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1.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(11): e1027-e1032, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262867

RESUMO

Background: Total or partial calcification of the stylohyoid chain, elongation of the stylohyoid process of the temporal bone and/or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament are usually incidental radiographic findings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of morphological and structural changes within the stylohyoid chain in 4413 digital panoramic radiographs. Material and Methods: The images were evaluated for the presence or absence of changes in the stylohyoid chain by a specialist in dentofacial radiology and the information collected comprised gender, age, side, right and left measurements and classification of the chain side elongated or calcified stylohyoid process, as well as type and pattern of right or left calcification. Results: 275 (6.2%) subjects presented alterations, mostly bilateral, in the stylohyoid chain, being 186 females (67.6%) and 89 males (32.4%), with a higher proportion elongation. Partial calcification was more prevalent than total calcification. The right side was most affected and the frequency of events increased with age. Conclusions: The findings of the present study demonstrate that the commonest alterations in the stylohyoid chain are bilateral, mainly elongation, with a clear trend to increased prevalence with increasing age, presenting a low incidence. Noneless, the clinicians must be aware of these alterations in the routinely radiographic examination. Key words:Stylohyoid process, Stylohyoid ligament calcification, Stylohyoid chain, Eagle's syndrome.

2.
BrJP ; 3(4): 381-384, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153257

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Literature has shown that behavioral and educational modalities are effective options in the treatment of chronic pain, including temporomandibular disorder, and techniques such as biofeedback have been used for single therapy or in combination for effective pain control in these individuals. Furthermore, the severity of symptoms is related to relevant prognostic factors, such as quality of life, emotional states and sleep quality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the biofeedback audiovisual technique on pain control and sleep quality in a patient with temporomandibular disorder. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 34 years old, with Temporomandibular Disorder. The DC/TMD (Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders) Axis I, diagnostic was applied, and the patient was classified with more than one subtype of temporomandibular disorders: local myalgia and myofascial pain with reference, in addition to neck pain as a comorbidity. CONCLUSION: In this case, the biofeedback treatment was effective both in reducing pain intensity and improving sleep quality.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A literatura tem demonstrado que as modalidades comportamentais e educacionais são opções efetivas no tratamento da dor crônica, inclusive da disfunção temporomandibular, e técnicas como o biofeedback vêm sendo utilizadas como terapia isolada ou em combinação para um controle efetivo da dor nesses indivíduos. Além disso, a gravidade dos sintomas tem correlação com fatores de relevância para o prognóstico, como a qualidade de vida, estados emocionais e qualidade do sono. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da técnica do biofeedback audiovisual no controle da dor e na qualidade do sono em paciente com disfunção temporomandibular muscular. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo feminino, 34 anos, com disfunção temporomandibular. O critério diagnóstico DC/TMD (Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders) Eixo I foi aplicado, sendo a paciente classificada com mais de um subtipo de disfunção temporomandibular: mialgia local e dor miofascial com referência, além de cervicalgia como comorbidade. CONCLUSÃO: No caso clínico apresentado a terapia com biofeedback foi efetiva na redução da intensidade da dor e melhoria da qualidade do sono.

3.
BrJP ; 3(2): 153-157, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132002

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Burning mouth syndrome is a dysfunctional state affecting physical, mental and social welfare, often contributing to chronic stress conditions. Despite the lack of objective data, patients experience pain-related discomfort with impact in their daily life. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of burning mouth syndrome on pain perception and quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, case-controlled study was performed on 76 individuals (38 in each group). The groups were sex- and age-matched. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire was used to assess any changes in the quality of life. The visual analog scale was used to assess pain impact and intensity, as well as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). The effect of sex and other risk factors associated with burning mouth syndrome were also associated. RESULTS: The age of participants was 41 to 85 years. The patients had a negative impact on quality of life with respect to all dimensions of OHIP-14 and PCS domains. Burning mouth syndrome patients complained about moderate (58%) or intense (42%) pain, while the control group participants experienced only mild pain by visual analog scale. The prevalence was predominant in females (a ratio of 3:1), and the most site involved was the tongue. Menopause, hormonal changes, and gastritis were identified as major risk factors. CONCLUSION: Burning mouth syndrome patients had significantly higher PCS and OHIP-14 scores for all domains, indicating an interaction between a higher burden of pain perception and worse quality of life which should therefore be adequately assessed, characterized and managed.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A síndrome de ardência bucal é um estado disfuncional que afeta o bem-estar físico, mental e social, contribuindo para condições de estresse crônico. Apesar da ausência de dados objetivos, os pacientes experimentam desconforto relacionado à dor com impacto na vida diária. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da síndrome da boca ardente na percepção da dor e na qualidade de vida. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, observacional e caso-controle em 76 indivíduos, 38 em cada grupo, pareados por gênero e idade. Foram utilizados o questionário Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) para avaliar mudanças na qualidade de vida, a escala analógica visual para o impacto e intensidade da dor e a Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). Foi avaliado também o efeito do sexo, idade e outros fatores de risco associados à síndrome de ardência bucal. RESULTADOS: A idade dos participantes foi de 41 a 85 anos. A síndrome de ardência bucal teve um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida em todas as dimensões dos domínios OHIP-14 e PCS. Cinquenta e oito por cento dos pacientes se queixaram de dor moderada e 42% de dor intensa, enquanto os controles experimentaram apenas dor leve pela escala analógica visual. A prevalência foi predominante no sexo feminino (3:1), e a língua foi o local envolvido mais comum. Menopausa, alterações hormonais e gastrite foram os maiores fatores de risco. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes com síndrome de ardência bucal apresentaram escores PCS e OHIP-14 mais altos para todos os domínios, indicando uma interação entre maior carga de percepção da dor e pior qualidade de vida, o que deve ser mais bem avaliado, caracterizado e gerenciado.

4.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(4): 417-424, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Painful temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is common among adolescents. Presence of painful comorbidities may worsen painful TMD and impact treatment effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between painful TMD and comorbidities. METHODOLOGY: In this cross-sectional study, adolescents were recruited in Montreal (Canada), Nice (France) and Arceburgo (Brazil). Reliable instruments were used to assess painful TMD and comorbidities. Multivariable logistic and linear regression analyses were conducted to assess the study aims. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported painful TMD was estimated at 31.6%; Arceburgo (31.6%), Montreal (23.4%) and Nice (31.8%). Painful TMD was more common among girls than boys (OR = 1.96). Painful TMD was associated with a higher number of comorbidities (OR = 1.77); Arceburgo (OR = 1.81), Montreal (OR = 1.80) and Nice (OR = 1.72). A stronger association was found between painful TMD and headaches (OR = 4.09) and a weaker one with stomach pain (OR = 1.40). Allergies were also related to painful TMD (OR = 1.43). CONCLUSION: Painful TMD was associated with comorbidities. Headaches were consistently associated with painful TMD. Other associations were modified by sex and/or covariates related to the cities where participants were recruited.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adolescente , Brasil , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Dor Facial , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Dor
5.
Front Neurol ; 10: 542, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191436

RESUMO

Introduction: Orofacial pain and dysfunction include a broad range of disturbances among which pain and insomnia are some of the most common complaints. Sleep strengthens physiological and psychological resilience and is an absolute requirement for health. Insomnia is a common symptom or sleep disorder, yet data on its prevalence is sparse. Here we extracted data from the insomnia severity index which was part of the web-based interdisciplinary symptom evaluation (WISE) tool given to a large sample of patients seeking care at an orofacial pain unit for analyzing insomnia prevalence in this clinical population. Material and methods: Anonymized data were available from 952 patients who consulted the Orofacial Pain Unit at the Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland between January 2017 and December 2018. Prevalence data for insomnia stratified by gender and 10 age groups (decades) were calculated. The distribution of four insomnia severity grades was determined, also stratified by age and gender. Results: 952 patients (290 men: 30.5%) with a mean age of 44.8 ± 17.4 years completed a WISE. Three hundred and fifty-two (37.0%) patients with a mean age of 45.8 ± 16.7 years positively responded to a screening question for insomnia and/or hypersomnia. Insomnia was severe in women from the 2nd to 8th decade, ranging from 4.3% (3rd decade) to 14.5% (6th decade), and moderately severe from the 2nd to 9th decade, ranging from 18.8% (6th decade) to 27.8% (2nd decade). In men, severe insomnia was present from the 3rd to 7th decade, ranging from 2.3% (7th decade) to 4.4% (4th decade) and moderately severe insomnia from the 3rd to 7th decade, ranging from 4.6% (7th decade) to 12.2% (5th decade). Conclusions: This is the first study reporting on insomnia in a large sample of patients seeking care at an orofacial pain unit. One in three patients reported some form of sleep disturbances, which for almost half of them was moderate to severe insomnia. The gender ratio was almost equal throughout adulthood, yet younger and older women were more frequently affected and experienced higher insomnia severity than men.

6.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 33(4): 389­398, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247061

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate whether an international consensus exists among TMD experts regarding indications, performance, follow-up, and effectiveness of jaw exercises. METHODS: A questionnaire with 31 statements regarding jaw exercises was constructed. Fourteen international experts with some geographic dispersion were asked to participate in this Delphi study, and all accepted. The experts were asked to respond to the statements according to a 5-item verbal Likert scale that ranged from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree." The experts could also leave free-text comments, which was encouraged. After the first round, the experts received a compilation of the other experts' earlier responses. Some statements were then rephrased and divided to clarify the essence of the statement. Subsequently, the experts were then asked to answer the questionnaire (32 statements) again for the second round. Consensus was set to 80% agreement or disagreement. RESULTS: There is consensus among TMD experts that jaw exercises are effective and can be recommended to patients with myalgia in the jaw muscles, restricted mouth opening capacity due to hyperactivity in the jaw closing muscles, and disc displacement without reduction. The patients should always be instructed in an individualized jaw exercise program and also receive both verbal advice and written information about the treatment modality. CONCLUSION: This Delphi study showed that there is an international consensus among TMD experts that jaw exercises are an effective treatment and can be recommended to patients with TMD pain and disturbed jaw function.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Mialgia
9.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 10(1): e61-e65, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29670717

RESUMO

Background: The search for the ideal, healthy and reproducible position of the condyles is of utmost importance for dental diagnosis and treatment. Thus, the objective of this laboratory cross-sectional study was to verify the relationship between the posterior joint space and the mandibular lateral movements. Material and Methods: Dental casts from 15 women and 15 men with normal mastication, 28 natural teeth and no history of temporomandibular disorders or pain, were fabricated and mounted on a fully adjustable articulator. From the maximum intercuspal position, condylar displacement was evaluated and measured on the working and nonworking sides during mandibular lateral movement, both to the right and left sides. Results: The correlation between the measures of interest was assessed with the Pearson correlation coefficient (α=.05). Condylar displacement on the working side and nonworking side condyle was 0.88±0.71 mm and 3.57±1.11 mm (right mandibular lateral movement); and 0.91±0.58 mm and 3.51±0.78mm (left mandibular lateral movement), respectively. No significant correlation in the condylar displacement between the working side condyles on the right and on the left sides was observed (r=.22; P=.248). The condylar poles of the articulator moved posteriorly, simulating the functional movements of the mandible during mastication. In all cases, condylar displacement during mandibular lateral movement both to the right and left occurred posteriorly on the working side condyle. Conclusions: The condylar poles of the articulator moved posteriorly simulating the functional movements of the mandible during mastication. Moreover, left and right working condyles may require slightly different spaces to function, suggesting minor anatomical asymmetries. Key words:Mastication, dental occlusion, prosthodontics.

10.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 22(5): 83-89, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29160348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the distribution of stress produced on TMJ disc by chincup therapy, by means of the finite element method. METHODS: a simplified three-dimensional TMJ disc model was developed by using Rhinoceros 3D software, and exported to ANSYS software. A 4.9N load was applied on the inferior surface of the model at inclinations of 30, 40, and 50 degrees to the mandibular plane (GoMe). ANSYS was used to analyze stress distribution on the TMJ disc for the different angulations, by means of finite element method. RESULTS: The results showed that the tensile and compressive stresses concentrations were higher on the inferior surface of the model. More presence of tensile stress was found in the middle-anterior region of the model and its location was not altered in the three directions of load application. There was more presence of compressive stress in the middle and mid-posterior regions, but when a 50o inclined load was applied, concentration in the middle region was prevalent. Tensile and compressive stresses intensities progressively diminished as the load was more vertically applied. CONCLUSIONS: stress induced by the chincup therapy is mainly located on the inferior surface of the model. Loads at greater angles to the mandibular plane produced distribution of stresses with lower intensity and a concentration of compressive stresses in the middle region. The simplified three-dimensional model proved useful for assessing the distribution of stresses on the TMJ disc induced by the chincup therapy.


Assuntos
Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiologia , Simulação por Computador , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
11.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(5): 83-89, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-891101

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the distribution of stress produced on TMJ disc by chincup therapy, by means of the finite element method. Methods: a simplified three-dimensional TMJ disc model was developed by using Rhinoceros 3D software, and exported to ANSYS software. A 4.9N load was applied on the inferior surface of the model at inclinations of 30, 40, and 50 degrees to the mandibular plane (GoMe). ANSYS was used to analyze stress distribution on the TMJ disc for the different angulations, by means of finite element method. Results: The results showed that the tensile and compressive stresses concentrations were higher on the inferior surface of the model. More presence of tensile stress was found in the middle-anterior region of the model and its location was not altered in the three directions of load application. There was more presence of compressive stress in the middle and mid-posterior regions, but when a 50o inclined load was applied, concentration in the middle region was prevalent. Tensile and compressive stresses intensities progressively diminished as the load was more vertically applied. Conclusions: stress induced by the chincup therapy is mainly located on the inferior surface of the model. Loads at greater angles to the mandibular plane produced distribution of stresses with lower intensity and a concentration of compressive stresses in the middle region. The simplified three-dimensional model proved useful for assessing the distribution of stresses on the TMJ disc induced by the chincup therapy.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar, por meio do método dos elementos finitos, a distribuição das tensões no disco articular produzidas pela mentoneira ortopédica. Métodos: um modelo tridimensional simplificado do disco articular foi desenvolvido com o software Rhinoceros 3D e exportado para o software ANSYS. Uma carga de 4,9 N (500 gf) foi aplicada na superfície inferior do modelo, com inclinação de 30, 40 e 50o em relação ao plano mandibular Gônio-Mentoniano (GoMe). O ANSYS analisou, por meio do método dos elementos finitos, a distribuição das tensões presentes no modelo do disco articular para as diferentes angulações. Resultados: os resultados mostraram que a concentração das tensões de tração e compressão foi maior na superfície inferior do modelo. A tensão de tração foi mais presente na região média-anterior do modelo, e sua localização não se alterou nas três direções da aplicação da carga. A tensão de compressão foi mais presente nas regiões média e média-posterior do modelo, mas quando a carga a 50o foi aplicada, ela se concentrou na região média. As intensidades das tensões de tração e compressão diminuíram progressivamente à medida que a carga foi aplicada mais verticalmente. Conclusão: as tensões induzidas pela mentoneira ortopédica se localizaram principalmente na superfície inferior do modelo. As cargas com maior angulação em relação ao plano mandibular produziram uma distribuição de tensões com menor intensidade e uma concentração da tensão de compressão na região média do modelo. Um modelo tridimensional simplificado se mostrou útil na avaliação da distribuição das tensões no disco articular induzidas pela mentoneira ortopédica.

12.
Rev. dor ; 18(1): 59-64, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-845173

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying the prevalence of suspected temporomandibular disorders in employees and students of a Brazilian university and at evaluating the influence of socio-demographic and clinical variables on this disorder. METHODS: This study had a non-probabilistic sample of 575 volunteers who were evaluated by a questionnaire proposed by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain. RESULTS: Suspected temporomandibular disorder was present in 60.87% of the population. By means of multiple logistic regression analysis, just clinical variables were associated to the presence of suspected temporomandibular disorder, such as: headache, neck pain or teethache (OR=47.60), stiff, tight or regularly tired jaws (OR=13.37), mouth opening difficulty (OR=13.55) and pain around the ears, temples or cheeks (OR=4.61). CONCLUSION: The questionnaire was effective as a pre-screening tool to identify symptoms, and results support the importance of clinical symptoms for the identification and follow up of patients with such disorders.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a prevalência de suspeita de disfunção temporomandibular em funcionários e estudantes em uma universidade no Brasil e analisar a influência das variáveis sócio-demográficas e clínicas sobre essa disfunção. MÉTODOS: Este estudo teve uma amostra não probabilística compreendendo 575 voluntários que foram avaliadas por um questionário, proposto pela Academia Americana de Dor Orofacial. RESULTADOS: A suspeita de disfunção temporomandibular estava presente em 60,87% da população. Por meio da análise de regressão logística múltipla, apenas variáveis clínicas foram associadas com a presença de suspeita de disfunção temporomandibular, como: apresentar cefaleia, dores no pescoço ou nos dentes (OR=47,60), maxilares rígidos, apertados ou cansados com regularidade (OR=13,37), dificuldade na abertura da boca (OR=13,55) e dor ao redor das orelhas, têmporas ou bochecha (OR=4,61). CONCLUSÃO: O questionário foi eficaz como um instrumento de pré-triagem no levantamento dos sintomas; e os resultados suportam o ponto forte dos sintomas clínicos na identificação e acompanhamento de indivíduos com tais lesões.

13.
J Prosthodont Res ; 61(3): 283-289, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27866879

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Due to the bite force importance in functionality of the masticatory system, this study aimed to characterize it in dolichofacial and brachyfacial individuals. METHODS: A sample comprised by 190 patients was divided into two groups: 90 severe dolichofacial, and 100 severe brachyfacial individuals classified according to the VERT index and the face height ratio (Jarabak quotient). Bite force was measured by using an adjusted digital dynamometer and proper methodology. RESULTS: The sample met the parametric assumptions and presented statistical significance when right and left sides of dolichofacial and brachyfacial individuals were compared. However, within the same group, no differences between the left and right sides were found. Generally, bite force was higher for male, left masticator, age between 41-50 years, weighing over 100kg and between 1.81 and 1.90m tall. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this cross-sectional study, it was possible to conclude that the bite force in severe brachyfacial individuals was significantly higher than in severe dolichofacial individuals, being influenced by gender, weight and height.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Estatura , Peso Corporal , Face/anatomia & histologia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dimensão Vertical , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 30(2): 134-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27128477

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the possible relationship between the orthodontic treatment of Class II malocclusion and the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: A total of 40 patients was evaluated at four time points: the day before the start of treatment employing bilateral Class II elastics (baseline), as well as at 24 hours, 1 week, and 1 month after the start of treatment. The development of TMD pain complaints in the orofacial region and changes in the range of mouth opening were assessed at these times. Shapiro-Wilk, McNemar, and Friedman tests with 5% significance level were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The treatment produced pain of a transitory, moderate intensity, but there was no significant change from baseline after 1 month. There were no restrictions in the range of jaw motion or any evidence of limitations in mouth opening. CONCLUSION: Orthodontic treatment with bilateral Class II elastics does not cause significant orofacial pain or undesirable changes in the range of mouth opening. Furthermore, this modality of orthodontic treatment was not responsible for inducing TMD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/etiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor Facial/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 66(2): 126-132, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777418

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder in elective surgery patients who underwent orotracheal intubation. METHODS: This was a longitudinal controlled study with two groups. The study group included patients who underwent orotracheal intubation and a control group. We used the American Academy of Orofacial Pain questionnaire to assess the temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms one-day postoperatively (T1), and the patients' baseline status prior to surgery (T0) was also recorded. The same questionnaire was used after three months (T2). The mouth opening amplitude was measured at T1 and T2. We considered a pvalue of less than 0.05 to be significant. RESULTS: We included 71 patients, with 38 in the study group and 33 in the control. There was no significant difference between the groups in age (study group: 66.0 [52.5-72.0]; control group: 54.0 [47.0-68.0]; p = 0.117) or in their belonging to the female gender (study group: 57.9%; control group: 63.6%; p = 0.621). At T1, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups in the incidence of mouth opening limitation (study group: 23.7% vs. control group: 18.2%;p = 0.570) or in the mouth opening amplitude (study group: 45.0 [40.0-47.0] vs. control group: 46.0 [40.0-51.0];p = 0.278). At T2 we obtained similar findings. There was no significant difference in the affirmative response to all the individual questions in the American Academy of Orofacial Pain questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: In our population, the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder of muscular origin was not different between the groups.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Determinar a incidência de sinais e sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) em pacientes de cirurgia eletiva submetidos à intubação orotraqueal. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal controlado com dois grupos. O grupo de estudo incluiu pacientes que foram submetidos à intubação orotraqueal e um grupo controle. Usamos o questionário da Academia Americana de Dor Orofacial (AAOP) para avaliar os sinais e sintomas da DTM no primeiro dia de pós-operatório (T1) e os estados basais dos pacientes antes da cirurgia (T0) também foram registrados. O mesmo questionário foi usado após três meses (T2). A amplitude da abertura bucal foi medida em T1 e T2. Consideramos um valor p inferior a 0,05 como significativo. RESULTADOS: No total, 71 pacientes foram incluídos, com 38 pacientes no grupo de estudo e 33 no grupo controle. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos quanto à idade (grupo de estudo: 66 [52,5-72]; grupo controle: 54 [47-68], p = 0,117) ou gênero feminino (grupo de estudo: 57,9%; grupo controle: 63,6%, p = 0,621). No T1, não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos quanto à incidência de limitação de abertura bucal (grupo de estudo: 23,7% vs. grupo controle: 18,2%, p = 0,570) ou amplitude de abertura bucal (grupo de estudo: 45 [40-47]vs. grupo controle: 46 [40-51], p = 0,278). Em T2, os resultados obtidos foram semelhantes. Não houve diferença significativa na resposta afirmativa a todas as perguntas individuais do questionário AAOP. CONCLUSÕES: Em nossa população, a incidência de sinais e sintomas de DTM de origem muscular não foi diferente entre os grupos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Dor Facial/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Medição da Dor , Dor Facial/etiologia , Incidência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Braz J Anesthesiol ; 66(2): 126-32, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26952219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder in elective surgery patients who underwent orotracheal intubation. METHODS: This was a longitudinal controlled study with two groups. The study group included patients who underwent orotracheal intubation and a control group. We used the American Academy of Orofacial Pain questionnaire to assess the temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms one-day postoperatively (T1), and the patients' baseline status prior to surgery (T0) was also recorded. The same questionnaire was used after three months (T2). The mouth opening amplitude was measured at T1 and T2. We considered a p value of less than 0.05 to be significant. RESULTS: We included 71 patients, with 38 in the study group and 33 in the control. There was no significant difference between the groups in age (study group: 66.0 [52.5-72.0]; control group: 54.0 [47.0-68.0]; p=0.117) or in their belonging to the female gender (study group: 57.9%; control group: 63.6%; p=0.621). At T1, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups in the incidence of mouth opening limitation (study group: 23.7% vs. CONTROL GROUP: 18.2%; p=0.570) or in the mouth opening amplitude (study group: 45.0 [40.0-47.0] vs. CONTROL GROUP: 46.0 [40.0-51.0]; p=0.278). At T2 we obtained similar findings. There was no significant difference in the affirmative response to all the individual questions in the American Academy of Orofacial Pain questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: In our population, the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder of muscular origin was not different between the groups.


Assuntos
Dor Facial/epidemiologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Dor Facial/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Rev. dor ; 17(1): 19-23, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-776639

RESUMO

RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Relacionar as variáveis biopsicossociais do Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders com os grupos de pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular, com disfunção temporomandibular e migrânea e grupo controle. MÉTODOS: Estudo do tipo observacional transversal onde foram avaliados 280 pacientes consecutivos, divididos em 3 grupos: grupo I (140 indivíduos controle); grupo II (65 indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular muscular) e grupo III (75 indivíduos com migrânea e disfunção temporomandibular muscular). Os critérios de exclusão foram indivíduos que apresentaram histórico clínico de processos inflamatórios musculares, espasmos musculares, contraturas e injúria traumática aguda na articulação temporomandibular. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos do grupo III apresentaram associação com depressão grave (p<0,0001), grau 4 na variável intensidade da dor (p=0,004), sintomas físicos não específicos sem dor intensa (p<0,0001) e sintomas físicos não específicos com dor intensa (p<0,0001). Houve diferença significativa entre os gêneros feminino e masculino no grupo III (Z=2,59; p=0,001), evidenciando maior tempo de dor no gênero feminino. A porcentagem de mulheres no grupo III foi significativamente maior em relação aos homens (p=0,004). CONCLUSÃO: A relação entre as variáveis e os três grupos mostrou maior número de indivíduos acometidos com maior intensidade de sintomas no grupo III. Dessa forma, entende-se que a migrânea é uma condição mórbida frequentemente associada à disfunção temporomandibular, potencializando os sintomas descritos pelos pacientes. Há necessidade de avaliações clínicas multidisciplinares nesses indivíduos para que o tratamento seja otimizado, minimizando a morbidade e diminuindo os custos e o número de consultas prestadas aos pacientes.


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To relate biopsychosocial variables of Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders to groups of patients with temporomandibular disorders, temporomandibular disorders and migraine and a control group. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study where 280 consecutive patients were evaluated and distributed in three groups: group I (140 control individuals); group II (65 individuals with muscle temporomandibular disorders) and group III (75 individuals with migraine and muscle temporomandibular disorders). Exclusion criteria were individuals with clinical history of muscle inflammatory processes, muscle spasms, contractures and acute temporomandibular joint traumatic injury. RESULTS: Group III individuals had association with severe depression (p<0.001), level 4 in pain severity (p=0.004), unspecific physical symptoms without severe pain (p<0.0001) and unspecific symptoms with severe pain (p<0.00001). There has been significant difference between females and males in group III (Z=2.59; p=0.001), with longer pain duration among females. The percentage of females in group III was significantly higher as compared to males (p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The relationship between variables and the three groups has shown a higher number of individuals with more severe symptoms in group III. So, it is understood that migraine is a morbid condition often associated to temporo mandibular disorders, worsening symptoms referred by patients. There is the need for multidisciplinary evaluation of these individuals to optimize treatment and minimize morbidity, costs and the number of medical visits.

18.
Rev Bras Anestesiol ; 66(2): 126-32, 2016.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25773451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder in elective surgery patients who underwent orotracheal intubation. METHODS: This was a longitudinal controlled study with two groups. The study group included patients who underwent orotracheal intubation and a control group. We used the American Academy of Orofacial Pain questionnaire to assess the temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms one-day postoperatively (T1), and the patients' baseline status prior to surgery (T0) was also recorded. The same questionnaire was used after three months (T2). The mouth opening amplitude was measured at T1 and T2. We considered a p value of less than 0.05 to be significant. RESULTS: We included 71 patients, with 38 in the study group and 33 in the control. There was no significant difference between the groups in age (study group: 66 [52.5-72]; control group: 54 [47-68]; p=0.117) or in their belonging to the female gender (study group: 57.9%; control group: 63.6%; p=0.621). At T1, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups in the incidence of mouth opening limitation (study group: 23.7% vs. CONTROL GROUP: 18.2%; p=0.570) or in the mouth opening amplitude (study group: 45 [40-47] vs. CONTROL GROUP: 46 [40-51]; p=0.278). At T2 we obtained similar findings. There was no significant difference in the affirmative response to all the individual questions in the American Academy of Orofacial Pain questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: In our population, the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder of muscular origin was not different between the groups.

19.
Rev. dor ; 16(4): 249-253, Oct.-Dec. 2015. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-767182

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Among temporomandibular disorder classifications, masticatory muscles myofascial pain is the most frequent. Its multifactorial etiology makes its treatment difficult. Identifying other painful sites related to temporomandibular disorders may help controlling comorbidities and, as a consequence, improving their symptoms. This study aimed at evaluating the presence of body pain in temporomandibular location. METHODS: We have evaluated 328 medical charts of the Dental Research Center São Leopoldo Mandic, with diagnosis of muscular temporomandibular disorder. Patients were evaluated by means of a body map to locate pain complaints. RESULTS: From 328 analyzed medical charts, 180 (55%) had body pain (160 females, 20 males), and 148 (45%) had facial pain only (116 females, 32 males). Areas with most frequent pain reports were cervical, lumbar and shoulders.Females had more body pain (with pain n=160, without pain n=116, p≤0.001) as compared to males (with pain n=20, without pain n=32) with statistical difference.In most cases pain has affected both body sides (bilateral face 67%, bilateral body 92%). CONCLUSION: Most patients with temporomandibular disorder had pain in body parts different from the face. Regions marked in human body drawings with more pain were cervical followed by lumbar and shoulders.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Dentre as classificações das disfunções temporomandibulares, as dores miofasciais nos músculos da mastigação são as mais frequentes. Sua etiologia multifatorial dificulta o tratamento. Reconhecer outros locais de dor relacionados à disfunção temporomandibular pode ajudar no controle das comorbidades e consequentemente melhorar o seu quadro. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de dor no corpo em pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular, a frequência desses relatos e sua localização. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 328 prontuários do Centro de Pesquisa Odontológica São Leopoldo Mandic, com diagnóstico de disfunção temporomandibular muscular. Os pacientes foram avaliados por meio de desenhos de mapa corporal para determinar a localização de queixas de dor. RESULTADOS: Dos 328 prontuários analisados, 180 (55%) apresentaram registro de dor pelo corpo (160 mulheres, 20 homens), e 148 (45%) apresentavam dor apenas na região da face (116 mulheres, 32 homens). As áreas com maior relato de dor foram: cervical, lombar e ombros. O gênero feminino apresentou maior frequência de dores no corpo (com dor n=160, sem dor n=116, p<0,001) que o gênero masculino (com dor n=20 e sem dor n=32) com diferença estatística. Na maior parte dos casos a dor acometeu os dois lados do corpo (face 67% bilateral e corpo 92% bilateral) CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos pacientes com diagnóstico de disfunção temporomandibular apresentou dor em outras partes do corpo além da face. A região anotada nos desenhos do corpo humano com maior acometimento da dor foi a cervical seguida da lombar e ombros.

20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 9(2): 295-300, ago. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-764044

RESUMO

The objective was to investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction ­TMD - in severe and moderate hemophiliac A and B patients and healthy men as control group. Hemophilia complication is chronic arthropathy that results from repeated joint bleeding, leading to limited movement. Limitation of jaw movement is present in patients with TMD. Hemophiliac patients were recruited in the Hemophilia outpatient clinic at Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). The control group was composed of voluntary subjects recruited among medical and dental students of UNIFESP. Both groups were screened for TMD symptoms according to the European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders questionnaire. The Research Diagnostic Criteria further evaluated those considered positive for TMD. The results showed a similar prevalence of TMD in the hemophiliac group compared to the control group (n= 38, n= 79; p= 0.7). There were no significant differences in severity of sign and symptoms between the groups. In conclusion, patients with hemophilia do not have a higher prevalence of temporomandibular disorders, indicating absence of hemorrhage in temporomandibular joint.


El objetivo fue investigar la prevalencia de trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM) entre pacientes hemofílicos A y B severos y moderados, y hombres sanos como grupo de control. Una complicación de la Hemofilia es la artropatía crónica como resultado de una hemorragia articular a repetición, limitando el movimiento en el tiempo. La limitación del movimiento de la mandíbula está presente en pacientes con TTM. Los pacientes hemofílicos fueron reclutados en la clínica de atención ambulatoria de hemofilia en Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). El grupo control estaba compuesto por sujetos voluntarios reclutados entre los estudiantes de Medicina y Odontología de UNIFESP. Ambos grupos fueron evaluados por síntomas de TTM según cuestionario de trastornos craneomandibulares de la Academia Europea. Los criterios de diagnósticos de investigación evaluados se consideraron positivos para TTM. Los resultados mostraron una prevalencia similar de TTM en el grupo de hemofílicos en comparación con el grupo control (n= 38, n= 79; p= 0,7). No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la gravedad de los signos y síntomas entre los grupos. En conclusión, los pacientes con hemofilia no tienen una mayor prevalencia de trastornos temporomandibulares, indicando la ausencia de hemorragia en la articulación temporomandibular.

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