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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(22): 10184-10197, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368907

RESUMO

In addition to the already described ligand L4a, two pyclen-based lanthanide chelators, L4b and L4c, bearing two specific picolinate two-photon antennas (tailor-made for each targeted metal) and one acetate arm arranged in a dissymmetrical manner, have been synthesized, to form a complete family of lanthanide luminescent bioprobes: [EuL4a], [SmL4a], [YbL4b], [TbL4c], and [DyL4c]. Additionally, the symmetrically arranged regioisomer L4a' was also synthesized as well as its [EuL4a'] complex to highlight the astonishing positive impact of the dissymmetrical N-distribution of the functional chelating arms. The investigation clearly shows the high performance of each bioprobe, which, depending on the complexed lanthanide, could be used in various applications. Each presents high brightness, quantum yields, and lifetimes. Staining of the complexes into living human breast cancer cells was observed. In addition, in vivo two-photon microscopy was performed for the first time on a living zebrafish model with [EuL4a]. No apparent toxicity was detected on the growth of the zebrafish, and images of high quality were obtained.

2.
Chemphyschem ; 21(10): 1036-1043, 2020 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176399

RESUMO

Cationic lanthanide complexes are generally able to spontaneously internalize into living cells. Following our previous works based on a diMe-cyclen framework, a second generation of cationic water-soluble lanthanide complexes based on a constrained cross-bridged cyclam macrocycle functionalized with donor-π-conjugated picolinate antennas was prepared with europium(III) and ytterbium(III). Their spectroscopic properties were thoroughly investigated in various solvents and rationalized with the help of DFT calculations. A significant improvement was observed in the case of the Eu3+ complex, while the Yb3+ analogue conserved photophysical properties in aqueous solvent. Two-photon (2P) microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells confirmed the spontaneous internalization of the probes and images with good signal-to-noise ratio were obtained in the classic NIR-to-visible configuration with the Eu3+ luminescent bioprobe and in the NIR-to-NIR with the Yb3+ one.

3.
Platelets ; 31(5): 551-558, 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880193

RESUMO

Although live imaging of dynamic processes in platelets is a challenging task, several important observations have been published during the last 20 years. We will discuss the amazing insights that have been achieved, the difficulties that can be encountered as well as some questions still open and the future technical perspectives.

4.
Chemistry ; 25(38): 9026-9034, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972809

RESUMO

Two trispicolinate 1,4,7-triazacyclonane (TACN)-based ligands bearing three picolinate biphotonic antennae were synthetized and their Yb3+ and Gd3+ complexes isolated. One series differs from the other by the absence (L1 )/presence (L2 ) of bromine atoms on the antenna backbone, offering respectively improved optical and singlet-oxygen generation properties. Photophysical properties of the ligands, complexes and micellar Pluronic suspensions were investigated. Complexes exhibit high two-photon absorption cross-section combined either with NIR emission (Yb) or excellent 1 O2 generation (Gd). The very large intersystem crossing efficiency induced by the combination of bromine atom and heavy rare-earth element was corroborated with theoretical calculations. The 1 O2 generation properties of L2 Gd micellar suspension under two-photon activation leads to tumour cell death, suggesting the potential of such structures for theranostic applications.

5.
Chemphyschem ; 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30198105

RESUMO

A family of europium (III) complexes based on a polydentate ligand functionalized by charge-transfer antennae presents remarkable one- and two-photon photophysical proper-ties in water or buffer. A detailed analysis of their emission properties suggests that the wrapping of the ligand around the central rare-earth ion results in an overall Cs symmetry in agreement with the theoretical simulation and that about 65-70 % of the emission intensity is concentrated in the hypersensitive 5 D0 →7 F2 transition at 615 nm. Their brightness is excellent, in the range of the best lanthanide bioprobes making them very attractive for bio-imaging experiments.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(4)2018 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29641466

RESUMO

Silver nanowires (AgNW) are attractive materials that are anticipated to be incorporated into numerous consumer products such as textiles, touchscreen display, and medical devices that could be in direct contact with skin. There are very few studies on the cellular toxicity of AgNW and no studies that have specifically evaluated the potential toxicity from dermal exposure. To address this question, we investigated the dermal toxicity after acute exposure of polymer-coated AgNW with two sizes using two models, human primary keratinocytes and human reconstructed epidermis. In keratinocytes, AgNW are rapidly and massively internalized inside cells leading to dose-dependent cytotoxicity that was not due to Ag⁺ release. Analysing our data with different dose metrics, we propose that the number of NW is the most appropriate dose-metric for studies of AgNW toxicity. In reconstructed epidermis, the results of a standard in vitro skin irritation assay classified AgNW as non-irritant to skin and we found no evidence of penetration into the deeper layer of the epidermis. The findings show that healthy and intact epidermis provides an effective barrier for AgNW, although the study does not address potential transport through follicles or injured skin. The combined cell and tissue model approach used here is likely to provide an important methodology for assessing the risks for skin exposure to AgNW from consumer products.

9.
Chemistry ; 24(14): 3408-3412, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341302

RESUMO

The design of original twisted charge transfer antennae in which a non-planar geometry is enforced thanks to one or two bulky ortho-Me substituents allows us to prepare the corresponding ultra-bright TbIII and DyIII bioprobes. The brightness of the TbIII derivative compares well with that of the benchmark Tb-Lumi4 complex. The first bio-imaging experiments with a DyIII luminescent bioprobe are also reported.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(44): 6005-6008, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516180

RESUMO

An Yb(iii) complex based on a dimethyl cyclen macrocyclic ligand functionalized by charge transfer antennae was prepared. This cationic [YbL3]+ complex is stable and soluble in water and presents interesting photophysical nonlinear properties. It is spontaneously internalized and accumulates in live cells. High quality images have been obtained both in a classical NIR-to-vis configuration and in the more challenging NIR-to-NIR one.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Fótons , Itérbio/química , Cátions/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Conformação Molecular
11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(23): 7693-7696, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28551987

RESUMO

Fluorescent probes that are able to directly measure viscosity are attractive candidates for the study of intracellular environments. We report a new class of luminescent rotors, based on the sensitized emission of a terbium(III) complex. A 4-fold increase in both quantum yield and luminescence lifetime was observed in viscous media for the studied complexes, with a lifetime ranging from 0.23 to 0.89 ms over a broad range of viscosities (0.6-1200 cP). The presented approach, relying on the millisecond-scale luminescence lifetime of the lanthanide ions, was applied to fixed T24 cancer cells using temporal sampling lifetime imaging microscopy.

12.
Chem Sci ; 8(1): 381-394, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28451183

RESUMO

The synthesis of keto-heptamethine derivatives has been expanded to various new symmetrical and asymmetrical structures, including an unprecedented di-anionic keto-polymethine. The spectroscopic behavior of these new dyes has been systematically and thoroughly investigated, revealing that the formation of hydrogen bond interactions with protic solvents is responsible for a dramatic enhancement of the fluorescence quantum yield in the far-red spectral region. The existence of these strong hydrogen-bond interactions was further confirmed by molecular dynamics simulations. These bis-dipolar polymethines exhibit large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross-sections (σ2 in GM) in the near-infrared, making them ideal candidates for NIR-to-NIR two-photon microscopy imaging applications. We demonstrate that the molecular engineering of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance enables targeting of different cellular components, such as cytoplasm or cell membranes. Addition of appropriate substituents provides the molecule with high-water-solubility, affording efficient two-photon probes for angiography.

13.
Sci Rep ; 7: 45036, 2017 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28338083

RESUMO

Microvasculatures-on-a-chip, i.e. in vitro models that mimic important features of microvessel networks, have gained increasing interest in recent years. Such devices have allowed investigating pathophysiological situations involving abnormal biophysical interactions between blood cells and vessel walls. Still, a central question remains regarding the presence, in such biomimetic systems, of the endothelial glycocalyx. The latter is a glycosaminoglycans-rich surface layer exposed to blood flow, which plays a crucial role in regulating the interactions between circulating cells and the endothelium. Here, we use confocal microscopy to characterize the layer expressed by endothelial cells cultured in microfluidic channels. We show that, under our culture conditions, endothelial cells form a confluent layer on all the walls of the circuit and display a glycocalyx that fully lines the lumen of the microchannels. Moreover, the thickness of this surface layer is found to be on the order of 600 nm, which compares well with measurements performed ex or in vivo on microcapillaries. Furthermore, we investigate how the presence of endothelial cells in the microchannels affects their hydrodynamic resistance and the near-wall motion of red blood cells. Our study thus provides an important insight into the physiological relevance of in vitro microvasculatures.


Assuntos
Eritrócitos/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Microcirculação , Microfluídica/métodos , Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Glicocálix/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microvasos/citologia , Microvasos/fisiologia
14.
FASEB J ; 31(2): 663-673, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27799347

RESUMO

The phagocyte NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) is an enzymatic complex that is involved in innate immunity, notably via its capacity to produce toxic reactive oxygen species. Recently, a proteomic analysis of the constitutively active Nox2 complex, isolated from neutrophil fractions, highlighted the presence of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (PFK-2). The purpose of this work was to study the relationship between PFK-2 and NADPH oxidase in neutrophils. Data have underlined a specific association of the active phosphorylated form of PFK-2 with Nox2 complex in stimulated neutrophils. In its active form, PFK-2 catalyzes the production of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, which is the main allosteric activator of phosphofructo-1-kinase, the limiting enzyme in glycolysis. Pharmacologic inhibition of PFK-2 phosphorylation and cell depletion in PFK-2 by a small interfering RNA strategy led to a decrease in the glycolysis rate and a reduction in NADPH oxidase activity in stimulated cells. Surprisingly, alteration of Nox2 activity impacted the glycolysis rate, which indicated that Nox2 in neutrophils was not only required for reactive oxygen species production but was also involved in supporting the energetic metabolism increase that was induced by inflammatory conditions. PFK-2 seems to be a strategic element that links NADPH oxidase activation and glycolysis modulation, and, as such, is proposed as a potential therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases.-Baillet, A., Hograindleur, M.-A., El Benna, J., Grichine, A., Berthier, S., Morel, F., Paclet, M.-H. Unexpected function of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase in supporting hyperglycolysis in stimulated neutrophils: key role of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase.


Assuntos
Glucose/metabolismo , Glicólise/fisiologia , NADPH Oxidases/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Fagócitos/enzimologia , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , NADPH Oxidases/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/genética , Fosforilação , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia
15.
Exp Suppl ; 107: 491-523, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27812993

RESUMO

Maintenance of energy homeostasis is a basic requirement for cell survival. Different mechanisms have evolved to cope with spatial and temporal mismatch between energy-providing and -consuming processes. Among these, signaling by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is one of the key players, regulated by and itself regulating cellular adenylate levels. Further understanding its complex cellular function requires deeper insight into its activation patterns in space and time at a single cell level. This may become possible with an increasing number of genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors, mostly based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer, which have been engineered to monitor metabolic parameters and kinase activities. Here, we review basic principles of biosensor design and function and the advantages and limitations of their use and provide an overview on existing FRET biosensors to monitor AMPK activation, ATP concentration, and ATP/ADP ratios, together with other key metabolites and parameters of energy metabolism.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Difosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Metabolismo Energético , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Subunidades Proteicas/genética , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
16.
Inorg Chem ; 55(14): 7020-5, 2016 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27367598

RESUMO

An original cationic water-soluble cyclen-based Eu(III) complex [EuL(1)](+) featuring a chromophore-functionalized antenna to increase the two-photon (2P) absorption properties was synthesized. The photophysical properties were thoroughly studied in various solvents and rationalized with the help of theoretical calculations. The complex exhibits an optimized 2P absorption cross section. Finally, 2P microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells highlighted the spontaneous internalization and the biological stability of this 2P bioprobe in vitro. Macrocyclic-based antennas open new perspectives for future optimization of the photophysical properties and allows envisaging the design of Eu, Tb, Yb, and Sm bioprobes. This result also opens the way for the design of functional two-photon Ln complexes able to monitor intracellular physicochemical parameters.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/metabolismo , Sondas Moleculares/metabolismo , Cátions , Microscopia/métodos
17.
Biochim Biophys Acta ; 1862(6): 1159-71, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26976332

RESUMO

Cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury compromises mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) and compartmentalized intracellular energy transfer via the phosphocreatine/creatine kinase (CK) network. The restriction of ATP/ADP diffusion at the level of the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) is an essential element of compartmentalized energy transfer. In adult cardiomyocytes, the MOM permeability to ADP is regulated by the interaction of voltage-dependent anion channel with cytoskeletal proteins, particularly with ß tubulin II. The IR-injury alters the expression and the intracellular arrangement of cytoskeletal proteins. The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of IR on the intracellular arrangement of ß tubulin II and its effect on the regulation of mitochondrial respiration. Perfused rat hearts were subjected to total ischemia (for 20min (I20) and 45min (I45)) or to ischemia followed by 30min of reperfusion (I20R and I45R groups). High resolution respirometry and fluorescent confocal microscopy were used to study respiration, ß tubulin II and mitochondrial arrangements in cardiac fibers. The results of these experiments evidence a heterogeneous response of mitochondria to IR-induced damage. Moreover, the intracellular rearrangement of ß tubulin II, which in the control group colocalized with mitochondria, was associated with increased apparent affinity of OxPhos for ADP, decreased regulation of respiration by creatine without altering mitochondrial CK activity and the ratio between octameric to dimeric isoenzymes. The results of this study allow us to highlight changes of mitochondrial interactions with cytoskeleton as one of the possible mechanisms underlying cardiac IR injury.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto/patologia , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Animais , Respiração Celular , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Tubulina (Proteína)/ultraestrutura
18.
Surg Innov ; 23(4): 354-9, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26603691

RESUMO

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and future clinical applications of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging to guide liver resection surgery for metastatic cancer to improve resection margins. Summary Background Data A subset of patients with metastatic hepatic tumors can be cured by surgery. The degree of long-term and disease-free survival is related to the quality of surgery, with the best resection defined as "R0" (complete removal of all tumor cells, as evidenced by microscopic examination of the margins). Although intraoperative ultrasonography can evaluate the surgical margins, surgeons need a new tool to perfect the surgical outcome. Methods A preliminary study was performed on 3 patients. We used NIR imaging postoperatively "ex vivo" on the resected liver tissue. The liver tumors were preoperatively labelled by intravenously injecting the patient with indocyanine green (ICG), a NIR fluorescent agent (24 hours before surgery, 0.25 mg/kg). Fluorescent images were obtained using a miniaturized fluorescence imaging system (FluoStic, Fluoptics, Grenoble, France). Results After liver resection, the surgical specimens from each patient were sliced into 10-mm sections in the operating room and analyzed with the FluoStic. All metastatic tumors presented rim-type fluorescence. Two specimens had incomplete rim fluorescence. The pathologist confirmed the presence of R1 margins (microscopic residual resection), even though the ultrasonographic analysis indicated that the result was R0. Conclusions Surgical liver resection guided by NIR fluorescence can help detect potentially uncertain anatomical areas that may be missed by preoperative imaging and by ultrasonography during surgery. These preliminary results will need to be confirmed in a larger prospective patient series.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Imagem Óptica , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patologia , Meningioma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia
19.
Chemistry ; 21(49): 17757-61, 2015 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26489885

RESUMO

An original samarium(III) complex based on a triazacyclononane platform functionalized with a charge-transfer antenna chromophore exhibited optimized brightness and was successfully used as an emissive species for two-photon microscopy experiments in both the visible and near-infrared spectral ranges.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 44(11): 4918-24, 2015 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25421299

RESUMO

During the course of our research studies aiming to combine the unique photophysical properties of lanthanide complexes and the intrinsic advantage of a nonlinear two-photon excitation, we described the proof-of-concept of a biphotonic multiplexing bio-imaging experiment. To that end, a new Tb-luminescent bioprobe [TbL(2)] was designed using the TACN-trispicolinate platform. The biphotonic imaging of T24 fixed cells stained either with [TbL(2)] or with the already described [EuL(1)] complexes is reported. Finally the biphotonic multiplexing experiment was performed using a combination of both probes using the spectral mode of the two-photon microscope.


Assuntos
Európio/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Fótons , Térbio/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Substâncias Luminescentes/química
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