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1.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 756340, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805165

RESUMO

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death globally, with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) being its most prevalent subtype. Due to the heterogeneity of LUAD, patients given the same treatment regimen may have different responses and clinical outcomes. Therefore, identifying new subtypes of LUAD is important for predicting prognosis and providing personalized treatment for patients. Pyroptosis-related genes play an essential role in anticancer, but there is limited research investigating pyroptosis in LUAD. In this study, 33 pyroptosis gene expression profiles and clinical information were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. By bioinformatics and machine learning analyses, we identified novel subtypes of LUAD based on 10 pyroptosis-related genes and further validated them in the GEO dataset, with machine learning models performing up to an AUC of 1 for classifying in GEO. A web-based tool was established for clinicians to use our clustering model (http://www.aimedicallab.com/tool/aiml-subphe-luad.html). LUAD patients were clustered into 3 subtypes (A, B, and C), and survival analysis showed that B had the best survival outcome and C had the worst survival outcome. The relationships between pyroptosis gene expression and clinical characteristics were further analyzed in the three molecular subtypes. Immune profiling revealed significant differences in immune cell infiltration among the three molecular subtypes. GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analyses were performed based on the differential genes of the three subtypes, indicating that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were involved in multiple cellular and biological functions, including RNA catabolic process, mRNA catabolic process, and pathways of neurodegeneration-multiple diseases. Finally, we developed an 8-gene prognostic model that accurately predicted 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival. In conclusion, pyroptosis-related genes may play a critical role in LUAD, and provide new insights into the underlying mechanisms of LUAD.

2.
J Neurol ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia in China, particularly in rural areas, is consistently increasing; however, research on population-attributable fractions (PAFs) of risk factors for dementia is scarce. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey, namely, the China Multicentre Dementia Survey (CMDS) in selected rural and urban areas from 2018 to 2020. We performed face-to-face interviews and neuropsychological and clinical assessments to reach a consensus on dementia diagnosis. Prevalence and weighted PAFs of eight modifiable risk factors (six classical: less childhood education, hearing impairment, depression, physical inactivity, diabetes, and social isolation, and two novels: olfactory decline and being unmarried) for all-cause dementia were estimated. RESULTS: Overall, CMDS included 17,589 respondents aged ≥ 65 years, 55.6% of whom were rural residents. The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence for all-cause dementia was 9.11% (95% CI 8.96-9.26), 5.19% (5.07-5.31), and 11.98% (11.8-12.15) in the whole, urban, and rural areas of China, respectively. Further, the overall weighted PAFs of the eight potentially modifiable risk factors were 53.72% (95% CI 52.73-54.71), 50.64% (49.4-51.89), and 56.54% (55.62-57.46) in the whole, urban, and rural areas of China, respectively. The eight risk factors' prevalence differed between rural and urban areas. Lower childhood education (PAF: 13.92%) and physical inactivity (16.99%) were primary risk factors in rural and urban areas, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The substantial urban-rural disparities in the prevalence of dementia and its risk factors exist, suggesting the requirement of resident-specific dementia-prevention strategies.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the improved access to health services in China, inadequate diagnosis and management of dementia are common issues, especially in rural regions. OBJECTIVE: The Hubei Memory & Aging Cohort Study was designed as a prospective study in Central China to determine the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among urban and rural older adults. METHODS: From 2018-2020, participants aged ≥65 years were screened, and data regarding their life behaviors, families, socio-economic status, physical and mental health, social and psychological factors, and cognition were collected. Diagnoses of MCI and dementia were made via consensus diagnosis using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition criteria. RESULTS: Of 8,221 individuals who completed their baseline clinical evaluation, 4,449 (54.1%) were women and 3,164 (38.4%) were from remote rural areas (average age: 71.96 years; mean education period: 7.58 years). At baseline, 25.98%(95%confidence interval [CI]: 24.99-26.96) and 7.24%(95%CI: 6.68-7.80) of the participants were diagnosed with MCI and dementia, respectively. Prevalence showed a strong relationship with age. The substantial disparities between rural and urban regions in MCI and dementia prevalence and multiple dementia-related risk factors were revealed. Especially for dementia, the prevalence rate in rural areas was 2.65 times higher than that in urban regions. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that public health interventions are urgently needed to achieve equitable diagnosis and management for people living with dementia in the communities across urban and rural areas.

4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(10): 1069-73, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify the superiority of motor imagery acupuncture in improving muscle tension for patients with upper limb hemiplegia in early stroke. METHODS: A total of 64 patients of stroke hemiplegia with upper limb flaccid paralysis were randomly divided into an observation group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off ) and a control group (32 cases, 4 cases dropped off ). The observation group was treated with motor imagery acupuncture (both acupuncture and motor imagery therapy at affected upper limb were performed).The control group was treated with acupuncture plus motor imagery therapy at affected lower limb, 2 h later after acupuncture, motor imagery therapy was applied to upper limb. Baihui (GV 20) to Taiyang (EX-HN 5) of healthy side, Fengchi (GB 20) and Jianyu (LI 15), Jianjing (GB 21), Quchi (LI 11), Waiguan (TE 5) on the affected side, ect. were selected in both groups, once a day, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, 4, 8 weeks after treatment, the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade and Brunnstrom stage were compared in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the muscle tension of shoulder, elbow and wrist each time point after treatment was increased in the two groups (P<0.05). After treatment, the proportion less than grade Ⅱ of elbow MAS grade in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05); 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, the proportion less than grade Ⅱ of shoulder, elbow and wrist MAS grades in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01). The Brunnstrom stage of arm and hand each time point after treatment was higher than the previous time point in the two groups (P<0.05), those in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Motor imagery acupuncture could promote hemiplegia upper limb muscle tension recovery in patients of stroke hemiplegia with upper limb flaccid paralysis, make the patients gradually shift to the separate fine movement mode, inhibit and relieve the appearance and development of spasm.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hemiplegia/etiologia , Hemiplegia/terapia , Humanos , Tono Muscular , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior
5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 694733, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485333

RESUMO

Background: Predicting the perioperative requirement for red blood cells (RBCs) transfusion in patients with the pelvic fracture may be challenging. In this study, we constructed a perioperative RBCs transfusion predictive model (ternary classifications) based on a machine learning algorithm. Materials and Methods: This study included perioperative adult patients with pelvic trauma hospitalized across six Chinese centers between September 2012 and June 2019. An extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm was used to predict the need for perioperative RBCs transfusion, with data being split into training test (80%), which was subjected to 5-fold cross-validation, and test set (20%). The ability of the predictive transfusion model was compared with blood preparation based on surgeons' experience and other predictive models, including random forest, gradient boosting decision tree, K-nearest neighbor, logistic regression, and Gaussian naïve Bayes classifier models. Data of 33 patients from one of the hospitals were prospectively collected for model validation. Results: Among 510 patients, 192 (37.65%) have not received any perioperative RBCs transfusion, 127 (24.90%) received less-transfusion (RBCs < 4U), and 191 (37.45%) received more-transfusion (RBCs ≥ 4U). Machine learning-based transfusion predictive model produced the best performance with the accuracy of 83.34%, and Kappa coefficient of 0.7967 compared with other methods (blood preparation based on surgeons' experience with the accuracy of 65.94%, and Kappa coefficient of 0.5704; the random forest method with an accuracy of 82.35%, and Kappa coefficient of 0.7858; the gradient boosting decision tree with an accuracy of 79.41%, and Kappa coefficient of 0.7742; the K-nearest neighbor with an accuracy of 53.92%, and Kappa coefficient of 0.3341). In the prospective dataset, it also had a food performance with accuracy 81.82%. Conclusion: This multicenter retrospective cohort study described the construction of an accurate model that could predict perioperative RBCs transfusion in patients with pelvic fractures.

7.
Front Genet ; 12: 702424, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497634

RESUMO

Background: Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death globally, with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) being its most prevalent subtype. This study aimed to identify the key intercellular communication-associated genes (ICAGs) in LUAD. Methods: Eight publicly available datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. The prognosis-related ICAGs were identified and a risk score was developed by using survival analysis. Machine learning models were trained to predict LUAD recurrence based on the selected ICAGs and clinical information. Comprehensive analyses on ICAGs and tumor microenvironment were performed. A single-cell RNA-sequencing dataset was assessed to further elucidate aberrant changes in intercellular communication. Results: Eight ICAGs with prognostic potential were identified in the present study, and a risk score was derived accordingly. The best machine-learning model to predict relapse was developed based on clinical information and the expression levels of these eight ICAGs. This model achieved a remarkable area under receiver operator characteristic curves of 0.841. Patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups according to their risk scores. DNA replication and cell cycle were significantly enriched by the differentially expressed genes between the high- and the low-risk groups. Infiltrating immune cells, immune functions were significantly related to ICAGs expressions and risk scores. Additionally, the changes of intercellular communication were modeled by analyzing the single-cell sequencing dataset. Conclusion: The present study identified eight key ICAGs in LUAD, which could contribute to patient stratification and act as novel therapeutic targets.

8.
Org Lett ; 23(20): 7865-7872, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582193

RESUMO

A palladium-catalyzed enantioselective Heck cyclization/dearomatization cascade via capturing the cyclized Heck π-allylpalladium intermediate by ß-naphthols is reported, which provides a new strategy for the construction of chiral indole-terpenoid frameworks. This method affords indole-functionalized ß-naphthalenone compounds bearing an all-carbon-substituted quaternary chiral center in excellent yields (up to 92%) and enantioselectivities (up to 94% ee). In addition, the utility of this method is showcased by the gram-scale syntheses and diverse transformations of the dearomatized products.

9.
Open Med (Wars) ; 16(1): 1121-1131, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430707

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Currently, the molecular mechanisms underlying the progressions of PD are not fully understood. The human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y has been widely used as an in vitro model for PD. This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanisms of the non-coding RNA-mediated SH-SY5Y differentiation induced by retinoic acid (RA). By microArray analysis, lncRNA HAGLR was observed to be significantly upregulated during the RA-induced SH-SY5Y differentiation. Silencing HAGLR blocked the RA-induced SH-SY5Y differentiation. Moreover, bioinformatical analysis illustrated that miR-130a-3p contains binding sites for HAGLR. The RNA-pull down assay and luciferase assay demonstrated that HAGLR functioned as a ceRNA of miR-130a-3p in SH-SY5Y cells. Overexpression of miR-130a-3p effectively inhibited SH-SY5Y differentiation. We identified MeCP2, a vital molecule in neuronal diseases, to be a direct target of miR-130a-3p in SH-SY5Y cells by western blot and luciferase assays. The rescue experiments verified that recovery of miR-130a-3p in HAGLR-overexpressing SH-SY5Y cells could successfully overcome the RA-induced SH-SY5Y differentiation by targeting MeCP2. In summary, this study reveals a potential molecular mechanism for the lncRNA-HAGLR-promoted in vitro neuron differentiation by targeting the miR-130a-3p-MeCP2 axis, contributing to the understanding of the pathogenesis and progression of PD.

10.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 83(4): 1741-1752, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies have demonstrated an association between low and high body mass index (BMI) and an increased risk of dementia. However, only a few of these studies were performed in rural areas. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study investigated the associations between BMI and cognitive impairment among community-dwelling older adults from rural and urban areas. METHODS: 8,221 older persons enrolled in the Hubei Memory & Ageing Cohort Study (HMACS) were recruited. Sociodemographic and lifestyle data, comorbidities, physical measurements, and clinical diagnoses of cognitive impairment were analyzed. Logistic regression was performed to assess the associations of BMI categories with cognitive impairment. A series of sensitivity analyses were conducted to test whether reverse causality could influence our results. RESULTS: Being underweight in the rural-dwelling participants increased the risk of cognitive impairment. Being overweight was a protective factor in rural-dwelling participants aged 65-69 years and 75-79 years, whereas being underweight was significantly associated with cognitive impairment (OR, 1.37; 95% CI: 1.03-1.83; p < 0.05). Sensitivity analyses support that underweight had an additive effect on the odds of cognitive impairment and was related to risk of dementia. Interaction test revealed that the differences between urban/rural in the relationship between BMI and cognitive impairment are statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Associations between BMI and cognitive impairment differ among urban/rural groups. Older people with low BMI living in rural China are at a higher risk for dementia than those living in urban areas.

11.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427391

RESUMO

The sense of taste plays a crucial role in herbivorous insects by discriminating nutrients from complex plant metabolic compounds. The peripheral coding of taste has been thoroughly studied in many insect species, but the central gustatory pathways are poorly described. In the present study, we characterized single neurons in the gnathal ganglion of Helicoverpa armigera larvae using the intracellular recording/staining technique. We identified different types of neurons, including sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons. The morphologies of these neurons were largely diverse and their arborizations seemingly covered the whole gnathal ganglion. The representation of the single neurons responding to the relevant stimuli of sweet and bitter cues showed no distinct patterns in the gnathal ganglion. We postulate that taste signals may be processed in a manner consistent with the principle of population coding in the gnathal ganglion of H. armigera larvae.

12.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427396

RESUMO

Ionotropic receptors (IRs) were first found in Drosophila melanogaster, and derive from ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), which are implicated in detecting acids, ammonia, amine, temperature and humidity. Although IRs are involved in sensing acid odors in a few insects, such as D. melanogaster, Aedes aegypti, and Manduca sexta, the function of IRs in Helicoverpa armigera is still unknown. IR8a was confirmed to be a co-receptor associated with acid detection. From the results of phylogenetic analysis, HarmIR8a displayed high similarity compared to homologs in D. melanogaster, M. sexta, and A. aegypti, suggesting that HarmIR8a might have a consistent function as a co-receptor for acid detection. In this study, clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR) / CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-mediated genome editing was implemented to knockout HarmIR8a for in vivo functional analysis. Electrophysiological and behavioral assays were performed to compare the differences between HarmIR8a knockout mutants and wild type individuals. From electroantennogram (EAG) analysis, we found that wild type H. armigera adults could detect short-chain carboxylic acids. In addition, wind tunnel experiments showed that 1% acetic acid attracted wild type H. armigera adults. However, acid sensing and attraction were reduced or abolished in the HarmIR8a knockout mutants. Our data suggest that HarmIR8a is important for H. armigera to detect short-chain carboxylic acids and mediate attraction behavior to acetic acid.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 287: 117671, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435562

RESUMO

In humans and animal models, the kidneys and cardiovascular systems are negatively affected by BPA from the environment. It is considered that BPA have some potential estrogen-like and non-hormone-like properties. In this study, RNA-sequencing and its-related bioinformatics was used as the basic strategy to clarify the characteristic mechanisms of kidney-heart axis remodeling and dysfunction in diabetic male rats under BPA exposure. We found that continuous BPA exposure in diabetic rats aggravated renal impairment, and caused hemodynamic disorders and dysfunctions. There were 655 and 125 differentially expressed genes in the kidney and heart, respectively. For the kidneys, functional annotation and enrichment, and gene set enrichment analyses identified bile acid secretion related to lipid synthesis and transport, and MAPK cascade pathways. For the heart, these bioinformatics analyses clearly pointed to MAPKs pathways. A total of 12 genes and another total of 6 genes were identified from the kidney tissue and heart tissue, respectively. Western blotting showed that exposure to BPA activated MAPK cascades in both organs. In this study, the exacerbated remodeling of diabetic kidney-heart axis under BPA exposure and diabetes might occur through hemodynamics, metabolism disorders, and the immune-inflammatory response, as well as continuous estrogen-like stimulation, with focus on the MAPK cascades.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Transcriptoma , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Biologia Computacional , Rim , Masculino , Fenóis , Ratos
14.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 229, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the intelligent survival strategy and self-preservation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), many antibiotics are ineffective in treating MRSA infections. Nano-drug delivery systems have emerged as a new method to overcome this barrier. The aim of this study was to construct a novel nano-drug delivery system for the treatment of MRSA infection, and to evaluate the therapeutic effect and biotoxicity of this system. We prepared a nano silver metal-organic framework using 2-methylimidazole as ligand and silver nitrate as ion provider. Vancomycin (Vanc) was loaded with Ag-MOF, and nano-sized platelet vesicles were prepared to encapsulate Ag-MOF-Vanc, thus forming the novel platelet membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc. RESULTS: The synthesized Ag-MOF particles had uniform size and shape of radiating corona. The mean nanoparticle size and zeta potential of PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc were 148 nm and - 25.6 mV, respectively. The encapsulation efficiency (EE) and loading efficiency (LE) of vancomycin were 81.0 and 64.7 %, respectively. PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc was shown to be a pH-responsive nano-drug delivery system with good biocompatibility. Ag-MOF had a good inhibitory effect on the growth of three common clinical strains (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and S. aureus). PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc showed better antibacterial activity against common clinical strains in vitro than free vancomycin. PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc killed MRSA through multiple approaches, including interfering with the metabolism of bacteria, catalyzing reactive oxygen species production, destroying the integrity of cell membrane, and inhibiting biofilm formation. Due to the encapsulation of the platelet membrane, PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc can bind to the surface of the MRSA bacteria and the sites of MRSA infection. PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc had a good anti-infective effect in mouse MRSA pneumonia model, which was significantly superior to free vancomycin, and has no obvious toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: PLT@Ag-MOF-Vanc is a novel effective targeted drug delivery system, which is expected to be used safely in anti-infective therapy of MRSA.

15.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-13, 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293966

RESUMO

Objective 5.8 GHz spectrum is gaining more attention in wireless technology. To explore the potential hazards, we investigated the effect of exposure to 5.8 GHz microwave on learning and memory ability of rats. Methods Morris Water maze (MWM), Novel object recognition (NOR) and Fear conditioning test (FCT) were used to evaluate the ability of spatial and non-spatial memory of rats. The hippocampal morphology, the level of brain injury factors in serum and the mitochondrial membrane potential of hippocampal neurons was examined to evaluate the damage of hippocampal neurons. The density of dendritic spines, the ultrastructure of synapses and the level of PSD95, Synaptophysin, p-CREB and CREB were detected to evaluate the hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Results Compared with Sham group, there was no significant difference in the performance of ethology (in MWM, NOR, FCT) in Microwave 2 h group or Microwave 4 h group. The hippocampal morphology, the serum level of brain injury factors and the content of mitochondrial JC-1 monomer in Microwave 2 h group or Microwave 4 h group did not change obviously, compared with Sham group. The density of dendritic spines, the ultrastructure of synapse and the level of PSD95, Synaptophysin, p-CREB and CREB in hippocampus in Microwave 2 h group or Microwave 4 h group did not significantly change, compared with Sham group. Conclusion Under this experimental condition, exposure to 5.8 GHz microwave could not affect the hippocampal synaptic plasticity of rats.

16.
Chaos ; 31(5): 053105, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240922

RESUMO

The essence of logical stochastic resonance is the dynamic manipulation of potential wells. The effect of time delay on the depth of potential wells and the width of a bistable region can be inferred by logic operations in the bistable system with time delay. In a time-delayed synthetic gene network, time delay in the synthesis process can increase the depth of the potential wells, while that in the degradation process, it can reduce the depth of the potential wells, which will result in a decrease in the width of the bistable region (the reason for time delay to induce logic operations without external driving force) and the instability of the system (oscillation). These two opposite effects imply stretching and folding, leading to complex dynamical behaviors of the system, including period, chaos, bubble, chaotic bubble, forward and reverse period doubling bifurcation, intermittency, and coexisting attractors.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Genes Sintéticos
17.
Front Oncol ; 11: 675545, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249715

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a highly heterogeneous malignancy, which makes prognosis prediction of LUAD very challenging. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent cell death mechanism that is important in the survival of tumor cells. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are considered to be key regulators of LUAD development and are involved in ferroptosis of tumor cells, and ferroptosis-related lncRNAs have gradually emerged as new targets for LUAD treatment and prognosis. It is essential to determine the prognostic value of ferroptosis-related lncRNAs in LUAD. In this study, we obtained RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data and corresponding clinical information of LUAD patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and ferroptosis-related lncRNAs by co-expression analysis. The best predictors associated with LUAD prognosis, including C5orf64, LINC01800, LINC00968, LINC01352, PGM5-AS1, LINC02097, DEPDC1-AS1, WWC2-AS2, SATB2-AS1, LINC00628, LINC01537, LMO7DN, were identified by Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis, and the LUAD risk prediction model was successfully constructed. Kaplan-Meier analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) time curve analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis and further demonstrated that the model has excellent robustness and predictive ability. Further, based on the risk prediction model, functional enrichment analysis revealed that 12 prognostic indicators involved a variety of cellular functions and signaling pathways, and the immune status was different in the high-risk and low-risk groups. In conclusion, a risk model of 12 ferroptosis related lncRNAs has important prognostic value for LUAD and may be ferroptosis-related therapeutic targets in the clinic.

18.
Front Immunol ; 12: 626895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267744

RESUMO

In mammals, Interleukin-17 cytokine family plays critical roles in both acute and chronic inflammatory responses. In fish species, three Interleukin-17A/F (IL-17A/F) genes have been identified to be homologous to mammalian IL-17A and IL-17F, but little is known about their functional activity. In this study, Pf_IL-17A/F1, 2 and 3 genes were cloned from yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) and they differed in protein structure and exon length, implying that they may have divergent bioactivity. Real-time quantitative PCR analyses revealed that three Pf_IL-17A/F genes were highly expressed in blood and mucosal tissues (skin+mucus and gill) from healthy adult fish. The mRNA expressions of Pf_IL-17A/F1, 2 and 3 genes were significantly up-regulated in the gill, skin+mucus, head kidney and spleen after challenge with Edwardsiella ictaluri and in the isolated peripheral blood leucocytes (PBLs) of yellow catfish after stimulation with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), lipopolysaccharides (LPS), peptidoglycan (PGN) and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C). These results indicate that Pf_IL-17A/F1, 2 and 3 genes may play a vital role in the regulation of immune against pathogens. Additionally, the recombinant (r) Pf_IL-17A/F1, 2 and 3 proteins significantly induced the mRNA expressions of proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and antibacterial peptides genes, and the rPf_IL-17A/F 2 and 3 proteins promoted phagocytosis of PBLs more powerfully than the rPf_IL-17A/F1. Furthermore, the rPf_IL-17A/F1, 2 and 3 proteins might activate the NF-κB and MAPK signal pathways by IL-17RA, ACT1, TRAF6, TRAF2, TRAF5 and TAK1, indicating that the three Pf_IL-17A/F proteins may play different roles in promoting inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/genética , Peixes-Gato/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Animais , Rim Cefálico/imunologia , Interleucina-17/química , Interleucina-17/classificação , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Fito-Hemaglutininas/farmacologia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Baço/imunologia
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 185: 176-193, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144067

RESUMO

Inflammation is a common manifestation of body immunity and mediates a cascade of cytokines. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), as a multi-effect cytokine, plays an important role in the inflammatory response by interacting with its receptor (TNFR). In this study, Pf_TNF-α, Pf_TNFR1 and Pf_TNFR2 genes were cloned from yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), and bioinformatics analyses showed that the three genes were conserved and possessed similar sequence characteristics as those of other vertebrates. The qPCR results showed that Pf_TNF-α, Pf_TNFR1 and Pf_TNFR2 mRNAs were constitutively expressed in 14 tissues and the lymphocytes of four tissues from healthy adults. The mRNA expression levels of Pf_TNF-α and Pf_TNFR1 genes were significantly up-regulated in the spleen, liver, trunk kidney, head kidney and gill after Edwardsiella ictaluri infection, while the mRNA expression of Pf_TNFR2 was significantly up-regulated in the spleen, and down-regulated in the liver and gill. In the isolated peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) of yellow catfish, the expression of Pf_TNF-α mRNA was notably up-regulated and the two Pf_TNFR transcripts were distinctly down-regulated after stimulation with lipopolysaccharides (LPS), peptidoglycan (PGN), polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C) and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). After stimulated by recombinant (r) Pf_sTNF protein, the mRNA expressions of various inflammatory factors genes were up-regulated in the PBLs. Meanwhile, rPf_sTNF promoted the phagocytic activity of leukocytes, whereas the activity mediated by rPf_sTNF could be inhibited by rPf_TNFR1CRD2/3 and rPf_TNFR2CRD2/3. The up-regulation of TNF-α and IL-1ß mRNAs expression triggered by rPf_sTNF could be inhibited by MAPK inhibitor (VX-702) and NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC). rPf_sTNF induced the expression of FADD mRNA in PBLs and increased the apoptotic rate of PBLs, and inhibiting the NF-κB and MAPK signal pathways could enhance the apoptosis of PBLs. The results indicate that Pf_TNF-α, Pf_TNFR1 and Pf_TNFR2 play important roles in the immune response of yellow catfish to bacterial invasion.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/genética , Clonagem Molecular/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Animais , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Especificidade de Órgãos , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Filogenia , Fito-Hemaglutininas/farmacologia , Poli I-C/farmacologia
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(26): 30434-30457, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161080

RESUMO

In the face of the abundant production of various types of carbapenemases, the antibacterial efficiency of imipenem, seen as "the last line of defense", is weakening. Following, the incidence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), which can generate antibiotic-resistant biofilms, is increasing. Based on the superior antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles against multifarious bacterial strains compared with common antibiotics, we constructed the IPM@AgNPs-PEG-NOTA nanocomposite (silver nanoparticles were coated with SH-PEG-NOTA as well as loaded by imipenem) whose core was a silver nanoparticle to address the current challenge, and IPM@AgNPs-PEG-NOTA was able to function as a novel smart pH-sensitive nanodrug system. Synergistic bactericidal effects of silver nanoparticles and imipenem as well as drug-resistance reversal via protection of the ß-ring of carbapenem due to AgNPs-PEG-NOTA were observed; thus, this nanocomposite confers multiple advantages for efficient antibacterial activity. Additionally, IPM@AgNPs-PEG-NOTA not only offers immune regulation and accelerates tissue repair to improve therapeutic efficacy in vivo but also can prevent the interaction of pathogens and hosts. Compared with free imipenem or silver nanoparticles, this platform significantly enhanced antibacterial efficiency while increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and membrane damage, as well as affecting cell wall formation and metabolic pathways. According to the results of crystal violet staining, LIVE/DEAD backlight bacterial viability staining, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), this silver nanocomposite downregulated the levels of ompA expression to prevent formation of biofilms. In summary, this research demonstrated that the IPM@AgNPs-PEG-NOTA nanocomposite is a promising antibacterial agent of security, pH sensitivity, and high efficiency in reversing resistance and synergistically combatting carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. In the future, various embellishments and selected loads for silver nanoparticles will be the focus of research in the domains of medicine and nanotechnology.


Assuntos
Infecções por Acinetobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanocompostos/uso terapêutico , Prata/uso terapêutico , Acinetobacter baumannii/fisiologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/química , Imipenem/química , Imipenem/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanocompostos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Prata/química , Resistência beta-Lactâmica/efeitos dos fármacos
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