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2.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 31(3): 030705, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658646

RESUMO

Introduction: MicroRNAs are small, non-coding RNA molecules that are becoming popular biomarkers in several diseases. However, their low abundance in serum/plasma poses a challenge in exploiting their potential in clinics. Several commercial kits are available for rapid isolation of microRNA from plasma. However, reports guiding the selection of appropriate kits to study downstream assays are scarce. Hence, we compared four commercial kits to evaluate microRNA-extraction from plasma and provided a modified protocol that further improved the superior kit's performance. Materials and methods: We compared four kits (miRNeasy Serum/Plasma, miRNeasy Mini Kit from Qiagen; RNA-isolation, and Absolutely-RNA MicroRNA Kit from Agilent technologies) for quality and quantity of microRNA isolated, extraction efficiency, and cost-effectiveness. Bioanalyzer-based Agilent Small RNA kit was used to evaluate quality and quantity of microRNA. Extraction efficiency was evaluated by detection of four endogenous control microRNA using real-time-PCR. Further, we modified the manufacturer's protocol for miRNeasy Serum/Plasma kit to improve yield. Results: miRNeasy Serum/Plasma kit outperformed the other three kits in microRNA-quality (P < 0.005) and yielded maximum microRNA-quantity. Recovery of endogenous control microRNA i.e. hsa-miR-24-3p, hsa-miR-191-5p, hsa-miR-423-5p and hsa-miR-484 was higher as well. Modification with the inclusion of a double elution step enhanced yield of microRNA extracted with miRNeasy Serum/Plasma kit significantly (P < 0.001). Conclusion: We demonstrated that miRNeasy Serum/Plasma kit outperforms other kits and can be reliably used with a limited plasma quantity. We have provided a modified microRNA-extraction protocol with improved microRNA output for downstream analyses.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Biomarcadores , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
3.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476808

RESUMO

High-sensitivity multicolour flow cytometry (MFC)-based B-lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) measurable residual disease (BMRD) assay is increasingly being used in clinical practice. Herein, we describe six consistently present low-level populations immunophenotypically mimicking abnormal B-ALL blasts in 441 BMRD samples from 301 children. These included CD19+ CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells differentiating from lymphoid precursors, CD10+ transitional B cells with CD10+ /CD38dim-to-negative/CD20bright/CD45bright phenotype, CD19+ natural killer (NK) cells, CD73bright/CD10+ mesenchymal stromal/stem cells, CD73bright/CD34+ endothelial cells, and a CD34+ CD38dim-to-negative/CD10- /CD20bright/CD45bright subset of mature B cells. We provide the proportions, comprehensive immunophenotype, and practical clues for proper identification of these low-level populations. Knowledge regarding the presence and immunophenotype of these mimics is essential for accurate interpretation in high-sensitivity MFC-BMRD analysis.

4.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 43(6): 1531-1538, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare childhood neoplasm (<5% cases), which has been categorized under myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) in the recent classification by the World Health Organization. METHODS: We developed a 51-gene (151.5kB) low-cost targeted myeloid panel based on single-molecule molecular inversion probes to comprehensively evaluate the genomic profile of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). RESULTS: A total of 50 children with clinical and pathological features of JMML were sequenced at high coverage. Among the 50 patients, 44(88%) harbored mutations in one of the RAS/MAPK-pathway genes, most frequently in NRAS (32%), followed by PTPN11 (28%) and NF1 (22%). One-fifth of children had more than one mutation, with 5 cases harboring two RAS pathway mutations. Monosomy 7 was detected in 32% (16) patients, and five of these did not harbor any RAS pathway mutations. Children with monosomy 7 showed shorter overall survival compared with their wild-type counterparts (P = .02). CONCLUSION: Our study highlights that comprehensive genomic profiling identifies at least one mutation in almost 90% of JMML patients. Performing genomic analysis at baseline might help in triaging children with JMML for allogenic stem cell transplant in resource-constrained settings.

5.
Blood Adv ; 5(17): 3436-3444, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461632

RESUMO

The expression of CD20 in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is associated with poor outcomes. The addition of rituximab to intensive chemotherapy in CD20+ ALL has led to improved outcomes in several studies. However, there is no clear evidence regarding the optimal number of doses and its benefit without an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Achieving measurable residual disease (MRD)-negative status postinduction would reduce the requirement for a transplant. Novel approaches are needed to induce a higher proportion of MRD-negative complete remission in patients with high-risk ALL. Given bortezomib's activity in relapsed ALL and its synergism with rituximab in B-cell lymphomas, the addition of bortezomib to rituximab and chemotherapy may provide an incremental benefit in CD20+ precursor B-ALL. We conducted a phase 2 study to test the activity of bortezomib and rituximab in combination with a pediatric-inspired regimen during induction therapy in newly diagnosed adolescents and adults (aged >14 years) with CD20+, Philadelphia-negative precursor B-ALL; bone marrow MRD negativity at the end of induction was the primary end point. From December 2017 through August 2019, a total of 35 patients were enrolled. End-of-induction MRD-negative status was achieved in 70.9% of patients, as opposed to 51.7% in the historical cohort treated with chemotherapy alone. MRD-negative rates improved to 87.5% post-consolidation. At a median follow-up of 21 months, event-free survival and overall survival rates were 78.8% (95% confidence interval, 66-94) and 78.7% (95% confidence interval, 65.8-94), respectively. There was no significant increase in toxicity with bortezomib and rituximab compared with the historical cohort. The incidence of neuropathy was 26% (all less than grade 3). The combination of bortezomib, rituximab, and a pediatric-inspired ALL regimen was active and well tolerated in de novo CD20+ Philadelphia-negative precursor B-ALL. This trial was registered with the Clinical Trials Registry-India as CTRI/2017/04/008393(http://ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials).


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Criança , Humanos , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos B , Rituximab
6.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus ; 37(3): 379-385, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267455

RESUMO

Introduction: Primary Mediastinal B cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a biologically and clinically distinct subset of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. We analysed the outcomes of our cohort of PMBCL patients treated with Dose adjusted (DA)-R-EPOCH regimen. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of consecutive PMBCL patients who received chemotherapy consisting of DA-R-EPOCH with filgrastim support. Survival analysis was done using Kaplan-Meier method. All calculations were performed using SPSS version 20 for windows. Results: A total of 43 consecutive suspected PMBCL patients were reviewed for this study, 6 patients were excluded as diagnosis of PMBCL could not be established. All patients except one (97.3%) received 6 cycles of R-DA-EPOCH regimen. Median age of the patients was 27 years (range 15-58). Bulky disease (> 7 cm) was present in 97% patients and 54% patients had extranodal disease. With a median follow up of 40 months, 3-year overall survival was 80.6% (95% CI: 74.0-87.2). The 3-year event free survival was 78.4% (95% CI: 71.6-85.2). There were 6 (16.2%) relapses, 1 (2.7%) primary progression and 7 (23%) deaths. Mediastinal radiotherapy was administered to 17 (45.9%) patients. All the deaths were due to disease progression. Grade III/IV toxicities were seen in 28 (75.7%) patients, febrile neutropenia being the most common one. Conclusions: DA-R-EPOCH regimen is an effective and tolerable regimen in PMBCL patients even with adverse features.

7.
J Pathol Inform ; 12: 3, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34012707

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the widespread adoption of digital pathology (DP) for primary diagnosis in surgical pathology. This paradigm shift is likely to influence how we function routinely in the postpandemic era. We present learnings from early adoption of DP for a live digital sign-out from home in a risk-mitigated environment. Materials and Methods: We aimed to validate DP for remote reporting from home in a real-time environment and evaluate the parameters influencing the efficiency of a digital workflow. Eighteen pathologists prospectively validated DP for remote use on 567 biopsy cases including 616 individual parts from 7 subspecialties over a duration from March 21, 2020, to June 30, 2020. The slides were digitized using Roche Ventana DP200 whole-slide scanner and reported from respective homes in a risk-mitigated environment. Results: Following re-review of glass slides, there was no major discordance and 1.2% (n = 7/567) minor discordance. The deferral rate was 4.5%. All pathologists reported from their respective homes from laptops with an average network speed of 20 megabits per second. Conclusion: We successfully validated and adopted a digital workflow for remote reporting with available resources and were able to provide our patients, an undisrupted access to subspecialty expertise during these unprecedented times.

8.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 64(2): 302-309, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851624

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder manifesting as multiple lymphadenopathy, multiorgan involvement, and inflammatory symptoms. This study aims at highlighting some unique features of MCD in Indian patients. Materials and Methods: These 17 patients from review of 78 cases of Castleman's disease (CD) diagnosed. Besides routine tissue sections were stained for Human Herpes Virus 8 latency associated nuclear antigen (HHV8-LANA) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Epstein Barr virus latent membrane protein (EBV-LMP) or Epstein Barr Virus by in situ hybridization (EBER-ISH). Result: The cases included Plasma cell variant (11 cases), mixed MCD (4 cases) and two concurrent MCD with large B cell lymphoma in HIV positive patients. Median age of disease onset was 47 years and female predominance was seen. Out of 15 MCD uncomplicated by lymphoma, 5 had POEMS (Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, myeloma protein, skin changes) and one also had TAFRO (Thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, marrow reticulin fibrosis, organomegaly, normal or slightly elevated immunoglobulin) syndrome. Out of 10 MCD without lymphoma, 2 cases showed few EBV positive large cells, both have features of POEMS. All 17 MCD cases were negative for HHV8-LANA IHC. Two HIV patients with MCD had large cell lymphoma, intrasinusoidal pattern, of which one was EBV positive. Though four relapses were seen, none died from disease. One of the two patients complicated by lymphoma died from disease. Conclusion: Indian patients with MCD show female preponderance and are negative for HHV8 but show EBV positive cells. This makes a case for role of EBV in etiopathogenesis of MCD in India.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/diagnóstico , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Herpesvirus Humano 8/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome POEMS/complicações , Síndrome POEMS/patologia , Plasmócitos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
9.
Leukemia ; 35(5): 1392-1404, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558666

RESUMO

We accrued 201 patients of adult AML treated with conventional therapy, in morphological remission, and evaluated MRD using sensitive error-corrected next generation sequencing (NGS-MRD) and multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM-MRD) at the end of induction (PI) and consolidation (PC). Nearly 71% of patients were PI NGS-MRD+ and 40.9% PC NGS-MRD+ (median VAF 0.76%). NGS-MRD+ patients had a significantly higher cumulative incidence of relapse (p = 0.003), inferior overall survival (p = 0.001) and relapse free survival (p < 0.001) as compared to NGS-MRD- patients. NGS-MRD was predictive of inferior outcome in intermediate cytogenetic risk and demonstrated potential in favorable cytogenetic risk AML. PI NGS-MRD- patients had a significantly improved survival as compared to patients who became NGS-MRD- subsequently indicating that kinetics of NGS-MRD clearance was of paramount importance. NGS-MRD identified over 80% of cases identified by flow cytometry at PI time point whereas FCM identified 49.3% identified by NGS. Only a fraction of cases were NGS-MRD- but FCM-MRD+. NGS-MRD provided additional information of the risk of relapse when compared to FCM-MRD. We demonstrate a widely applicable, scalable NGS-MRD approach that is clinically informative and synergistic to FCM-MRD in AML treated with conventional therapies. Maximum clinical utility may be leveraged by combining FCM and NGS-MRD modalities.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Recidiva , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 43(5): 990-999, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432783

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many new markers are being evaluated to increase the sensitivity and applicability of multicolor flow cytometry (MFC)-based measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring. However, most of the studies are limited to childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL), and reports in adult B-ALL are extremely scarce and limited to small cohorts. We studied the expression of CD304/neuropilin-1 in a large cohort of adult B-ALL patients and evaluated its practical utility in MFC-based MRD analysis. METHODS: CD304 was studied in blasts from adult B-ALL patients and normal precursor B cells (NPBC) from non-B-ALL bone marrow samples using MFC. CD304 expression intensity and pattern were studied with normalized-mean fluorescent intensity (nMFI) and coefficient of variation of immunofluorescence (CVIF), respectively. MFC-based MRD was performed at end of induction (EOI; day-35), end of consolidation (EOC; day 78-80), and subsequent follow-up (SFU) time points. RESULTS: CD304 was positive in 120/214(56.07%) and was significantly associated with BCR-ABL1 fusion (P = .001). EOI-MRD and EOC-MRD were positive in 129/214(60.3%) and 50/81(61.72%), respectively. CD304 was positive in a significant percentage of EOI (48%, 62/129) and EOC (52%, 26/50) MRD-positive B-ALL samples. Its expression was retained, lost, and gained in 73.7%, 26.3%, and 11.3% of EOI-MRD and 85.7%, 14.3%, and none of EOC-MRD samples, respectively. Low-level MRD (<0.01%) was detectable in 34 of all (EOI + EOC + SFU = 189) MRD-positive samples, and CD304 was found useful in 50% of these samples. CONCLUSION: CD304 is commonly expressed in adult B-ALL and clearly distinguish B-ALL blasts from normal precursor B cells. It is a stable MRD marker and distinctly useful in the detection of MFC-based MRD monitoring, especially in high-sensitivity MRD assay.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neuropilina-1/análise , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 100(4): 421-433, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812702

RESUMO

Measurable/minimal residual disease (MRD) status has been suggested as a powerful indicator of clinical-outcome in T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL). Multicolor flow cytometric (MFC)-based T-ALL MRD reports are limited and traditionally based on the utilization of markers-of-immaturity like TdT and CD99. Moreover, studies demonstrating the multicolor flow cytometric (MFC) approach for the assessment of T-ALL MRD are sparse. Herein, we describe an 11-marker, 10-color MFC-based T-ALL MRD method using an "approach of exclusion." METHODS: The study included 269 childhood T-ALL patients treated with a modified-MCP841 protocol. An 11-marker, 10-color MFC-based MRD was performed in bone marrow (BM) samples at the end-of-induction (EOI) and end-of-consolidation (EOC) time-points using Kaluza-version-1.3 software. RESULTS: We studied EOI-MRD in 269 and EOC-MRD in 105 childhood T-ALL patients. EOI-MRD was detectable in 125 (46.5%) samples (median, 0.3%; range, 0.0007-66.3%), and EOC-MRD was detectable in 34/105 (32.4%) samples (median, 0.055%; range, 0.0008-27.6%). Leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) found useful for MRD assessment were dual-negative CD4/CD8 (40.9%), dual-positive CD4/CD8 (23.3%) and only CD4 or CD8 expression (35.8%); dim/subset/dim-negative surface-CD3 (39%), dim/subset/dim-negative/negative CD5 (28.3%), dim/dim-negative/negative/heterogeneous CD45 (44.7%) and co-expression of CD5/CD56 (7.5%). EOI-MRD-positive status was found to be the most-relevant independent factor in the prediction of inferior relapse-free and overall survival. CONCLUSION: We described an 11-marker 10-color MFC-based highly sensitive MRD assay in T-ALL using an approach of exclusion. The addition of CD4 and CD8 to the pan-T-cell markers in a 10-color assay is highly useful in T-ALL MRD assessment and extends its applicability to almost all T-ALL patients.

12.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 100(3): 331-344, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738100

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Myeloid neoplasm with blasts showing mast cell (MC)-differentiation and MC-component less than 10% of all nucleated cells but not fulfilling the criteria for systemic mastocytosis with associated hematological neoplasm (SM-AHN) or myelomastocytic leukemia (MML) has not been described in the literature. Herein, we report a study of diverse myeloid malignancies with blasts showing MC-differentiation but not meeting the criteria for SM-AHN or MML. We also evaluated the utility of flow-cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) in the characterization of immature-MCs (iMCs). METHODS: We identified nine patients of myeloid neoplasms and studied their morphological, FCI, immunohistochemistry, cytogenetic and molecular characteristics. We also compared the immunophenotypic features of MCs from patient samples with control samples. RESULTS: The study included patients with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (n = 4), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (n = 1), and chronic myeloid leukemia on follow-up (n = 4) showing MC differentiation in leukemic-blasts. These patients had mildly increased MCs (range, 0.5%-3%) in bone-marrow morphology, including immature-forms and did not meet the criteria for either SM-AHN or MML. On FCI, iMCs were positive for bright-CD117, heterogeneous-CD34, dim-to-negative-HLADR, and moderate-CD203c expression. Expression-levels of CD123 and CD38 were higher (p < 0.001) but CD33 and CD45 were lower in iMCs compared to mature-MC from control samples (p = 0.019 and p = 0.0037). CONCLUSION: We reported a rare finding of MC differentiation of leukemic blasts in diverse myeloid neoplasms and proposed it as a potential pre-myelomastocytic leukemia condition. We described the distinct immunophenotypic signature of immature-MCs using commonly used markers and highlighted the utility of FCI for the diagnosis of this entity.

13.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 100(3): 345-351, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inconclusive knowledge persists regarding the course of chronic myeloid leukemia-chronic phase (CML-CP) patients with detectable abnormal blasts by flow-cytometry at diagnosis. The 2016 WHO classification is not specific regarding sub-classification of CML with <10% abnormal B-lymphoid blasts (ABLB), and suggests these patients often show rapid progression. We report the clinical course of pediatric CML-CP patients who had detectable abnormal blasts by flow-cytometry at baseline. METHODS: Retrospective audit of all pediatric CML patients between January 2013 and December 2017 were included. Their clinical presentation, demographic profile, and treatment outcomes were extracted from electronic medical records. Some of these patients got flow-cytometry done by default, though it was not a routine part of diagnostic CML marrow studies. RESULTS: Amongst 65 pediatric CML patients, flow-cytometry at initial diagnosis was available in 15 (CP-12; AP-3). Of the 12 CML-CP patients, 10 (83%) had abnormal flow-cytometric findings-5 (50%) with mixed lineage blasts (4-B/Myeloid, 1-B/T/Myeloid), and myeloid lineage blasts in the remaining 5 (50%). At a median follow-up of 26 months (range: 9-34 months), 3/5 patients with ABLB at diagnosis progressed to frank blast crisis (2 B-cell; 1 Mixed lineage). None among the five patients with diagnostic myeloid-alone aberrant blasts progressed to blast crisis. Imatinib resistant mutation was also found in 3/5 (60%) CML-CP patients with these ABLB at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Although a retrospective study with limited sample size, presence of ABLB detected on flow-cytometry in CML-CP patients, had a noticeable early conversion to CML-BC in our cohort. Incorporation of flow-cytometry in diagnostic work-up can provide useful insight regarding the behavior of pediatric CML-CP patients and guide therapy.

14.
J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol ; 10(5): 581-587, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090916

RESUMO

Purpose: There is lack of consensus on management of adolescent and young adult (AYA) Hodgkin lymphoma with respect to chemotherapy approach (adult or pediatric). Hence we sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine and Dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy in AYA Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients and Methods: It is a retrospective, observational, single-center study. From January 2013 to December 2016, all consecutive patients with AYA (15-25 years, all stages) were analyzed. The primary endpoint of the study was event-free survival (EFS). Secondary endpoints were complete response rates (CR) and overall survival (OS). Results: A total of 220 patients (70% men) with median age 20 years were evaluated. A significant proportion of patients had adverse features such as stage III/IV disease (63%), bulky disease (63%), extranodal involvement (37%), and marrow involvement (22%). After two cycles and end of therapy, 77% patients achieved complete response. Primary progressive disease was seen in 6% patients. With a median follow-up of 2.6 years, 19 (8.6%) patients relapsed, 1 patient developed second malignancy, and 6 patients died. Three-year EFS and OS were 81.3% and 97%, respectively. Bleomycin-induced lung injury was seen in 16% patients. On multivariate analysis stage at presentation, bone marrow involvement, partial response at interim positron emission tomography and International prognosis score (IPS) >3 were predictors of poor EFS. Conclusion: ABVD is an effective and safe regimen in AYA Hodgkin lymphoma. Advanced disease with high IPS (>3) score needs an early escalation approach to escBEACOPP regimen.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Criança , Ciclofosfamida , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 100(2): 206-217, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865882

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In 2016, Children Oncology Group (COG) described a new high-risk subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a distinct immunophenotypic-signature, RAM-phenotype (RAM-AML). Data on clinical and laboratory features of RAM-AML are still limited to COG report only. Herein, we report the clinicopathological characteristics and detailed immunophenotypic features of RAM-AML patients. In COG report, 38% of RAM-AML belonged to acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL)-subtype. Hence, we further compared the immunophenotypic features RAM-AML with non-RAM-AMKL diagnosed during the same study period. METHODS: We included RAM-AML and non-RAM AMKL patients diagnosed between January 2017 and December 2019. We studied their morphological, cytochemical, immunophenotyping, cytogenetic, and molecular characteristics. Mean fluorescent intensity (MFI) and expression-pattern of immunophenotypic markers of RAM-AML were compared with non-RAM AMKLs patients. RESULTS: We identified 11 RAM-AML (1%) and 21 non-RAM AMKL (1.9%) patients in 1102 pediatric-AML patients. Seven of 11 (63.64%) patients belonged to FAB-M7-subtype. CD56, CD117, and CD33 demonstrated overexpression, whereas CD45 and CD38 showed under-expression in RAM-AML patients. CD36 was consistently negative in RAM-AML, whereas moderate-bright positive in non-RAM AMKLs patients (p < 0.0001). On principle component analysis, addition of CD36 enhanced the visual-separation between RAM-AML and non-RAM AMKL clusters. Cytogenetic and molecular studies did not show any recurrent abnormality; however, RNA-sequencing study revealed CBFA2T3-GLIS2-fusion in three of seven (42.8%) RAM-AML patients. CONCLUSION: We report the clinicopathological characteristics and the detailed immunophenotypic profile in the world's second series of RAM-AML patients. We further report a novel finding of CD36-negative expression as an additional parameter to the multidimensional immunophenotypic signature of this entity.

17.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 100(4): 434-445, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896101

RESUMO

Accurate knowledge of expression patterns/levels of commonly used MRD markers in regenerative normal-B-cell-precursors (BCP) is highly desirable to distinguish leukemic-blasts from regenerative-BCP for multicolor flow cytometry (MFC)-based measurable residual disease (MRD) assessment in B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). However, the data highlighting therapy-related immunophenotypic-shift in regenerative-BCPs is scarce and limited to small cohort. Herein, we report the in-depth evaluation of immunophenotypic shift in regenerative-BCPs from a large cohort of BALL-MRD samples. Ten-color MFC-MRD analysis was performed in pediatric-BALL at the end-of-induction (EOI), end-of-consolidation (EOC), and subsequent-follow-up (SFU) time-points. We studied normalized-mean fluorescent intensity (nMFI) and coefficient-of-variation of immunofluorescence (CVIF) of CD10, CD19, CD20, CD34, CD38, and CD45 expression in regenerative-BCP (early, BCP1 and late, BCP2) from 200 BALL-MRD samples, and compared them with BCP from 15 regenerating control (RC) TALL-MRD samples and 20 treatment-naïve bone-marrow control (TNSC) samples. Regenerative-BCP1 showed downregulation in CD10 and CD34 expression with increased CVIF and reduced nMFI (p < 0.001), upregulation of CD20 with increased nMFI (p = 0.014) and heterogeneous CD45 expression with increased CVIF (p < 0.001). Immunophenotypic shift was less pronounced in the BCP2 compared to BCP1 compartment with increased CVIF in all but CD45 (p < 0.05) and reduced nMFI only in CD45 expression (p = 0.005). Downregulation of CD10/CD34 and upregulation of CD20 was higher at EOI than EOC and SFU time-points (p < 0.001). Regenerative-BCPs are characterized by the significant immunophenotypic shift in commonly used B-ALL-MRD markers, especially CD10 and CD34 expression, as compared to treatment-naïve BCPs. Therefore, the templates/database for BMRD analysis must be developed using regenerative-BCP.

18.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(11): e28682, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even though rituximab has emerged as standard of care for the management of high-risk pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL), its safety in children from the low-middle-income countries (LMICs) remains to be proven. We herein report our experience of using rituximab in children with BL. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with BL between January 2015 and December 2017 were treated in a risk-stratified manner with either the modified MCP-842 or modified LMB protocol. Patients with poor response to MCP-842 were switched to the LMB-salvage regimen. In addition, rituximab was given to selected high-risk patients. RESULT: Forty-two (49.4%) of 85 patients with BL received rituximab. The incidence of febrile neutropenia (90.5% vs 67.4%; P = 0.02), pneumonia (38.1% vs 11.6%; P = 0.005), intensive care unit admissions (54.5% vs 17.6%; P = 0.002), and toxic deaths (26.2% vs 9.3%; P = 0.04) was higher among BL patients who received rituximab. Pneumonia was fatal in 11 of 16 (69%) patients who received rituximab. On multivariate analysis, rituximab continued to be significantly associated with toxic deaths ( OR: 11.45 [95% CI: 1.87-70.07; P = 0.008]). The addition of rituximab to intensive chemotherapy resulted in an inferior one-year event-free survival (49.4% ± 8.1% vs 79.3% ± 6.5%; P = 0.025) and one-year overall survival (63.1% ± 8.5% vs 91.8% ± 4.5%; P = 0.007) with no improvement in one-year relapse-free survival (78.3% ± 7.3% vs 83.9% ± 6.0%; P = 0.817). CONCLUSION: Rituximab was associated with increased toxicities and toxic deaths in our patients. The potential immunomodulatory effect of rituximab and increased susceptibility to infections in patients from LMICs have to be carefully considered while choosing this drug in the treatment of BL in resource-constrained settings.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Int J Hematol ; 112(6): 835-840, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876851

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization regimens in multiple myeloma typically use filgrastim (GCSF) alone or combination of GCSF with plerixafor or high-dose cyclophosphamide. Murine model and human studies have shown HSPC mobilization potential of bortezomib. A total of 37 patients underwent mobilization using bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 on day 1, 4, 8 and 11, cyclophosphamide 1 g/m2 on day 8 and 9, and GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 10 (B-Cy-GCSF). This regimen was compared with our earlier cohort of patients where cyclophosphamide was given at dose of 1 g/m2 on day 1 and day 2 followed by GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 4 (Cy-GCSF). In B-Cy-GCSF group, median CD34 cells collected were 9.21 × 106/kg (range 4.95-17.1) while in the Cy-GCSF cohort, the median CD34 cell yield was 8.2 × 106/kg (0.4-24.2). Target CD34 cells yield of 5 × 106/kg was achieved with single apheresis in 58.6% of patients after B-Cy-GCSF mobilization as compared to 44.3% in Cy-GCSF group (p = 0.07). Three patients failed mobilization after Cy-GCSF, while no patients failed mobilization in bortezomib group. Addition of bortezomib to Cy-GCSF mobilization showed a trend towards increased CD34 collection and reduced need for apheresis sessions.


Assuntos
Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Remoção de Componentes Sanguíneos , Feminino , Filgrastim/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(5): 808-816, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893896

RESUMO

The high expression of brain and acute leukemia, cytoplasmic (BAALC) and ETS-related gene (ERG) has been reported to influence the outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but due to limited prospective studies, their role as prognostic factors is unclear. At diagnosis, the prognostic value of BAALC and ERG expression with respect to other cytogenetic and molecular markers was analyzed in 149 AML patients. Patients were divided into quartiles which resulted in the formation of four groups (G1-G4) based on expression values of BAALC and ERG and clinical response defined across groups. Groups with similar survival probabilities were merged together and categorized subsequently as high versus low expressers. Patients with high BAALC and ERG expression had significantly lower overall survival (OS; BAALC: p = 0.001 at 5 years 29.4% vs. 69.8%; ERG: p < 0.0001 at 5 years 4% vs. 50.4%) and disease-free survival (BAALC: p = 0.001 at 5 years 19.5% vs. 69.8%; ERG: p < 0.0001 at 5 years 4.2% vs. 47%). Patients were further stratified combining BAALC and ERG expression in an integrative prognostic risk score (IPRS). After a median follow-up of 54 months (95% CI 45-63 months) among survivors, IPRS for high versus low expressers was a significant predictor for OS (BAALC + ERG: 4% vs. 71.6%, p < 0.0001) and DFS (BAALC + ERG: 4.5% vs. 74.1%, p < 0.0001). In a multivariate model, IPRS of BAALC + ERG expression retained prognostic significance for OS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.96, 95%CI 1.91-4.59, p < 0.001) and DFS (HR 3.61, 95%CI 2.26-5.76, p < 0.001).


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Regulador Transcricional ERG/genética , Adulto Jovem
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