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1.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 38: e2018084, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939505

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the scientific literature on Baby-Led Weaning with an integrative literature review to identify risks and benefits. DATA SOURCE: The databases used were: National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS - Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde), US National Library of Medicine (PubMed), and Virtual Health Library (BVS - Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde) in December 2017. The inclusion criteria established were publications in English with the descriptor "baby-led weaning" in the heading, abstract, or keywords, classified as original articles, of primary nature, and available online and in full. We excluded review articles, editorials, letters to the editor, critical commentaries, and books on the subject, as well as articles not available in full and duplicates. DATA SUMMARY: We identified 106 articles, of which 17 met the selection criteria. The Baby-Led Weaning method was significantly associated with the baby's satiety, the start of complementary feeding, and adequacy of weight gain. On the other hand, choking and the intake of micronutrients were negatively associated, however with no statistical differences. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the benefits found, the risks still deserve attention and should be investigated with longitudinal randomized controlled studies to ensure the safety of the method when practiced exclusively.

2.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of caries related to social capital and associated factors in adults in large-scale population-based study. A Cross-sectional study was performed in 163 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (SBSP-2015). 17,560 people were evaluated, of which 6051 were adults aged 35-44 years. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was proposed. Outcome variables (decayed teeth, missing teeth and DMFT) and independent variables were included in the model, considering the distal (income and schooling); intermediate (social capital) and proximal levels (sex and ethnicity). Results showed that income up to 1,500 reais - US$ 367.6 in 11/11/2019 - (OR = 1.91;1.75-2.08), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.32;1.12-1.56) and non-white ethnicity (OR = 1.54;1.35-1.76) were more likely to have decayed teeth. Income up to 1500 reais (OR = 1.29;1.15-1.44), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 2.13;1.90-2.38), low social capital (OR = 1.84;1.65-2.04), medium social capital (OR = 1.15;1.01-1.30) and females were more likely to have lost teeth (OR = 1.13;1.03-1.23). Schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.51;1.35-1.69), low social capital (OR = 1.25; 1.14-1.37) and female (OR = 1.40,1.19-1.53) were associated with DMFT. It was concluded that sociodemographic factors and low social capital were associated with the experience of caries, which should be taken into account in the formulation of public policies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e014, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892410

RESUMO

Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 133, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The state of São Paulo recorded a significant reduction in infant mortality from 1990 to 2013, but the desired reduction in maternal mortality was not achieved. Knowledge of the factors with impact on these indicators would be of help in formulating public policies. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations between socioeconomic and demographic factors, health care model and both infant mortality (considering the neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: In this ecological study, data from national official open sources were used to conduct a population-based study. The units analyzed were 645 municipalities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For each municipality, the infant mortality (in both neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality rates were calculated for every 1000 live births, referring to 2013. Subsequently, the association between these rates, socioeconomic variables, demographic models and the primary care organization model in the municipality were verified. For statistical analysis, we used the zero-inflated negative binomial model. Gross analysis was performed and then multiple regression models were estimated. For associations, we adopted "p" at 5%. RESULTS: The increase in the HDI of the city and proportion of Family Health Care Strategy implemented were significantly associated with the reduction in both infant mortality (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates. In turn, the increase in birth and caesarean delivery rates were associated with the increase in infant and maternal mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the Family Health Care Strategy was a Primary Care organization model that contributed to the reduction in infant (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates, and so did actors such as HDI and cesarean section. Thus, public health managers should prefer this model when planning the organization of Primary Care services for the population.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cesárea/mortalidade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(1): 307-314, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698263

RESUMO

We evaluated the association between quality of life, family cohesion and sociodemographic factors of beneficiary families of the BolsaFamília Program (PBF). This was an analytical, cross-sectional study with exploratory methodology. The sample was composed of 385 respondents. The dependent variable was the quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), and the independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, family cohesion and adaptability (FACES III). The best quality of life was associated with an age younger than or equal to 36 years (OR = 2.15), higher educational level (OR = 1.54), good/very good health (OR = 6.39), not having current health problem (OR = 5.68), no treatment (OR = 1.76), moderate (OR = 3.39) and high (OR = 3.66) family cohesion and moderate adaptability (OR = 2.23). Individuals from families with moderate and high family cohesion were more likely to have a better quality of life than those from families with low cohesion. The male volunteers were 3.54 times more likely to have a better quality of life. It was concluded that moderate and high levels of cohesion may impact positively to the quality of life of persons receiving the PBF, indicating that social programs should seek to strengthen these dynamics.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Nível de Saúde , Pobreza , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Política Pública , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(1): 307-314, ene. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974796

RESUMO

Resumo Avaliou-se a associação entre qualidade de vida, coesão familiar e fatores sociodemográficos de famílias beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família (PBF). Estudo transversal, analítico e de caráter exploratório com amostra representativa de 385 entrevistados. A variável dependente foi a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL-BREF), e as variáveis independentes quantificadas em características sociodemográficas, autopercepção sobre saúde, coesão e adaptabilidade familiar (FACES III). A melhor qualidade de vida associou-se com idade menor ou igual a 36 anos (OR = 2,15), maior nível educacional (OR = 1,54), boa/muito boa saúde (OR = 6,39), não ter problema de saúde atual (OR = 5,68), sem tratamento (OR = 1,76), moderada (OR = 3,39) e alta (OR = 3,66) coesão familiar e moderada adaptabilidade (OR = 2,23). Indivíduos provenientes de famílias com moderada e alta coesão familiar tiveram mais chance de ter uma melhor qualidade de vida do que aqueles vindos de famílias com baixa coesão. Os voluntários do sexo masculino tiveram 3,54 vezes mais chance de apresentar uma melhor qualidade de vida. Concluiu-se que níveis moderados e altos de coesão podem impactar positivamente uma melhor qualidade de vida das pessoas beneficiárias do PBF, indicando que as ações sociais devem buscar o fortalecimento dessa dinâmica.


Abstract We evaluated the association between quality of life, family cohesion and sociodemographic factors of beneficiary families of the BolsaFamília Program (PBF). This was an analytical, cross-sectional study with exploratory methodology. The sample was composed of 385 respondents. The dependent variable was the quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), and the independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, family cohesion and adaptability (FACES III). The best quality of life was associated with an age younger than or equal to 36 years (OR = 2.15), higher educational level (OR = 1.54), good/very good health (OR = 6.39), not having current health problem (OR = 5.68), no treatment (OR = 1.76), moderate (OR = 3.39) and high (OR = 3.66) family cohesion and moderate adaptability (OR = 2.23). Individuals from families with moderate and high family cohesion were more likely to have a better quality of life than those from families with low cohesion. The male volunteers were 3.54 times more likely to have a better quality of life. It was concluded that moderate and high levels of cohesion may impact positively to the quality of life of persons receiving the PBF, indicating that social programs should seek to strengthen these dynamics.

7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e014, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-989469

RESUMO

Abstract Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.

8.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0203777, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30212507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the oral impact on daily performance and its association with sociodemographic characteristics, tooth pain, need for prosthesis, and periodontal disease of adults in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with secondary data obtained from the Oral Health Conditions Project- 2015 conducted in 163 municipalities in the state of São Paulo with the participation of 17,560 individuals. This study evaluated adults in the age-range between 35-44 years (n = 5,855), selected by means of probabilistic cluster sampling in two stages. The outcome variable was the OIDP (Oral Impacts on Daily Performances), obtained by using this instrument to assess daily activities (eating, speaking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study/work, social contact, and sleep). The independent variables were collected and grouped into three blocks: Block 1 (sex, age group, and ethnic group); Block 2 (household income and education); and Block 3 (tooth pain, need for prosthesis, bleeding, calculus, and periodontal pockets). A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex cluster sampling plan. Each observation was assigned a specific weight, depending on the location, which resulted in weighted frequencies adjusted for the effect of outlining. RESULTS: the female sex (p<0.0001), ethnic group black/mulatto (p<0.0001), low household income (p = 0.0112), up to 8 years of education (p<0.0001), tooth pain (p<0.0001), presence of bleeding (p<0.0001), and presence of periodontal pockets (p<0.0001) had greater oral impact on daily performance. CONCLUSION: sociodemographic characteristics, tooth pain, and presence of periodontal disease were associated with oral impact on daily performance of the adult population in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Periodontais/patologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Renda , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Saúde Bucal/etnologia , Dor/diagnóstico , Dor/etiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/etnologia , Bolsa Periodontal/complicações , Bolsa Periodontal/diagnóstico , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Próteses e Implantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 26(2): 117-124, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952509

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução Os índices de aleitamento materno no Brasil permanecem muito abaixo dos considerados ideais, fazendo-se necessário o entendimento das variáveis envolvidas na fragmentação do aleitamento ao longo dos meses de vida da criança. Objetivo Objetivou-se, neste estudo, verificar a associação entre o tipo de aleitamento no momento da alta hospitalar do recém-nascido e a prática da amamentação aos seis meses de vida. Método Estudo transversal, com dados coletados do prontuário clínico de 301 crianças participantes de um programa de incentivo ao aleitamento materno. Foram considerados os fatores de risco e de proteção ao aleitamento, tais como: idade dos pais, presença do companheiro, paridade, renda familiar, permanência em alojamento conjunto, tempo decorrido do nascimento até a primeira mamada, tempo de hospitalização, tipo de amamentação na alta hospitalar e uso de chupeta ao longo dos seis meses de vida. Resultados Os resultados mostraram haver associação significativa entre aleitamento materno exclusivo na alta hospitalar e aos seis meses de idade (p=0,0205). Conclusão A observação desses dados permite concluir que é importante que, ao deixar a maternidade, o bebê esteja em amamentação exclusiva, pois, dessa forma, terá 2,5 vezes mais chances de manter esse tipo de aleitamento até os seis meses de vida.


Abstract Introduction Breastfeeding rates in Brazil remain far below those considered ideal, making it necessary understanding the variables involved in the fragmentation of this process over the months of a child's life. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the association between type of breastfeeding of newborns at hospital discharge and at six months of age. Method A cross-sectional study with data collected from the medical records of 301 children participating in a program to encourage exclusive breastfeeding. The study considered risk and protection factors to breastfeeding such as age of parents, presence of mate, parity, family income, stay in room, time elapsed from birth to first breastfeeding, hospitalization time, type of breastfeeding at hospital discharge, and use of pacifier until the age of six months. Results The results revealed significant correlation between exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge and at six months of age (p=0.0205). Conclusion Observation of data enabled the following conclusion: it is important that newborns undergo exclusive breastfeeding after hospital discharge because, this way, they will be 2.5 times more likely to maintain this type of feeding until the age of six months.

10.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 44, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analyze if clinical, sociodemographic and access to dental services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with secondary data from the State Oral Health Survey (SB São Paulo 2015) conducted in 163 cities of São Paulo. A total of 17,560 individuals from three age groups: 15-19-year-old (n = 5,558), 35-44-year-old (n = 6,051), and older people of 65 years or more (n = 5,951) participated in the survey. The selection was made by probabilistic sample by conglomerates in two stages. The endpoint variable was the impact of oral health on daily activities, evaluated by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, containing questions about eating, talking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study or work, social contact, and sleep. Oral Impacts on Daily Performances was dichotomized with and without impact. The independent variables were sociodemographic, clinical and access variables, divided into three blocks. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex sampling plan of clusters. Each observation received a specific weight, depending on the location that resulted in weighted frequencies and adjusted for the design effect. RESULTS: The presence of oral health impact was observed in 27.9% of the individuals. In block 1, female gender and black/brown ethnic group had a greater chance of impact of oral health on quality of life, as well as the adults and the older adults in relation to adolescents. In block 2, family income up to R$1,500 was associated with the presence of impact. In block 3, individuals who reported toothache, used the public service and sought dental treatment had a greater chance of impact. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic, clinical and access to health services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/etnologia , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 44, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-903456

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Analyze if clinical, sociodemographic and access to dental services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with secondary data from the State Oral Health Survey (SB São Paulo 2015) conducted in 163 cities of São Paulo. A total of 17,560 individuals from three age groups: 15-19-year-old (n = 5,558), 35-44-year-old (n = 6,051), and older people of 65 years or more (n = 5,951) participated in the survey. The selection was made by probabilistic sample by conglomerates in two stages. The endpoint variable was the impact of oral health on daily activities, evaluated by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, containing questions about eating, talking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study or work, social contact, and sleep. Oral Impacts on Daily Performances was dichotomized with and without impact. The independent variables were sociodemographic, clinical and access variables, divided into three blocks. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex sampling plan of clusters. Each observation received a specific weight, depending on the location that resulted in weighted frequencies and adjusted for the design effect. RESULTS: The presence of oral health impact was observed in 27.9% of the individuals. In block 1, female gender and black/brown ethnic group had a greater chance of impact of oral health on quality of life, as well as the adults and the older adults in relation to adolescents. In block 2, family income up to R$1,500 was associated with the presence of impact. In block 3, individuals who reported toothache, used the public service and sought dental treatment had a greater chance of impact. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic, clinical and access to health services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar se variáveis clínicas, sociodemográficas e de acesso aos serviços odontológicos influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados secundários da Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal (SB São Paulo 2015) realizada em 163 municípios de São Paulo. Participaram do inquérito 17.560 indivíduos de três grupos etários: adolescentes de 15-19 anos (n = 5.558), adultos de 35-44 anos (n = 6.051) e idosos de 65 anos ou mais (n = 5.951). A seleção foi feita por amostra probabilística por conglomerados em dois estágios. A variável desfecho foi o impacto da saúde bucal sobre as atividades diárias, avaliado pelo questionário Oral Impacts on Daily Performances, contendo questões sobre comer, falar, higiene bucal, relaxamento, prática esportiva, sorriso, estudo ou trabalho, contato social e sono. O Oral Impacts on Daily Performances foi dicotomizado em com e sem impacto. As variáveis independentes foram as sociodemográficas, clínicas e de acesso, divididas em três blocos. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada considerando o plano amostral complexo de conglomerados. Cada observação recebeu um peso específico, dependendo da localização que resultou em frequências ponderadas e ajustadas para o efeito do delineamento. RESULTADOS: A presença de impacto da saúde bucal foi constatada em 27,9% dos indivíduos. No bloco 1, o sexo feminino e o grupo étnico preto/pardo tiveram maior chance de impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida, bem como os adultos e idosos em relação aos adolescentes. No bloco 2, a renda familiar até R$1.500 teve associação com a presença de impacto. No bloco 3, os indivíduos que relataram dor de dente, frequentaram o serviço público e procuraram tratamento odontológico tiveram maior chance de impacto. CONCLUSÕES: As variáveis sociodemográficas, clínica e de acesso ao serviço de saúde influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos.

12.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 44, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-903517

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Analyze if clinical, sociodemographic and access to dental services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with secondary data from the State Oral Health Survey (SB São Paulo 2015) conducted in 163 cities of São Paulo. A total of 17,560 individuals from three age groups: 15-19-year-old (n = 5,558), 35-44-year-old (n = 6,051), and older people of 65 years or more (n = 5,951) participated in the survey. The selection was made by probabilistic sample by conglomerates in two stages. The endpoint variable was the impact of oral health on daily activities, evaluated by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, containing questions about eating, talking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study or work, social contact, and sleep. Oral Impacts on Daily Performances was dichotomized with and without impact. The independent variables were sociodemographic, clinical and access variables, divided into three blocks. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex sampling plan of clusters. Each observation received a specific weight, depending on the location that resulted in weighted frequencies and adjusted for the design effect. RESULTS: The presence of oral health impact was observed in 27.9% of the individuals. In block 1, female gender and black/brown ethnic group had a greater chance of impact of oral health on quality of life, as well as the adults and the older adults in relation to adolescents. In block 2, family income up to R$1,500 was associated with the presence of impact. In block 3, individuals who reported toothache, used the public service and sought dental treatment had a greater chance of impact. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic, clinical and access to health services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar se variáveis clínicas, sociodemográficas e de acesso aos serviços odontológicos influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados secundários da Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal (SB São Paulo 2015) realizada em 163 municípios de São Paulo. Participaram do inquérito 17.560 indivíduos de três grupos etários: adolescentes de 15-19 anos (n = 5.558), adultos de 35-44 anos (n = 6.051) e idosos de 65 anos ou mais (n = 5.951). A seleção foi feita por amostra probabilística por conglomerados em dois estágios. A variável desfecho foi o impacto da saúde bucal sobre as atividades diárias, avaliado pelo questionário Oral Impacts on Daily Performances, contendo questões sobre comer, falar, higiene bucal, relaxamento, prática esportiva, sorriso, estudo ou trabalho, contato social e sono. O Oral Impacts on Daily Performances foi dicotomizado em com e sem impacto. As variáveis independentes foram as sociodemográficas, clínicas e de acesso, divididas em três blocos. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada considerando o plano amostral complexo de conglomerados. Cada observação recebeu um peso específico, dependendo da localização que resultou em frequências ponderadas e ajustadas para o efeito do delineamento. RESULTADOS: A presença de impacto da saúde bucal foi constatada em 27,9% dos indivíduos. No bloco 1, o sexo feminino e o grupo étnico preto/pardo tiveram maior chance de impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida, bem como os adultos e idosos em relação aos adolescentes. No bloco 2, a renda familiar até R$1.500 teve associação com a presença de impacto. No bloco 3, os indivíduos que relataram dor de dente, frequentaram o serviço público e procuraram tratamento odontológico tiveram maior chance de impacto. CONCLUSÕES: As variáveis sociodemográficas, clínica e de acesso ao serviço de saúde influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos.

13.
Spec Care Dentist ; 37(6): 290-298, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29210467

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate whether quality of life of mothers is related to oral health of disabled children. METHOD: This is an analytical cross-sectional study, based on interviews with 49 mothers and oral clinical examination (DMFT and OHI-S) in children with disabilities from 2 to 6 years old, assisted by the Rehabilitation Center of Piracicaba, SP. Mothers answered WHOQOL BREF quality of life instrument and Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale. Data analysis was performed with descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and multiple logistic regression. RESULT: Most children of the sample were aged from 37 to 48 months (40.81%) and presented neuropsychomotor development delay. Mothers reported (55.1%) that their interference in the health/illness of their children was a fortuitous process. The social relationships domain of WHOQOL BREF presented significant association (p = 0.0404) with DMFT index. CONCLUSION: We observed that quality of life of mothers can interfere in oral health of children, regarding social relationships.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência , Controle Interno-Externo , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Saúde Bucal
14.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 24(3): 347-354, jul.-set. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-828379

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução A perda dentária é considerada um evento grave na vida dos pacientes e pode levá-los à reclusão social. A reabilitação por meio de próteses pode contribuir para a melhora da autoimagem de edêntulos totais. Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo conhecer os fatores associados aos sentimentos decorrentes da perda de dentes e às expectativas quanto à nova prótese. Métodos Estudo transversal analítico com 119 pacientes edêntulos totais (faixa etária entre 29 e 87 anos) em tratamento para confecção de prótese em uma clínica-escola. Resultados Os pacientes que relataram ter perdido seus dentes devido ao medo de submeter-se ao tratamento ou a dificuldades de acesso foram os que mais sofreram com a perda dentária (OR=2,57). Os pacientes mais jovens (OR=3,33) e do sexo feminino (OR=3,89) foram aqueles que demonstraram mais expectativas em relação à prótese que estava sendo confeccionada. Conclusão As mulheres e as pessoas mais jovens são aquelas que manifestaram mais raiva ou tristeza pela perda dentária e que possuíam expectativas estéticas e de socialização em relação à nova prótese.


Abstract Introduction The tooth loss is considered a serious event on the life of patients and it may take them to social withdrawal. The rehabilitation through prosthetics can improve self-image of total edentulous. Objective This study aimed to assess factors associated with feelings related to tooth loss and the expectations regarding the new prosthesis. Methods A cross-sectional study with 119 total edentulous patients (age range: 29-87 years) undergoing prostheses treatment in a University Clinic. Results The patients who reported having lost their teeth due to fear of undergoing treatment or access difficulties were the ones who suffered most from tooth loss (OR = 2.57). Younger patients (OR = 3.33) and female (OR = 3.89) were those that showed more expectations for the prosthesis that was being made. Conclusion Women and young people are those who express more anger or sadness due to tooth loss and have aesthetic and socialization expectations for the new prosthesis.

15.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 24(2): 209-215, abr.-jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-792901

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução Os gestores municipais da saúde devem responder às demandas de suas equipes e dos pacientes do Sistema Único de Saúde, enfrentando cotidianamente situações potencialmente estressoras. A sobrecarga no trabalho pode levar à exaustão física e mental, com esgotamento dos recursos emocionais, e desencadear a Síndrome de Burnout (SB), cujas consequências podem atingir o serviço gerenciado, uma vez que, ao desempenhar essa atividade laboral, tomam-se decisões determinantes nas ações em saúde que afetam muitas pessoas. Este estudo verificou a presença da SB nos gestores municipais de saúde do Estado de São Paulo. Métodos Estudo do tipo transversal no qual foram coletados dados socioeconômicos e demográficos. Os níveis de SB foram avaliados pela aplicação do Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo (CESQT). A análise descritiva foi realizada por meio do cálculo de frequências. Resultados Verificou-se baixa prevalência de SB entre os 199 gestores participantes do estudo. Porém houve casos indicativos da presença da SB, inclusive com características de Perfil 2. Conclusão Esses achados evidenciam que essa classe de profissionais necessita de atenção e cuidados para prevenção e controle das consequências da SB, a fim de evitar que pessoas doentes gerenciem serviços de saúde.


Abstract Background Municipal health managers must respond to the demands of their staff and Unified Health System´s patients, facing daily potentially stressful situations. The work overload can lead to physical and mental exhaustion, with depletion of emotional resources, and trigger the Burnout Syndrome (BS) with consequences that can affect the service, as the managing activity takes major decisions on health actions that affect many people. This study verified the presence of BS in the municipal health managers in the state of São Paulo. Methods Cross-sectional study. Demographic and socioeconomic data were collected and BS levels were evaluated by application of the Cuestionario para La Evalución Del Síndrome de Quermarse por El Trabajo (CESQT). The descriptive analysis was performed using the frequency estimation. Results We verified a low prevalence of BS among 199 participants. However, some cases, including profile 2 features, indicated the presence of BS. Conclusion These findings show that this is a professional class in need of attention and care to prevent and control the consequences of BS, in order to prevent sickness in health services managers.

16.
Cien Saude Colet ; 20(7): 2147-56, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26132254

RESUMO

The study aimed to reflect on adolescents' speeches regarding their justifications for non-adherence to dental treatment. This is a qualitative research derived from a quantitative research aimed at adolescents from 15 to 19 years of public schools belonging to the area of 34 Primary Health Units - Family Health, in Piracicaba, SP, in 2012. The adolescents were evaluated, diagnosed and referred for dental treatment. One year after this intervention and with non-adherence to treatment, we used a qualitative method to deeply understand this phenomenon. We conducted 25 interviews with a semi-structured script, divided into three blocks: adopted or did not adopt actions recommended; arguments justifying the non-adherence of recommended actions; dimensions related to oral health importance. We adopted the thematic analysis and non-adherence was related to some aspects and grouped in: no priority; priority and change of priority. We concluded that the main reasons for non-adherence are related to different priorities, and orthodontic brace was a potent stimulator of interest and establishment of priorities in oral health care among adolescents.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cooperação do Paciente , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(7): 2147-2156, 07/2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-749938

RESUMO

Resumo O estudo buscou refletir sobre os discursos dos adolescentes nas justificativas para a não adesão ao tratamento odontológico. Esta investigação qualitativa deriva de uma pesquisa quantitativa dirigida a adolescentes de 15 a 19 anos, de escolas estaduais que pertenciam à área de 34 Unidades de Saúde da Família em Piracicaba, SP, no ano de 2012. Os adolescentes foram avaliados, diagnosticados e encaminhados para tratamento odontológico. Um ano após esta intervenção e com a não adesão ao tratamento, utilizou-se do método qualitativo para compreender em profundidade este fenômeno. Foram realizadas 25 entre-vistas, com roteiro semiestruturado, dividido em três blocos: adotou ou não as condutas recomendadas; argumentos que justificaram a não adoção das condutas recomendadas; dimensões relacionadas à importância da saúde bucal. A análise de conteúdo temática foi adotada e a não adesão foi relacionada com alguns aspectos e agrupadas configurando em: não prioridade; prioridade e mudança de prioridade. Concluiu-se que as principais justificativas para a não adesão estão relacionadas com diferentes prioridades e o aparelho ortodôntico mostrou-se como potente estimulador do interesse e do estabelecimento de prioridades na atenção à saúde bucal entre os adolescentes.


Abstract The study aimed to reflect on adolescents’ speeches regarding their justifications for non-adherence to dental treatment. This is a qualitative research derived from a quantitative research aimed at adolescents from 15 to 19 years of public schools belonging to the area of 34 Primary Health Units – Family Health, in Piracicaba, SP, in 2012. The adolescents were evaluated, diagnosed and referred for dental treatment. One year after this intervention and with non-adherence to treatment, we used a qualitative method to deeply understand this phenomenon. We conducted 25 interviews with a semi-structured script, divided into three blocks: adopted or did not adopt actions recommended; arguments justifying the non-adherence of recommended actions; dimensions related to oral health importance. We adopted the thematic analysis and non-adherence was related to some aspects and grouped in: no priority; priority and change of priority. We concluded that the main reasons for non-adherence are related to different priorities, and orthodontic brace was a potent stimulator of interest and establishment of priorities in oral health care among adolescents.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cooperação do Paciente , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
J. Health Sci. Inst ; 33(2): 144-150, abr.-jun. 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-883284

RESUMO

bjetivo ­ Avaliar as características socioeconômicas, processo de trabalho, capacitação, comportamento, autopercepção do conhecimento e acesso das famílias ao serviço odontológico em saúde bucal entre os grupos de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACS) vinculados a Unidade de Saúde da Família (USF) com e sem Equipe de Saúde Bucal (ESB). Métodos ­ Trata-se de um estudo transversal de cunho quantitativo. No total, 162 sujeitos participaram do estudo, sendo 81 ACS vinculados a USF com ESB (Grupo 2) e 81 ACS vinculados a USF sem ESB (Grupo 1). Para a coleta dos dados, utilizou-se um questionário previamente testado. Foram aplicados os testes Qui-Quadrado e Exato de Fischer para verificar diferenças entre os grupos de ACS. O nível de significância adotado nos testes foi de 5%. Resultados ­ Constatou-se diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos de ACS somente nas questões que abordaram o tema capacitação em saúde bucal (p<0,0002) e acesso das famílias ao serviço odontológico (p<0,0001). Conclusão ­ Os ACS que atuam em PSF com Equipe de Saúde Bucal tem autopercepção mais positiva sobre o acesso das famílias ao serviço de saúde bucal, e receberam mais capacitação em Saúde Buca


Objective ­ To evaluate the characteristics socioeconomic, work process, training, behavior, perception of knowledge and access of households to service dental oral health between of Community Workers Health (CHW) Unit linked to Family Health with and without Oral Health Team. Methods ­ This was a cross-sectional study of quantitative. A total of 162 subjects participated in the study, with 81 CHW linked to Family Health Unit with Oral Health Team (Group 2) and 81 ACS linked to Family Health Unit without ESB (Group 1). To collect the data, we used a previously tested questionnaire. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used to assess the differences between the CHW groups. The significance level used in the tests was 5%. Results ­ There was significant statistical difference between the CHW groups only on issues that focused on training in oral health (p <0.0002) and household access to dental care (p <0.0001). Conclusion ­ CHW who work in Family Health Unit with Oral Health Team has more positive perception on household access to oral health services, and received more training in Oral Health.

19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 20(4): 1185-97, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25923629

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of Community Health Agents (CHA) about the oral health/disease process, and compare the results between those who work in Family Health Teams (FHT), with and without Oral Health Teams (OHT). The participants in this study were 162 subjects, representing 66% of the total number of CHA in the municipality, and 81 of them are connected with Family Health Units (FHU) with OHT, and 81 CHS with FHUs without OHT. Data were collected from October to December 2013, by application of a questionnaire, containing personal and professional data, and 12 validated questions about knowledge of the oral health/disease process. The Mann-Whitney test was applied to verify differences between the groups. Statistically significant differences were verified between the groups of CHA when the total scores of questions about the oral health/disease process were analyzed (p < 0.0021). It was concluded that knowledge about the oral health/disease process, of the CHAs connected with a FHU with an OHT was better when compared with that of CHAs connected with a FHU without an OHT.


Assuntos
Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(4): 1185-1197, 04/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-744891

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of Community Health Agents (CHA) about the oral health/disease process, and compare the results between those who work in Family Health Teams (FHT), with and without Oral Health Teams (OHT). The participants in this study were 162 subjects, representing 66% of the total number of CHA in the municipality, and 81 of them are connected with Family Health Units (FHU) with OHT, and 81 CHS with FHUs without OHT. Data were collected from October to December 2013, by application of a questionnaire, containing personal and professional data, and 12 validated questions about knowledge of the oral health/disease process. The Mann-Whitney test was applied to verify differences between the groups. Statistically significant differences were verified between the groups of CHA when the total scores of questions about the oral health/disease process were analyzed (p < 0.0021). It was concluded that knowledge about the oral health/disease process, of the CHAs connected with a FHU with an OHT was better when compared with that of CHAs connected with a FHU without an OHT.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os conhecimentos de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACS) sobre o processo saúde/doença bucal, comparando resultados entre os que atuam em Equipes de Saúde da Família (ESF), com e sem Equipes de Saúde Bucal (ESB). Participaram do estudo 162 sujeitos, representando 66% do total de ACS do município, sendo 81 deles vinculados à Unidade de Saúde da Família (USF) com ESB, e 81 ACS à USF sem ESB. Os dados foram coletados de outubro a dezembro de 2013, por meio da aplicação de um questionário contendo dados pessoais, profissionais e 12 questões validadas sobre conhecimentos do processo saúde-doença bucal. Foi aplicado o teste Mann-Whitney para verificar diferenças entre os grupos. Verificou-se que houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos de ACS, quando se analisou o total de escores das questões sobre o processo saúde-doença bucal (p < 0,0021). Conclui-se que os conhecimentos sobre processo saúde/doença bucal dos ACS vinculados à USF com ESB são melhores quando comparado aos ACS vinculados à USF sem ESB.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Ansiedade/etiologia , Fibrose Cística/terapia , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Pacientes Internados , Manipulação Osteopática/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Espirometria/métodos , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Fibrose Cística/fisiopatologia , Seguimentos , Dor/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autoavaliação , Método Simples-Cego , Inquéritos e Questionários
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