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1.
Breast ; 60: 177-184, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young (≤40 years) breast cancers (YBC) are uncommon, inadequately represented in trials and have unique concerns and merit studying. METHODS: The YBC treated with a curative intent between 2015 and 2016 at our institute were analysed. RESULTS: There were 1228 patients with a median age of 36 (12-40) years; 38 (3.1%) had Stage I, 455 (37.1%) - II, 692 (56.3%) -III, and remaining 43 (3.5%) Stage IV (oligo-metastatic) disease; 927 (75.5%) were node positive; 422 (34.4%) were Triple negatives (TNBC), 331 (27%) were HER-2 positive. There were 549 (48.2%) breast conservations and 591 (51.8%) mastectomies of which 62 (10.4%) underwent breast reconstruction. 1143 women received chemotherapy, 617 (53.9%) received as neoadjuvant and 142 (23.1%) had pathological complete response; 934 (81.9%) received adjuvant radiotherapy. At the median follow-up of 48 (0-131) months, 5-year overall and disease-free survival was 79.6% (76.8-82.5) and 59.1% (55.8-62.6). For stage I, II, III and IV, the 5-year overall-survival was 100%, 86.7% (82.8-90.6), 77.3% (73.4-81.2), 69.7% (52.5-86.9) and disease-free survival was 94% (85.9-100), 65.9% (60.3-71.5), 55% (50.5-59.5), and 29.6% (14-45.2) respectively. On multivariate analysis, TNBC and HER-2+ subgroups had poorer survival (p = 0.0035). 25 patients had BRCA mutations with a 5-year DFS of 65.1% (95% CI:43.6-86.6). Fertility preservation was administered in 104 (8.5%) patients; seven women conceived and 5 had live births. Significant postmenopausal symptoms were present in 153 (13%) patients. CONCLUSION: More than half of the YBC in India were diagnosed at an advanced stage with aggressive features leading to suboptimal outcomes. Awareness via national registry and early diagnosis is highly warranted. Menopausal symptoms and fertility issues are prevalent and demand special focus.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253722, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is scant data from India on efficacy and safety of palbociclib and ribociclib in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This retrospective, observational, single institution study included patients with estrogen and/or progesterone receptor positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative metastatic breast cancers, who received palbociclib or ribociclib with any partner endocrine therapy in any line of treatment between January 2016 and June 2019. Data were analyzed for progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. RESULTS: The study included 101 female patients with median age of 57 (IQR 48-62) years, of whom 80 (79.2%) were postmenopausal, 79 (78.2%) received palbociclib or ribociclib in second- or later-line treatment, 59 (58.4%) received fulvestrant and 41 (40.6%) received an aromatase inhibitor. In first-line treatment, at a median follow-up of 21.7 (0.5-41.9) months, median PFS and OS were 21.1 (95%CI 16.36-not estimable) months and not reached, respectively. In second- or later-line setting, at a median follow-up of 17.2 (0.5-43.7) months, median PFS and OS were 5.98 (95%CI 4.96-7.89) months and 20.2 (95%CI 14.1-not estimable) months, respectively. Grade 3-4 neutropenia and febrile neutropenia were seen in 45 (45.0%) and 9 (9.0%) patients, respectively while dose reduction was required in 32 (31.7%) patients. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, first-line setting (HR 0.49, 95%CI 0.25-0.97, p = 0.043) and ECOG performance status 1 (HR 0.43, 95%CI 0.20-0.91, p = 0.028) were significantly associated with PFS while only ECOG PS 1 was significantly associated (HR 0.04, 95%CI 0.008-0.206, p = 0.000) with OS. CONCLUSION: Palbociclib and ribociclib, when used in routine clinical practice in first or subsequent lines of treatment, resulted in efficacy and toxicity outcomes in concordance with those expected from pivotal trials.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Purinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Idoso , Aminopiridinas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Purinas/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e047376, 2021 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187825

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: The Cancer Aging Research Group (CARG) toxicity score is used to assess toxicity risk in geriatric patients receiving chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to validate the CARG score in geriatric patients treated with curative intent chemotherapy in predicting grade 3-5 toxicities. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal prospective observational study. SETTING: Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India, a tertiary cancer care referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Patients, aged ≥65 years, with gastrointestinal, breast or gynaecological stage I-III cancers being planned for curative intent chemotherapy. A total of 270 patients were required for accrual in the study. EXPOSURES: Total risk score ranged from 0 (lowest toxicity risk) to 19 (highest toxicity risk). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary endpoint of the study was to evaluate whether the CARG risk score predicted for grade 3-5 toxicities. RESULTS: The study cohort of 270 patients had a mean age of 69 (65-83) years, with the most common cancers being gastrointestinal (79%). Fifty-two per cent of patients had atleast one grade 3-5 toxicity. The risk of toxicity was increased with an increasing risk score (42% low risk, 51% medium risk and 79% high risk; p<0.001). There was no association between either Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (p=0.69) or age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (p=0.79) risk categories and grade 3-5 chemotherapy toxicities. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study validates the CARG risk score in predicting for grade 3-5 toxicities in geriatric oncology patients receiving curative intent chemotherapy and can be considered as the standard of care before planning chemotherapy in every elderly patient. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CTRI/2016/10/007357; Results.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Índia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
4.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; 12(Suppl 1): 103-110, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994735

RESUMO

Large-scale molecular profiling and DNA sequencing has revolutionized cancer research. Precision medicine is a rapidly developing area in cancer care but it is not uniformly applied across different tumor types. Biomarker-based therapy is associated with improved outcomes, both in terms of progression-free survival and overall survival. Comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) uses next-generation sequencing to analyze the complete coding sequence of hundreds of genes from a small amount of tissue. Genes included in these assays are those associated with cancer development or have diagnostic, prognostic, familial, or therapeutic implications Genomic profiling is emerging as a clinically viable tool to personalize patient's treatment. This article discusses how the insights gained through CGP can impact treatment plan in common gynecological cancers.

5.
Indian J Cancer ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753616

RESUMO

Background: There is limited access to 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab in resource-constrained settings. Most randomized studies have failed to prove non-inferiority of shorter durations of adjuvant trastuzumab compared to 1 year However, shorter durations are often used when 1 year is not financially viable. We report the outcomes with 12 weeks of trastuzumab administered as part of curative-intent treatment. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of patients treated at Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, a tertiary care cancer center in India. Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2)-positive early or locally advanced breast cancer who received 12 weeks of adjuvant or neoadjuvant trastuzumab with paclitaxel and four cycles of an anthracycline-based regimen in either sequence, through a patient assistance program between January 2011 and December 2012, were analyzed for disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. Results: A total of 102 patients were analyzed with a data cutoff in September 2019. The median follow-up was 72 months (range 6-90 months), the median age was 46 (24-65) years, 51 (50%) were postmenopausal, 37 (36%) were hormone receptor-positive, and 61 (60%) had stage-III disease. There were 37 DFS events and 26 had OS events. The 5-year DFS was 66% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 56-75%) and the OS was 76% (95% CI 67-85%), respectively. Cardiac dysfunction developed in 11 (10.7%) patients. Conclusion: The use of neoadjuvant or adjuvant 12-week trastuzumab-paclitaxel in sequence with four anthracycline-based regimens resulted in acceptable long-term outcomes in a group of patients, most of whom had advanced-stage nonmetastatic breast cancer.

6.
Breast ; 56: 88-95, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy associated breast cancer (PABC) is a rare entity and defined as breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy or one-year post-partum. There is sparse data especially from low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and merits exploration. METHODS: The study (2013-2020) evaluated demographics, treatment patterns and outcomes of PABC. RESULTS: There were 104 patients, median age of 31 years; 43 (41%) had triple-negative disease, 31(29.8%) had hormone-receptor (HR) positive and HER2 negative, 14 (13.5%) had HER2-positive and HR negative and 16(15.4%) had triple positive disease. 101(97%) had IDC grade III tumors and 74% had delayed diagnosis. 72% presented with early stage (24, EBC) or locally advanced breast cancer (53, LABC) and received either neoadjuvant (n = 49) or adjuvant (n = 26) chemotherapy and surgery. Trastuzumab, tamoxifen, and radiotherapy were administered post-delivery. At a median follow up of 27 (IQR:19-35) months, the estimated 3-year event-free survival (EFS) for EBC and LABC was 82% (95% CI: 65.2-100) and 56% (95% CI: 42-75.6%) and for metastatic 24% (95% CI: 10.1%-58.5%) respectively. Of the 104 patients, 34 were diagnosed antepartum (AP) and 15 had termination, 2 had preterm and 16 had full-term deliveries(FTDs). Among postpartum cohort (n = 70), 2 had termination, 1 had preterm, 67 had FTDs. 83(including 17 from AP) children from both cohorts were experiencing normal milestones. CONCLUSION: Data from the first Indian PABC registry showed that the majority had delayed diagnosis and aggressive features(TNBC, higher grade). Treatment was feasible in majority and stage matched outcomes were comparable to non-PABCs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Mastectomia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/patologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/terapia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2 , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(3): 255, 2021 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326258
8.
Indian J Palliat Care ; 26(Suppl 1): S126-S129, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088102

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has evolved into a pandemic of unheard proportions. Given the havoc wreaked by this pathogen worldwide, many countries have adopted an extreme, legally enforced method of social distancing, in the form of a lockdown. Unless appropriate preventive steps are taken, the cost of the pandemic and ensuing lockdown may prove to be irreparable. The evident implications of this lockdown, such as the escalating levels of unemployment, impending economic collapse, and severe food shortage faced by the sudden unemployed migrant labor population, have been widely reported. Cancer patients are a particularly vulnerable group even during nonpandemic times, often presenting late in the course of their disease, without the resources needed to avail recommended treatment. The prevalence of psychiatric complications and emotional distress is significantly higher than in the general population, and the trauma of both the pandemic and subsequent lockdown adds significantly to their mental trauma. This review is aimed toward addressing the problems faced by cancer patients in the face of this pandemic and subsequent lockdown, with a glimpse into possible solutions that can be implemented.

9.
Cancer Med ; 9(23): 8747-8753, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on outcomes in cancer patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from lower middle-income countries (LMICs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an observational study, conducted between 12 April and 10 June 2020 at Tata Memorial centre, Mumbai, in cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy with laboratory confirmed COVID-19. The objectives were to evaluate cumulative 30-day all-cause mortality, COVID-19 attributable mortality, factors predicting mortality, and time to viral negativity after initial diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 24 660 footfalls and 7043 patients evaluated, 230 patients on active systemic therapy with a median age of 42 (1-75) years were included. COVID-19 infection severity, as per WHO criteria, was mild, moderate, and severe in 195 (85%), 11 (5%), and 24 (11%) patients, respectively. Twenty-three patients (10%) expired during follow-up, with COVID-19 attributable mortality seen in 15 patients (6.5%). There were no mortalities in the pediatric cohort of 31 (14%) patients. Advanced stage cancer being treated with palliative intent vs others [30-day mortality 24%% vs 5%, odds ratio (OR) 5.6, 95% CI 2.28-13.78, P < .001], uncontrolled cancer status vs controlled cancer (30-day mortality37.5%% vs 4%%, OR 14, 95% CI 4.46-44.16, P < .001) and severe COVID-19 vs mild COVID-19 (30-day mortality 71% vs 3%, OR 92.29, 95% CI 26.43-322.21, P < .001) were significantly associated with mortality. The median time to SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR negativity was 17 days [interquartile range (IQR)17-28) in the cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality rates in cancer patients with COVID-19 who are receiving systemic anti-cancer therapy in LMICSs are marginally higher than that reported in unselected COVID-19 cohorts with prolonged time to viral negativity in a substantial number of patients. The pediatric cancer patients tended to have favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Obstet Gynaecol India ; 70(5): 371-375, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041555

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in Indian women. There is scant data from Indian hospital-based populations on the prevalence of risk factors of this disease. We performed this study to quantify and analyze various epidemiological risk factors in Indian breast cancer patients. Methods: This was a multicenter collaborative study wherein breast cancer patients older than 18 years were served a structured questionnaire after informed consent. Patients or their relatives were required to fill out the questionnaire and those who were unable to read and write were excluded. Data were abstracted from case record forms and variables were descriptively analyzed. Results: Between January 2015 and February 2016, 800 patients were screened, of whom 736 patients with a mean age of 50.13 years were enrolled in the study. The mean number of pregnancies was 2.75 (0-11), the number (percentage) of women who had breastfed for more than 6 months was 628 (85.3) and 406 (55.1%) patients were post-menopausal at the time of breast cancer diagnosis. Of the enrolled patients, 91 (12.8%) had history of exposure to passive smoke, 13 (1.8%) had partners who were heavy smokers, 27 (3.7%) had history of oral contraceptive use, 4 (0.5%) had history of hormone replacement therapy, and 103 (14%) had undergone hysterectomy with oophorectomy. Conclusion: Our study contributes to the descriptive prevalence of some known risk factors in Indian breast cancer patients.

11.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(8): e2011777, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833018

RESUMO

Importance: The optimum duration of adjuvant trastuzumab among patients with early breast cancer is uncertain but of great therapeutic relevance. Objective: To compare shorter durations with 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab for patients with early breast cancer. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, and conference proceedings were searched from January 1, 2005, to June 30, 2019, for relevant randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Study Selection: To be eligible, the trial had to be randomized, compare a shorter duration with 1 year of trastuzumab as adjuvant treatment, and include patients with early breast cancer. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Individual patient data for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were extracted from published survival curves of included RCTs; DFS and OS curves for each trial and the combined population were reconstructed. The DFS and OS hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated from the reconstructed survival curves as well as published estimates. The HR for DFS was used to test noninferiority using the median noninferiority margin of eligible RCTs. This study followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses reporting guideline. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was DFS; OS and cardiac toxic effects were secondary outcomes. Results: There were 6 eligible RCTs with a median DFS noninferiority margin of 1.3 (range, 1.15-1.53), 5 of which had extractable individual patient data for 11 376 patients, 1659 DFS events, and 871 deaths. For shorter duration vs 1 year of trastuzumab, the 5-year DFS was 85.42% (95% CI, 84.41%-86.38%) vs 87.12% (95% CI, 86.15%-88.02%) (HR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.03-1.25, 1-sided P for noninferiority = .004), and OS was 92.39% (95% CI, 91.61%-93.10%) vs 93.46% (95% CI, 92.73%-94.13%) (HR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.02-1.33). Using trial-level published estimates from 6 RCTs, including 11 603 patients, 1760 DFS events, and 930 deaths, the HR for DFS was 1.15 (95% CI, 1.04-1.26; 1-sided P for noninferiority = .002) and, for OS, 1.17 (95% CI, 1.03-1.33). There was significantly less risk of congestive heart failure with shorter-duration trastuzumab (relative risk, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.38-0.74). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, a shorter duration of adjuvant trastuzumab was noninferior to its 1-year administration and resulted in lower rates of cardiac toxic effects. These results suggest that a shorter duration may be the preferred option for patients with low-risk disease or a predisposition to cardiac toxic effects.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Gynecol Oncol ; 159(2): 359-364, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE(S): The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors affecting survival of cervical cancer patients presenting with lower third vaginal involvement. MATERIALS/METHODS: The patients with histologically proven invasive cervical cancer with clinical FIGO-2009 stage IIIA and IIIB with lower one-third vaginal involvement, treated with radio (chemo) therapy between 2010 and 2016 at our institution were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: There were 118 cervical cancer patients with lower third vaginal involvement with median age of 56.5 years (Range: 33-77 years). Forty-five patients were of FIGO stage IIIA, 73 patients staged as stage IIIB at diagnosis with predominant squamous histology. At a median follow up of 30 months, 12 patients (10.1%) developed local vaginal recurrences and 4 patients (3.3%) had developed loco regional recurrences, 27 patients (23%) developed distant and 2 patients developed loco-regional and distant relapses. The 3- year DFS and OS rates were 61.5% and 69.8% respectively. The 3-year DFS and OS of patients with IIIA was significantly better than IIIB patients (71% vs 56%, p: 0.02 and 76% vs 66%, p: 0.01 respectively) on univariate analysis. Concurrent chemotherapy and absence of persistent disease emerged as independent predictors of survival on multi-variate analysis. CONCLUSION: The outcome of patients with FIGO IIIA is better than IIIB with lower vaginal involvement. Elderly patients, patients not receiving concomitant chemotherapy and presence of residual disease at BT are associated with poorer outcomes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Vagina/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Braquiterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
13.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 108(5): 1248-1256, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In 2018, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) proposed a new staging for cervical cancer. The present study was designed to reclassify patients with locally advanced cervix cancer and perform a comparative evaluation with FIGO 2009. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (stage IB2-IVA) who had baseline cross-sectional imaging and received (chemo-) radiation and brachytherapy were included. Survival outcomes were analyzed according to FIGO 2009. Patients were then reclassified according to FIGO 2018, and TNM classification outcomes were analyzed. FIGO stage and known prognostic factors were included in univariate analysis, and multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the prognostic value of clinical stage. RESULTS: Six hundred thirty-two patients were included. Overall, 185 (29.3%) patients had pelvic adenopathy, and 51 (8.2%) had positive paraortic nodes. At a median follow-up of 33 months, 116 (18.3%) patients had recurrence. Three-year disease-free survival (DFS) according to FIGO 2009 for stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, and IVA was 86%, 91%, 76%, 57%, 65%, and 61%, respectively. The 3-year DFS after restaging according to FIGO 2018 for stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, IIIC1, IIIC2, and IVA was 100%, 93%, 84%, 53%, 77%, 74%, 61%, and 61%, respectively. Patients with clinically significant lymphadenopathy had inferior outcomes compared with node-negative patients (62.9% vs 77.8%; P = .002). Patients with ≥3 paraortic nodes had poorer DFS than patients with <3 paraortic lymphadenopathy (13.6% vs 56.3%; P = .001). Furthermore, patients with primary tumor volume >30 cm3 had worse 3-year DFS than those with primary tumor volume ≤30 cm3 (67.4% vs 78.5%; P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: FIGO 2018 modification is associated with heterogenous outcomes in node-positive patients that are affected by primary tumor and nodal volume. We propose a modification to the existing TNM staging system to allow more robust classification of outcomes.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Braquiterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Feminino , Ginecologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Obstetrícia , Pelve , Prognóstico , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/classificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
14.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 3(2): e1217, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the primary treatment strategies for advanced epithelial ovarian cancers includes neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS) and adjuvant chemotherapy. Compliance to treatment is important to possibly improve outcomes. AIM: To audit treatment compliance and its effect on overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) in women undergoing IDS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Women diagnosed with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer undergoing IDS were included. Details of compliance to chemotherapy and surgery as per standard guidelines were assessed, and correlation with survival was studied. Reasons for protocol deviation at various levels were documented and analysed. A total of 182 patients were included. The total number of deviations was 134 with deviation at any level being 89 (48.9%) and at all levels 5%. Both patient- and treatment-related factors contributed towards deviation. Deviation or noncompliance towards treatment resulted in a significantly reduced 5-year OS (34.4% vs 58.2%; P = .001) compared with compliant patients, which retained its significance on multivariate analysis (P = .024) as well. CONCLUSION: Deviation from treatment guidelines resulted in a significantly lower 5-year OS compared with those who remained treatment compliant. Both patient- and treatment-related factors contributed towards noncompliance and hence towards lower survival.

15.
Indian J Cancer ; 57(2): 144-157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445317

RESUMO

A histopathology report offers important prognostic and predictive information that helps plan systemic therapy in breast cancer. However, in many cases a pathologist fails to provide relevant information chiefly due to the lack of awareness of the impact of these parameters in clinical decision-making. This review seeks to put forth common practice points in grossing and reporting of specimens harboring breast cancer with focus on latest revisions in the same. Just as it is important to document tumor size, tumor type, margins, estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor (ER/PR/HER2) in breast cancer, we need to also focus on sentinel node grossing, nodal burden, size of nodal metastasis, and extranodal extension. In parallel, increasing number of patients are getting neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer and points in grossing and reporting of such specimens are also alluded to. This article will serve as reference guide to pathologists on what we do and why we do the same.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Notificação de Doenças/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Feminino , Humanos
16.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 6: 542-547, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228315

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Women with recurrent, multiply-treated epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) have unfavorable prognosis with limited treatment options after failure of platinum-based regimens. We report here a retrospective analysis of women with recurrent, platinum-resistant EOC treated with an oral regimen of pazopanib and cyclophosphamide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with recurrent platinum-resistant or -refractory EOC were treated with pazopanib (600 mg orally daily in 2 divided doses, 400 and 200 mg) and cyclophosphamide (50 mg orally daily for 21 days every 28 days) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. RESULTS: Twenty patients (17 with platinum-resistant and 3 with platinum-refractory disease) were treated between April 2014 and April 2018. Patients had a median age of 52 years (range, 40-60 years) and median of 4 previous lines of chemotherapy (range, 2-8 previous lines), including 3 patients with progressive disease on bevacizumab. Patients received a median of 6 cycles (range, 2-48 cycles) of pazopanib and cyclophosphamide, with best responses of partial response in 9 patients (45%, including 1 of 3 patients treated previously with bevacizumab), stable disease in 6 patients (30%), and disease progression in 5 patients (25%). The median progression-free survival time was 5.5 months, and median overall survival was 9.5 months. Common adverse events (grade 3 or 4) were fatigue (25%), diarrhea (15%), hand-foot syndrome (10%), mucositis (10%), transaminitis (5%), and hypertension (5%). Dose reduction as a result of toxicity was required in 14 patients (70%), and no patient stopped treatment as a result of toxicity. CONCLUSION: Pazopanib plus oral cyclophosphamide is a well-tolerated regimen with clinically relevant benefit in patients with platinum-resistant or -refractory EOC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Platina , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Indazóis , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Platina/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sulfonamidas
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(7)2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300597

RESUMO

Central venous catheter-associated bacteraemia caused by Nocardia species is very rare; the diagnosis of nocardiosis in patients with cancer is challenging because its clinical presentation is varied, sometimes mimicking metastases, and the high index of clinical suspicion is required for prompt institution of therapy. Herein, we report a case of nocardial sepsis with native aortic valve endocarditis in a patient with breast cancer in whom multidisciplinary team involvement and prompt initiation of therapy have led to successful outcome.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/microbiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/microbiologia , Endocardite Bacteriana/microbiologia , Nocardiose/diagnóstico , Nocardia/isolamento & purificação , Radiografia Torácica , Sepse/microbiologia , Amicacina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Tosse , Endocardite Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Fadiga , Feminino , Cefaleia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Meropeném/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nocardiose/patologia , Nocardiose/terapia , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
18.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 16-22, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147088

RESUMO

Background: Survival studies may serve as benchmarks to develop cancer-related policies and estimate baseline survival rates in a given patient population. Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective audit of cases managed in 2009 and now report the disease-free survival (DFS) in early breast cancer (EBC) and locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) in patients registered at a tertiary cancer center in India. Results: The study included 2192 patients with breast cancer with ages ranging from 18 years to 94 years with a median of 50 years. Of these, 888 (40.5%) were EBCs Stage I and II, 833 (38%) were LABCs (Stage III), and 471 (21.5%) were de novo metastatic or relapsed cancers at presentation. The 5-year DFS in the women with EBC was 85.5% and in LABC, it was 67.7%, P < 0.001. The factors adversely affecting DFS in EBC were node metastasis (P < 0.001), higher metastatic nodes (P < 0.001), hormone receptor negativity (P = 0.001), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2neu) positivity (P = 0.033). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis in EBC, node-positive status (hazard ratio [HR] 2.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.51-3.45, P < 0.001) and hormone receptor negative tumors (HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.30-2.94, P = 0.001) significantly affected DFS in EBC. The factors adversely affecting DFS in LABC in the univariate analysis were node metastasis (P < 0.001), increasing numbers of nodes (P < 0.001), presence of lymphovascular emboli (LVE) (P < 0.01), mastectomy (P < 0.001), and Her2neu positivity (P = 0.03). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, node positivity (HR 2.96, 95% CI 2.04-4.29, P < 0.0001), presence of LVE (HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.04, P = 0.023), and mastectomy (HR 1.49, 95% CI 1.06-2.10, P = 0.023) adversely impacted DFS in LABC. Conclusions: The survival rates in this study are equal to the documented global rates; nodal disease burden emerged as the most important prognostic factor. In addition, in EBCs, a lack of hormone receptor expression and in LABC, Her2neu overexpression appear to worsen the outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 45-49, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147092

RESUMO

Background: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among Indian women. This present retrospective study was conducted to report patient outcomes with locally advanced cervical cancer treated in the year 2010. Materials and Methods: Case records of cervical cancer patients registered from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010 were retrieved. A total of 1200 patients were registered, of which 583 received either definitive or adjuvant radiotherapy (RT). Of these, 345 patients who received complete treatment at our hospital were included for outcome analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize patient- and treatment-related variables, and Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed for survival analysis. Results: The median age was 56 years (range: 33-90). Squamous carcinoma was the most common histology (91.4%) and the majority were FIGO Stage III (45.4%). Median follow-up of the cohort was 44 months (1-85 months). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) across stages was 50%. Most important predictor of DFS was FIGO staging (Stage II vs. Stage III: 62% vs. 45%) and use of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CTRT) l (RT vs. CTRT: 32% vs. 57%, respectively). Patients aged >70 years had a significantly poor DFS at 5 years; however, did not have any effect on survival. Grade 3 or more late toxicity was seen in only 5% of the patients. Conclusion: Five-year DFS of 62% and 45% of Stage II and III patients treated under routine care represents comparable stage-matched results to the rest of the world, respectively.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Braquiterapia/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
20.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 50-54, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147093

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cancer in Indian women. Majority of these are epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs), most of which present in advanced stage. Women with poor performance status and/or those unlikely to achieve optimal debulking at upfront surgery, benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval cytoreduction, with lesser surgical morbidity and equal survival rates as compared to primary cytoreduction. Methodology: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with advanced ovarian cancer, treated with NACT followed by interval debulking surgery at Tata Memorial Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014. Results: Epithelial cancers constituted 84.4% (n = 406) of all cases of ovarian malignancies. Of these, overwhelming majority (84.3%, n = 342) were in the advanced stage. Sixty percent of all EOC patients received NACT. The mean baseline serum CA-125 level in women treated with NACT was 4294.7 U/ml (range, 11-151,200 U/ml). The median number of NACT cycles (paclitaxel + carboplatin) was 3. Optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 81.5% cases. The rates of Grade 3 or 4 intraoperative and postoperative complications were 4% each. The median postoperative stay was 5 days and the median time between surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy was 20 days. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 15.15 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.95-17.34), and the median overall survival (OS) was 34.73 months. Multivariate analysis revealed that optimal cytoreduction (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.04 [95% CI: 1.15-3.62]; P = 0.015) and number of NACT cycles (3 vs. >3; HR = 1.51 [95% CI: 1.06-2.16]; P = 0.022) were significantly associated with PFS, and optimal cytoreduction (HR = 3.21 [95% CI: 1.53-6.73]; P = 0.002) and ECOG status (0-1 vs. ≥2; HR = 2.64 [95% CI: 1.25-5.55]; P = 0.011) with OS. Conclusions: High rates of optimal cytoreduction were achieved at interval cytoreductive surgery after NACT, with acceptable surgical morbidity, early start of adjuvant chemotherapy, and survival outcomes comparable to international standards.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
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