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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Detecting adverse drug events (ADEs) and medications related information in clinical notes is important for both hospital medical care and medical research. We describe our clinical natural language processing (NLP) system to automatically extract medical concepts and relations related to ADEs and medications from clinical narratives. This work was part of the 2018 National NLP Clinical Challenges Shared Task and Workshop on Adverse Drug Events and Medication Extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors developed a hybrid clinical NLP system that employs a knowledge-based general clinical NLP system for medical concepts extraction, and a task-specific deep learning system for relations identification using attention-based bidirectional long short-term memory networks. RESULTS: The systems were evaluated as part of the 2018 National NLP Clinical Challenges challenge, and our attention-based bidirectional long short-term memory networks based system obtained an F-measure of 0.9442 for relations identification task, ranking fifth at the challenge, and had <2% difference from the best system. Error analysis was also conducted targeting at figuring out the root causes and possible approaches for improvement. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate the generic approaches and the practice of connecting general purposed clinical NLP system to task-specific requirements with deep learning methods. Our results indicate that a well-designed hybrid NLP system is capable of ADE and medication-related information extraction, which can be used in real-world applications to support ADE-related researches and medical decisions.

2.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether cervical elastographic parameters in addition to cervical length (CL) during the 3 trimesters of pregnancy would be predictive of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) among low-risk women. METHODS: This work was a prospective nested case-control study evaluating cervical elastographic parameters and CL in low-risk women during the 3 trimesters of pregnancy. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate significant covariates for prediction of sPTB. The area under the curve of the prediction model was calculated by using a receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: There were 286 women (26 cases and 260 controls) included in the analysis. The parameters of cervical elasticity became softened and heterogeneous during the 3 trimesters of pregnancy in both women with and without sPTB. The differences in the mean strain value at the internal os of the cervix (IOS), ratio (strain ratio of the internal os to the external os) during the second trimester and the IOS during the third trimester between the groups had statistical significance (P < .01; P = .01; P < .01, respectively). The CL had no association with sPTB during the 3 trimesters. The IOS during the second trimester was a better predictor of sPTB, with an area under the curve of 0.730, and sensitivity was 72.73%. CONCLUSIONS: We observed multiple elastographic parameters and demonstrated the physiologic changes in the cervix during the 3 trimesters of pregnancy. Furthermore, we found that the IOS during the second trimester can be helpful in predicting sPTB. However, the CL had no association with sPTB during the 3 trimesters of pregnancy.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659832

RESUMO

Ultra-high-molecular-weight (UHMW) polymers display outstanding properties and hold potential for wide applications. However, their precision synthesis remains challenging. Herein, we developed a novel reversible-deactivation radical polymerization based on the strong and selective fluorine-fluorine interaction, allowing chain-transfer agents spontaneously differentiate into two groups that take charges of chain growth and reversible-deactivation of growing chains, respectively. This method enables dramatically improved livingness of propagation, providing UHMW polymers with surprisingly narrow molecular weight distribution ( D ~ 1.1) from a variety of fluorinated (meth)acrylates and acrylamide at quantitative conversions under visible-light irradiation. In situ chain-end extensions from UHMW polymers facilitated the synthesis of well-defined block copolymers, revealing excellent chain-end fidelity achieved by this method.

4.
Nanoscale ; 11(42): 19959-19968, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603162

RESUMO

Hydrogen, regarded as one of the most promising green and sustainable energy resources, could be generated by splitting water with electrochemical methods. The challenge for efficient hydrogen generation is the sluggish kinetics at the anodes for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Here, a novel catalyst with remarkably enhanced OER activity was prepared by coupling FeOOH and NiCoP/C. The enhanced OER activity of the hybrid catalyst should be ascribed to the synergistic effect of the individual components. First, NiCoP/C derived from ZIF-67 with a hollow rhombic dodecahedral architecture not only allows exposure of numerous active sites but also provides high conductivity. Second, the re-localization of electrons at the coupling interface optimizes the adsorption/desorption nature of intermediate oxygenated species and imparts a high OER activity. The hybrid NiCoP/C@FeOOH catalyst exhibits very high OER activity with a low overpotential of 271 mV for producing a current density of 10 mA cm-2 in 1 M KOH aqueous solution, markedly surpassing the individual counterparts of pure NiCoP/C nanocages and bare FeOOH. This work represents a universal strategy for boosting the OER kinetics of catalysts and pushing boundaries for high-efficiency water oxidation.

5.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt B): 105232, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665681

RESUMO

Limited research has been conducted on the contributions of local and nonlocal emission sources to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) and their associated mortality. In this study, we estimated the total mortality resulting from long-term PM2.5 and O3 exposures in California in 2012 using multiple concentration response functions (CRFs) and attributed the estimated mortality to different emission groups. The point estimates of PM2.5-associated mortality in California ranged from 12,700 to 26,700, of which 53% were attributable to in-state anthropogenic emissions. Based on new epidemiological evidence, we estimated that O3 could be associated with up to 13,700 deaths from diseases of both the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in California. In addition, 75% of the ambient O3 in California was due to distant emissions outside the western United States, leading to 92% of the O3-associated mortality. Overall, distant emissions lead to greater mortality burdens of air pollution in California than local anthropogenic emissions.

6.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(10): 1195-1206, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556245

RESUMO

AIMS: White matter (WM) injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) results in poor or even fatal outcomes. As an anti-inflammatory drug, minocycline has been considered a promising choice to treat brain injury after ICH. However, whether minocycline can reduce WM injury after ICH is still controversial. In the present study, we investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of minocycline on WM injury after ICH. METHODS: An ICH model was induced by an injection of autologous blood into the right frontal lobe of piglets. First, transcriptional analysis was performed at day 1 or 3 to investigate the dynamic changes in neuroinflammatory gene expression in WM after ICH. Second, ICH piglets were treated either with minocycline or with vehicle alone. All piglets then underwent magnetic resonance imaging to measure brain swelling. Brain tissue was used for real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and electron microscopy. RESULTS: Transcriptional analysis demonstrated that transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling is associated with microglia/macrophage-mediated inflammation activation after ICH and is then involved in WM injury after ICH in piglets. Minocycline treatment results in less ICH-induced brain swelling, fewer neurological deficits, and less WM injury in comparison with the vehicle alone. In addition, minocycline reduces microglial activation and alleviates demyelination in white matter after ICH. Finally, we found that minocycline attenuates WM injury by increasing the expression of TGF-ß and suppressing MAPK activation after ICH. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that TGF-ß-mediated MAPK signaling contributes to WM injury after ICH, which can be altered by minocycline treatment.

7.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2019 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate the potential of a radiomic signature developed in a general non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cohort for predicting the overall survival of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive (ALK+) patients with different treatment types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After test-retest in the Reference Image Database to Evaluate Therapy Response data set, 132 features (intraclass correlation coefficient > 0.9) were selected in the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox regression model with a leave-one-out cross-validation. The NSCLC radiomics collection from The Cancer Imaging Archive was randomly divided into a training set (n = 254) and a validation set (n = 63) to develop a general radiomic signature for NSCLC. In our ALK+ set, 35 patients received targeted therapy and 19 patients received nontargeted therapy. The developed signature was tested later in this ALK+ set. Performance of the signature was evaluated with the concordance index (C-index) and stratification analysis. RESULTS: The general signature had good performance (C-index > 0.6; log rank P < .05) in the NSCLC radiomics collection. It includes 5 features: Geom_va_ratio, W_GLCM_Std, W_GLCM_DV, W_GLCM_IM2, and W_his_mean. Its accuracy of predicting overall survival in the ALK+ set achieved 0.649 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.640-0.658). Nonetheless, impaired performance was observed in the targeted therapy group (C-index = 0.573; 95% CI, 0.556-0.589) whereas significantly improved performance was observed in the nontargeted therapy group (C-index = 0.832; 95% CI, 0.832-0.852). Stratification analysis also showed that the general signature could only identify high- and low-risk patients in the nontargeted therapy group (log rank P = .00028). CONCLUSION: This preliminary study suggests that the applicability of a general signature to ALK+ patients is limited. The general radiomic signature seems to be only applicable to ALK+ patients who had received nontargeted therapy, which indicates that developing special radiomics signatures for patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors might be necessary.

8.
Phys Med Biol ; 64(16): 165017, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433791

RESUMO

The potential risks of x-ray to patients have transferred the public's attention from normal dose CT (NDCT) to low-dose CT (LDCT). However, simply lowering the radiation dose of the CT system will significantly degrade the quality of CT images such as noise and artifacts, which compromises the diagnostic performance. Hence, various methods have been proposed to solve this problem over the past decades. Although these methods have achieved impressive results, they also suffer from a drawback of smoothing image details after denoising, which makes it difficult for clinical diagnosis and treatment. To address this issue, this paper introduces a novel gradient regularization method for LDCT enhancement. Rather than common methods which only consider the pixel-wise gray value loss in the reconstruction procedure, we also take the image gradient loss into consideration to preserve image details. By combining the gradient regularization method and the convolutional neural network (CNN) framework, a gradient regularized convolutional neural network (GRCNN) is proposed to enhance LDCT images which has achieved promising performance in our experiments both visually and quantitatively.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434162

RESUMO

Chronic bacterial infections in the oral cavity influence the development of dental caries. Mutans streptococci (MS) is the major pathogenic cause of dental caries. The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks dental caries, cancer and cardiovascular diseases as the three major global diseases that need urgent preventative and curative measures. However, substantial evidence suggests that traditional prevention and treatment strategies are inefficient in reducing the prevalence of dental caries. For protection against caries, it is important to develop effective vaccines that induce anti-colonizing immunity against Streptococcus mutans infections. In the present investigation, we constructed a fusion anti-caries DNA vaccine (PAcA-ctxB) through fusing A region of cell surface protein PAc (PAcA) coding gene of Mutans streptococci with cholera toxin B subunit coding gene (CTB). Afterwards, the plasmids were integrated into tomato genomes through agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation technology. The presence of transgenes in the tomato genome was confirmed by PCR, GUS and western blot. The expression of genes was confirmed at transcription and protein level. Altogether, the results presented herein showed that transgenic tomatoes may provide a useful system for the production of human caries antigen. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469454

RESUMO

Midazolam is a benzodiazepine with sedative, muscle relaxant, anxiolytic, and anticonvulsant effects. Twelve ball pythons (Python regius) were used in a parallel study evaluating the pharmacokinetics of 1 mg/kg midazolam following a single intracardiac (IC) or intramuscular (IM) administration. Blood was collected from a central venous catheter placed 7 days prior, or by cardiocentesis, at 15 time points starting just prior to and up to 72 hr after drug administration. Plasma concentrations of midazolam and 1-hydroxymidazolam were determined by the use of high-performance liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry and pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using noncompartmental analysis. The mean ± SD terminal half-lives of IC and IM midazolam were 12.04 ± 3.25 hr and 16.54 ± 7.10 hr, respectively. The area under the concentration-time curve extrapolated to infinity, clearance, and apparent volume of distribution in steady-state of IC midazolam were 19,112.3 ± 3,095.9 ng*hr/ml, 0.053 ± 0.008 L hr-1  kg-1 , and 0.865 ± 0.289 L/kg, respectively. The bioavailability of IM midazolam was estimated at 89%. Maximum plasma concentrations following an IM administration were reached 2.33 ± 0.98 hr and 24.00 ± 14.12 hr postinjection for midazolam and 1-hydroxymidazolam, respectively, and 22.33 ± 20.26 hr postinjection for 1-hydroxymidazolam following IC administration.

11.
Nanotechnology ; 30(46): 465602, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412321

RESUMO

The development of effective strategies for the massive production of layer-number tunable graphene is of great importance to satisfy the requirements in versatile applications such as energy storage, thermal management, photocatalysis. However, how to prepare the layer-tunable graphene by a simple and efficient way is still a great challenge. Herein, an attempt has been made to exfoliate graphite into layer-tunable graphene by simply soaking the graphite in a binary-component solution composed of H2SO4 and (NH4)2S2O8. In this one-step method, we demonstrate that the layer-number for the as-prepared graphene can be significantly reduced by increasing the exfoliating temperature. An average thickness of ∼20, ∼10, and ∼3 atomic layers can be obtained for the graphene samples exfoliated at the temperature of 30 °C, 60 °C, and 90 °C, respectively. Meanwhile, higher exfoliating temperature not only facilitates the higher efficiency in the exfoliation of graphite, but also achieves a superior conductivity for the prepared graphene. We have demonstrated for the first time that controlling in a sole factor of temperature can effectively tune the layer-number of graphene by a one-step chemical exfoliation method, which will find its great potential in the practical application where the designated property of graphene is required.

12.
Endocrine ; 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456041

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A clinical case presenting secondary amenorrhea accompanied by an adrenal adenoma and hyperprogesteronemia is described in this study. METHODS: Selective catheterization and sampling of adrenal and ovarian veins were performed. RESULTS: The source of hyperprogesteronemia was located in the right adrenal gland. A progesterone-producing tumor in the right adrenal gland was diagnosed and removed. Twenty-six days after tumor resection, menstruation occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Progesterone-producing tumors should be considered with the presence of an adrenal mass and hyperprogesteronemia. Combined adrenal and ovarian venous sampling may help to identify the source of progesterone secretion.

13.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 498: 110541, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415795

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs without protein-coding functions that negatively regulate target genes and play important roles in physiological and pathological processes. The aim of this work was to reveal a novel miRNA/gene pathway in diabetic retinopathy (DR). A microarray was used to screen miRNAs in samples from nondiabetic controls and patients with DR, and miR-223-3p was screened as a potential candidate. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) revealed that the level of miR-223-3p was frequently overexpressed in DR samples and human retinal endothelial cells (hRECs) in hyperglycemia, but it was decreased in hyperglycemia after the addition of transthyretin (TTR). In addition, according to cell proliferation, tube formation, and wound healing assays, the downregulation of miR-223-3p suppressed cell migration and proliferation, whereas miR-223-3p upregulation showed the opposite effects. Furthermore, luciferase assays identified F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7) as a target mRNA of miR-223-3p. High glucose conditions facilitated the recruitment of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) and promoted the transcription of miR-223-3p. In hRECs, in a hyperglycemic environment, TTR inhibited STAT4 expression, downregulated the level of miR-223-3p, and finally promoted FBXW7 expression. This study found a novel mechanism whereby TTR might affect neovascularization through a newly identified STAT4/miR-223-3p/FBXW7 cascade in DR.

14.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405117

RESUMO

Two new terpene glycosides (1-2) along with two known analogs (3-4) were obtained from the root of Sanguisorba officinalis, which is a common traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Their structures were elucidated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electrospray ionization high resolution mass spectrometry (HRESIMS), and a hydrolysis reaction, as well as comparison of these data with the literature data. Compounds 1-4 exhibited anti-inflammatory properties in vitro by attenuating the production of inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO) as well as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). An anti-inflammatory assay based on the zebrafish experimental platform indicated that compound 1 had good anti-inflammatory activity in vivo by not only regulating the distribution, but also by reducing the amount of the macrophages of the zebrafish exposed to copper sulfate.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2572-2579, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359726

RESUMO

Inflammatory response is caused by exogenous and endogenous stimuli,resulting in a non-specific resistance reaction.After acute ischemic cerebral infarction,inflammatory factors gather and adhere in the ischemic area of leukocyte infiltration,and the released inflammatory factors causes the injury cascade,aggravate the brain tissue damage and the symptoms of neurological deficits,and hinder the repair of brain neurons and the recovery of nerve function. In this paper,the key targets in the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway were studied. The Hiphop pharmacophore model of s PLA2-ⅡA and COX-2 inhibitors was built. According tothe two previously constructed 5-LOX and LTA4 H target inhibitors,the pharmacophore model was used to initially screen out the composition database of all of 13 traditional Chinese medicines in Xixian Tongshuan Preparation. The molecular matching study was carried out by selecting the matching value greater than 0. 6,and the component with the CDOCKER score greater than 80% of the original ligand score was used as the potential active inhibitor of the target. Considering the pharmacophore matching value,the molecular docking score and the interaction between the components and the target,one Chuanxiong component and one safflower component were selected as potential inhibitors of s PLA2-ⅡA; two Chuanxiong components,two Panax notoginseng,one safflower component,one angelica component,one valerian component were taken as a potential inhibitor of COX-2; two Gentiana components,one safflower component,one valerian component,one P. notoginseng component and one Angelica component were taken as potential inhibitors of 5-LOX; and two Gentiana components,two Chuanxiong components,and two safflower components were taken as potential inhibitors of LTA4 H. This study screened out the potential inhibitors of the four targets in a high-efficiency and low-cost manner,and explained that Xixian Tongshuan Preparation showed an effect in the treatment of inflammatory responses caused by ischemic stroke by acting both LOX pathway and COX pathway in the metabolic pathway.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligantes , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
16.
Arch Toxicol ; 93(9): 2661-2671, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332466

RESUMO

Bisphenol analogues including bisphenol A and its derivatives are ubiquitous environmental contaminants and have been linked to adverse neurodevelopment effects on animals and humans. Most toxicological research focused on estrogen receptor mediated pathways and did not comprehensively clarify the observed toxicity. O-GlcNAcase (OGA), the highest level in brain, plays a critical role in controlling neuronal functions at multi-levels from molecule to animal behaviors. In this work, we intend to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms for the neurotoxicity of bisphenol analogues by identifying their cellular targets and the resultant effects. The inhibitory actions of seven bisphenol analogues on the OGA activity at molecular level were investigated by our developed electrochemical biosensor. We found that their potency varied with substituent groups, in which tetrabromo bisphenol A (TBBPA) was the strongest. The seven bisphenol analogues (0-100 µM exposure) significantly inhibited OGA activity and up-regulated protein O-GlcNAcylation level in PC12 cells. Inhibition of OGA by bisphenol analogues further induced intracellular calcium, ROS, inflammation, repressed proliferation, interfered with cell cycle, induced apoptosis. And especially, 10 µM tetrabromo bisphenol A (TBBPA) exposure could impair the growth and development of neurite in human neural stem cells (hNSCs). Molecular docking for OGA/bisphenol analogue complexes revealed the hydrophobicity-dominated inhibition potency. OGA, as a new cellular target of bisphenol analogues, would illuminate the molecular mechanism of bisphenol analogues neurotoxicity.

17.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 26(11): 1218-1226, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identifying patients who meet selection criteria for clinical trials is typically challenging and time-consuming. In this article, we describe our clinical natural language processing (NLP) system to automatically assess patients' eligibility based on their longitudinal medical records. This work was part of the 2018 National NLP Clinical Challenges (n2c2) Shared-Task and Workshop on Cohort Selection for Clinical Trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors developed an integrated rule-based clinical NLP system which employs a generic rule-based framework plugged in with lexical-, syntactic- and meta-level, task-specific knowledge inputs. In addition, the authors also implemented and evaluated a general clinical NLP (cNLP) system which is built with the Unified Medical Language System and Unstructured Information Management Architecture. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The systems were evaluated as part of the 2018 n2c2-1 challenge, and authors' rule-based system obtained an F-measure of 0.9028, ranking fourth at the challenge and had less than 1% difference from the best system. While the general cNLP system didn't achieve performance as good as the rule-based system, it did establish its own advantages and potential in extracting clinical concepts. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that a well-designed rule-based clinical NLP system is capable of achieving good performance on cohort selection even with a small training data set. In addition, the investigation of a Unified Medical Language System-based general cNLP system suggests that a hybrid system combining these 2 approaches is promising to surpass the state-of-the-art performance.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1882-1888, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342717

RESUMO

The thrombus is a deposit that is formed on the surface of the endovascular or at the site of repair,and known as the main complication of cardiovascular disease and the cause of death. At the same time,thrombus is mainly treated by the following three ways: anticoagulation,anti-platelet aggregation and thrombolysis. In this study,the chemical constituents of seven traditional Chinese medicines in the Xixian Tongshuan Preparation were collected to construct a component database. Subsequently,the pharmacophore were used to screen out the component database,and molecular docking was used to screen out the results of pharmacophore for explaining the material basis and mechanism that Xixian Tongshuan Preparation exerts anti-thrombotic activity by inhibiting platelet aggregation. First of all,P2 Y12,GPⅡb/Ⅲa and PAR1 were selected as study vectors,the optimal models of inhibitors were obtained respectively through verification and evaluation of the pharmacophore models. Afterwards,the component database was screened out by the optimal pharmacophore models of PAR1,P2 Y12 and GP Ⅱ b/Ⅲ a,and the molecular docking method was used to further refine the screening results. The screening results indicated that the anti-platelet aggregation effect of Xixian Tongshuan Preparation was correlated with the inhibition of P2 Y12,PAR1 and GPⅡb/Ⅲa expressions with saffower yellower,hirudin and candidin and notoginseng triterpenes,folinic acid,respectively. The material basis and mechanism of anti-platelet aggregation of Xixian Tongshuan Preparation provided a theoretical basis for the clinical use of the preparation and the lead compounds for the development of anti-platelet aggregation drugs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Agregação Plaquetária , Trombose , Bases de Dados de Produtos Farmacêuticos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2353-2358, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359663

RESUMO

In this paper, Xixian Tongshuan Preparation was used as the research object, and all the chemical components of the 13 traditional Chinese medicines were collected. The target finding technique was used to obtain the key targets of the neuroprotective effect of Xixian Tongshuan Preparation, including 5 glutamate receptors, TGFR-1 and VEGFR-2. Molecular docking technology was used to screen out the potential active components of the above targets and to analyze their mechanism of action. It was found that single component, such as neo-complanatoside and neo-carthamin, in Xixian Tongshuan Preparation could simultaneously act on different targets. The chemical constituents in Ligusticum chuanxiong, Angelica sinensis, Carthamus tinctorius, and Panax pseudo-ginseng could simultaneously act on different neuroprotective-related targets, which reflected the application of multi-components to multi-targets. Point and multiple sites played a key role in protecting neurons against cerebral ischemic injury. This study explains the multi-target mechanism of anti-cerebral ischemic injury in neuroprotection at the molecular level, and provides a certain direction for the clinical application and experimental research of Xixian Tongshuan Preparation.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Infarto Cerebral , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(15): 4149-4156, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290657

RESUMO

Benefiting from morphology-/size-tunable optical features, nanocrystals have been considered promising candidates for display or lighting applications. To achieve selective characteristic emission, precise control in size and morphology is thus a prerequisite. Herein, we report that the nanosecond-pulsed laser irradiation induces CsPbBr3 reshaping, yielding precise control of size and morphology. Under 532 and 355 nm laser irradiation, polydisperse CsPbBr3 nanocrystals or raw micron powders can be reshaped into uniform sizes of 12 and 6 nm, respectively. Moreover, by tuning ligand composition, the morphology of reshaped nanocrystals can be manipulated, such as nanocubes, nanorods, or nanosheets. Results reveal that the reshaping process relies on striving for a delicate balance between energy deposition and heat dissipation under irradiation. A low dissipation rate leads to temperature rising and lattice breaking, which turn out to be the driving forces for reshaping. This feasible method provides a reliable, and scalable route toward preparation of perovskite functional nanocrystals.

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