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Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(12): 2319-2321, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742513


We report a case of Aspergillus felis infection in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease who had overlapping features of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Identifying the species responsible for aspergillosis by molecular methods can be crucial for directing patient management and selection of appropriate antifungal agents.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405852


We report the cases of a 39-year-old woman with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and a 21-year-old man with chronic granulomatous disease treated for cerebral aspergillosis. The patients required radical surgery for infection progression despite adequate isavuconazole plasma concentration or neurological complication. We thus decided to measure the brain isavuconazole concentration. These results suggest that the concentrations of isavuconazole obtained in the infected brain tissue clearly differ from those obtained in the normal brain tissue and the cerebrospinal fluid.

Infect Dis (Lond) ; : 1-9, 2018 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317897


BACKGROUND: Non-typhoidal salmonellosis (NTS) often occurs in children with sickle-cell disease (SCD) and remains a significant cause of mortality in developing countries. However, there is lack of reports on the clinical presentation, outcome and complications of NTS in adults with SCD. METHODS: We performed a chart review between 2006 and 2016 of adults SCD diagnosed with NTS in 3 referral centers monitoring approximately 3500 SCD adults. RESULTS: Twenty-three episodes of NTS were diagnosed among 22 SCD adults. Diagnosis was challenging: 65% (n = 15/23) of patients presented with vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) and 30% had no fever. Isolated serotypes were: ser. Enteritidis (n = 8), ser. Typhimurium (n = 6), others (n = 3). We identified two patterns of infections: (1) bacteremic NTS (n = 15) with (n = 9) or without secondary foci of infections (n = 6); (2) non-bacteremic NTS with extra-intestinal foci of infection (n = 8), including primary bones/joints infections (n = 5). Half of patients with osteo-articular localization (n = 6/13) had a previous history of osteonecrosis (n = 2) or osteomyelitis (n = 4) at the same site. Morbidity was high, 6 patients (26%) were admitted to the intensive care unit, 14 patients (61%) required RBC transfusion for VOC. Half of the episodes (n = 12) required surgery (n = 10) or interventional radiology (n = 2) to control the infection. One patient presented a relapse of NTS bacteraemia one year after the first episode. CONCLUSIONS: Besides bloodstream infections, clinical presentation of NTS in adults with SCD is non-specific at admission. A triad including bacteraemia, secondary focis of infection and bone localizations was observed in 30% of cases.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967027


Voriconazole is the standard treatment for invasive aspergillosis but requires therapeutic drug monitoring to optimize therapy. We report two cases of central nervous system aspergillosis treated with voriconazole. Because of low trough plasma concentrations, we identified gain-of-function mutations in CYP2C19 that were partially responsible for the therapeutic failure of voriconazole. We suggest that systematic voriconazole pharmacogenomic investigation of cerebral aspergillosis be performed to avoid effective therapy delay in this life-threatening disease.

Sci Immunol ; 3(24)2018 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29907691


Heterozygosity for human signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) dominant-negative (DN) mutations underlies an autosomal dominant form of hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES). We describe patients with an autosomal recessive form of HIES due to loss-of-function mutations of a previously uncharacterized gene, ZNF341 ZNF341 is a transcription factor that resides in the nucleus, where it binds a specific DNA motif present in various genes, including the STAT3 promoter. The patients' cells have low basal levels of STAT3 mRNA and protein. The autoinduction of STAT3 production, activation, and function by STAT3-activating cytokines is strongly impaired. Like patients with STAT3 DN mutations, ZNF341-deficient patients lack T helper 17 (TH17) cells, have an excess of TH2 cells, and have low memory B cells due to the tight dependence of STAT3 activity on ZNF341 in lymphocytes. Their milder extra-hematopoietic manifestations and stronger inflammatory responses reflect the lower ZNF341 dependence of STAT3 activity in other cell types. Human ZNF341 is essential for the STAT3 transcription-dependent autoinduction and sustained activity of STAT3.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 11(11): e0006094, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29155816


BACKGROUND: Complex cutaneous and muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL and MCL) often requires systemic therapy. Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) has a strong potential for a solid clinical benefit in this indication. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from a French centralized referral treatment program and from the "LeishMan" European consortium database. All patients with parasitologically proven CL or MCL who received at least one dose of L-AmB were included. Positive outcome was based on ulcer closure as per recent WHO workshop guidelines. RESULTS: From 2008 through 2016, 43 travelers returning from 18 countries (Old World n = 28; New World n = 15) were analyzed with a median follow-up duration of 79 days [range 28-803]. Main clinical forms were: localized CL with one or multiple lesions (n = 32; 74%) and MCL (n = 8; 19%). As per published criteria 19 of 41 patients (46%) were cured 90 days after one course of L-AmB. When the following items -improvement before day 90 but no subsequent follow-up, delayed healing (>3 months) and healing after a second course of L-AmB- were included in the definition of cure, 27 of 43 patients (63%) had a positive outcome. Five patients (MCL = 1; CL = 4) experienced a relapse after a median duration of 6 months [range 3-27] post treatment and 53% of patients (23/43) experienced at least one adverse event including severe hypokalaemia and acute cardiac failure (one patient each). In multivariate analysis, tegumentary infection with L. infantum was associated with complete healing after L-AmB therapy (OR 5.8 IC 95% [1.03-32]) while infection with other species had no impact on outcome. CONCLUSION: In conditions close to current medical practice, the therapeutic window of L-AmB was narrow in travellers with CL or MCL, with the possible exception of those infected with L. infantum. Strict follow-up is warranted when using L-AmB in patients with mild disease.

Anfotericina B/uso terapêutico , Antiprotozoários/uso terapêutico , Leishmaniose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anfotericina B/administração & dosagem , Anfotericina B/efeitos adversos , Antiprotozoários/administração & dosagem , Antiprotozoários/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leishmania/classificação , Leishmania/efeitos dos fármacos , Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia , Leishmaniose Mucocutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Leishmaniose Mucocutânea/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Viagem , Resultado do Tratamento