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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770128

RESUMO

Continuous coal mining results in dramatic regional land use change, and significantly influences the sustainable development of coal resource-based cities. Present studies pay little attention to the characteristics and regularities of land use change in coal resource-based cities, caused by underground coal mining in high groundwater areas. Based on the Landsat remote sensing images of 1999, 2000, 2010, and 2018 of Huaibei City, a typical coal resource-based city of a high ground water area on the North China Plain, this paper applies the dynamic degree and transition matrix of land use to analyze the land use change characteristics, and identify the regularity between land use type and coal mining production in this coal resource-based city. Results show that the land use change in the research area presents an overall characteristic of a constant increase in water area, urban construction land, and rural settlement land, and a continuous decrease in cultivated land. Cultivated land is converted into a water area, urban construction land, and rural settlement land, and rural settlement land and cultivated land are converted bidirectionally. The land use change in this coal resource-based city demonstrates significant reliance on coal resources, and coal mining is significantly related to the area of cultivated land, water area, and rural settlement land, which demonstrates that continuous large-scale coal mining results in damage to cultivated land, a decrease in rural settlement land, and an increase in water area. The research result contributes to the sustainable land use of coal resource-based cities.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Água Subterrânea , China , Cidades , Carvão Mineral , Mineração
2.
Water Res ; 207: 117810, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741901

RESUMO

Urine with its abundant macronutrients (N-P-K) is an ideal resource for the production of fertiliser. However, the odor and pathogens in the raw urine must be removed to meet the public acceptance of urine collection systems and to enable its safe reuse as a fertiliser. In this work, real urine was collected and treated through a pilot-scale gravity-driven membrane bioreactor (GDMBR) to remove the malodorous organics and to nitrify almost 50% of the ammonia into nitrate. The stablised urine was subsequently distilled via low-cost heat localized solar evaporation (HLSE) to produce a non-odorous solid fertiliser. The developed HLSE with a small footprint can attract bulk solution into a vertical insulated space and quickly heat it up to 68 °C within 1 h. The HLSE process had vapour flux at 1.3 kg m-2 h-1 as well as high solar to vapour conversion efficiency at 87%. Based on the EDX mapping and XRD analysis, the generated crystals are mainly NaNO3, NH4Cl, NaCl, NH4H2PO4 and K2HPO4, which are ideal nutrients for vegetation. In this study, the produced urine-derived fertilisers have a better performance on the growth of the leafy basil than the all-purpose commercial fertilisers. Generally, the GDMBR-HLSE is a promising cost-effective and green technology for nutrients recovery from urine.

3.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-5, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623220

RESUMO

To evaluate whether two-dose of varicella vaccine would provide a better protection to children from varicella than one-dose, we conducted a 1:3 matched case-control study in children in Qingdao, China. A total of 509 varicella cases aged 6-11 y were collected from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention (CISDCP). And 1,527 controls, who did not suffer from varicella, were selected and matched with cases by age and class. The varicella vaccine effectiveness (VE) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated. The vaccination coverage rate of one-dose varicella vaccine in the cases was 52.9%, while for the controls was 59.1%. And the two-dose vaccination rate in the cases and controls were 4.3% and 14.5%, respectively. A statistically significant difference was found in the immunization history between the cases and controls (P < .001).The overall varicella VE was 56.1% (95% CI: 45.0%-64.9%), and the VE of two-dose vaccination (81.6%, 95% CI: 70.5%-88.4%) was substantially higher than that of one-dose vaccination (44.7%, 95% CI: 31.6%-55.4%). For less than 2 y, 2-4 y, 4-6 y, and more than 6 y after only one-dose vaccination, the varicella VE were 96.6% (95% CI: 75.0%-99.5%), 81.2% (95% CI: 55.6%-92.0%), 60.8% (95% CI: 46.8%-70.2%), and 18.0% (95% CI: 4.3%-35.6%), respectively. The varicella VE gradually decreased over time (P for trend < 0.001). It is recommended that the coverage of varicella vaccine should be increased and two-dose of varicella vaccine should be included in the National Immunization Program of China.

4.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 749484, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692702

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study is to analyze the genotype-phenotype correlation of patients with auditory neuropathy (AN), which is a clinical condition featuring normal cochlear responses and abnormal neural responses, and ATP1A3 c.2452 G > A (p.E818K), which has been generally recognized as a genetic cause of cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy, and sensorineural hearing loss (CAPOS) syndrome. Methods: Four patients diagnosed as AN by clinical evaluation and otoacoustic emission and auditory brainstem responses were recruited and analyzed by next-generation sequencing to identify candidate disease-causing variants. Sanger sequencing was performed on the patients and their parents to verify the results, and short tandem repeat-based testing was conducted to confirm the biological relationship between the parents and the patients. Furthermore, cochlear implantation (CI) was performed in one AN patient to reconstruct hearing. Results: Four subjects with AN were identified to share a de novo variant, p.E818K in the ATP1A3 gene. Except for the AN phenotype, patients 1 and 2 exhibited varying degrees of neurological symptoms, implying that they can be diagnosed as CAPOS syndrome. During the 15 years follow-up of patient 1, we observed delayed neurological events and progressive bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in pure tone threshold (pure tone audiometry, PTA). Patient 2 underwent CI on his left ear, and the result was poor. The other two patients (patient 3 and patient 4, who were 8 and 6 years old, respectively) denied any neurological symptoms. Conclusion: ATP1A3 p.E818K has rarely been documented in the Chinese AN population. Our study confirms that p.E818K in the ATP1A3 gene is a multiethnic cause of AN in Chinese individuals. Our study further demonstrates the significance of genetic testing for this specific mutation for identifying the special subtype of AN with somewhat favorable CI outcome and offers a more accurate genetic counseling about the specific de novo mutation.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21020, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697367

RESUMO

Little attention has been paid to the relationship between air pollutants and varicella among adults. We used data collected in Qingdao, China from 2014 to 2019. A combination of quasi-Poisson generalized linear model (GLM) and distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was applied to evaluate the association between exposure to air pollutants and varicella. And the effects of exposure to extremely high concentration (at 97.5th percentile) and low concentration (at 2.5th percentile) of air pollutants on varicella were also calculated. The level II of GB3095-2012 was used as the reference. A 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5 was significantly associated with an increased risk of varicella (lag day: 4, 5 and 6). The negative associations were found for NO2 per 10 µg/m3 increase from lag 15 to 19 day. The high PM2.5 concentration (135 µg/m3) was significantly associated with the increased risk of varicella (lag day: 6, 7). For NO2, the negative association was found at high concentration (75 µg/m3) on lag 15 to 20 day; and the positive relationship was shown at low concentration (10 µg/m3) on lag 15 to 20 day. Exposure to PM2.5 and NO2 were significantly associated with the risk of varicella among adults.

6.
Life Sci ; 285: 120002, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599937

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the relationship between renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (RIRI) and the activation of the renal 5-HT degradation system, including 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR), 5-HT synthases and monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A). MAIN METHODS: Rat RIRI was induced by removing the right kidney, causing ischemia of the left kidney for 45 min and reperfusion for different times. RIRI model (ischemia for 45 min and reperfusion for 24 h) was pretreated with 5-HT2AR antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and the 5-HT synthase inhibitor carbidopa. In HK-2 cells, cellular damage was induced by hypoxia (24 h)/reoxygenation (12 h) (H/R) and treated with SH, carbidopa or the MAO-A inhibitor clorgyline. Hematoxylin-eosin, immunohistochemistry, TUNEL and fluorescent probe staining, RT-qPCR, western blotting, ELISA, etc. were used in the tests. KEY FINDINGS: The development of RIRI and the emergence of the RIRI peak were consistent with renal 5-HT degradation system activation. The highest expression regions of the 5-HT degradation system overlapped with those of the most severe lesions in the kidney, which were in proximal renal tubules. Rat RIRI and HK-2 cell damage, including oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis, could be almost abolished by synergistic inhibition of SH and carbidopa. Clorgyline also abolished the cellular damage induced by H/R. H/R-induced production of mitochondrial ROS in HK-2 cells was due to MAO-A-catalyzed 5-HT degradation, and 5-HT2AR was involved by mediating the expression of 5-HT synthases and MAO-A. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings revealed a close association between RIRI and activation of the renal 5-HT degradation system.


Assuntos
Túbulos Renais/irrigação sanguínea , Túbulos Renais/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Receptor 5-HT2A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565263

RESUMO

Subtle distal Fallopian tube abnormalities comprise a group of diseases that are characterised by subtle variations in tubal anatomy. This prospective cohort study investigated the prevalence of subtle distal Fallopian tube abnormalities in the infertile population and their relationship with endometriosis. It was conducted in a single fertility referral centre between January 2017 and December 2018 and included all infertile patients who underwent laparoscopy. Subtle distal Fallopian tube abnormalities included fimbrial agglutination, tubal diverticula, accessory ostium, fimbrial phimosis, and accessory Fallopian tube. A total of 876 patients were enrolled in the study, and 251 cases (28.65%; mean age: 29.4 ± 4.7 years) were diagnosed with subtle tube abnormalities. A total of 179 of these cases presented only one type of abnormality, 62 presented two types of abnormalities, and 12 presented three types. Tubal fimbrial agglutination composed the largest group (62.2%; n = 156), followed by tubal diverticula (26.3%; n = 66), fimbrial phimosis (25.5%; n = 64), tubal accessory ostium (15.5%; n = 39), and tubal accessory ostium (15.5%; n = 39). An accessory Fallopian tube was the least common abnormity (4.8%; n = 12). A total of 70.9% (178/251) of the women with subtle tubal abnormalities had endometriosis. The prevalence of subtle distal Fallopian tube abnormalities in the stage I-II group was significantly higher than in the stage III-IV group (57.3% [149/260] vs. 20.9% [29/139]; p < 0.001). These findings indicate the high prevalence of subtle distal Fallopian tube abnormalities in the infertile woman. This group of diseases is highly related to endometriosis and may indicate fimbrial abnormalities of endometriosis.

8.
Talanta ; 235: 122796, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517654

RESUMO

Bone metastasis of malignant solid tumors has become one of the most serious complications, especially in breast cancer, which was particularly challenging for early detection and treatment in clinical practice. In this work, we reported a new fluorescently labeled bisphosphonate for bone metastasis detection of breast cancer. The designed probes were based on Rhodamine B and bisphosphonate as recognition group, which can specifically target hydroxyapatite (HA) existed in bone tissue. After the osteoclasts were adsorbed on the bone surface, the surrounding microenvironment was acidified, causing the HA to locally dissolve. The probe bound to the HA was then released, and realized the fluorescence turn on under acidic conditions. In vitro experiments showed that G0 was more excellent than G2 owing to shorter connecting arm. Subsequently, we proved that G0 could combine with HA rapidly and exhibit excellent response in solid state. More importantly, we established a model of bone metastasis with MDA-MB-231 cells which was similar to the clinical cases and evaluated the theranostics value of G0 prospectively, which provide the potential application prospect in clinical.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Osso e Ossos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Difosfonatos , Feminino , Humanos , Osteoclastos , Medicina de Precisão , Microambiente Tumoral
9.
Innovation (N Y) ; 2(3): 100144, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557781

RESUMO

Decoupled electrolysis of water is a promising strategy for peak load regulation of electricity. The key to developing this technology is to construct decoupled devices containing stable redox mediators and corresponding efficient catalysts, which remains a considerable challenge. Herein, we designed a high-performance device, using polysulfides as mediators and graphene-encapsulated CoNi as catalysts. It produced H2 with a low potential of 0.82 V at 100 mA/cm2, saving 60.2% more energy than direct water electrolysis. The capacity of H2 production reached 2.5×105 mAh/cm2, which is the highest capacity reported so far. This device exhibited excellent cyclability in 15-day recycle tests, without any decay of performance. The calculation results revealed that the electronic structure of the graphene shell was modulated by the electron transfer from N-dopant and metal core, which significantly facilitated recycle of polysulfides on graphene surfaces. This study provides a promising method for constructing a smart grid by developing efficient decoupled devices.

10.
Chem Biol Interact ; 349: 109662, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560070

RESUMO

As a widely used anticancer drug in the clinic, cisplatin has obvious side effects, especially nephrotoxicity. Previous studies have suggested that the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a hallmark of cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ROS accumulation induced by cisplatin and 5-HT degradation. In vivo, by HE and TUNEL staining, we found that cisplatin-induced renal lesions and apoptotic regions, which were located in proximal tubular epithelial cells, were also the regions in which tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (Tph1), aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR) and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) were overexpressed, as determined by immunohistochemistry. Notably, the 5-HT2AR antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and the AADC inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) significantly attenuated cisplatin-induced increases in serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels, renal ROS levels, oxidative stress (SOD activity and MDA), proinflammatory cytokine levels (NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1ß), proapoptotic factor levels (Bax, Bcl-2, C-caspase 3 and C-caspase 9) and the phosphorylation of p38 and STAT3, as well as renal lesions and apoptosis. The combination of SH and CDP could almost abolish the effects of cisplatin challenge. In vitro, the effects of cisplatin challenge and the inhibitory effects of SH and CDP were also observed in HK-2 cells. Additionally, similar to the combination of SH and CDP, the MAO-A inhibitor clorgyline could also abolish the effects of cisplatin challenge. More importantly, by western blotting, we detected that the upregulation of Tph1, AADC and MAO-A expression induced by cisplatin both in vivo and in vitro could be obviously suppressed by SH to decrease 5-HT synthesis and mitochondrial 5-HT degradation. Altogether, these findings suggested that cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is due to the activation of the 5-HT degradation system in proximal tubular epithelial cells, including 5-HT2AR and 5-HT synthesis and degradation. 5-HT2AR plays a role by mediating the expression of MAO-A and the 5-HT synthases Tph1 and AADC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Túbulos Renais Proximais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serotonina/metabolismo , Animais , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR
11.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(4): 673-679, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the genetic causes of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) patients in China. This study focused on analyzing variations of coding sequence of common genes related to deafness, revealing the molecular pathogenesis of sudden deafness from a genomics perspective, discovering molecular markers associated with the onset of deafness, and then supplying prevention to high-risk populations, classifying disease according to accurate etiology, and choosing a much more precision therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 51 patients diagnosed as SSNHL with vertigo treated in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. In this study, mutation screening of 307 nuclear genes and mitochondrial genome responsible for human or mouse deafness was performed on the 51 cases of unilateral sudden deafness patients with vertigo. RESULTS: We identified 51 cases of unilateral sudden deafness, including 2 cases of low-mid frequency hearing impairment, 18 cases of mid-high frequency hearing loss, 11 cases of flat-type hearing loss, and 20 cases of all frequency hearing loss. Among the 51 cases, 8 (15.69%) cases of GJB2 heterozygous variations, 1 (1.96%) case of GJB3 heterozygous variations, 5 (9.8%) cases of SLC26A4 heterozygous variations, 2 (3.92%) cases of COCH heterozygous variations, 14 (27.45%) cases of CDH23 heterozygous variations, 14 (27.45%) cases of OTOF heterozygous variations, 1 (1.96%) case of SLC17A8 heterozygous variations and 2 (3.92%) cases of KCNE1 heterozygous variations. No mtDNA gene variations were identified. CONCLUSION: SSNHL has some relationship with hereditary in Chinese population, but its complex genetic pathogenic mechanisms need further study.

12.
Eur J Med Genet ; 64(10): 104311, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416374

RESUMO

Hereditary hearing loss (HL) has high genetic and phenotypical heterogeneity including the overlapping and variable phenotypic features. For sporadic HL without a family history, it is more difficult to indicate the contribution of genetic factors to define a pattern of inheritance. We assessed the contribution of genetic variants and patterns of inheritance by a family trio-based sequencing and provided new insight into genetics. We conducted an analysis of data from unrelated sporadic patients with HL (n = 404) who underwent trio-based whole-exome sequencing (trio-WES) or proband-only WES (p-WES) or targeted exome sequencing (TES), and the samples of their unaffected-parents (n = 808)were validated. A molecular diagnosis was rendered for 191 of 404 sporadic HL patients (47.3%) in multiple modes of inheritance, including autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD) caused by de novo variants, copy-number variants (CNVs), X-linked recessive, and dual genetic diagnosis. Among these patients, 83 (43.5%) cases were diagnosed with variants in rare genes. Sporadic HL patients were identified by multiple modes of transmission. Observed variations in rare genes and multiple modes of inheritance can strikingly emphasize the important etiological contribution of recessive and de novo genetic variants to a large cohort of sporadic HL cases plus their parents.


Assuntos
Genes Recessivos , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genes Dominantes , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Testes Genéticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem
13.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 9186056, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234879

RESUMO

Background: Morule-like component (MLC) was a rare structure in primary lung adenocarcinoma. We aimed to reveal the clinicopathological, radiological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of lung adenocarcinoma with MLCs. Methods: Twenty lung adenocarcinomas with MLCs were collected, and computed tomographic and histological documents were reviewed. Immunohistochemistry, targeted next-generation sequencing, and Sanger sequencing for ß-catenin gene were performed. Results: There were 9 lepidic adenocarcinomas, 8 acinar adenocarcinomas, 2 papillary adenocarcinomas, and 1 minimally invasive adenocarcinoma. Most patients (16/17) were shown a pure solid nodule, and 1 patient was shown a partly solid nodule on chest computed tomography (CT). Nine cases were accompanied with micropapillary components, and 3 were with cribriform components in which 2 suffered a worse prognosis. No significant association was found between the MCLs and the overall survival of lung adenocarcinoma (P = 0.109). The MLCs were often arranged in whorled or streaming patterns. The cells in MLCs showed syncytial and mild appearance. The MLCs were positive for E-cadherin, CK7, TTF-1, napsin-A, vimentin, and ß-catenin (membrane), and negative for CK5/6, p40, p63, Synaptophysin, chromogranin A, and Cdx-2. EGFR mutation, ALK-EML4 fusion, HER2 amplification, and PIK3CA mutation were detected in 16 cases, 2 cases, 1 case, and 1 case, respectively. EGFR mutation was more frequent in adenocarcinomas with MLCs than those without MLCs (P = 0.040). ß-catenin gene mutation was not detected in any patients. Conclusions: MLC is often observed in the background of acinar, lepidic, and papillary adenocarcinomas. Lung adenocarcinomas with MLCs tend to appear as a solid mass on CT and harbor EGFR gene mutations. The micropapillary components and cribriform components may cause poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinomas with MLCs. Vimentin is always positive in MLCs, and it is a useful marker for the identification of MLCs.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(15): 10684-10694, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259503

RESUMO

As an attractive alternative to the Haber-Bosch process, an electrochemical process for nitrate (NO3-) reduction to ammonia (NH3) has made great strides in the development of advanced electrocatalysts to suppress the unavoidable H2 evolution reaction (HER) and side production of N2. However, isochronous NH3 separation and recovery from the mother liquor, especially wastewaters, are awfully neglected in state-of-the-art electrochemical systems. Here, we designed electrochemical three-phase interfaces constructed by a CoP cathode and a flat-sheet gas membrane to achieve NO3- reduction to ammonia and simultaneous NH3 recovery in the form of (NH4)2SO4 from wastewaters. The partial current density for ammonia yield and its recovery rate were 37.3 mA cm-2 and 306 g NH3-N m-2 day-1, respectively, accompanying 100% NO3- removal and 99.7% NH3 extraction. By favoring the originally unfavored side reaction HER, it served as the driving force for NH3 separation from the wastewater through gas stripping and membrane separation at the three-phase interfaces. Unexpectedly, the timely NH3 separation could also promote the reduction of NO3- to ammonia due to the release of much more active sites. From these, we envision that the present electrochemical process can be routinely employed as an effective strategy to address energy and environmental issues with NH3 recovery from NO3- wastewater.


Assuntos
Amônia , Nitratos , Amônia/análise , Elétrons , Óxidos de Nitrogênio , Águas Residuárias
15.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 908: 174355, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280394

RESUMO

5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is involved in the pathological processes of several liver diseases. Acute liver injury underlies the development of many liver diseases, but the mechanism remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the role of 5-HT in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury. Acute liver injury was induced with CCl4 (10 mg/kg) in mice pretreated with the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and the 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP). LO2 cells were treated with CCl4, 5-HT or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-idopametamine and pretreated with SH, CDP or the monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor clorgyline. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, Real-time quantitative PCR, western blotting, fluorescent probe and biochemical markers were used to evaluate liver compromise. 5-HT2A receptor, 5-HT synthetase and MAO-A were expressed in hepatocytes; their gene and protein expression were upregulated by CCl4, which led to the degradation of mitochondrial 5-HT and overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hepatic injury may be aggravated by ROS, which induce oxidative stress and the phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, Jun N-terminal kinase, extracellular regulated protein kinase, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and nuclear factor kappa-B. 5-HT2A receptor may contribute to acute liver injury by modulating 5-HT synthase and MAO-A expression. The synergistic action of SH and CDP treatment may inhibit CCl4-induced acute liver injury in a dose-dependent manner. Hence, CCl4-induced acute liver injury is due to an increase in mitochondrial ROS production caused by increased 5-HT degradation and probably involves increases in 5-HT2A receptor expression and 5-HT synthesis.

16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(5): 5679-5686, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the levels and clinical significance of serum homocysteine (Hcy), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin), and visceral fat-specific adipokine (visfatin) in elderly patients with different types of coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A total of 208 elderly patients with CHD admitted to our hospital were selected as the observation group, and 57 healthy volunteers who received physical examinations during the same period were selected as the healthy control group. The patients in the observation group were divided into a stable angina pectoris (SAP) group, an unstable angina pectoris (UAP) group, and an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) group according to their clinical diagnosis. The levels of serum Hcy, HDL-C, vaspin, visfatin, and coronary angiography Gensini scores were compared among the CHD subgroups and the healthy control group. Pearson linear correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between levels of serum Hcy, HDL-C, vaspin, and visfatin with Gensini scores in elderly patients with different types of CHD. RESULTS: The levels of serum Hcy and visfatin in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group (P<0.05), while the levels of serum HDL-C and vaspin were significantly lower than those in the healthy control group (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the levels of serum Hcy, vaspin, and visfatin among the CHD subgroups (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the Gensini scores and number of stenotic coronary arteries among the CHD subgroups (P<0.05). Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that the levels of serum Hcy, HDL-C, vaspin, and visfatin in the SAP group were not significantly correlated with Gensini scores (P>0.05). However, the levels of serum Hcy and visfatin in the UAP and AMI groups were positively correlated with Gensini scores (P<0.05), the level of serum vaspin was negatively correlated with Gensini scores (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The levels of serum Hcy, vaspin, and visfatin vary according to the different types of CHD and are correlated with the degree of coronary artery stenosis. As such, these serum levels can be used as sensitive indicators for early detection and disease evaluation.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase , Idoso , HDL-Colesterol , Angiografia Coronária , Homocisteína , Humanos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of college students remains limited. Our aim is to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and explore the potential risk and protective factors of anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was adopted and a total of 24,678 college students were included from Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China, during February, 2020. Anxiety was assessed by using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder tool (GAD-7). Multiple logistic regression models were established for exploring potential factors of anxiety. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of anxiety was 7.3%. After adjusting for potential confounders, sex, place of residence, worried level, fear level, cognitive levels, and behavior status were found to be associated with anxiety (p < 0.05). Students with positive preventive behaviors showed a protective effect against the anxiety symptoms compared to those with negative preventive behaviors. In contrast to the high-cognition category, participants at a low cognitive level were 14.9% more likely to present anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSION: This large-scale study assessed the prevalence of anxiety and its potential influencing factors among college students. It suggests that the government could strengthen health education related to COVID-19 and supervise the performance of preventive behaviors to handle anxiety.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 42(5): 103143, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with unilateral auditory neuropathy (UAN), and to provide guidance for future clinical diagnosis and research. METHODS: Patients who were clinically diagnosed with UAN from 2004 to 2019 were included. Clinical characteristics, audiological features, imaging findings, genetic test results and management effect were summarized and followed. RESULTS: A total of 44 patients [mean age, 4.35 ± 4.39 years; 22 (50.00%) males and 22 (50.00%) females] were enrolled for analyses. Among the 38 patients who were tested by pure-tone or behavioral audiometry, the degree of hearing loss of the affected ear was characterized as mild in 2 ears (5.26%), moderate in 5 (13.16%), severe in 9 (23.68%) and profound in 22 (57.89%). For the 44 contralateral ears, 33 (75.00%) showed normal hearing and 11 (25.00%) presented with sensorineural hearing loss. Auditory brainstem responses were absent or abnormal in all 44 affected ears, while otoacoustic emissions and/or cochlear microphonics were present. Among the 18 patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 7 (38.89%) presented cochlear nerve deficiency (CND). Nineteen candidate variants were found in 12 patients among the 15 UAN patients who were conducted targeted gene capture and next generation sequencing. Thirty patients were followed up by telephone to investigate their management effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates comprehensive audiological features of patients with UAN to improve the clinical understanding and diagnosis. Some patients with UAN could show ipsilateral CND and MRI is essential to evaluate if the nerve is deficient. No pathogenic variants that directly related to the pathogenesis of UAN have been found in this study currently.

19.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102376, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088005

RESUMO

AIFM1 is the most common gene related to late-onset Auditory Neuropathy (AN), which is characterized by a main manifestation of impaired speech comprehension. By using a nonintegrating plasmid delivery system, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from the peripheral blood cells of a male patient from the family carrying the X-linked AIFM1 p.R422Q mutation. The resulting iPSCs had a normal karyotype, showed pluripotency by immunofluorescence staining, and differentiated into the three germ layers in vitro. This cellular model will provide a useful platform for investigating the pathogenic mechanisms of AIFM1-related AN, further laying the foundation for clinical treatment in humans.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Fator de Indução de Apoptose , Diferenciação Celular , Perda Auditiva Central , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação
20.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 15: 646528, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927600

RESUMO

Objective: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common and severe complication of cardiovascular surgery. Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) has been reported to be an independent predictor of lots of diseases associated with inflammation, but the association between the LMR and POCD is not clear. The present study aimed to investigate the potential value of LMR level to predict POCD in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Methods: A prospective observational study was performed on the patients diagnosed with heart diseases undergoing cardiovascular surgeries with cardiopulmonary bypass. The leukocyte counts were measured by blood routine examination preoperatively. Then we calculated the LMR by dividing the lymphocyte count by the monocyte count. Neurocognitive functions were assessed 1 day before and 7 days after surgery. Perioperative factors were recorded to explore the relationship between LMR and POCD. Results: In total, 75 patients finished the whole study, while 34 patients developed POCD. The preoperative LMR level in the POCD group was higher than that in the non-POCD group. A cutoff value of 4.855 was identified to predict POCD occurrence according to ROC curve. The perioperative dynamic change of LMR level in the POCD group was higher than those in the non-POCD group. A cutoff value of 2.255 was identified to predict POCD occurrence according to ROC curve and the dynamic LMR change had similar varying trend with preoperative LMR level. Conclusions: The dynamic change of LMR level in the peripheral blood is associated with occurrence of POCD, and preoperative LMR level seems to be a prognostic biomarker of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients after cardiovascular surgery.

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