indicator for their response status at 6 months. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01000441. Key Points • Proteomic analysis revealed 11 putative predictive biomarkers to discriminate rituximab responder vs. nonresponder RA patients. • Fetuin-A and TBG are significantly differentially expressed at baseline in rituximab responder vs. nonresponder RA patients. • Algorithm combining fetuin-A and TBG accurately predicts response to rituximab in RA patients with insufficient response to TNFi.

18.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 39, 2020 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the presence of a seasonal effect on fatigue, pain and dryness in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Data (date; visual analogue scales (VAS) for pain, fatigue and dryness) were extracted from three randomised placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating infliximab (TRIPSS; n = 103 patients), hydroxychloroquine (JOQUER; n = 120 patients) and rituximab (TEARS; n = 120 patients) and from the 5-year follow-up of the ASSESS prospective cohort (n = 395 patients). Data were analysed at each visit for each patient, according to the day, the month of the year and the season. Linear mixed models were used to take into account the repeated structure of the data and to analyse a potential cyclic effect. RESULTS: A total of 744, 584, 848 and 682 pain, fatigue and dryness VASs were collected on 632 subjects in spring, summer, fall and winter, respectively. No significant difference was observed in pain, fatigue and dryness, according to the month of the year or the season (all p values > 0.05). CONCLUSION: In pSS, seasonality does not affect patient-reported outcomes (PROs) on fatigue, pain and dryness.


Assuntos
Estações do Ano , Síndrome de Sjogren , Estudos de Coortes , Síndromes do Olho Seco/epidemiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Dor/epidemiologia , Dor/etiologia
19.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(5): 1405-1413, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062768

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis and gout are frequently encountered conditions sharing a number of common risk factors, which render their independent study difficult. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a strong link between these diseases, suggesting the presence of underlying, intertwined pathophysiological mechanisms that currently remain unknown. Indeed, sodium urate crystals could play a pathogenic role in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In daily practice, the distinction between psoriatic arthritis associated with hyperuricemia and a gouty arthropathy with psoriasis is complex. Several common pathogenic features suggest a more intricate relationship than their mere coexistence in the same patient. Thus, the concurrence of these two diseases should be seen as a novel overlap syndrome, at the boundary between inflammatory and metabolic rheumatism. The present update aims to clarify the determinants of the link and to define this new nosological entity. Its recognition could have therapeutic implications that appear essential for treatment optimization in a personalized setting.Key Points• What is already known about this subject? Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and gout have strong interconnections, including comorbidities and pathophysiology. One must note that confounding clinical symptoms and radiological signs of PsA and gout are similar and difficult to differentiate in patients whose radiological lesions become too advanced to be differentiated or with less clearly defined phenotypes.• What does this study add? The pathogenic role of chronic hyperuricemia in the development and maintenance of PsA is based on epidemiological, clinical, and fundamental arguments and hence does not appear fortuitous. These two pathological processes can influence each other.• How might this impact on clinical practice? This new line of thinking regarding the convergence of gout and PsA, involving the role of urate crystals, could prompt a potential new approach to treatment (urate-lowering therapy) among patients with active/refractory PsA.

20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 685-699, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/economia , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Consenso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/economia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
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