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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 150, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are distinct differences in the implementation of physiotherapeutic care in nursing homes. Both nationally and internationally staffing levels of physiotherapy differ significantly between and within nursing homes. Since legislation or guidelines that specify the parameters of physiotherapy required in nursing homes are lacking, it is unknown how physiotherapists currently estimate the usefulness and necessity of physiotherapy in individual situations in long-term care. The purpose of this study was to describe how physiotherapists actually work, and how they want to work, in daily practice in Dutch nursing homes. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study with an online questionnaire. We asked 72 physiotherapists working in Dutch nursing homes to describe as accurately as possible usual care in nine different cases in long-term care. Furthermore we asked them to describe their role in the prevention and treatment of a number of indicators that measure the quality of care in nursing homes. Two reviewers thematically analysed the answers to the questionnaires. RESULTS: Forty-six physiotherapists returned the questionnaire. Physiotherapy services include active exercise therapy aimed to improve mobility and movement dysfunctions, advising on prevention and management of falls, pressure ulcers, incontinence, malnutrition and sarcopenia, overweight, physical restraints, intertrigo, chronic wounds, behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia, and physical inactivity, and ergonomic and behavioural training. The way and extent in which physiotherapists are involved in the various care- and functional problems differs and depends on organisational and personal factors such as, organisation's policy, type of ward, time pressure, staffing level, collaboration with other members of the multidisciplinary team, or lack of knowledge. CONCLUSION: Physiotherapists in nursing homes are involved in the prevention and management of different care situations and functional problems. The way in which they are involved differs between physiotherapist. Aiming for more uniformity seems necessary. A shared vision can help physiotherapists to work more consistently and will strengthen their position in nursing homes.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Casas de Saúde , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 22(3): 607.e1-607.e6, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To predict mortality with the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) in a sample of community-dwelling older people, using a follow-up of 7 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 479 Dutch community-dwelling people aged 75 years or older. MEASUREMENTS: The TFI, a self-report questionnaire, was used to collect data about total, physical, psychological, and social frailty. The municipality of Roosendaal (a town in the Netherlands) provided the mortality dates. RESULTS: Total, physical, and psychological frailty predicted mortality, with unadjusted hazard ratios of 1.295, 1.168, and 1.194, and areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of 0.664, 0.671, and 0.567, respectively. After adjustment for age and gender, the areas under the curves for total, physical, and psychological frailty were 0.704, 0.702, and 0.652, respectively. Analyses using individual components of the TFI show that difficulty in walking and unexplained weight loss predict mortality. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: This study has shown the predictive validity of the TFI for mortality in community-dwelling older people. Our study demonstrated that physical and psychological frailty predicted mortality. Of the individual TFI components, difficulty in walking consistently predicted mortality. For identifying frailty, using the integral instrument is recommended because total, physical, psychological, and social frailty and its components have proven their value in predicting adverse outcomes of frailty, for example, increase in health care use and a lower quality of life.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Health Soc Care Community ; 29(1): 78-90, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652728

RESUMO

The population of adults ageing in place and using home-care services is growing rapidly worldwide. Meaning in life (MiL) of this group of clients is relevant for healthcare and social workers. MiL is associated with many positive outcomes, but can be challenging for aged persons. Objective of this study was to explore MiL in daily life of community-dwelling aged persons who receive homecare. A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was followed. Three waves of semi-structured interviews took place among 24 clients of a home-care organisation in the Netherlands between November 2015 and July 2018. Photo-elicitation was part of the interview procedure. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis and dialogues enhanced understanding. Findings show that participants derived meaning from self, others, environment and living. The process of retaining MiL involved maintaining, adapting and discovering. We conclude that community-dwelling aged adults can draw MiL from many sources. Retaining MiL is interwoven in everyday life and requires continuous adaptation to ever-changing life conditions during later life. Although relevant general themes were sketched in this paper, the importance of each, and the connections between them, vary and come to light at the individual level. The themes in this paper and the cases in the appendices provide insights that may help professionals recognise MiL in their work. Besides listening to the stories of aged adults, person-centred interventions should support aged adult's strategy to retain MiL.


Assuntos
Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Vida Independente , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
BMC Nurs ; 19: 41, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32477004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Meaning in life (MiL) is considered to be an important part of health and is associated with many positive outcomes in older adults, such as quality of life and longevity. As health promotors, nurses may take patients' MiL into account in the care process. There is a knowledge gap in terms of what constitutes good care in relation to older patients' MiL, and what the benefits may be for patients when nursing is attuned to this aspect. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of home nursing older adults in relation to nurses' attunement to MiL. METHODS: Gadamerian hermeneutic phenomenological design with semi-structured interviews. Participants were 24 aged home nursing patients. A framework of care ethical evaluation was used in the analysis. Multiple dialogues enhanced understanding. RESULTS: Patients did not expect nurses' regard for their MiL. They rather expected 'normal contact' and adequate physical care. Nurses showed that they were open to patients' MiL by being interested in the patient as a person and by being attentive to specific and hidden needs. Participants explained that the nurse's behaviour upon arrival set the tone: they knew immediately if there was room for MiL or not. All participants had positive and negative experiences with nurses' behaviour in relation to MiL. Valued nursing care included maintaining a long, kind and reciprocal relationship; doing what was needed; and skilled personalised care. Participants mentioned 'special ones': nurses who attuned to them in a special way and did more than expected. Benefits of care that was attuned to patients' MiL were: experiencing a cheerful moment, feeling secure, feeling like a valuable person and having a good day. Older adults also stressed that consideration for MiL helps identify what is important in healthcare. CONCLUSION: Aged homecare patients value nurses' attunement to their MiL positively. Although patients regard MiL mostly as their own quest, nurses play a modest yet important role. Managers and educators should support nurses' investment in reciprocal nurse-patient relationships.

5.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 643-658, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040654

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many health care interventions have been developed that aim to improve or maintain the quality of life for frail elderly. A clear overview of these health care interventions for frail elderly and their effects on quality of life is missing. PURPOSE: To provide a systematic overview of the effect of health care interventions on quality of life of frail elderly. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in Embase, Medline (OvidSP), Cochrane Central, Cinahl, PsycInfo and Web of Science, up to and including November 2017. Studies describing health care interventions for frail elderly were included if the effect of the intervention on quality of life was described. The effects of the interventions on quality of life were described in an overview of the included studies. RESULTS: In total 4,853 potentially relevant articles were screened for relevance, of which 19 intervention studies met the inclusion criteria. The studies were very heterogeneous in the design: measurement of frailty, health care intervention and outcome measurement differ. Health care interventions described were: multidisciplinary treatment, exercise programs, testosterone gel, nurse home visits and acupuncture. Seven of the nineteen intervention studies, describing different health care interventions, reported a statistically significant effect on subdomains of quality of life, two studies reported a statistically significant effect of the intervention on the overall quality of life score. Ten studies reported no statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups. CONCLUSION: Reported effects of health care interventions on frail elderly persons' quality of life are inconsistent, with most of the studies reporting no differences between the intervention and control groups. As the number of frail elderly persons in the population will continue to grow, it will be important to continue the search for effective health care interventions. Alignment of studies in design and outcome measurements is needed.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/psicologia , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
6.
J Adv Nurs ; 75(8): 1732-1740, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972866

RESUMO

AIM: To explore situations in daily home nursing regarding meaning in life of older adults. DESIGN: Qualitative research design. METHODS: In total, 197 participant observations were conducted during home nursing visits between September 2015-May 2018. Descriptions were thematically analysed. The themes of this analysis were subsequently linked to dimensions of meaning in life. Dialogue in research groups expanded understanding. RESULTS/FINDINGS: Four main themes were found namely: being in a private environment; nurse-patient encounter embedded in a relationship; personal care; and conversation. CONCLUSION: Meaning in life of older adults may come to light in every situation during daily care. Hence there are many opportunities for nurses to attune their work to patients' meaning in life. Nurse education and health management should enable them to do so.


Assuntos
Assistência Domiciliar/psicologia , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
7.
Nurs Ethics ; 25(8): 973-991, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:: Meaning in life of older persons is related to well-being, health, quality of life, and "good life." However, the topic is scarcely covered in nursing literature. OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this integrative review for nurses is to synthesize knowledge from scholarly literature to provide insight into how older persons find meaning in life, what are influencing circumstances, and what are their sources of meaning. The review serves as a starting point for including meaning in life of older persons as a major concern for nurses in their role as health promoters. METHOD:: An integrative review was performed including empirical research literature and texts on theoretical perspectives. ETHICAL CONSIDERATION:: Researches agree with ethical codes for research of universities in the Netherlands. For literature reviews no additional procedures are necessary according to Dutch law. FINDINGS:: A total of 44 heterogeneous texts were included in this review. Finding meaning in life is challenging for older persons. Older persons find meaning through a developmental process, by creating and discovering. Meaning in life is found in connection with self and others. Health, living together, high socio-economic status, social relations, activities, and religion are associated with experiencing meaning in later life. The main source of meaning in life of older persons is human relationships. Other sources of meaning in life vary by age and culture. DISCUSSION:: The review provides insight into meaning in life of older persons. There are several gaps in knowledge: literature is culturally biased, research on discovery of meaning and daily meaning is limited, and research from a nursing perspective is lacking. In practice, nurses have many opportunities to attune to meaning in life of patients. Further development of competence and training are needed. CONCLUSION:: Older persons find meaning in life through different processes. Meaning in life is associated with the circumstances old persons live in. Human relationship is the major source of meaning. The knowledge from this review is a necessary knowledge base for nurses to include meaning in life of older patients in care. Further research is needed to explore the role of nurses.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Valor da Vida , Idoso , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28873767

RESUMO

Conclusions were synthesised from recent reviews on (touchscreen)technologies and people with dementia and lessons learnt, using these devices in projects in the UK, the Netherlands and Canada. The combined findings provide a strong basis for defining new strategies for exploiting touchscreen technology for people with dementia.


Assuntos
Demência , Aprendizagem , Canadá , Humanos , Países Baixos , Interface Usuário-Computador
9.
Int J Med Inform ; 91: e1-8, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26897552

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous research has indicated that people living with dementia are able to use touchscreen technology, which presents an opportunity to deliver meaningful and engaging activities for people to pass the time independently. The challenge is to identify suitable applications from the thousands that are currently available, and familiarity, where an app is a digital version of an existing real world game, may be one solution. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the concept of familiarity in gameplay with people living with dementia by comparing a known game with a novel game and measuring whether users are able to play these games independently and whether they enjoy doing so. METHODS: Thirty older adults living with dementia were recruited from local care services. Each participant was assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 played a familiar game (Solitaire) and Group 2 played a novel game (Bubble Xplode). Each participant played the same game on three separate occasions within one week. Number of gameplay attempts, whether a checkpoint was reached and how much time to reach the checkpoint were measured. A brief post-session interview was conducted to assess the participants' enjoyment. RESULTS: Ninety percent of participants attempted gameplay independently with 17% of participants in the familiar group reaching the checkpoint compared with 93% playing the novel game. Regardless of which game was played or whether the checkpoint was reached, 88% of all participants reported enjoyment of the gaming sessions. DISCUSSION: People living with dementia can play touchscreen games independently, but familiarity does not ensure successful gameplay. Enjoyment appears to be independent of progression through a game. The potential of novel and unfamiliar games as meaningful activities that people with dementia can engage with independently should be further explored.


Assuntos
Demência/psicologia , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Demência/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Memória , Prazer , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Tato , Interface Usuário-Computador
10.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 60(1): 42-50, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22175283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify appropriate screening conditions, stratified according to age and vulnerability, to prevent functional decline in older people. DESIGN: A RAND/University of California at Los Angeles appropriateness method. SETTING: The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: A multidisciplinary panel of 11 experts. MEASUREMENTS: The panelists assessed the appropriateness of screening for 29 conditions mentioned in guidelines from four countries, stratified according to age (60-74, 75-84, ≥85) and health status (general, vital, and vulnerable) and received a literature overview for each condition, including the guidelines and up-to-date literature. After an individual rating round, panelists discussed disagreements and performed a second individual rating. The median of the second ratings defined the appropriateness of screening. RESULTS: The panel rated screening to be appropriate in three of the 29 conditions, indicating that screening was expected to prevent functional decline. Screening for insufficient physical activity was considered appropriate for all three age and health groups. Screening for cardiovascular risk factors and smoking was considered appropriate for the general and vital population aged 60 to 74. Of the 261 ratings, 63 (24%) were classified as uncertain, of which 42 (67%) concerned the vulnerable population. The panelists considered conditions inappropriate mainly because of lack of an adequate screening tool or lack of evidence of effective interventions for positive screened persons. CONCLUSION: The expert panel considered screening older people to prevent functional decline appropriate for insufficient physical activity and smoking and cardiovascular risk in specific groups. For other conditions, sufficient evidence does not support screening. Based on their experience, panelists expected benefit from developing tests and interventions, especially for vulnerable older people.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Nível de Saúde , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Transtornos Psicomotores/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Transtornos Psicomotores/epidemiologia
11.
Maastricht; University of Limberg. Research for Healthy Cities Clearing House; 1993. 167 p. (RHC Monograph Series, 1).
Monografia em Inglês | CidSaúde - Cidades saudáveis | ID: cid-15662
12.
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