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Talanta ; 208: 120484, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816727

RESUMO

Gas embolism is the abnormal emergence of bubble in the vascular system, which can induce local ischemic symptoms. For studying the mechanism underlying gas embolism and revealing local ischemic diseases information, novel technique for analyzing cells response to bubble contact with high controllability is highly desired. In this paper, we present an integrated microfluidic device for the precise generation and control of microbubble based on the gas permeability of polydimethysiloxane (PDMS) to study the effect of bubble's mechanical contact on cells. Cell viability analysis demonstrated that short-term (<15 min) bubble contact was generally non-lethal to cultured endothelial cells. The significant increase in intracellular calcium of the microbubble-contacted cells and cell-to-cell propagation of calcium signal in the adjacent cells were observed during the process of bubble expansion. In addition, the analysis of intercellular calcium signal in the cells treated with suramin and octanol revealed that cell-released small nucleotides and gap junction played an important role in regulating the propagation of calcium wave triggered by bubble contact. Thus, our microfluidic method provides an effective platform for studying the effect of gas embolism on cultured adherent cells and can be further needed for anti-embolism drugs test.

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