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1.
J Pediatr ; 211: 120-125.e1, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of and factors associated with the performance of antireflux surgery during the first year of life in children born with esophageal atresia. STUDY DESIGN: All patients were included in a French registry for esophageal atresia. All 38 multidisciplinary French centers completed questionnaires about perinatal characteristics and one-year outcome for children born with esophageal atresia. RESULTS: Of 835 infants with esophageal atresia born in France from 2010 to 2014, 682 patients, excluding those with long-gap esophageal atresia, were included. Three patients had type I, 669 had type III, and 10 had type IV esophageal atresia. Fifty-three children (7.8%) received fundoplication during the first year of life. The median age at the time of the end-to-end esophageal anastomosis was 1.1 day (range 0-15). Multivariate analysis identified three perioperative factors that predicted the need for early antireflux surgery: anastomotic tension (P = .004), associated malformations (P = .019), and low birth weight (P = .018). Six other factors, measured during the first year of life, were associated with the need for antireflux surgery: gastroesophageal reflux (P < .001), anastomotic stricture (P < .001), gastrostomy (P < .001), acute life-threatening event (P = .002), respiratory complications (P = .045), and poor nutritional status (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease, low birth weight, poor nutrition, and surgical anastomosis difficulties predicted the performance of antireflux surgery in the first year of life in infants with esophageal atresia.

2.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(6): 727-732, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung disease is a rare congenital disease typically requiring surgical treatment during childhood. Quality of life and social condition at adult age can be impaired by disease-specific sequelae. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the quality of life and social outcome of adult patients operated on for Hirschsprung disease during childhood. DESIGN: Patients operated on for Hirschsprung disease during childhood were identified and specific questionnaires were sent to them. SETTINGS: Data from 2 referral centers were used. PATIENTS: Patients who completed the questionnaires regarding quality of life and social condition were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Hirschsprung's Disease and Anorectal Malformations Quality of Life disease-specific questionnaire (8 dimensions explored; each scored from 0 to 100 maximum score) and a sociodemographic questionnaire were sent to identified patients. Sociodemographic data were compared with those of the French general population. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients had Hirschsprung disease (men, 76%; mean age, 32 years) were included in the study. Mean total Hirschsprung's Disease and Anorectal Malformations Quality of Life score was 611 of 800 (maximum score 800). The 2 most impaired dimensions were "physical symptoms" and "diarrhea" (62.9/100 and 73.6/100). Fecal continence was only marginally affected (mean score, 89/100). Patients with Hirschsprung disease achieved better educational levels than the French general population. Parental and marital status did not differ between the 2 groups. LIMITATIONS: This study had the limitations inherent to a retrospective study. CONCLUSION: The quality of life of adult patients with Hirschsprung disease sequelae is marginally impaired in this study. Despite the consequences of this congenital abnormality, the condition eventually achieved can be considered as satisfactory. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A917.


Assuntos
Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Condições Sociais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Doença de Hirschsprung/complicações , Doença de Hirschsprung/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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