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1.
Anal Chem ; 93(41): 13791-13799, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606255

RESUMO

Parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) has emerged as a popular approach for targeted protein quantification. With high ion utilization efficiency and first-in-class acquisition speed, the timsTOF Pro provides a powerful platform for PRM analysis. However, sporadic chromatographic drift in peptide retention time represents a fundamental limitation for the reproducible multiplexing of targets across PRM acquisitions. Here, we present PRM-LIVE, an extensible, Python-based acquisition engine for the timsTOF Pro, which dynamically adjusts detection windows for reproducible target scheduling. In this initial implementation, we used iRT peptides as retention time standards and demonstrated reproducible detection and quantification of 1857 tryptic peptides from the cell lysate in a 60 min PRM-LIVE acquisition. As an application in functional proteomics, we use PRM-LIVE in an activity-based protein profiling platform to assess binding selectivity of small-molecule inhibitors against 220 endogenous human kinases.

2.
Nat Rev Cancer ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675395

RESUMO

Accurate control of gene expression is essential for normal development and dysregulation of transcription underpins cancer onset and progression. Similar to cell cycle regulation, RNA polymerase II-driven transcription can be considered as a unidirectional multistep cycle, with thousands of unique transcription cycles occurring in concert within each cell. Each transcription cycle comprises recruitment, initiation, pausing, elongation, termination and recycling stages that are tightly controlled by the coordinated action of transcriptional cyclin-dependent kinases and their cognate cyclins as well as the opposing activity of transcriptional phosphatases. Oncogenic dysregulation of transcription can entail defective control of gene expression, either at select loci or more globally, impacting a large proportion of the genome. The resultant dependency on the core-transcriptional machinery is believed to render 'transcriptionally addicted' cancers sensitive to perturbation of transcription. Based on these findings, small molecules targeting transcriptional cyclin-dependent kinases and associated proteins hold promise for the treatment of cancer. Here, we utilize the transcription cycles concept to explain how dysregulation of these finely tuned gene expression processes may drive tumorigenesis and how therapeutically beneficial responses may arise from global or selective transcriptional perturbation. This conceptual framework helps to explain tumour-selective transcriptional dependencies and facilitates the rational design of combination therapies.

3.
Cancer Discov ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544752

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), represent a major therapeutic vulnerability for breast cancer. The kinases are clinically targeted via ATP competitive inhibitors (CDK4/6i); however, drug resistance commonly emerges over time. To understand CDK4/6i resistance, we surveyed over 1,300 breast cancers and identify several genetic alterations (e.g. FAT1, PTEN or ARID1A loss) converging on upregulation of CDK6. Mechanistically, we demonstrate CDK6 causes resistance by inducing and binding CDK inhibitor INK4 proteins (e.g. p18INK4C). In vitro binding and kinase assays together with physical modeling reveal that the p18INK4C/D-cyclin/CDK6 complex occludes CDK4/6i binding while only weakly suppressing ATP binding. Suppression of INK4 expression or its binding to CDK6 restores CDK4/6i sensitivity. To overcome this constraint, we developed bifunctional degraders conjugating palbociclib with E3 ligands. Two resulting lead compounds potently degraded CDK4/6, leading to substantial antitumor effects in vivo, demonstrating the promising therapeutic potential for retargeting CDK4/6 despite CDK4/6i resistance.

4.
Cell ; 184(18): 4753-4771.e27, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388391

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by notorious resistance to current therapies attributed to inherent tumor heterogeneity and highly desmoplastic and immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Unique proline isomerase Pin1 regulates multiple cancer pathways, but its role in the TME and cancer immunotherapy is unknown. Here, we find that Pin1 is overexpressed both in cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and correlates with poor survival in PDAC patients. Targeting Pin1 using clinically available drugs induces complete elimination or sustained remissions of aggressive PDAC by synergizing with anti-PD-1 and gemcitabine in diverse model systems. Mechanistically, Pin1 drives the desmoplastic and immunosuppressive TME by acting on CAFs and induces lysosomal degradation of the PD-1 ligand PD-L1 and the gemcitabine transporter ENT1 in cancer cells, besides activating multiple cancer pathways. Thus, Pin1 inhibition simultaneously blocks multiple cancer pathways, disrupts the desmoplastic and immunosuppressive TME, and upregulates PD-L1 and ENT1, rendering PDAC eradicable by immunochemotherapy.

5.
RSC Med Chem ; 12(8): 1381-1390, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458741

RESUMO

Targeted protein degradation represents a rapidly growing area in drug discovery and development. Moreover, small molecules that induce the targeted degradation of a given protein also represent an important addition to the chemical probes toolbox as these compounds can achieve selective protein knockdown, thus providing an approach that is orthogonal to genetic knockdowns. In order to develop degradation-inducing chemical probes for studying cereblon (CRBN) biology, we generated six CRBN-CRBN (homo-PROTAC) degraders and six CRBN-VHL (hetero-PROTAC) degraders. From these compounds we identified two potent and selective CRBN degraders (ZXH-4-130 and ZXH-4-137), both of which are CRBN-VHL compounds. We characterized these lead degraders by quantitative proteomics in five cell lines (MM1.S, Kelly, SK-N-DZ, HEK293T, and MOLT-4) and observed high selectivity for CRBN in all cell lines. Furthermore, we directly compared our compounds to current lead CRBN degraders and demonstrated how these probes can be used as chemical knockdown reagents for studying CRBN-dependent processes. Overall, our work provides a roadmap for thorough degrader characterization by combination western and proteomic analysis, as illustrated by the identification of ZXH-4-130 and ZXH-4-137 as CRBN-knockdown tool compounds suitable for cell-based studies.

6.
RSC Chem Biol ; 2(2): 354-367, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458789

RESUMO

Targeted covalent inhibitors have regained widespread attention in drug discovery and have emerged as powerful tools for basic biomedical research. Fueled by considerable improvements in mass spectrometry sensitivity and sample processing, chemoproteomic strategies have revealed thousands of proteins that can be covalently modified by reactive small molecules. Fragment-based drug discovery, which has traditionally been used in a target-centric fashion, is now being deployed on a proteome-wide scale thereby expanding its utility to both the discovery of novel covalent ligands and their cognate protein targets. This powerful approach is allowing 'high-throughput' serendipitous discovery of cryptic pockets leading to the identification of pharmacological modulators of proteins previously viewed as "undruggable". The reactive fragment toolkit has been enabled by recent advances in the development of new chemistries that target residues other than cysteine including lysine and tyrosine. Here, we review the emerging area of covalent fragment-based ligand discovery, which integrates the benefits of covalent targeting and fragment-based medicinal chemistry. We discuss how the two strategies synergize to facilitate the efficient discovery of new pharmacological modulators of established and new therapeutic target proteins.

7.
RSC Chem Biol ; 2(2): 670-671, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459829

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1039/D0CB00222D.].

8.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 12(8): 1302-1307, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413960

RESUMO

Ligand-directed bioconjugation strategies have been used for selective protein labeling in live cells or tissue samples in applications such as live-cell imaging. Here we hypothesized that a similar strategy could be used for targeted protein degradation. To test this possibility, we developed a series of CDK2-targeting N-acyl-N-alkylsulfonamide (NASA)-containing acylation probes. The probes featured three components: a CDK2 homing ligand, a CRL4CRBN E3 ligase recruiting ligand, and a NASA functionality. We determined that upon target binding, NASA-mediated reaction resulted in selective functionalization of Lys89 on purified or native CDK2. However, we were unable to observe CDK2 degradation, which is in contrast to the efficient degradation achieved by the use of a structurally similar reversible bivalent degrader. Our analysis suggests that the lack of degradation is due to the failure to form a productive CDK2:CRBN complex. Therefore, although this work demonstrates that NASA chemistry can be used for protein labeling, whether this strategy could enable efficient protein degradation remains an open question.

9.
Cancer Cell ; 39(9): 1262-1278.e7, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329586

RESUMO

Fusion-transcription factors (fusion-TFs) represent a class of driver oncoproteins that are difficult to therapeutically target. Recently, protein degradation has emerged as a strategy to target these challenging oncoproteins. The mechanisms that regulate fusion-TF stability, however, are generally unknown. Using CRISPR-Cas9 screening, we discovered tripartite motif-containing 8 (TRIM8) as an E3 ubiquitin ligase that ubiquitinates and degrades EWS/FLI, a driver fusion-TF in Ewing sarcoma. Moreover, we identified TRIM8 as a selective dependency in Ewing sarcoma compared with >700 other cancer cell lines. Mechanistically, TRIM8 knockout led to an increase in EWS/FLI protein levels that was not tolerated. EWS/FLI acts as a neomorphic substrate for TRIM8, defining the selective nature of the dependency. Our results demonstrate that fusion-TF protein stability is tightly regulated and highlight fusion oncoprotein-specific regulators as selective therapeutic targets. This study provides a tractable strategy to therapeutically exploit oncogene overdose in Ewing sarcoma and potentially other fusion-TF-driven cancers.

10.
Elife ; 102021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160349

RESUMO

Bone formation and resorption are typically coupled, such that the efficacy of anabolic osteoporosis treatments may be limited by bone destruction. The multi-kinase inhibitor YKL-05-099 potently inhibits salt inducible kinases (SIKs) and may represent a promising new class of bone anabolic agents. Here, we report that YKL-05-099 increases bone formation in hypogonadal female mice without increasing bone resorption. Postnatal mice with inducible, global deletion of SIK2 and SIK3 show increased bone mass, increased bone formation, and, distinct from the effects of YKL-05-099, increased bone resorption. No cell-intrinsic role of SIKs in osteoclasts was noted. In addition to blocking SIKs, YKL-05-099 also binds and inhibits CSF1R, the receptor for the osteoclastogenic cytokine M-CSF. Modeling reveals that YKL-05-099 binds to SIK2 and CSF1R in a similar manner. Dual targeting of SIK2/3 and CSF1R induces bone formation without concomitantly increasing bone resorption and thereby may overcome limitations of most current anabolic osteoporosis therapies.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea/genética , Osteogênese/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Receptores de Fator Estimulador das Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/genética , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Receptores de Fator Estimulador das Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo
11.
Blood ; 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132782

RESUMO

Activating mutations in MYD88 promote malignant cell growth and survival through HCK mediated BTK activation. Ibrutinib binds to BTKCys481 and is active in B-cell malignancies driven by mutated MYD88. Mutations in BTKCys481 particularly BTKCys481Ser are common in patients with acquired ibrutinib resistance. We therefore performed an extensive medicinal chemistry campaign and identified KIN-8194 as a novel dual inhibitor of HCK and BTK. KIN-8194 showed potent and selective in vitro killing of MYD88 mutated lymphoma cells, including ibrutinib resistant BTKCys481Ser expressing cells. KIN-8194 demonstrated excellent bioavailability and pharmacokinetic parameters, with good tolerance in rodent models at pharmacologically achievable and active doses. Pharmacodynamic studies showed sustained HCK and BTK inhibition for 24 hours following single oral administration of KIN-8194 in MYD88 mutated TMD-8 ABC DLBCL xenografted mice with either wild-type BTK (BTKWT) or BTKCys481Ser expressing tumors. KIN-8194 showed superior survival benefit over ibrutinib in both BTKWT and BTKCys481Ser expressing TMD-8 DLBCL xenografted mice, including sustained complete responses >12 weeks off treatment in mice with BTKWT expressing TMD-8 tumors. The Bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax enhanced the anti-tumor activity of KIN-8194 in BTKWT and BTKCys481Ser expressing MYD88 mutated lymphoma cells, and markedly reduced tumor growth and prolonged survival in mice with BTKCys481Ser expressing TMD-8 tumors treated with both drugs. The findings highlight the feasibility of targeting HCK, a key driver of mutated MYD88 pro-survival signaling, and provide a framework for the advancement of KIN-8194 for human studies in B-cell malignancies driven by HCK and BTK.

12.
Mol Cell Biol ; 41(9): e0008521, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34124936

RESUMO

Immune health requires innate and adaptive immune cells to engage precisely balanced pro- and anti-inflammatory forces. We employ the concept of chemical immunophenotypes to classify small molecules functionally or mechanistically according to their patterns of effects on primary innate and adaptive immune cells. The high-specificity, low-toxicity cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (CDK8) inhibitor 16-didehydro-cortistatin A (DCA) exerts a distinct tolerogenic profile in both innate and adaptive immune cells. DCA promotes regulatory T cells (Treg) and Th2 differentiation while inhibiting Th1 and Th17 differentiation in both murine and human cells. This unique chemical immunophenotype led to mechanistic studies showing that DCA promotes Treg differentiation in part by regulating a previously undescribed CDK8-GATA3-FOXP3 pathway that regulates early pathways of Foxp3 expression. These results highlight previously unappreciated links between Treg and Th2 differentiation and extend our understanding of the transcription factors that regulate Treg differentiation and their temporal sequencing. These findings have significant implications for future mechanistic and translational studies of CDK8 and CDK8 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Quinase 8 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/metabolismo , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Tolerância Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunofenotipagem , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 8 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10093, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980892

RESUMO

Janus Kinases (JAKs) have emerged as an important drug target for the treatment of a number of immune disorders due to the central role that they play in cytokine signalling. 4 isoforms of JAKs exist in mammalian cells and the ideal isoform profile of a JAK inhibitor has been the subject of much debate. JAK3 has been proposed as an ideal target due to its expression being largely restricted to the immune system and its requirement for signalling by cytokine receptors using the common γ-chain. Unlike other JAKs, JAK3 possesses a cysteine in its ATP binding pocket and this has allowed the design of isoform selective covalent JAK3 inhibitors targeting this residue. We report here that mutating this cysteine to serine does not prevent JAK3 catalytic activity but does greatly increase the IC50 for covalent JAK3 inhibitors. Mice with a Cys905Ser knockin mutation in the endogenous JAK3 gene are viable and show no apparent welfare issues. Cells from these mice show normal STAT phosphorylation in response to JAK3 dependent cytokines but are resistant to the effects of covalent JAK3 inhibitors. These mice therefore provide a chemical-genetic model to study JAK3 function.

15.
Cancer Discov ; 11(10): 2564-2581, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941591

RESUMO

CDK4/6 inhibitors are approved to treat breast cancer and are in trials for other malignancies. We examined CDK4/6 inhibition in mouse and human CD8+ T cells during early stages of activation. Mice receiving tumor-specific CD8+ T cells treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors displayed increased T-cell persistence and immunologic memory. CDK4/6 inhibition upregulated MXD4, a negative regulator of MYC, in both mouse and human CD8+ T cells. Silencing of Mxd4 or Myc in mouse CD8+ T cells demonstrated the importance of this axis for memory formation. We used single-cell transcriptional profiling and T-cell receptor clonotype tracking to evaluate recently activated human CD8+ T cells in patients with breast cancer before and during treatment with either palbociclib or abemaciclib. CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy in humans increases the frequency of CD8+ memory precursors and downregulates their expression of MYC target genes, suggesting that CDK4/6 inhibitors in patients with cancer may augment long-term protective immunity. SIGNIFICANCE: CDK4/6 inhibition skews newly activated CD8+ T cells toward a memory phenotype in mice and humans with breast cancer. CDK4/6 inhibitors may have broad utility outside breast cancer, particularly in the neoadjuvant setting to augment CD8+ T-cell priming to tumor antigens prior to dosing with checkpoint blockade.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 2355.

16.
Nat Chem Biol ; 17(9): 954-963, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972797

RESUMO

The peptidyl-prolyl isomerase, Pin1, is exploited in cancer to activate oncogenes and inactivate tumor suppressors. However, despite considerable efforts, Pin1 has remained an elusive drug target. Here, we screened an electrophilic fragment library to identify covalent inhibitors targeting Pin1's active site Cys113, leading to the development of Sulfopin, a nanomolar Pin1 inhibitor. Sulfopin is highly selective, as validated by two independent chemoproteomics methods, achieves potent cellular and in vivo target engagement and phenocopies Pin1 genetic knockout. Pin1 inhibition had only a modest effect on cancer cell line viability. Nevertheless, Sulfopin induced downregulation of c-Myc target genes, reduced tumor progression and conferred survival benefit in murine and zebrafish models of MYCN-driven neuroblastoma, and in a murine model of pancreatic cancer. Our results demonstrate that Sulfopin is a chemical probe suitable for assessment of Pin1-dependent pharmacology in cells and in vivo, and that Pin1 warrants further investigation as a potential cancer drug target.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Peptidilprolil Isomerase de Interação com NIMA/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Peptidilprolil Isomerase de Interação com NIMA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Proteomics ; 21(13-14): e2000098, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991177

RESUMO

Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) is a putative cancer stem cell marker, a promising diagnostic and prognostic maker for malignant tumors and a proposed driver gene for gastric cancer (GC). DCLK1 overexpression in a majority of solid cancers correlates with lymph node metastases, advanced disease and overall poor-prognosis. In cancer cells, DCLK1 expression has been shown to promote epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), driving disruption of cell-cell adhesion, cell migration and invasion. Here, we report that DCLK1 influences small extracellular vesicle (sEV/exosome) biogenesis in a kinase-dependent manner. sEVs isolated from DCLK1 overexpressing human GC cell line MKN1 (MKN1OE -sEVs), promote the migration of parental (non-transfected) MKN1 cells (MKN1PAR ). Quantitative proteome analysis of MKN1OE -sEVs revealed enrichment in migratory and adhesion regulators (STRAP, CORO1B, BCAM, COL3A, CCN1) in comparison to MKN1PAR -sEVs. Moreover, using DCLK1-IN-1, a specific small molecule inhibitor of DCLK1, we reversed the increase in sEV size and concentration in contrast to other EV subtypes, as well as kinase-dependent cargo selection of proteins involved in EV biogenesis (KTN1, CHMP1A, MYO1G) and migration and adhesion processes (STRAP, CCN1). Our findings highlight a specific role of DCLK1-kinase dependent cargo selection for sEVs and shed new light on its role as a regulator of signaling in gastric tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Neoplasias Gástricas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteínas de Membrana , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Fenótipo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular
18.
Nat Chem Biol ; 17(6): 711-717, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035522

RESUMO

The zinc-finger transcription factor Helios is critical for maintaining the identity, anergic phenotype and suppressive activity of regulatory T (Treg) cells. While it is an attractive target to enhance the efficacy of currently approved immunotherapies, no existing approaches can directly modulate Helios activity or abundance. Here, we report the structure-guided development of small molecules that recruit the E3 ubiquitin ligase substrate receptor cereblon to Helios, thereby promoting its degradation. Pharmacological Helios degradation destabilized the anergic phenotype and reduced the suppressive activity of Treg cells, establishing a route towards Helios-targeting therapeutics. More generally, this study provides a framework for the development of small-molecule degraders for previously unligandable targets by reprogramming E3 ligase substrate specificity.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Células Jurkat , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Mutação/genética , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , Especificidade por Substrato , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 221: 113481, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945934

RESUMO

Development of inhibitors targeting CDK12/13 is of increasing interest as a potential therapy for cancers as these compounds inhibit transcription of DNA damage response (DDR) genes. We previously described THZ531, a covalent inhibitor with selectivity for CDK12/13. In order to elucidate structure-activity relationship (SAR), we have undertaken a medicinal chemistry campaign and established a focused library of THZ531 analogs. Among these analogs, BSJ-01-175 demonstrates exquisite selectivity, potent inhibition of RNA polymerase II phosphorylation, and downregulation of CDK12-targeted genes in cancer cells. A 3.0 Å co-crystal structure with CDK12/CycK provides a structural rational for selective targeting of Cys1039 located in a C-terminal extension from the kinase domain. With moderate pharmacokinetic properties, BSJ-01-175 exhibits efficacy against an Ewing sarcoma tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mouse model following 10 mg/kg once a day, intraperitoneal administration. Taken together, BSJ-01-175 represents the first selective CDK12/13 covalent inhibitor with in vivo efficacy reported to date.


Assuntos
Anilidas/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase CDC2/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/antagonistas & inibidores , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Anilidas/síntese química , Anilidas/química , Animais , Proteína Quinase CDC2/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/química , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(29): 15905-15911, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915015

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of FGFR signaling occurs in many cancers, and ATP-competitive FGFR inhibitors have received regulatory approval. Despite demonstrating clinical efficacy, these inhibitors exhibit dose-limiting toxicity, potentially due to a lack of selectivity amongst the FGFR family and are poorly tolerated. Here, we report the discovery and characterization of DGY-09-192, a bivalent degrader that couples the pan-FGFR inhibitor BGJ398 to a CRL2VHL E3 ligase recruiting ligand, which preferentially induces FGFR1&2 degradation while largely sparing FGFR3&4. DGY-09-192 exhibited two-digit nanomolar DC50 s for both wildtype FGFR2 and several FGFR2-fusions, resulting in degradation-dependent antiproliferative activity in representative gastric cancer and cholangiocarcinoma cells. Importantly, DGY-09-192 induced degradation of a clinically relevant FGFR2 fusion protein in a xenograft model. Taken together, we demonstrate that DGY-09-192 has potential as a prototype FGFR degrader.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos
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