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1.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586443

RESUMO

The valley depolarization dynamics of free holes in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides are studied by solving the Boltzmann transport equation in real time fully ab inito. While monolayer MoSe2, WS2, WSe2, and MoTe2 possess long hole valley lifetimes due to the spin-valley locking effect, monolayer MoS2 unexpectedly shows ultrafast valley dynamics, with a hole valley lifetime two orders of magnitude shorter than those of the above four materials at room temperature. It is further revealed that the existence of the satellite Γ valley in MoS2 provides an additional hole relaxation path where the Γ valley acts as an intermediate in the hole relaxation between primary K' and K valleys, and moreover, the strong scattering between primary and satellite valleys ensures the ultrafast valley depolarization. By uncovering the pivotal role of the satellite valley, our results may have significant implications for finely controlling valley depolarization in the multivalley materials.

2.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549028

RESUMO

The gut microbiota is a kind of fixed-value bacteria in the human intestine, characterized by a large quantity, a wide variety and interdependence with each other and with the host. The gut microbiota is considered to be an important link in maintaining health and pathogenic mechanism of many diseases. The gut microbiota affects the central nervous system under the action of the microbe-gut-brain axis through nerve, immune, endocrine and metabolic pathways. The gut microbiota not only regulates the gastrointestinal tract but plays a vital role in the development and function of the brain. More and more studies believe that normal gut microbiota is essential for the development of the central nervous system and emotional regulation. The imbalance of the gut microbiota can affect some neuropsychiatric diseases. Probiotics and prebiotics are active microorganisms beneficial to the human body and can regulate the microecological balance of the human intestinal tract. Current research shows that probiotics and prebiotics have a good preventive effect on Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, depression, autism spectrum disorders and other neurological and mental diseases. Based on this, we review the relevant research on the pathogenesis of probiotics and prebiotics and neuropsychiatric diseases, in an attempt to providing new ideas for exploring the treatment and prevention of neuropsychiatric diseases.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615792

RESUMO

We demonstrate how the singlet fission process in pentacene dimers mediated by a conical intersection is controlled by coupling the molecule to a confined optical cavity photon mode. By following the polariton quantum dynamics of a conical intersection coupled to a cavity mode taking into account vibrational relaxation and cavity loss, we find that the singlet fission can be significantly suppressed because the polaritonic conical intersection is pushed away from the initial Franck-Condon excitation region.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(5): 053201, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605757

RESUMO

Core excitations on different atoms are highly localized and therefore decoupled. By placing molecules in an x-ray cavity the core transitions become coupled via the exchange of cavity photons and form delocalized hybrid light-matter excitations known as core polaritons. We demonstrate these effects for the two inequivalent carbon atoms in 1,1-difluoroethylene. Polariton signatures in the x-ray absorption, two-photon absorption, and multidimensional four-wave mixing signals are predicted.

5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 941-950, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33603361

RESUMO

Purpose: Candidemia infection is common in the clinic and has a high mortality rate. Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Candida krusei are very important and common pathogenic species. Candida is difficult to isolate from clinical samples and culture, and immunological detection cannot distinguish these related strains. Furthermore, Candida has a complex cell wall, which causes difficulties in the extraction of DNA for nucleic acid detection. The purpose of this study was to establish a protocol for the direct identification of Candida from serum. Materials and Methods: We synthesized Fe3O4@PEI (where PEI stands for polyethylenimine) magnetic nanoparticles to capture Candida and prepared positively charged silver nanoparticles (AgNPs+) as the substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Candida was directly identified from serum by SERS detection. Results: Orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) was used as the multivariate analysis tool. Principal component analysis confirmed that this method can clearly distinguish common Candida. After 10-fold cross-validation, the accuracy of training data in this model was 100% and the accuracy of test data was 99.8%, indicating that the model has good classification ability. Conclusion: The detection could be completed within 40 minutes using Fe3O4@PEI and AgNPs+ prepared in advance. This is the first time that Fe3O4@PEI was used in the detection of Candida by SERS. We report the first rapid method to identify fungi directly from serum without breaking the cell wall to extract DNA from the fungi.

6.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, prostate cancer (PCa) remains a hard nut to crack for the medical community. Therefore, the identification and development of novel biomarkers that can accurately diagnose disease and predict prognosis are of paramount importance. The objective of this study was to examine the clinical value of DACT-2 promoter methylation in serum of patients with PCa, to discover a potential diagnostic marker for PCa. METHODS: We investigated the methylation status of DACT-2 in the serum of 64 patients with PCa, 22 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and 47 healthy subjects by methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and real-time methylation-specific PCR (QMSP). Further, we evaluated the relationship between DACT-2 methylation and clinic pathological parameters. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was applied to assess the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic value of DACT-2 methylation and PSA levels. RESULTS: The results of MSP and QMSP showed that the level of methylation of DACT-2 promoter in patients with PCa was significantly higher than that in patients with BPH and healthy subjects. The PCa patients Gleason score and tumor node metastasis (TNM) positively correlated with promoter methylation level of serum DACT-2. The DACT-2 methylation rate was 0.745 with a sensitivity of 81.8%, and a specificity of 75.0%, the sensitivity, and specificity of PSA was 80.1% and 59.4%. ROC curve results displayed that the diagnostic value of DACT-2 is superior to PSA. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that the level of methylation of the DACT-2 promoter in patients with PCa is much higher than that in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and healthy subjects, suggesting that DACT-2 methylation in serum is a potential biomarker of PCa.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(3)2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436412

RESUMO

X-ray diffraction is routinely used for structure determination of stationary molecular samples. Modern X-ray photon sources, e.g., from free-electron lasers, enable us to add temporal resolution to these scattering events, thereby providing a movie of atomic motions. We simulate and decipher the various contributions to the X-ray diffraction pattern for the femtosecond isomerization of azobenzene, a textbook photochemical process. A wealth of information is encoded besides real-time monitoring of the molecular charge density for the cis to trans isomerization. In particular, vibronic coherences emerge at the conical intersection, contributing to the total diffraction signal by mixed elastic and inelastic photon scattering. They cause distinct phase modulations in momentum space, which directly reflect the real-space phase modulation of the electronic transition density during the nonadiabatic passage. To overcome the masking by the intense elastic scattering contributions from the electronic populations in the total diffraction signal, we discuss how this information can be retrieved, e.g., by employing very hard X-rays to record large scattering momentum transfers.

8.
Opt Lett ; 46(1): 110-113, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362028

RESUMO

Vortex beams carrying optical angular momentum (AM) could drive the orbital motion of a small particle around the optical axis. In general, the orbital rotation speed of trapped particles increases linearly with the increasing laser power. Beyond the linear optics regime, in this work, we investigate both the optical force and torque on a two-photon absorbing Rayleigh particle produced by the tightly focused femtosecond-pulsed circularly polarized vortex beam. Different from the trapping dynamics of particles without two-photon absorption (TPA), it is shown that the orbital motion of trapped particles with TPA accelerates nonlinearly as the laser power increases. Moreover, the orbital motion acceleration of trapped particles is proportional to the TPA coefficient. The corresponding underlying mechanism is discussed in detail. Our results may find interesting applications in the characterization of the optical nonlinearity of a single nanoparticle, and AM manipulation and particle transportation in the nonlinear optics regime.

9.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 485, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is the leading cause of long-term motor disability and cognitive impairment. Recently, neurogenesis has become an attractive strategy for the chronic recovery of stroke. It is important to understand the molecular mechanism that promotes neural stem cell (NSC) neurogenesis for future NSC-based therapies. Our previous study showed that Momordica charantia polysaccharides (MCPs) exerted neuroprotective effects on stroke via their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation activities. However, it remains unknown whether MCPs promote NSC neurogenesis after cerebral ischemic/reperfusion injury (IRI). METHODS: We investigated MCPs' function in differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) in vivo and in vitro experiments. Based on a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model, the effect of MCPs on neuronal differentiation after MCAO was analyzed. Primary NSCs and neural stem cell line C17.2 were cultured and subjected to glutamate stimulation to establish the cell model of IRI. We evaluated the effect of MCPs on NSC differentiation in IRI cell model by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. The SIRT1 activity of NSCs post glutamate stimulation was also evaluated by CELL SIRT1 COLORIMETRY ASSAY KIT. In addition, molecular mechanism was clarified by employing the activator and inhibitor of SIRT1. RESULTS: MCPs had no effects on the differentiation of neural stem cells under physiological conditions while shifted NSC differentiation potential from the gliogenic to neurogenic lineage under pathological conditions. Activation of SIRT1 with MCPs was responsible for the neuronal differentiation of C17.2-NSCs. The neuronal differentiation effect of MCPs was attributed to upregulation SIRT1-mediated deacetylation of ß-catenin. MCP-induced deacetylation via SIRT1 promoted nuclear accumulation of ß-catenin in NSCs. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the deacetylation of ß-catenin by SIRT1 represents a critical mechanism of action of MCPs in promoting NSC neuronal differentiation. It provides an improved understanding of molecular mechanism underlying neuroprotective effects of MCPs in IRI, indicating its potential role on treating ischemic stroke especially chronic recovery.

10.
Anal Chem ; 92(23): 15542-15549, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207872

RESUMO

A rapid and accurate method for detection of virus (SARS-CoV-2)-specific antibodies is important to contain the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, which is still urgently needed. Here, we develop a colorimetric-fluorescent dual-mode lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) biosensor for rapid, sensitive, and simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG in human serum using spike (S) protein-conjugated SiO2@Au@QD nanobeads (NBs) as labels. The assay only needs 1 µL of the serum sample, can be completed within 15 min, and is 100 times more sensitive than the colloidal gold-based LFIA. Two detection modes of our biosensor are available: the colorimetric mode for rapid screening of the patients with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection without any special instrument and the fluorescent mode for sensitive and quantitative analyses to determine the concentrations of specific IgM/IgG in human serum and detect the infection early and precisely. We validated the proposed method using 16 positive serum samples from patients with COVID-19 and 41 negative samples from patients with other viral respiratory infections. The results demonstrated that combined detection of virus-specific IgM and IgG via SiO2@Au@QD LFIA can identify 100% of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection with 100% specificity.

11.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0243066, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253287

RESUMO

Candidiasis causes high morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. Antifungal drug resistance and cytotoxicity highlight the need of effective antifungal therapeutics. In this study, we found that kalopanaxsaponin A (KPA), a triterpenoid saponin natural product, could inhibit the proliferation of various Candida species, and exerted a fungicidal effect against C. albicans. To further explore its antifungal action mode, spectrofluorophotometer, fluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were performed, showing that KPA treatment induced the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction. Meanwhile, KPA treatment also broke down the membrane barrier of C. albicans causing the leakage of intracellular trehalose, the entrance of extracellular impermeable substance and the decrease of ergosterol content. Both ROS accumulation and membrane destruction contributed to the death of C. albicans cells. Our work preliminarily elucidated the potential mechanisms of KPA against C. albicans on a cellular level, and might provide a potential option for the treatment of clinical candidiasis.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 596005, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240250

RESUMO

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is regarded as one of the most harmful pathogenic microorganisms related to foodborne diseases. This paper proposes a rapid-detection biosensor for the sensitive and quantitative analysis of E. coli O157:H7 in biological samples by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA). A novel gold-shell silica-core (SiO2/Au) nanosphere (NP) with monodispersity, good stability, and excellent SERS activity was utilized to prepare high-performance tags for the SERS-based LFIA system. The SiO2/Au SERS tags, which were modified with two layers of Raman reporter molecules and monoclonal antibodies, effectively bind with E. coli O157:H7 and form sandwich immune complexes on the test lines. E. coli O157:H7 was quantitatively detected easily by detecting the Raman intensity of the test lines. Under optimal conditions, the limit of detection (LOD) of the SiO2/Au-based SERS-LIFA strips for the target bacteria was 50 cells/mL in PBS solution, indicating these strips are 2,000 times more sensitive than colloidal Au-based LFIA strips. Moreover, the proposed assay demonstrated high applicability in E. coli O157:H7 detection in biological samples, including tap water, milk, human urine, lettuce extract and beef, with a low LOD of 100 cells/mL. Results indicate that the proposed SERS-based LFIA strip is applicable for the sensitive and quantitative determination of E. coli O157:H7.

13.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1697, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014844

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic values of EpCAM, TGM2, and HE4 in endometrial cancer (EC). Methods: In this study, 42 patients diagnosed with EC (EC group), 41 patients diagnosed with myoma (benign group), and 43 healthy women (healthy group), who applied to Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University between March 2018 - September 2019 were recruited. Serum EpCAM, TGM2, and IL-33 levels were measured by ELISA, while serum HE4 and CA-125 levels were measured by ECLIA. The serum markers listed above were also measured in 12 paired pre- and post-operative EC patients. The diagnostic and prognostic values of serum markers were analyzed. Results: The serum EpCAM, TGM2, HE4, CA-125, and IL-33 levels were significantly higher in the EC group. The sensitivity and specificity of combined detection of EpCAM and HE4 was 92.86 and 69.05%, which were significantly higher than using a single marker or other combinations. Among these markers, serum HE4 levels were significantly higher in patients with myometrial invasion, metastasis, and lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.006, p = 0.0004, p = 0.0004, respectively). And serum TGM2 levels were significantly decreased in post-operative than that of pre-operative EC patients (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The combination of EpCAM and HE4 showed the highest specificity and sensitivity in the diagnosis of EC. HE4 was successful in the detection of high-risk individuals preoperatively. Additionally, TGM2 might be a prognostic factor for EC.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(19): 8177-8182, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877607

RESUMO

We demonstrate that two-photon excitations to bipolariton states created by placing several molecules in an optical cavity can be manipulated by quantum light. Entangled photons can access classically dark bipolariton states by modifying the quantum interferences of two-photon transition pathways involving different single-polariton intermediate states and time-ordering of the two photon beams.

15.
Int Microbiol ; 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880768

RESUMO

Shigellosis is a highly infectious disease that is mainly transmitted via fecal-oral contact of the bacteria Shigella. Four species have been identified in Shigella genus, among which Shigella flexneri is used to be the most prevalent species globally and commonly isolated from developing countries. However, it is being replaced by Shigella sonnei that is currently the main causative agent for dysentery pandemic in many emerging industrialized countries such as Asia and the Middle East. For a better understanding of S. sonnei virulence and antibiotic resistance, we sequenced 12 clinical S. sonnei strains with varied antibiotic-resistance profiles collected from four cities in Jiangsu Province, China. Phylogenomic analysis clustered antibiotic-sensitive and resistant S. sonnei into two distinct groups while pan-genome analysis reveals the presence and absence of unique genes in each group. Screening of 31 classes of virulence factors found out that type 2 secretion system is doubled in resistant strains. Further principle component analysis based on the interactions between virulence and resistance indicated that abundant virulence factors are associated with higher levels of antibiotic resistance. The result present here is based on statistical analysis of a small sample size and serves basically as a guidance for further experimental and theoretical studies.

16.
Opt Express ; 28(19): 27808-27822, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988066

RESUMO

Since the fundamental building blocks of life are built of chiral amino acids and chiral sugar, enantiomer separation is of great interest in plenty of chemical syntheses. Light-chiral material interaction leads to a unique chiral optical force, which possesses opposite directions for specimens with different handedness. However, usually the enantioselective sorting is challenging in optical tweezers due to the dominating achiral force. In this work, we propose an optical technique to sort chiral specimens by use of a transverse optical needle field with a transverse spin (TONFTS), which is constructed through reversing the radiation patterns from an array of paired orthogonal electric dipoles located in the focal plane of a 4Pi microscopy and experimentally generated with a home-built vectorial optical field generator. It is demonstrated that the transverse component of the photonic spin gives rise to the chiral optical force perpendicular to the direction of the light's propagation, while the transverse achiral gradient force would be dramatically diminished by the uniform intensity profile of the optical needle field. Consequently, chiral nanoparticles with different handedness would be laterally sorted by the TONFTS and trapped at different locations along the optical needle field, providing a feasible route toward all-optical enantiopure chemical syntheses and enantiomer separations in pharmaceuticals.

17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(10): 570, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939582

RESUMO

An on-site detection strategy is reported based on dual-color SiO2@quantum dot (QD)-integrated lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) strip to realize the quantitative and simultaneous detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in serum. The dual-color SiO2@QD nanotags with monodispersity and excellent luminescence were synthesized using polyethyleneimine-mediated electrostatic adsorption of dense red CdSe/ZnS-COOH (excitation/emission 365/625 nm) or green CdSe/ZnS-COOH (excitation/emission 365/525 nm) QDs on the surface of 180 nm SiO2 spheres and were conjugated with anti-PCT and anti-CRP monoclonal antibodies, as stable and fluorescent-enhanced QD nanotags in the LFA system. The use of SiO2@QDs with two different fluorescent signals caused the sensitivity and specificity of the multiplex LFA system. As a result, the proposed assay provided a wide logarithmic determination range with a CRP quantitative range of 0.5-103 ng/mL and PCT quantitative range of 0.05-103 ng/mL. The limits of detection (LODs) of CRP and PCT reached 0.5 and 0.05 ng/mL, respectively. The SiO2@QD-based LFA showed great potential as rapid detection tool for the simultaneous monitoring of CRP and PCT in serum sample.

18.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 9(4): 1554-1568, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32953527

RESUMO

Over the past decade, revolution in microbial research has provided valuable insights into the function of microbes that inhabit human body. This complex community of microbes, collectively named as microbiota, displays tremendous interaction with a host to maintain homeostasis of the local environment. Lungs were even previously regarded as sterile for a long time. With the development of high-throughput next-generation sequencing technology, a low-density, diversified microbial ecosystem is found in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, sputum, and lung tissues. Current research confirms that, compared with healthy people, patients with lung cancer show changes in the relative abundance of multiple genera. Emerging evidence has suggested that dysbiosis of the lung microbiota may play a critical role in lung carcinogenesis by affecting metabolic, inflammatory pathways and immune response. We briefly summarize the relationship between lung microbiome and lung cancer and discuss the potential mechanisms mediating lung microbiota and lung cancer. Thus, we provide innovative strategies for early prevention and personalized treatment of lung cancer.

19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 6401-6408, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32904597

RESUMO

Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has become one of the most important factors threatening human health, and about 20-30% antibiotic-related diarrhea cases and almost all pseudomembranous enteritis cases are related to CDI. The high recurrence of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) and the emergence of drug resistance make clinical treatment of CDI difficult. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a non-antibiotic-alternative therapy against CDI. Gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) can better interact with bacteria due to its ultrasmall size. The aim of the present study was to explore whether AuNCs could be used as an antibacterial agent to kill C. difficile. Methods: AuNCs and C. difficile were co-cultivated in an anaerobic atmosphere to evaluate the bactericidal effect of AuNCs. The bacterial growth rate was estimated by using two concentrations of AuNCs (50 and 100 µM). The damage of AuNCs to C. difficile is detected by SYTOX Green staining methods and SEM image analysis. The mechanism of AuNCs on C. difficile was explored by reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection. The toxic effect of AuNCs on human cells was evaluated by MTT method. Results: AuNCs (100 µM) killed C. difficile drastically. AuNCs increased the release of ROS by about 5 fold and destroyed the membrane integrity of C. difficile cells without causing significant toxic effect on human cells. Conclusion: AuNCs showed great potential as an alternative to traditional antibiotics in killing C. difficile and may prove to be an alternative to treat CDI.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ouro/farmacologia , Nanoestruturas/química , Linhagem Celular , /metabolismo , Ouro/química , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
20.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(8): e1008705, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853291

RESUMO

The recent outbreak of human infections caused by SARS-CoV-2, the third zoonotic coronavirus has raised great public health concern globally. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of this novel pathogen posts great challenges not only clinically but also technologically. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR) have been the most commonly used molecular methodologies. However, each has their own limitations. In this study, we developed an isothermal, CRISPR-based diagnostic for COVID-19 with near single-copy sensitivity. The diagnostic performances of all three technology platforms were also compared. Our study aimed to provide more insights into the molecular detection of SARS-CoV-2, and also to present a novel diagnostic option for this new emerging virus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Bactérias/genética , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas/genética , Genes Virais/genética , Genoma Viral/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/economia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/economia , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Pandemias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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