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J Environ Sci (China) ; 40: 92-104, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26969549

RESUMO

Molecular speciation of atmospheric organic matter was investigated during a short summer field campaign performed in a citrus fruit field in northern Corsica (June 2011). Aimed at assessing the performance on the field of newly developed analytical protocols, this work focuses on the molecular composition of both gas and particulate phases and provides an insight into partitioning behavior of the semi-volatile oxygenated fraction. Limonene ozonolysis tracers were specifically searched for, according to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) data previously recorded for smog chamber experiments. A screening of other oxygenated species present in the field atmosphere was also performed. About sixty polar molecules were positively or tentatively identified in gas and/or particle phases. These molecules comprise a wide range of branched and linear, mono and di-carbonyls (C3-C7), mono and di-carboxylic acids (C3-C18), and compounds bearing up to three functionalities. Among these compounds, some can be specifically attributed to limonene oxidation and others can be related to α- or ß-pinene oxidation. This provides an original snapshot of the organic matter composition at a Mediterranean site in summer. Furthermore, for compounds identified and quantified in both gaseous and particulate phases, an experimental gas/particle partitioning coefficient was determined. Several volatile products, which are not expected in the particulate phase assuming thermodynamic equilibrium, were nonetheless present in significant concentrations. Hypotheses are proposed to explain these observations, such as the possible aerosol viscosity that could hinder the theoretical equilibrium to be rapidly reached.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/análise , Aerossóis/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/análise , Cicloexenos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , França , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Gases/análise , Gases/química , Limoneno , Região do Mediterrâneo , Monoterpenos/análise , Oxirredução , Smog/análise , Terpenos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , Tempo (Meteorologia)
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