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1.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 127: 275-284, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28412543

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the rate of major clinical events and its determinants in patients with previous cardiovascular event or not, and with or without diabetes from a middle-income country. METHODS: REACT study is a multicenter registry conducted between July 2010 and May 2013 in Brazil. Patients were eligible if they were over 45years old and high cardiovascular risk. Patients were followed for 12months; data were collected regarding adherence to evidence-based therapies and occurrence of clinical events (all-cause mortality, non-fatal cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or stroke). RESULTS: A total of 5006 subjects was included and analyzed in four groups: No diabetes and no previous cardiovascular event, n=430; diabetes and no previous cardiovascular event, n=1138; no diabetes and previous cardiovascular event, n=1747; and diabetes and previous cardiovascular event, n=1691. Major clinical events in one-year follow-up occurred in 332 patients. A previous cardiovascular event was associated with a higher risk of having another event in the follow-up (HR 2.31 95% CI 1.74-3.05, p<0.001), as did the presence of diabetes (HR 1.28 95% CI 1.10-1.73, p=0.005). In patients with diabetes,failure to reach HbA1c targetswas related topoorer event-free survival compared to patients with good metabolic control (HR 1.70 95% CI 1.01-2.84, p=0.044). CONCLUSIONS: In Brazil, diabetes confers high risk for major clinical events, but this condition is not equivalent to having a previous cardiovascular event. Moreover, not so strict targets for HbA1c in patients with diabetes and previous cardiovascular events might be considered.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Brasil , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social
2.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 127: 275-284, 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-37395

RESUMO

AIMS:The aim of this study was to determine the rate of major clinical events and its determinants in patients with previous cardiovascular event or not, and with or without diabetes from a middle-income country.METHODS:REACT study is a multicenter registry conducted between July 2010 and May 2013 in Brazil. Patients were eligible if they were over 45years old and high cardiovascular risk. Patients were followed for 12months; data were collected regarding adherence to evidence-based therapies and occurrence of clinical events (all-cause mortality, non-fatal cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or stroke). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia
3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 100(3): 212-20, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23598574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on outpatient care provided to patients at high cardiovascular risk in Brazil are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile and document the clinical practice of outpatient care in patients at high cardiovascular risk in Brazil, regarding the prescription of evidence-based therapies. METHODS: Prospective registry that documented the ambulatory clinical practice in individuals at high cardiovascular risk, which was defined as the presence of the following factors: coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases, diabetes, or those with at least three of the following factors: hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, age > 70 years, family history of coronary artery disease, chronic kidney disease or asymptomatic carotid artery disease. Basal characteristics were assessed and the rate of prescription of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 2364 consecutive patients were included, of which 52.2% were males, with a mean age of 66.0 years (± 10.1). Of these, 78.3% used antiplatelet agents, 77.0% used statins and of patients with a history of myocardial infarction, 58.0% received beta-blockers. Concomitant use of these three classes of drugs was 34%; 50.9% of hypertensive, 67% of diabetic and 25.7% of dyslipidemic patients did not achieve the goals recommended by guidelines. The main predictors of prescription therapies with proven benefit were centers with a cardiologist and history of coronary artery disease. CONCLUSION: This national and representative registry identified important gaps in the incorporation of therapies with proven benefit, offering a realistic outlook of patients at high cardiovascular risk.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Estilo de Vida , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Idoso , Brasil , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/classificação , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(3): 212-220, mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-670878

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Dados de atendimento ambulatorial ao paciente de alto risco cardiovascular no Brasil são insuficientes. OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil e documentar a prática clínica do atendimento ambulatorial de pacientes de alto risco cardiovascular no Brasil, no que diz respeito à prescrição de terapias baseadas em evidências. MÉTODOS: Registro prospectivo que documentou a prática clínica ambulatorial de indivíduos de alto risco cardiovascular, que foi definido como a presença de um dos seguintes fatores: doença arterial coronariana, cerebrovascular e vascular periférica; diabetes; ou aqueles com pelo menos três dos seguintes fatores: hipertensão arterial, tabagismo, dislipidemia, maiores 70 anos, histórico familiar de doença arterial coronariana, nefropatia crônica ou doença carotídea assintomática. Foram avaliadas características basais e a taxa de prescrição das intervenções medicamentosas e não medicamentosas. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 2.364 pacientes consecutivos, sendo 52,2% do gênero masculino, idade média de 66,0 anos (± 10,1). Dentre os pacientes incluídos, 78,3% utilizavam antiplaquetários, 77,0% estatinas e, dos pacientes com história de infarto do miocárdio, 58,0% receberam betabloqueadores. O uso concomitante destas três classes foi de 34%. Não atingiram as metas preconizadas pelas diretrizes 50,9% dos hipertensos, 67% dos diabéticos e 25,7% dos dislipidêmicos. Os principais preditores de prescrição de terapias com benefício comprovado foram centro com cardiologista e histórico de doença arterial coronariana. CONCLUSÃO: Este registro nacional e representativo identificou hiatos importantes na incorporação de terapias com benefício comprovado, oferecendo um panorama real dos pacientes de alto risco cardiovascular.


BACKGROUND: Data on outpatient care provided to patients at high cardiovascular risk in Brazil are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile and document the clinical practice of outpatient care in patients at high cardiovascular risk in Brazil, regarding the prescription of evidence-based therapies. METHODS: Prospective registry that documented the ambulatory clinical practice in individuals at high cardiovascular risk, which was defined as the presence of the following factors: coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases, diabetes, or those with at least three of the following factors: hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, age > 70 years, family history of coronary artery disease, chronic kidney disease or asymptomatic carotid artery disease. Basal characteristics were assessed and the rate of prescription of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 2364 consecutive patients were included, of which 52.2% were males, with a mean age of 66.0 years (± 10.1). Of these, 78.3% used antiplatelet agents, 77.0% used statins and of patients with a history of myocardial infarction, 58.0% received beta-blockers. Concomitant use of these three classes of drugs was 34%; 50.9% of hypertensive, 67% of diabetic and 25.7% of dyslipidemic patients did not achieve the goals recommended by guidelines. The main predictors of prescription therapies with proven benefit were centers with a cardiologist and history of coronary artery disease. CONCLUSION: This national and representative registry identified important gaps in the incorporation of therapies with proven benefit, offering a realistic outlook of patients at high cardiovascular risk.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Estilo de Vida , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Brasil , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/classificação , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 100(1): 6-13, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23370816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few registries documenting clinical practice in Brazilian patients with acute coronary syndrome. OBJECTIVES: Demography description, occurrence of major clinical adverse events and comparative analysis in patients submitted or not to an invasive strategy (coronary angiography and myocardial revascularization) in a Brazilian multicenter registry of acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: The ACCEPT/SBC registry prospectively collected data on acute coronary syndrome patients from 47 Brazilian hospitals. The current analysis reports the occurrence of major clinical outcomes and according to the performance or not of a procedure for myocardial revascularization at the end of 30 day follow-up. RESULTS: Between August 2010 and December 2011, 2.485 patients were enrolled in this registry. Of these, 31.6% had unstable angina, 34.9% and 33.4% had acute coronary syndrome without and with ST-segment elevation. At 30 days, the performance of a myocardial revascularization procedure was progressively higher according to the severity of clinical presentation (38.7% vs. 53.6% vs. 77.7%, p < 0.001). Cardiac mortality among those submitted or not to myocardial revascularization procedure was 1.0% vs. 2.3% (p = 0.268), 1.9% vs. 4.2% (p = 0.070) and 2.0% vs. 8.1% (p < 0.001), in those with unstable angina, acute coronary syndrome without and with ST-segment elevation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The prescription of a myocardial revascularization procedure was progressively more frequent according to the severity of clinical presentation; for those treated during acute coronary syndrome without and with ST-segment elevation, there was a trend and significant decrease in mortality rate at 30 day of follow-up, respectively.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(1): 6-13, jan. 2013. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-662395

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: São escassos os registros documentando a prática clínica brasileira na vigência de uma síndrome coronária aguda. OBJETIVOS: Descrição da demografia, ocorrência de desfechos graves e análise comparativa dentre aqueles que efetivaram ou não uma estratégia invasiva (cinecoronariografia e revascularização miocárdica) em um registro brasileiro multicêntrico de portadores de uma síndrome coronária aguda. MÉTODOS: O registro ACCEPT/SBC coletou prospectivamente, em 47 centros hospitalares brasileiros, pacientes na vigência de uma síndrome coronária aguda. Apresentamos a ocorrência de desfechos clínicos graves, de modo integral, e de acordo com a submissão ou não a um procedimento de revascularização do miocárdio ao final dos primeiros 30 dias de seguimento. RESULTADOS: De agosto de 2010 até dezembro de 2011, 2.485 pacientes foram incluídos neste registro. Destes, 31,6% eram portadores de angina instável e 34,9% e 33,4%, com síndrome sem e com supradesnível do segmento ST. Aos 30 dias, a submissão a procedimento de revascularização do miocárdio foi progressivamente maior de acordo com a gravidade da apresentação clínica (38,7% versus 53,6% versus 77,7%; p < 0,001). A ocorrência de mortalidade cardíaca, dentre aqueles submetidos ou não à revascularização miocárdica, foi de 1,0% versus 2,3% (p = 0,268), 1,9% versus 4,2% (p = 0,070) e 2,0% versus 8,1% (p < 0,001), angina instável, síndrome sem e com supradesnível do segmento ST, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: A prescrição de revascularização do miocárdio foi progressivamente mais frequente de acordo com a gravidade da apresentação clínica; naqueles atendidos na vigência de síndrome coronária sem e com supradesnível do segmento ST, promoveu tendência e redução significativa da mortalidade, aos 30 dias, respectivamente.


BACKGROUND: There are few registries documenting clinical practice in Brazilian patients with acute coronary syndrome. OBJECTIVES: Demography description, occurrence of major clinical adverse events and comparative analysis in patients submitted or not to an invasive strategy (coronary angiography and myocardial revascularization) in a Brazilian multicenter registry of acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: The ACCEPT/SBC registry prospectively collected data on acute coronary syndrome patients from 47 Brazilian hospitals. The current analysis reports the occurrence of major clinical outcomes and according to the performance or not of a procedure for myocardial revascularization at the end of 30 day follow-up. RESULTS: Between August 2010 and December 2011, 2.485 patients were enrolled in this registry. Of these, 31.6% had unstable angina, 34.9% and 33.4% had acute coronary syndrome without and with ST-segment elevation. At 30 days, the performance of a myocardial revascularization procedure was progressively higher according to the severity of clinical presentation (38.7% vs. 53.6% vs. 77.7%, p < 0.001). Cardiac mortality among those submitted or not to myocardial revascularization procedure was 1.0% vs. 2.3% (p = 0.268), 1.9% vs. 4.2% (p = 0.070) and 2.0% vs. 8.1% (p < 0.001), in those with unstable angina, acute coronary syndrome without and with ST-segment elevation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The prescription of a myocardial revascularization procedure was progressively more frequent according to the severity of clinical presentation; for those treated during acute coronary syndrome without and with ST-segment elevation, there was a trend and significant decrease in mortality rate at 30 day of follow-up, respectively.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Idade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Rev. bras. cardiol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 12-12, jan.-fev. 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-558411
11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 88 Suppl 1: 2-19, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17515982
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 88(supl.1): 2-19, abr. 2007. tab
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-7747
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 88(supl.1): 2-19, abr. 2007. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-451704
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