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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 837455, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387438

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of AngioJet rheolytic thrombectomy (ART) and large-lumen catheter suction (LCS) in the treatment of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter related IVC-iliac vein thrombosis. Methods: The clinical data and medical imaging materials of 65 cases were collected, which suffered acute inferior vena cava filter related IVC-iliac vein thrombosis and received percutaneous mechanic thrombectomy (PMT) from June 2016 to June 2020 in our center, including 32 cases of LCS group and 33 cases of ART group. The final thrombolysis rate, the incidence of complications, and the follow-up are evaluated. Results: The limb swelling was significantly relieved in patients with PMT after treatment. The peri-diameter difference of the limb in the LCS group before and after treatment was [(5.20 ± 2.03) vs. (2.17 ± 1.29) cm, P < 0.05], and that in the ART group before and after treatment was [(4.79 ± 2.23) vs. (1.74 ± 0.94) cm, P < 0.05]. The amount of postoperative recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is reduced in ART group [(57.97 ± 21.25) in LCS group vs. (40.45 ± 20.89) mg in ART group, P < 0.05], and the thrombolysis rate was higher than that of the LCS group [(74.13 ± 19.74% in LCS group) vs. (84.58 ± 11.90% in ART group %), P < 0.05]. No serious complications occurred during the treatment. Conclusion: Both LCS group and ART group have good thrombosis clearance effects on the inferior vena cava filter related IVC-iliac vein thrombosis. ART can reduce the rt-PA dose, increase the thrombolysis rate and reduce the risk of bleeding during thrombolysis.

2.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for acute renal hemorrhage (RH) under coagulopathic conditions with N-butyl-2 cyanoacrylate (NBCA) is rarely described in the literature, and a consensus on the efficacy and safety of NBCA under this condition has not been reached. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TAE using NBCA Glubran 2 in the treatment of acute RH under coagulopathic conditions. METHODS: Eight patients who underwent TAE with NBCA Glubran 2 for acute RH under coagulopathic conditions were collected. RESULTS: NBCA Glubran 2 was employed as the sole embolic material in 6 patients. In the remaining 2 patients, NBCA Glubran 2 was employed for secondary embolization. Under coagulopathic conditions, both technical success and clinical success were achieved in treating acute RH with NBCA Glubran 2 in all patients. During a mean follow-up time of 30.1 months, neither persistent nor recurrent active hemorrhage required a repeated endovascular or surgical treatment for hemostasis. No Glubran 2-related complications occurred. In addition, there was no significant difference between the evaluated glomerular filtration rate level before and after one week of Glubran 2 embolization (P = 0.88; CI, -32.4 to 37.4). CONCLUSIONS: TAE with NBCA Glubran 2 may be a safe alternative treatment for the management of RH under coagulopathic conditions. In particular, this method appears to be a potentially attractive alternative when conventional embolic materials fail in patients with ongoing hemodynamic instability or even under severe coagulopathic conditions.

3.
Digit Health ; 8: 20552076221084467, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340902

RESUMO

Objective: Acute limb ischemia is one of the most common arterial emergencies. The data of mechanical revascularization using Solitaire AB device coupled with thromboaspiration for the treatment of popliteal and infrapopliteal acute limb ischemia are limited. The aim of this study was to review the preliminary safety and effectiveness. Methods: We performed a single-center retrospective review of patients with popliteal and infrapopliteal acute limb ischemia treated with Solitaire AB device coupled with thromboaspiration from February 2019 to May 2020. Adjunctive balloon angioplasty was performed to correct coexisting atherosclerotic stenosis. Technical success was defined as successful deployment of the Solitaire AB device across the occlusive segment and successful retrieval without the use of adjunctive catheter-directed thrombolysis or balloon angioplasty. Clinical success was defined as the relief of symptoms related to acute limb ischemia. Follow-up outcomes were also reviewed. Results: There were 15 consecutive patients who underwent 16 Solitaire AB devices. Technical success was achieved in 11 (73.3%) patients. Of the unsuccessful patients, double-stent retrievers were employed in 1 (6.7%) patient. Two patients who encountered residual clots in distal small arteries underwent adjunctive catheter-directed thrombolysis. An adjunctive balloon angioplasty was required in 1 (6.7%) patient. All patients had notable acute limb ischemia symptom relief after the procedures. Clinical success was achieved in 14 (93.3%) patients. Besides one patient encountered minor amputation, the major amputation was prevented in all patients. No device-related complications or distal embolization events were recorded during the procedures. At the follow-up of 12 months, all surviving patients remained symptom-free, the patency was achieved in 12 (80%) patients and the limb salvage was 100%. Conclusions: Preliminary outcomes suggest that mechanical revascularization using Solitaire AB device coupled with manual thromboaspiration appears to be a rapid, safe, and effective modality that appears to reduce the requirement for catheter-directed thrombolysis. Advances in knowledge: These findings may add a promising recanalization therapy for acute embolic occlusion of the acute limb ischemia secondary to popliteal and infrapopliteal arteries.

4.
Skeletal Radiol ; 51(3): 565-571, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of the combination of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and vertebroplasty versus single vertebroplasty in treating spinal metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 35 patients with vertebral neoplastic lesions who received RFA combined with vertebroplasty (group A, 15 patients with 17 lesions) or single vertebroplasty (group B, 20 patients with 24 lesions) from March 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively compared. The data of patients' Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores prior to the treatments, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the treatments, injected cement volume, ratios of cement leakage were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: All procedures were successfully done without severe complications. The VAS scores in group A were decreased more rapidly 1 week after the treatments and remained more stable at 6 months than that in group B (P < 0.05). The cement injected in group A (5.95 ± 1.45 mL, range 4-9.5 mL) was significantly more than that in group B (4.09 ± 0.55 mL, range 3.1-5.5 mL) (P < 0.05). The ratio of vascular cement leakage in group A was significantly lower than that in group B (P < 0.05), while no statistical difference was found in the non-vascular cement leakage (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that the combination of RFA and vertebroplasty has a better analgesic effect with more injected cement and lower rates of venous cement leakage than single vertebroplasty.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 33(4): 445-450, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34958858

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous high ligation (FPHL) combined with fluoroscopy-guided foam sclerotherapy (FGFS) to treat varicose veins of the great saphenous veins (GSVs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 113 patients (mean age, 62.1 ± 10.8 years; 60 men) with varicose veins of the GSVs (133 limbs) that were treated with FPHL combined with FGFS between April 1 and October 31, 2019. Demographic and clinical data were collected from these patients before the FPHL procedure, after which FGFS was performed. The preterminal GSV was ligated percutaneously by a percutaneously-positioned polypropylene ligature under fluoroscopic guidance. The outcome of ligation was confirmed by venography. Then, foam sclerotherapy was performed under fluoroscopy. At 1-year follow-up, GSV occlusion was evaluated by ultrasound. The venous clinical severity scores (VCSSs) were compared between the preoperative and 1-year follow-up periods. RESULTS: The technical success rate was 100% (133 limbs). Complete 12-month follow-up was available for 112 limbs (84.2%) and 103 of these limbs (92.0%) remained occluded during this period. The VCSS improved from 4.71 ± 2.15 to 0.74 ± 0.60 (V = 6328, P < .001). During follow-up, there were 16 limbs with thrombophlebitis and 38 limbs with saphenous junction pain; these events were alleviated within 2 weeks of the procedure. There was no deep venous thrombosis or other severe adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: FPHL combined with FGFS to treat varicose veins in the GSVs achieved an occlusion rate of 92% and improved the clinical symptoms within 1 year; this minimally-invasive procedure was safe and effective.


Assuntos
Veia Safena , Varizes , Idoso , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Ligadura , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Soluções Esclerosantes , Escleroterapia/efeitos adversos , Escleroterapia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Varizes/tratamento farmacológico , Varizes/terapia
6.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 33(3): 295-303, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915163

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of stent thrombectomy combined with aspiration versus aspiration alone in acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study. Between May 1, 2012, and January 1, 2021, 41 patients (mean age, 73.8 years ± 7.9) with AMI who underwent stent thrombectomy plus aspiration (Group 1, n = 14) or aspiration alone (Group 2, n = 27) were included. The treatment regimens and clinical and follow-up outcomes of the patients were reviewed and analyzed. Group differences were compared using a χ2 test, Fisher exact test, independent t test, or Mann-Whitney U test. The cumulative survival rate was calculated using a Kaplan-Meier curve. RESULTS: The overall clinical success rate was 78.0% (32/41), and no significant differences were found between Group 1 and Group 2 (78.6% vs 77.8%, P = 1.00). Compared with Group 2, Group 1 was associated with a higher complete clearance rate (44.4% vs 78.6%, P = .04), less adjunctive local thrombolysis (48.1% vs 14.3%, P = .03), and a shorter length of hospital stay (10.7 days ± 9.0 vs 5.7 days ± 4.7, P = .03). The estimated survival rates at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years were 73.2%, 72.5%, 71.4%, 65.3%, and 59.8%, respectively. No significant difference was found in the survival rate between the groups (log-rank test, P = .96). The recurrence rates for Group 1 and Group 2 were 8.3% (1/12) and 4.0% (1/25), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with aspiration alone, aspiration combined with stent thrombectomy showed a higher complete clearance rate, reduced adjunctive thrombolysis, and a shorter length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia Mesentérica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Isquemia Mesentérica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Mesentérica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2022: 9966306, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360546

RESUMO

Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the third most prevalent vascular disease worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play regulatory roles in functions of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which is becoming a promising therapeutic choice for thrombus resolution. Nevertheless, the role of miR-206 in EPCs is unclear. Methods: EPCs were isolated from the peripheral blood of patients with DVT. In DVT mouse models, DVT was induced by stenosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC). The levels of miR-206 and gap junction protein alpha 1 (GJA1) in EPCs and vascular tissues of DVT mice were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and angiogenesis were tested by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, Transwell assay, flow cytometry analysis, and in vitro tube formation assay. The levels of autophagy-related proteins as well as the level of GJA1 in EPCs and vascular tissues were evaluated by western blotting. DVT formation in vivo was observed through hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of thrombus resolution markers, CD34 molecule (CD34) and matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2), in the thrombi was measured by immunofluorescence staining. Results: miR-206 overexpression inhibited proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis and promoted apoptosis of EPCs, while miR-206 knockdown exerted an opposite effect on EPC phenotypes. Downregulation of GJA1, the target of miR-206, abolished the influence of miR-206 on EPC phenotypes. Furthermore, silencing of miR-206 suppressed the autophagy of EPCs via upregulating GJA1. miR-206 knockdown repressed thrombus formation, enhanced the homing ability of EPCs to the thrombosis site, and facilitated thrombus resolution in DVT mouse models. Additionally, miR-206 was upregulated while GJA1 was downregulated in vascular tissues of DVT mice. miR-206 knockdown elevated GJA1 expression in vascular tissues of DVT mice. The expression of miR-206 was negatively correlated with that of GJA1 in DVT mice. Conclusion: miR-206 knockdown upregulates GJA1 to inhibit autophagy of EPCs and then promote EPC proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis, thereby enhancing EPC homing to thrombi and facilitating thrombus resolution.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , MicroRNAs , Trombose Venosa , Animais , Autofagia , Movimento Celular , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Trombose Venosa/genética , Trombose Venosa/metabolismo , Trombose Venosa/terapia
8.
Thromb J ; 19(1): 96, 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34863195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is an important clinical event threatening both life and the affected limbs, but the optimal treatment for ALI remains undefined. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and effectiveness of thrombectomy approaches via either catheter-based thrombectomy (CBT) or catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT). METHODS: A total of 98 patients (mean age 69.7 years, 60 male) who underwent endovascular intervention for ALI from January 2015 to July 2019 were included. Of these, 57 were treated with primary CBT via a large-bore catheter, an AngioJet catheter or Rotarex catheter, and/or underwent low-dose CDT, and 41 were treated with primary CDT. The safety and effectiveness of CBT compared to conventional CDT and other various endovascular techniques were evaluated. RESULTS: More Rutherford IIb patients were treated with primary CBT (68.4%) than CDT (26.8%; P < .001). Patients who underwent primary CDT achieved a higher technical success rate than those who underwent primary CBT in a shorter procedure time (P < .001), whereas 42.1% of patients who underwent CBT did not need adjunctive CDT. The duration and dosage of adjunctive CDT in the CBT group were significantly decreased compared with those in the primary CDT group (both P < .001), and the CBT group achieved a shorter in-hospital length of stay (P < .001). Subgroup analysis revealed that patients treated with AngioJet and Rotarex catheters achieved slightly lower dosages, shorter CDT durations and shorter in-hospital stay lengths than those treated with large-bore catheters (P > .05). Clinical success was estimated to be achieved in 98.2% of patients who underwent CBT, which is similar to the 97.6% estimated in those who underwent primary CDT (P = 1.000), and this finding was similar among the CBT subgroups. Patients who underwent CBT had a higher procedure-related distal embolization rate and economic cost than those who underwent primary CDT (P < .05), but it had slightly fewer complications than those who underwent primary CDT (P = .059), especially minor complications (P = .036). The freedom from amputation at 6 and 12 months for CBT and CDT was assessed (93.0% vs 90.2% respectively, P = .625; 89.5% vs 82.9%, respectively, P = .34,). Comparable limb salvage was found for different techniques of large bore catheters, AngioJet catheters and Rotarex catheters. The Kaplan-Meier table analysis also showed similar limb salvage rates between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of ALI with the use of catheter-based therapies is an effective modality that can reduce the requirement for thrombolysis, with expected reductions in hemorrhagic complications, but at the risk of remediable distal emboli and increased economic cost. It has a similar clinical outcome to conventional CDT alone. Different CBT techniques have comparable efficacy but different adverse event profiles.

9.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy is the standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation. This trial aimed to indicate whether Skyflow, a new thrombectomy device, could achieve the same safety and efficacy as Solitaire FR in the treatment of AIS. METHODS: This study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, single blind, parallel, positive controlled, non-inferiority clinical trial. Patients with intracranial anterior circulation LVO within 8 hours from onset were included to receive thrombectomy treatment with either the Skyflow or Solitaire FR stent retriever. The primary endpoint was the rate of successful reperfusion (modified Treatment In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) ≥2b) after the operation. The safety endpoints were the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at 24 hours after operation. RESULTS: A total of 95 and 97 patients were involved in the Skyflow group and Solitaire FR group, respectively. A successful reperfusion (mTICI ≥2b) was finally achieved in 84 (88.4%) patients in the Skyflow group and 80 (82.5%) patients in the Solitaire FR group. Skyflow was non-inferior to Solitaire FR in regard to the primary outcome, with the criterion of a non-inferiority margin of 12.5% (p=0.0002) after being adjusted for the combined center effect and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. The rate of periprocedural sICH and SAH did not differ significantly between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Endovascular thrombectomy with the Skyflow stent retriever was non-inferior to Solitaire FR with regard to successful reperfusion in AIS due to LVO (with a pre-specified non-inferiority margin of 12.5%).

10.
Front Physiol ; 12: 752716, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803736

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this study is to establish a minimally invasive technique to create a stable carotid artery stenosis rabbit model. This article summarizes the specific methods and key points of this technology. Methods: The experiment studied a rabbit that was anesthetized through the vein. After the femoral artery was exposed, a minimally invasive needle was used to puncture the femoral artery, then the sheath was placed into the artery. We primarily put a catheter in the ascending aorta for angiography and then used a PT2 guidewire for super-selection. The PT2 guidewire was retained, and a balloon was placed in the right common carotid artery (CCA) through a guidewire to inflate it three times. Six rabbits in the 2- (2W) and 4-week (4W) groups were examined at 14 and 28 days, respectively. The rabbits in the control group received angiography at the beginning and 28 days later but without balloon injury. After angiography assessment, specimens of right CCA were dissected. Pathological and immunohistochemical examinations were performed on the collected specimens, and iFlow analysis was performed as well. Results: All the 18 animals which survived were observed. The rabbits in the 2W and 4W groups showed stenosis of the right CCA. Digital subtraction angiography showed the diameter was lower than that in the control group (1.04 ± 0.1, 0.71 ± 0.12, and 1.83 ± 0.08 mm in 2W, 4W, and control group, P < 0.05). Pathology also suggested carotid stenosis and obvious intimal hyperplasia. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that α-smooth muscle actin was highly expressed in the 2W and 4W groups, and the integrated optical density (IOD) value was higher than that in the control group (14,807.11 ± 1,822.3, 22,245.96 ± 1,212.82, and 6,537.16 ± 1,186.62 in the 2W, 4W, and control group, P < 0.05). Meanwhile, a cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) was low expressed in the 2W and 4W groups, and the IOD value was lower than that in the control group (519.14 ± 44.4, 1,029.64 ± 98.48, and 1,502.05 ± 88.79 in the 2W, 4W, and control group, P < 0.05), which suggested endothelial damage and partial repair. The analysis by iFlow showed that the time-to-peak after balloon strain in the 2W and 4W groups were longer than that in the control group. Conclusion: We established a minimally invasive, effective, and safe method to establish a carotid artery stenosis rabbit model. The highlights of this technology were the application of minimally invasive methods, reducing surgical bleeding, infection, and related complications. This technology avoided the influence of tissue around CCA in the traditional carotid artery balloon injury model, which might lead to more accurate treatment outcomes.

11.
Exp Cell Res ; 409(2): 112910, 2021 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801560

RESUMO

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a common minimally invasive treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Incomplete RFA (iRFA) due to the sub-lethal heat shock challenge of some cell populations leads to the generation of transformed survivor cells with enhanced chemoresistance. However, the underlying mechanism of iRFA on HCCs chemoresistance remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of iRFA on HCCs sensitivity to cisplatin. Cells treated with the sub-lethal heat shock challenge were used to mimic iRFA treatment in vitro. An orthotopic implantation HCC model was established and also performed iRFA treatment. Flow cytometry, transwell assay, and cell counting kit-8 assay were used to determine the effect of iRFA treatment on cisplatin-induced HCC cell apoptosis, invasion, and cell viability. ELISA and Western blot were used to detect the effect of iRFA treatment on cisplatin-induced HCC cell pyroptosis. We found that iRFA treatment increased the HCC cell proliferation and invasion ability, and inhibited cisplatin-induced pyroptosis. Further experiments showed that iRFA treatment induced upregulation of HSP70, which inhibited the cisplatin-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation, leading to inhibition of pyroptosis. HSP70 knockdown or NLRP3 overexpression could reverse the effect of iRFA treatment in vitro. In vivo, HSP70 knockdown reversed the chemosensitivity of HCC to cisplatin, which was decreased by iRFA. In conclusion, we demonstrated that iRFA induced drug resistance by HSP70-mediated inhibition of cell pyroptosis in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Piroptose , Ablação por Radiofrequência/efeitos adversos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Autofagia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/radioterapia , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 686267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568443

RESUMO

Background: Several paclitaxel-coated balloons have been proved to provide better efficacy results than uncoated balloons in femoropopliteal lesions. But the efficacy and safety of FREEWAY balloons have not been investigated in Chinese patients. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety performance of FREEWAY paclitaxel-coated balloons vs. uncoated balloons in Chinese femoropopliteal artery lesions. Methods: In this prospective multi-center randomized controlled FREEWAY-CHINA study, 311 patients with symptomatic lower limb ischemia (Rutherford category 2-5) and femoropopliteal lesions of 14 Chinese centers were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to endovascular treatment with either FREEWAY paclitaxel-coated balloons or uncoated balloons (control). The primary endpoint was the 6-month clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) rate. Secondary endpoints included the device and technical success rate, the ankle-brachial indexes (ABIs), Rutherford category change, the 6-month primary and secondary patency rates, severe adverse effects, and the 12-month CD-TLR rate. Results: The two groups were comparable in terms of their demographic and lesion characteristics. Patients' mean age was 70 years, and 70% were men. The mean lesion length was 71 mm. The 6-month CD-TLR rate was 2.6% in the FREEWAY group and 11.7% in the control group (P = 0.001). The 12-month CD-TLR rate was 2.7% in the FREEWAY group and 13.2% in the control group (P = 0.0005). Other endpoints, including patency rates, major adverse events, and ABI or Rutherford change, did not differ between the two groups. Conclusion: The FREEWAY balloon resulted in an effective decrease in CD-TLR rates and had similar safety results compared to the uncoated balloon in Chinese femoropopliteal artery patients at the 12-month follow-up appointment.

13.
J Interv Med ; 4(2): 62-65, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557323

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 or most commonly known as COVID-19 is a trending global infectious disease which a few months ago was affirmed as a global health emergency or a pandemic by the WHO Emergency Committee. The common symptoms manifested in this pandemic disease are high grade fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and flu like symptom which can evolve into severe respiratory disorders such as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and/or end-organ failure. Factors that contribute to the severity or high mortality rate in COVID-19 include old age, comorbidities like hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, neutrophilia, and organ and coagulation dysfunction. Disseminated intravascular coagulation and other various coagulopathies including Venous thromboembolism have known to become a major contributing factor to high mortality rate. Venous thromboembolism is a disease which is a combination of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Prophylactic anticoagulation in patients prone to or with a pre-existing history of venous thromboembolism is associated with decreased mortality in severe COVID-19 pneumonia. This review article focuses upon COVID-19 and increased incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients infected by COVID-19 along with the role it has in high mortality rate in COVID-19 patients.

14.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 52(4): 1094-1100, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988823

RESUMO

Impact of pandemic on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in non-COVID-19 patients is undetermined. Thus, a nationwide multicenter retrospective survey was conducted to evaluate the disease burden in non-COVID-19 population. This multi-center survey involved 94 hospitals from 24 provinces in the mainland of China, and collected data on non-COVID-19 patients admitted to the radiology departments due to VTE between January 24 and April 16, 2020. Baseline characteristics, VTE risk factors, clinical manifestations and the treatments were compared with those in the same period of 2019. 3,358 patients with VTE from 74 hospitals were included in this study (1,458 in 2020, 1,900 in 2019). Most aged ≥ 50 years (80.6% in the pandemic, 81.2% in 2019). The number of patients aged 30-39 years increased from 3.9% in 2019 period to 5.8% in the pandemic (p = 0.009). Among the VTE risk factors, the rate of decreased activity increased significantly in the pandemic, and was much higher than that in 2019 (30.7% vs 22.6%, p < 0.0001). Under the risk of decreased activity, patients with comorbidities chronic diseases, especially diabetes, showed significantly a higher incidence of VTE (30.4% vs 22.0%, p < 0.0001). In the pandemic period, fewer patients were treated with anticoagulation alone (33.5% vs 36.7%, p = 0.05), and more underwent inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) implantation, compared with those in 2019 (66.5% vs 63.2%, p = 0.046). The pandemic increased the VTE risk of decreased activity among the non-COVID-19 population. Patients with comorbidities, especially diabetes, have a significant higher risk of VTE during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Pandemias , Filtros de Veia Cava , Tromboembolia Venosa , Adulto , COVID-19 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia
15.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 52(2): 628-634, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835336

RESUMO

To evaluate the age of caval thrombus that experimentally induced in swine by use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Caval thrombus was experimentally created in 15 swine by autologous clot injection assisted with caval net knitting. Serial high-resolution MR images were obtained using magnetic resonance venography (MRV) and T1 high-resolution isotropic volume examination (THRIVE) sequences in a 3.0-T MR system at 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days post model creation. At each time point, three pigs were sacrificed and the thrombotic vena cava was processed for histopathological examinations respectively. Caval thrombus was successfully induced in 15 pigs in group A. The signal intensity (SI) change of caval thrombus on THRIVE was age-dependent, with a typical sign of circle or semi-circle hyper-intensity at 7-day-old model while SI of thrombus was lower than that of muscle from day 14 throughout day 28. The histo-pathological findings revealed that RBCs-rich thrombus at day 1 without blue-stained particles, RBCs layers with infiltration of inflammatory cells and sporadically distributed blue-stained particles at 7-day-old thrombus. At day 14, 21 and 28, blue-stained particles became richer, coupled with formation of granulation tissue and fibrous tissue. The swine model in the study is good for age evaluation of venous thrombosis. The peripheral circle or semi-circle hyperintensity on THRIVE indicates the young age of caval thrombus in swine.


Assuntos
Trombose , Trombose Venosa , Animais , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Suínos , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Cavas
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(17): e25664, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907131

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To compare the effectiveness and patient comfort between two methods that block superficial venous blood flow during the thrombolytic treatment of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) to provide evidence that informs clinical choice.One hundred twenty patients with lower extremity DVT were randomly divided into sphygmomanometer (group A, n = 40), tourniquet (group B, n = 40), and control group (no blocking, n = 40). All the patients were treated with a daily dosage of urokinase using a dial sphygmomanometer cuff and tourniquet to block lower extremity superficial vein blood flow. The pressure of the dial sphygmomanometer blocking lower extremity superficial vein blood flow was measured during lower extremity venography. Leg swelling reduction rate, venous patency, thrombus removal rate, and average comfort index were observed during the blocking process.The average pressure value for group A was 70  ±â€Š10 mm Hg. The differences in the swelling reduction rate and venous patency were significant between the groups. Comparing the two groups at different time points, the average thrombus clearance rate of group A was higher than that of group B and control group. The leg pain scores of group A were lower than those of group B and control group. The postoperative comfort ratio of group A was higher than that of group B, and the proportion of severe discomfort in group A was lower than that in group B.Compared with the tourniquet, using a dial sphygmomanometer cuff to block lower extremity superficial vein blood flow achieved a better thrombolytic effect on DVT and provided higher patient comfort during treatment.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Esfigmomanômetros , Terapia Trombolítica/instrumentação , Torniquetes , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/administração & dosagem , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 46(9): 4432-4439, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a contrast-free multimodal magnetic resonance (MR) protocol (including M2DIPEAR, THRIVE, BTFE-SPAIR, and FLAIR sequences) in the detection of iliac vein obstruction with or without thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 1st, 2015, to May 1st, 2016, a total of 73 patients (aged 51.33 ± 4.21 years) who received both digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and the multimodal MR imaging were included. The protocol of the multimodal MR included M2DIPEAR and BTFE-SPAIR for presenting iliac vein obstruction, and THRIVE and FLAIR for revealing the co-existed thrombosis. Three observers who were blinded to clinical and DSA results independently analyzed all multimodal MR datasets. Per-patient evaluations on presence or absence of iliac vein obstruction were performed to calculate the diagnostic performance of MR imaging (DSA regarded as gold reference) in terms of overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Capability to display the co-existing venous thrombus was also evaluated per-MR sequence using a 3-point scale system. RESULTS: Iliac vein obstruction was depicted with DSA in 64 patients. In per-patient evaluation, the multimodal MR imaging yielded accuracy of 95.9% (70/73), sensitivity of 96.9% (62/64), specificity of 88.9% (8/9), positive predictive value of 98.4% (62/63), and negative predictive value of 80% (8/10), respectively. In the multimodal MR sequences, balanced turbo field echo-spectral attenuated inversion recovery (BTFE-SPAIR) sequence was superior to other sequences in depicting the iliac vein configuration, but fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1 high-resolution isovolumetric examination (THRIVE) seemed superior in detecting co-existing venous thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: M2DIPEAR and BTFE-SPAIR sequence can reveal iliac vein obstruction while THRIVE and FLAIR can detect the co-existed thrombosis. The proposed multimodal MR protocol can accurately depict the iliac vein obstruction and accurately detect the co-existing venous thrombosis comparable with that of DSA.


Assuntos
Veia Ilíaca , Trombose Venosa , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 51(3): 805-813, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813178

RESUMO

The management of acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE) patients who did not respond to systemic thrombolysis (ST) has not been well established. The present study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of catheter-based therapies (CDT) in this condition. We conducted a retrospective study of PE patients after unsuccessful ST (UST) between January 2012 and January 2018. Massive PE was identified in 408 patients and treated with full-dose ST therapy. Thrombolysis at 36 h was judged to be unsuccessful in 52 patients. Four ineligible patients were excluded, and the remaining 48 patients underwent rescue CDT: 30 patients underwent thrombus fragmentation with a rotating pigtail catheter; 8 patients underwent Straub rotational thrombectomy; and 10 patients underwent AngioJet rheolytic thrombectomy. In total, 42 patients subsequently underwent CDT relative to reduced-dose thrombolysis. Pooled clinical success was achieved in 45 patients, and the time-to-clinical instability relief for CDT was short (i.e., 48 h). Clinical findings significantly improved with oxygen saturation and the shock index (p < 0.01). CDT resulted in a significant decrease in the right ventricular (RV)/left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ratio and the average number of patients with pulmonary hypertension (p < 0.01). None of the patients suffered major complications or procedure-related adverse events, and two patients experienced minor complications. During follow-up, RV function symptoms were uneventful. The present study found that CDT is a safe and effective modality for rescue management of massive PE in patients with clinical instability and RV dysfunction after UST, leading to improved clinical outcomes and RV function with a low complication rate.


Assuntos
Monitorização Hemodinâmica/métodos , Trombólise Mecânica , Embolia Pulmonar , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Trombectomia , Feminino , Testes de Função Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Trombólise Mecânica/efeitos adversos , Trombólise Mecânica/instrumentação , Trombólise Mecânica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/instrumentação , Trombectomia/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Função Ventricular Direita
19.
Front Surg ; 8: 760600, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34977140

RESUMO

Background: There are few reports in the literature on the use of Glubran-2 for the embolization of ovarian veins in patients with pelvic venous disorder (PeVD). In addition, a consensus on the efficacy and safety of Glubran-2 has not been reached. Purpose: To investigate the safety and efficacy of ovarian vein embolization (OVE) with N-butyl-2 cyanoacrylate (NBCA) Glubran-2 for the treatment of PeVD. Material and Methods: Between January 2013 and January 2020, 21 women (mean age, 43.9 ± 13.3 years) with PeVD who underwent OVE with Glubran-2 were evaluated. Of those patients, ovarian vein or pelvic venous plexus insufficiency was verified by duplex ultrasound and/or multislice computer tomography (MSCT). The symptoms and signs of PeVD included chronic pelvic pain (CPP) (21/21; 100%), dyspareunia (12/21; 57.1%), dysmenorrhea (10/21; 47.6%), and vulvar varices (3/21; 14.3%). The medical data were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Glubran-2 was employed as the sole embolic material in 18 cases (85.7%) and used to perform rescue embolization in 3 cases (14.3%) due to CPP recurrence 1 month after initial embolization using microcoils. Technically successful embolization was achieved using Glubran-2 in all patients. No Glubran-2 related complications were noted. Neither persistent nor recurrent CPP was observed during follow-up, for which the mean was 62 ± 38 months (range, 12-102 months). Clinical efficacy was evaluated, and all patients exhibited complete or slight improvement of CPP after embolization. The visual analog scale (VAS) score significantly decreased from pre-intervention to post-intervention (p < 0.001). Six patients (28.6%) gave birth to healthy babies during follow-up after embolization with Glubran-2. Conclusions: Ovarian vein embolization with Glubran-2 is a feasible and safe treatment for CPP secondary to PeVD. This treatment may represent a potential and attractive alternative when patients desire symptom relief and want to continue reproducing. Larger studies are warranted to confirm the findings of this study.

20.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(6): 863-871, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report a single centre management experience and mid term outcomes for symptomatic spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. Between 1 August 2012, and 30 June 2018, consecutive patients with symptomatic SISMAD were included. Patient demographics, clinical symptoms, comorbidities, risk factors, and dissection characteristics were obtained. The treatment regimens and clinical and follow up outcomes were reviewed and analysed. A chi square test, Fisher's exact test, or one way analysis of variance was used to compare variables between the groups. Binary logistic regression was used to determine predictive factors for failed conservative treatment. The cumulative rate of complete dissection remodelling was calculated using a Kaplan-Meier curve. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients (mean age, 56.0 ± 9.3 years) were included. Patients at risk of intestinal ischaemia or dissecting aneurysm rupture were considered to be high risk patients (Group 1, n = 16) and received primary endovascular treatment. The remaining patients were considered low risk (Group 2, n = 46) and received primary conservative treatment. Symptom relief was observed in 82.6% of patients in Group 2. Finally, failed conservative treatment was observed in 50% of the low risk patients. Dissection length ≥50 mm was an independent risk factor for failed conservative treatment (p = .019; OR 4.68, 95% CI 1.29-16.98). During a median follow up of 30.5 months (interquartile range, 17.5, 58.3), patients with stents had a higher complete dissection remodelling rate than those without stents. CONCLUSION: This study found that conservative treatment showed satisfactory symptom resolution for low risk SISMAD patients. Endovascular stenting was associated with a high technical success and dissection remodelling rate. This treatment modality might be reserved for patients with high risk SISMAD or failed conservative treatment. In addition, a dissection length ≥50 mm was a risk factor for failed conservative treatment.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Tratamento Conservador , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Mesentérica Superior , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Falha de Tratamento , Remodelação Vascular
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