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Nano Lett ; 22(14): 5715-5722, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820103


Made of a thin non-superconducting metal (N) sandwiched by two superconductors (S), SNS Josephson junctions enable novel quantum functionalities by mixing up the intrinsic electronic properties of N with the superconducting correlations induced from S by proximity. Electronic properties of these devices are governed by Andreev quasiparticles (Andreev, A. Sov. Phys. JETP 1965, 20, 1490) which are absent in conventional SIS junctions whose insulating barrier (I) between the two S electrodes owns no electronic states. Here we focus on the Josephson vortex (JV) motion inside Nb-Cu-Nb proximity junctions subject to electric currents and magnetic fields. The results of local (magnetic force microscopy) and global (transport) experiments provided simultaneously are compared with our numerical model, revealing the existence of several distinct dynamic regimes of the JV motion. One of them, identified as a fast hysteretic entry/escape below the critical value of Josephson current, is analyzed and suggested for low-dissipative logic and memory elements.

J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(51): 12196-12201, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918928


Lateral Josephson junctions (LJJ) made of two superconducting Nb electrodes coupled by Cu-film are applied to quantify the stray magnetic field of Co-coated cantilevers used in magnetic force microscopy (MFM). The interaction of the magnetic cantilever with LJJ is reflected in the electronic response of LJJ as well as in the phase shift of cantilever oscillations, simultaneously measured. The phenomenon is theorized and used to establish the spatial map of the stray field. Based on our findings, we suggest integrating LJJs directly on the tips of cantilevers and using them as nanosensors of local magnetic fields in scanning probe microscopes. Such probes are less invasive than conventional magnetic MFM cantilevers and simpler to realize than SQUID-on-tip sensors.

Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4009, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488813


Josephson vortices play an essential role in superconducting quantum electronics devices. Often seen as purely conceptual topological objects, 2π-phase singularities, their observation and manipulation are challenging. Here we show that in Superconductor-Normal metal-Superconductor lateral junctions Josephson vortices have a peculiar magnetic fingerprint that we reveal in Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) experiments. Based on this discovery, we demonstrate the possibility of the Josephson vortex generation and manipulation by the magnetic tip of a MFM, thus paving a way for the remote inspection and control of individual nano-components of superconducting quantum circuits.

Sci Adv ; 4(7): eaat1061, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027117


The interplay between superconductivity and magnetism is one of the oldest enigmas in physics. Usually, the strong exchange field of ferromagnet suppresses singlet superconductivity via the paramagnetic effect. In EuFe2(As0.79P0.21)2, a material that becomes not only superconducting at 24.2 K but also ferromagnetic below 19 K, the coexistence of the two antagonistic phenomena becomes possible because of the unusually weak exchange field produced by the Eu subsystem. We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that when the ferromagnetism adds to superconductivity, the Meissner state becomes spontaneously inhomogeneous, characterized by a nanometer-scale striped domain structure. At yet lower temperature and without any externally applied magnetic field, the system locally generates quantum vortex-antivortex pairs and undergoes a phase transition into a domain vortex-antivortex state characterized by much larger domains and peculiar Turing-like patterns. We develop a quantitative theory of this phenomenon and put forth a new way to realize superconducting superlattices and control the vortex motion in ferromagnetic superconductors by tuning magnetic domains-unprecedented opportunity to consider for advanced superconducting hybrids.