Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 36
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Eur Radiol ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the comparative prognostic value of mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) versus left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). METHODS: CMR was performed in 255 STEMI patients within 2 days (interquartile range (IQR) 2-4 days) after infarction. CMR included MAPSE measurement on CINE 4-chamber view. Patients were followed for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)-death, non-fatal myocardial re-infarction, stroke, and new congestive heart failure. RESULTS: Patients with MACE (n = 35, 14%, median follow-up 3 years [IQR 1-4 years]) showed significantly lower MAPSE (8 mm [7-8.8] vs. 9.6 mm [8.1-11.5], p < 0.001). The association between decreased MAPSE (< 9 mm, optimal cut-off value by c-statistics) remained significant after adjustment for independent clinical and CMR predictors of MACE. The AUC of MAPSE for the prediction of MACE was 0.74 (CI 95% 0.65-0.82), significantly higher than that of LVEF (0.61 [CI 95% 0.50-0.71]; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced long-axis function assessed with MAPSE measurement using CINE CMR independently predicts long-term prognosis following STEMI. Moreover, MAPSE provided significantly higher prognostic implication in comparison with conventional LVEF measurement. KEY POINTS: • MAPSE determined by CMR independently predicts long-term prognosis following STEMI. • MACE-free survival is significantly higher in patients with MAPSE ≥ 9 mm than < 9 mm. • MAPSE provides significantly higher prognostic implication than conventional LVEF.

2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401672

RESUMO

AIMS: In the placebo-controlled, double-blind BOne marrOw transfer to enhance ST-elevation infarct regeneration (BOOST) 2 trial, intracoronary autologous bone marrow cell (BMC) transfer did not improve recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 6 months in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and moderately reduced LVEF. Regional myocardial perfusion as determined by adenosine stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (S-CMR) may be more sensitive than global LVEF in detecting BMC treatment effects. Here, we sought to evaluate (i) the changes of myocardial perfusion in the infarct area over time (ii) the effects of BMC therapy on infarct perfusion, and (iii) the relation of infarct perfusion to LVEF recovery at 6 months. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 51 patients from BOOST-2 (placebo, n = 10; BMC, n = 41), S-CMR was performed 5.1 ± 2.9 days after PCI (before placebo/BMC treatment) and after 6 months. Infarct perfusion improved from baseline to 6 months in the overall patient cohort as reflected by the semi-quantitative parameters, perfusion defect-infarct size ratio (change from 0.54 ± 0.20 to 0.43 ± 0.22; P = 0.006) and perfusion defect-upslope ratio (0.54 ± 0.23 to 0.68 ± 0.22; P < 0.001), irrespective of randomised treatment. Perfusion defect-upslope ratio at baseline correlated with LVEF recovery (r = 0.62; P < 0.001) after 6 months, with a threshold of 0.54 providing the best sensitivity (79%) and specificity (74%) (area under the curve, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.67-0.92). CONCLUSION: Infarct perfusion improves from baseline to 6 months and predicts LVEF recovery in STEMI patients undergoing early PCI. Intracoronary BMC therapy did not enhance infarct perfusion in the BOOST-2 trial.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(12): e012429, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181983

RESUMO

Background Acute complete occlusion of a coronary artery results in progressive ischemia, moving from the endocardium to the epicardium (ie, wavefront). Dependent on time to reperfusion and collateral flow, myocardial infarction ( MI ) will manifest, with transmural MI portending poor prognosis. Late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging can detect MI with  high diagnostic accuracy. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is the preferred reperfusion strategy in patients with ST -segment-elevation MI with <12 hours of symptom onset. We sought to visualize time-dependent necrosis in a population with ST -segment-elevation MI by using late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (STEMI-SCAR project). Methods and Results ST -segment-elevation MI patients with single-vessel disease, complete occlusion with TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) score 0, absence of collateral flow (Rentrop score 0), and symptom onset <12 hours were consecutively enrolled. Using late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, the area at risk and infarct size, myocardial salvage index, transmurality index, and transmurality grade (0-50%, 51-75%, 76-100%) were determined. In total, 164 patients (aged 54±11 years, 80% male) were included. A receiver operating characteristic curve (area under the curve: 0.81) indicating transmural necrosis revealed the best diagnostic cutoff for a symptom-to-balloon time of 121 minutes: patients with >121 minutes demonstrated increased infarct size, transmurality index, and transmurality grade (all P<0.01) and decreased myocardial salvage index ( P<0.001) versus patients with symptom-to-balloon times ≤121 minutes. Conclusions In MI with no residual antegrade and no collateral flow, immediate reperfusion is vital. A symptom-to-balloon time of >121 minutes causes a high grade of transmural necrosis. In this pure ST -segment-elevation MI population, time to reperfusion to salvage myocardium was less than suggested by current guidelines.

4.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 21(1): 33, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenosine is used in stress perfusion cardiac imaging to reveal myocardial ischemia by its vasodilator effects. Caffeine is a competitive antagonist of adenosine. However, previous studies reported inconsistent results about the influence of caffeine on adenosine's vasodilator effect. This study assessed the impact of caffeine on the myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) using adenosine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Moreover, we sought to evaluate if the splenic switch-off sign might be indicative of prior caffeine consumption. METHODS: Semiquantitative perfusion analysis was performed in 25 patients who underwent: 1) caffeine-naïve adenosine stress CMR demonstrating myocardial ischemia and, 2) repeat adenosine stress CMR after intake of caffeine. MPRI (global; remote and ischemic segments), and splenic perfusion ratio (SPR) were assessed and compared between both exams. RESULTS: Global MPRI after caffeine was lower vs. caffeine-naïve conditions (1.09 ± 0.19 vs. 1.24 ± 0.19; p <  0.01). MPRI in remote myocardium decreased by caffeine (1.24 ± 0.19 vs. 1.49 ± 0.19; p <  0.001) whereas MPRI in ischemic segments (0.89 ± 0.18 vs. 0.95 ± 0.23; p = 0.23) was similar, resulting in a lower MPRI ratio (=remote/ischemic segments) after caffeine consumption vs. caffeine-naïve conditions (1.41 ± 0.19 vs. 1.64 ± 0.35, p = 0.01). The SPR was unaffected by caffeine (SPR 0.38 ± 0.19 vs. 0.38 ± 0.18; p = 0.92). CONCLUSION: Caffeine consumption prior to adenosine stress CMR results in a lower global MPRI, which is driven by the decreased MPRI in remote myocardium and underlines the need of abstinence from caffeine. The splenic switch-off sign is not affected by prior caffeine intake.

5.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(3): 222-231, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic performance of adenosine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for the detection of significant stenosis in infarct-related arteries is widely unknown. Two different types of perfusion defects can be observed: (a) larger than or (b) equal size as scar.We hypothesized that: (a) defect>scar predicts significant coronary stenosis, and (b) defect=scar predicts an unobstructed infarct-related artery, and (c) angina symptoms might be of additional value in stratification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with previous myocardial infarction referred for work-up of myocardial ischemia undergoing adenosine stress CMR were included if they had coronary angiography within 4 weeks of CMR. RESULTS: Two hundred patients with a mean age of 66±11 years, ischemic scars (subendocardial/transmural), and a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 53% were included. In patients with defect>scar, the positive predictive value was excellent (88%) and typical angina was reported only in the stenosis group (P=0.002). However, patients with defect=scar (with 50% showing subendocardial scar) had a prevalence of 37% for stenosis, yielding a low negative predictive value of 63%. In this group, symptoms of typical angina were independent of stenosis (P=1.0). CONCLUSION: A perfusion defect larger than scar is highly predictive for significant stenosis in infarct-related arteries. However, more than a third of the patients with perfusion defect of equal size as scar also showed significant coronary stenosis. As half of these patients showed still viable (subendocardial) scars, there is a high-risk of reinfarction. The addition of angina symptoms seems to increase diagnostic accuracy only in patients with perfusion defects larger than scar.

6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 15, 2019 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report a case of hantavirus-induced myocarditis in a young adult. Hantavirus showed a rapid increase of infections in the year 2017. Only scarce data is available about potential myocardial involvement in hantavirus infections. With ECG and echocardiography providing often inconclusive results, a multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance protocol with distinct myocardial tissue characterization seems to be the adequate tool for detecting even slight myocardial alterations. CASE PRESENTATION: This case started with the presentation of young adult suffering from headache and abdominal pain. Thrombocytes were decreased, creatinine was elevated, and there was massive proteinuria. Puumala virus IgG ELISA turned out to be positive, and specific antibodies (IgG and IgM) could be detected in the serum, and confirmed by immunoassay. The patient was admitted to the nephrology department for supportive therapy. Few days later, the patient reported chest pain and dyspnea. High sensitivity troponin I rose up to 0.32 µg/l (normal range below 0.04 µg/l) with an increase of the creatinkinase to 319 U/l (normal max. 190 U/l), no dynamic ECG changes could be observed. Echocardiography revealed a normal left ventricular function without regional wall motion abnormalities, no pericardial effusion or valve abnormalities, coronary artery disease could be excluded by computed tomography. A multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance protocol including recent mapping techniques confirmed myocardial involvement induced by acute hantavirus infection. In the next few weeks, the patient's state of health rapidly improved and symptoms of chest pain and dyspnea disappeared. Follow up multiparametric CMR exam showed substantial decrease of the previously observed myocardial alterations during acute hantavirus infection suggesting myocardial healing. CONCLUSIONS: This case demonstrates that a CMR protocol including recent mapping techniques and established late gadolinium enhancement technique is an adequate non-invasive tool for both 1) initial detection, and 2) follow up of patients with hantavirus-induced myocarditis, which might be more common than previously known.


Assuntos
Infecções por Hantavirus/complicações , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/virologia , Adulto , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Dor no Peito/virologia , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Infecções por Hantavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
Front Neurol ; 9: 823, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30337904

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac myxoma (CM) is the most frequent, cardiac benign tumor and is associated with enhanced risk for cerebrovascular events (CVE). Although surgical CM excision is the only curative treatment to prevent CVE recurrence, in recent reports conservative treatment with antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents in high-risk patients with CM-related CVE has been discussed. Methods: Case records at the University Hospital of Tübingen between 2005 and 2017 were screened to identify patients with CM-related CVE. Clinical features, brain and cardiac imaging findings, histological reports, applied treatments and long-term neurological outcomes were assessed. Results: 52 patients with CM were identified and among them, 13 patients with transient ischemic attack, ischemic stroke or retinal ischemia were included to the (to our knowledge) largest reported retrospective study of CM-related CVE. In all identified patients, CVE was the first manifestation of CM; 61% suffered ischemic stroke, 23% transient ischemic attack and 15% retinal ischemia. In 46% of the patients, CVE occurred under antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment, while 23% of the patients developed recurrent CVE under bridging-antithrombotic-therapy prior to CM surgical excision. Prolonged time interval between CVE and CM-surgery was significantly associated with CVE recurrence (p = 0.021). One patient underwent i.v. thrombolysis, followed by thrombectomy, with good post-interventional outcome and no signs of hemorrhagic transformation. Discussion: Our results suggest that antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment is no alternative to cardiac surgery in patients presenting with CM-related CVE. We found significantly prolonged time-intervals between CVE and CM surgery in patients with recurrent CVE. Therefore, we suggest that the waiting- or bridging-interval with antithrombotic therapy until curative CM excision should be kept as short as possible. Based on our data and review of the literature, we suggest that in patients with CM-related CVE, i.v. thrombolysis and/or endovascular interventions may present safe and efficacious acute treatments.

8.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 19(1): 103, 2017 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29254482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenosine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can detect significant coronary artery stenoses with high diagnostic accuracy. Caffeine is a nonselective competitive inhibitor of adenosine2A-receptors, which might hamper the vasodilator effect of adenosine stress, potentially yielding false-negative results. Much controversy exists about the influence of caffeine on adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging. Our study sought to investigate the effects of caffeine on ischemia detection in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing adenosine stress CMR. METHODS: Thirty patients with evidence of myocardial ischemia on caffeine-naïve adenosine stress CMR were prospectively enrolled and underwent repeat adenosine stress CMR after intake of 200 mg caffeine. Both CMR exams were then compared for evaluation of ischemic burden. RESULTS: Despite intake of caffeine, no conversion of a positive to a negative stress study occurred on a per patient basis. Although we found significant lower ischemic burden in CMR exams with caffeine compared to caffeine-naïve CMR exams, absolute differences varied only slightly (1 segment based on a 16-segment model, 3 segments on a 60-segment model, and 1 ml in total ischemic myocardial volume, p < 0.001 each). Moreover, no relevant ischemia (≥2 segments in a 16-segment model) was missed by prior ingestion of caffeine. CONCLUSIONS: Although differences were small and no relevant myocardial ischemia had been missed, prior consumption of caffeine led to significant reduction of ischemic burden, and might lower the high diagnostic and prognostic value of adenosine stress CMR. Therefore, we suggest that patients should still refrain from caffeine prior adenosine stress CMR tests.


Assuntos
Adenosina/farmacologia , Cafeína/farmacologia , Circulação Coronária/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia
9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 70(16): 1988-1990, 2017 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29025555
10.
Eur Radiol ; 27(11): 4639-4649, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28500368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are at increased risk of suffering from adverse cardiovascular events. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) mapping techniques might be appropriate tools to complement late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) for the assessment of myocardial involvement. This study aimed to perform advanced myocardial tissue characterisation in RA patients by a multicomponent CMR protocol. METHODS: 22 RA patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent CMR, including LGE and T1/T2 mapping sequences; 20 volunteers served as controls. RESULTS: Mean LV-EF was 66%; prevalence of LGE was 18%. RA patients had increased native T1 (985 vs. 959 ms, p = 0.03), expanded extracellular volume (ECV) (27 vs. 25%, p = 0.02) and higher T2 values (52 vs. 49 ms, p < 0.001) compared to controls irrespective of the presence of LGE. T2 mapping showed the highest prevalence of values beyond the 95% percentile of controls. CONCLUSION: RA patients demonstrated higher T1, ECV and T2 values compared to controls, with most significant differences for T2. Since these results seem to be independent of the presence of LGE, advanced myocardial tissue characterisation including CMR mapping techniques in addition to LGE-CMR might be useful in the evaluation of myocardial involvement in RA patients. KEY POINTS: • RA patients had higher T1, ECV and T2 values compared to controls. • Most significant differences were observed for T2. • Our results seem to be independent of the presence of LGE. • Mapping might be useful in the evaluation of myocardial involvement in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Meios de Contraste , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia
11.
Eur Heart J ; 38(39): 2936-2943, 2017 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28431003

RESUMO

Aims: Intracoronary infusion of autologous nucleated bone marrow cells (BMCs) enhanced the recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the randomised-controlled, open-label BOOST trial. We reassessed the therapeutic potential of nucleated BMCs in the randomised placebo-controlled, double-blind BOOST-2 trial conducted in 10 centres in Germany and Norway. Methods and results: Using a multiple arm design, we investigated the dose-response relationship and explored whether γ-irradiation which eliminates the clonogenic potential of stem and progenitor cells has an impact on BMC efficacy. Between 9 March 2006 and 16 July 2013, 153 patients with large STEMI were randomly assigned to receive a single intracoronary infusion of placebo (control group), high-dose (hi)BMCs, low-dose (lo)BMCs, irradiated hiBMCs, or irradiated loBMCs 8.1 ± 2.6 days after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in addition to guideline-recommended medical treatment. Change in LVEF from baseline (before cell infusion) to 6 months as determined by MRI was the primary endpoint. The trial is registered at Current Controlled Trials (ISRCTN17457407). Baseline LVEF was 45.0 ± 8.5% in the overall population. At 6 months, LVEF had increased by 3.3 percentage points in the control group and 4.3 percentage points in the hiBMC group. The estimated treatment effect was 1.0 percentage points (95% confidence interval, -2.6 to 4.7; P = 0.57). The treatment effect of loBMCs was 0.5 percentage points (-3.0 to 4.1; P = 0.76). Likewise, irradiated BMCs did not have significant treatment effects. BMC transfer was safe and not associated with adverse clinical events. Conclusion: The BOOST-2 trial does not support the use of nucleated BMCs in patients with STEMI and moderately reduced LVEF treated according to current standards of early PCI and drug therapy.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Raios gama , Humanos , Infusões Intralesionais , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Células-Tronco/efeitos da radiação , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
12.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 19(1): 6, 2017 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28077133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial involvement in AAV patients might be silent, presenting with no or nonspecific symptoms, normal ECG, and preserved left-ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF). Since up to 50% of deaths in these patients may be due to myocardial involvement, a reliable diagnostic tool is warranted. In contrast to LGE-CMR, which has its strengths in detecting focal inflammatory or fibrotic processes, recent mapping techniques are able to detect even subtle, diffuse inflammatory or fibrotic processes. Our study sought to investigate ANCA (antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody) associated vasculitides (AAV) patients for myocardial involvement by a cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) protocol, including late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and mapping sequences. METHODS: Thirty seven AAV patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent CMR imaging. Twenty healthy volunteers served as controls. RESULTS: Mean LV-EF was 64%; LGE prevalence of the AAV patients was 43%. AAV patients had higher median native T1 (988 vs. 952 ms, p < 0.001), lower post-contrast T1 (488 vs. 524 ms, p = 0.03), expanded extracellular volume (ECV) (27.5 vs. 24.5%, p < 0.001), and higher T2 (53 vs. 49 ms, p < 0.001) compared to controls, with most parameters independent of the LGE status. Native T1 and T2 in AAV patients showed the highest prevalence of abnormally increased values beyond the 95% percentile of controls. CONCLUSION: AAV patients demonstrated increased T1, ECV, and T2 values, with native T1 and T2 showing the highest prevalence of values beyond the 95% percentile of normal. Since these findings seem to be independent of LGE, mapping techniques may provide complementary information to LGE-CMR in the assessment of myocardial involvement in patients with AAV.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fibrose , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/diagnóstico , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/patologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
13.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 9(11)2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27903537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) may manifest as arrhythmia or even sudden cardiac death. Because patients with CS often present with nonspecific symptoms, normal electrocardiography, and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, a reliable diagnostic tool for the work-up of CS is needed. Late gadolinium enhancement-cardiovascular magnetic resonance has proven diagnostic value in CS but has some limitations that may be overcome by adding newer cardiovascular magnetic resonance mapping techniques. The aim of our study was to evaluate a comprehensive cardiovascular magnetic resonance protocol, including late gadolinium enhancement and mapping sequences in sarcoid patients with no symptoms or unspecific symptoms and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-one sarcoid patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent comprehensive cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. Twenty-six healthy volunteers served as control group. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 65%; late gadolinium enhancement was only present in sarcoid patients (n=15). Sarcoid patients had a higher median native T1 (994 versus 960 ms; P<0.001), lower post contrast T1 (491 versus 526 ms; P=0.001), expanded extracellular volume (28 versus 25%; P=0.001), and higher T2 values (52 versus 49 ms; P<0.001) compared with controls. Among patients with values higher than the 95% percentile of healthy controls, most significant differences were observed for native T1 and T2 values. Most of these patients were late gadolinium enhancement negative. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with sarcoidosis demonstrate higher T1, extracellular volume, and T2 values compared with healthy controls, with most significant differences for native T1 and T2. While promising, the clinical significance of the newer mapping techniques with respect to early diagnosis and therapy of CS will have to be determined in future studies.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Sarcoidose/fisiopatologia
14.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 18(1): 67, 2016 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27733210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe arrhythmias or heart failure may be surrogates of myocardial involvement in patients with connective tissue disorders (CTD). However, most patients present with unspecific symptoms, normal ECG, and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF). Therefore, timely diagnosis by an accurate technique is crucial. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has proven value for the detection of focal processes, but due to the often diffuse character of fibrosis/inflammation in CTD patients, CMR mapping techniques might be of incremental value for the assessment of myocardial involvement. Purpose of this study was to evaluate a multi-parametric CMR protocol as a screening tool for myocardial involvement in CTD patients. METHODS: Forty CTD patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent CMR, twenty healthy volunteers served as control group. RESULTS: Mean LV-EF was 62 %; LGE prevalence was low (18 %). CTD patients had higher native T1 (1008 vs. 962 ms, p = 0.001), lower post contrast T1 (494 vs. 526 ms, p = 0.008), expanded extracellular volume (ECV) (28 vs. 25 %, p = 0.001), and higher T2 values (53 vs. 49 ms, p < 0.001) compared to controls. Among patients with values higher than the 95 % percentile of healthy controls, native T1 and T2 values seem to be the most promising discriminators. CONCLUSION: CTD patients showed higher T1, ECV, and T2 values compared to controls, with most significant differences for native T1 and T2, which seem to be independent of the presence of LGE. Our data suggest that CMR mapping techniques are of incremental value in the detection of myocardial involvement in CTD patients.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/patologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Feminino , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Cardiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/patologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico
15.
F1000Res ; 52016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27635240

RESUMO

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is a non-invasive imaging modality that has rapidly emerged during the last few years and has become a valuable, well-established clinical tool. Beside the evaluation of anatomy and function, CMR has its strengths in providing detailed non-invasive myocardial tissue characterization, for which it is considered the current diagnostic gold standard. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), with its capability to detect necrosis and to separate ischemic from non-ischemic cardiomyopathies by distinct LGE patterns, offers unique clinical possibilities. The presence of LGE has also proven to be a good predictor of an adverse outcome in various studies. T2-weighted (T2w) images, which are supposed to identify areas of edema and inflammation, are another CMR approach to tissue characterization. However, T2w images have not held their promise owing to several technical limitations and potential physiological concerns. Newer mapping techniques may overcome some of these limitations: they assess quantitatively myocardial tissue properties in absolute terms and show promising results in studies for characterization of diffuse fibrosis (T1 mapping) and/or inflammatory processes (T2 mapping). However, these techniques are still research tools and are not part of the clinical routine yet. T2* CMR has had significant impact in the management of thalassemia because it is possible to image the amount of iron in the heart and the liver, improving both diagnostic imaging and the management of patients with thalassemia. CMR findings frequently have clinical impact on further patient management, and CMR seems to be cost effective in the clinical routine.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 224: 37-49, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27611916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac involvement in rheumatic disorders is challenging due to its varying clinical presentation. Since clinical consequences range from immediate treatment changes to adverse long-term outcome, individual risk stratification is of great clinical interest. Primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would demonstrate different LGE patterns. METHODS: Two-hundred-ninety-seven patients with rheumatic disorders were included and underwent LGE-CMR for work-up of cardiac involvement, which was defined by the presence of LGE in the myocardium. Patients were divided into five subgroups: 1) ANCA-associated vasculitis, 2) non-ANCA-associated vasculitis, 3) connective tissue disorders, 4) arthritis, and 5) sarcoidosis. RESULTS: Mean ejection fraction in the overall population was 65%, with a mean age of 55yrs. Prevalence of cardiac involvement in the five subgroups were as follows: 54% in the ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 22% in the non-ANCA-associated vasculitis group, 14% in the group with connective tissue disorders, 21% in the arthritis group, and 24% in sarcoid patients. Each of the five subgroups demonstrated a distinct pattern of LGE. CONCLUSION: There is a wide range in the prevalence of cardiac involvement in different rheumatic disorders (54%-14%). Different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate different patterns of LGE. CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Primary aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of cardiac involvement in patients with different rheumatic disorders using LGE-CMR. In addition, we sought to investigate if different rheumatic disorders would reveal different LGE patterns. In our 297 patients, the highest prevalence of cardiac involvement was found in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (54%), whereas the lowest prevalence was demonstrated in patients with connective tissue disorders (14%). Furthermore, different groups of rheumatic disorders demonstrate distinct patterns of LGE.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Estatística como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Estatística como Assunto/tendências
17.
Eur J Intern Med ; 33: 67-73, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27296590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nephropathia epidemica (NE), caused by Puumala virus (PUUV), is characterized by acute kidney injury (AKI) and thrombocytopenia. Cardiac involvement with electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities has been previously reported in NE; however, its prognostic value is unknown. Relative bradycardia is an important clinical sign in various infectious diseases, and previous smaller studies have described pulse-temperature deficit in patients with PUUV infection. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of 471 adult patients with serologically confirmed NE. Data were collected retrospectively from medical records and prospectively at follow-up visits. Patients for whom ECGs were recorded during the acute phase of disease were enrolled retrospectively (n=263). Three patients were excluded because of documented pre-existing ECG abnormalities prior to NE. All patients with ECG abnormalities during the acute phase underwent follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 46 patients had ECG abnormalities at the time of admission to hospital (18%). T-wave inversion was the most frequent ECG abnormality (n=31 patients), followed by ST segment changes (nine patients with elevation and six with depression). No major adverse cardiac events occurred during follow-up (median 37months; range 34-63months). Of note, ECG abnormalities reverted to normal in the majority of the patients during follow-up. During the acute phase of NE, 149 of 186 patients had relative bradycardia, without implications for disease course. CONCLUSIONS: Transient ECG abnormalities were detected in 18% of patients during acute NE but were not associated with negative cardiovascular outcome. Relative bradycardia was identified in 80% of the patients with acute NE.


Assuntos
Bradicardia/diagnóstico , Bradicardia/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Hantavirus/patogenicidade , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/complicações , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/epidemiologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 32(6): 1001-2, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26939567

RESUMO

Imaging work-up of a 80-year-old woman with sudden onset of dyspnea during current rivaroxaban therapy: computer tomography angiography revealed fulminant bilateral pulmonary embolism. Furthermore, a serpentine-like huge mass in the right atrium was detected, highly suggestive of thrombus or a giant chiari network, respectively. This case highlights the importance of adequate dose regimen of factor Xa inhibitors, as well as the need of thorough differential diagnostic considerations of net like structures in the right atrium.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Trombose/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Cálculos da Dosagem de Medicamento , Substituição de Medicamentos , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 105(1): 37-52, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26133158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Primary objective was to establish the prognostic value of the myocardial load of PVB19 genomes in patients presenting for work-up of myocarditis and/or unclear cardiomyopathy in comparison to clinical, and CMR parameters. METHODS: 108 consecutive patients who underwent EMB because of suspected myocarditis and/or unclear cardiomyopathy, and had evidence of myocardial PVB19 genome, were enrolled. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality; secondary endpoint was a composite of cardiac mortality and hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: Mean LV-EF was 40%. We found n = 27 patients to have a viral load ≥ 500 GE (IQR 559-846), n = 72 had 100-499 GE, and n = 9 had <100 GE. Immunohistology revealed chronic myocarditis in n = 66, acute myocarditis in n = 1, DCM in n = 17, PVB19 genome only in n = 13, and other pathologies in n = 11. During follow-up 11 patients died, two suffered SCD but were successfully shocked by ICD, and 21 were hospitalized for heart failure. Interestingly, not the viral load, but functional parameters such as LV-EF, LV-EDV (endpoint 2), as well as the histologic diagnosis of DCM and the presence of LGE (for all endpoints) reached statistical significance. In fact, the presence of LGE yields an odds-ratio for a lethal event of 8.56 (endpoint 1), and of 5.52 for endpoint 2. No patient with normal LV-EF, or the absence of LGE, suffered cardiac death during long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: The viral load of PVB19 genomes in the myocardium is not related to the long-term outcome. Furthermore, this study suggests a growing role of imaging for risk stratification in non-ischemic myocardial disease.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/virologia , Miocardite/virologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/fisiopatologia , Parvovirus B19 Humano/isolamento & purificação , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Parvoviridae/virologia , Parvovirus B19 Humano/genética , Prognóstico , Carga Viral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA