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1.
Chempluschem ; 85(5): 958-962, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412179

RESUMO

Reaction of the electrochemically in situ from elemental white phosphorus generated phosphine oxide H3 PO in a single electrochemical cell, supplied with lead cathode and aluminium anode, with cyclic ketones (cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone) results in formation of secondary phosphine oxides (bis(α-hydroxycyclopentyl)phosphine oxide 2 a, isolated yield 15 %, and bis(α-hydroxycyclohexyl)phosphine oxide 2 b, isolated yield 12 %) with two α-hydroxycycloalkyl substituents at the phosphorus atom. Bis(α-hydroxycyclopentyl)phosphine oxide reacts with [PdCl2 (COD)] (COD=1,5-cyclooctadiene) to give a new palladium complex trans-[PdCl2 {P(OH)(cyclo-C5 H8 -1-OH)2 }2 ] (3 a, isolated yield 11 %) bearing phosphinous acid as a ligand formed via tautomerization of the phosphine oxide. Finally, the cytotoxicity of the synthesized secondary phosphine oxides on tumor and healthy human cell lines was studied. It was found that at a concentration of 10-6 -10-4  M, phosphine oxides 2 a,b exhibit similar IC50 values for the M-Hela cell line (ca. 50 mM), but are non-toxic for MCF-7 cells. For human alveolar adenocarcinoma cells (A-549), only 2 a is active (ca. 35 mM), while 2 b is not toxic.

2.
J Phys Chem B ; 124(13): 2715-2722, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207304

RESUMO

An approach to incorporate a bioactive hydrophobic substance, C22H32N4O7 tetrapeptide (TP), into the structure of the hexagonal mesophases C12EO10/H2O and C12EO10/La(III)/H2O was proposed. Concentration and temperature ranges of mesophases in the C12EO10/H2O/TP and C12EO10/La(III)/H2O/TP systems were established. The analysis of the X-ray diffraction data revealed a change in the structural characteristics of mesophases in the presence of tetrapeptide. Formation of a denser packing of molecules in the mesophases with TP was detected. Based on the FTIR spectroscopy data, intermolecular changes in the systems were examined. Pulsed-gradient spin-echo NMR self-diffusion experiments were performed to characterize the structure of lyomesophases depending on system composition and temperature. The degree of hydration of water molecules in lyomesophases was analyzed. The data confirmed successful incorporation of tetrapeptide into the structure of lyomesophase and, therefore, the possibility of using hexagonal mesophases for both incapsulation and delivery of biomolecules.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073068

RESUMO

New 3D Ni and Co redox-active metal-organic frameworks based on ferrocenyl diphosphinate and 4,4'-bipyridine ligands have been synthesized, characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic techniques and explored as stable electrocatalysts capable of meeting two important parameters: the overpotential and Tafel slope (TS) in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The electrochemical studies suggest that the reaction kinetics of a Ni-MOF (1) catalyst is more favorable than that of a Co-MOF (2) catalyst. Particularly, Ni-MOF exhibits better HER performance with an overpotential of 350 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2, a small TS of 60 mV dec-1 and superior long-term durability (of up to 10 000 cycles), ranking it among the most active non-noble metal-based molecular electrocatalysts. The introduction of a 4,4'-bpy linker in 2 significantly changes the catalytic properties in an organic or aqueous environment compared to 1D cobalt polymers based on ferrocenyl diphosphinate. For Co-MOF 2, there is a significant decrease in the overvoltage by ∼440 mV in comparison with the 1D Co polymer in an organic medium and by 50 mV in an aqueous medium. The TS changes from 120 to 65 mV dec-1 when moving from 1D CofcdHp to a 3D structure of 2. Thus, a 4,4'-bpy linker reduces the overvoltage and gives more favorable HER kinetics (lower TS). These results provide important guidelines for the rational design of non-precious metal electrocatalysts.

4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 185: 111787, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675511

RESUMO

New uncharged conjugates of 6-methyluracil derivatives with imidazole-2-aldoxime and 1,2,4-triazole-3-hydroxamic acid units were synthesized and studied as reactivators of organophosphate-inhibited cholinesterase. Using paraoxon (POX) as a model organophosphate, it was shown that 6-methyluracil derivatives linked with hydroxamic acid are able to reactivate POX-inhibited human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in vitro. The reactivating efficacy of one compound (5b) is lower than that of pyridinium-2-aldoxime (2-PAM). Meanwhile, unlike 2-PAM, in vivo study showed that the lead compound 5b is able: (1) to reactivate POX-inhibited AChE in the brain; (2) to decrease death of neurons and, (3) to prevent memory impairment in rat model of POX-induced neurodegeneration.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Paraoxon/antagonistas & inibidores , Uracila/análogos & derivados , Animais , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/química , Ligantes , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Paraoxon/farmacologia , Paraoxon/toxicidade , Teoria Quântica , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Uracila/síntese química , Uracila/química , Uracila/farmacologia
6.
Dalton Trans ; 48(45): 16986-16992, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690918

RESUMO

A new redox active coordination polymer [Co(H2O)2(Fc(PHOO)2)·2H2O]n (Fc = ferrocene) was synthesized by the diffusion method and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Phosphinate fragments formed infinite chains connected through ferrocene fragments to 2D PCP associated with cobalt atoms. Additional strong hydrogen bonding via the participation of coordinated and lattice water molecules resulted in the formation of a 3D network. The polymer exhibited water-induced crystal-to-amorphous transformation with chromotropism, as confirmed by spectroscopic techniques, elemental analysis, TGA and XRPD. The explosion of the amorphous phase [Co(Fc(PHOO)2)]n to form water vapor readily led to its conversion into the initial crystalline [Co(H2O)2(Fc(PHOO)2)·2H2O]n with a reverse change of color. The dehydrated form of the polymer selectively sorbed water and could be used as a material with the function of an express dehydrator. Moreover, a modified electrode could qualitatively determine the water content in the solvent at a concentration of 0.05%. Both hydrated and dehydrated forms were evaluated as electrode materials for supercapacitors. The [Co(Fc(PHOO)2)]n (dehydrated form) electrode exhibited high specific capacitance and excellent cycling stability. Its maximum specific capacitance was 2517 F g-1 at a current density of 2 A g-1, and the specific capacitance retention was about 90.1% after 1000 cycles.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 58(23): 15889-15897, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746193

RESUMO

New octahedral rhenium cluster complexes [{Re6Q8}(SO3)6]10- (Q = S or Se) were synthesized starting from [{Re6Q8}(H2O)4(OH)2]·12H2O. The complexes were crystallized as sodium salts and characterized by X-ray single-crystal diffraction and elemental analyses, IR, UV/vis and luminescence spectroscopies. Magnetic relaxation data demonstrate the complex formation of the cluster units with gadolinium ions. The analysis of the magnetic relaxation rates measured at various Gd:cluster ratios and different concentrations revealed the conversion of the aggregates (Gdx[{Re6Se8}(SO3)6]y)n- into a nanoparticulate form even at x = 1 and y ≥ 1. Thus, the self-assembly of the cluster units into the nanoparticles is greatly facilitated by counterion binding with sodium cations. The concentration conditions were optimized for the formation and hydrophilization of NaxGdy[{Re6Q8}(SO3)6]-based colloids with the magnetic relaxivity values of r1(2) = 21.0(24.1) and r1(2) = 25.9(29.8) mM-1 s-1 for the {Re6S8}2+ and {Re6Se8}2+ derivatives, respectively.

8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 105: 110057, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546380

RESUMO

The present work introduces ternary Ln(III) (Ln = Eu, Yb, Lu) complexes with thenoyltriflouro1,3-diketonate (TTA-) and phosphine oxide derivative (PhO) as building blocks for core-shell nanoparticles with both Eu(III)- or Yb(III)-centered luminescence and the dual Eu(III)-Yb(III)-centered luminescence. Solvent-mediated self-assembly of the complexes is presented herein as the procedure for formation of EuLu, EuYb and YbLu heterometallic or homometallic cores coated by hydrophilic polystyrenesulfonate-based shells. Steady state and time resolved Eu-centered luminescence in homolanthanide and heterolanthanide EuLu and EuYb cores is affected by Eu → Eu and Eu → Yb energy transfer due to a close proximity of the lanthanide blocks within the core of nanoparticles. The Eu → Yb energy transfer is highlighted to be the reason for the enhancement of the NIR Yb-centered luminescence. Efficient cellular uptake, low cytotoxicity towards normal and cancer cells, and sensing ability of EuYb nanoparticles on lomefloxacin additives via both red and NIR channels make them promising as cellular imaging agents and sensors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Citotoxinas , Európio , Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias , Itérbio , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Európio/química , Európio/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Itérbio/farmacologia
9.
Dalton Trans ; 48(11): 3601-3609, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698578

RESUMO

New redox active 1D helical coordination polymers M(fcdHp) (M(ii) = Zn(1), Co(2)) have been obtained by utilizing the 1,1'-ferrocenylenbis(H-phosphinic) acid (H2fcdHp) ligand and Zn or Co nitrate salts. Complexes 1 and 2 are isomorphic, crystallizing in the chiral space groups P4122 and P4322, respectively. Their redox, electrocatalytic and other properties are described. These compounds incorporated into carbon paste electrodes and exhibited reversible redox reactions, arising from the ferrocenyl moiety. These coordination polymers are efficient as electrocatalysts for the reduction of protons to hydrogen. Using N,N-dimethylformamidium ([DMF(H)+]) as the acid in the acetonitrile solution, Co CP (2) displays a turnover frequency of 300 s-1, which is among the fastest rates reported for any CP electrocatalyst in CH3CN. This high rate of catalytic reaction comes at the cost of the 820-840 mV overpotential at the potential of catalysis. As the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysts, the CPs exhibited in 0.5 M H2SO4 the overpotential η10 of 340 or 450 mV, onset overpotential of 220 or 300 mV (vs. RHE), Tafel slope of 110 or 120 mV dec-1, correspondingly for 1 and 2, and considerable long-term stability for the HER.

10.
J Org Chem ; 83(24): 14942-14953, 2018 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30431276

RESUMO

A facile approach to a range of substituted 7-(benzimidazol-2-yl)thioxolumazines [7-(benzimidazol-2-yl)-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydropteridin-4(1 H)-ones] and 7-(benzimidazol-2-yl)lumazines [7-(benzimidazol-2-yl)pteridine-2,4(1 H,3 H)-diones] is described. These new biheterocyclic systems are obtained via H2SO4-catalyzed rearrangement of quinoxalin-2-ones in the presence of 5,6-diamino-2-mercapto- and 2,5,6-triaminopyrimidin-4-ols. Thus, benzimidazole and pteridine rings are constructed in one synthetic step. A plausible ANRORC ( addition of nucleophile, ring opening and ring closure)-type reaction mechanism is proposed. Applying the rearrangement to the aza-analogue of 3-benzoylquinoxalin-2(1 H)-one-i.e., 3-benzoylpyrido[2,3- b]pyrazin-2(1 H)-one-with 5,6-diamino-2-mercaptopyrimidin-4-ol makes it possible to synthesize inaccessible 7-(1 H-imidazo[4,5- b]pyridin-2-yl)-6-phenyl-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydropteridin-4(1 H)-one. 7-(Benzimidazol-2-yl)-6-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydropteridin-4(1 H)-ones undergoes intramolecular nucleophilic substitution of fluorine by a nitrogen of the benzimidazole fragment with the formation of benzo[4',5']imidazo[1',2':1,2]quinolino[4,3- g]pteridine-2,4(1 H,3 H)-diones as new heterocyclic systems.

11.
J Org Chem ; 83(21): 13132-13145, 2018 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30272451

RESUMO

The new efficient synthesis of biologically important 3-hydroxy-4-arylquinolin-2-ones through the Darzens condensation (epoxidation) of dichloroacetanilides with aromatic aldehydes followed by one-pot dechlorative epoxide-arene cyclization is described. This methodology has been utilized for the synthesis of naturally occurring viridicatol, a fungal metabolite isolated from the penicillium species.

12.
Soft Matter ; 14(38): 7916-7925, 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30246848

RESUMO

The present work introduces Gd3+ complexes with giant keplerate polyanions as a promising basis for MRI contrast agents. The impact of Gd3+ binding with different building blocks of keplerates on the magnetic relaxivity of the complexes is revealed by comparative study of the keplerates [{Mo6O21}12{Mo2O4(OAc)}30]42-, [{Mo6O21}12{Mo2O4(HPO4)}30]72-, and [{Mo6O21}12{Mo2O2S2(OAc)}30]42-. Unprecedentedly high longitudinal and transverse relaxivity values (up to 250 and 300 mM-1 s-1 correspondingly) are achieved for the keplerates possessing edl{Mo2O4(OAc)} and {Mo2O4(HPO42-)} moieties under their 1 : 1 complex formation with Gd3+. The transformation of the external pores from Mo9O9 to Mo9O6S3 in the {Mo2O2S2(OAc)}-keplerate and an increase in the Gd3+-to-keplerate ratio are the factors that decrease the relaxivity. The rapid degradation of the free keplerates in aqueous solutions restricts the use of the Gd3+-bound keplerates with 1 : 1 stoichiometry as MRI contrast agents. In this work, the optimized stoichiometry of the complexes, their self-assembly into ultra-small nanoparticles and their hydrophilic coating by a triblock copolymer are highlighted as tools for increasing both the colloid and chemical stability of the keplerate complexes. Optimal keplerate compositions have been identified to achieve a compromise of low cytotoxicity and high stability; these Gd3+-bound keplerates exhibit longitudinal and transverse relaxivity values (95 and 114 mM-1 s-1, respectively), well within the region of interest for MRI techniques.

13.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 9: 2057-2070, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30116696

RESUMO

In order to obtain a non-toxic amphiphilic calixresorcinarene capable to form nanoconjugates for drug encapsulation, tetraundecylcalixresorcinarene functionalized by methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) chains has been synthesized. The macrocycle obtained is characterized by low hemotoxicity. In aqueous solution it forms nanoassociates that are able to encapsulate organic substrates of different hydrophobicity, including drugs (doxorubicin, naproxen, ibuprofen, quercetin). The micelles of the macrocycle slowed down the release of the hydrophilic substrates in vitro. In physiological sodium chloride solution and phosphate-buffered saline, the micelles of the macrocycle acquire thermoresponsive properties and exhibit a temperature-controlled release of doxorubicin in vitro. The combination of the low toxicity and the encapsulation properties of the obtained calixresorcinarene-mPEG conjugate shows promising potential for the use as a supramolecular drug-delivery system.

14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 185(8): 386, 2018 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043251

RESUMO

The authors describe new ligands with two 1,3-diketone groups and two heteroaromatic (pyridyl or quinolyl) moieties embedded to the upper and lower rims of dibromo-substituted calix[4]arene scaffold. The ligands bind Tb(III) ions in alkaline DMF solutions to form 1:1 complexes. The strong Tb(III)-centered luminescence (with excitation/emission peaks at 330/545 nm) of the complexes results from efficient ligand-to-metal energy transfer. The complexes were incorporated into polystyrenesulfonate (PSS) colloids by diluting a DMF solution of the complex with aqueous solution of PSS. The luminescence of the colloids is quenched by copper(II), and this was used to develop a method for its fluorometric determination in nanomolar concentrations. The lower limit of detection is 0.88 nM. Quenching is a result of (a) ion exchange which converts the terbium complexes into their copper counterparts, and (b) energy transfer from Tb(III) to Cu(II) complexes. The low cytotoxicity of the colloidal nanoprobe conceivably makes it a promising tool for use in cellular imaging. Graphical abstract New calix[4]arene derivative provide efficient binding sites for Tb(III) and Cu(II) ions. The Tb(III) complexes were embedded to core-shell nanoparticles by solvent-mediated aggregation followed by polystryrenesulfonate deposition. The nanoparticles exhibit luminescence response on copper ions in nanomolar concentration range.

15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(18): 12688-12699, 2018 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29697123

RESUMO

A new surfactant-copper(ii) complex [Cu(L)Br3] (where LBr is 1-cetyl-4-aza-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bromide) containing a transition metal in the head group has been synthesized and characterized. Physicochemical properties, thermal stability and 3D structure were determined using X-ray diffractometry, UV-vis spectroscopy, simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry combined with mass-spectrometry of evolved vapors. The study of the self-assembly and morphological features of associated structures was performed by potentiometry using a bromide ion selective electrode and fluorescence of pyrene and 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene. The influence of the metal ion embedded into the surfactant structure on critical micelle concentration, degree of counterion binding, aggregation numbers and morphology of the associates was elucidated. High solubilizing capacity and complexation ability of the metal containing micelles with respect to Orange-OT hydrophobic dye and oligonucleotide were determined. Importantly, the functional properties of this metallosurfactant complex are much better compared to those of classical cationic surfactants bearing cyclic and acyclic head groups, LBr and the LBr-CuBr2 mixture. The new cationic metallosurfactant could be recommended for investigation in gene therapy.

16.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 162: 52-59, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29149728

RESUMO

The present work introduces an impact of polyelectrolyte-based hydrophilic shell on magnetic relaxivity and luminescence of hard cores built from isostructural complexes of Tb(III) and Gd(III) in the core-shell aqueous colloids. Microscopic and scattering techniques reveal "plum pudding" morphology of the colloids, where polyelectrolyte-coated ultrasmall (<5nm) hard cores form aggregates in aqueous solutions. Interaction of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with the colloids provides a tool to modify the polyelectrolyte-based shell, which is the reason for the improvement in both aggregation behavior of the colloids and their relaxivity. The modification of the hydrophilic polyelectrolyte-based shell enables to tune the longitudinal relaxivity from 5.9 to 23.3mM-1s-1 at 0.47T. This tendency is the reason for significant improvement of contrasting effect of the colloids in T1- and T2-weighted images obtained by whole body scanner at 1.5T. High contrasting effect of the colloids, together with low cytotoxicity towards Wi-38 diploid human cells makes them promising MRI contrast agents.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Gadolínio/química , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Polieletrólitos/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Térbio/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Coloides , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Luminescência , Soluções
17.
Sci Rep ; 7: 40486, 2017 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28091590

RESUMO

Polyelectrolyte-coated nanoparticles consisting of terbium and gadolinium complexes with calix[4]arene tetra-diketone ligand were first synthesized. The antenna effect of the ligand on Tb(III) green luminescence and the presence of water molecules in the coordination sphere of Gd(III) bring strong luminescent and magnetic performance to the core-shell nanoparticles. The size and the core-shell morphology of the colloids were studied using transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The correlation between photophysical and magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and their core composition was highlighted. The core composition was optimized for the longitudinal relaxivity to be greater than that of the commercial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents together with high level of Tb(III)-centered luminescence. The tuning of both magnetic and luminescent output of nanoparticles is obtained via the simple variation of lanthanide chelates concentrations in the initial synthetic solution. The exposure of the pheochromocytoma 12 (PC 12) tumor cells and periphery human blood lymphocytes to nanoparticles results in negligible effect on cell viability, decreased platelet aggregation and bright coloring, indicating the nanoparticles as promising candidates for dual magneto-fluorescent bioimaging.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28955154

RESUMO

A new reaction of elemental phosphorus (P4) with elemental sulfur and 1,3-propylene glycol in the presence of different amines has been investigated. Ammonium salts of O,O'- alkylenedithiophosphoric acids have been observed as main products of the reaction. Octathiotetraphosphetane ammonium salts were formed as minor products. The reaction is characterized by a complete conversion of white phosphorus and is not accompanied by the release of hydrogen sulfide. The crystal structure features's of diethylammonium salt of O,O'-propylenedithiophosphoric acid were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Piperidinium salt of octathiotetraphosphetane in DMSO and DMF solutions possess significant antifungal activity against Candida albicans.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 44(45): 19674-81, 2015 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26459803

RESUMO

A new iron-catalyzed reaction for the coupling of perfluoroalkyl iodides (RFI) with aromatic substrates is described. The perfluoroalkylated arene products are obtained in good to excellent yields in the presence of a [(bpy)Fe(ii)] catalyst (10%) electrochemically regenerated or generated from [(bpy)Fe(iii)] at room temperature. The development, scope, and preliminary mechanistic studies of these transformations are reported.

20.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 117: 497-504, 2014 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24598470

RESUMO

Supramolecular biomimetic catalysts of high substrate specificity are developed based on amphiphilic oxyethylated calix[4]arene bearing iso-nonyl fragments at the upper rim and hexadeca(ethylene glycol) fragments at lower rim (9CO16), and amines of amphiphilic or polymeric nature. Two critical concentrations determined by tensiometry and dye solubilization methods are probably reflect the onset of association process and transition from bimodal to monomodal size distribution revealed by the dynamic light scattering method. Amine components used may form aggregates as well, which is mediated by hydrophobic effect due to occurrence of long-chain alkyl tails. The micellar rate effect of the designed systems toward the cleavage of carboxylic acid ester is shown to be contributed by the formation of mixed aggregates with the reactive functional groups, as well as by the pKa shift of the amine and the character of the distribution of reagents in functional micelles. In the case of long-chain primary amines, an inversion of micellar rate effect (catalysis to inhibition) occurs upon transferring from the less hydrophobic substrate, p-nitrophenyl acetate, to the more hydrophobic analogs, p-nitrophenyl laurate and p-nitrophenyl caprinate. The opposite effect (inhibition of the reaction of p-nitrophenyl acetate and the acceleration of the process of hydrophobic analogs) was observed in systems based on polyethyleneimine.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/síntese química , Calixarenos/química , Polímeros/química , Tensoativos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Catálise , Ésteres/química , Cinética , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Soluções , Especificidade por Substrato , Difração de Raios X
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