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1.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To update the study of the association between obesity and treatment response in psoriatic arthritis. METHODS: Updating a systematic review of clinical trials, prospective or retrospective longitudinal studies and case-control studies in psoriatic arthritis in which obesity was assessed as a predictor of efficacy or toxicity. Risks of bias were assessed with validated scales. A meta-analysis of the results of studies with similar outcome variables and weight measurements was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included (6 review of clinical trials, 6 longitudinal studies, 7 registers and one case-control studie), with moderate quality. The risk of achieving an ACR20 response if weight≥100kg was estimated at OR=1.42 (1-2.08) and that of withdrawing treatment in an OR of 1.60 (95% CI: 1.34 - 1.92). CONCLUSIONS: There seems to be a greater risk of withdrawal of treatment due to inefficacy and difficulty in achieving remission in patients with psoriatic arthritis if they are obese.

2.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there are any real-life differences between ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients treated with NSAID or TNF inhibitors (TNFi) regarding disease activity. METHODS: This is an observational transversal unicentric study with retrospective retrieval of data from clinical records of all AS patients attended in our hospital. We compared clinical activity measured by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) scores between patients treated with NSAID and those treated with TNFi, in terms of low disease activity defined as BASDAI<4, and inactivity when BASDAI≤2. As secondary variables, we also collected epidemiological, clinical and radiological data from all those patients. RESULTS: A total of 152 AS patients (81% male), with an average age of 49.45±12.38 years and a disease duration of 13.5±9.79 years were included in the study. Eighty-nine patients (58.6%) were treated with NSAID and 63 (41.4%) with TNFi. The proportion of patients with low disease activity and inactive disease was significantly higher in the TNFi treatment group compared to the NSAID group (81 vs. 47, P=.0001) and (44 vs. 24, P=.007), respectively. Patients treated with NSAIDs also showed significantly more global pain and night pain than those under TNFi therapy. The BASFI score and especially the type of treatment (NSAID or TNFI) were the only variables independently associated with low disease activity or inactive disease. CONCLUSION: In real world practice, AS patients under TNFi treatment show a better control of clinical symptoms than those under NSAIDs.

3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(supl.1): 14-18, abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3356

RESUMO

Las espondiloartritis (EspA) son una familia amplia y heterogénea de enfermedades reumáticas inflamatorias que condiciona la inflamación de la entesis. Presentan unas características radiológicas específicas que consisten en la combinación de fenómenos destructivos y neoformativos que se objetivan en las diferentes técnicas de imagen utilizadas. Estas técnicas de imagen son la radiología convencional (Rx), la resonancia magnética (RM), la ecografía (US, ultrasound), la tomografía computarizada (TC) y la gammagrafía ósea (GGO). La radiología simple continúa siendo importante aunque las nuevas técnicas de imagen, como la RM y la US, están adquiriendo cada vez mayor importancia tanto en el proceso diagnóstico como en el tratamiento, además de ayudar a profundizar en el conocimiento de la patogenia de dichas enfermedades. La Rx y la TC permiten valorar lesiones estructurales, mientras que la RM y la US permiten valorar, además, la actividad de la enfermedad a través de la valoración de lesiones agudas. Por todo ello, el profesional clínico debe ser conocedor de las ventajas y las limitaciones de las técnicas de imagen para obtener el máximo beneficio de todas ellas en los diferentes aspectos de diagnóstico y tratamiento de las EspA, aunque siempre de deba tener en consideración que la imagen es una herramienta más al servicio del reumatólogo para facilitar y mejorar el tratamiento de las EspA


Spondyloarthritis (SpA) are a broad and heterogeneous family of inflammatory rheumatic diseases involving inflammation of the enthesis. They show certain specific radiologic characteristics consisting of destructive phenomena and neoformation, which can be seen with the various types of imaging techniques used. These techniques are conventional radiography (CR), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and skeletal scintigraphy. Plain-film radiography continues to be important, although newer imaging techniques such as MRI and US are acquiring increasing importance in both diagnosis and management, as well as allowing more in-depth knowledge of the pathogenesis of these diseases. CR and CT allow assessment of structural inflammatory lesions, while MRI and US also permit evaluation of disease activity through assessment of acute lesions. Consequently, clinicians should be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of imaging techniques to obtain the maximum benefit from them in the various aspects of the diagnosis and management of SpA. It is important to bear in mind that imaging techniques are among the tools available to rheumatologists to aid and improve the management of SpA

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 88, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that anti-TNF doses can be reduced in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Some authors even propose withdrawing treatment in patients in clinical remission; however, at present there is no evidence to support this. OBJECTIVE: To assess how long AS patients with persistent clinical remission remained free of flares after anti-TNF withdrawal and to evaluate the effects of treatment reintroduction. We also analyze the characteristics of patients who did not present clinical relapse. METHODS: Multicenter, prospective, observational study of a cohort of patients with active AS who had received infliximab as a first anti-TNF treatment and who presented persistent remission (more than 6 months). We recorded at baseline and every 6-8 weeks over the 12-month period the age, gender, disease duration, peripheral arthritis or enthesitis, HLA-B27 status, BASDAI, CRP, ESR, BASFI, and three visual analogue scales, spine global pain, spinal night time pain, and patient's global assessment. RESULTS: Thirty-six out of 107 patients (34%) presented persistent remission and were included in our study. After treatment withdrawal, 21 of these 36 patients (58%) presented clinical relapse during follow-up. Infliximab therapy was reintroduced and only 52% achieved clinical remission, as they had before the discontinuation of infliximab; in an additional 10%, reintroduction of infliximab was ineffective, obliging us to change the anti-TNF therapy. No clinical or biological factors were associated with the occurrence of relapse during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Two thirds of patients in clinical remission presented clinical relapse shortly after infliximab withdrawal. Although the reintroduction of infliximab treatment was safe, half of the patients did not present the same clinical response that they had achieved prior to treatment withdrawal.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 11, 2019 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine if dose reduction is non-inferior to full-dose TNFi to maintain low disease activity (LDA) in patients already in remission with TNFi, in axial spondyloarthritis. METHODS: Randomized, parallel, non-inferiority, open-label multicentre clinical trial. Patients were eligible if they had axial spondyloarthritis and had been in clinical remission for ≥ 6 months with any available TNFi (adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab, golimumab) at the dose recommended by product labelling. Patients were randomized by automated central allocation to continue the same TNFi dose schedule, or to reduce the dose by roughly half according to the protocol. The main outcome was the proportion of subjects with LDA after 1 year. Serious adverse reactions or infections were recorded. RESULTS: The trial stopped due to end of the funding period, after 126 patients were randomized; 113 patients (84.1% male, mean age (SD) 45.6 (13.0) years) were included in the main per-protocol subset. Non-inferiority was concluded for LDA at 1 year (47/55 (83.8%) patients in the full-dose and 48/58 (81.3%) patients in the reduced-dose arm, adjusted difference (95% CI) - 2.5% (- 16.6% to 11.7%)). Serious adverse reactions or infections were reported in 7/62 patients (11.3%) assigned to full dose and 2/61 patients (3.3%) assigned to reduced dose (p value = 0.164). CONCLUSION: In patients with ankylosing spondylitis in clinical remission for at least 6 months, dose reduction is non-inferior to full TNF inhibitor doses to maintain LDA after 1 year. Serious adverse events may be less frequent with reduced doses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EU Clinical Trials Registry, EudraCT 2011-005871-18 and ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01604629 .

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3)2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting up to 30% of patients with psoriasis (Ps). To date, most of the known risk loci for PsA are shared with Ps, and identifying disease-specific variation has proven very challenging. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation specific for PsA. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 835 patients with PsA and 1558 controls from Spain. Genetic association was tested at the single marker level and at the pathway level. Meta-analysis was performed with a case-control cohort of 2847 individuals from North America. To confirm the specificity of the genetic associations with PsA, we tested the associated variation using a purely cutaneous psoriasis cohort (PsC, n=614) and a rheumatoid arthritis cohort (RA, n=1191). Using network and drug-repurposing analyses, we further investigated the potential of the PsA-specific associations to guide the development of new drugs in PsA. RESULTS: We identified a new PsA risk single-nucleotide polymorphism at B3GNT2 locus (p=1.10e-08). At the pathway level, we found 14 genetic pathways significantly associated with PsA (pFDR<0.05). From these, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism pathway was confirmed to be disease-specific after comparing the PsA cohort with the cohorts of patients with PsC and RA. Finally, we identified candidate drug targets in the GAG metabolism pathway as well as new PsA indications for approved drugs. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms that are specific for PsA and could contribute to develop more effective therapies.

7.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522944

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe the methodology of REAPSER (Spanish Registry of Recent-onset Psoriatic Arthritis), its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to identify prognostic factors for the clinical and radiographic course in a cohort of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) diagnosed within 2years of symptom evolution. METHODS: Multicenter, observational and prospective study (with 2-year follow-up including annual visits). Baseline visit intended to reflect patient situation before the disease course was modified by treatments prescribed in rheumatology departments. Patients were invited to participate consecutively in one of their routine visits to the rheumatologist. 211 patients were included. Following data were collected: sociodemographic variables; employment situation; family history; personal history and comorbidities; anthropometric data; lifestyle; use of healthcare services; clinical situation at the time of PsA diagnosis; joint involvement and spinal pain; pain and overall assessment; enthesitis, dactylitis and uveitis; skin and nail involvement; functional situation and quality of life; radiographic evaluation; analytical determinations; treatment; axial and peripheral flare-ups. CONCLUSIONS: The REAPSER study includes a cohort of patients with recent-onset PsA, before the disease course was modified by disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs prescribed in rheumatology departments. Exhaustive information collected in each visit is expected to be an important data source for future analysis.

8.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(6): 320-333, nov.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176025

RESUMO

Objetivo: La aparición de nueva información sobre las terapias biológicas en la espondiloartritis axial (EspAax) ha impulsado una nueva revisión de las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) basadas en la mejor evidencia posible. Estas nuevas recomendaciones pueden servir de referencia para reumatólogos implicados en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Métodos: Se creó un panel formado por nueve reumatólogos expertos en EspAax, previamente seleccionados por la SER mediante una convocatoria abierta. Las fases del trabajo fueron: identificación de las áreas clave para la actualización del consenso anterior, análisis y síntesis de la evidencia científica (sistema modificado de Oxford, CEBM, 2009) y formulación de recomendaciones a partir de esta evidencia y de técnicas de consenso. Resultados: Esta revisión de las recomendaciones comporta una actualización en la evaluación de actividad de la enfermedad y objetivos de tratamiento. Incorpora también los nuevos fármacos disponibles, así como sus nuevas indicaciones, y una revisión de los factores predictivos de respuesta terapéutica y progresión del daño radiográfico. Finalmente, estas recomendaciones abordan también las situaciones de fracaso a un primer anti-TNF, así como la posible optimización de la terapia biológica. El documento incluye una tabla de recomendaciones y un algoritmo de tratamiento. Conclusiones: Se presenta la actualización de las recomendaciones SER para el uso de terapias biológicas en pacientes con EspAax


Objective: Recent data published on biological therapy in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) since the last publication of the recommendations of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) has led to the generation of a review of these recommendations based on the best possible evidence. These recommendations should be a reference for rheumatologists and those involved in the treatment of patients with axSpA. Methods: Recommendations were drawn up following a nominal group methodology and based on systematic reviews. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were classified according to the model proposed by the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine at Oxford. The level of agreement was established through the Delphi technique. Results: In this review, we did an update of the evaluation of disease activity and treatment objectives. We included the new drugs with approved therapeutic indication for axSpA. We reviewed both the predictive factors of the therapeutic response and progression of radiographic damage. Finally, we drafted some recommendations for the treatment of patients refractory to anti-tumor necrosis factor, as well as for the possible optimization of biological therapy. The document also includes a table of recommendations and a treatment algorithm. Conclusions: We present an update of the SER recommendations for the use of biological therapy in patients with axSpA


Assuntos
Humanos , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Progressão da Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Certolizumab Pegol/administração & dosagem , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores
9.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(6): 367-371, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176030

RESUMO

Objetivo: 1. Describir la información que reciben o buscan los pacientes con espondiloartritis axial y artritis psoriásica. 2. Analizar fórmulas para mejorar la misma. Métodos: Análisis cualitativo del discurso en grupos focales (con pacientes asociados y no asociados y reumatólogos) para identificar los elementos que configuran la realidad estudiada, describir las relaciones entre ellos y sintetizar el resultado mediante: 1)segmentación según criterios temáticos; 2)categorización en función de situaciones, relaciones, opiniones, sentimientos u otras; 3)codificación de las diversas categorías, y 4)interpretación de los resultados. Se diseñaron casilleros tipológicos para asegurar la máxima representatividad de la muestra. Resultados: El reumatólogo es la principal fuente de información. Las asociaciones de pacientes juegan un papel fundamental y son muy bien valoradas. Internet se consulta con mucha cautela por falta de filtro. Son temas de interés las características de la enfermedad y sus tratamientos, pero también la evolución, el pronóstico y las ayudas sociales, administrativas y de otra índole. Se necesita más información (objetiva y constructiva, no catastrofista), que debe darse de forma progresiva y adaptada a las características y necesidades del paciente. Existen áreas de mejora y de oportunidad que incluyen: la estandarización y actualización de contenidos (basados en la evidencia) y la optimización de materiales (escritos, electrónicos) y de otros recursos, como enfermería o atención primaria. Conclusiones: El reumatólogo es la fuente de referencia y de veracidad en relación con la información proporcionada a pacientes con espondiloartritis axial y artritis psoriásica. Se precisan cambios en cuanto al contenido, el formato y las fuentes de información


Objective: 1. To describe the information provided to, or inquired about, by patients with axial spondyloarthritis and psoriatic arthritis. 2. To analyze improvements. Methods: Analysis of the discourse of focus groups (with patients, some of them from patient associations, and rheumatologists). The discussion included the identification of elements that shape the reality being studied, describing the relationship among them and summarizing the results by: 1)thematic segmentation; 2)categorization according to situations, relationships, opinions, feelings or others; 3)coding of the various categories, and 4)interpretation of results. Representativeness was ensured by using a typological framework. Results: Rheumatologists are the main source of information. Patient associations have a fundamental role and are well-regarded. Internet is used with caution due to its limited reliability. Patients are interested in: disease characteristics and treatments, the course and prognosis, and social, administrative and other kinds of support. More information is needed (objective and constructive, avoiding a catastrophic tone); it should be provided progressively, adjusted to patients features and needs. There are areas for improvement including: the standardization and updating of contents (based on scientific evidence), the optimization of informative materials (written, electronic), and other resources such as nursing and primary care. Conclusions: Rheumatologists are the main and most reliable source of information for patients with spondyloarthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Patient associations have an important role and are well-regarded. Changes in the content, format and sources of information are required


Assuntos
Humanos , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Acesso à Informação , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/organização & administração , Grupos Focais , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
10.
Rheumatol Int ; 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426237

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic, inflammatory disease. The effects of PsA real-world treatment patterns on patient-reported outcomes in the US and 5 European countries (EU5; France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK) were evaluated. Respondents from the 2016 National Health and Wellness Survey received advanced therapies (e.g., biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs [DMARDs]), other therapies, (e.g., conventional synthetic DMARDs), or no treatment. Assessments included demographics, disease severity (patient-reported), comorbidities (Charlson Comorbidity Index), health status (Short Form-36 Health Survey), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), work productivity (Work Productivity and Activity Index), and treatment adherence (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8). Overall, 1037 respondents from the US and 947 respondents from the EU5 were included. Of these, 21.7% US and 7.3% EU5 respondents received advanced therapies; 16.6% and 28.5%, other therapies; and 61.7% and 64.2%, no treatment, respectively. During treatment with advanced or other therapies, 40.8-54.7% US and 57.7-58.9% EU5 respondents self-reported moderate or severe PsA. Respondents receiving advanced therapies had the highest Charlson Comorbidity Index score (US, 1.25; EU5, 1.42); the lowest scores were with no treatment (0.52 and 0.49, respectively). Employment was lowest with other therapies (US, 47.7%; EU5, 41.1%). Overall work impairment was reported by 57.9% US and 62.6% EU5 respondents receiving advanced therapies. Medication adherence was generally low in the US and medium in the EU5 (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8: low, US 40.1-46.7%, EU5, 29.0-35.2%; medium, US 29.3-36.1%, EU5 37.8-49.3%; high, US 23.8-24.0%; EU5, 21.7-27.0%). Advanced and other therapies reduced PsA severity; however, > 40% of respondents reported moderate or severe PsA during treatment. Better management and adherence may reduce unmet need and disease burden. Further work is required to improve PsA diagnosis and time to treatment initiation.

11.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281142

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study evaluated the usefulness of an ultrasound technique in assessment of nail changes in 35 patients with psoriatic onychopathy and 25 with nail dystrophy secondary to onychomycosis. All patients underwent 3 examinations: a complete clinical assessment; a nail ultrasound study; and fungal culture. Nails of patients with psoriatic onychopathy presented a thinner nail plate and nail bed, measured by ultrasound, than did those with onychomycosis. The percentage of patients with a power Doppler signal ≥2 at nail bed was significantly higher in psoriatic onychopathy than in onychomycosis, and structural bone lesions were more frequent in psoriatic onychopathy than in onychomycosis. These results suggest that the presence of structural damage and high-power Doppler signal are the main ultrasound findings supporting a diagnosis of psoriatic onychopathy.

12.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30203593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess ultrasound (US) abnormalities in patients with clinical and radiographic features of femoracetabular impingement (FAI) without radiologic osteoarthritis. METHODS: This study included patients aged 50 years or younger with hip pain and clinical and radiographic signs suggestive of FAI but without radiographic hip osteoarthritis. Demographic characteristics, the symptom duration, and the radiologic type of FAI were recorded. Ultrasound examinations assessed for anterior labral abnormalities, osteophytes, bone cortex irregularities, capsular distension, and acetabulofemoral and femoral head-to-neck distances. A balanced group of healthy volunteers was used as control participants. RESULTS: Forty-four patients with FAI were evaluated. Ultrasound changes were found in 93.2% of patients, with 63.6% showing some kind of labral abnormality, 40.9% showing articular cartilage abnormalities, 38.6% showing bone contour irregularities, and 29.5% showing osteophytes. The cartilage width and symptom duration were inferior in patients with a damaged articular surface compared with those without (P = .005 and .012, respectively). Patients showing osteophytes on US examinations were slightly older (P = .048). Patients with cam-type FAI were more frequently male (P = .0001) and younger (P = .022) compared with those who had pincer-type FAI and also had a shorter symptom duration (P < .05). Patients with symptoms for 2 years or less had a shorter femoral cartilage width (P = .027). Femoral head-to-neck distances were shorter in patients compared with controls (P = .0005). Only 1 patient in the control group showed some US abnormality. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound showed detected abnormalities in a significant proportion of patients with symptomatic FAI in early phases of the disease. Additional longitudinal studies are warranted to establish the prognostic importance of these US changes.© 2018 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

13.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus to standardize the use of Spanish terms, abbreviations and acronyms in the field of spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: An international task force comprising all native Spanish-speaking Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) members, the executive committee of Grupo para el estudio de la Espondiloartritis de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (GRESSER), two methodologists, two linguists from the Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España (RANM) and two patients from the Spanish Coordinator of Spondylitis Associations (CEADE) was established. A literature review was performed to identify the conflicting terms/abbreviations/acronyms in SpA. This review examined written sources in Spanish including manuscripts, ICF and ICD, guidelines, recommendations and consensuses. This was followed by a nominal group meeting and a three-round Delphi. The recommendations from the RANM based on the Panhispanic dictionary were followed throughout the process. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for 46 terms, abbreviations or acronyms related to the field of SpA. A Spanish translation was accepted for 6 terms and 6 abbreviations to name or classify the disease, and for 6 terms and 4 abbreviations related to SpA. It was agreed not to translate 15 acronyms into Spanish. However, when mentioning them, it was recommended to follow this structure: type of acronym in Spanish and acronym and expanded form in English. With regard to 7 terms or abbreviations attached to acronyms, it was agreed to translate only the expanded form and a translation was also selected for each of them. CONCLUSIONS: Through this standardization, it is expected to establish a common use of the Spanish nomenclature for SpA. The implementation of this consensus across the community will be of substantial benefit, avoiding misunderstandings and time-consuming processes.

14.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To generate a quality standard for the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We employed qualitative methodology that included: 1) Two focus groups (one with patients with PsA and another with non-rheumatologist specialists involved in the care of PsA patients); 2) A narrative literature review of published documents related to the quality of care in PsA; 3) A nominal group meeting in which 15 expert rheumatologists generated and reached a consensus on a series of quality criteria, as well as formulas or quantifiable objective measures to evaluate them; 4) The Delphi method to establish the feasibility, priority and agreement with the quality criteria; 5) A final generation of standards of care and their attributes. A descriptive analysis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 59 standards of care was generated, 18 of mandatory compliance, grouped into 4 blocks according to specific objectives: 1) early diagnosis (n=6); 2) optimizing the management of the disease (n=26); 3) multidisciplinary collaboration (n=9); 4) monitoring improvement (n=18). To assess compliance with these standards of care, in many cases, the medical records will be reviewed. Other sources will be the records of the service and hospital and bibliographic databases. Regarding the level of compliance, for some of the standards of care this is yes/no; for others, compliance ranges from 50% to 100% and, in this range, in many cases, compliance was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This set of standards of care should help improve quality of care in PsA patients.

15.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(3): 155-159, mayo-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174100

RESUMO

Objetivo. Estandarizar la evaluación clínica de pacientes con espondiloartritis (EspA) axial y artritis psoriásica (APs). Métodos. Estudio cualitativo que incluyó: 1) grupo nominal (18 expertos); 2) revisión de la literatura sobre variables empleadas en la evaluación de los pacientes con EspA axial o APs, y 3) grupo focal con reumatólogos y otro con pacientes con EspA axial o APs para analizar la evaluación de las EspA en las consultas de reumatología. Los expertos seleccionaron las variables a incluir en el cuadro de actuación con base en su relevancia, factibilidad en consulta y método/s de medición. Resultados. El cuadro de actuación incluye las variables para valorar antecedentes personales, exploración física, actividad y función, pruebas complementarias y tratamientos. Detalla factores de riesgo de progresión radiográfica, factores predictores de respuesta a terapia biológica, e incluye variables de excelencia. Conclusiones. Este cuadro de actuación para pacientes con EspA axial y APs podrá ayudar a homogeneizar la práctica clínica diaria y a mejorar el manejo y el pronóstico de estos pacientes


Objective. To standardize clinical evaluation of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a checklist. Methods. Qualitative study that included: 1) nominal group (18 experts); 2) literature reviews of measures used in the assessment of patients with axial SpA or PsA; and 3) focus groups, one with rheumatologists and another with patients, organized to become familiar with their opinion on medical assistance. Taking this into account, the experts selected the measures to be included in the checklist based on their relevance, feasibility, and the outcome type. Results. The checklist includes measures for the evaluation of personal history, physical examination, activity and function, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments. It also defines risk factors of radiographic progression, predictors of the response to biological therapies, and comprises measures of excellence. Conclusions. This checklist for patients with axial SpA and PsA could help standardize daily clinical practice and improve clinical management and patient prognosis


Assuntos
Humanos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Exame Físico/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Prognóstico , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Análise Qualitativa , Projetos , Espondilartrite/terapia , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Análise Estatística
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study whether disease status at treatment initiation has changed after the issue of the ASAS classification criteria. METHODS: REGISPONSERBIO registers patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) on biological treatment since 2013. It includes patients starting biological treatment (incident) or already on biological therapies (prevalent). Patients in both groups were compared in terms of: age at disease onset and at treatment start, disease duration, gender, HLA-B27, body mass index (BMI), BASDAI, BASFI, C-reactive protein, ESR, metrological data, ASQoL, WAPAI, extra-articular manifestations, comorbidities, radiological study, type of biological treatment and concomitant treatments. RESULTS: 256 patients were included, of whom 174 (65%) were already on biologic therapy. Compared to incident patients, prevalent patients started treatment with longer disease duration (15 vs. 8.6 years; p<0.001), a higher proportion of them were men (83% vs. 67%; p=0.01), a smaller proportion of them showed non-radiographic axial spondylarthritis (nr-axSpA)(17% vs. 32%; p<0.01), and a higher proportion had HLAB27 (85% vs. 73%; p=0.02). There were no statistically significant differences in terms of disease activity, degree of disability, quality of life, or prevalence of extra-articular manifestations. CONCLUSIONS: Data suggest that, after the issue of the new classification criteria for SpA, biological therapy is being administered earlier than previously in SpA patients and in a higher proportion of patients with nr-axSpA. However, this change in prescribing profile, apparently, has not caused an over-treatment, as patients do not seem to have a lower disease burden than prior to the issue of the criteria.

17.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: 1) To analyze the implementation of multidisciplinary care models in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients, 2) To define minimum and excellent standards of care. METHODS: A survey was sent to clinicians who already performed multidisciplinary care or were in the process of undertaking it, asking: 1) Type of multidisciplinary care model implemented; 2) Degree, priority and feasibility of the implementation of quality standards in the structure, process and result for care. In 6 regional meetings the results of the survey were presented and discussed, and the ultimate priority of quality standards for care was defined. At a nominal meeting group, 11 experts (rheumatologists and dermatologists) analyzed the results of the survey and the regional meetings. With this information, they defined which standards of care are currently considered as minimum and which are excellent. RESULTS: The simultaneous and parallel models of multidisciplinary care are those most widely implemented, but the implementation of quality standards is highly variable. In terms of structure it ranges from 22% to 74%, in those related to process from 17% to 54% and in the results from 2% to 28%. Of the 25 original quality standards for care, 9 were considered only minimum, 4 were excellent and 12 defined criteria for minimum level and others for excellence. CONCLUSIONS: The definition of minimum and excellent quality standards for care will help achieve the goal of multidisciplinary care for patients with PAs, which is the best healthcare possible.

18.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(6): 1115-1124, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29417210

RESUMO

To define and give priority to standards of care and quality indicators of multidisciplinary care for patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). A systematic literature review on PsA standards of care and quality indicators was performed. An expert panel of rheumatologists and dermatologists who provide multidisciplinary care was established. In a consensus meeting group, the experts discussed and developed the standards of care and quality indicators and graded their priority, agreement and also the feasibility (only for quality indicators) following qualitative methodology and a Delphi process. Afterwards, these results were discussed with 2 focus groups, 1 with patients, another with health managers. A descriptive analysis is presented. We obtained 25 standards of care (9 of structure, 9 of process, 7 of results) and 24 quality indicators (2 of structure, 5 of process, 17 of results). Standards of care include relevant aspects in the multidisciplinary care of PsA patients like an appropriate physical infrastructure and technical equipment, the access to nursing care, labs and imaging techniques, other health professionals and treatments, or the development of care plans. Regarding quality indicators, the definition of multidisciplinary care model objectives and referral criteria, the establishment of responsibilities and coordination among professionals and the active evaluation of patients and data collection were given a high priority. Patients considered all of them as important. This set of standards of care and quality indicators for the multidisciplinary care of patients with PsA should help improve quality of care in these patients.

19.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0191342, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Intraarticular injection is used for pain relief in knee osteoarthritis (OA), but there is not a well defined profile of patient who could get more benefit from it. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of pain relief at one year after corticosteroids intraarticular injection and to identify clinical factors associated to response in patients with knee osteoarthritis with joint effusion. METHODS: One-year prospective cohort study of patients with knee OA with joint effusion confirmed by ultrasound. An intraarticular injection was performed following a clinical protocol. Anthropometric measurements, laboratory parameters, clinical severity, ultrasound parameters and radiological severity were collected. Response regarding pain and presence of synovial fluid on ultrasound at one month and at one year were evaluated. Clinical responder were consider in subjects with enough improvement to carry out normal daily activities with pain VAS<40mm. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-two patients were included.A significant number of patients (61.4%) improved pain at one year following the protocol established in this study. Pain and ultrasound synovial fluid at one month appeared to predict the response at one year. The Lequesne index and the percentage of body fat were independently associated to pain at one year while the Lequesne index and ultrasound synovial hypertrophy were independently related to the presence of synovial fluid at one year. CONCLUSIONS: The status regarding pain or ultrasound synovial fluid at one month after an intraarticular joint injection appeared to predict the status at one year in patients with knee osteoarthritis and synovial effusion.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Manejo da Dor , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Líquido Sinovial/diagnóstico por imagem , Líquido Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Ultrassonografia
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(3): 155-159, 2018 May - Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28284772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To standardize clinical evaluation of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a checklist. METHODS: Qualitative study that included: 1) nominal group (18 experts); 2) literature reviews of measures used in the assessment of patients with axial SpA or PsA; and 3) focus groups, one with rheumatologists and another with patients, organized to become familiar with their opinion on medical assistance. Taking this into account, the experts selected the measures to be included in the checklist based on their relevance, feasibility, and the outcome type. RESULTS: The checklist includes measures for the evaluation of personal history, physical examination, activity and function, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments. It also defines risk factors of radiographic progression, predictors of the response to biological therapies, and comprises measures of excellence. CONCLUSIONS: This checklist for patients with axial SpA and PsA could help standardize daily clinical practice and improve clinical management and patient prognosis.

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