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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488263

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the occurrence level of depressive symptoms and it's influencing factors among gas field workers. Methods: In October 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 1726 gas field workers from a gas field by using cluster sampling method. Questionaire was used to evaluate the individual factors, depressive symptoms, occupational stress factors and stress regulatory factors. The correlation between depressive symptoms and occupational stress was analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of depressive symptoms. Results: The depressive symptoms score of gas field workers was 12.00 (7.00, 19.00) point. Correlation analysis revealed that depressive symptoms score was positively related to sleep disorders (r=0.598) , effort (r=0.186) , daily tension (r=0.478) , negative affectivity (r=0.565) , social support (r=0.446) and monotony of work (r=0.484) (P<0.01) . And it was negatively related to reward (r=-0.386) , work stability (r=-0.294) , promotion opportunities (r=-0.258) , positive affectivity (r= -0.310) , self-efficacy (r=-0.312) , contral strategy (r=-0.268) , support strategy (r=-0.209) and job satisfaction (r=-0.398) (P<0.01) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that sleep disorder, high negative affectivity, low support from colleagues, low support from family, high monotony of work and high daily tension were the risk factors for depressive symptoms of gas field worker (OR=3.423, 95%CI: 2.644-4.397; OR=2.847, 95%CI: 2.200-3.683; OR=1.646, 95%CI: 1.215-2.116; OR=1.496, 95%CI: 1.164-1.923; OR=1.578, 95%CI: 1.227-2.303; OR=1.903, 95%CI: 1.480-2.440; P<0.01) . High work stability, high self-efficacy and high job satisfaction were protective factors for depressive symptoms of gas field workers (OR=0.752, 95%CI: 0.591-0.958; OR=0.590, 95%CI: 0.465-0.749; OR=0.718, 95%CI: 0.516-0.999; P<0.05) . Conclusion: Occupational stress factors have a great influence on the depressive symptoms of gas field workers. Increased work stability, self-efficacy and job satisfaction could reduce the risk of depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
Depressão , Estresse Ocupacional , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(8): 821-826, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407585

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the expression pattern, mechanism and clinical significance of melanoma-associated antigen-C2 (MAGE-C2) in tumor-free breast specimens, breast benign disease specimens and breast cancer specimens. Methods: Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the expressions of MAGE-C2 in 60 tumor-free breast specimens, 60 breast benign disease specimens and 60 breast cancer specimens. The correlation of MAGE-C2 expression with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of breast cancer patients were analyzed. The expression of MAGE-C2 was also detected by RT-PCR in breast cancer cell MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 treated with DNA methylase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) and histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA). Results: The positive expression rates of MAGE-C2 mRNA and protein were 61.7% (37/60) and 58.3% (35/60) in breast cancer specimens, respectively, while negative expressed in breast and begin disease specimens. MAGE-C2 protein expression was associated with tumor grade, histological type and blood vessel invasion of breast cancer patients (P<0.05). The incidence of recurrence-free survival of patients with positive MAGE-C2 expression were lower than that of patients with negative MAGE-C2 expression (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the clinical stage (P<0.01), lymph node metastasis (P<0.05) and MAGE-C2 expression (P<0.05) were the independent prognostic factors of breast cancer patients. The MAGE-C2 mRNA was not observed in the control and TSA treated breast cancer cells while upregulated in the 5-aza-CdR treated cells. Besides, 5-aza-CdR combined with TSA further enhanced MAGE-C2 mRNA level in breast cancer cells (P<0.05). Conclusions: MAGE-C2 is one of the tumor-specific antigen and its expression is related with the poor prognosis of breast cancer patients. DNA methylation and histone acetylation may be an important regulation mechanism of MAGE-C2 gene expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Melanoma , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Decitabina/farmacologia , Feminino , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Humanos
3.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 72(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272350

RESUMO

To determine whether curcumin (Cur) can treat mice with experimentally-induced colitis by regulating follicular helper T cells (Tfh) and follicular regulatory T cells (Tfr) by inhibiting interleukin (IL)-21. In this study, 40 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly grouped into four groups, i.e., normal, trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS), TNBS + curcumin, and TNBS + anti-IL-21. Mice with experimental colitis were induced by 100 mg/kg TNBS. The mice in the TNBS + Cur group were treated with 100 mg/kg curcumin for seven days, and mice in the TNBS + anti-IL-21 group were treated with anti-IL-21 (150 µg/mouse) once per week, intraperitoneally, starting on the second day after establishing the experimental colitis model. On day eight, the therapeutic effect of curcumin was evaluated by colon mucosa damage index (CMDI), histological examination, and disease activity index (DAI). Furthermore, the number of CD4 + CXCR5 + PD-1 + Tfh and CD4 + CXCR5 + FoxP3 + Tfr cells were measured by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of IL-21, Bcl-6, FOXP3, ICOS, and PD-1 in colonic mucosa was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and the Western blot technique. Compared with the TNBS group, the DAI, CMDI, histological score, the number of CD4 + CXCR5 + PD-1 + Tfh cells, the expression of IL-21, Bcl-6, ICOS, and PD-1 were significantly decreased in the TNBS + curcumin group and TNBS + anti-IL-21 group; body weight, number of CD4 + CXCR5 + FoxP3 + Tfr cells, and the expression of FoxP3 were observably elevated in the TNBS + curcumin group (all P < 0.05). Curcumin may have a potential therapeutic effect on mice with colitis treated experimentally through regulation of the balance of Tfh and Tfr cells via inhibiting the synthesis of IL-21.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3197, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045452

RESUMO

The quantum Hall effect (QHE) is traditionally considered to be a purely two-dimensional (2D) phenomenon. Recently, however, a three-dimensional (3D) version of the QHE was reported in the Dirac semimetal ZrTe5. It was proposed to arise from a magnetic-field-driven Fermi surface instability, transforming the original 3D electron system into a stack of 2D sheets. Here, we report thermodynamic, spectroscopic, thermoelectric and charge transport measurements on such ZrTe5 samples. The measured properties: magnetization, ultrasound propagation, scanning tunneling spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy, show no signatures of a Fermi surface instability, consistent with in-field single crystal X-ray diffraction. Instead, a direct comparison of the experimental data with linear response calculations based on an effective 3D Dirac Hamiltonian suggests that the quasi-quantization of the observed Hall response emerges from the interplay of the intrinsic properties of the ZrTe5 electronic structure and its Dirac-type semi-metallic character.

5.
Nat Mater ; 20(3): 329-334, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462464

RESUMO

Dissipationless currents from topologically protected states are promising for disorder-tolerant electronics and quantum computation. Here, we photogenerate giant anisotropic terahertz nonlinear currents with vanishing scattering, driven by laser-induced coherent phonons of broken inversion symmetry in a centrosymmetric Dirac material ZrTe5. Our work suggests that this phononic terahertz symmetry switching leads to formation of Weyl points, whose chirality manifests in a transverse, helicity-dependent current, orthogonal to the dynamical inversion symmetry breaking axis, via circular photogalvanic effect. The temperature-dependent topological photocurrent exhibits several distinct features: Berry curvature dominance, particle-hole reversal near conical points and chirality protection that is responsible for an exceptional ballistic transport length of ~10 µm. These results, together with first-principles modelling, indicate two pairs of Weyl points dynamically created by B1u phonons of broken inversion symmetry. Such phononic terahertz control breaks ground for coherent manipulation of Weyl nodes and robust quantum transport without application of static electric or magnetic fields.

6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 406, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462222

RESUMO

A quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulator hosts topological states at the one-dimensional (1D) edge, along which backscattering by nonmagnetic impurities is strictly prohibited. Its 3D analogue, a weak topological insulator (WTI), possesses similar quasi-1D topological states confined at side surfaces. The enhanced confinement could provide a route for dissipationless current and better advantages for applications relative to strong topological insulators (STIs). However, the topological side surface is usually not cleavable and is thus hard to observe. Here, we visualize the topological states of the WTI candidate ZrTe5 by spin and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES): a quasi-1D band with spin-momentum locking was revealed on the side surface. We further demonstrate that the bulk band gap is controlled by external strain, realizing a more stable WTI state or an ideal Dirac semimetal (DS) state. The highly directional spin-current and the tunable band gap in ZrTe5 will provide an excellent platform for applications.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 597, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500415

RESUMO

In strongly correlated systems the strength of Coulomb interactions between electrons, relative to their kinetic energy, plays a central role in determining their emergent quantum mechanical phases. We perform resonant x-ray scattering on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ, a prototypical cuprate superconductor, to probe electronic correlations within the CuO2 plane. We discover a dynamic quasi-circular pattern in the x-y scattering plane with a radius that matches the wave vector magnitude of the well-known static charge order. Along with doping- and temperature-dependent measurements, our experiments reveal a picture of charge order competing with superconductivity where short-range domains along x and y can dynamically rotate into any other in-plane direction. This quasi-circular spectrum, a hallmark of Brazovskii-type fluctuations, has immediate consequences to our understanding of rotational and translational symmetry breaking in the cuprates. We discuss how the combination of short- and long-range Coulomb interactions results in an effective non-monotonic potential that may determine the quasi-circular pattern.

8.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 38(11): 819-822, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287473

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the level of social support and its correlation with occupational stress among gas production workers in the field. Methods: In October 2018, the cluster sampling method was used to perform a cross-sectional survey for 1726 gas production workers in the field, and related data of these workers were collected, including age, education level, marital status, level of social support, and related factors for occupational stress. A Spearman's rank correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between social support and occupational stress, and the levels of occupational stress-related factors were compared between the groups with different social support scores. Results: The gas production workers in the field had a median (25th percentile, 75th percentile) social support score of 24.00 (19.00, 28.00) , and there was a significant difference in social support score between the workers with different posts or work shifts (P<0.01) . Social support score was positively correlated with effort, daily stress, negative emotion, and job routinization (P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with job satisfaction, reward, working stability, and promotion opportunity (P<0.05) . The group with a high social support score had significantly higher scores of effort, job routinization, sleep disorders, and daily stress than the other two groups (P<0.01) , and the group with a low social support score had significantly higher scores of reward, self-efficacy, positive affection, and job satisfaction than the other two groups (P<0.01) . Conclusion: High-level social support plays an important role in alleviating occupational stress and protecting mental health among gas production workers in the field.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Estresse Psicológico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(12): 1177-1181, 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353273

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of transgluteal percutaneous drainage using double catheterization cannula in the treatment of deep pelvic abscess. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of patients who underwent transgluteal percutaneous drainage using double catheterization cannula with deep pelvic abscesses admitted to the Jinling Hospital from May 2017 to September 2020 was conducted. Seven patients were enrolled, including 5 males and 2 females, who aged 26-74 (median 53.0) years old, and all of them had digestive fistula. One male patient was punctured again due to the tube falling off, and a total of 7 patients underwent 8 times of transgluteal percutaneous drainage, all under the guidance of CT. The puncture and drainage steps of the double catheterization cannula group are as follows: (1) Locate the puncture point under CT in the lateral position; (2) Place the trocar into the abscess cavity; (3) Confirm that the trocar is located in the abscess cavity under CT; (4) Pull out the inner core and insert into the double catheterization cannula through the operating hole; (5) Confirmthat the double catheterization cannula is located in the abscess cavity under CT; (6) The double catheterization cannula is properly fixed to prevent it from falling off. The white blood cells, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) of all patients before the drainage and 1 days, 3 days, and 5 days after the drainage were collected, as well as the bacterial culture results of the drainage fluid. The changes of various infection biomarkers before and after the drainage were compared. Results: All 7 patients were cured. No complications such as hemorrhage and severe pain were observed. The average time with drainage tube was 60.8 (18-126) days. Five patients finally underwent gastrointestinal reconstruction surgery due to gastrointestinal fistula. The median serum interleukin-6 of patients before drainage, 1 day, 3 days and 5 days after drainage were 181.6 (113.0, 405.4) µg/L, 122.2 (55.8, 226.0) µg/L, 59.2 (29.0,203.5) µg/L and 64.1 (30.0,88.4) µg/L, respectively.The level of serum interleukin-6 at 3 days and 5 days after drainage was significantly lower than before drainage (F=3.586, P=0.026). Although the white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, and procalcitonin decreased gradually after drainage compared with before drainage, the difference was not statistically significant (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Transgluteal percutaneous drainage with double catheterization cannula is simple and effective, and can be used for the treatment of deep pelvic abscess.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Fístula do Sistema Digestório/complicações , Drenagem/métodos , Infecção Pélvica/cirurgia , Abscesso/etiologia , Abscesso/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Nádegas/cirurgia , Cateterismo/métodos , Fístula do Sistema Digestório/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecção Pélvica/etiologia , Pelve/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1202-1206, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147917

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation of job monotony and social support on daily hassle. Methods: A convenient sampling survey of demographics characteristics, job monotony, social support and daily hassle was conducted on 1 466 natural gas field workers by questionnaire in October; 2018. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation of job monotony and social support on daily hassle. Results: The age of 1 466 subjects was (44.47±8.0) years and the length of service was (20.46±5.77) years. There were 258(17.6%), 173(11.8%), 799(54.5%), 120(8.2%) and 116(7.9%) subjects from production and marketing department, processing plant, branch, maintenance department and emergency center respectively. There were 374(25.5%) and 1 092(74.5%) subjects with high and low level of job monotony, and 398(27.1%), 648(44.2%) and 420(28.6%) subjects with high, middle and low level of social support. There were 464(31.7%) and 1 002(68.3%) subjects with high and low daily tension respectively. Compared with the low level of job monotony, the high level of job monotony had a higher risk of daily hassle(OR=4.83,P<0.001), and compared with the high level of social support, the middle and low level of social support had a higher risk of daily hassle(OR=1.25, 2.24,P<0.05). Conclusion: Job monotony and social support were associated with daily hassle.


Assuntos
Gás Natural , Estresse Psicológico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1213-1219, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147919

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the interaction between shift work and psychological capital on abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. Methods: A convenient sampling survey of demographics characteristics, shift work and psychological capital was conducted on 1 415 natural gas field workers by questionnaire in October 2018,and their physiological and biochemical indexes were measured according to standard norms. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the interaction between shift work and psychological capital on abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. Results: For 1 415 subjectsthe prevalence of abnormal blood glucose was 21.2%, the prevalence of diabetes was 8.3%.The prevalence of abnormal total cholesterol was 40.4%, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 11.3%.The prevalence of abnormal triglyceride was 41.6%, the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia was 24.7%.The detection rate of Low-density Lipoprotein was 17.3%, the detection rate of Low-density Lipoprotein was 4.0%, and the detection rate of high-density Lipoprotein was 1.3%. Multiple logistic regression model analysis showed that shift work, the low level of self-efficacy and the low level of optimism was positively associated with abnormal blood glucose, respectively (P<0.05). Shift work was positively associated with abnormal triglyceride (P<0.05). However, there was no interaction between shift work, low self-efficacy, low hope, low resilience, and low optimism on abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. Conclusion: Shift work was a risk factor of abnormal blood glucose and triglyceride, self-efficacy and optimism were protective factors of abnormal blood glucose. There was no multiplicative interaction between shift work and psychological capital on abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in the study population.


Assuntos
Hipertrigliceridemia , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Glicemia , Glucose , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Gás Natural
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5926, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230118

RESUMO

Interacting electrons confined to their lowest Landau level in a high magnetic field can form a variety of correlated states, some of which manifest themselves in a Hall effect. Although such states have been predicted to occur in three-dimensional semimetals, a corresponding Hall response has not yet been experimentally observed. Here, we report the observation of an unconventional Hall response in the quantum limit of the bulk semimetal HfTe5, adjacent to the three-dimensional quantum Hall effect of a single electron band at low magnetic fields. The additional plateau-like feature in the Hall conductivity of the lowest Landau level is accompanied by a Shubnikov-de Haas minimum in the longitudinal electrical resistivity and its magnitude relates as 3/5 to the height of the last plateau of the three-dimensional quantum Hall effect. Our findings are consistent with strong electron-electron interactions, stabilizing an unconventional variant of the Hall effect in a three-dimensional material in the quantum limit.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(19): 9852-9859, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in the pathogenesis and development of multiple cancers, including osteosarcoma (OS). The present study aims to investigate the role of LINC00665 in OS progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression levels of LINC00665 and miR-3619 were assessed by RT-qPCR. The correlation between LINC00665 and miR-3619 expression was evaluated by Pearson's correlation analysis. The interaction between LINC00665 and miR-3619 was predicted by starBase, which was further confirmed by Luciferase reporter assay and RIP assay. The viability, invasion, and migration of OS cells were analyzed by CCK-8 and transwell assays. RESULTS: LINC00665 expression was upregulated in OS tissues and cell lines, and the high level of LINC00665 was associated with poor prognosis in OS. Moreover, LINC00665 knockdown attenuated the viability, invasion, and migration of OS cells. In addition, miR-3619 was demonstrated to be a target of LINC00665. Overexpression of miR-3619 inhibited OS progression, while this effect was abolished by the upregulation of LINC00665. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that LINC 00665 accelerated OS development by targeting miR-3619. These findings might provide potential treatment strategies for patients with OS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteossarcoma/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892584

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of sound insulation improvement on the noise exposure of workers in the operation room of hot rolling line for wide and heavy plate. Methods: From September 2019 to September 2017, based on the occupational health Survey, the data of 25 fixed operation rooms and workers in operation rooms of a steel rolling production line were collected retrospectively, the noise exposure levels before and after the improvement of sound insulation were statistically analyzed. Results: The noise exposure value of the workers, the qualified rate of 0 Grade 8 hours equivalent noise (L(EX, 8 h)) ≤85 dB (A) and the qualified rate of the design limit value of the operation room were all higher than those before the modification, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01) , after the renovation, the Class II and above noise hazards were eliminated, the equivalent continuous a sound level (L(Aeq, 8 h)) >75 dB (A) of the workers in the operation room was 8h, and the noise level in the operation room still did not meet the Ergonomics limit standard. Conclusion: The improvement of sound insulation can effectively improve the working environment of noise workplace operating room and reduce the workers'noise exposure level.


Assuntos
Metalurgia , Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aço , Local de Trabalho
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746568

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between sleep quality and occupational stress in field gas recovery workers. Methods: In October 2018, cluster sampling method was adopted to conduct cross-sectional survey on 1726 field workers in a gas production oilfield. The individual characteristics, occupational stress factors, stress regulation factors, stress response and sleep quality, social support and coping strategies were evaluated by occupational stress measurement tools and job content questionnaire. Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis H test were used to compare sleep quality scores between the groups. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between sleep quality and occupational stress, and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze multiple factors. Results: There were significant differences in sleep quality scores among different positions, gender, marital status, age, length of service, smoking and drinking (P<0.05) . There were no significant differences in sleep quality scores between different education levels and work shift groups (P>0.05) . Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that sleep quality score was negatively correlated with job satisfaction, reward, job stability, promotion opportunity, positive emotion, respect, self-esteem, control strategy, support strategy and self-efficacy score (r(s)=-0.361, -0.311, -0.238, -0.261, -0.248, -0.212, -0.139, -0.188, -0.152, -0.226, P<0.01) , and was positively correlated with social support, giving, daily tension, negative emotion, work monotony and depression symptom (r(s)=0.312, 0.279, 0.547, 0.493, 0.429, 0.599, P<0.01) . Compared with the high sleep quality score group, the middle and low sleep quality score groups had lower giving, work monotony, daily tension, depressive symptoms, negative emotions and social support (P<0.01) , while the scores of respect, reward, job satisfaction, positive emotion, self-efficacy, job stability, promotion opportunity, control strategy and support strategy were higher (P<0.01) . Multiple depressive symptoms, high daily tension, high negative emotion and high work monotony were the risk factors for sleep disorders (OR=3.417, 2.659, 2.913, 1.543) . Conclusion: Depressive symptoms, daily tension and negative emotion have great influence on sleep quality of field gas recovery workers.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Sono , Estresse Psicológico , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Ocupações , Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(7): 073909, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32752826

RESUMO

The exploration of new materials, novel quantum phases, and devices requires ways to prepare cleaner samples with smaller feature sizes. Initially, this meant the use of a cleanroom that limits the amount and size of dust particles. However, many materials are highly sensitive to oxygen and water in the air. Furthermore, the ever-increasing demand for a quantum workforce, trained and able to use the equipment for creating and characterizing materials, calls for a dramatic reduction in the cost to create and operate such facilities. To this end, we present our cleanroom-in-a-glovebox, a system that allows for the fabrication and characterization of devices in an inert argon atmosphere. We demonstrate the ability to perform a wide range of characterization as well as fabrication steps, without the need for a dedicated room, all in an argon environment. Finally, we discuss the custom-built antechamber attached to the back of the glovebox. This antechamber allows the glovebox to interface with ultra-high vacuum equipment such as molecular-beam epitaxy and scanning tunneling microscopy.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11426, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651413

RESUMO

Doped antiferromagnets host a vast array of physical properties and learning how to control them is one of the biggest challenges of condensed matter physics. [Formula: see text] (LSNO) is a classic example of such a material. At low temperatures holes introduced via substitution of La by Sr segregate into lines to form boundaries between magnetically ordered domains in the form of stripes. The stripes become dynamic at high temperatures, but LSNO remains insulating presumably because an interplay between magnetic correlations and electron-phonon coupling localizes charge carriers. Magnetic degrees of freedom have been extensively investigated in this system, but phonons are almost completely unexplored. We searched for electron-phonon anomalies in LSNO by inelastic neutron scattering. Giant renormalization of plane Ni-O bond-stretching modes that modulate the volume around Ni appears on entering the dynamic charge stripe phase. Other phonons are a lot less sensitive to stripe melting. Dramatic overdamping of the breathing modes indicates that dynamic stripe phase may host small polarons. We argue that this feature sets electron-phonon coupling in nickelates apart from that in cuprates where breathing phonons are not overdamped and point out remarkable similarities with the colossal magnetoresistance manganites.

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(20): 207005, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501068

RESUMO

The discovery of charge-density-wave-related effects in the resonant inelastic x-ray scattering spectra of cuprates holds the tantalizing promise of clarifying the interactions that stabilize the electronic order. Here, we report a comprehensive resonant inelastic x-ray scattering study of La_{2-x}Sr_{x}CuO_{4} finding that charge-density wave effects persist up to a remarkably high doping level of x=0.21 before disappearing at x=0.25. The inelastic excitation spectra remain essentially unchanged with doping despite crossing a topological transition in the Fermi surface. This indicates that the spectra contain little or no direct coupling to electronic excitations near the Fermi surface, rather they are dominated by the resonant cross section for phonons and charge-density-wave-induced phonon softening. We interpret our results in terms of a charge-density wave that is generated by strong correlations and a phonon response that is driven by the charge-density-wave-induced modification of the lattice.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306668

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship among CDH23 gene variation and the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) . Methods: The nested case-control study was performed and this study followed a cohort of 6297 noise-exposed workers in a steel factory of Henan province in China from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015. In July 2019, subjects whose average hearing threshold were more than 40 dB in high frequency were defined as the case group, and subjects whose average hearing threshold were less than 35 dB in high frequency and less than 25 dB in speech frequency were defined as the control group. A nested case-control study which included 572 subjects was carried out, in which subjects consisted of 286 cases and 286 controls. 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CDH23 were selected and genotyped, then we analyzed the association among SNPs in CDH23, haplotypes in CDH23 and NIHL risk. Logistic regression was performed to analyze the main effects of SNPs and the interactions between CNE and SNPs adjusting cumulative noise exposure (CNE) , smoking, drinking, physical exercise and hypertension. Moreover, the association between haplotypes in CDH23 and NIHL risk were also analyzed. We ananlyzed the relationship amongst different SNP groups and NIHL risk using the generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) method. Results: The results suggested that significant associations were observed for rs3802711, rs3752751, rs3752752, rs11592462, rs10762480, rs3747867 for NIHL overall and/or various CNE strata by adjusting CNE, smoking, drinking, physical exercise and blood pressure. For rs3802711, workers exposure to noise carrying the AA/GA genotype of rs3802711 increased risk of NIHL than those carrying GG genotype (OR=3.121; 95%CI:1.054-9.239, P=0.035) in overall; In the stratified analysis of CNE (>97 dB (A) ·year at rs3802711 locus, workers exposure to noise carrying GA genotype (OR=2.056; 95%CI:1.226~3.448, P=0.006) and GA+AA/GA genotype (OR=2.221; 95%CI:1.340~3.681, P=0.002) increased NIHL risk. For rs11592462, workers exposure to noise carrying the GG genotype of rs11592462 increased risk of NIHL than those carrying CC genotype in overall (OR=3.951; 95%CI:1.104-14.137, P=0.04) ; workers exposure to noise carrying the GG genotype of rs11592462 increased risk of NIHL than those carrying CG+CC genotype in overall (OR=4.06; 95%CI:1.145-14.391, P=0.03) . After adjusting CNE, smoking, drinking, physical exercise and blood pressure, the haplotypes of CDH23 rs1227049, rs10999947, rs3752752, rs3752751, rs10762480, rs3802711, rs11592462, rs10466026, rs4747194, rs4747195 were not associated with the risk of NIHL. GMDR analysis showed no association between SNP combination and NIHL risk after adjusting CNE, smoking, drinking, physical exercise and blood pressure. Conclusion: Gene polymorphisms in CDH23 might associate significantly with the risk of NIHL.


Assuntos
Caderinas/genética , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/genética , Ruído Ocupacional , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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