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1.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on the effect of ABO blood group (ABO), von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels, and age on factor VIII (FVIII) in non-severe haemophilia A (HA) is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if ABO, VWF levels, and age have an influence on the variability of FVIII levels and consequently on the assessment of severity in non-severe HA. PATIENTS/METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with non-severe HA and 82 healthy controls were included. Data on ABO was collected and FVIII clotting activity (FVIII:C) with one-stage clotting assay (FVIII:C OSA) and chromogenic substrate assay (FVIII:C CSA), FVIII antigen (FVIII:Ag) and VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) and activity (VWF:Act) were determined. RESULTS: In HA, FVIII:C OSA and CSA and FVIII:Ag were not different between non-O (n = 42, median 15.5, interquartile range 10.4-24.0; 10.0, 6.8-26.0 and 15.2, 10.7-24.9) and O (n = 47, 14.1, 9.0-23.0; 10.0, 5.0-23.0 and 15.2, 9.3-35.5), whereas in healthy controls, non-O individuals had significantly higher FVIII levels. FVIII: C showed no relevant correlation with VWF levels in HA, but we observed strong correlations in healthy controls. Age had only a minor influence in HA, but had a considerable impact on FVIII:C in healthy controls. In multivariable regression analysis ABO, VWF:Ag and age were not associated with FVIII:C in HA, whereas this model explained 61.3% of the FVIII:C variance in healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in non-severe HA ABO and VWF levels do not substantially influence the variability of FVIII levels and age has only minor effects on it, which is important information for diagnostic procedures.

2.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent complication of cancer. Elevated D-Dimer is associated with an increased risk of cancer-associated VTE. Whether changes in D-Dimer over time harbor additional prognostic information that may be exploited clinically for dynamic prediction of VTE is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To explore the potential role of longitudinal D-Dimer trajectories for personalized prediction of cancer-associated VTE. PATIENTS/METHODS: 167 patients with active malignancy were prospectively enrolled (gastrointestinal: n=59 (35%), lung: n=56 (34%), brain: n=50 (30%), others: n=2 (1%); metastatic disease: n=74 (44%)). D-Dimer (median=0.8µg/mL [25th -75th percentile: 0.4-2.0]) was measured at baseline and during 602 monthly follow-up visits. Joint models of longitudinal and time-to-event data were implemented to quantify the association between D-Dimer trajectories and prospective risk of VTE. RESULTS: VTE occurred in 20 patients (250-day VTE risk=12.1%, 95%CI: 7.8-18.5). D-Dimer increased by 34%/month (0.47µg/mL/month, 95%CI: 0.22-0.72, p<0.0001) in patients who developed VTE, but remained constant in patients who did not develop VTE (change/month=-0.06µg/mL/month, 95%CI: -0.15-0.02, p=0.121). In joint modeling, a doubling of the D-Dimer trajectory was associated with a 2.8-fold increase in the risk of VTE (Hazard ratio=2.78, 95%CI: 1.69-4.58, p<0.0001). This finding was independent of established VTE risk factors. Highly personalized, dynamic predictions of VTE conditional on individual patients' D-Dimer trajectories could be obtained. CONCLUSIONS: D-Dimer increases before the onset of cancer-associated VTE, but remains constant over time in patients without VTE. This study represents proof-of-concept that longitudinal trajectories of D-Dimer may advance the personalized assessment of VTE risk in the oncologic setting.

3.
Exp Mol Med ; 52(1): 66-78, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956273

RESUMO

Patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are at high risk of developing venous and arterial thromboembolism (TE). The role of platelets in the pathogenesis of these prothrombotic conditions is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to gain mechanistic insights into the role of platelets in APS by comparing the platelet proteome between lupus anticoagulant (LA)-positive patients with (LA+ TE+) and without a history of TE (LA+ TE-) and healthy controls. The platelet proteome of 47 patients with LA, 31 with a history of TE and 16 without thrombotic history, and 47 healthy controls was analyzed by two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to identify disease-related proteins. Afterward, selected LA-related platelet proteins were validated by western blot and ELISA. Alterations of 25 proteins were observed between the study groups. STRING pathway analysis showed that LA-related protein profiles were involved in platelet activation, aggregation, and degranulation. For example, protein disulfide isomerase family members, enzymes that promote thrombosis, were upregulated in platelets and plasma of LA+ TE+ patients. Leukocyte elastase inhibitor (SERPINB1), an antagonist of neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation, was decreased in platelets of LA+ TE+ patients compared to healthy controls. Additionally, citrullinated histone H3, a NET-specific marker, was increased in plasma of LA+ TE+ patients. These findings suggest that decreased platelet SERPINB1 levels favor prothrombotic NETosis, especially in LA+ TE+ patients. Our findings reveal protein abundance changes connected to altered platelet function in LA-positive patients, thus suggesting a pathogenic role of platelets in thrombotic complications in APS.

4.
Thromb Res ; 187: 9-17, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haemostatic activation and hypercoagulability are frequently observed in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), increase risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and have been implicated in tumour proliferation and progression. To date, the association of haemostatic biomarkers with oncologic outcomes including overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS) and disease control rate (DCR) is incompletely understood. METHODS: Within the framework of the Vienna Cancer and Thrombosis Study, a prospective observational cohort study, we conducted an exploratory analysis to investigate the association of six known biomarkers of haemostasis with oncologic outcomes in 99 patients with mCRC prior to chemotherapy initiation. RESULTS: Patients with high levels of factor VIII activity (FVIII), D-dimer, prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2) and fibrinogen (defined as levels >75th percentile) had significantly shorter median OS than patients with lower levels. Elevation of four biomarkers was associated with mortality in multivariable analysis, adjusting for age, sex, number of metastatic sites and VTE (hazard ratio [95% CI] for death per doubling of levels: FVIII: 2.06 [1.28-3.30]; sP-selectin: 1.55 [1.07-2.24]; D-dimer: 1.40 [1.18-1.65]; F1 + 2: 1.64 [1.10-2.46]). Patients with elevated levels had numerically shorter median PFS across all markers and disease control rate (DCR) was significantly smaller in those with high levels of FVIII and F1 + 2 (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] for DCR per doubling of levels: 0.23 [0.09-0.62] and 0.36 [0.16-0.82]) compared to patients with lower levels. CONCLUSION: Specific elevated haemostatic biomarkers are associated with higher mortality and partially with worse response to chemotherapy in patients with mCRC.

5.
Transl Res ; 215: 41-56, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525325

RESUMO

A prothrombotic state is frequently observed in patients with cancer and contributes to the risks of venous thromboembolism (VTE), arterial thromboembolism (ATE), tumor progression, and death. Altered ex vivo properties of plasma clot formation and lysis have been observed in patients with cancer. The aim of this prospective study was to comprehensively characterize the relationship between plasma clot properties, inflammation, hypercoagulability, thrombotic complications, and mortality in patients with cancer using a tissue-factor-based turbidimetric assay of clot formation and lysis. Turbidity parameters were determined in 815 patients with newly-diagnosed or recurrent cancer and 97 healthy controls. Patients were followed-up for 2 years and rates of VTE (n = 72 events), ATE (n = 21 events), and death (n = 304 events) were assessed. Compared to controls, cancer patients' turbidity profiles showed an increased clot formation potential and higher resistance toward fibrinolysis. Elevated biomarkers of inflammation and hemostasis, such as C-reactive protein, FVIII, and thrombin generation explained substantial amounts of variation in turbidity parameters. In a prospective analysis, altered parameters of clot formation identified cancer patients at high risk of ATE (Hazard ratio [HR] per doubling of peak absorbance: 4.43, 95% CI: 1.50-13.07, P = 0.007) and death (HR per doubling of peak absorbance: 2.73, 2.00-3.72, P< 0.0001); these findings were independent of other prognostic covariates. Contrarily, turbidity parameters were not associated with risk of VTE (HR per doubling of peak absorbance: 1.15, 0.66-2.01, P = 0.62). We conclude that patients with cancer have altered ex vivo properties of clot formation which predict risks of ATE and mortality but not VTE.

6.
J Thromb Haemost ; 17(8): 1335-1344, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are at risk of developing arterial thromboembolism (ATE). With the prevalence of cancer and cardiovascular diseases on the rise, the identification of risk factors for ATE in patients with cancer is of emerging importance. OBJECTIVES: As data on the association of potential biomarkers with risk of ATE in patients with cancer are scarce, we conducted a cohort study with the aim to identify blood-based biomarkers for ATE risk prediction in patients with cancer. PATIENTS/METHODS: Overall, 1883 patients with newly diagnosed cancer or progressive disease after complete or partial remission were included and followed for 2 years. Venous blood was drawn at study inclusion for measurement of complete blood count parameters, total cholesterol, d-dimer, and soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) levels. RESULTS: The 2-year cumulative incidence of ATE was 2.5%. In univariable analysis, red cell distribution width (subdistribution hazard ratio (SHR) per doubling: 4.4, 95% CI: 1.4-14.1), leukocyte count (1.2, 1.1-1.5), neutrophil count (1.6, 1.1-2.3), and sP-selectin levels (1.9, 1.3-2.7) were associated with risk of ATE in patients with cancer; d-dimer was not associated with the risk of ATE (1.1, 0.9-1.4). After adjustment for age, sex, and smoking status the association prevailed for the neutrophil count (adjusted [adj.] SHR per doubling: 1.6, 1.1-2.4), and sP-selectin levels (1.8, 1.2-2.8). CONCLUSIONS: An elevated absolute neutrophil count and higher sP-selectin levels were associated with an increased risk of ATE in patients with cancer. Their role for predicting cancer-related ATE needs to be validated in further studies.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 186(2): 311-320, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968400

RESUMO

Prior studies indicate that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are associated with arterial thromboembolism (ATE) and mortality. We investigated the association between NET formation biomarkers (citrullinated histone H3 [H3Cit], cell-free DNA [cfDNA], and nucleosomes) and the risk of ATE and all-cause mortality in patients with cancer. In this prospective cohort study, H3Cit, cfDNA and nucleosome levels were determined at study inclusion, and patients with newly diagnosed cancer or progressive disease after remission were followed for 2 years for ATE and death. Nine-hundred and fifty-seven patients were included. The subdistribution hazard ratios for ATE of H3Cit, cfDNA and nucleosomes were 1·0 per 100 ng/ml increase (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0·7-1·4, P = 0·949), 1·0 per 100 ng/ml (0·9-1·2, P = 0·494) increase and 1·1 per 1-unit increase (1·0-1·2, P = 0·233), respectively. Three-hundred and seventy-eight (39·5%) patients died. The hazard ratio (HR) for mortality of H3Cit and cfDNA per 100 ng/ml increase was 1·1 (1·0-1·1, P < 0·001) and 1·1 (1·0-1·1, P < 0·001), respectively. The HR for mortality of nucleosome levels per 1-unit increase was 1·0 (1·0-1·1, P = 0·233). H3Cit, cfDNA and nucleosome levels were not associated with the risk of ATE in patients with cancer. Elevated H3Cit and cfDNA levels were associated with higher mortality in patients with cancer.

8.
Thromb Haemost ; 118(11): 1875-1884, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30296815

RESUMO

Patients with cancer are at risk of developing venous and arterial thromboembolism (VTE and ATE). Elevated platelet-to-lymphocyte (PLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios (NLR) have been suggested as potential biomarkers for cancer-associated chronic inflammation, VTE and mortality. We investigated the association between PLR and NLR with VTE, ATE and mortality in patients with cancer. Within a prospective cohort study, we followed-up patients with newly diagnosed or progressing cancer for objectively confirmed, symptomatic VTE, ATE and death. Fine and Gray competing-risk regression was used to model the risk of VTE and ATE. Overall survival was analysed with Kaplan-Meier estimators. From 2003 to 2013, 1,469 patients with solid cancer (median age: 61 years; 47.3% female) were recruited and followed for 2 years. Overall, 128 (8.7%) patients developed VTE, 41 (2.8%) ATE and 643 (43.8%) patients died. The sub-distribution hazard ratios (SHRs) for VTE per doubling of PLR and NLR were 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.8-1.3, p = 0.899) and 1.2 (1.0-1.4, p = 0.059), respectively. For ATE, the SHR per doubling of PLR and NLR were 1.0 (0.7-1.5, p = 0.940) and 1.2 (0.9-1.6, p = 0.191), respectively. A higher PLR (hazard ratio [HR] per doubling = 1.5, 1.4-1.7, p < 0.001) and a higher NLR (HR per doubling = 1.5, 1.4-1.7, p < 0.001) were associated with an increased risk of mortality after adjusting for age, sex and cancer stage. There was no statistically significant association between NLR and VTE occurrence in patients with cancer. Neither PLR nor NLR were associated with the risk of ATE. Both elevated PLR and NLR were independently associated with a twofold increased risk of mortality.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/patologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Tromboembolia/patologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Contagem de Células , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/mortalidade
9.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 79(8): 428-431, 2018 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30070951
10.
Haematologica ; 103(9): 1549-1556, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29794142

RESUMO

In contrast to venous thromboembolism, little is known about arterial thromboembolism in patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to quantify the risk and explore clinical risk factors of arterial thromboembolism in patients with cancer, and investigate its potential impact on mortality. Patients with newly-diagnosed cancer or progression of disease after remission were included in a prospective observational cohort study and followed for two years. Between October 2003 and October 2013, 1880 patients (54.3% male; median age 61 years) were included. During a median follow up of 723 days, 48 (2.6%) patients developed arterial thromboembolism [20 (41.7%) myocardial infarction, 16 (33.3%) stroke and 12 (25.0%) peripheral arterial events], 157 (8.4%) developed venous thromboembolism, and 754 (40.1%) patients died. The cumulative 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month risks of arterial thromboembolism were 0.9%, 1.1%, 1.7%, and 2.6%, respectively. Male sex (subdistribution hazard ratio=2.9, 95%CI: 1.5-5.6; P=0.002), age (subdistribution hazard ratio per 10 year increase=1.5, 1.2-1.7; P<0.001), hypertension (3.1, 1.7-5.5; P<0.001), smoking (2.0, 1.1-3.7; P=0.022), lung cancer (2.3, 1.2-4.2; P=0.009), and kidney cancer (3.8, 1.4-10.5; P=0.012) were associated with a higher arterial thromboembolism risk. Furthermore, the occurrence of arterial thromboembolism was associated with a 3.2-fold increased risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio=3.2, 95%CI: 2.2-4.8; P<0.001). Arterial thromboembolism is a less common complication in patients with cancer than venous thromboembolism. The risk of arterial thromboembolism is high in patients with lung and kidney cancer. Patients with cancer who develop arterial thromboembolism are at a 3-fold increased risk of mortality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Tromboembolia/mortalidade , Idoso , Áustria/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia
11.
Thromb Res ; 158: 59-64, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28843824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are at risk for occurrence of vascular access thrombosis and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Understanding the extent of these complications and identifying risk factors can help improve management strategies. METHODS: Adult HD patients were cross-sectionally recruited into the Vienna InVestigation of AtriaL fibrillation and thromboembolism in patients on hemoDIalysis (VIVALDI). In this investigation, retrospective data on the incidence and risk of VTE and vascular access thrombosis was analyzed using logistic regression and negative binomial regression for counts of vascular access thrombosis episodes. RESULTS: The analysis includes 626 patients on HD, which constitutes 73% of the total HD population in Vienna, Austria. One-hundred-seventy-eight patients (28.4%) had 275 vascular access thrombosis events during 2463.1 patient-years on HD, corresponding to an incidence rate (IR) of 111.6 events per 1000 patient-years on HD. In the multivariable negative binomial regression model, we found that patients suffered from vascular access thrombosis 2.5 times more often (IR ratio 2.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48-4.68, p=0.001) if toxic nephropathy was their cause of ESRD (n=28, 4.5%) compared to patients with other causes of ESRD. Sixty-one patients (9.7%) had a history of VTE and the IR of VTE events during the time on HD was 10.9 per 1000 patient-years on HD (women: IR 15.1, men IR 8.6). Female sex (odds ratio [OR] 1.90, 95%CI 1.07-3.36, p=0.029) and atrial fibrillation (OR 2.00, 95%CI 1.10-3.64, p=0.023) were independently associated with VTE. CONCLUSIONS: Thromboembolic events including vascular access thrombosis and VTE are frequent complications in patients on HD. Risk evaluation for thromboembolism, including sex and clinical parameters, may identify high-risk patients and improve their clinical management.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/métodos , Fatores de Risco
12.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0169400, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28052124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) adds significant risk of stroke and thromboembolism in patients on hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AF in a population-based cohort of HD patients and practice patterns of antithrombotic therapy for stroke prevention in AF. METHODS: The Vienna InVestigation of AtriaL fibrillation and thromboembolism in patients on hemodialysis (VIVALDI), an ongoing prospective observational cohort study, investigates the prevalence of AF and the risk of thromboembolic events in HD patients in Vienna, Austria. We analyzed cross-sectional data of 626 patients (63.4% men, median age 66 years, approx. 73% of HD patients in Vienna), who provided informed consent. A structured interview with each patient was performed, recent and archived ECGs were viewed and medical histories were verified with electronic records. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of AF was 26.5% (166 patients, 71.1% men, median age 72 years) of which 57.8% had paroxysmal AF, 3.0% persistent AF, 32.5% permanent AF, and 6.6% of patients had newly diagnosed AF. The median CHA2DS2-VASc Score was 4 [25th-75th percentile 3-5]. In multivariable analysis, AF was independently associated with age (odds ratio: 1.05 per year increase, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-1.07), male sex (1.7, 1.1-2.6), history of venous thromboembolism (2.0, 1.1-3.6), congestive heart failure (1.7, 1.1-2.5), history of or active cancer (1.5, 1.0-2.4) and time on HD (1.08 per year on HD, 1.03-1.13). Antithrombotic treatment was applied in 84.4% of AF patients (anticoagulant agents in 29.5%, antiplatelet agents in 33.7%, and both in 21.1%). In AF patients, vitamin-K-antagonists were used more often than low-molecular-weight heparins (30.1% and 19.9%). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AF is high amongst HD patients and is associated with age, sex, and distinct comorbidities. Practice patterns of antithrombotic treatment indicate a lack of consensus for stroke prevention in HD patients with AF.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Diálise Renal , Tromboembolia/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Áustria/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Tempo
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