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1.
Heart ; 105(18): 1423-1431, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Assess the relative incidence and compare characteristics and outcome of unstable angina (UA) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). DESIGN: Two independent prospective multicentre diagnostic studies (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation [APACE] and High-Sensitivity Troponin in the Evaluation of Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome [High-STEACS]) enrolling patients with acute chest discomfort presenting to the emergency department. Central adjudication of the final diagnosis was done by two independent cardiologists using all clinical information including serial measurements of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn). All-cause death and future non-fatal MI were assessed at 30 days and 1 year. RESULTS: 8992 patients were enrolled at 11 centres. UA was adjudicated in 8.9%(95% CI 8.0 to 9.7) and 2.8% (95% CI 2.3 to 3.3) patients in APACE and High-STEACS, respectively, and NSTEMI in 15.1% (95% CI 14.0 to 16.2) and 13.4% (95% CI 12.4 to 14.3). Coronary artery disease was pre-existing in 73% and 76% of patients with UA. At 30 days, all-cause mortality in UA was substantially lower as compared with NSTEMI (0.5% vs 3.7%, p=0.002 in APACE, 0.7% vs 7.4%, p=0.004 in High-STEACS). Similarly, at 1 year in UA all-cause mortality was 3.3% (95% CI 1.2 to 5.3) vs 10.4% (95% CI 7.9 to 12.9) in APACE, and 5.1% (95% CI 0.7 to 9.5) vs 22.9% (95% CI 19.3 to 26.4) in High-STEACS, and similar to non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). In contrast, future non-fatal MI in APACE was comparable in UA and NSTEMI (11.2%, 95% CI 7.8 to 14.6 and 7.9%, 95% CI 5.7 to 10.2), and higher than in NCCP (0.6%, 95% CI 0.2 to 1.0). CONCLUSIONS: The relative incidence and mortality of UA is substantially lower than that of NSTEMI, while the rate of future non-fatal MI is similar.

2.
Am Heart J ; 181: 16-25, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27823689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The early and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important medical and economic challenge. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the performance of the new European Society of Cardiology rapid 0-hour/3-hour (0 h/3 h) rule out protocol for AMI. METHODS: We enrolled 2,727 consecutive patients presenting with suspected AMI without persistent ST-segment elevation to the emergency department in a prospective international multicenter study. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists. The performance of the 0 h/3 h rule out protocol was evaluated using 4 high-sensitivity (primary analysis) and 3 sensitive cardiac troponin (cTn) assays. RESULTS: Acute myocardial infarction was the final diagnosis in 473 patients (17.3%). Using the 4 high-sensitivity cTn assays, the 0-hour rule out protocol correctly ruled out 99.8% (95% [confidence interval] CI, 98.7%-100%), 99.6% (95% CI, 98.5%-99.9%), 100% (95% CI, 97.9%-100%), and 100% (95% CI, 98.0%-100%) of late presenters (>6 h from chest pain onset). The 3-hour rule out protocol correctly ruled out 99.9% (95% CI, 99.1%-100%), 99.5% (95% CI, 98.3%-99.9%), 100% (95% CI, 98.1%-100%), and 100% (95% CI, 98.2%-100%) of early presenters (<6 h from chest pain onset). Using the 3 sensitive cTn assays, the 0-hour rule out protocol correctly ruled out 99.6% (95% CI, 98.6%-99.9%), 99.0% (95% CI, 96.9%-99.7%), and 99.1% (95% CI, 97.2%-99.8%) of late presenters; and the 3-hour rule out protocol correctly ruled out 99.4% (95% CI, 98.3%-99.8%), 99.2% (95% CI, 97.3%-99.8%), and 99.0% (95% CI, 97.2%-99.7%) of early presenters. Overall, the 0 h/3 h rule out protocol assigned 40% to 60% of patients to rule out. None of the patients assigned rule out died during 3-months follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The 0 h/3 h rule out protocol seems to allow the accurate rule out of AMI using both high-sensitivity and sensitive cTn measurements in conjunction with clinical assessment. Additional studies are warranted for external validation.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dor no Peito/sangue , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Eletrocardiografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Am Heart J ; 171(1): 92-102.e1-5, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26699605

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: We aimed to prospectively derive and validate a novel 0-/1-hour algorithm using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) for the early "rule-out" and "rule-in" of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: In a prospective multicenter diagnostic study, we enrolled 1,500 patients presenting with suspected AMI to the emergency department. The final diagnosis was centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists blinded to hs-cTnI concentrations. The hs-cTnI (Siemens Vista) 0-/1-hour algorithm incorporated measurements performed at baseline and absolute changes within 1 hour, was derived in the first 750 patients (derivation cohort), and then validated in the second 750 (validation cohort). RESULTS: Overall, AMI was the final diagnosis in 16% of patients. Applying the hs-cTnI 0-/1-hour algorithm developed in the derivation cohort to the validation cohort, 57% of patients could be classified as "rule-out"; 10%, as "rule-in"; and 33%, as "observe." In the validation cohort, the sensitivity and the negative predictive value for AMI in the "rule-out" zone were 100% (95% CI 96%-100%) and 100% (95% CI 99%-100%), respectively. The specificity and the positive predictive value (PPV) for AMI in the "rule-in" zone were 96% (95% CI 94%-97%) and 70% (95% CI 60%-79%), respectively. Negative predictive value and positive predictive value of the 0-/1-hour algorithm were higher compared to the standard of care combining hs-cTnI with the electrocardiogram (both P < .001). CONCLUSION: The hs-cTnI 0-/1-hour algorithm performs very well for early rule-out as well as rule-in of AMI. The clinical implications are that used in conjunction with all other clinical information, the 0-/1-hour algorithm will be a safe and effective approach to substantially reduce time to diagnosis.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Eletrocardiografia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Circulation ; 131(23): 2041-50, 2015 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25948542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether more sensitive cardiac troponin (cTn) assays maintain their clinical utility in patients with renal dysfunction. Moreover, their optimal cutoff levels in this vulnerable patient population have not previously been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this multicenter study, we examined the clinical utility of 7 more sensitive cTn assays (3 sensitive and 4 high-sensitivity cTn assays) in patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. Among 2813 unselected patients, 447 (16%) had renal dysfunction (defined as Modification of Diet in Renal Disease-estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL·min(-1)·1.73 m(-2)). The final diagnosis was centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists using all available information, including coronary angiography and serial levels of high-sensitivity cTnT. Acute myocardial infarction was the final diagnosis in 36% of all patients with renal dysfunction. Among patients with renal dysfunction and elevated baseline cTn levels (≥99th percentile), acute myocardial infarction was the most common diagnosis for all assays (range, 45%-80%). In patients with renal dysfunction, diagnostic accuracy at presentation, quantified by the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve, was 0.87 to 0.89 with no significant differences between the 7 more sensitive cTn assays and further increased to 0.91 to 0.95 at 3 hours. Overall, the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve in patients with renal dysfunction was only slightly lower than in patients with normal renal function. The optimal receiver-operator characteristic curve-derived cTn cutoff levels in patients with renal dysfunction were significantly higher compared with those in patients with normal renal function (factor, 1.9-3.4). CONCLUSIONS: More sensitive cTn assays maintain high diagnostic accuracy in patients with renal dysfunction. To ensure the best possible clinical use, assay-specific optimal cutoff levels, which are higher in patients with renal dysfunction, should be considered. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00470587.


Assuntos
Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Rim/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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