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1.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Kabuki syndrome (KS) (OMIM 147920 and 300867) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by specific facial features, intellectual disability, and various malformations. Immunopathological manifestations seem prevalent and increase the morbimortality. To assess the frequency and severity of the manifestations, we measured the prevalence of immunopathological manifestations as well as genotype-phenotype correlations in KS individuals from a registry. METHODS: Data were for 177 KS individuals with KDM6A or KMT2D pathogenic variants. Questionnaires to clinicians were used to assess the presence of immunodeficiency and autoimmune diseases both on a clinical and biological basis. RESULTS: Overall, 44.1% (78/177) and 58.2% (46/79) of KS individuals exhibited infection susceptibility and hypogammaglobulinemia, respectively; 13.6% (24/177) had autoimmune disease (AID; 25.6% [11/43] in adults), 5.6% (10/177) with ≥2 AID manifestations. The most frequent AID manifestations were immune thrombocytopenic purpura (7.3% [13/177]) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (4.0% [7/177]). Among nonhematological manifestations, vitiligo was frequent. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura was frequent with missense versus other types of variants (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of immunopathological manifestations in KS demonstrates the importance of systematic screening and efficient preventive management of these treatable and sometimes life-threatening conditions.

2.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(12): 2740-2750, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548201

RESUMO

The oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome (OAFNS) is a rare disorder characterized by the association of frontonasal dysplasia (widely spaced eyes, facial cleft, and nose abnormalities) and oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS)-associated features, such as preauricular ear tags, ear dysplasia, mandibular asymmetry, epibulbar dermoids, eyelid coloboma, and costovertebral anomalies. The etiology is unknown so far. This work aimed to identify molecular bases for the OAFNS. Among a cohort of 130 patients with frontonasal dysplasia, accurate phenotyping identified 18 individuals with OAFNS. We describe their clinical spectrum, including the report of new features (micro/anophtalmia, cataract, thyroid agenesis, polymicrogyria, olfactory bulb hypoplasia, and mandibular cleft), and emphasize the high frequency of nasal polyps in OAFNS (56%). We report the negative results of ALX1, ALX3, and ALX4 genes sequencing and next-generation sequencing strategy performed on blood-derived DNA from respectively, four and four individuals. Exome sequencing was performed in four individuals, genome sequencing in one patient with negative exome sequencing result. Based on the data from this series and the literature, diverse hypotheses can be raised regarding the etiology of OAFNS: mosaic mutation, epigenetic anomaly, oligogenism, or nongenetic cause. In conclusion, this series represents further clinical delineation work of the rare OAFNS, and paves the way toward the identification of the causing mechanism.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Orelha Externa/anormalidades , Anormalidades do Olho/diagnóstico , Anormalidades do Olho/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Padrões de Herança , Fenótipo , Anormalidades do Sistema Respiratório/diagnóstico , Anormalidades do Sistema Respiratório/genética , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Facies , Feminino , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Crânio/anormalidades , Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
4.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 3(4): 487-495, 2016 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27911332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is caused by homozygous inactivation of the SMN1 gene. The SMN2 copy number modulates the severity of SMA. The 0SMN1/1SMN2 genotype, the most severe genotype compatible with life, is expected to be associated with the most severe form of the disease, called type 0 SMA, defined by prenatal onset. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to review clinical features and prenatal manifestations in this rare SMA subtype. METHODS: SMA patients with the 0SMN1/1SMN2 genotype were retrospectively collected using the UMD-SMN1 France database. RESULTS: Data from 16 patients were reviewed. These 16 patients displayed type 0 SMA. At birth, a vast majority had profound hypotonia, severe muscle weakness, severe respiratory distress, and cranial nerves involvement (inability to suck/swallow, facial muscles weakness). They showed characteristics of fetal akinesia deformation sequence and congenital heart defects. Recurrent episodes of bradycardia were observed. Death occurred within the first month. At prenatal stage, decreased fetal movements were frequently reported, mostly only by mothers, in late stages of pregnancy; increased nuchal translucency was reported in about half of the cases; congenital heart defects, abnormal amniotic fluid volume, or joint contractures were occasionally reported. CONCLUSION: Despite a prenatal onset attested by severity at birth and signs of fetal akinesia deformation sequence, prenatal manifestations of type 0 SMA are not specific and not constant. As illustrated by the frequent association with congenital heart defects, type 0 SMA physiopathology is not restricted to motor neuron, highlighting that SMN function is critical for organogenesis.


Assuntos
Artrogripose/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Hipotonia Muscular/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/fisiopatologia , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/fisiopatologia , Artrogripose/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/etiologia , Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/etiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/etiologia , Homozigoto , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Expectativa de Vida , Masculino , Hipotonia Muscular/etiologia , Reflexo Anormal , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/complicações , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/diagnóstico por imagem , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/genética , Proteína 1 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética , Proteína 2 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
5.
Am J Med Genet A ; 167A(1): 111-22, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25425167

RESUMO

Array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) has proven its utility in uncovering cryptic rearrangements in patients with X-linked intellectual disability. In 2009, Giorda et al. identified inherited and de novo recurrent Xp11.23p11.22 microduplications in two males and six females from a wide cohort of patients presenting with syndromic intellectual disability. To date, 14 females and 5 males with an overlapping microduplication have been reported in the literature. To further characterize this emerging syndrome, we collected clinical and microarray data from 17 new patients, 10 females, and 7 males. The Xp11.23p11.2 microduplications detected by array CGH ranged in size from 331 Kb to 8.9 Mb. Five patients harbored 4.5 Mb recurrent duplications mediated by non-allelic homologous recombination between segmental duplications and 12 harbored atypical duplications. The chromosomal rearrangement occurred de novo in eight patients and was inherited in six affected males from three families. Patients shared several common major characteristics including moderate to severe intellectual disability, early onset of puberty, language impairment, and age related epileptic syndromes such as West syndrome and focal epilepsy with activation during sleep evolving in some patients to continuous spikes-and-waves during slow sleep. Atypical microduplications allowed us to identify minimal critical regions that might be responsible for specific clinical findings of the syndrome and to suggest possible candidate genes: FTSJ1 and SHROOM4 for intellectual disability along with PQBP1 and SLC35A2 for epilepsy. Xp11.23p11.22 microduplication is a recently-recognized syndrome associated with intellectual disability, epilepsy, and early onset of puberty in females. In this study, we propose several genes that could contribute to the phenotype.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Duplicações Segmentares Genômicas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo
6.
Eur J Med Genet ; 57(5): 200-6, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24462886

RESUMO

Truncating mutations of the BRWD3 gene have been reported in two distinct families with in total four patients so far. By using array-CGH, we detected a 74 Kb de novo deletion encompassing exons 11 through 41 of BRWD3 at Xq21.1 in a 20 year old boy presenting with syndromic intellectual disability. In addition, by using exome sequencing, we ascertained a family with a BRWD3 nonsense mutation, p.Tyr1131*, in four males with intellectual disability. We compared the clinical presentation of these five patients to that of the four patients already described in the literature for further delineation of the clinical spectrum in BRWD3-related intellectual disability. The main symptoms are mild to moderate intellectual disability (n = 9/9) with speech delay (n = 8/8), behavioral disturbances (n = 7/8), macrocephaly (n = 7/9), dysmorphic facial features (n = 9/9) including prominent forehead, pointed chin, deep-set eyes, abnormal ears, and broad hands and feet (n = 6/6), and skeletal symptoms (n = 7/7) like pes planus, scoliosis, kyphosis and cubitus valgus.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Megalencefalia/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Cromossomos Humanos X , Códon sem Sentido , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
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