Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 286
Filtrar
1.
JAMA Neurol ; 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938914

RESUMO

Importance: The benefits of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) are time dependent. Prior studies may have underestimated the time-benefit association because time of onset is imprecisely known. Objective: To assess the lifetime outcomes associated with speed of endovascular thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO). Data Sources: PubMed was searched for randomized clinical trials of stent retriever thrombectomy devices vs medical therapy in patients with anterior circulation LVO within 12 hours of last known well time, and for which a peer-reviewed, complete primary results article was published by August 1, 2020. Study Selection: All randomized clinical trials of stent retriever thrombectomy devices vs medical therapy in patients with anterior circulation LVO within 12 hours of last known well time were included. Data Extraction/Synthesis: Patient-level data regarding presenting clinical and imaging features and functional outcomes were pooled from the 7 retrieved randomized clinical trials of stent retriever thrombectomy devices (entirely or predominantly) vs medical therapy. All 7 identified trials published in a peer-reviewed journal (by August 1, 2020) contributed data. Detailed time metrics were collected including last known well-to-door (LKWTD) time; last known well/onset-to-puncture (LKWTP) time; last known well-to-reperfusion (LKWR) time; door-to-puncture (DTP) time; and door-to-reperfusion (DTR) time. Main Outcomes and Measures: Change in healthy life-years measured as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). DALYs were calculated as the sum of years of life lost (YLL) owing to premature mortality and years of healthy life lost because of disability (YLD). Disability weights were assigned using the utility-weighted modified Rankin Scale. Age-specific life expectancies without stroke were calculated from 2017 US National Vital Statistics. Results: Among the 781 EVT-treated patients, 406 (52.0%) were early-treated (LKWTP ≤4 hours) and 375 (48.0%) were late-treated (LKWTP >4-12 hours). In early-treated patients, LKWTD was 188 minutes (interquartile range, 151.3-214.8 minutes) and DTP 105 minutes (interquartile range, 76-135 minutes). Among the 298 of 380 (78.4%) patients with substantial reperfusion, median DTR time was 145.0 minutes (interquartile range, 111.5-185.5 minutes). Care process delays were associated with worse clinical outcomes in LKW-to-intervention intervals in early-treated patients and in door-to-intervention intervals in early-treated and late-treated patients, and not associated with LKWTD intervals, eg, in early-treated patients, for each 10-minute delay, healthy life-years lost were DTP 1.8 months vs LKWTD 0.0 months; P < .001. Considering granular time increments, the amount of healthy life-time lost associated with each 1 second of delay was DTP 2.2 hours and DTR 2.4 hours. Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, care delays were associated with loss of healthy life-years in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with EVT, particularly in the postarrival time period. The finding that every 1 second of delay was associated with loss of 2.2 hours of healthy life may encourage continuous quality improvement in door-to-treatment times.

2.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 21(1): 95, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis performances of case-identifying algorithms developed in healthcare database are usually assessed by comparing identified cases with an external data source. When this is not feasible, intra-database validation can present an appropriate alternative. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate through two practical examples how to perform intra-database validations of case-identifying algorithms using reconstituted Electronic Health Records (rEHRs). METHODS: Patients with 1) multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses and 2) metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) were identified in the French nationwide healthcare database (SNDS) using two case-identifying algorithms. A validation study was then conducted to estimate diagnostic performances of these algorithms through the calculation of their positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). To that end, anonymized rEHRs were generated based on the overall information captured in the SNDS over time (e.g. procedure, hospital stays, drug dispensing, medical visits) for a random selection of patients identified as cases or non-cases according to the predefined algorithms. For each disease, an independent validation committee reviewed the rEHRs of 100 cases and 100 non-cases in order to adjudicate on the status of the selected patients (true case/ true non-case), blinded with respect to the result of the corresponding algorithm. RESULTS: Algorithm for relapses identification in MS showed a 95% PPV and 100% NPV. Algorithm for mCRPC identification showed a 97% PPV and 99% NPV. CONCLUSION: The use of rEHRs to conduct an intra-database validation appears to be a valuable tool to estimate the performances of a case-identifying algorithm and assess its validity, in the absence of alternative.

3.
J Neurol ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the course of disability in patients with benign multiple sclerosis-i.e., with an expanded disability status scale score < 3 10 years after disease onset-for up to 30 years after disease onset. We evaluated the proportion of patients remaining in the benign state on the long term and the factor associated with this favorable outcome and determined the pattern of disability course after the loss of the benign status. METHODS: Patients were selected from the ReLSEP, a French population-based registry. We studied the probability (Kaplan-Meier method) and predictors (multivariate Cox model) of remaining < 3 after year 10, and the course of disability after score 3 according to the duration of the benign phase in patients with ≥ 30 years of follow-up (graphs of the course of the mean expanded disability status scale scores in subgroups of patients). RESULTS: 2295/3440 patients had benign multiple sclerosis (66.7%). The probability of remaining benign at year 30 was 0.26 (95% CI 0.26-0.32). A young age at disease onset and a good recovery after the first relapse were associated with remaining benign. Graphs illustrate that those who lost their benign status between years 10 and 30 follow a two-stage course. Beyond score 3, disability accumulation is similar in all but lower disability scores at advanced age are associated with longer benign periods. CONCLUSION: The longer a patient remains in the benign state, the lower the final EDSS at advanced age.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop an operational definition of contextual factors (CF) [1]. METHODS: Based on previously conducted interviews, we presented three CF types in a Delphi survey; Effect Modifying -, Outcome Influencing - and Measurement Affecting CFs. Subsequently, a virtual Special Interest Group (SIG) session was held for in depth discussion of Effect Modifying CFs. RESULTS: Of 161 Delphi participants, 129 (80%) completed both rounds. After two rounds, we reached consensus (≥70% agreeing) for all but two statements. The 45 SIG participants were broadly supportive. CONCLUSION: Through consensus we developed an operational definition of CFs, which was well received by OMERACT members.

5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies with work participation (WP) as an outcome domain pose particular methodological challenges that hamper interpretation, comparison between studies and meta-analyses. OBJECTIVES: To develop Points to Consider (PtC) for design, analysis and reporting of studies of patients with inflammatory arthritis that include WP as a primary or secondary outcome domain. METHODS: The EULAR Standardised Operating Procedures were followed. A multidisciplinary taskforce with 22 experts including patients with rheumatic diseases, from 10 EULAR countries and Canada, identified methodologic areas of concern. Two systematic literature reviews (SLR) appraised the methodology across these areas. In parallel, two surveys among professional societies and experts outside the taskforce sought for additional methodological areas or existing conducting/reporting recommendations. The taskforce formulated the PtC after presentation of the SLRs and survey results, and discussion. Consensus was obtained through informal voting, with levels of agreement obtained anonymously. RESULTS: Two overarching principles and nine PtC were formulated. The taskforce recommends to align the work-related study objective to the design, duration, and outcome domains/measurement instruments of the study (PtC: 1-3); to identify contextual factors upfront and account for them in analyses (PtC: 4); to account for interdependence of different work outcome domains and for changes in work status over time (PtC: 5-7); to present results as means as well as proportions of patients reaching predefined meaningful categories (PtC: 8) and to explicitly report volumes of productivity loss when costs are an outcome (PtC:9). CONCLUSION: Adherence to these EULAR PtC will improve the methodological quality of studies evaluating WP.

6.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SP MS) and clinical and/or radiological activity could be the more likely to benefit from disease modifying treatments. To evaluate the proportions each year after progression onset, we studied patients with SP MS onset between 2002 and 2012 from a population-based multiple sclerosis registry in North-Eastern France. METHODS: Progression onset was first identified by the neurologist's diagnosis (N cohort), then by using an automated data-driven definition (D cohort). In a given year after onset of progression, clinical activity was defined as at least one relapse, and radiological activity as at least one new T2 and/or gadolinium-enhancing lesion. A multivariate mixed logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with activity during the year. RESULTS: N cohort: among 833 patients with SP MS with a median follow-up of 8 years, 10.0 to 14.8% had at least one relapse in a year during the first 5 years of progression. Including both clinical and radiological activity increased these proportions to 11.9 to 23.7%, with a proportion having an MRI scan in the year ranging from 29.8 to 40.5%. The first year of progression, a young age, and a high relapse rate during the 5 years before progression were associated with activity in a given year. D cohort results confirmed these findings. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of patients with SP MS present disease activity. Further studies should evaluate the impact of disease modifying treatments on the disease course of these patients.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To gain consensus on the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) core domain set for rheumatology trials of shared decision making (SDM) interventions. METHODS: The process followed the OMERACT Filter 2.1 methodology, and used consensus-building methods, with patients involved since the inception. After developing the draft core domain set in previous research, we conducted five steps: (i) improving the draft core domain set; (ii) developing and disseminating white-board videos to promote its understanding; (iii) conducting an electronic survey to gather feedback on the draft core domain set; (iv) finalizing the core domain set and developing summaries, a plenary session video and discussion boards to promote its understanding; and (v) conducting virtual workshops with voting to endorse the core domain set. RESULTS: A total of 167 participants from 28 countries answered the survey (62% were patients/caregivers). Most participants rated domains as relevant (81%-95%) and clear (82%-93%). A total of 149 participants (n = 48 patients/caregivers, 101 clinicians/researchers) participated in virtual workshops and voted on the proposed core domain set which received endorsement by 95%. Endorsed domains are: 1- Knowledge of options, their potential benefits and harms; 2- Chosen option aligned with each patient's values and preferences; 3- Confidence in the chosen option; 4- Satisfaction with the decision-making process; 5- Adherence to the chosen option and 6- Potential negative consequences of the SDM intervention. CONCLUSION: We achieved consensus among an international group of stakeholders on the OMERACT core domain set for rheumatology trials of SDM interventions. Future research will develop the Core Outcome Measurement Set. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Prior to this study, there had been no consensus on the OMERACT core domain set for SDM interventions. The current study shows that the OMERACT core domain set achieved a high level of endorsement by key stakeholders, including patients/caregivers, clinicians and researchers.

8.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e040522, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722864

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) increases functional independence in patients with acute ischaemic stroke with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO), and the probability to achieve functional independence decreases by 20% for each 1-hour delay to reperfusion. Therefore, we aim to investigate whether direct angiosuite transfer (DAT) is superior to standard imaging/emergency department-based management in achieving 90-day functional independence in patients presenting with an acute severe neurological deficit likely due to LVO and requiring emergent treatment with MT. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: DIRECT ANGIO (Effect of DIRECT transfer to ANGIOsuite on functional outcome in patient with severe acute stroke treated with thrombectomy: the randomised DIRECT ANGIO Trial) trial is an investigator-initiated, multicentre, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE) study. Eligibility requires a patient ≤75 years, pre-stroke modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-2, presenting an acute severe neurological deficit and admitted within 5 hours of symptoms onset in an endovascular-capable centre. A total of 208 patients are randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to DAT or standard management. The primary outcome is the rate of patients achieving a functional independence, assessed as mRS 0-2 at 90 days. Secondary endpoints include patients presenting confirmed LVO, patients eligible to intravenous thrombolysis alone, patients with intracerebral haemorrhage and stroke-mimics, intrahospital time metrics, early neurological improvement (reduction in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale by ≥8 points or reaching 0-1 at 24 hours) and mRS overall distribution at 90 days and 12 months. Safety outcomes are death and intracerebral haemorrhage transformation. Medico-economics analyses include health-related quality of life and cost utility assessment. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The DIRECT ANGIO trial was approved by the ethics committee of Ile de France 1. Study began in April 2020. Results will be published in an international peer-reviewed medical journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03969511.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Flare Assessment in Rheumatoid Arthritis (FLARE-RA) self-administered questionnaire aims to identify patients who had flare in the interval between 2 consultations. This study aimed to establish a threshold for FLARE-RA score to identify RA flare. METHODS: The Tocilizumab SubCutAneous (TOSCA) study evaluated the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous Tocilizumab (TCZ) to patients with active RA. Disease activity was assessed with the DAS28ESR at baseline and at week 2 (W2), W4, W12, and W24. The FLARE-RA questionnaire was administered at W12 and W24. Patient satisfaction, assessed at baseline and W24 with the Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS), was used as a surrogate marker of no flare. A correlation was sought between the FLARE-RA score at W12 and W24 and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) for monthly DAS28ESR. The optimal FLARE-RA cut-off below which patient satisfaction reached the PASS was explored with an ROC curve. RESULTS: 139 patients were included (mean age 57.3 ± 13.8 years, 74.1% women, mean RA duration 10.8 ± 9.2 years, mean DAS28ESR 5.8 ± 1.1). The correlation between the FLARE-RA score and DAS28ESR AUC was moderate at all times: rho = 0.41 at W12 (p<0.0001) and 0.51 at W24 (p<0.0001). The optimal cut-off for the FLARE-RA score to identify absence of flare (i.e. an acceptable situation based on the PASS) was 2.3 with an AUC of 0.81. CONCLUSION: FLARE-RA and DAS28ESR assessment differ; we propose a FLARE-RA cut-off of 2.3, below which the situation (i.e. without flare) is acceptable for patients.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Towards developing an instrument to measure knee and hip osteoarthritis (KHOA) flare, the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Flares in OA Working Group first sought to identify and define relevant domains of flare in KHOA. METHODS: Guided by OMERACT Filter 2.1, candidate domains were identified from data generated in interviews, in English or French, with persons with KHOA and health professionals (HPs) who treat OA. The first and second rounds of an online Delphi process with patients and HPs, including researchers, selected relevant domains. The third round provided agreement on the selected domains and their definitions. At the virtual OMERACT 2020 workshop, the proposed domains and their definitions were discussed in facilitated breakout groups with patients and HPs. Participants then voted, with consensus set at ≥70%. RESULTS: Qualitative interviews characterizing OA flare were completed with 29 persons with KHOA and 16 HPs. Content was analyzed and grouped into nine clusters. These candidate domains were included in two Delphi rounds, completed by 91 patients and 165 HPs then 50 patients and 116 HPs, per round, respectively. This resulted in selecting five relevant domains. A final Delphi round, completed by 38 patients and 89 HPs, provided agreement on these domains and their definitions. The OMERACT virtual vote included 27 patients and 106 HPs. The domains and their definitions were endorsed with ≥98% agreement. Domains include: Pain, Swelling, Stiffness, Psychological aspects, and Impact of symptoms, all defined "during flare". CONCLUSION: Using OMERACT methodology, we have developed five domains of KHOA flare that were highly endorsed by patients and HPs.

11.
Joint Bone Spine ; 88(4): 105151, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic alliance (TA) is the agreement between caregiver and patient during the care process. Therapeutic adherence is a major issue for the management of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) requiring child's strong ability to follow treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between TA and adherence in patients with JIA. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study. Children, with JIA, aged 8-16, were included. Children, parents and physicians completed the Helping Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ-CP) for assessing TA. Adherence was measured using the Child/Parent Adherence Report Questionnaire (CARQ & PARQ). Demographic data, disease characteristics, current treatments and social environment were collected. The univariate relationship between TA and adherence, was studied by Pearson correlation coefficient. The multivariate analysis used a multiple linear regression model. RESULTS: A total of 119 patients were included: 68.9% girls, mean age (SD) 12.4 (2.9) years, disease duration 73.1 (48.2) months. JIA was in remission (52%), in low activity (32%) and active (16%). TA scores were high (≥80/100) for children, parents and physicians. HAQCP was highly correlated with CARQ (r=0.31; P<0.001) PARQ (r=0.37; P<0.001). In univariate analysis, disease activity (P<0.05), place of residence (P<0.01) and family status (P<0.01) were associated with child's TA. In multivariate analysis, only the place of residence (P<0.001) and the family status (P<0.05) remained associated with TA. CONCLUSION: TA strongly influences therapeutic adherence and therefore may be important for treatment effectiveness.

12.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The kidney function monitoring is recommended in routine practice to detect 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) related nephrotoxicity, although is not standardized. The optimal monitoring is unknown, especially the best timing and which tests to perform. We summarized why, how, and when to perform the monitoring for patients treated with 5-ASA and provided an overview of the current guidelines on this topic. METHOD: Relevant studies on this topic were searched in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases from July to August 2020. RESULTS: Serum creatinine, the estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 24-h proteinuria are the 3 main tests used for the monitoring in daily practice. Regarding the timing, several monitoring strategies have been proposed and guidelines are available too, but they provide conflicting information. To date, there is no medical evidence-based that one strategy is better than another. Comorbidities, chronic renal disease, use of nephrotoxic drugs or concomitant steroid therapy also impact the nephrotoxicity risk. Based on the literature review we proposed a kidney function monitoring strategy to guide physicians in clinical practice. CONCLUSION: A baseline assessment should be performed in all patients treated with 5-ASA. The monitoring should be carried out according to the other nephrotoxic factors. A tight monitoring may reduce morbidity and mortality of drug nephrotoxicity.

13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To produce European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the reporting of ultrasound studies in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). METHODS: Based on the literature reviews and expert opinion (through Delphi surveys), a taskforce of 23 members (12 experts in ultrasound in RMDs, 9 in methodology and biostatistics together with a patient research partner and a health professional in rheumatology) developed a checklist of items to be reported in every RMD study using ultrasound. This checklist was further refined by involving a panel of 79 external experts (musculoskeletal imaging experts, methodologists, journal editors), who evaluated its comprehensibility, feasibility and comprehensiveness. Agreement on each proposed item was assessed with an 11-point Likert scale, grading from 0 (total disagreement) to 10 (full agreement). RESULTS: Two face-to-face meetings, as well as two Delphi rounds of voting, resulted in a final checklist of 23 items, including a glossary of terminology. Twenty-one of these were considered 'mandatory' items to be reported in every study (such as blinding, development of scoring systems, definition of target pathologies) and 2 'optional' to be reported only if applicable, such as possible confounding factors (ie, ambient conditions) or experience of the sonographers. CONCLUSION: An EULAR taskforce developed a checklist to ensure transparent and comprehensive reporting of aspects concerning research and procedures that need to be presented in studies using ultrasound in RMDs. This checklist, if widely adopted by authors and editors, will greatly improve the interpretability of study development and results, including the assessment of validity, generalisability and applicability.

14.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(1): 129-136, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the role of metabolic diseases in osteoarthritis (OA), we investigated whether biomarkers of adipose tissue dysfunction could be associated with OA-related pain. DESIGN: We cross-sectionally analyzed patients with knee and/or hip OA at inclusion in the KHOALA cohort. We used visual analogic scale (VAS) for pain, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and Osteoarthritis Knee and Hip Quality of Life (OAKHQOL) pain subscores. At inclusion, we measured ultra-sensitive CRP (usCRP), leptin and adiponectin for calculation of leptin:adiponectin ratio (LAR), a marker of adipose tissue dysfunction associated with central adiposity, high-molecular-weight adiponectin, visfatin and apolipoproteins. Univariate and multivariable analyses using stepwise linear regression models were performed to search for correlation between pain assessments and these biomarkers, with systematic adjustment on age. RESULTS: In 596 women with hip and/or knee OA, multivariable analyses indicated that higher pain intensity was associated with higher LAR (VAS pain: ß=0.49; p = 0.0001, OAKHQOL pain: ß=-0.46; p = 0.0002, WOMAC pain: ß=0.30; p = 0.001) in the whole group as well as in hip or knee OA patients considered separately. Pain intensity correlated also with usCRP level (VAS pain: ß= 0.27; p = 0.02, OAKHQOL pain: ß =-0.30; p = 0.01) and Kellgren-Lawrence score. In 267 men, no correlation between biomarkers and pain was found. CONCLUSION: Serum LAR and usCRP level are associated with pain level, independently of radiographic structural severity in women with hip and/or knee OA, emphasizing the role of adipose tissue dysfunction and of meta-inflammation in pain experience in the female population.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33252416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) nephrotoxicity is a rare and idiosyncratic condition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which may lead to end-stage kidney failure. Kidney function monitoring is recommended in clinical practice to prevent this complication. However, no data is available regarding the knowledge and adherence of patients with IBD to this monitoring. METHODS: As a part of routine practice, patients with IBD under treatment or previously treated with 5-ASA were systematically interviewed about knowledge of 5-ASA nephrotoxicity and adherence to kidney function monitoring. We reported here the experience among the first 103 consecutive patients seen in a French referral center. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients (93.2% ulcerative colitis, 5.8% Crohn's disease, and 1% unclassified colitis) were analyzed. Among them, 70% were informed about the need for kidney function monitoring, and in most cases, information was provided by their gastroenterologist (94.4%). The adherence rate to monitoring was very high (84.7%). Monitoring consisted of serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate in most cases (97.2%), while 24-h proteinuria was less frequently used (69.4%). These tests were performed twice or ≥3 times per year by 44.4 and 41.7% of patients, respectively. One case of isolated elevation of proteinuria related to 5-ASA treatment was observed. CONCLUSION: We reported for the first time that patients with IBD are well informed and adherent to kidney function monitoring of treatment with 5-ASA. The monitoring performed by their treating physician was generally in accordance with current recommendations.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253499

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: An international multi-disciplinary initiative, jointly supported by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), is underway to develop new rigorous classification criteria to identify patients with high likelihood of Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) for research purposes. We applied an evidence- and consensus- based approach to identify candidate criteria and develop a hierarchical organization of criteria within domains. METHODS: During Phase I, the APS classification criteria Steering Committee used systematic literature reviews and surveys of international APS physician scientists to generate a comprehensive list of items related to APS. In Phase II, we reviewed the literature, administered surveys, formed domain subcommittees, and used Delphi exercises and nominal group technique to reduce potential APS candidate criteria. Candidate criteria were hierarchically organized into clinical and laboratory domains. RESULTS: Phase I generated 152 candidate criteria, expanded to 261 items with the addition of subgroups and candidate criteria with potential negative weights. Using iterative item reduction techniques in Phase II, we initially reduced these items to 64 potential candidate criteria organized into ten clinical and laboratory domains. Subsequent item reduction methods resulted in 27 candidate criteria, hierarchically organized into six additive domains (laboratory, macrovascular, microvascular, obstetric, cardiac, and hematologic) for APS classification. CONCLUSION: Using data- and consensus-driven methodology, we identified twenty-seven APS candidate criteria in six clinical or laboratory domains. In the next phase, the proposed candidate criteria will be used for real-world case collection and further refined, organized, and weighted to determine an aggregate score and threshold for APS classification.

18.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148784

RESUMO

Health resource use and identification of related costs are two essential steps in health economics assessment. The elicited costs will be balanced with health outcome improvement and enable the comparison of different diagnostic procedures or therapeutic strategies from a health economic point of view. The cost typology can be disentangled in three main components, that is, direct cost related to health resource use, indirect costs related to productivity loss and sometimes intangible costs (costs related to pain and suffering). These costs can be elicited from different perspectives depending on the general aim of the assessment: payer, societal perspective or patient perspective. Practically, the first step corresponds to the quantification of health resource use, that is, number of consultations, biological or imaging workups, hospitalisation, dispensed medication units or days on sick leave. It can be done by specific self-questionnaires or by access to insurance health databases. The second step is then to value each health resource use item, based on available public databases-either produced by insurance entities or statistics institute-providing the unit costs for each item. Importantly, substantial variability does exist in the costing exercise, requiring accepting a certain uncertainty around cost estimates. This can be taken into account by sensitivity analyses, which capture in what extent measurement error can impact cost assessment, depending on different hypotheses or assumptions. One essential element of health economic assessment is the identification of costs incurred by or associated with a specific health condition for a study on the economic burden of a disease-cost-of-illness study-or with a given diagnostic or therapeutic intervention in the context of health technology assessment in which these costs are compared with the alternative reference strategy-cost-effectiveness study.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...