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1.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(11): 1875-1882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522232

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of digital ulcers (DUs) in daily life of systemic sclerosis (SSc) Spanish patients. We developed a multicenter observational study to compare functional disability in SSc patients with active DUs vs. those without DUs. An additional correlation between perception of patients and physicians on disability due to DUs was performed. A total of 199 patients were enrolled, 70 (35%) with DUs. Patients with DUs were younger (48 vs. 58 years; p < 0.001) and had more frequently the diffuse subtype of SSc (45 vs. 24%; p = 0.004) than patients without DUs. Patients with DUs showed significantly higher scores in the Cochin Hand Function Scale overall (p < 0.002) and for each of its five dimensions. They also showed higher scores in the Systemic Sclerosis Health Assessment Questionnaire items related to hand function such as, dress and self-care (p < 0.013), eat (p < 0.013) and grip (p < 0.03), and higher Visual Analogic Scale scores for pain (p < 0.013), trouble related with Raynaud's Phenomenon (p < 0.001) and sense of severity (p < 0.004). Impact on daily activities was significantly higher in patients with DUs (p = 0.002), with a non-significant trend to experience higher impact on work productivity (p = 0.07). A high correlation was found between DUs patients and physicians opinion on the impact of DUs (daily life: Pearson R = 0.86; work productivity: Pearson R = 0.87). Study findings show an impaired hand function and increased disability for daily life activities and work productivity in SSc patients with DUs compared with patients without DUs in Spanish population.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 41-48, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767873

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical features and survival of patients with positive anti-RNA polymerase III (anti-RNAP III) in a Spanish single centre. METHODS: We analysed 221 patients with SSc according to LeRoy and Medsger criteria. Twenty-six patients with positivity for anti-RNAP III antibodies were compared with 195 negative patients. Epidemiological, clinical, immunological features and survival were analysed. RESULTS: In patients with anti-RNAP III positivity diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) subset was the most prevalent (20, 76.9% vs. 35, 17.9%, p < 0.001), with shorter diagnosis delay (4.11 ± 7.34 years vs. 6.77 ± 9.22 years, p = 0.005). Patients with anti-RNAP III antibodies had higher frequency of arterial hypertension (13, 50% vs. 55, 28.2%, p = 0.024), scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) (3, 11.5% vs. 3, 1.5%, p = 0.023), arthritis (9, 34.6% vs. 35, 17.9%, p = 0.046), tendon friction rubs (4, 15.4% vs. 1, 0.5%, p = 0.001) and contractures (5, 19.2% vs. 10, 5.1%, p = 0.02). There were no differences found in the presence of cancer or in global survival. In the multivariate survival analysis, severe interstitial lung disease (ILD) (HR: 8.61, 95%CI 3.40 - 21.81), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (HR: 4.05, 95%CI 1.42 - 11.61) and SRC (HR: 17.27, 95%CI 3.36 - 88.97) were the only factors associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort anti-RNAP III antibodies are related with dcSSc subset, shorter diagnostic delay and higher prevalence of musculoskeletal involvement, arterial hypertension and SRC. ILD, PAH and SRC were independent prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Espanha
3.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Monotherapy is an option as first-line therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, combination therapy is a beneficial alternative. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of monotherapy versus combination therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated PAH. METHODS: All patients with SSc-associated PAH from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) were reviewed. Patients were split into 3 groups: monotherapy versus sequential combination versus upfront combination therapy. The primary endpoint was death from any cause at 1, 3, and 5 years from PAH diagnosis. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients (4.2%) out of 1817 had SSc-related PAH. Thirty-four patients (45%) were receiving monotherapy [endothelin receptor antagonist (n = 22; 29%) or phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (n = 12; 16%)], 25 (33%) sequential combination, and 17 (22%) upfront combination therapy. A lower forced vital capacity/DLCO in the sequential combination group was reported (2.9 ± 1.1 vs 1.8 ± 0.4 vs 2.3 ± 0.8; p = 0.085) and also a higher mean pulmonary arterial pressure in combination groups (37.2 ± 8.7 mmHg vs 40.8 ± 8.8 vs 46 ± 15.9; p = 0.026) at baseline. Treatment regimen (p = 0.017) and functional class (p = 0.007) were found to be independent predictors of mortality. Sequential combination therapy was found to be an independent protective factor (HR 0.11, 95% CI 0.03-0.51; p = 0.004), while upfront combination therapy showed a trend (HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.23-1.97; p = 0.476). Survival from PAH diagnosis among monotherapy, sequential, and upfront combination groups was 78% versus 95.8% versus 94.1% at 1 year, 40.7% versus 81.5% versus 51.8% at 3 years, and 31.6% versus 56.5% versus 34.5% at 5 years (p = 0.007), respectively. Side effects were not significantly different among groups. CONCLUSION: Combination sequential therapy improved survival in our cohort.

4.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(4): 1117-1124, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535994

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to evaluate the pulmonary hypertension (PH) data for Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), define the PH types and determine the associated factors. METHOD: Descriptive study of PH-related data from the multicentre RESCLE registry. Estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (esPAP), measured via echocardiogram was considered elevated if ≥ 35 mmHg. Left heart disease (LHD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) were identified. When performed, data from right heart catheterisation (RHC) were collected. RESULTS: esPAP was elevated in 350 of 808 patients (43.3%). One hundred and forty-four patients (17.8%) were considered to have PH (88 via RHC and the rest due to elevated esPAP along with evidence of significant LHD or ILD): PAH 3.7%, secondary to ILD 8.3%, secondary to LHD 2.8% and unclassified 3%. Prevalence of elevated esPAP was greater in diffuse SSc (dSSc) than in limited scleroderma (lSSc) (50.5 vs. 42.2%, p 0.046). In the group with elevated esPAP, a lower prevalence of anti-centromere antibodies (41.9% vs. 52.3%, p 0.006) and a greater prevalence of anti-topoisomerase-1 antibodies (ATA) (25.1% vs. 18.6%, p 0.04) were observed compared to the group with normal esPAP. Patients with elevated esPAP had a lower rate of digital ulcers (50.6% vs. 60.2%, p 0.007) and esophageal involvement (83.6% vs. 88.7%, p 0.07) and higher rate of renal crisis (4.6% vs. 1.8%, p 0.066). CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of PAH was lower than expected (3.7%). Probability of having elevated esPAP was higher among patients with dSSc and among those with ATA.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Centrômero/imunologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 281, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine whether lung involvement is related to microvascular perturbations, nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) was performed in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was consecutively accomplished in 152 SSc patients. NVC, a pulmonary function test and echocardiography were undergone within a 3-month period. Finally, 134 patients with at least eight NVC (200× magnification) images were selected for quantitative and qualitative examinations. RESULTS: Patients with interstitial lung disease presented lower median capillary density (4.86/mm vs 5.88/mm, p = 0.005) and higher median of neoangiogenesis (0.56/mm vs 0.31/mm, p = 0.005). A higher quantity of neoangiogenesis capillaries was found in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (0.70/mm vs 0.33/mm, p = 0.008). Multivariate linear regression analysis established a correlation between neoangiogenesis and decreased forced vital capacity (FVC) (p < 0.001): for each capillary with neoangiogenesis visualized on average per 1 mm, FVC was 7.3% reduced. In qualitative NVC, a late pattern as defined by Cutolo was also associated with lower FVC (p = 0.018). The number of giant capillaries was associated with reduced diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (p = 0.016); for each giant capillary per 1 mm, DLCO was 11.8% diminished. CONCLUSIONS: A good correlation was observed between distinctive quantitative and qualitative NVC features with lung functional parameters such as FVC and DLCO. It is suggested that vasculopathy could play a role in SSc lung involvement.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Capilares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Lesão Pulmonar/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
6.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(4): 999-1009, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214548

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to determine the importance of the mode of onset as prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), a nationwide retrospective multicenter database created in 2006. As first symptom, we included Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), cutaneous sclerosis, arthralgia/arthritis, puffy hands, interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and digestive hypomotility. A total of 1625 patients were recruited. One thousand three hundred forty-two patients (83%) presented with RP as first symptom and 283 patients (17%) did not. Survival from first symptom in those patients with RP mode of onset was higher at any time than those with onset as non-Raynaud's phenomenon: 97 vs. 90% at 5 years, 93 vs. 82% at 10 years, 83 vs. 62% at 20 years, and 71 vs. 50% at 30 years (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, factors related to mortality were older age at onset, male gender, dcSSc subset, ILD, PAH, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), heart involvement, and the mode of onset with non-Raynaud's phenomenon, especially in the form of puffy hands or pulmonary involvement. The mode of onset should be considered an independent prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis and, in particular, patients who initially present with non-Raynaud's phenomenon may be considered of poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas
7.
Joint Bone Spine ; 85(1): 79-84, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28408277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lung transplantation (LT) has been proposed as a treatment for advanced interstitial lung disease (ILD) and/or pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated to systemic sclerosis (SSc) but few studies have been reported. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features, complications and survival of a single-center cohort of patients with SSc that underwent LT and to compare their survival with a group of non-SSc transplanted patients. METHODS: Fifteen patients with SSc were transplanted between May 2005 and April 2015. Standard international criteria were used to determine eligibility for LT. The severity of gastroesophageal involvement was not considered as a major contraindication if symptoms were under control. RESULTS: Eight (53.3%) patients had diffuse cutaneous SSc. Eleven (73%) underwent bilateral LT. The main indication for LT was ILD, with or associated PH in 4 cases. Acute cellular rejection and infections were the most frequent complications. Functional lung tests tended to keep stable after transplantation. Median survival was 2.4 years (Q1-Q3: 0.7-3.7 years). We did not find differences in survival between patients transplanted with SSc versus those transplanted due to non-SSc ILD or PH. SSc complications were scarce with no patient developing PH after LT. CONCLUSIONS: LT was an effective treatment for advanced ILD and/or PH associated to SSc in our study. Gastroesophageal reflux was not a limitation for LT in SSc in this study. Complications and survival did not differ from non-SSc patients undergoing LT.

8.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 849-857, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and causes of hepatobiliary involvement (HBI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc), to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SSc patients with HBI (SSc-HBI) and without HBI (SSc-non-HBI), and to compare both groups according to the cutaneous SSc subsets. METHODS: In all, 1572 SSc patients were collected in the RESCLE registry up to January 2015, and all hepatobiliary disturbances were recorded. We investigated the HBI-related characteristics and survival from the entire SSc cohort and according to the following cutaneous subsets: diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1572, 118 (7.5%) patients had HBI. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) was largely the main cause (n = 67, 4.3%), followed by autoimmune hepatitis (n = 19, 1.2%), and anti-mitochondrial negative PBC (n = 6, 0.4%). Other causes of HBI were as follows: secondary liver diseases (n = 11, 0.7%), SSc-related HBI (n = 7, 0.4%), nodular regenerative hyperplasia (n = 3, 0.2%), liver cirrhosis (n = 3, 0.2%), and HBI of unknown origin (n = 2, 0.1%). In multivariate analysis, HBI was independently associated to lesser risk of dcSSc (5.1% vs. 24.4%), and higher frequency of calcinosis (26% vs. 18%), left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (46% vs. 27%), sicca syndrome (51% vs. 29%), and anti-centromere antibodies (ACA, 73% vs. 44%). According to the cutaneous subsets, HBI was associated (1) in lcSSc, to longer time from SSc onset to diagnosis (10.8 ± 12.5 vs. 7.2 ± 9.3 years), sicca syndrome (54% vs. 33%), and ACA (80% vs. 56%); (2) in ssSSc, to sicca syndrome (44% vs. 19%), and (3) in dcSSc, no associations were found. HBI was the cause of death in 2.3% patients but the cumulative survival according to the presence or absence of HBI showed no differences. CONCLUSIONS: HBI prevalence in SSc is 7.5% and dcSSc is the least involved subset. PBC is the main cause of HBI. Patients with SSc-HBI exhibited specific clinical and immunologic profile. Survival is similar for SSc patients with HBI.


Assuntos
Colangite/etiologia , Hepatite Autoimune/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Colangite/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/mortalidade , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 89-97, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The low overall prevalence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and the low proportion of male patients have resulted in a scarcity of studies assessing sex differences in Ssc patients, and contradictory results have often been show among those studies that have been performed. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with the Spanish RESCLE register to analyse the influence of gender on survival of SSc patients. RESULTS: In total, 1506 SSc patients (1341 women, 165 men) were recruited from 21 centres. Older age at onset (OR 1.02), shorter time from onset to diagnosis (OR 0.96), smoking (OR 2.57), interstitial lung disease (ILD) (OR 1.58), less predisposition to sicca syndrome and to antinuclear antibody positivity (OR 0.29 and 0.43, respectively), and higher compliance with the ACR 1980 criteria (OR 1.79) were independently associated with the male sex. During follow-up, 30.4% of men versus 14.6% of women died (p<0.001). Survival at 10 years from the onset of symptoms was 75.3% for men and 92.9% for women (p<0.001), and the difference remained after selecting only SSc-related deaths (85.6% vs. 96.1%, p<0.001). The mortality predictive factors were diffuse SSc (OR 2.26), ILD (OR 1.82), digital ulcers (OR 1.38), tendon friction rubs (OR 1.74), male sex (OR 1.53), increased age at onset (OR 1.13) and isolated PH (considering only deaths from diagnosis), both in the overall (OR 3.63) and female cohorts (OR 3.97). The same risk factors were observed in the male cohort, except for isolated PH and ILD. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirms the existence of epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and prognostic gender differences in systemic sclerosis patients.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Caracteres Sexuais
10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 98-105, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical manifestations and prognosis of Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to their immunological profile. METHODS: From the Spanish Scleroderma Study Group or RESCLE (Registro de ESCLErodermia as Spanish nomenclature) Registry we selected those patients in which anti-centromere (ACA), anti-topoisomerase I (ATA), and anti-RNA polymerase III (ARA) antibodies had been determined, and a single positivity for each SSc specific antibody was detected. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and survival data were compared according to the serologic status of these antibodies. RESULTS: Overall, 209 SSc patients were included. In 128 (61%) patients ACA was the only positive antibody, 46 (22%) were only positive for ATA, and 35 (17%) for ARA. Of note, the three groups were mutually exclusive. In univariate analysis, patients with ACA presented more frequently limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) (p<0.001), whereas diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) was the most frequent subtype in patients with ATA (54%) and ARA (62%) (both p<0.001). Positive patients for ARA showed the highest prevalence of joint involvement (p<0.001) and those from ATA group had a higher prevalence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) (p<0.001). Scleroderma renal crisis was more frequent in the ARA group (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, ACA were associated with female gender and were protective for dcSSc and ILD. ATA were found to be protective for lcSSc and they were independently associated with interstitial reticular pattern. ARA positivity was independently associated with dcSSc. We did not find differences in mortality between the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: In Spanish SSc patients, the presence of SSc specific antibodies conferred a distinctive clinical profile.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/análise , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Centrômero/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade
11.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 135, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28615037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one of the most relevant causes of death in systemic sclerosis. The aims of this study were to analyse the recently published DETECT algorithm comparing it with European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society (ESC/ERS) 2009 guidelines: as screening of PAH; (2) identifying median pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ≥21 mmHg; and (3) determining any group of pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: Eighty-three patients fulfilling LeRoy's systemic sclerosis diagnostic criteria with at least right heart catheterization were studied retrospectively. Clinical data, serological biomarkers, echocardiographic and hemodynamic features were collected. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: According to right heart catheterization findings, 35 patients with PAH and 28 with no PH met the standards for DETECT algorithm analysis: 27.0% of patients presented with functional class III/IV. Applying DETECT, the sensitivity was 100%, specificity 42.9%, the positive predictive value 68.6% and the negative predictive value 100%, whereas employing the ESC/ERS guidelines these were 91.4%, 85.7%, 88.9% and 89.3%, respectively. There were no missed diagnoses of PAH using DETECT compared with three patients missed (8.5%) using ESC/ERS guidelines. The DETECT algorithm also showed greater sensitivity and negative predictive value to identify patients with mPAP ≥21 mmHg or with any type of PH. CONCLUSIONS: The DETECT algorithm is confirmed as an excellent screening method due to its high sensitivity and negative predictive value, minimizing missed diagnosis of PAH. DETECT would be accurate either for early diagnosis of borderline mPAP or any group of PH.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Autoimmun Rev ; 16(8): 796-802, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28564618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: According to the existence of subclinical organ involvement pre-scleroderma should be divided into two subsets: very early and early disease. Pre-scleroderma patients included in the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) Cohort were reclassified into subsets. Differences were evaluated and the risk of progression to definite systemic sclerosis was estimated. METHODS: The characteristics of very early and early SSc patients were compared. A logistic regression model was used to determine the risk factors of progression. RESULTS: 1632 patients were included, 36 (2.2%) in the very early subset and 111 (6.8%) in the early subset. There were no differences in sex, age at disease onset, duration of Raynaud's phenomenon, antinuclear antibodies or capillaroscopic findings. Three (8.3%) very early SSc patients evolved to definite SSc, 2 (5.6%) of them meeting the ACR/EULAR 2013 criteria, unlike 31 (28%) early SSc patients, 20 (24%) of them meeting the criteria (p=0.034). Digestive involvement was an independent risk factor of progression (OR 17; 95% CI, 6.1-47.2). CONCLUSIONS: The classification of early forms of scleroderma identifies patients with different prognostic risk of progression. The evolution to definite SSc is more frequent in early than in very early SSc patients. Digestive involvement is a risk factor of progression. An active assessment of organ damage in preclinical stages allows a correct classification and risk stratification, with implications for monitoring and treatment.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/epidemiologia , Doença de Raynaud/imunologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Autoimmun Rev ; 16(5): 461-468, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28285170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Emerging data have shown an increased risk of malignancy among patients diagnosed with systemic sclerosis (SSc) so identification of risk factors linking both disorders might have prognostic implications. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and treatment-related risk factors for cancer in a single-center cohort of patients with SSc. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, capillaroscopic, immunological and treatment-related data from 432 consecutive SSc patients were retrospectively analyzed. Variables that reached significant association in the univariate analysis were entered into a logistic regression in order to identify independent risk factors for cancer. RESULTS: Malignancy was diagnosed in 53 patients (12.2%). Fifty-eight neoplasms were identified, among which breast (n=15), lung (n=10) and hematologic (n=9) malignancies were the most prevalent. In 19 patients the diagnosis of both scleroderma and tumour was made in <3years apart. Cancer significantly decreased the probability of survival (OR=2.61; 95%CI 1.46-4.69; p=0.001). No association with age, sex, smoking, cutaneous subset or RNA polymerase-III antibodies was found. However, risk of cancer was directly associated with the presence of anti-PM/Scl antibodies (OR=3.90; 95%CI 1.31-11.61; p=0.014), and inversely related to aspirin use (OR=0.33; 95%CI 0.12-0.90; p=0.031), which remained as independent risk factors for cancer on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: PM/Scl antibodies seem to be associated with a higher risk of cancer in scleroderma. In contrast, the use of aspirin is related to a lower risk of cancer in our series. More studies are needed to ascertain the role of anti PM/Scl antibodies and aspirin in the development of malignancy among patients with SSc.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
15.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 53(3): 120-127, mar. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161797

RESUMO

Introducción. La enfermedad pulmonar intersticial (EPI) es una de las principales causas de muerte en los pacientes con esclerosis sistémica (ES). En este estudio se investigaron biomarcadores en el aire exhalado (AE) y en el condensado de aire exhalado (CAE) y se analizó su posible papel como factores pronóstico de la EPI en pacientes con ES. Métodos. Se analizó prospectivamente la fracción exhalada de óxido nítrico (FeNO) y el monóxido de carbono exhalado (COe) en AE, y se determinaron los valores de pH, nitritos, nitratos e interleucina-6 en CAE, en 35 pacientes con ES. La tomografía computarizada de alta resolución (TACAR) torácica mostró signos de EPI en 12 pacientes, no estando presentes en los 23 restantes. En el momento de la inclusión se determinaron los biomarcadores en el AE y en el CAE, y durante los 4 años de seguimiento se efectuaron anualmente pruebas de función respiratoria. Resultados. No se observaron diferencias entre grupos en los valores iniciales de los diferentes biomarcadores. En todos los pacientes examinados los valores disminuidos de pH en CAE se asociaron con una reducción en la capacidad de difusión de monóxido de carbono (DLCO) durante el seguimiento. Valores disminuidos de FeNO se correlacionaron con una menor capacidad vital forzada (FVC) inicial y a los 4años, así como con una reducción de FVC y DLCO durante el seguimiento. En los pacientes con EPI los valores más altos de COe se correlacionaron con FVC más disminuidas al inicio. En el conjunto de la cohorte se identificó una menor supervivencia libre de progresión en los pacientes con un pH en CAE inferior a 7,88 y en los que presentaban un FeNO inferior a 10,75ppb (Log Rank: p=0,03 y p<0,01, respectivamente). Conclusiones. Los biomarcadores en el AE y en el CAE son útiles para detectar pacientes con una mayor probabilidad de presentar un deterioro de la función pulmonar durante el seguimiento de la enfermedad (AU)


Introduction. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the major causes of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). This study investigated exhaled breath (EB) and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) biomarkers in patients with SSc and analyzed their role as a prognostic tool in SSc-related ILD. Methods. Fraction exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) measured in EB, together with pH, nitrite, nitrate and interleukin-6 levels measured in EBC were prospectively analyzed in 35 patients with SSc. Twelve patients had established ILD by chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and 23 patients showed no evidence of ILD. EB and EBC biomarkers were determined at inclusion, and pulmonary function tests were annually performed during 4 years of follow-up. Results. No differences at baseline biomarkers levels were found between groups. In all patients studied, low EBC pH levels were associated with a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) during follow-up. Low FeNO levels were correlated with lower forced vital capacity (FVC) at baseline, 4years of follow-up and with a decrease in FVC and DLCO during monitoring. Among ILD patients, high eCO levels were correlated with lower baseline FVC. In the global cohort, a worse progression-free survival was identified in patients with EBC pH values lower than 7.88 and FeNO levels lower than 10.75ppb (Log Rank P=.03 and P<.01, respectively). Conclusions. EB and EBC could help to detect patients likely to present a deterioration on lung function during follow up (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Expiração , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Óxido Nítrico/administração & dosagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Biomarcadores/análise , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , /complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Análise Estatística
16.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 53(3): 120-127, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28038794

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the major causes of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). This study investigated exhaled breath (EB) and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) biomarkers in patients with SSc and analyzed their role as a prognostic tool in SSc-related ILD. METHODS: Fraction exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) measured in EB, together with pH, nitrite, nitrate and interleukin-6 levels measured in EBC were prospectively analyzed in 35 patients with SSc. Twelve patients had established ILD by chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and 23 patients showed no evidence of ILD. EB and EBC biomarkers were determined at inclusion, and pulmonary function tests were annually performed during 4 years of follow-up. RESULTS: No differences at baseline biomarkers levels were found between groups. In all patients studied, low EBC pH levels were associated with a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) during follow-up. Low FeNO levels were correlated with lower forced vital capacity (FVC) at baseline, 4years of follow-up and with a decrease in FVC and DLCO during monitoring. Among ILD patients, high eCO levels were correlated with lower baseline FVC. In the global cohort, a worse progression-free survival was identified in patients with EBC pH values lower than 7.88 and FeNO levels lower than 10.75ppb (Log Rank P=.03 and P<.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: EB and EBC could help to detect patients likely to present a deterioration on lung function during follow up.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Testes Respiratórios , Expiração , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico/análise , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(1): 75-84, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26497313

RESUMO

Cardiac involvement (CI) is a known complication of SSc associated with increased mortality. Our objective was to describe a cohort of patients with SSc and CI and to assess the differences between cutaneous subsets regarding their presentation and survival. Three hundred and ninety-three Spanish patients from a single center, diagnosed with SSc, were retrospectively studied for evidence of CI using noninvasive and invasive tests from 1976 to 2011. Clinical, epidemiological, immunological and therapeutic features of patients with CI were compared to those without it and within the different cutaneous subsets of SSc. CI was present in 173 (44 %) patients. Mitral regurgitation (67 %), conduction alterations (45 %) and left ventricle diastolic dysfunction (40 %) were the most common findings. Pericardial involvement and heart failure were more frequent in diffuse SSc (dcSSc) than in limited or sine scleroderma SSc. CI accounted for 20 % of deaths, and it was an independent mortality risk factor (HR 2.1, P = 0.02), but once CI was established, classical dcSSc mortality risk factors determined mortality. Patients with dcSSc developed CI faster than limited (HR 1.9, P = 0.003) or sine SSc patients (HR 2.5, P = 0.002), specially during the first year after SSc onset. We found statistically significant differences between the 3 SSc subsets in the presentation of pericardial involvement and heart failure. CI increased the mortality and appeared at a higher rate, especially during the first year after SSc onset. Screening for heart involvement should be performed at diagnosis and during follow-up.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(2): 200-8, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27312381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Digital ulcers (DU) are the most common vascular complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We compared the characteristics between patients with prior or current DU with those never affected and evaluated whether a history of DU may be a predictor of vascular, organ involvement, and/or death in patients with SSc. METHODS: Data from SSc patients with or without prior or current DU were collected by 19 referral centers in an ongoing registry of Spanish SSc patients, named Registro de ESCLErodermia (RESCLE). Demographics, organ involvement, autoimmunity features, nailfold capillary pattern, survival time, and causes of death were analyzed to identify DU related characteristics and survival of the entire series and according to the following cutaneous subsets-diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1326, 552 patients enrolled in the RESCLE registry had prior or current DU, 88% were women, the mean age was 50 ± 16 years, and the mean disease duration from first SSc symptom was 7.6 ± 9.6 years. Many significant differences were observed in the univariate analysis between patients with and without prior/current DU. Multivariate analysis identified that history of prior/current DU in patients with SSc was independently associated to younger age at SSc diagnosis, diffuse cutaneous SSc, peripheral vascular manifestations such Raynaud's phenomenon, telangiectasia, and acro-osteolysis but no other vascular features such as pulmonary arterial hypertension or scleroderma renal crisis. DU was also associated to calcinosis cutis, interstitial lung disease, as well as worse survival. Multivariate analysis performed in the cutaneous subsets showed that prior/current DU were independently associated: (1) in dcSSc, to younger age at SSc diagnosis, presence of telangiectasia and calcinosis and rarely a non-SSc pattern on nailfold capillaroscopy; (2) in lcSSc, to younger age at SSc diagnosis, presence of Raynaud's phenomenon as well as calcinosis cutis, interstitial lung disease, and higher incidence of death from all causes; and (3) in ssSSc, to younger age at first SSc symptom and greater incidence of death from all causes. CONCLUSIONS: Digital ulcers develop in patients with SSc younger at diagnosis, mainly in patients with dcSSc and lcSSc, and they are associated to other peripheral vascular manifestations such as Raynaud's phenomenon, telangiectasia, and acro-osteolysis but also to calcinosis, and interstitial lung disease. History of DU in SSc leads to worse survival, also noticeable for lcSSc and ssSSc subsets but not for dcSSc patients.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Úlcera Cutânea/mortalidade , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 44(3): 331-7, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25110305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to establish the clinical course of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in scleroderma related to the presence of anti-PM/Scl antibody compared with anti-Scl-70 in a Spanish cohort. Furthermore, no study has thoroughly investigated the outcome of pulmonary function test in the first group of patients. METHODS: A total of 63 Spanish patients with scleroderma and ILD were selected in a retrospective observational study. Among them, 14 were positive for anti-PM/Scl antibodies and 49 for anti-Scl-70. Clinical assessments, including pulmonary function test, were collected. Variations equal or greater than 10% in forced vital capacity (FVC) were considered significant. Progression-free survival of disease was defined as the period of stable illness since pulmonary fibrosis diagnosis. RESULTS: Anti-Scl-70 patients had a higher frequency of diffuse SSc subset, peripheral vasculopathy, and gastrointestinal involvement. Inflammatory myopathy was associated to anti-PM/Scl antibody. Anti-PM/Scl patients presented more improvement in FVC during follow-up, 30.8% compared to a 7.1% in Scl-70 group (P = 0.04), with less worsening of this parameter (15.4% vs 52.4% in Scl-70 patients, P = 0.01), and secondary less frequency of severe restrictive pattern (FVC < 50%) (7.7% compared to 42.9% in the other group, P = 0.02). Regarding treatment, more anticalcineurinics were used in anti-PM/Scl patients, while cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate were mainly used in anti-Scl-70 patients. The progression-free survival of disease was higher in anti-PM/Scl patients, with 76% at 10 years from diagnosis of ILD against a 29% in the Scl-70 group. CONCLUSIONS: Several features and prognosis of ILD in SSc may be modified depending on the identified immunological profile.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Idiotípicos/sangue , Complexo Multienzimático de Ribonucleases do Exossomo/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pulmão , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Prognóstico , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
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