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2.
World J Urol ; 37(7): 1415-1420, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341450

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze and compare preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative results in men with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) selected for an adjustable male sling system or an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in a large, contemporary, multi-institutional patient cohort. METHODS: 658 male patients who underwent implantation between 2010 and 2012 in 13 participating institutions were included in this study (n = 176 adjustable male sling; n = 482 AUS). Preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. For statistical analysis, the independent T test and Mann-Whitney U test were used. RESULTS: Patients undergoing adjustable male sling implantation were less likely to have a neurological disease (4.5% vs. 8.9%, p = 0.021), a history of urethral stricture (21.6% vs. 33.8%, p = 0.024) or a radiation therapy (22.7% vs. 29.9%, p = 0.020) compared to patients that underwent AUS implantation. Mean pad usage per day (6.87 vs. 5.82; p < 0.00) and the ratio of patients with a prior incontinence surgery were higher in patients selected for an AUS implantation (36.7% vs. 22.7%; p < 0.001). At maximum follow-up, patients that underwent an AUS implantation had a significantly lower mean pad usage during daytime (p < 0.001) and nighttime (p = 0.018). Furthermore, the patients' perception of their continence status was better with a subjective complete dry rate of 57.3% vs. 22.0% (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients selected for an AUS implantation showed a more complex prior history and pathogenesis of urinary incontinence as well as a more severe grade of SUI. Postoperative results reflect a better continence status after AUS implantation, favoring the AUS despite the more complicated patient cohort.


Assuntos
Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Esfíncter Urinário Artificial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Radioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Estreitamento Uretral/epidemiologia
3.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(12): 2137-2142, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28900840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: According to current guidelines, radical cystectomy (RC) should be combined with an extended pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLND) as therapeutic and staging instrument. Objective of this study was to analyze the influence of PLND on survival rates and complication rates in a selected group of elderly patients with a minimum age of 80 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-center retrospective analysis, we evaluated 102 patients who underwent RC due to UCB from 2004 to 2015 at our institution. In 74 patients (73%), RC was combined with PLND; in 28 cases (27%), RC was performed without PLND. Impact of PLND on cancer specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed using log-rank test and COX regression model. RESULTS: In univariate analysis of the data, we were not able to show a significant impact of PLND on CSS (p = 0.606), OS (p = 0.979) or PFS (p = 0.883). Also in multivariate analysis of the data, we were not able to identify PLND as an independent prognostic parameter on survival rates of patients undergoing RC, neither for CSS (p = 0.912) nor OS (p = 0.618) or PFS (p = 0.900). CONCLUSIONS: Our small and single-center study was not able to demonstrate a significant independent influence of PLND on CSS, OS and PFS in octogenarians undergoing RC due to UCB. There is no doubt that RC should usually be combined with PLND, but the results of this small data set with a selected patient cohort indicate that RC without PLND might be an option in selected cases of elderly patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Cistectomia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Urologe A ; 55(8): 1038-46, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27411997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With increasing life expectancy, progressive demographic change and decreasing societal stigmatization of incontinence urologists and gynaecologists are increasingly faced with urogynaecological challenges. To date however, urogynaecology is a poorly standardized area of expertise in both disciplines. Therefore, the urogynaecology training, especially in Germany, is very heterogeneous and requires evaluation as well as improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GeSRU-Academics research group "Functional urology and LUTS" evaluated this subject nationwide among urological and gynecological trainees and their chief physicians by using a comprehensive questionnaire (34/38 multiple-choice items) between April 2015 and May 2016. RESULTS: 336 urological residents and 190 chief physicians as well as 171 gynaecological residents and 175 chief physicians participated in the survey. Of all trainees, 70.0 % stated a personal interest in urogynaecology, but 45.4 % (gynaecological residents) and 52.9 % (urological residents) mention not to receive a standardized training in their own department. The chief physicians' survey resulted in discrepancies concerning the same question, <10 % of all residents do not receive a standardized urogynaecological training from their point of view. However, standardized urogynaecological training is of importance for those chief physicians. CONCLUSIONS: There is a discrepancy between expectations and reality of urogynaecological education and training. To enable a well-structured and standardized urogynaecological education and training, it is compulsory to focus on an interdisciplinary cooperation and to promote multidisciplinary development. A broad-based, well-designed training network and curricula should be established and used consistently.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Ginecologia/educação , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Urologia/educação , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação Médica/tendências , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos
6.
World J Urol ; 34(5): 703-8, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26376992

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Different blood parameters have shown to be associated with patient's oncological outcome. There is only limited knowledge about the prognostic relevance of routine blood parameters in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the influence of preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) and hemoglobin (Hb) levels on overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative CRP and Hb levels were available in 664 patients who underwent RC due to TCC from 2004 to 2013 at our institution. More men than women (77 vs. 23 %) underwent surgery with a median age of 70 years (35-97). Median follow-up time was 24 months (max. 108). Outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox regression models. RESULTS: Median CRP level was 0.5 mg/dl (0.1-28.3), and median Hb level was 13.4 g/dl (6.7-17.9). Patients with CRP value above the median died significantly earlier due to their disease than those with CRP below the median (median CSS 19 vs. 70 months; p < 0.001). Patients with preoperative Hb level below the median had significantly worse outcome than those with Hb level above the median (median CSS 25 vs. 78 months; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, CRP and Hb levels were independent prognostic parameters regarding CSS/OS (CRP p = 0.016/p = 0.004; Hb p = 0.006/p = 0.004, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In our single-center study, preoperative CRP and Hb levels were found to be independent prognostic factors, indicating impaired outcome in patients undergoing RC for TCC. These findings could be used for individual risk stratification and optimization of therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/sangue , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Cistectomia , Hemoglobinas/análise , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/sangue , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Cistectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade
7.
Urologe A ; 54(6): 887-99; quiz 900, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26081822

RESUMO

Stress urinary incontinence in men is predominantly iatrogenic whereby radical prostatectomy is the most common cause with persistent stress urinary incontinence rates varying between 10 % and 25 %. The first line therapy for postoperative male stress urinary incontinence is physiotherapy, especially pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. If conservative treatment fails to show sufficient improvement, surgical therapy is recommended. Several treatment options are currently available for the surgical treatment of male stress urinary incontinence including artificial sphincters, adjustable and functional sling systems, bulking agents and implantable balloon systems.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Esfíncter Urinário Artificial , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Oralprophylaxe ; 13(2): 76-80, 1991 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1814382

RESUMO

For this study an extensive oral examination was performed in 111 women between 21 and 48 years of age recreating themselves in special rest homes. A mean DMF-T of 19.1 and a mean DMF-S of 62.5 was found; women with a low education (Sonderschule) showed an especially high DMF-S of 85.0, participants with a secondary education (Abitur) had a DMF-S-Index less by half. The oral hygiene of the women was insufficient (mean QHI 2.6), papilla bleeding was easy to provoke in most of them. 98% of the women needed periodontal treatment, 10.8% showed a probing depth of 6-8 mm. 60.8% of 942 examined restorations needed to be renewed, the reason was mostly marginal leakage.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice CPO , Escolaridade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Higiene Oral
9.
Oralprophylaxe ; 13(1): 17-21, 1991 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1931194

RESUMO

111 women out of 316 women relaxing in three rest homes volunteered to participate in this study and answered a questionnaire concerning following subjects: daily oral hygiene, knowledge in hygiene procedures, frequency of dental treatment and interest in dental prophylaxis. Oral hygiene behaviour and knowledge were not sufficient. Only half of them knew dental floss and fluorides. Interdental care was practised by 20 women and only 10 used fluorides, they had without exception a secondary education. Most of the participants were educated in dental health care mainly by their parents. 36 women went to see the dentist only in case of necessity. 15 women were very afraid of dental treatment. 60% out of 111 women participated in a lecture on preventive dentistry and prophylaxis.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Cooperação do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários
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