Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 779
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416981

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 6-Shogaol, an active phenolic compound from ginger (Zingiber officinale), can inhibit the growth of a variety of human cancer cells. Nevertheless, its underlying molecular mechanisms in cervical cancer remain unclear. In this study, we systematically examine the inhibitory effect of 6-shogaol on cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Cell proliferation was assessed by CCK8 assay and colony formation assay in HeLa and SiHa cells. We analyzed cell cycle and apoptosis through flow cytometry. GFP-LC3 puncta and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe autophagic bodies. Wound-healing assay and transwell assay were used for evaluating the migration of cells. Western blot was applied to detect protein expression levels. RESULTS: 6-Shogaol could suppress cell proliferation and migration, cause cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase in HeLa and SiHa cells. Moreover, 6-shogaol triggered the apoptosis process through the mitochondrial pathway by downregulating the expression levels of p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR. Further research indicated that the induction of apoptosis by 6-shogaol was remarkably decreased after the treatment of ROS scavenger and PI3K agonist. Additionally, 6-shogaol increased the number of LC3-positive puncta and autophagic bodies per cell in both HeLa and SiHa cells. Pretreatment of cells with Bafilomycin A1, an autophagy inhibitor, accelerated 6-shogaol mediated cell apoptosis, suggesting that induction of autophagy by 6-shogaol is suppressive to apoptosis. Furthermore, in vivo data revealed that 6-shogaol significantly inhibited tumor growth and cell proliferation in tumor tissues. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that 6-shogaol could be developed as a functional food ingredient, which is potentially used as therapeutic agents for patients with cervical cancer.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(2)2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450815

RESUMO

Liquid biopsy-based biomarkers have advantages in monitoring the dynamics of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), a bone-predominant metastatic disease. Previous studies have demonstrated associations between circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and clinical outcomes of mCRPC patients, but little is known about the prognostic value of CTC-clusters. In 227 longitudinally collected blood samples from 64 mCRPC patients, CTCs and CTC-clusters were enumerated using the CellSearch platform. The associations of CTC and CTC-cluster counts with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), individually and jointly, were evaluated by Cox models. CTCs and CTC-clusters were detected in 24 (37.5%) and 8 (12.5%) of 64 baseline samples, and in 119 (52.4%) and 27 (11.9%) of 227 longitudinal samples, respectively. CTC counts were associated with both PFS and OS, but CTC-clusters were only independently associated with an increased risk of death. Among patients with unfavorable CTCs (≥5), the presence of CTC-clusters signified a worse survival (log-rank p = 0.0185). mCRPC patients with both unfavorable CTCs and CTC-clusters had the highest risk for death (adjusted hazard ratio 19.84, p = 0.0072), as compared to those with <5 CTCs. Analyses using longitudinal data yielded similar results. In conclusion, CTC-clusters provided additional prognostic information for further stratifying death risk among patients with unfavorable CTCs.

3.
Clin Transl Allergy ; 10(1): 53, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema with deficient and dysfunctional C1 inhibitor (C1-INH-HAE) is a rare genetic disorder. The majority of the cases with this disease are caused by mutations in the C1-inbitor gene SERPING1 and are classified as type 1 and type 2. We aimed to detect mutations in the SERPING1 gene and evaluate its expression in nine probands with hereditary angioedema from nine different families. METHODS: Nine probands with hereditary angioedema from nine different families and 53 healthy controls were recruited in this study. All eight exons and intron-exon boundaries in the SERPING1 gene were amplified by PCR and then sequenced. Mutations were identified by alignment with reference sequences. mRNA expression was measured by real-time PCR. RESULTS: All probands were diagnosed with HAE type 1. Nine mutations were found in nine patients: c.44delT, c.289C

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295348

RESUMO

A facile method was used to prepare graphene from discarded polyethylene plastic bags in our work. In order to make high-quality graphene, PE plastic bags were ultrasonically cleaned, ball milled and microwave sintered successively. The height of the 2D band was 1.3 times that of the G band, which reveals that the layer number of as-prepared graphene was 1-2. The atomic ratio of C and O for graphene was more than 54, which indicates that it mainly consists of carbon. The size of graphene was within 4-10 µm. Bi-layer sheets were inevitably observed through high resolution imaging of graphene edges. The BET SSA and the electrical conductivity of graphene were 1521.3 m2 g-1 and 4618 S m-1, respectively. This work provides a new approach to large-scale and high-quality synthesis of graphene from waste polluting materials.

5.
Small ; : e2005571, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258310

RESUMO

Planar metal clusters possess high metal utilization, distinct electronic properties, and catalytic functions from their 3D counterparts. However, synthesis of these materials is challenging due to much elevated surface free energies. Here it is reported that silica supported planar bilayer Pt-CoOx subnano clusters, consisting of approximately one atomic layer of Pt and one CoOx layer on top, can be achieved by employing strong-electrostatic interactions during impregnation and precisely-controlled CoOx coating using atomic layer deposition. Such bilayer structure is unambiguously confirmed by electron microscopy and in situ X-ray absorption fine spectroscopy which is never reported before. This synthetic approach can be extended to another eight permutations of planar metal-oxide subnano clusters. The resulting bilayer catalysts, owing to unique electronic properties and the abundant metal-oxide interfaces created, exhibit excellent catalytic performances in the reactions of preferential oxidation of CO in H2 and selective hydrogenation of acetylene, by showing much higher selectivity and intrinsic activities at least 8 and 48 times greater than those conventional oxide coated 3D metal clusters/nanoparticles, highlighting the advances of bilayer interfacial structure. These findings open a new avenue to design abundant and highly active metal-oxide interfaces for advanced metal catalysis.

6.
Appl Opt ; 59(34): 10813-10825, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361902

RESUMO

A conventional optical extensometer realized by a single common camera and two-dimensional digital image correlation (2D-DIC) often provides unsatisfactory strain results owing to the out-of-plane motion of the specimen. In this work, we propose an improved optical extensometer based on two parallel cameras and 2D-DIC. In the proposed extensometer, the gauge points are selected at the image centers of two cameras, which are negligibly affected by the out-of-plane translation and rotation, leading to higher accuracy of strain measurement as compared with the conventional optical extensometer. A rigid out-of-plane translation experiment and four repeated uniaxial tensile tests were conducted to verify the feasibility, reliability, and accuracy of the proposed method. Experimental results indicate that the proposed method has a strong ability to resist the effect of out-of-plane motion and experimental vibrations. Moreover, the strain measurement results obtained with the proposed method were found to be in excellent agreement with those obtained with a strain gauge, and the strain errors between them were only a few microstrains. Given that no compensation method is required, the proposed method is easy to implement with 2D-DIC and can be used for specimens of different sizes by adjusting the distance between the two cameras.

7.
Clin Infect Dis ; 71(Supplement_4): S363-S371, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines or recommendations often require timely and regular updating as new evidence emerges, because this can alter the risk-benefit trade-off. The scientific process of developing and updating guidelines accompanied by adequate implementation can improve outcomes. To promote better management of patients receiving vancomycin therapy, we updated the guideline for the therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of vancomycin published in 2015. METHODS: Our updated recommendations complied with standards for developing trustworthy guidelines, including timeliness and rigor of the updating process, as well as the use of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. We also followed the methodology handbook published by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence and the Spanish National Health System. RESULTS: We partially updated the 2015 guideline. Apart from adults, the updated guideline also focuses on pediatric patients and neonates requiring intravenous vancomycin therapy. The guideline recommendations involve a broadened range of patients requiring TDM, modified index of TDM (both 24-hour area under the curve and trough concentration), addition regarding the necessity and timing of repeated TDM, and initial dose for specific subpopulations. Overall, 1 recommendation was deleted and 3 recommendations were modified. Eleven new recommendations were added, and no recommendation was made for 2 clinical questions. CONCLUSIONS: We updated an evidence-based guideline regarding the TDM of vancomycin using a rigorous and multidisciplinary approach. The updated guideline provides more comprehensive recommendations to inform rational and optimized vancomycin use and is thus of greater applicability.

8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 603288, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33343576

RESUMO

CD19+CD24hiCD27+ memory Breg cells exhibit decreased abundance in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after liver transplantation and produce less IL-10 than those from patients without cGVHD and healthy donors. Due to the lack of Breg cells and the difficulty in expanding them in vitro, in mouse models and early human clinical trials, the adoptive transfer of Breg cells to autoimmune diseases is greatly restricted. Glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß) is a multifunctional serine/threonine (ser/thr) protein kinase that can participate in B cell growth, metabolic activity, and proliferation. Phosphoprotein array analysis showed that p-GSK-3ß-s9 was highly expressed in mBreg cells. Furthermore, here, we demonstrated that GSK-3ß expression in mBreg cells is lower than that observed in B cells by flow cytometry. We found that the treatment of B cells with the specific GSK-3ß inhibitor SB216763 can significantly increase the proportion and immunosuppressive function of mBreg cells in vitro. Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) is one of a pivotal regulator of gene expression in adaptive immune system. Here, we observed that inhibition of GSK-3ß by SB216763 results in enhanced expression of NFATc1 in B cells, which is essential in regulating the ability of B cells to secrete IL-10. By constructing a xGVHD mouse model, we observed that SB216763-treated mBreg cells effectively prevent xenogeneic GVHD. Here we propose a novel strategy using SB216763 to inhibit GSK-3ß and then enhance the proportion and immunosuppressive function of mBreg cells by increasing the expression of NFATc1. This approach may be used as a therapy to ameliorate GVHD and inflammatory diseases.

9.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(10): 3428-3439, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163281

RESUMO

Telomeres play important roles in cancer initiation and progression. Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) can modulate cancer risk and outcome. We hypothesize that genetically predicted short LTL is associated with worse prognosis in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A total of 1,086 histologically confirmed RCC patients were included in this study. A weighted genetic risk score (GRS) predictive of LTL was constructed using 10 confirmed LTL-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The associations of individual SNPs and GRS with recurrence and survival were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. In individual SNP analysis, long LTL-associated allele of rs7675998 in NAF1 gene at chromosome 4 was significantly associated with a reduced risk of recurrence (HR=0.85, 95% CI, 0.73-0.99, P=0.043), while the long LTL-associated allele of rs10936599 in TERC at chromosome 3 conferred a reduced risk of death (HR=0.85, 95% CI, 0.73-1.00, P=0.047). More importantly, genetically predicted LTL was associated with both recurrence and survival. Dichotomized at the median value of GRS, patients with low GRS (indicating short LTL) exhibited significantly increased risks of recurrence (HR=1.26, 95% CI, 1.03-1.54, P=0.025) and death (HR=1.23, 95% CI, 1.00-1.50, P=0.045). Hence, we concluded that genetically predicted short LTL is associated with worse prognosis in RCC patients.

10.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(19): 1219, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178751

RESUMO

Background: Dynamic and precise estimation of blood loss (EBL) is quite important for perioperative management. To date, the Triton System, based on feature extraction technology (FET), has been applied to estimate intra-operative haemoglobin (Hb) loss but is unable to directly assess the amount of blood loss. We aimed to develop a method for the dynamic and precise EBL and estimate Hb loss (EHL) based on artificial intelligence (AI). Methods: We collected surgical patients' non-recycled blood to generate blood-soaked sponges at a set gradient of volume. After image acquisition and preprocessing, FET and densely connected convolutional networks (DenseNet) were applied for EBL and EHL. The accuracy was evaluated using R2, the mean absolute error (MAE), the mean square error (MSE), and the Bland-Altman analysis. Results: For EBL, the R2, MAE and MSE for the method based on DenseNet were 0.966 (95% CI: 0.962-0.971), 0.186 (95% CI: 0.167-0.207) and 0.096 (95% CI: 0.084-0.109), respectively. For EHL, the R2, MAE and MSE for the method based on DenseNet were 0.941 (95% CI: 0.934-0.948), 0.325 (95% CI: 0.293-0.355) and 0.284 (95% CI: 0.251-0.317), respectively. The accuracies of EBL and EHL based on DenseNet were more satisfactory than that of FET. Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias of 0.02 ml with narrow limits of agreement (LOA) (-0.47 to 0.52 mL) and of 0.05 g with narrow LOA (-0.87 to 0.97 g) between the methods based on DenseNet and actual blood loss and Hb loss. Conclusions: We developed a simpler and more accurate AI-based method for EBL and EHL, which may be more fit for surgeries primarily using sponges and with a small to medium amount of blood loss.

11.
Surg Today ; 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128594

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the role of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence navigation in laparoscopic hepatectomy and investigate if the timing of its administration influences the intraoperative observation. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 120 patients who underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy; divided into an ICG-FN group (n = 57) and a non-ICG-FN group (n = 63). We analyzed the baseline data and operative data. RESULTS: There were no remarkable differences in baseline data such as demographic characteristics, lesion-related characteristics, and liver function parameters between the groups. Operative time and intraoperative blood loss were significantly lower in the ICG-FN group. The rate of R0 resection of malignant tumors was comparable in the ICG-FN and non-ICG-FN groups, but the wide surgical margin rate was significantly higher in the ICG-FN group. The administration of ICG 0-3 or 4-7 days preoperatively did not affect the intraoperative fluorescence imaging. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and a wide surgical margin correlated with ICG fluorescence navigation. ICG fluorescence navigation helped to minimize intraoperative blood loss and achieve a wide surgical margin. CONCLUSION: ICG fluorescence navigation is safe and efficient in laparoscopic hepatectomy. It helps to achieve a wide surgical margin, which could result in a better prognosis. The administration of ICG 0-3 days preoperatively is acceptable.

12.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 586757, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117814

RESUMO

The overarching view of current tumor therapies simplifies cancer to a cell-biology problem in which neoplasms are caused solely by malignant cells and the exploration of carcinogenesis and tumor progression largely focuses on somatic mutations and other genetic abnormalities of cancer cells. The limited therapeutic response indicates that cancer is driven not only by endogenous oncogenic factors and reciprocal interactions within the tumor microenvironment, but also by complex systemic processes. Homeostasis is the fundamental premise of health, and is maintained by systemic regulation of neuro-endocrine-immune axis. Cancer is also a systemic disease that manifested by dysfunction of the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. Multiple axes of regulation exist in cancer, including central-, organ-, and microenvironment-level manipulation. At each specific regulatory level, the tridirectional communication among the nervous, endocrine, and immune factors transmit flexible signaling to induce proliferation, invasion, reprogrammed metabolism, therapeutic resistance, and other malignant phenotypes of cancer cells, resulting in the extremely poor prognosis of this lethal disease. Understanding this coordinated signaling network will enable the development of new approaches for cancer treatment via behavioral and pharmacological interventions.

13.
Iran J Public Health ; 49(7): 1278-1288, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083294

RESUMO

Background: The role of serum calcium in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with or without first incident acute myocardial infarction has not been studied previously. This study aimed to assess the relationship between serum calcium and first incident acute myocardial infarction. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from Jan 2014 to Dec 2016. All the participants were from our database, described in detail elsewhere including 1609 cases and 3252 controls. Multiple logistic regression was carried out to explore the effect of serum calcium on first incident acute myocardial infarction. Interaction between serum calcium and risk factors were evaluated. Results: Patients with first incident acute myocardial infarction have significantly lower serum calcium concentrations than those without acute myocardial infarction (2.18 (0.21) vs 2.24 (0.19) mmol/L, P<0.0001). After adjusting for sex and age, logistic regression showed that serum calcium was significantly associated with first incident acute myocardial infarction (odds ratio (OR): 1.50, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.41-1.60). Further adjusted for potential confounders, serum calcium was associated with first incident acute myocardial infarction (OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.22-1.42). Moreover, the association still existed when patients were divided into subgroups according to gender and age. A significant interaction was found between serum calcium and diabetes mellitus (DM), lipoprotein (a) (Lp (a)), and serum albumin. Conclusion: Serum calcium was associated with first incident acute myocardial infarction among CAD patients in both sexes and in age categories. This study provides further evidence showing the value of serum calcium levels in clinical practice.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) has been associated with risk of several cancers. The association between LTL and bladder cancer is still inconsistent. METHODS: In this large case-control study consisting of 2,011 patients with bladder cancer and 2,259 healthy controls of European ancestry, we investigated the associations of real-time qPCR-measured LTL (a retrospective case-control study) and genetically predicted LTL [a Mendelian randomization (MR) study] with bladder cancer risk. Genotypes from 10 LTL-associated SNPs were used as instrumental variables to predict LTL. We used an individual level data-based weighted genetic risk score (GRS) and a summary statistics-based inverse-variance weighting (IVW) method in MR analyses. RESULTS: The qPCR-measured LTL was shorter in cases with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) than those with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer [NMIBC; ratio of telomere repeats copy number to single gene copy number (T/S): 1.19 ± 0.34 vs. 1.23 ± 0.36, P = 0.081]. Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed long qPCR-measured LTL was associated with a reduced risk of MIBC. In MR analyses, genetically predicted LTL was weakly associated with bladder cancer risk in both the GRS analysis [OR = 1.13, per SD increase; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.73-1.75; P = 0.595] and the IVW analysis (OR = 1.14 per SD increase; 95% CI, 0.75-1.74; P = 0.543). CONCLUSIONS: There was no strong evidence supporting an association between LTL and bladder cancer risk in European Americans. IMPACT: This is the largest study of LTL and bladder cancer risk. The study showed that LTL does not play an important role in bladder cancer etiology.

16.
Org Lett ; 22(19): 7622-7628, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966093

RESUMO

A Cu-catalyzed asymmetric ring-opening reaction of five-membered diaryliodonium salts and oximes is introduced. The reactions undergo selective N-arylation of oximes and provide an efficient protocol for the synthesis of atropisomeric nitrones. The optically active nitrones, serving as versatile intermediates, were converted to diversely functionalized axially chiral aniline derivatives and N-heterocycles.

17.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928796

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Flumatinib has been shown to be a more potent inhibitor of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase than imatinib. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of flumatinib versus imatinib, for first-line treatment of chronic phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 394 patients were randomized 1:1 to flumatinib 600 mg once daily (n = 196) or imatinib 400 mg once daily (n = 198) groups. RESULTS: The rate of major molecular response (MMR) at 6 months (primary endpoint) was significantly higher with flumatinib than with imatinib (33.7% vs. 18.3%; P = 0.0006), as was the rate of MMR at 12 months (52.6% vs. 39.6%; P = 0.0102). At 3 months, the rate of early molecular response (EMR) was significantly higher in patients receiving flumatinib than in those receiving imatinib (82.1% vs. 53.3%; P < 0.0001). Compared with patients receiving imatinib, more patients receiving flumatinib achieved molecular remission 4 (MR4) at 6, 9, and 12 months (8.7% vs. 3.6%, P = 0.0358; 16.8% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.0002; and 23.0% vs. 11.7%, P = 0.0034, respectively). No patients had progression to accelerated phase or blast crisis in the flumatinib arm versus 4 patients in the imatinib arm by 12 months. Adverse events of edema, pain in extremities, rash, neutropenia, anemia, and hypophosphatemia were more frequent in imatinib arm, whereas diarrhea and alanine transaminase elevation were more frequent in flumatinib arm. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving flumatinib achieved significantly higher rates of responses, and faster and deeper responses compared with those receiving imatinib, indicating that flumatinib can be an effective first-line treatment for CML-CP. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02204644.

18.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 17(5): 1479164120953626, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951444

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the relation of HP infection to peripheral arterial stiffness and 10-year cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: DM subjects who underwent the C13-breath test were enrolled and divided into DMHP+ and DMHP- groups. Peripheral arterial stiffness was measured using brachial to ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Framingham score (FRS) and Chinese evaluation method of ischemic cardiovascular diseases (ICVD) were used to clarify 10-year cardiovascular risk. RESULTS: A total of 6767 subjects were included, baPWV and proportion of subjects with severe peripheral arterial stiffness were lower in DMHP- group than DMHP+ group (1556.68 ± 227.54 vs 2031.61 ± 525.48 cm/s, p < 0.01; 21.9% vs 62.7%, p < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that HP infection was independently associated with baPWV. Furthermore, cardiovascular risk score and the proportion of subjects with high risk were lower in DMHP- group than DMHP+ group (FRS: 12.09 ± 3.77 vs 13.91 ± 3.77, 17.2% vs 38.8%; ICVD: 8.56 ± 2.99 vs 10.22 ± 3.16, 43.9% vs 65.4%, with all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: DM subjects with HP infection had more severe peripheral arterial stiffness compared those without HP infection, a higher cardiovascular risk score and 10-year cardiovascular risk stratification were observed in those subjects.

19.
Brain Res ; 1747: 147038, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738231

RESUMO

Cognitive impairment is a significant sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) especially blast induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI), which is characterized by rapid impairments of learning and memory ability. Although several neuroprotective agents have been postulated as promising drugs for bTBI in animal studies, very few ideal therapeutic options exist to improve cognitive impairment following bTBI. Thymosin α1(Tα1), a 28-amino-acid protein that possesses immunomodulatory functions, has exhibited beneficial effects in the treatment of infectious diseases, immunodeficiency diseases and cancers. However, it remains unclear whether Tα1 has a therapeutic role in bTBI. Thus, we hypothesized that Tα1 administration could reverse the outcomes of bTBI. The blast induced TBI (bTBI) rat model was established with the compressed gas driven blast injury model system. A consecutive Tα1 therapy (in 1 ml saline, twice a day) at a dose of 200 µg/kg or normal saline (NS) (1 ml, twice a day) for 3 days or 2 weeks was performed. Utilizing our newly designed bTBI model, we investigated the beneficial effects of Tα1 therapy on rats exposed to bTBI including: cognitive functions, general histology, regulatory T (Treg) cells, edema, inflammation reactions and the expression and phosphorylation level of tau via Morris Water Maze test (MWM test), HE staining, flow cytometry, brain water content (BWC) calculation, IL-6 assay and Western blotting, respectively. Tα1 treatment seemed to reduce the 24-hour mortality, albeit with no statistical significance. Moreover, Tα1 treatment markedly improved cognitive dysfunction by decreasing the escape latency in the acquisition phase, and increasing the crossing numbers in the probe phase of MWM test. More interestingly, Tα1 significantly inhibited tau phosphorylation at the Thr205 epitope, but not at the Ser404 and Ser262 epitopes. Tα1 increased the percentage of Treg cells and inhibited plasma IL-6 production on 3d post bTBI. Moreover, Tα1 suppressed brain edema as demonstrated by decrease of BWC. However, there was a lack of obvious change in histopathology in the brain upon Tα1 treatment. This is the first study showing that Tα1 improves neurological deficits after bTBI in rats, which is potentially related to the inhibition of tau phosphorylation at the Thr205 epitope, increased Treg cells and decreased inflammatory reactions and brain edema.

20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(25): 3586-3602, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest solid tumors. Identification of diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for PDAC is urgently needed. Transducin (ß)-like 1 X-linked receptor 1 (TBL1XR1) has been linked to the progression of various human cancers. Nevertheless, the function and role of TBL1XR1 in pancreatic cancers are unclear. AIM: To elucidate the function and potential mechanism of TBL1XR1 in the development of PDAC. METHODS: Ninety patients with histologically-confirmed PDAC were included in this study. PDAC tumor samples and cell lines were used to determine the expression of TBL1XR1. CCK-8 assays and colony formation assays were carried out to assess PDAC cell viability. Flow cytometry was performed to measure the changes in the cell cycle and cell apoptosis. Changes in related protein expression were measured by western blot analysis. Animal analysis was conducted to confirm the impact of TBL1XR1 in vivo. RESULTS: Patients with TBL1XR1-positive tumors had worse overall survival than those with TBL1XR1-negative tumors. Moreover, we found that TBL1XR1 strongly promoted PDAC cell proliferation and inhibited PDAC cell apoptosis. Moreover, knockdown of TBL1XR1 induced G0/G1 phase arrest. In vivo animal studies confirmed that TBL1XR1 accelerated tumor cell growth. The results of western blot analysis showed that TBL1XR1 might play a key role in regulating PDAC cell proliferation and apoptosis via the PI3K/AKT pathway. CONCLUSION: TBL1XR1 promoted PDAC cell progression and might be an effective diagnostic and therapeutic marker for pancreatic cancer.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...