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1.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(9): 2998-3002, 2010 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20382527

RESUMO

Biarylamine-based inhibitors of Met kinase have been identified. Lead compounds demonstrate nanomolar potency in Met kinase biochemical assays and significant activity in the Met-driven GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma cell line. X-ray crystallography revealed that these compounds adopt a bioactive conformation, in the kinase domain, consistent with that previously seen with 2-pyridone-based Met kinase inhibitors. Compound 9b demonstrated potent in vivo antitumor activity in the GTL-16 human tumor xenograft model.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Aminopiridinas/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Aminopiridinas/química , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
J Med Chem ; 52(5): 1251-4, 2009 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19260711

RESUMO

Substituted N-(4-(2-aminopyridin-4-yloxy)-3-fluoro-phenyl)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carboxamides were identified as potent and selective Met kinase inhibitors. Substitution of the pyridine 3-position gave improved enzyme potency, while substitution of the pyridone 4-position led to improved aqueous solubility and kinase selectivity. Analogue 10 demonstrated complete tumor stasis in a Met-dependent GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft model following oral administration. Because of its excellent in vivo efficacy and favorable pharmacokinetic and preclinical safety profiles, 10 has been advanced into phase I clinical trials.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Di-Hidropiridinas/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridonas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Aminopiridinas/farmacocinética , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cristalografia por Raios X , Di-Hidropiridinas/farmacocinética , Di-Hidropiridinas/farmacologia , Cães , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Modelos Moleculares , Piridonas/farmacocinética , Piridonas/farmacologia , Ratos , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
3.
J Med Chem ; 51(17): 5330-41, 2008 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18690676

RESUMO

Conformationally constrained 2-pyridone analogue 2 is a potent Met kinase inhibitor with an IC50 value of 1.8 nM. Further SAR of the 2-pyridone based inhibitors of Met kinase led to potent 4-pyridone and pyridine N-oxide inhibitors such as 3 and 4. The X-ray crystallographic data of the inhibitor 2 bound to the ATP binding site of Met kinase protein provided insight into the binding modes of these inhibitors, and the SAR of this series of analogues was rationalized. Many of these analogues showed potent antiproliferative activities against the Met dependent GTL-16 gastric carcinoma cell line. Compound 2 also inhibited Flt-3 and VEGFR-2 kinases with IC50 values of 4 and 27 nM, respectively. It possesses a favorable pharmacokinetic profile in mice and demonstrates significant in vivo antitumor activity in the GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft model.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Fosfotransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridonas/farmacologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met , Piridonas/síntese química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1945-51, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18289854

RESUMO

An amide library derived from the pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine scaffold led to the identification of modest inhibitors of Met kinase activity. Introduction of polar side chains at C-6 of the pyrrolotriazine core provided significant improvements in in vitro potency. The amide moiety could be replaced with acylurea and malonamide substituents to give compounds with improved potency in the Met-driven GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma cell line. Acylurea pyrrolotriazines with substitution at C-5 demonstrated single digit nanomolar kinase activity. X-ray crystallography revealed that the C-5 substituted pyrrolotriazines bind to the Met kinase domain in an ATP-competitive manner.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/química , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Triazinas/química , Animais , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/antagonistas & inibidores , Glutationa Transferase/antagonistas & inibidores , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
J Med Chem ; 47(16): 4054-9, 2004 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15267243

RESUMO

The pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine nucleus was identified as a novel kinase inhibitor template which effectively mimics the well-known quinazoline kinase inhibitor scaffold. Attachment of a 4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino) substituent to the template provided potent biochemical inhibitors of the tyrosine kinase activity of EGFR, as well as inhibition of cellular proliferation of the human colon tumor cell line DiFi. Attachment of a 4-((3-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)amino) substituent provided potent inhibitors of VEGFR-2 which also showed effects on the VEGF-dependent proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Biological activity was maintained with substitution at positions 5 or 6, but not 7, suggesting that the former positions are promising sites for introducing side chains which modulate physicochemical properties. Preliminary inhibition studies with varying ATP concentrations suggest that, like the quinazoline-based kinase inhibitors, the pyrrolotriazine-based inhibitors bind in the ATP pocket.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores ErbB/química , Humanos , Mimetismo Molecular , Pirróis/química , Pirróis/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Veias Umbilicais/citologia , Veias Umbilicais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química
8.
Cancer Res ; 64(11): 3974-80, 2004 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15173010

RESUMO

BMS-214662 and BMS-225975 are tetrahydrobenzodiazepine-based farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) that have nearly identical structures and very similar pharmacological profiles associated with farnesyltransferase (FT) inhibition. Despite their similar activity against FT in vitro and in cells, these compounds differ dramatically in their apoptotic potency and tumor-regressing activity in vivo. BMS-214662 is the most potent apoptotic FTI known and exhibits curative responses in mice bearing a variety of staged human tumor xenografts such as HCT-116 human colon tumor. By contrast, BMS-225975 does not cause tumor regression and at best causes partial tumor growth inhibition in staged HCT-116 human colon tumor xenografts. Lack of tumor regression activity in BMS-225975 was attributable to its relatively weak apoptotic potency, not to poor cell permeability or pharmacokinetics. Both compounds were equally effective in inhibiting Ras processing and causing accumulation of a variety of nonfarnesylated substrates of FT in HCT-116 cells. Because BMS-225975 has poor apoptotic activity compared with BMS-214662 but inhibits FT to the same extent as BMS-214662, it is very unlikely that FT inhibition alone can account for the apoptotic potency of BMS-214662. Clearly distinct patterns of sensitivities in a cell line panel were obtained for the apoptotic FTI BMS-214662 and the cytostatic FTI BMS-225975. Activation of the c-Jun-NH(2)-terminal kinase pathway was readily observed with BMS-214662 but not with BMS-225975. We developed a highly sensitive San-1 murine xenograft tumor model that is particularly useful for evaluating the in vivo activity of cytostatic FTIs such as BMS-225975.


Assuntos
Alquil e Aril Transferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzodiazepinas/farmacologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Ativação Enzimática , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Farnesiltranstransferase , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase 4 , Camundongos , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Células NIH 3T3 , Ratos , Proteínas ras/antagonistas & inibidores
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