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Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529182


In KiGGS Wave 2, data from 3­ to 17-year-olds were collected from a total of 3462 persons using a standardized interview on the current use of AM/NEM in the last seven days. For trends analysis, data from 14,679 study participants in the same age group from the KiGGS baseline study were used.In KiGGS Wave 2, 36.4% (95% CI 34.1-38.8) of the 3­ to 17-year-olds had used at least one AM/NEM in the last seven days. The prevalence was highest at 46.5% in 14- to 17-year-olds and significantly different between girls and boys (56.4% vs. 37.3%). Only among girls were there significant differences by migrant background with a higher prevalence of use among girls without a migrant background.Most frequently, the preparations used were for treatment of the respiratory tract (girls: 14.2%, boys: 14.9%), followed by "Varia" (girls: 8.7%, boys: 9.3%) and preparations for the treatment of the musculoskeletal system (girls: 8.9%, boys: 5.8%). There was a significant decrease in the overall prevalence of medicine use compared to the KiGGS baseline study (46.4% vs. 36.4%). This decrease was mainly due to lower prevalences of use in the ATC main groups "N Nervous System" (7.5% vs. 5.4%), "J Systemic Anti-infectives" (2.5% vs. 1.4%) and "H Systemic Hormones, excl. Sexual Hormones and Insulins" (2.0% vs. 1.1%).The results describe key points in the use of AM/NEM, including self-medication for children and adolescents in Germany. They illustrate the use behaviour and represent a valuable supplement to prescription data.

Suplementos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Automedicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187183


BACKGROUND: The benefit of medicines in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) has been demonstrated in women and men. However, gender-specific differences have been observed in the prescription of these medicines. Information on trends in prevalence use in women and men from population-based studies are still lacking. METHODS: Data of people aged 40-79 years with CHD from the national health interview and examination surveys for adults in Germany from 1997-1999 (GNHIES98, n = 411) and from 2008-2011 (DEGS1, n = 440) were analyzed. Trend analyses via multivariable regression models, taking into account relevant covariables, were used to calculate the prevalence of medicine use in secondary prevention of CHD between GNHIES98 and DEGS1. The following groups were considered: antiplatelet, statins, beta-receptor blockers, agents acting on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS blocker), calcium-channel blockers, and nitrate. RESULTS: In one decade, the prevalence had increased for antiplatelet (24.0% vs. 59.6%), statins (18.5% vs. 56.2%), beta-receptor blockers (24.7% vs. 65.5%), and RAS blockers (31.6% vs. 69.0%). The prevalence of calcium-channel blockers (33.3% vs. 20.5%) and nitrate (40.6% vs. 10.1%) had decreased. In GNHIES98, men were more likely to use RAS blockers. Significant gender differences were found in DEGS1 only for angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. CONCLUSION: This study showed an improvement in the use of drugs for the secondary prevention of CHD in both sexes.

Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Doença das Coronárias/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevenção Secundária
Am J Hypertens ; 29(1): 104-13, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25968124


BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality, therefore its control is of great importance. In this study we compare the use of antihypertensive medication among adults with hypertension in Germany 1998 and 2008-2011 and determine factors associated with use and control. METHODS: Data from German Health Examination Surveys (GNHIES98 1998, n = 7,124 and DEGS1 2008-2011 n = 7,988, age 18-79 years) including standardized blood pressure (BP) measurements and Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) medication codes were analyzed. RESULTS: The use of antihypertensive medication among adults with hypertension in Germany increased from 54% to 72% in 1 decade. In 2008-2011, 67% of users were treated with polytherapy. The most commonly used antihypertensive class in 1998 was diuretics (43%) and in 2008-2011 beta-blockers (54%). Ramipril and metoprolol are currently the most commonly used monotherapy agents, while ramipril in combination with hydrochlorothiazide is the most frequent polytherapy. Being a woman, older age, having statutory health insurance, diabetes, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and obesity were positively associated with antihypertensive use. The control rate among treated increased from 42% to 72%. Young women (18-54 years) had better control compared to older women or to men. Having CHD or stroke was positively associated with BP control. CONCLUSIONS: Increased and improved antihypertensive use might be a main contributor to the decrease in BP observed in Germany in the last decade. However, there are still socio-demographic and health disparities in hypertension treatment and control.

Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 16: 28, 2015 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26428626


BACKGROUND: Despite the public health relevance of analgesic use, large-scale studies on this topic in Germany are lacking. This study describes the prevalence, trends, associations and patterns of use of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics, focusing on five of the most common agents: aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen and paracetamol. METHODS: Data from two representative population-based surveys: The German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998 (GNHIES98 n = 7099) and the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2008-2011 (DEGS1 n = 7091) was investigated. Information on all medicines consumed in the previous 7 days was collected via computer-assisted personal interviews with adults aged 18-79 years. Associations between analgesic use and socio-demographic and health-behaviour factors were analysed using logistic regression models. RESULTS: Analgesic use has increased over the last decade from 19 to 21%. This was exclusively due to the rise in OTC analgesic use from 10.0 to 12.2%. Prescribed analgesic use remained constant (7.9%). Findings from DEGS1 indicate that ibuprofen is the most commonly used analgesic followed by aspirin and paracetamol. OTC analgesic use is higher among women and smokers, but lower among older adults (65-79 years). Prescribed analgesics use is higher among women, older adults, smokers and obese adults with medium or high socio- economic status. Adults performing more than 2 h/week of physical exercise use fewer analgesics. DISCUSSION: Among the adult population of Germany, the prevalence of OTC analgesic use has significantly increased over the last decade. We found differences between adults consuming OTC and prescribed analgesics (or both) concerning their health behaviour and health conditions. International direct comparison between prevalence rates of analgesic use was limited due to varying availability of analgesics between countries and to methodological differences. CONCLUSIONS: About one in five community dwelling adults aged 18-79 years in Germany use analgesics in a given week. Considering the potential harms of analgesic use, monitoring of prevalence, patterns and determinants of use at the population level are important steps to inform disease prevention and health promotion policies.

Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Tratamento Farmacológico/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Dor/prevenção & controle , Acetaminofen/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Diclofenaco/uso terapêutico , Tratamento Farmacológico/tendências , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Naproxeno/uso terapêutico , Dor/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Classe Social , Adulto Jovem